Unalaska (Aleut: Iluulux̂) is the chief center of population in the Aleutian Islands. The city is in the Aleutians West Census Area, a regional component of the Unorganized Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. Unalaska is located on Unalaska Island and neighboring Amaknak Island in the Aleutian Islands off mainland Alaska. The population was 4,376 at the 2010 census, which is 79% of the entire Aleutians West Census Area. Unalaska is the second largest city in the Unorganized Borough, behind Bethel.
The Aleut or Unangan people have lived on Unalaska Island for thousands of years. The Unangan, who were the first to inhabit the island of Unalaska, named it "Ounalashka", meaning "near the peninsula". The regional native corporation has adopted this moniker, and is known as the Ounalashka Corporation. The Russian fur trade reached Unalaska when Stepan Glotov and his crew arrived on August 1, 1759. Natives, Russians and their descendants comprised most of the community's population until the mid-20th century, when the involvement of the United States in World War II led to a large-scale influx of people and construction of buildings all along the strategically located Aleutians.
Almost all of the community's port facilities are on Amaknak Island, better known as Dutch Harbor or just "Dutch". It is the largest fisheries port in the U.S. by volume caught. It includes Dutch Harbor Naval Operating Base and Fort Mears, U.S. Army, a U.S. National Historic Landmark. Dutch Harbor lies within the city limits of Unalaska and is connected to Unalaska by a bridge. Amaknak Island is home to almost 59 percent of the city's population, although it has less than 3 percent of its land area.
Hilltop view of Unalaska in January 2006
|Census Area||Aleutians West|
|Incorporated||March 3, 1942|
|• Mayor||Frank Kelty|
|• State senator||Lyman Hoffman (D)|
|• State rep.||Bryce Edgmon (D)|
|• Total||212.68 sq mi (550.83 km2)|
|• Land||111.80 sq mi (289.55 km2)|
|• Water||100.88 sq mi (261.28 km2)|
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||20.86/sq mi (8.06/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−9 (Alaska (AKST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−8 (AKDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1419424|
The island of Unalaska was first inhabited by the Aleut people, who named it "Ounalashka", meaning: "Near the Peninsula". They developed an intricate and complex society long before their first contact with the Russian fur traders who would document their existence.
Unalaska and Amaknak Islands contained 24 settlements with more than 1,000 Aleut inhabitants in 1759, when the first Russian group under Stepan Glotov came and started trading for three years on Umnak and Unalaska. Between 1763 and 1766, a conflict between the Russian fur traders and the Unalaska Natives occurred; the Aleuts destroyed four Russian ships and killed 175 hunters/traders. Solov'ev then returned to Unalaska and directed the massacre of many Natives. In the 1760s, Unalaska was temporarily used as a Russian fur trading post. The post was permanently established in 1774, and was eventually incorporated into the Russian-American Company. It was there that Captain James Cook encountered the navigator Gerasim Izmailov in 1778.
In 1788 the Spanish made contact with the Russians in Alaska for the first time. An expedition by Esteban José Martínez and Gonzalo López de Haro visited several Russian settlements. Their westernmost visit was to Unalaska. On August 5, 1788, they claimed Unalaska for Spain, calling it Puerto de Dona Marie Luisa Teresa. 
In 1825, the Russian Orthodox Church of the Holy Ascension was built in Unalaska. The founding priest, Ivan Veniaminov, later canonized as Saint Innocent of Alaska, composed the first Aleut writing system with local assistance, and translated scripture into Aleut. Between 1836 and 1840, measles, chicken-pox and whooping-cough epidemics drastically reduced the population; thus, at the end of the decade, only 200 to 400 Aleuts lived in Unalaska.
On October 18, 1867, the United States purchased Alaska, making Unalaska part of the U.S. territory.
In 1880, the Methodist Church opened a school and a clinic for orphans in Unalaska. Between 1899 and 1905, the Gold Rush brought many ships through Dutch Harbor where the North American Commercial Company had a coaling station.
During the first half of the century, the island was touched by numerous epidemics, first in 1900, and then in 1919 the Spanish flu touched the island: these contributed to a dramatic decrease of the population in Unalaska.
