Unai Pass

Unai Pass (el. 3000 m.) is located in the Maidan Wardak Province of Afghanistan. It traverses the Sanglakh Range, an offshoot of the Hindukush, west of Kabul. It is the main road connection of Kabul with Hazarajat.

Unai Pass
Elevation3,000 m (9,843 ft)
LocationMaidan Wardak, Afghanistan
RangeSanglakh Range
Coordinates34°28′01″N 68°19′44″E / 34.467°N 68.329°ECoordinates: 34°28′01″N 68°19′44″E / 34.467°N 68.329°E
Mountain passes of Afghanistan2
Mountain passes of Afghanistan
Afghan snowfinch

The Afghan snowfinch (Pyrgilauda theresae) is a passerine bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, endemic to the northern parts of the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan. There are no major threats to the species despite its restricted range, so it is assessed as least concern on the IUCN Red List. This species is mostly a seed-eater, supplementing its diet with some insects. It builds its nest in the burrows or hollows of ground-dwelling rodents, lined with hair or feathers.

Geography of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country located within South Asia and Central Asia. The country is the 40th largest in the world in size. Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the Kabul Province. Strategically located at the crossroads of major trade routes, Afghanistan has attracted a succession of invaders since the sixth century BCE.The Hindu Kush mountains, running northeast to southwest across the country, divide it into three major regions: 1) the Central Highlands, which account for roughly two thirds of the country's area; 2) the Southwestern Plateau, which accounts for one-fourth of the land; and 3) the smaller Northern Plains area, which contains the country's most fertile soil.

Land elevations generally slope from northeast to southwest, following the general shape of the Hindu Kush massif, from its highest point in the Pamir Mountains near the Chinese border to the lower elevations near the border with Uzbekistan. To the north, west, and southwest there are no mountain barriers to neighboring countries. The northern plains pass into the plains of Turkmenistan. In the west and southwest, the plateaus and deserts merge into those of Iran. Afghanistan is located on the Eurasian Tectonic Plate. The Wakhan Corridor and the rest of northeastern Afghanistan, including Kabul, are situated in a geologically active area. Over a dozen earthquakes occurred there during the twentieth century.

The greater part of the northern border and a small section of the border with Pakistan are marked by rivers; the remaining boundary lines are political rather than natural. The northern frontier extends approximately 1,689 km (1,049 mi) southwestward, from the Pamir Mountains in the northeast to a region of hills and deserts in the west, at the border with Iran. The border with Iran runs generally southward from the Hari River across swamp and desert regions before reaching the northwestern tip of Pakistan. Its southern section crosses the Helmand River.

Afghanistan is bounded by six different countries. Its longest border is the Durand Line, accounting for its entire southern and eastern boundary with Pakistan. The shortest one, bordering China's Xinjiang province, is a mere 76 km (47 mi) at the end of the Wakhan Corridor (the Afghan Panhandle), a narrow sliver of land 241 km (150 mi) long that extends eastward between Tajikistan and Pakistan. At its narrowest point it is only 11 km (7 mi) wide.

The border with Pakistan runs eastward from Iran through the Chagai Hills and the southern end of the Registan Desert, then northward through mountains. It then follows an irregular northeasterly course before reaching the Durand Line, established in 1893. This line continues on through mountainous regions to the Khyber Pass area. Beyond this point it rises to the crest of the Hindu Kush, which it follows eastward to the Pamir Mountains. The Durand Line divides the Pashtun tribes of the region between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Its creation has caused much dissatisfaction among Afghans and has given rise to political tensions between the two countries.

Hajigak Pass

The Hajigak Pass (Hazaragi: حاجیگک‎) (hajji gak "little pilgrim") is situated at a height of 3,700 metres (12,100 ft) above sea-level in the northern part of Maidan Wardak province, connecting it with Bamyan province to the northwest. It is one of the two main routes from Kabul to Bamyan in Hazarajat, leading across the Koh-i-Baba range.

