Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere

The Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, or USC(OA), is a high-ranking official in the United States Department of Commerce and the principal advisor to the United States Secretary of Commerce on the environmental and scientific activities of the Department. The Under Secretary is dual hatted as the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration within the Commerce Department.

The Under Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the consent of the United States Senate to serve at the pleasure of the President. The current acting Under Secretary is Timothy Gallaudet, who took office on October 25, 2017, after being confirmed as Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere by the U.S. Senate. Donald Trump nominated former AccuWeather CEO Barry Myers to serve as Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere on Oct 12, 2017.

United States
Under Secretary of Commerce
for Oceans and Atmosphere
Seal of the United States Department of Commerce
Timothy Gallaudet official photo
Incumbent
Timothy Gallaudet
Acting

since October 25, 2017
FormationDecember 1971
First holderRobert M. White
WebsiteOfficial website

Overview

As the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Under Secretary oversees the day-to-day functions of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as well as laying out its strategic and operational future.[1]

Components of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that the Administrator oversees include the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Ocean Service, National Weather Service, Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, Marine and Aviation Operations, and the NOAA Corps.[1]

With the rank of Under Secretary, the USC(OA) is a Level III position within the Executive Schedule[2] Since January 2010, the annual rate of pay for Level III is $165,300.[3] The Under Secretary ranks fifth in the line of succession for the office of Secretary of Commerce.[4]

History

The position of Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere was created by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Marine Fisheries Program Authorization Act of 1985. The position was created to serve as the Administrator of NOAA. It also created an Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere to serve as Deputy Administrator of NOAA.[5] William Evans was the first person to have the title of Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere. The position of Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration was created earlier by the Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1970.[6]

Reporting officials

Officials reporting to the USC(OA)/Administrator include:

Office holders

From 1970 to 1988, the head of NOAA was the NOAA Administrator. Starting with Bill Evans in 1988, that person held the title of Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere.

No. Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days served President
serving under
1 Robert M. White Robert M. White October 3, 1970 July 13, 1977 1406 Richard Nixon
895 Gerald Ford
174
(2475 total)
Jimmy Carter
2 Richard A. Frank Richard A. Frank July 13, 1977 January 20, 1981 1287
- James P. Walsh January 20, 1981 June 10, 1981 141 Ronald Reagan
3 John V. Byrne John V. Byrne June 10, 1981[7] November 15, 1984 1254
4 Anthony J. Calio November 15, 1984 October 4, 1985[7] 323
October 4, 1985 September 15, 1987 711
(1034 total)
- J. Curtis Mack II September 15, 1987 March 31, 1988 198
5 William Eugene Evans March 31, 1988 August 7, 1989[8] 295
199
(494 total)
George H.W. Bush
6 John A. Knauss John A. Knauss August 7, 1989 [8] February 26, 1993 1262
37
(1299 total)
Bill Clinton
- Diana Josephson February 26, 1993 May 28, 1993 91
7 Donald James Baker D. James Baker May 28, 1993[9] January 20, 2001 3128
- Scott Gudes Scott Gudes January 20, 2001 December 10, 2001[10] 324 George W. Bush
8 VADMConrad C. Lautenbacher Conrad C. Lautenbacher December 10, 2001[10] October 31, 2008 2517
- William J. Brennan William J. Brennan October 31, 2008 March 19, 2009 81
58
(139 total)
Barack Obama
9 Jane Lubchenco Jane Lubchenco March 20, 2009 February 28, 2013 1441
10 Kathryn D. Sullivan Kathryn D. Sullivan March 1, 2013 March 6, 2014 370
March 6, 2014 January 20, 2017 1051
(1421 total)
- Benjamin Friedman Benjamin Friedman January 20, 2017 October 25, 2017 278 Donald Trump
- RDML Timothy Gallaudet Timothy Gallaudet October 25, 2017[11] Present 401+

References

  1. ^ a b "NOAA Home Page - Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.) Undersecretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator". Retrieved September 24, 2007.
  2. ^ "US CODE: Title 15,1503b. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere; duties; appointment; compensation". Retrieved September 24, 2007.
  3. ^ "Salary Table 2006-EX". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  4. ^ "Executive Order on Succession at the Department of Commerce". Retrieved September 24, 2007.
  5. ^ "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Marine Fisheries Program Authorization Act of 1985". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  6. ^ "REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 4 OF 1970". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Trump Lags Predecessors in Naming Science Agency Leaders". American Institute of Physics. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b Knauss, John A. (Winter 1989). "Memorandum for all NOAA Staff" (PDF). The National Cooperative Observer Newsletter. Archived from the original on 1 November 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  9. ^ Lawrence, Richard (31 May 1993). "CLINTON EXPECTED TO NAME GARTEN TO COMMERCE POST MANY KEY SLOTS REMAIN UNFILLED". Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  10. ^ a b Miller, David. "CONRAD LAUTENBACHER IS THE NEW NOAA ADMINISTRATOR". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  11. ^ "TODAY TIDBITS: OCTOBER 29, 2017". Retrieved 4 July 2018.

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