The United States started fortifying Dutch Harbor in 1940, resulting in the construction of the Dutch Harbor Naval Operating Base and Fort Mears. On June 3, 1942, the town was attacked by Japanese forces in the Battle of Dutch Harbor, part of the Aleutian Islands campaign. After the attack and the Japanese occupation of Attu, almost all of the native residents of the island were arrested. Many were held, under poor conditions, in camps in Southeast Alaska for the duration of the war; a substantial number of the internees died during the imprisonment.
Beginning in the 1950s, Unalaska became a center of the Alaskan king crab fishing industry; by 1978 it was the largest fishing port in the United States. A 1982 crash in king crab harvests decimated the industry, and the mid-1980s saw a transition to bottom fishing.
The city has struggled with problems like alcoholism and unemployment in the past and still does, although the situation has improved in recent years. One example is the Elbow Room, a bar which locally, and later abroad, became infamous for its raucousness. It was closed in 2005.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 212.3 square miles (549.9 km2), of which 111.0 square miles (287.5 km2) is land and 101.3 square miles (262.4 km2) of it (47.71%) is water.
Makushin Volcano (5,691 ft/1,735 m) is located on the island; it is not quite visible from within the town of Unalaska, though the steam rising from its cone is visible on the rare clear day. By climbing one of the smaller hills in the area, such as Pyramid Peak or Mount Newhall, it is possible to get a good look at the snow-covered cone.
A major find was announced in 2015 after scientists examined a group of giant, tusked, quadruped, marine mammal fossils. The species had been unearthed during excavation for the construction of a school. They are unique, shore dwellers belonging to the extinct order Desmostylia, and possibly related to Proboscidea or Sirenia. A rendition of a group was drawn by Alaskan artist Ray Troll.
As in all of the Aleutian islands in the south of Akutan Island (32 °F or 0 °C isoterm) the climate of Unalaska is a subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc), closely bordering a subarctic climate (Dfc) following the trend of warming have predominates the first one, although other climatic maps present even in group D in the Köppen Classification, with moderate and fairly uniform temperatures and heavy precipitation. Winters are consistently cold, but relatively mild in comparison to other parts of the state. Summers are cool, with most afternoons only reaching highs of 54 °F (12 °C) to 70 °F (21 °C). Fog is often present even when it is not raining. Summer weather is around 5 °F (2.8 °C) cooler than Southeast Alaska (Sitka), but the winter temperatures are nearly the same.
The mean annual temperature for Unalaska is about 40.9 °F (4.9 °C), being about 32.5 °F (0.3 °C) in January and about 53.3 °F (11.8 °C) in August. With about 225 rainy days a year, Unalaska is among the rainiest places in the United States. June through August are markedly the driest months of the year, with thunderstorms virtually nonexistent here. Precipitation is especially heavy from October to February, when frequent, often-intense storms from the North Pacific Ocean cross the area, bringing high to very high winds and heavy precipitation in any form, and sometimes, changing forms (rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow). On average, December is the year's wettest month. Snowfall averages over 91 inches per winter season, and can be heavy from December to March.
|Climate data for Dutch Harbor, Unalaska, Alaska|
|Average sea temperature °C (°F)||4
|Mean daily daylight hours||8||10||12||14||16||17||16||15||13||10||9||7||12.3|
|Average Ultraviolet index||0||1||2||3||5||5||6||5||3||2||1||0||3|
|Source: weather2travel "Dutch Harbor climate guide". weather2travel. Retrieved 18 August 2017.|
Unalaska first reported on the 1880 U.S. Census as the Aleut and Creole (Mixed Russian & Aleut) village of Iliuliuk. Of its 406 residents, 230 were Aleut, 162 were Creole (Mixed Russian & Native) and 14 were White. It was the 9th largest community in Alaska. In 1890, it returned as Unalaska with 317 residents. This included a majority of 165 Creoles, 84 Natives, 66 Whites and 2 Asians (the total population included adjacent Dutch Harbor, and 5 docked vessels including the steamers Arago and Dora and schooners Nellie Martin, Pearl and Matthew Turner. In 1900, it reported as Unalaska again, but did not present a racial breakdown. It reported again as Iliuliuk in 1910, but has reported from 1920 onwards as Unalaska. It was formally incorporated in 1942.