Hazarajat

Hazāristān (Persian: هزارستان‎) or Hazārajāt (هزاره جات) is a mountainous region in the central highlands of Afghanistan, among the Koh-i-Baba mountains in the western extremities of the Hindu Kush. It is the homeland of the Hazara people who make up the majority of its population. "Hazārajāt denotes an ethnic and religious zone rather than a geographical one—that of Afghanistan's Turko-Mongol Shiʿites." Hazarajat is primarily made up of the provinces of Bamyan, Daykundi, Ghor and large parts of Ghazni, Urozgan, Parwan and Wardak. The most populous towns in Hazarajat are Bamyan, Yakawlang (Bamyan), Nili (Daykundi), Lal wa Sarjangal (Ghor), Sang-e-Masha (Ghazni), Gizab (Urozgan) and Behsud (Wardak). The Kabul, Arghandab, Helmand, Farah, Hari, Murghab, Balkh and Kunduz rivers originate in Hazarajat.

The name "Hazarajat" first appears in the 16th-century book Baburnama, written by Mughal Emperor Babur (died 1530). When the famous geographer Ibn Battuta arrived in Afghanistan in 1333, he travelled across the country but did not record any place by the name of Hazarajat or any Hazara people. It was not mentioned by previous geographers, historians, adventurers or invaders either.

Helmand River

The Helmand River (also spelled Helmend, or Helmund, Hirmand; Pashto/Persian: هیرمند / هلمند; Greek: Ἐτύμανδρος (Etýmandros); Latin: Erymandrus) is the longest river in Afghanistan and the primary watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin. This river is possibly the Sarasvati river which is described in the Rig Veda..

Kabul River

The Kabul River (Pashto: د کابل سیند‎; Persian: دریای کابل‎), the classical Cophes , is a 700-kilometre (430 mi) long river that emerges in Maidan Wardak Province in the Sanglakh Range of the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan, and is separated from the watershed of the Helmand River by the Unai Pass. The Kabul River empties into the Indus River near Attock, Pakistan. It is the main river in eastern Afghanistan.

Maidan Wardak Province

Wardak Province (Pashto: د میدان وردگ ولايت‎, Persian: ولایت میدان وردک‎), also called Wardag or simply Wardak, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 567,600. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District. The name of the province is called "Wardak" as stated by the Afghan constitution and IDLG approved documents.

Sanglakh Range

The Sanglakh Range is an offshoot of the Hindukush, just west of Kabul. Its main peak is the Unai; Both the Helmand River and the Kabul River rise in the Sanglakh Range, separated by the Unai Pass.

Shibar Pass

Shibar Pass is situated at a height of 3,000 m above sea-level, connecting Parwan Province with Bamyan Province. It is the longer of the two main routes from Kabul to Bamiyan in Hazarajat. The journey is approximately 6 and half hours long covering around 237 km (147 mi). It was originally designed and built by Ahmad Shah Shairzay and a German engineer between 1933 to 1938.

The route to Bamyan via Unai Pass and Hajigak Pass in Maidan Wardak is shorter and more direct, but also more difficult, rising to 3,700 m, and is not usually preferred in the winters.

Unai

Unai may refer to

Unai (name), a Basque given name

Unai Sahu, a Bania sub-caste people from Uttar Pradesh, India

Unai, Gujarat, famous for hot water springs in Gujarat, India

Unai Pass a mountain pass in Afghanistan

Sites on the island of Saipan in the U.S. Northern Mariana Islands

Unai Achugao Archaeological Site

Unai Dangkulo Petroglyph Site

Unai Lagua Japanese Defense Pillbox, a Japanese fortification

Unai Obyan Latte Site

Unaí, a municipality in Brazil

Sociedade Esportiva Unaí Itapuã, a Brazilian football club based in Unaí

Unaí

This page is about the city in Brazil. For the mountain pass in Hindu Kush, see Unai Pass.Unaí is a municipality in the Northern Region of Minas Gerais, in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, in the Southeast Region of Brazil. It is located 590 km from the capital of Minas Gerais and 164 km from the federal capital. Unaí is the main municipality of its micro-region of the same name and, together with Paracatu, the most important city of the said mesoregion of Minas Gerais. Due to its geopolitical location, because it is geographically and politically linked to Brasilia and politically to Belo Horizonte, the municipality has a strong economic dynamism for a municipality that still carries the typically mineiro custom.

Its population is of 83,448 inhabitants according to estimates of the census of the IBGE of 2016 and is one of the less populous municipalities of the state but with one of the greater commuting migrations daily of the region.

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