Ullal

Ullal (Tulu: ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ, Kannada: ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ Uḷḷāla, Beary dialect: ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ, Konkani language: ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ) is a City Municipality at Mangalore, educational, commercial & industrial hub in Dakshina Kannada district. It is located 18kms from the Mangalore City centre. Ullal City Municipality along with the Mangalore City Corporation forms the continuous Mangalore urban agglomeration area which is currently the second biggest in Karnataka after Bangalore. There is also a planning to merge Ullal City Municipality & some gram panchayats along with Mangalore City Corporation to form the Greater Mangalore region. Ullal is one of the oldest towns in India. In the 15th century it came under the rule of the Portuguese. Still the remains of its glorious history can be seen in the beaches and other parts of Ullal.[1]

It is a town about 8–10 km south of Pumpwell, a major junction in Mangalore & close to the border between the two southern states of Karnataka and Kerala. The Mangalore International Airport is 24 km away from Ullal. It comprises two revenue divisions, Ullal and Permannur, in Mangalore Taluk. Ullal is adjacent to City Corporation of Mangalore, 10 km from District headquarters - Mangalore. It is the part of the Mangalore urban agglomeration area. It is developing rapidly with many premium educational institutes and commercial centres. Most of the people in Ullal belong to either Beary or Mogaveera ethnic group.

It is very famous for historic locations like Sayyid Muhammad Shareeful Madani Darga, Sri Cheerumba Bagavathi Temple, Someshwara Temple, Someshwar Beach, Kadapara jara Darga, Summer Sands Beach Resort, Queen Abbakka Chowta's Fort at Ranipura, K Pandyarajah Ballal Institutes and college of nursing, St. Sebastian Church Permannur, Sayyid Madani Institutions, Fish Meal & Oil Plant, and Queen Abbakka's Jain temple at Melangadi.

This quaint little sea town on the shore of Arabian Sea was the setting for wide-scale sea-erosion that occurred in the late 1990s and early this millennium. The local authorities, however, have tried to reduce the damage by placing sand bags near the advancing coastline, the benefits of this step are yet to be noted.[2] Adjacent to summer sands beach resort is subhash nagar. The remains of Rani Abbakka's fort can be seen in the vicinity of Someshwara Temple.

Ullal is the first "Kerosene Free"[3] city in the state of Karnataka

This town is an important trading centre for fish and fish manure. Fishing and Beedi rolling are main occupations of the residents of this town.

Ullal

ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ

ಉಳ್ಳಾಲ
City / ನಗರ
Ullal Abbakkadevi Circle
Ullal Abbakkadevi Circle
Ullal is located in Karnataka
Ullal
Ullal
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 12°47′47″N 74°49′35″E / 12.7964°N 74.8264°ECoordinates: 12°47′47″N 74°49′35″E / 12.7964°N 74.8264°E
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictDakshina Kannada
TalukMangalore
Government
 • TypeCity Municipal Council (ನಗರಸಭೆ)
 • BodyUllal City Municipal Council
 • Council PresidentK.Hussain Alias Kunhimonu
Area
 • Total11.8 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total53,808
 • Density4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
 • OtherBeary, Tulu, Malayalam, Konkani, Kannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
575020
Vehicle registrationKA 19
Length of Roads268.97km
Number of Wards27
Total Water Supply4.57 MLD
Per Capita Water Supply85 LPCD
Number of Properties15127
Lok Sabha constituencyDakshina Kannada (Lok Sabha constituency)
Vidhan Sabha constituencyMangalore (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Literacy92.87%
Websitewww.ullalcity.mrc.gov.in

History

Ullal Bridge Mangalore
Ullal Bridge Mangalore

This town was the subsidiary capital of the Chowta rulers and was ruled by Jain Queen, Abbakka Chowta in the middle of the 16th century.