In the census of 2010, there were 4,376 people, 927 households, and 533 families residing in the city. There were 1106 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 39.20% White, 6.90% Black or African American, 6.10% Native American, 32.60% Asian (28.2% Filipino, 2.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.5% Other Asian, 0.4% Korean, 0.1% Asian Indian, 0.1% Chinese), 2.20% Pacific Islander, 7.40% from other races, and 5.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.20% of the population.
There were 927 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 35.3% of all households had individuals under 18 and 5.0% had someone living who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the city, the population was spread out with 15.2% under the age of 20, 6.0% from 20 to 24, 39.8% from 25 to 44, 36.3% from 45 to 64, and 2.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 194.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 218.7 males.
The port of Unalaska / Dutch Harbor is the main port and field base for the storied Bering Sea king crab fishery. The Dutch Harbor crabbing fleet is featured in the television show Deadliest Catch, a documentary style show on the Discovery Channel, and Dutch Harbor's facilities and local pub are featured prominently in numerous episodes.
Dutch Harbor has also been the largest fisheries port in the United States, in terms of volume of seafood caught, for nearly every year since 1981. Until 2000, it also ranked first in terms of the dollar value of its catch; since 2000, however, the port of New Bedford, Massachusetts, has outranked Dutch Harbor in that category.
A pilot project in Unalaska / Dutch Harbor, Alaska, is producing fish oil biodiesel from the local fish processing industry in conjunction with the University of Alaska Fairbanks. It is rarely economical to ship the fish oil elsewhere and Alaskan communities are heavily dependent on diesel power generation. The local factories process 3.5 million gallons of fish oil annually.
Unalaska has a council–manager form of government. The mayor is elected at large, and serves a three-year term; his or her powers are mostly ceremonial.
The city council is the legislative body of the city; it is made up of six members, who are elected at large by a direct vote of the city's electorate. They also serve three-year terms. The city council has for its mission to "enact the laws of the city, set the mill rate for property taxes within the city, approve the annual budget for the city, and appropriate funds to provide for city services".
The incumbent mayor is Frank Kelty, who has served more terms than any other Unalaska mayor, with a total of six terms over the years.
Unalaska is located in the Aleutians No. 2 voting precinct, in the 37th election district and Senate district S. The city is represented in the Alaska House of Representatives by Bryce Edgmon, a Democrat from Dillingham, and in the Alaska Senate by Lyman Hoffman, a Democrat from Bethel.
Unalaska was home to Carl Moses, who moved there from King Cove in the mid 1960s and was a business and political leader in the community for decades until shortly before his death in 2014. Moses was the longest-serving member in the history of the Alaska House, serving a total of 22 years, from 1965 to 1973 and from 1993 to 2007. He also served under three different political parties, first as a Republican, later switching to Democrat, and also served the majority of one term as a member of the Alaskan Independence Party. The only other Unalaska resident to serve in the legislature was Eric G. Sutcliffe, at the time owner of Stormy's Restaurant. Sutcliffe served a single term in the House, from 1981 to 1983.
As Unalaska is designated a first-class city and located within the Unorganized Borough, it is required under state law to operate its own schools rather than participate in a Rural Education Attendance Area. The Unalaska City School District reported an enrollment of 409 students for the 2013–2014 school year, split roughly evenly between Eagle's View Elementary School (pre-elementary through 6th grade) and Unalaska Jr/Sr High School (7th through 12th grades).
UCSD was voted one of the best 100 school districts in the United States by Offspring Magazine, a Forbes publication. It has also consistently been one of the highest scoring schools in Alaska in both the Standards-based exams and Alaska Exit Exam. In 2006, the Alaska Association of School Boards awarded the school district with the Outstanding School Board Award and Superintendent of the Year award.
Unalaska Headstart also serves the community's pre-elementary education needs.
Previously the Aleutian Region School District, which serves rural areas in the western Aleutian Islands, had its administrative headquarters in Unalaska; the school board's mailing address was in Unalaska.
The University of Alaska Fairbanks also has a campus in Unalaska, the University of Alaska, Aleutian Pribilof campus. This college is part of the College of Rural Alaska network and offers both conventional classroom and distance classes. It offers university classes, community workshops, local courses, as well as dual credit for high school students.
11% of Unalaska residents age 25 and older have a bachelor's or advanced college degree.
