Udupi is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Udupi District. It is one of the fastest growing cities in Karnataka & the city has got a modern touch due to various educational instituions. Udupi is one of the top tourist attractions in Karnataka. It is notable for the Krishna Temple. It lends its name to the popular Udupi cuisine. It is also known as Lord Parashurama Kshetra, and is famous for Kanakana Kindi. A centre of pilgrimage, Udupi is known as Rajata Peetha and Shivalli (Shivabelle). It is also known as the temple city.[3] Udupi is situated about 55 km north of the educational, commercial & industrial hub Mangalore and about 422 km west of state capital Bangalore by road.

Udupi Sri Krishna Temple
Udupi Sri Krishna Temple
Udupi is located in Karnataka
Coordinates: 13°20′20″N 74°44′42″E / 13.3389°N 74.7451°ECoordinates: 13°20′20″N 74°44′42″E / 13.3389°N 74.7451°E
RegionUdupi District
Member of the ParliamentShobha Karandlaje
 • TypeCity Municipal Council
 • Council PresidentNirmala Muniraj
 • City68.23 km2 (26.34 sq mi)
27 m (89 ft)
 • City215,401
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • OfficialKannada
 • RegionalTulu, Konkani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
576101 - 576108
Telephone code0820
Vehicle registrationKA-20


Religions in Udupi city
source: Census 2011

  Hindus (85.72%)
  Muslims (8.22%)
  Christians (5.59%)
  Jains (0.39%)
  Not stated (0.04%)
  Sikh (0.02%)
  Buddhist (0.01%)
  Other (0.01%)

Udupi is one of the districts of Karnataka in India. There are six[4] taluks, 233 villages and 21 towns in Udupi district.

As per the Census India 2011, Udupi district has 2,53,078 households, population of 11,77,361 of which 5,62,131 are males and 6,15,230 are females. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1,03,160 which is 8.76% of the total population.

The sex-ratio of Udupi district is around 1094 compared to 973 which is average of Karnataka state. The literacy rate of Udupi district is 78.69% out of which 82.85% males are literate and 74.89% females are literate. The total area of Udupi is 3,582 sq.km with a population density of 329 per sq.km.

Out of the total population, 71.63% of the population lives in the Urban area and 28.37% lives in Rural area. There are 6.41% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 4.49% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of the total population in Udupi district.

Sthanika Brahmins, Shivalli Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins (GSB), Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins (RSB), Mogaveeras, Billavas, Bunts, Mangalorean Catholics, Daivadnyas, Beary, Devadigas, Padmashalis, Ramakshatriyas are some prominent communities in Udupi.

Udupi, which previously had a Town Municipal Council now has a City Municipal Council which came into existence in 1995. Areas around Udupi, such as Manipal,[5] Parkala, Malpe, Udyavara and Santhekatte were merged to form the City Municipal Council.

Udupi was carved out as a separate district from the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada district on 25 August 1997. Udupi, Kundapura and Karkala were bifurcated from the Dakshina Kannada District and the Udupi District was formed. Dinakar Babu and Sheela K Shetty of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) are the current president and vice-president of the Udupi Zilla Panchayat, respectively, after the election held at the Zilla Panchayat on 27 April 2016. In February 2018, the district was split to into 3 more taluks, with Byndoor being carved out of Kundapur taluk and the Udupi taluk being split into three parts. Along with the initial Udupi taluk, Kaup and Brahmavar were created.

Tulu and Kannada are the most widely spoken languages in Udupi. Other spoken languages include Konkani, English, Malayalam, and Kundagannada. Muslims in Udupi speak Urdu, Nawayathi and Beary.

Geography and climate

Udupi has an elevation of 27 m (89 ft) above mean sea level.[6] The climate in Udupi is hot in summers and pleasant in winter. During summers (from March to May) the temperature reaches up to 38 °C and in winters (from December to February) it is usually between 32 °C and 20 °C.

The monsoon period is from June to September, with rainfall averaging more than 4000 mm every year and heavy winds.


Yakshagana in Udupi
Nagapatri at Belle Brahmastana

Bhuta Kola, Aati kalenja, Karangolu, and Nagaradhane are some cultural traditions of Udupi. The residents celebrate festivals such as Makara Sankranti, Nagara Panchami, Krishna Janmashtami, Navaratri, Deepavali, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr and Christmas. Folk arts like Yakshagana are also popular.

