An ultramarathon, also called ultra distance or ultra running, is any footrace longer than the traditional marathon length of 42.195 kilometres (26.219 mi).
Ultramarathoners compete at the Sahara Race 2011 (4 Deserts).
|Highest governing body||IAAF|
There are two types of ultramarathon events: those that cover a specified distance, and events that take place during time (with the winner covering the most distance in that time). The most common distances are 50 kilometres (31.069 mi), 100 kilometres (62.137 mi), 50 miles (80.4672 km), and 100 miles (160.9344 km), although many races have other distances. The 100 kilometers is recognized as an official world record event by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), the world governing body of track and field.
Other distances/times include double marathons, 24-hour races, and multiday races of 1,000 miles (1,600 km) or even longer. The format of these events and the courses vary, ranging from single loops (some as short as a 400-metre (1,300 ft) track), to point-to-point road or trail races, to cross-country rogaines. Many ultramarathons, especially trail challenges, have severe course obstacles, such as inclement weather, elevation change, or rugged terrain. Many of these races are run on dirt roads or mountain paths, though some are run on paved roads as well. Usually, there are aid stations every 20 to 35 kilometres (12 to 22 mi) apart, where runners can replenish food and drink supplies or take a short break. Timed events range from 6, 12, and 24 hours to 3, 6, and 10 days (known as multi-day or "stage race" events). Timed events are generally run on a track or a short road course, often one mile (1.6 km) or less.
Considered to be a tougher event are self-supported ultramarathon stage races where each competitor has to carry all their supplies including food to survive the length of the race, typically a week. A good example of this is the Grand to Grand Ultra, America's first ever self-supported ultramarathon stage race.
The International Association of Ultrarunners (IAU) organises the World Championships for various ultramarathon distances, including 50 kilometres (31 mi), 100 kilometres (62 mi), 24 hours, and ultra trail running, which are also recognized by the IAAF. Many countries around the world have their own ultrarunning organizations, often the national athletics federation of that country, or are sanctioned by such national athletics organizations. World records for distances, times, and ages are tracked by the IAU.
Racewalking events are usually 50 km, although 100 km and 100 mile (160 km) "Centurion" races are also organized. Furthermore, the non-competitive International Marching League event Nijmegen Four Days March has a regulation distance of 4 × 50 km over three days for men aged 19–49.
|50 km||Road||2:43:38||Thompson Magawana (RSA)||12 April 1988||Claremont, South Africa|||
|50 km||Track||2:48:06||Jeff Norman (GBR)||7 June 1980||Timperley, United Kingdom|||
|100 km||Road||6:09:14||Nao Kazami (JPN)||24 June 2018||Yubetsu-Saroma-Tokoro, Japan|||
|100 km||Track||6:10:20||Donald Ritchie (GBR)||28 Oct 1978||London, United Kingdom|||
|100 miles||Road||11:46:37||Yiannis Kouros (GRE)||7-8 Nov 1984||Queens, New York, USA|||
|100 miles||Track||11:28:03||Oleg Kharitonov (RUS)||20 Oct 2002||London, United Kingdom|||
|100 miles||Indoor||12:56:13||Donald Ritchie (GBR)||3-4 Feb 1990||Milton Keynes, United Kingdom|||
|6H||Road||92.188 km||Tomasz Chawawko (POL)||7 Mar 2004||Stein, Netherland|||