The state of Alaska owns a 4,100 by 100 ft (1,250 by 30 m) paved runway, where daily flights are scheduled. Because of the very harsh weather conditions around Unalaska Airport, about a fifth of those flights are cancelled. A seaplane base is also available. The state of Alaska changed the name of the airport in 2002 to "Tom Madsen Airport", after a bush pilot killed in an accident that year, although the FAA still uses the airport's original name.
The Alaska Marine Highway operates once every two weeks from Kodiak between April and October. Out of the ten major docks in Unalaska, three are operated by the city. A World War II sub dock was refurbished and now offers ship repair services.
There are approximately seven miles (11 km) of paved road, and 38 miles (61 km) of road total in Unalaska. According to traffic counts taken by the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, the most heavily traveled roads in Unalaska are Airport Beach Road between 5th Street and East Point Road, 5th Street between Broadway Avenue and Airport Beach Road, and Broadway Avenue between 5th Street and Steward Road. These roads recorded an annual average daily traffic volume of approximately 3,000 cars.
Aleksey Mironovich Yachmenev (1866–1937) was an Aleut chief who lived in Unalaska. Along with Leontiy Sivstov, Yachmenev accompanied Waldemar Jochelson on his 1909-1910 ethnological studies on the Aleut.
His son, John Yatchmeneff, wrote down the texts for John P. Harrington's 1941 work on the Aleut language.Anfesia Shapsnikoff
Anfesia Shapsnikoff (October 1, 1901 – January 15, 1973) was an Aleut leader and educator born October 1, 1901, at Atka, Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. Renowned for her weaving of Aleut grass baskets, Anfesia flew to many communities throughout Alaska to teach children the lost art of Attu basket weaving.Anna MacKinnon
Anna MacKinnon (formerly Fairclough; born November 11, 1957) is an American Republican politician who is currently a member of the Alaska Senate, representing District G since 2013. Prior to that, she served in the Alaska House of Representatives, representing the 17th district, from 2007 to 2013. In the 26th Alaska State Legislature, she was a member of the House Finance Committee, and chair of the Education & Early Development, Labor & Workforce Development and the University Of Alaska Finance Subcommittees. She also represented Eagle River and Chugiak on the Anchorage Assembly from 1999 until being elected to the House. She was elected to each of these offices by defeating an incumbent in the election; her Assembly victory was over incumbent Ted Carlson, better known as the Anchorage police officer who arrested actor Steve McQueen in 1972. Her House victory came in the 2006 primary over incumbent Pete Kott, who by that point was involved in what became known as the Alaska political corruption probe, and who was later sentenced to federal prison. The probe also saw other longtime legislators leave office. Her Senate victory in 2012 came over longtime legislator Bettye Davis, who faced not only redistricting but a primary election challenge from former House member and congressional candidate Harry Crawford, whom Davis narrowly outpolled.Carl E. Moses
Carl Eugene Moses (July 16, 1929 – April 30, 2014) was an American businessman from Unalaska, Alaska who served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1965 to 1973 as both a Republican and Democrat, and was elected again to the House in 1992 running on the Alaskan Independence Party ticket, later switched back to the Democrats, and served until 2007. Moses served a total of eleven full terms in the Alaska House, making him the longest-serving member in the history of that body. In the 2006 primary election, Moses was defeated for renomination by Bryce Edgmon, losing via a coin toss after the election results wound up in court and were later certified by the state of Alaska as ending in a tie vote.Channel 4 low-power TV stations in the United States