Rathabeedhi Geleyaru and Kalavrinda are local non-profit organisations, founded to encourage creative pursuits, especially those that keep alive the traditions of the region. Its primary focus has been historical dramas.


Masala Dosa (27429188304)
Masala dosa is a part of Udupi cuisine.

The term Udupi (also Udipi) is synonymous with vegetarian food now found all over the world. The origin of this cuisine is linked to Krishna Matha (Mutt). Lord Krishna is offered food of different varieties every day, and there are certain restrictions on ingredients during Chaturmasa (a four-month period during the monsoon season). These restrictions coupled with the requirement of variety led to innovation, especially in dishes incorporating seasonal and locally available materials. This cuisine was developed by Shivalli Madhwa Brahmins who cooked food for Lord Krishna, and at Krishna Matha in Udupi, the food is provided free of cost. Restaurants specialised in Udupi cuisine can be seen widely in most metropolitan and large cities around the length and breadth of India.

Although popular for its vegetarian cuisine, Udupi has its fair share of non-vegetarian dishes that are similar to Tuluva or Mangalorean cuisine. Some of these include Kori Roti, Kori Pulimunchi, Chicken Sukka, and more.

The gate to Udupi Town
Town gate


Udupi is becoming a major town in Karnataka.Udupi is the birthplace of the Syndicate Bank, Corporation Bank and Harsha Retail, the leading retailer of coastal Karnataka.[7][8] Udupi's economy also consists of agriculture and fishing. Small-scale industries like the cashew industry, and other food industries and milk cooperatives are the most prominent. Recently, Udupi is also making its mark in the real estate industry, greatly influenced by its neighboring spearhead Mangalore.

The Karnataka government had signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Cogentrix Light and Power Industry to set up a thermal power plant in the district at Nandikur. However, because of stiff opposition from citizens and environmentalist groups, the project has been temporarily suspended. An attempt by the Nagarjuna Power Corporation to set up a similar plant at nearby Padubidri also met strong opposition. Now, the power plant has been set up, generating 1,200 MW of power under the name of Udupi Power Corporation Limited (UPCL), a subsidiary of Lanco Infra, an Andhra Pradesh-based infrastructure major. The opposition, however, continues.

Manipal, a suburb of Udupi, is home to the headquarters of Syndicate Bank. It is renowned as an education and medical hub. Kasturba Medical College[9] and MIT (Manipal Institute of Technology)[10] are situated here.

TEBMA Shipyards Ltd is located in Malpe harbour complex. It is involved in building multipurpose platform supply vessels (MPSVs), platform supply vessel, geotechnical research vessel, dredgers and tugs for Indian as well as export markets.[11]

Udupi has a local handloom sari industry. Made of pure cotton and lightweight, the sari has art silk design on its border and pallu besides butta of art silk dotting it. Hard work, low returns, and competition from power loom has led to a drop in the number of weavers of nearly 95% over three decades.[12] A geographical indication tag for Udupi sarees is under examination with the Geographical Indications Registry of India.[13]


National Highway NH 66 and NH 169A passes through Udupi. Other significant roads include the State Highways to Karkala and Dharmastala and to Sringeri. The NH-66 provides a link to Mangalore and Karwar via Kundapur and NH-169A Malpe and Hebri to Agumbe to Thirthahalli and to Shivamogga. Private as well as government buses connect Udupi to parts of Karnataka. Udupi has a railway station on the Konkan Railway. The nearest International Airport to Udupi is Mangalore International Airport, which is 50km away.

City and suburban transport is available for travel within Udupi and suburbs. The buses originate from the suburban bus stand (City Bus Stand). There are private bus operators as well as KSRTC city service buses too.

The nearest harbour/port to Udupi is Malpe, which is 5 km away, and Gangolli (Byndoor), which is 36 km away. The New Mangalore Port is 50 km away from Udupi.

Udupi railway station is managed by the Konkan Railways. It is about 4 km from Udupi city and is on the Kanyakumari-Mumbai rail route. Direct trains are available to Bengaluru, Mumbai, New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandighar, Pune, Ajmer, Jaipur, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Okha. Cities like Mysore, Belgaum, Jodhpur, Agra, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam, Kollam(Quilon) etc. also connected with Udupi. Konkan has a beautiful scenic view throughout its way.