|6H||Track||97.200 km||Donald Ritchie (GBR)||28 Oct 1978||London, United Kingdom|||
|6H||Indoor||93.247 km||Denis Zhalybin (RUS)||7-8 Feb 2003||Moscow, Russia|||
|12H||Road||162.543 km||Yiannis Kouros (GRE)||7 Nov 1984||New York City, USA|||
|12H||Track||163.600 km||Zach Bitter (USA)||14 Dec 2013||Phoenix, USA|||
|12H||Indoor||146.296 km||Ryoichi Sekiya (JPN)||11 Feb 2007||Lohja Citymarket, Finland|||
|24H||Road||290.221 km||Yiannis Kouros (GRE)||2–3 May 1998||Basel, Switzerland|||
|24H||Track||303.506 km||Yiannis Kouros (GRE)||4-5 Oct 1997||Adelaide, Australia|||
|24H||Indoor||257.576 km||Nikolai Safin (RUS)||27-28 Feb 1993||Podolsk, Russia|||
|48H||Road||433.095 km||Yiannis Kouros (GRE)||2–3 May 1998||Basel, Switzerland|||
|48H||Track||473.495 km||Yiannis Kouros (GRE)||3–5 May 1996||Surgeres, France|||
|48H||Indoor||426.178 km||Tony Mangan (IRL)||16 Mar 2007||Brno, Czech Republic|||
|50 km||Road||3:08:39||Frith van der Merwe (RSA)||25 March 1989||Claremont, South Africa|||
|50 km||Track||3:18:52||Carolyn Hunter-Rowe (GBR)||3 March 1996||Barry, Wales United Kingdom|||
|50 Miles||Road||5:38:41||Camille Herron (USA)||24 October 2015||Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, USA|||
|50 Miles||Track||5:48:12||Norimi Sakurai (JPN)||28 September 2003||San Giovanni Lupatoto, Italy|||
|100 km||Road||6:33:11||Tomoe Abe (JPN)||25 June 2000||Yubetsu-Saroma-Tokoro, Japan|||
|100 km||Track||7:14:06||Norimi Sakurai (JPN)||27 Sept 2003||San Giovanni Lupatoto, Italy|||
|100 miles||Road||12:42:40||Camille Herron (USA)||11 Nov 2017||Vienna, IL, USA|||
|100 miles||Track||13:25:00||Camille Herron (USA)||8-9 Dec 2018||Phoenix, USA|||
|100 miles||Indoor||14:43:40||Eleanor Robinson (GBR)||3-4 Feb 1990||Milton Keynes, United Kingdom|||
|6H||Road||85.492 km||Nele Alder-Baerens (GER)||11 March 2017||Münster, Germany|||
|6H||Track||83.200 km||Norimi Sakurai (JPN)||27 Sept 2003||San Giovanni Lupatoto, Italy|||
|6H||Indoor||80.600 km||Marina Bychkova (RUS)||7-8 Feb 2003||Moscow, Russia|||
|12H||Road||144.840 km||Ann Trason (USA)||4 May 1991||Queens, New York, USA|||
|12H||Track||149.130 km||Camille Herron (USA)||9-10 Dec 2017||Phoenix, Arizona, USA|||
|12H||Indoor||135.799 km||Sumie Inagaki (JPN)||11 Feb 2007||Lohja Citymarket, Finland|||
|24H||Road||259.991 km||Patrycja Bereznowska (POL)||1-2 July 2017||Belfast, UK|||
|24H||Track||262.1927 km||Camille Herron (USA)||8-9 Dec 2018||Phoenix, Arizona, USA|||
|24H||Indoor||240.631 km||Sumie Inagaki (JPN)||29-30 Jan 2011||Espoo, Finland|||
|48H||Road||401.000 km||Patrycja Bereznowska (POL)||26-28 Jan 2018||Athens, Greece|||
|48H||Track||397.103 km||Sumie Inagaki (JPN)||21–23 May 2010||Surgeres, France|||
|48H||Indoor||390.024 km||Traci Falbo (USA)||4-6 Aug 2014||Anchorage, USA|||
|Year||Location||Champion (m)||Champion (f)|
|1987||Torhout||Domingo Catalán (ESP)||Agnes Eberle (SUI)|
|1988||Santander||Domingo Catalán (ESP)||Ann Trason (USA)|
|1989||Rambouillet||Bruno Scelsi (FRA)||Katherina Janicke (FRG)|
|1990||Duluth||Roland Vuillemenot (FRA)||Eleanor Adams (GBR)|
|1991||Faenza||Valmir Nunes (BRA)||Eleanor Adams (GBR)|
|1992||Palamós||Konstantin Santalov (RUS)||Nurzia Bagmanova (RUS)|
|1993||Torhout||Konstantin Santalov (RUS)||Carolyn Hunter-Rowe (GBR)|
|1994||Yubetsu/Saroma/Tokoro||Aleksey Volgin (RUS)||Valentina Shatyeyeva (RUS)|
|1995||Winschoten||Valmir Nunes (BRA)||Ann Trason (USA)|
|1996||Moscow||Konstantin Santalov (RUS)||Valentina Shatyeyeva (RUS)|
|1997||Winschoten||Sergey Yanenko (UKR)||Valentina Lyakhova (RUS)|