The following low-power television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 4 in the United States:
K04AI in Prescott, Arizona
K04BJ-D in La Pine, Oregon
K04BR in Green River, Utah
K04DD-D in Weaverville, California
K04DH-D in Gunnison, Colorado
K04DS-D in Kenai River, Alaska
K04EN in Glenns Ferry, Idaho
K04EQ in Fort Jones, etc., California
K04EZ in Big Bend, etc., California
K04FF in Forsyth, etc., Montana
K04GF-D in Wolf Point, Montana
K04GP-D in Alyeska, Alaska
K04GT-D in Bullhead City, Arizona
K04GW-D in Spearfish, South Dakota
K04HE in Yreka, etc., California
K04HF-D in Panaca, Nevada
K04HH-D in Aspen, Colorado
K04HM in St. Paul Island, Alaska
K04HN in Manila, etc., Utah
K04HV in Sand Point, Alaska
K04HX in Ridgecrest, etc., California
K04IG in Kiana, Alaska
K04IH-D in Baker, Montana
K04IK in Noorvik, Alaska
K04IR in Wainwright, Alaska
K04IT in Point Lay, Alaska
K04IU in Kaktovik, Alaska
K04IW in East Price, Utah
K04JF in Nulato, Alaska
K04JH-D in Homer, Alaska
K04JP in Williams, Oregon
K04JR in Starr Valley, Nevada
K04JW in Unalakleet, Alaska
K04JZ in Gold Hill, Oregon
K04KG in Gateway, Colorado
K04KN in King Salmon, Alaska
K04KP in Northway, Alaska
K04KQ in Klukwan, Alaska
K04KS in Barrow, Alaska
K04KU in Ruby, Alaska
K04KV in Unalaska, Alaska
K04KX in Slana, Alaska
K04LB in Pelican, Alaska
K04LE in Stebbins, Alaska
K04LJ in Atka, Alaska
K04LN in Takotna, Alaska
K04LT in Deering, Alaska
K04LU in Buckland, Alaska
K04LZ in Galena, Alaska
K04MB in Nikolai, Alaska
K04MG-D in Wedderburn, etc., Oregon
K04MK in Chefornak, Alaska
K04MM in Hyder, Alaska
K04MN in Wales, Alaska
K04MO in Hoonah, Alaska
K04MQ in Paxson, Alaska
K04MR in Gustavus, Alaska
K04MT in Newtok, Alaska
K04MV in Point Baker, Alaska
K04MW in Pitkas Point, Alaska
K04NK-D in Dolores, Colorado
K04OH in Challis, Idaho
K04OI in Pasco-Kennewick, Washington
K04OM in Collbran, Colorado
K04ON-D in Weber Canyon, Colorado
K04OO-D in Ismay Canyon, Colorado
K04OS-D in Reedsport, Oregon
K04PH in Astoria, Oregon
K04PI in Bluff & area, Utah
K04PJ-D in Hesperus, Colorado
K04QC in Palermo, California
K04QP-D in Casas Adobes, Arizona
K04QR-D in Esparto, California
K04QV-D in Thompson Falls, Montana
K04QX-D in Townsend, Montana
K04RA-D in Clarksville, Arkansas
K04RP-D in Delta Junction, Alaska
K04RS-D in San Juan Bautista, California
K04RT-DT in Judith Gap, Montana
K14QH-D in Butte Falls, Oregon
K41LF-D in Salina & Redmond, Utah
KAHO-LD in Woodville, Texas
KAKZ-LD in Cathedral City, California
KDLN-LP in Newport, Oregon
KFIQ-LP in Lubbock, Texas
KHFW-LD in Dallas, Texas
KQSL-LD in San Rafael, California
KRMF-LD in Reno, Nevada
KTFB-CA in Bakersfield, California
KVER-CA in Indio, California
W04AE in Herkimer, New York
W04AG-D in Garden City, etc., Virginia
W04BS-D in Bethel, Maine
W04CI in Appomattox, Virginia
WBXF-CA in Des Moines, etc., Iowa
WGCI-LD in Skowhegan, Maine
WKPZ-CD in Pennington Gap, Virginia
WLWP-LP in Millsboro, etc., Delaware
WMDF-LD in Key West, Florida
WNHT-LD in Montgomery, Alabama
WOCK-CD in Chicago, Illinois
WPXO-LD in East Orange, New Jersey
WTSP in St. Petersburg, Florida
WUVM-LP in Atlanta, GeorgiaThe following low-power stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on digital or analog channel 4:
K04AU in Panguitch, Utah
K04BN in Teasdale/Torrey, Utah
K04BO in Marysvale, Utah
K04CV in Broken Bow, Nebraska
K04CX in Cascadia, Oregon
K04EG in Trenton, Nebraska