Abbakka Chowta of Ullal can perhaps be proclaimed the first promoter of women’s liberation. A regular firebrand, the people of Ullal look upon her with much pride. A Jain princess of 16th century, she came to the throne on the death of her sister. She was married to the King of Mangalore, but the marriage was not a success. In a few years the couple was estranged with the queen returning to her beloved Ullal. The reason for the grouse was, the queen was averse to the payment of subsidy demanded by the Portuguese. While her husband continued to be subservient to them, the queen was openly rebellious. Relations between the royal couple steadily worsened and finally ended with divorce, with the queen returning all the jewels to her ex-husband. War was declared and the queen was captured while on a sailing expedition on the Nethravathi. Taken prisoner she was presented before her husband. However, on this one occasion the queen thought discretion the better part of valour and with all her womanly charms got the Banga Arasa (King) to set her free and return all her lands to her. The Raja went so far as to avow his eternal friendship to her. But hardly had she reached the precincts of her own kingdom then she vowed to wage war on her husband once more.

For this she sought the help of the powerful Raja of Bednore. The Banga Raja had meanwhile enlisted the help of the Portuguese to subjugate his wife. The Raja of Bednore being an opportunist was only too ready to enter the fray. The Banga-Portuguese alliance was defeated with the Banga Fort razed to the ground. The queen had to part with the fertile tract of land at Berdatte to the Bednore King for his support.

Having successfully defeated her husband, the queen now turned her attention to the Portuguese with whom she maintained her unconciliatory attitude. Several punitive expeditions were sent against her, which she repulsed successfully with the help of the Zamorin of Calicut. Another expedition sent under João Peixoto in 1566 ended in disaster for the Portuguese. The queen along with Chennappa Mogaveera (Gurikara) as commander-in-chief and Mogaveera warriors she surrounded the Portuguese frigate at night. She took them by surprise and inflicted a crushing defeat on them. Incensed by the defeat made all the more insulting at the hands of a woman, the Portuguese sent a veritable armada under the leadership of the Portuguese Governor himself. While the queen met with initial success, she was betrayed, so some say, by her own people for a casket of silver. However, the army of the queen was thoroughly outnumbered. What ensured was a bloody massacre with the queen escaping to the hills, a fugitive. Another version has it that the queen had killed herself rather than give herself up to the enemy which really seems more in keeping with her character.

Pietro Della Valle, a renowned traveller and historian of the 16th century, seems to have been fascinated by her. Her militant nature aroused his interest and he made several attempts to meet her. His efforts finally met with success when he accidentally came across her in the bazaar. His foreign mein and dress elicited her interest and with the aid of an interpreter, courtesies were exchanged and an invitation issued to visit the royal palace.

Della Valle was enamoured of "her perfect dignity, handsome feature and exemplary assiduity. Active and vigorous in actions of war and weighty affairs. Even at night she was not free to take rest but dispensed justice to her people." His description of her is at once romantic and realistic. He puts her age down at 40, dark complexioned and with elegant figure. At another instance, he says she could be mistaken for a common kitchen wench, but for her graceful and judicious speech. Her scanty clothing of only a loincloth may have created this impression. He seems highly impressed with her administrative qualities and doesn’t give much credence to the rumours of her having poisoned her elder two sons, who were aspiring to the throne.

One can see the ruins of the fort she built around Somanatheshwara temple. This temple houses few things related to the Abbakka Chowta. There is an old Jain temple (basadi) in the town which belonged to the queen. Ullal was one of the major ports of the western coast in the pre-colonial era.[4]

Civic Administration

Ullal City Municipality is the second biggest Governing body after Mangalore City Corporation in Mangalore Urban Agglomeration.[5]

Ullal was formed as a Nagara Panchayat in 1996. Later Town Municipal Council was formed in 2006. And was then upgraded to City Municipality[6] in 2014.

Geography

Ullal is located at 12°48′N 74°51′E / 12.8°N 74.85°E.[7] It has an average elevation of 5 metres (16 ft).