|1998||Shimanto||Grigoriy Murzin (RUS)||Carolyn Hunter-Rowe (GBR)|
|1999||Chavagnes-en-Paillers||Simon Pride (GBR)||Anna Balosáková (SVK)|
|2000||Winschoten||Pascal Fétizon (FRA)||Edit Bérces (HUN)|
|2001||Cléder||Yasufumi Mikami (JPN)||Yelvira Kolpakova (RUS)|
|2002||Torhout||Mario Fattore (ITA)||Tatyana Zhyrkova (RUS)|
|2003||Tainan||Mario Fattore (ITA)||Monica Casiraghi (ITA)|
|2004||Winschoten||Mario Ardemagni (ITA)||Tatyana Zhyrkova (RUS)|
|2005||Yubetsu/Saroma/Tokoro||Grigoriy Murzin (RUS)||Hiroko Sho (JPN)|
|2006||Misari||Yannick Djouadi (FRA)||Elizabeth Hawker (GBR)|
|2007||Winschoten||Shinichi Watanabe (JPN)||Norimi Sakurai (JPN)|
|2008||Rome||Giorgio Calcaterra (ITA)||Tatyana Zhyrkova (RUS)|
|2009||Torhout||Yasukazu Miyazato (JPN)||Kami Semick (USA)|
|2010||Gibraltar||Shinji Nakadai (JPN)||Ellie Greenwood (GBR)|
|2011||Winschoten||Giorgio Calcaterra (ITA)||Marina Bychkova (RUS)|
|2012||Seregno||Giorgio Calcaterra (ITA)||Amy Sproston (USA)|
|2014||Doha||Max King (USA)||Ellie Greenwood (GBR)|
|2015||Winschoten||Jonas Buud (SWE)||Camille Herron (USA)|
|2016||Los Alcázares||Hideaki Yamauchi (JPN)||Kirstin Bull (AUS)|
|2018||Sveti Martin na Muri||Hideaki Yamauchi (JPN)||Nikolina Šustić (CRO)|
The following is a list of world or national-record holding, or world-championship-winning, ultramarathon runners. For reliable and updated information, see the IAU (International Association of Ultrarunners) annual report of current world records on its newest "World's Best Performances" page in statistics.
Ultra Marathons are run around the world with more than 70,000 people completing them every year.
Several ultra distance events are held in Africa.
Australia and New Zealand are hosts to some 100 organized ultramarathons each year. Additionally a handful of runners have run the entire length of New Zealand, a distance of around 2,200 kilometres (1,400 mi). The most recent runners being Lisa Tamati and Andrew Hedgman who both completed the challenge separately in 2009 and 2010.
In Australia, the Westfield Ultra Marathon was an annual race between Sydney and Melbourne contested between 1983 and 1991. Greek runner Yiannis Kouros won the event five times during that period. Australia is also the home of one of the oldest six-day races in the world, the Cliff Young Australian 6-day race, held in Colac, Victoria. The race is held on a 400-meter circuit at the Memorial Square in the centre of Colac, and has seen many close races since its inception in 1984. The 20th Cliff Young Australian six-day race was held between 20 and 26 November 2005. During that event, Kouros beat his existing world record six-day track mark and set a new mark of 1,036.851 kilometres (644.269 mi). The Coast to Kosciuszko inaugurated in 2004, is a 246-kilometre (153 mi) marathon from the coast to the top of Mount Kosciuszko, Australia's highest mountain.
Australia has seen a steep growth in Ultrarunning events and participants in recent years. Many new races have come into inception, covering a range of Ultramarathon distances from 50 km right through to multi-day events. The cornerstone of Australian Ultra events being such races as; Ultra-Trail Australia 100, Bogong To Hotham, Alpine Challenge, and the Cradle Mountain Run. The Australian Ultra Runners Association (AURA) has a comprehensive list and links of events and their respective results.
In 2018 two Australians became the 7th (Thomas Cripps) and 8th (Roger Box) people to be admitted to the Official 7 Continents Ultramarathon Club.