K04EK in Orderville, Utah
K04EY in Grants Pass, etc., Oregon
K04FR in Escalante, Utah
K04FT in Mazama, Washington
K04GA in Kings River, Nevada
K04GB in Fort Bidwell, California
K04GD in Beowawe, etc., Nevada
K04GR in Dorena, etc., Oregon
K04GS in Crested Butte, etc., Colorado
K04HK in Black Butte Ranch, Oregon
K04HL in Ord, Nebraska
K04IN in Tropic, etc., Utah
K04JD in Salida, etc., Colorado
K04NU in Seiad Valley, California
K04OF-D in Sargents, Colorado
K04OJ in Ticaboo, Utah
K04OZ in Oljeto, Utah
K04PP in Navajo Mtn. Sch., etc., Utah
KCDH-LP in Winnfield, Louisiana
KJBW-CA in Springdale, Arkansas
KVFR-LP in Redding, California
W04CW in Tigerton, etc., Wisconsin
W04DE in Laurel, MississippiDUT
DUT is an acronym for
Da Nang University of Technology in Da Nang, Vietnam
Dalian University of Technology in Dalian, China
Delft University of Technology in Delft, the Netherlands
Device under test, especially in electronics, associated with semiconductor testing
Diplôme universitaire de technologie, a French undergraduate university degree in technology
Durban University of Technology in Durban, South Africa
DUT (gene), which encodes DUTP pyrophosphatase
Drinking-up time, a former feature of United Kingdom alcohol licensing law
DUT1 or DUT, which describes the difference between coordinated universal time (UTC) and universal time (UT)
Unalaska Airport (IATA airport code "DUT"), an airport in Unalaska, Alaska, U.S.
D.Ut., an abbreviation used for the United States District Court for the District of UtahDutch Harbor
Dutch Harbor is a harbor on Amaknak Island in Unalaska, Alaska. It was the location of the Battle of Dutch Harbor in June 1942, and was one of the few sites, besides the attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, in incorporated U.S. territory to be bombed by the Japanese during World War II.Dutch Harbor is now the home of an important fishing industry.FV Big Valley
The Big Valley was a 92-foot (28 m) crabber boat. The vessel capsized and sank Saturday, January 15, 2005, in the Bering Sea in an area 70 miles (110 km) west of Saint Paul Island, Alaska. Only one member of the crew survived: Cache Seel, 30. Skipper Gary Edwards, 46, of Kodiak, Alaska; Danny Vermeersch, 33 of Belgium; Josias Luna, 48, of Anchorage, Alaska; Aaron Marrs, 27, of Louisville, Kentucky; and Carlos Rivera, 35, of Uruguay all perished.
The vessel's Emergency position-indicating radiobeacon station (EPIRB) went off around 8:00am AST (UTC−9), at the beginning of the 2005 opilio crab hunting season. Three fishing vessels (Cornelia Marie, Maverick and Sea Rover), U.S. Coast Guard ship USCGC Sherman, the Alaska state patrol boat Stimson, and a Coast Guard helicopter out of Saint Paul Island were involved in the search.
The helicopter rescued Cache Seel, who was the only crewmember to make it to the life raft. Vermeersch and Rivera, who were wearing survival suits like Seel, were found dead in the water. Vermeersch was recovered by the helicopter, and Rivera was recovered by Stimson. Edwards, Luna and Marrs fell into the water without survival suits, and their bodies were never found. According to Seel's account, Edwards and Luna were thrown overboard while trying to release the life raft. Vermeersch ultimately freed it, but only Seel made it to the raft after 50 minutes in the water.The Coast Guard had limited the Big Valley, one of the smallest boats that participated in the crab fishery, to carrying 31 crab pots. She left Dutch Harbor in Unalaska, Alaska, for her final trip with 55 pots and 183,000 pounds of bait, more than three times the amount allowed, according to the Coast Guard investigation. That extra weight contributed to her fate, the investigation found.
