Umred

Umred (उमरेड) is a town and a municipal council in the Nagpur district[2] of Maharastra, India.[2] According to the 2001 census the city has a population of 49,573.[3]

Umred

उमरेड
town
Umred is located in Maharashtra
Umred
Umred
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°51′N 79°20′E / 20.85°N 79.33°ECoordinates: 20°51′N 79°20′E / 20.85°N 79.33°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictNagpur
Government
 • APASudhir Parawe
Elevation
292 m (958 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total53,971
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
441203
Telephone code07116
Vehicle registrationMH-40

Geography

Nagpur
Map of Nagpur district with major towns(including Umred) and rivers Aam.

Umred is located at 20° 51' 14N and 17° 19' 29E, at an elevation of 290 meters above sea level.[2] It's STD code is 07116.

Demographics

As of the 2001 India census,[3] Umred had a population of 49,573.[3] Males account for 25,448 residents and females for 24,125.[3] 36,947 of the city's residents are considered literate.

Culture

Umred is the land of the people known as Halba, who are weavers. Their surnames include Nikhare, Parate, Kuhikar, Jangade, Nimje, Ninave, Bokade, Paunikar, Fegade, Nandanwar, and Kumbhare.

Climate

The average number of heat wave days occurring in Umred in the summer months, including March, April, and May, are about 0.5, 2.4, and 7.2 days respectively. May is statistically the hottest month, with 18 days of heat waves in 1973, 1988, and 2010. The summer season is characterized by other severe weather activities like thunderstorms, dust storms, hailstorms, and squalls. Generally, hailstorms occur during March and dust storms during both March and April, but they occur infrequently (0.1 per day). Squalls occur more frequently in March and April with 0.3 occurring per day, rising to 0.8 per day in May.

Administration

There are several people for Administration and Development for this taluka This city administrator by Government of central, state and Corporation.

Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary

Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary, about 58 km from Nagpur, comprises about 180 km2. The sanctuary falls under two divisions, Nagpur Division (Kuhi and Bhiwapur Range) and Bhandara Division (Pauni Range), which are divided along the Maru river that flows close to Bhiwapur and joins the Vainganga River. 150 km2 of forest towards the east of Pauni Nilaj road, provides connectivity to the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve.

The number of species that have been identified in this sanctuary is based on direct sightings, as well as help from tracks and signs, and substantiated by interviewing local people. Tiger, sloth bear, leopard, wild dog, ratel, Indian fox, wolf, jackal, and jungle cat are the main carnivore species found here. Gaur, blue bull, sambar deer, barking deer, wild boars, and spotted deers are the main herbivore species found in the sanctuary. Over the last few years, Umred Karhandla has seen an increase in number of tourists, as it is close to the city and also due to the increase in the number of tiger sightings.

Economy

Western Coalfields Limited has three large open-cast mines close to the town. It is the largest employer in the taluka. The fourth mine is also scheduled to open within a month. The coal production will be enhanced from 2.2 million to 10 million tons-per-year in next five years.

Coal mining

W.C.L Umred is an open cast mine which is the major coal productive mine in this area. The 8 million ton-per-annum Nagpur-Umred coal mines are owned by Western Coalfields Limited, a subsidiary of state-owned Coal India. The mining area is separated into the Umred Makardhokra, Kamptee, and Bokhara coalfields.

Transportation and Communication

Umred has a narrow-gauge rail line connecting to Nagpur district via rail line, which further extends to Bhivapur and Nagbhid. Umred is also connected to Nagpur via State Highway No. 9.

Education facilities

Umred has more than 20 schools and colleges, including engineering colleges and educational institutes such as Modern high school as the leading result producing schools every year. Jeevan Vikas Vidyalaya (boys) and Jeevan Vikas Vanita Vidyalaya (girls) which is one of the good schools. There are also other private schools like New Ideal Girls' High School, Sanskar Vidyasagar, Silver Oak International School, Ashok Vidyalaya, and Nutan Adarsh Mahavidyalaya for primary, secondary and higher education. Some other higher education institutions are Umred College of Engineering, Bhausaheb Mulak College of Pharmacy, Mahatma Fule College of Commerce and Om Polytechnic.