Climate

Climate data for Ullal, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.3
(97.3)
37.8
(100.0)
38.1
(100.6)
36.6
(97.9)
36.7
(98.1)
34.4
(93.9)
35.5
(95.9)
32.2
(90.0)
34.6
(94.3)
35.0
(95.0)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91.0)
33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
34.0
(93.2)
33.3
(91.9)
29.7
(85.5)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.9
(87.6)
32.3
(90.1)
32.8
(91.0)
31.5
(88.7)
Average low °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
21.8
(71.2)
23.6
(74.5)
25.0
(77.0)
25.1
(77.2)
23.4
(74.1)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.4
(72.3)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
Record low °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
17.3
(63.1)
18.8
(65.8)
19.7
(67.5)
20.4
(68.7)
20.5
(68.9)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
20.2
(68.4)
19.1
(66.4)
15.9
(60.6)
16.1
(61.0)
15.9
(60.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.1
(0.04)
0.2
(0.01)
2.9
(0.11)
24.4
(0.96)
183.2
(7.21)
1,027.2
(40.44)
1,200.4
(47.26)
787.3
(31.00)
292.1
(11.50)
190.8
(7.51)
70.9
(2.79)
16.4
(0.65)
3,796.9
(149.48)
Average rainy days 0.2 0 0.3 1.6 7 23.5 27.4 24.9 13.7 9.1 3.6 0.6 111.9
Average relative humidity (%) 62 66 68 71 71 87 89 88 85 79 73 65 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 313 296 299 292 276 119 94 133 178 226 271 292 2,789
Source: Weather of Ullal, India by AccuWeather[8]

Work Profile

Out of total population, 20,979 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 14,766 were males while 6,213 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. Of total 20979 working population, 96.19% were engaged in Main Work while 3.81% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.

Demographic

Religion in Ullal City

source:Ullal City Census 2011 data

  Hindu (34.48%)
  Muslim (56.10%)
  Christian (9.34%)
  Sikhs (0.01%)
  Jains (0.01%)
  Buddhist (0.02%)
  Not Stated (0.03%)

According to 2011 Census, Muslims form 56.10%, Hindus form 34.48% and Christians form 9.34% of the Population.[9]

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 6278 which is 11.68% of total population of Ullal (CMC). In Ullal City Municipal Council, Female Sex Ratio is of 1025 against state average of 973. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Ullal is around 944 compared to Karnataka state average of 948. Literacy rate of Ullal city is 92.87% higher than state average of 75.36%. In Ullal, Male literacy is around 96.42% while female literacy rate is 89.45%.

Ullal City Municipal Council has total administration over 9,588 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within City Municipal Council limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 1.67% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 0.49% of total population in Ullal (CMC).

Media

Ullal based local television channels include Posa Kural News, Abbakka TV, CCN TV, CCN LIVE, CCN NEWS, DAIL TV etc.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ http://beach-tours.tourtravelworld.com/exoctic-beaches/ullal-beach.htm
  2. ^ Raviprasad Kamila (19 August 2015). "Sea erosion: Ullal project gains national focus". The Hindu.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Analysis of the 1931 Census of India
  5. ^ Mangalore Urban Agglomeration Population
  6. ^ Ullal upgraded to City Municipality
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Ullal
  8. ^ "Weather of Ullal, India". AccuWeather.
  9. ^ 2011 Census Data
Abbakka Chowta

Rani Abbakka Chowta was the first Tuluva Queen of Ullal who fought the Portuguese in the latter half of the 16th century. She belonged to the Chowta dynasty who ruled over parts of coastal Karnataka (Tulu Nadu), India. Their capital was Puttige. The port town of Ullal served as their subsidiary capital. The Portuguese made several attempts to capture Ullal as it was strategically placed. But Abbakka repulsed each of their attacks for over four decades. For her bravery, she came to be known as Abhaya Rani (The fearless queen). She was also one of the earliest Indians to fight the colonial powers and is sometimes regarded as the 'first woman freedom fighter of India'. In the state of Karnataka, she is celebrated along with Rani Kittur Chennamma, Keladi Chennamma and Onake Obavva, as the foremost women warriors and patriots.

Action 3D

Action 3D is a 2013 Indian Telugu comedy film in 3D. The film is directed by Anil Sunkara and features an ensemble cast of Allari Naresh, Shaam, Vaibhav, Raju Sundaram, Neelam Upadhyaya. Sneha Ullal, Kamna Jethmalani and Sheena Shahabadi. Its Hindi dubbed version is named as action 3d. The film is a remake of The Hangover and some scenes are copied from Dhamaal.