New Zealand New Zealand's first ultramarathon called The Kepler Challenge was held on a 60 kilometres (37 mi) trail through Fiordland National Park, which has been running since 1988 and is one of the country's most popular races. New Zealand's Northburn 100 ultra mountain run is the first 100-mile (160 km) race through the Northburn Station. The world-famous Te Houtaewa Challenge has a 62 km race on ninety mile beach, Northland. The field of international and local runners have to contend with rising tides and soft beach sand and the March race dates often means the race is run in the cyclone season. In 2014 the ultramarathon was postponed because of Cyclone Lucy. In 2016 the race will be in its jubilee and the 25th anniversary will see many of its past runners compete for the honour of the ultimate challenge winner. The Tarawera Ultramarathon is currently one of the most competitive ultras in New Zealand and part of the Ultra-Trail World Tour.
In November 2012, Kim Allan planned to run and/or walk 500 kilometres (310 mi) nonstop, without sleep, on the Sri Chinmoy Peace Mile track at the Auckland Domain. Her aim was to beat ultrarunner Pam Reed's record of 300 miles (480 km). According to her Facebook page, she only managed 385.8 kilometres (239.7 mi). She eventually passed the 500 kilometre mark at 86 hours, 11 minutes, and 9 seconds, breaking the 486 kilometres (302 mi) women's record.
Ultramarathon running in New Zealand has a national body: the New Zealand Ultrarunners Association.
In Europe, ultrarunning can trace its origins with early documentation of ultrarunners from Icelandic sagas, or ancient Greece from where the idea of the Marathon, and the Spartathlon comes. The history of ultrarunners and walkers in the UK from the Victorian Era has also been documented. The IAU hosts annual European Championships for the 50 km, 100 km and 24 hours. The European Ultramarathon Cup is an annual cup event covering some of the biggest Ultramarathon races in Europe. Also worth mentioning is the ultramarathon CajaMar Tenerife Bluetrail, the highest race in Spain and second in Europe, with the participation of several countries and great international repercussions.
There are over 300 ultramarathons held in Europe each year,. This includes the Harz Run in the Harz Mountains, the Irish Connemarathon, the British Bob Graham Round, Spine Race and Welsh Dragon's Back which covers 315 km with 15,500m of height gain.
Due to logistics and environmental concerns there are only a handful of ultramarathons held in Antarctica, and travel costs can mean entrance fees as high as $14,000. Ultramarathons in Antarctica include: The Last Desert, part of the 4 Deserts Race Series, a multi-stage footrace, and the Antarctic Ice Marathon – a marathon and 100-kilometer race.
There are several hundred ultramarathons held annually in North America. One of the best known is the Western States Endurance Run, the world's oldest 100-mile trail run. The race began unofficially in 1974, when local horseman Gordy Ainsleigh's horse for the 100-mile Tevis Cup horse race came up lame. He decided to travel the course on foot, finishing in 23 hours and 42 minutes.
One of the first documented ultramarathons in North America was held in 1926, and at the time was part of the Central American Games. Tomas Zafiro and Leoncio San Miguel, both Tarahumara Indians, ran 100 km from Pachuca to Mexico City in 9 hours and 37 minutes. At the time, the Mexican government petitioned to include a 100 km race in the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam; however, nothing came of these efforts.
In 1928, sports agent C. C. Pyle organized the first of two editions of the 3,455-mile-long Bunion Derby (the first went along U.S. Route 66 from Los Angeles to Chicago before heading toward New York; the 1929 Derby reversed the route). Neither the race nor the accompanying vaudeville show was a financial success.
Since 1997, runners have been competing in the Self-Transcendence 3100 Mile Race, which is billed as the longest official footrace in the world. They run 100 laps a day for up to 50 days around a single block in Queens, NY, for a total distance of 3,100 miles (5,000 km). The current recordholder is Ashprihanal Pekka Aalto, at 40 days 09:06:21 for a daily average of 76.776 miles (123.559 km) in 2015.