Villages in Umred

Town State Population
Umred Maharashtra 53,971
Name Population
Akola 328
Amboli 857
Amgaon 611
Amghat 387
Aptur 1,717
Barvha 271
Bela 8,734
Belpeth 222
Bendoli 151
Bhapsi 196
Bhivgad 410
Bhiwapur 385
Borgaon 926
Bori Majara 249
Boribhatari 11
Bothali 1,069
Bramhni 1,763
Champa 1,004
Chanoda 1,348
Chargaon 525
Chikhaldhokda 387
Chimanazari 539
Dahegaon 347
Davha 752
Dawalimet 15
Deni 348
Dewli 447
Dhurkheda 1,297
Dighori 48
Dongargaon 144
Dudha 163
Fattepur 10
Fukeshwar 411
Gaosut 907
Ghoturli 1,031
Godhani 401
Haladgaon 564
Heoti 1,541
Hiwara 1,232
Jaitapur 400
Jamgad 121
Jamhalapani 301
Junoni 353
Kachhimet 373
Kalamana 623
Kalamana 942
Kalandri 413
Kanwha 591
Karandla 641
Kawadapur 440
Keslapur 379
Khairi 247
Khairi Bk 335
Khapri 720
Khapri Raja 743
Khedi 113
Khursapar 1,260
Kinhala 722
Kohla 373
Kolarmet 247
Kotgaon 632
Kumbhari 319
Lohara 599
Majri 22
Makardhokada 4,845
Mangli 629
Manori 404
Marajghat 29
Masala 277
Masalkund 16
Matkazari 347
Mendhepathar 19
Mhasala 140
Mohpa 501
Muradpur 303
Murzadi 189
Nandra 270
Nawegaon 1,360
Nirwa 512
Nishanghat 236
Pachgaon 4,434
Paoni 235
Paradgaon 244
Parsodi 601
Pendhari 286
Pendkapur 272
Pipardol 322
Pipla 515
Pipra 2,750
Piraya 442
Piti Chuwha 100
Rajulwadi 374
Saiki 596
Salai 430
Salai Kh. 120
Salaimendha 490
Salairani 748
Sandigondi 240
Sawangi 510
Sawangi 715
Sayeshwar 117
Seo 999
Shedeshwar 1,076
Shirpur 1,172
Sindi Vihari 259
Singori 611
Sirsi 6,139
Sonpuri 491
Sukali Junoni 342
Sukli 54
Surabardi 169
Surgaon 2,401
Tambekhani 266
Telkawadsi 149
Thana 1,114
Thara 20
Thombra 989
Tikhadi 222
Tirkhura 444
Udasa 3,217
Ukadwadi 362
Umra 127
Undari 846
Uti 767
Virli 694
Wadadh 772
Wadegaon 368
Wadgaon 482
Wanoda 696
Wayagaon 5,702
Welsakra 984

References

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=569933
  2. ^ a b c Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Umred
  3. ^ a b c d "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Kuhi

Kuhi is a town and a tehsil in the Umred subdivision of the Nagpur district in Nagpur, India. Kuhi is two town areas. One is Kuhi and other is Bhojapur. It comes under the revenue division of Berar region in the state of Maharashtra.

It is located along the banks of Nag River

List of state highways in Maharashtra

The state highways are arterial routes of a state, linking district headquarters and important towns within the state and connecting them with national highways or highways of the neighbouring states.

Major State Highway 9 (Maharashtra)

Maharashtra Major State Highway 9 (MH MSH 9) is a major state highway that runs south through Nagpur, and Chandrapur districts in the state of Maharashtra. This state highway touches numerous cities and villages VIZ. Nagpur, Umred, Nagbhid, Mul and Chandrapur. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary are along with this highway.

Makardhokada Dam

Makardhokada Dam, is an earthfill dam on Amb river near Umred, Nagpur district in state of Maharashtra in India.

Maru river (Wainganga basin)

Maru river (Marathi: मारू नदी) is a minor river of eastern Vidarbha flowing through Nagpur and Bhandara districts. It flows near Bhiwapur forming a boundary between Nagpur and Bhandara districts for a short distance. Further, it flows to the east of Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary and discharges itself into Gose Khurd Dam on Wainganga river. Maru is a seasonal river running dry in hot seasons, but flows good during monsoon.

It is said that alluvial gold mining is practiced in the basin of Maru river by the locals of Bhiwapur.

Nagpur district

Nagpur district is a district in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state in central India. The city of Nagpur is the district administrative centre. The district is part of Nagpur Division.

Nagpur district is bounded by Bhandara district on the east, Chandrapur district on the southeast, Wardha district on the southwest, Amravati district on the northwest and Chhindwara district of Madhya Pradesh state on the north.

Nagpur division

Nagpur Division is one of six administrative divisions of Maharashtra State in India. Nagpur is the most eastern division in the state, with an administrative headquarters in the city of Nagpur. It covers 51,336 km² (19,821 mi²). The Amravati and Nagpur divisions make up the region of Vidarbha.

National Highway 247 (India)

National Highway 247, commonly referred to as NH 247 is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 47. NH-247 traverses the state of Maharashtra in India.