Boyapati Srinu

Boyapati Srinivas, sometimes also spelled Boyapati Sreenu, is an Indian film director. Sreenu has garnered two state Nandi Awards,

and two "TSR National Awards" for his works. In 2005, Srinu made his directorial debut with Bhadra, which starred Ravi Teja, Meera Jasmine, and Prakash Raj. Tulasi was his second film. In 2010, Srinu's third release was Simha, starring Nandamuri Balakrishna in a dual role, Nayantara and Sneha Ullal. In 2012, he made his fourth film Dhammu, starring Jr NTR, Trisha, Karthika Nair.

Chowta

Chowta (also Chouta) is a common surname of the Tuluva Bunt people of Karnataka and Kerala, India.

It is also the name of the Jain dynasty who ruled certain parts of the Tulu Nadu region for several centuries (12th- 18th). They succession to the throne was as per the Bunt custom of matrilineal inheritance (Aliyasantana). They initially ruled from their capital at Ullal and the first known king of the Dynasty was Tirumalaraya Chowta I (reign 1160-1179). His successor, Channaraya Chowta I (reign 1179-1219), moved it inland to Puttige. Bhojaraya Chowta II (reign 1470-1510) was the greatest of the Chowta rulers. He visited the court of Krishnadevaraya, the Vijayanagar emperor, and received royal insignia from him.

The principality of Chowta split in 1544, with two separate capitals, one at Ullala, under the renowned Queen Abbakka Chowta, and another at Puttige. Ullal branch seems to have become extinct and c. 1603, the Chowta moved their capital to Moodabidri. In succeeding years Chowta power had greatly diminished due to invasions by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan with whom they signed treaties.Chandrasekhara Chikkaraya Chowta V was the last Chowta king who had some authority. He reigned from 1783 to 1822. Following the conquest of South Canara by the British the Chowtas lost all their power except that they received a small pension from the then government. Descendants of the chowta rulers still survive and inhabit the Chowtara Aramane (Chowta Palace) of Moodabidri, which is known for its ornate carvings such as the Nava Nari Kunjara (Nine Damsel Elephant).

Current (film)

Current is a 2009 romantic comedy drama Telugu film directed by Palnati Surya Pratap. It stars Sushanth and Sneha Ullal in the Lead. Devi Sri Prasad provided the Music while Vijay Kumar C. Provided the Cinematography. Marthand K. Venkatesh handled the Editing Department. It was declared as a Super Hit at the Box Office.

Jayshree Ullal

Jayshree V. Ullal (born March 27, 1961) is an American billionaire businesswoman, president and CEO of Arista Networks, a cloud networking company responsible for the deployment of 10/40/100 Gigabit Ethernet networking in the data center.

Mangalore (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Mangalore constituency (erstwhile Ullal) is one of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha constituency in Karnataka, India which belongs to Dakshina Kannada Lok Sabha constituency. Mangalore constituency along with Mangalore City South and Mangalore City North represents the Mangalore City.

Mangalore taluk

Mangalore taluk is a taluk (subdistrict) in the Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka on the western coast of India. Mangalore is the administrative headquarters of the taluk. It is made up of Mangalore City Corporation , Ullal City Municipality that govern the Mangalore Urban Agglomeration, Other than these there are forty-nine panchayat villages in Mangalore taluk. It covers an area of 834 square kilometres (322 sq mi). Mangalore, Ullal and Moodabidri are the top 3 highly populated towns.