In April 2006, the American Ultrarunning Hall of Fame was established by the American Ultrarunning Association (AUA). Candidates for the Hall of Fame are chosen from the 'modern era' of American ultras, beginning with the New York Road Runners Club 30 Mile race held in 1958. The Inaugural inductees were Ted Corbitt, a former US Olympian, winner of the aforementioned race in 3:04:13, and co-founder of the Road Runners Club of America, and Sandra Kiddy, who began her ultra career at age 42 with a world record at 50 kilometers, 3:36:56, and who went on to set a number of US and world ultra records.
There are a small number of ultramarathons in South America, but participation in the sport is increasing. The Brazil 135 Ultramarathon is a single-stage race of 135 miles ( 217 km) with a 60-hour cutoff, held in Brazil. This is a Badwater "sister race". Several ultramarathons are held in Chile and with both local and international participation. Ultramarathons held in Chile include:
There are several UltraMarathon races in Argentina.
La Mision has been going on for almost 15 years. There are different editions , one in Villa La Angostura in Patagonia with 3 distances. 110 km with cumulative altitude gain of about 4500m, 160 km with cumulative altitude gain of about 8000m and 200 km with cumulative altitude gain of about 9000m. There is other edition of the race (Short & Half) in Villa San Javier, Cordoba with 2 distances, 35k and 70k.
In April 2019 for the 1st time UTMB took place in Ushuaia (Ushuaia by UTMB) A very tough race facing the wild Patagonia weather with 4 different distances, 35k, 50k, 70k and 130k. The race brings together in one competition all the landscapes and geographies of the southern Andes (forests, rocky terrains, mountains, hills, glaciers, lakes, rivers and wetlands, among others) The race has a technical, non-stop format and is ruled by the principle of semi-autonomy.
Cerro Champaqui in Cordoba is the landscape of different races. Champa Ultra Race with 5 different distances, 8k / 18k / 26k / 42k and 62k. Also the UTACCH – Ultra Amanecer Comechingón with 7 different distances, 16k, 26k, 42k, and 4 ultras of 55k, 70k , 110k and 100 miles.
Other races are Tandil Ultra Trail - Tandil, with 10k, 30k and 50k distances; Iberá Trail Run at the beautiful Iberá Wetlands, with 10k, 28k and 50k; Yaboty Ultra Maratón at El Soberbio (Misiones Province) with 4 distances 12k, 21k, 35 k and 70k; Ultra Trail Pacha Mama, Tilcara - Jujuy, with 5 distances 21k, 35k, 55k, 80k and 110 K and XTREME RACE - Huerta Grande, with 4 distances 15km, 30km, 50km and 80km.
Many ultramarathon organizers are members of the International Trail Running Association (ITRA), an organization which promotes values, diversity, health and safety during races, as well as working to further the development of trail running and helps to coordinate between the national and international bodies with an interest in the sport. ITRA also evaluates of the difficulty of specific ultramarathon routes according to a number of criteria, such as the distance, the cumulative elevation gain, and the number of loops and stages. ITRA maintains a calendar of ultramarathon events.
Alberico Di Cecco (born 19 April 1974) is an Italian long-distance runner who specializes in the marathon race.Amy Palmiero-Winters
Amy Palmiero-Winters (born August 18, 1972) is a below-knee amputee who currently holds eleven world records in various events. In 2010, she was awarded the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States and the ESPN ESPY Award as the top female athlete with a disability in the world.Badwater Ultramarathon
The Badwater Ultramarathon describes itself as "the world's toughest foot race". It is a 135-mile (217 km) course starting at 279 feet (85 m) below sea level in the Badwater Basin, in California's Death Valley, and ending at an elevation of 8360 feet (2548 m) at Whitney Portal, the trailhead to Mount Whitney. It takes place annually in mid-July, when the weather conditions are most extreme and temperatures can reach 130 °F (54 °C). Consequently, very few people—even among ultramarathoners—are capable of finishing this grueling race.Cliff Young (athlete)
Albert Ernest Clifford Young, OAM (8 February 1922 – 2 November 2003) was an Australian potato farmer and athlete from Beech Forest, Victoria, best known for his unexpected win of the inaugural Sydney to Melbourne Ultramarathon in 1983 at 61 years of age.David Goggins
David Goggins (born February 17, 1975) is an American ultramarathon runner, ultra-distance cyclist, triathlete, motivational speaker and author. He is a retired United States Navy SEAL and former United States Air Force Tactical Air Control Party member who served in the War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War. He is a former world record holder for the most pull-ups done in 24 hours. His self-help memoir, Can't Hurt Me, was released in 2018.Dean Karnazes
Dean Karnazes (English: car-NEH-zis; born Constantine Karnazes; August 23, 1962), is an American ultramarathon runner, and author of Ultramarathon Man: Confessions of an All-Night Runner, which details ultra endurance running for the general public.Eleanor Robinson