National Highway 353D (India)

National Highway 353D, commonly called NH 353D is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 53. NH-353D traverses the state of Maharashtra in India.

National Highway 353E (India)

National Highway 353E, commonly called NH 353E is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 53. NH-353E traverses the state of Maharashtra in India.

Pandherbodi Dam

Pandherbodi Dam, is an earthfill dam on local river near Umred, Nagpur district in the state of Maharashtra in India.

Rajendra Mulak

Shri. Rajendra Mulak was a Minister of State for Finance & Planning, Energy, Water Resources, Parliamentary Affairs and State Excise in the chief minister Prithviraj Chavan Government of Maharashtra. He has studied Post Graduation in Commerce and has a Degree in Law. Mulak's constituency Umred that he had represented was declared reserved for scheduled caste seat. But he was elected in 2009 as an Maharashtra Legislative Council MLC.

Ramtek (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Ramtek (Assembly constituency) is one of twelve constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha located in the Nagpur district.

It is a part of the Ramtek (Lok Sabha constituency)(SC) from Nagpur district along with five other assembly constituencies, viz Katol, Hingna, Umred(SC), Kamthi and Savner (Assembly constituency).

Savner (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Savner (Assembly constituency) is one of twelve constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha located in the Nagpur district.

It is a part of the Ramtek (Lok Sabha constituency)(SC) from Nagpur district along with five other assembly constituencies, viz Katol, Hingna, Umred(SC), Kamthi and Ramtek (Assembly constituency).

Sudhir Laxmanrao Parwe

Sudhir Laxmanrao Parwe is a member of the 13th Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. He represents the Umred Assembly Constituency. He belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party Parwe retained the seat he had won in 2009, he belonged to the Bharatiya Janata Party then too.

Tiger reserves of Maharashtra

Maharashtra provides legal protection to its tiger population through six dedicated tiger reserves under the precincts of the National Tiger Conservation Authority under the initiative Project Tiger. These reserves cumulatively cover an estimated area of 9,113km2 which is about 3% of the total state area.

Citing the presence of tigers in two wild-life sanctuaries, environmentalists had put forth a proposal to declare Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary and Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary as tiger reserves. This would result in creation of a tiger corridor for migration of tigers between different reserves to encourage genetic dispersion. As of October 2016, this proposal has been rejected.

Umred (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Umred is one of twelve constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha located in the Nagpur district.

It is a part of the Ramtek (Lok Sabha constituency) (SC) from Nagpur district.

Umred Pauni Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary

Umred-Pauni-Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary, about 58 km from Nagpur and 60 km from Bhandara, is spread over Pauni Tahsil of Bhandara district and Umred, Kuhi and Bhivapur Taluka of Nagpur district. This sanctuary has a connection with Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve through the forest along Wainganga river. The sanctuary is home to resident breeding tigers, herds of Gaur, wild dogs and rare animals like flying squirrels, pangolins and honey badgers.

It is bounded roughly by the Wainganga river and the Gose Khurd Dam on the northeast, State Highway 9 and Bhiwapur Town on the south, Umred on the west and a narrow 10 km long range of 600 – 800 m hills to the northwest. It is located 40 km north of Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve and 50 km southwest of Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary & 60 km from Nagpur, Maharashtra. Pench Tiger Reserve is 80 km to the northwest

The number of tourists is increasing because it is very close to the Umred and Nagpur city. Tigers are commonly seen here by many villages around the sanctuary.

Vidarbha

Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division. Amravati division's former name is Berar (Varhad in Marathi). It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra. It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south and Marathwada and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west. Situated in central India, Vidarbha has its own rich cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.The Nagpur region is known for growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra's mineral resources and three-quarters of its forest resources, and is a net producer of power. Vidarbha region contains Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary. Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the only one to straddle across two states: Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Throughout its history, Vidarbha has remained much calmer than the rest of India, especially during the communal troubles. However there is considerable poverty and malnutrition. It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra. The living conditions of farmers in this region are poor compared to India as a whole. There have been more than 200,000 farmers' suicides in Maharashtra in a decade, of which 70% being in the 11 districts of Vidarbha region.There have been recent calls for a separate state of Vidarbha, due to perceived neglect from the Government of Maharashtra and incompetent political leadership in Vidarbha. Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region has mostly remained underdeveloped because of the continuous dominance of political leadership from the other parts of the state, especially Western Maharashtra. Being culturally, politically and financially distinct from the rest of Maharashtra, the calls for a separate state rose to prominence only when the leaders from this region were sidelined by other political leaders in recent years. Statehood demands have not been fulfilled mainly due to the opposition from the Shiv Sena, a major state political party.

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