Our Lady of Mercy of Ullal

Church of Our Lady of Mercy of Ullal (Portuguese: Igreja Nossa Senhora das Mercês de Velala) is a Roman Catholic Church built by the Portuguese in 1568 at Ullal, near Mangalore. The church was mentioned by the Italian traveller Pietro Della Valle, who visited Mangalore in 1623.Amidst scenic beauty, lush greenery and surrounded by vast oceans lies Ullal-Panir, a Catholic mission centre. It is situated 15 km South of Mangalore, the district headquarters. It is an extensive mission spread over three taluks namely Bantwal, Mangalore and Manjeshwar and consists of over 10 villages. The parishioners are generally poor, small and marginal farmers or daily wage earners. At present due to the upcoming of the educational institutions in and around Ullal-Panir, many people are migrating to this area. The total catholic population is 2147. Ullal-Panir is the place where the Apostle of Sri. Lank Blessed Joseph Vas had worked about 318 years ago.

Sneha Ullal

Sneha Ullal (born 18 December 1987) is an Indian film actress who has appeared in Tollywood and Bollywood films. She is best known for her role in the Telugu films Ullasamga Utsahamga, Simha and Hindi film Lucky: No Time for Love.

Someshwar Beach

Someshwar Beach (Tulu/Kannada :Someshwara) is a beach located in Ullal in the city of Mangalore, India.

The name 'Someshwara beach' is derived because of Lord Somanatha temple standing since several centuries on the sea shore.The golden sands are used for walking or sunbathing. The presence of hidden rocks and currents along this stretch of the coast make this each unsuitable for swimming. The sea claims a number of lives every year as unwary swimmers are dragged by the current.

Close to this beach there is a hill called 'Ottinene Hill'. On reaching the top of this hill there are views of Netravati River merging and disappearing in Arabian Sea. There is lush vegetation and number of medicinal plants that are naturally grown on this hill.

U. Srinivas Mallya

Ullal Srinivasa Mallya (11 November 1902 – 19 December 1965) was an Indian Politician. He served an 18-year tenure as member of Parliament, from 1946–1965. He played a key role in development of undivided Dakshina Kannada

Udupi (Lok Sabha constituency)

Udupi Lok Sabha constituency was a former Lok Sabha constituency in Karnataka. This seat came into existence in 1957. With the implementation of the delimitation of parliamentary constituencies in 2008, it ceased to exist.

Ullal City Municipal

The Ullal City Municipal is the municipal corporation responsible for looking after the city administration of the city of Ullal in Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ullal is a town situated about 12 km away from Mangalore with a population more than 53,000 as per the 2011 census. The incumbent president of the corporation is K.Hussain and the vice president Chitra. Ullal was upgraded from Town Municipal to City Municipal in the year 2014.Ullal City Municipal belongs to Mangalore(erstwhile Ullal) — Vidhan Sabha constituency of Karnataka Legislative assembly and Dakshina Kannada (Lok Sabha constituency) of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian parliament).

Ullal Thangal

Ullal Thangal (Taj-ul Ulama Sayyid Abdurrahman Albukhari, 1920 – 1 February 2014) was a Sunni Muslim scholar from the Indian state of Kerala, South India. He was the President of Sayyid Madani Arabic College Ullal, Jamia Sa-adiya Arabic College and Samastha Kerala Sunni Jam'iyyathul Ulama, the organization of scholars and clerics under the Sunni faction of Muslims of Kerala, and Qazi of Ullal Known as the Crown Among the Clerics (Taj-ul Ulama), Ullal Thangal was a prominent member of the Samastha Kerala Jamiyyathul Ulama before the split of the Sunnis in 1989.His resting place is at Ettikulam near Payyanur

Ullal railway station

Ullal Railway Station (Code:KZE) is a minor railway station serving the town of Ullal in the Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka, India. It lies in the Shoranur - Mangalore Section of the Southern Railways. Trains halting at the station connect the town to prominent cities in India such as Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Chennai, Kollam, Bangalore, Kozhikode, Coimbatore, Mangalore, Mysore and so forth.

Ullasamga Utsahamga

Ullasamga Utsahamga (English: Happily.. Energetically...) is a 2008 indian Telugu film, starring Yasho Sagar and Sneha Ullal in their debut, directed by A. Karunakaran. With music composed by G. V. Prakash Kumar, the film was released on 25 July 2008. The Film was dubbed into Malayalam as Ayyo Paavam in 2010. It was remade into Kannada as Ullasa Utsaha (2009).

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