Eleanor Robinson (formerly Adams, née Puckrin 20 November 1947) is a British former ultramarathon runner and two-time winner of the IAU 100km World Championships. She was the first woman to run over 150 miles in a 24-hour endurance race. She was the winner of the first Badwater Ultramarathon in 1987. She was twice bronze medallist at the IAU 100 km European Championships (1992, 1993).Ellie Greenwood
Ellie Greenwood (born 14 March 1979) is a British ultramarathon runner. She began her ultra career in 2008 and is a two-time 100km World Champion, winning the title in 2010 and 2014. She holds numerous course records, including those for the Western States 100, the Canadian Death Race, the JFK 50 Mile Run and the Knee Knackering North Shore Trail Run. She is the first British woman to win the 90 km Comrades Marathon in South Africa.
Greenwood was born in Dundee, Scotland, and spent most of her childhood in England. She moved to Canada after graduating from university to work for a ski tour operator and is now based in Vancouver.International Association of Ultrarunners
The International Association of Ultrarunners (IAU) is the world governing body of ultra running, race events longer than the marathon distance of 42.2km. It regulates and sanctions the World Championships for various ultramarathon distances, and tracks world records in ultra distance races approved by IAU. IAU operates under the patronage of the IAAF and follows IAAF rules.James Heilman
James M. Heilman (born 1979/1980) is a Canadian emergency physician, Wikipedian, and advocate for the improvement of Wikipedia's health-related content. He encourages other clinicians to contribute to the online encyclopedia.With the Wikipedia username Doc James, Heilman is an active contributor to WikiProject Medicine, and a volunteer Wikipedia administrator. He was the president of Wikimedia Canada between 2010 and 2013, and founded and was formerly the president of Wiki Project Med Foundation. He is also the founder of WikiProject Medicine's Medicine Translation Task Force. In June 2015, he was elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, a position which he held until he was removed on December 28, 2015. Heilman was re-elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees in May 2017.Heilman is a clinical assistant professor at the department of emergency medicine at the University of British Columbia, and the head of the department of emergency medicine at East Kootenay Regional Hospital in Cranbrook, British Columbia, where he lives.Judit Földing-Nagy
Judit Földing-Nagy (in Hungary: Földingné Nagy Judit, born 9 December 1965) is a Hungarian runner who specializes in the marathon. She was born in Győr, Győr-Moson-Sopron. She is the current Hungarian record-holder in marathon. She was a bronze medallist at the IAU 100 km European Championships in 2012.Mirko Vindiš
Miroslavo ("Mirko") Vindiš (born 8 November 1963 in Ptuj) is a retired long-distance runner from Slovenia, who won the 1988 edition of the Vienna Marathon. He represented Yugoslavia (1988) and Slovenia (1992) in the men's marathon at the Summer Olympics. Vindiš set his personal best of 2:13:39 on 1 November 1987 at the New York Marathon. He also represented Yugoslavia and Slovenia in the marathon at the World Championships in Athletics.He also ran ultramarathons and was the bronze medallist at the IAU 100 km European Championships in 2001.Mníšek pod Brdy
Mníšek pod Brdy (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmɲiːʃɛk ˈpodbr̩dɪ]) is a town south west of Prague in the Czech Republic, in Central Bohemian Region. It hosts an annual cross-country Ultramarathon of 50 km length, which is part of the European Ultramarathon Cup. The town is part of the Prague metropolitan area.Skyrunning
Skyrunning is an extreme sport of mountain running above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) where the incline exceeds 30% and the climbing difficulty does not exceed II° grade. The governing body is the International Skyrunning Federation. The sport comprises a number of different disciplines from the short, steep Vertical Kilometer to the more popular SkyRace and SkyMarathon. Ultra SkyMarathons are becoming increasingly popular as are short vertical SkySpeed races which include skyscraper racing.Ted Corbitt
Ted Corbitt (January 31, 1919 – December 12, 2007) was an American long-distance runner and an official of running organizations. Corbitt is often called "the father of long distance running." He was an ultramarathon pioneer, helping to revive interest in the sport in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s. New York Times columnist Robert Lipsyte called Corbitt a "spiritual elder of the modern running clan". In a Runner's World feature honoring lifetime achievement, writer Gail Kislevitz called Corbitt a "symbol of durability and longevity".Corbitt also developed standards to accurately measure courses and certify races. The technique involved the use of a calibrated bicycle and has been adopted worldwide.Tomoe Abe
Tomoe Abe (Japanese: 安部友恵, Abe Tomoe; born 13 August 1971 in Kitsuki, Ōita) is a retired Japanese ultramarathon and marathon runner who won the bronze medal in the marathon at the 1993 World Championships with a time of 2:31:01. Her personal best time is 2:26:09, achieved when she won the 1994 Osaka Ladies' Marathon.