The search for Big Valley was covered in an episode of the television show, Deadliest Catch. It was Big Valley's captain, Gary Edwards, who demonstrated the EPIRB for the show.KSKA
KSKA (91.1 FM) is a non-commercial radio station in Anchorage, Alaska, United States. The station airs public radio programming from the National Public Radio network and the BBC World Service. KSKA also airs some locally originated programming.KUCB (FM)
KUCB is a non-commercial radio station in Unalaska, Alaska, broadcasting on 89.7 FM. It signed on in October 2008 to replace KIAL 1450 AM. KUCB generally broadcasts local programming, plus programming from National Public Radio, Native Voice One and Alaska Public Radio. The KIAL radio and television stations were formerly owned by the municipality of Unalaska; due to municipal cutbacks they now operate as an independent non-profit organisation dependent largely on individual donors. Shortly after its sell-off, KIAL, which only broadcast at 50 watts, moved to the FM dial as KUCB, with a stronger signal.Leontiy Sivstov
Leontiy Ivanovich Sivstov (1872-1919) was a church reader who lived in Unalaska. Along with Aleksey Yachmenev, who like Sivstov was Aleut himself, Sivstov accompanied Waldemar Jochelson on his 1909-1910 ethnological studies on the Aleut.Madsen Airport
Madsen Airport may refer to:
Tom Madsen Airport, also known as Unalaska Airport, a public airport in Unalaska, Alaska, United States (FAA: DUT)
Madsen Airport (Wyoming), a private airport in Gillette, Wyoming, United States (FAA: WY65)Onalaska
Onalaska may refer to:
Onalaska (town), Wisconsin
Lake Onalaska, a lake in WisconsinOunalashka Corporation
The Ounalashka Corporation is the native village corporation for the Aleuts of Unalaska and Amaknak Islands, in the Aleutian Islands. Like its parent entity, the Aleut Corporation, it was formed as a result of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971. Its headquarters are located in Unalaska, Alaska.
The Ounalashka Corporation has a significantly greater control over the economy and development of Unalaska than do many of the other village corporations in Alaska, due to the severely limited amount of land suitable for development on the island, and the high percentage of that land that the corporation owns. To maintain that control, the Corporation has a policy of never selling any portion of its land, though it does issue leases for as long as 50 years. Since consolidating its holdings in the late 1970s, it has become nearly impossible to plan any new development in Unalaska without authorization of the Corporation.Sergie Sovoroff
Sergie Sovoroff (September 17, 1901 – September 27, 1989) was an Aleut educational leader. He was born on Umnak Island in the Aleut village of Nikolski in 1902. Sovoroff was born only nine years before the United States government outlawed sea otter hunting. After 1911, the need and use of iqya-x, Aleut sea kayaks, declined abruptly. But Sovoroff continued to see a need for creating model sea kayaks, known in his days by the Russian name "baidarka". Sovoroff "...kept up the tradition of making kayak models". Model sea kayaks built by Sovoroff, quite often with three hatches with a Russian Orthodox priest seated in the middle hatch, can be seen in many museums around the world. These model sea kayaks, finely crafted by Sovoroff, often equipped with a rudder on the stern of the kayak, all too frequently bear the name of the person who purchased them or donated them to the museum, and not Sovoroff's.
Sergie died on September 27, 1989 and is buried in Nikolski, Alaska.
Sovoroff built model sea kayaks from the 1910s through the 1980s and his work and teaching served an important role of carrying Unangan sea kayak construction through a period when it appeared that the ancient art would be lost forever. The rebirth and revitalization of Unangan iqya-x in the late 20th and early 21st century can be directly attributed to the instruction, inspiration, and dedication of Sergie Sovoroff.Sovoroff built three-hatch kayaks called uluxtax and one-hatch kayak called iqyax. Sovoroff's models continue to inspire and instruct Alaska youth on how these boats were built and paddled, as well as the important role that they played in the ancient Aleutian culture. Sergie's 3D (three-dimensional) models have served as a practical instructional design tool, providing blue prints for many generations of people who become intrigued with this ancient design and want to recreate models or full-scale sea kayaks.
Sovoroff's model kayaks are on display at locations such as the Anchorage Fine Arts Museum, the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association headquarters in Anchorage, and the Unalaska School in Unalaska, Alaska, although his name is often missing from public displays.