She is the female world record holder in the ultramarathon of 100 kilometres with a time of 6:33:11, which was set on June 25, 2000 at the Lake Saroma Ultramarathon, an official IAAF(International Association of Athletics Federations) race held annually in Hokkaido, Japan.Vladimir Kotov
Vladimir Kotov (Belarusian: Уладзімір Котаў; born February 21, 1958 in Dolzha, Vitebsk) is a Belarus-born South African long distance runner, who competed for the Soviet Union at the marathon of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. There he finished in fourth place, thirty seconds behind countryman and bronze medalist Setymkul Dzhumanazarov. Kotov has a very long career in athletics, during which he won the Eindhoven Marathon for instance, on October 13, 1991, and the Belgrade Marathon on April 22, 1995. He now lives in South Africa, where he is known for winning the Comrades Marathon three times (2000, 2002, 2004), setting the "Up Run" record in 2000. He finished 13th in the 2010 Comrades Marathon.Yiannis Kouros
Yiannis Kouros (Greek: Γιάννης Κούρος; born February 13, 1956 in Tripoli, Greece) is a Greek ultramarathon runner based in Melbourne. He is sometimes called the "Running God" or "Pheidippides' Successor". He holds many men's outdoor road world records from 100 to 1,000 miles and many road and track records from 12 hours to 6 days. In 1991, he starred as Pheidippides in the movie The Story of the Marathon: A Hero's Journey, which chronicles the history of marathon running.
Kouros came to prominence when he won the Spartathlon in 1984 in record time and the Sydney to Melbourne Ultramarathon in 1985 in a record time of 5 days, 5 hours, 7 minutes and 6 seconds. He beat the previous record held by Cliff Young.Kouros says that his secret is that "when other people get tired, they stop. I don't. I take over my body with my mind. I tell it that it's not tired and it listens."
Kouros has also written over 1,000 poems, several of which appear in his books Symblegmata (Clusters) and The Six-Day Run of the Century.Yuki Kawauchi
Yuki Kawauchi (川内優輝, Kawauchi Yūki, born 5 March 1987) is a Japanese marathon runner. He came to prominence after running the 2011 Tokyo Marathon in 2:08:37, finishing as the first Japanese and third overall. He is known as the "citizen runner" given that he works full-time for the government of Saitama Prefecture and trains in his time off with his own expenses without any sponsorship.Kawauchi is a frequent competitor, entering many races each year (averaging a marathon per month) ranging in distance from the 1500 m to the 50 km ultramarathon. Among his better performances are victories at the Boston Marathon, the Hokkaido Marathon and the Beppu-Ōita Marathon and top-three finishes at the Tokyo Marathon and Fukuoka Marathon (the two most important marathons in Japan). His personal best for the distance is 2:08:14 (Seoul 2013).
In spite of being an amateur, he has represented Japan internationally at the World Championships in Athletics and the IAAF World Half Marathon Championships. He has two younger brothers, Yoshiki and Koki Kawauchi, who are also marathon runners.
Current Olympic events shown in italics