When invading promyshlenniks (fur hunters from Kamchatka) invaded the Aleutians, the ancient culture and traditions of building sea kayaks was significantly altered. Sovoroff preserved the blueprint, the plans of how to build model sea kayaks, one of the most important forms of transportation in the ancient Unangan culture which has persisted on the lower Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands for over 8000 years. The Unungan iqya-x (or, in Russian, "baidarka"; or, in the Inuit language, "kayak") played a paramount role within the ancient culture, not unlike the role that automobiles assume in 21st century America. For example, in pre-1741 times, an ultimate insult from one Aleut youngster to another might be something like, "Your family doesn't even own a sea kayak!".Sitka Spruce Park
Sitka Spruce Park is a public park in the city of Unalaska, Alaska. The roughly 5-acre (2.0 ha) park is located on Biorka Drive on Amaknak Island, south of Unalaska Airport. It is one of the few places on the island where there are a significant number of trees. A small part of the park is a National Historic Landmark, as it was the site of the earliest documented afforestation in North America. In 1805, Russian agents planted an unknown number of Sitka spruce trees in the area, of which six were documented to be surviving in 1978.Unalaska Airport
Tom Madsen (Dutch Harbor) Airport (IATA: DUT, ICAO: PADU, FAA LID: DUT) is a state owned, public use airport in City of Unalaska, on Amaknak Island in the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is located near the Bering Sea coast of Unalaska Island, 800 miles (1,300 km) southwest of Anchorage and 1,950 miles (3,140 km) from Seattle.
The official name of the City of Unalaska's port is Dutch Harbor. That name is also applied to the portion of Unalaska on Amaknak Island, which is located across a bridge from the rest of the city on Unalaska Island. Therefore, the airport is sometimes referred to as Dutch Harbor Airport. In 2002, the State of Alaska renamed it Tom Madsen Airport in honor of Charles Thomas Madsen Sr., a bush pilot who was killed in an airplane accident that year. However, the Federal Aviation Administration still refers to it as Unalaska Airport.Scheduled commercial airline service is provided by PenAir, a code share partner of Alaska Airlines. At one point Alaska Airlines operated Boeing 737-200 Combi jetliners to the airport with these aircraft transporting a combination of passengers and freight on the main deck of the aircraft. However, due to load restrictions as a result of the short runway as well as cancellations due to weather, Alaska Airlines then contracted the service via a code sharing arrangement to PenAir in 2004. PenAir currently operates Saab 340 and Saab 2000 regional turboprop aircraft into the airport. AirPac also previously served the airport with British Aerospace BAe 146-100 jets with this aircraft type having enhanced short runway takeoff and landing performance. The airfield runway is 4,100 feet long which is quite short for jet operations when compared with typical runways normally used by mainline jet aircraft. Other airlines that served the airport in the past included MarkAir operating Boeing 737-200 Combi jet aircraft and Reeve Aleutian Airways flying Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops via a code sharing agreement with Alaska Airlines.As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 28,234 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 26,705 enplanements in 2009, and 26,711 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a primary commercial service airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year).Unalaska City School District
Unalaska City School District (UCSD) is a school district headquartered in Unalaska, Alaska.
There are two schools:
Eagles View Elementary Achigaalux
Unalaska City High SchoolCirca October 1978 the district had 15 teachers and 140 students.Unalaska Island
Unalaska (Aleut: Nawan-Alaxsxa) is an island in the Fox Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in the US state of Alaska located at 53°38′N 167°00′W. The island has a land area of 1,051 square miles (2,720 km2). It measures 79.4 mi (127.8 km) long and 34.7 mi (55.8 km) wide. The city of Unalaska, Alaska, covers part of the island and all of neighboring Amaknak Island where the Port of Dutch Harbor is located. The population of the island excluding Amaknak as of the 2000 census was 1,759 residents.
Unalaska is the second largest island in the Fox Islands group and the Aleutian Islands. The coastline of Unalaska is markedly different in appearance than other major Aleutian Islands, with innumerable inlets and peninsulas. The irregular coastline is broken by three long deep bays, Beaver Inlet, Unalaska Bay, and Makushin Bay, as well as by numerous smaller bays and coves. Unalaska's terrain is rugged and covered with mountains, and during the greater part of the year the higher elevations are covered with snow.Unalaska is the Aleut name for the island. Several theories about its origin exist; the most likely is that the name comes from a corruption of the Russian word Ounalashka from the Aleut word for near the mainland, nawan Alaskax.
|Climate data for Dutch Harbor, Unalaska, Alaska|
|Record high °F (°C)||58
|Average high °F (°C)||36.7
|Daily mean °F (°C)||32.5
|Average low °F (°C)||28.0
|Record low °F (°C)||−8
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||7.28
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||23.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)||21||20||20||17||17||14||13||14||18||23||23||23||223|
Municipalities and communities of Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States