See also


  1. ^ "Udupi District Population Census 2011, Karnataka literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  3. ^ "The Hindu : Karnataka / Udupi News : Temple town gearing up for the grand Paryaya". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Thimmappa inaugurates three new taluks in Udupi". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 15 February 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 September 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ Udupi Manipal Archived 4 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine from Manipal World News
  6. ^ "Elevation of Udupi town, Karnataka". Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Brief history of Syndicate Bank". Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  8. ^ "History of Corporation Bank". Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  9. ^ "KMC Manipal". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  10. ^ "MIT Manipal". Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "It's Udupi's finest, but who's to weave them?, The Hindu". Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Status of GI Application Pending before the GI Registry as on March 31, 2015, pg 1" (PDF). Retrieved 1 April 2015.


Further reading

External links

Beaches in Karnataka

Karnataka's coastline called Karavali stretches 320 km (200 mi) between Mangalore in Dakshina Kannada district and Karwar in Uttara Kannada district. Bhatkal is the main centre with around eight beaches . The coastline of Karnataka is along the eastern shore of Arabian Sea.Karnataka's coastline spans across 3 districts Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Uttara Kannada.

Dakshina Kannada

Dakshina Kannada is a district in the state of Karnataka in India. Sheltered by the Western Ghats on the east and surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Dakshina Kannada receives abundant rainfall during the monsoon. It is bordered by Udupi District to the north, Chikmagalur district to the northeast, Hassan District to the east, Kodagu to the southeast and Kasaragod District in Kerala to the south. The district has three agro-climatic divisions:

Coastal region consisting of Mangalore, Ullal and Mulki taluks

Intermediate area consisting of Moodabidri and Bantwal taluks

Malnad region consisting of Sullia, Belthangady, Puttur and Kadaba taluks.The district has two revenue subdivisions — Mangalore (consists of Mangalore, Bantwal, Moodabidri, Mulki and Vitla) and Puttur (consists of Puttur, Sullia, Belthangady, and Kadaba). Mangalore city is the district headquarters of Dakshina Kannada. According to the 2011 census of India, Dakshina Kannada district had a population of 2,083,625.

The district comprises nine talukas: Mangalore, Bantwal, Puttur, Sullia, Belthangady, Kadaba, Moodabidri, Ullal and Mulki. It used to include seven northern talukas (Udupi, Kundapur, Karkala, Hebri, Brahmavar, Kaup and Byndoor), but these were separated in August 1997 to form Udupi district. Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kasaragod are often called Tulu Nadu.

Important city and towns in Dakshina Kannada include Mangalore, Puttur, Sullia, Bantwal, Vittal, Surathkal, Moodabidri, Kinnigoli, Uppinangady, Nellyadi, Kadaba, Belthangady, Venur, Mulki, Dharmasthala, Ujire and Subramanya. The district is known for beaches, red clay roof tiles (Mangalore tiles), cashew nut and its products, banking, education, healthcare and cuisine.

Gopalakrishna Adiga

Mogeri Gopalakrishna Adiga (1918–1992) was a modern Kannada poet. He is known by some commentators as the "pioneer of New style" poetry.


The Kanara (also known as Canara, Karavali and Coastal Karnataka) region of Karnataka, comprises three coastal districts, namely Dakshina Kannada, Udupi district (South Canara) and Uttara Kannada (North Canara). Kanara forms the southern part of the Konkan coast. The length of this region from north to south is around 300 kilometres (190 mi) while the width varies from 30 to 110 kilometres (19 to 68 mi). The region is characterized by swaying palms and swift brooks running towards the Arabian Sea.

Kollur, Udupi district

Kolluru or Kollur is a small temple-town in Byndoor Taluk in Udupi district of Karnataka state, India. It is situated about 23 km from Byndoor town. This village lies at the foot of the Western Ghats and is famous for the Mookambika temple, a Hindu pilgrim center. The village is located on the banks of Souparnika river.

Kollur also called Kolapura(in the name of sage called Kola Maharshi) one of the important places of pilgrimage in Karnataka State, which has a temple dedicated to supreme goddess Mookambika or Durga devi .

The goddess Durga is called Mookambika as she is said to have slain the demon Mookasura. The goddess is described as in the form of a jyotirlinga incorporating both Shiva and Shakti. The panchaloha image of the goddess on Shri Chakra is stated to have been consecrated by Shri Adi Shankaracharya. The Divine Mother is said to be a manifestation of trigunas or triple forms such as Mahakali, Mahalakshmi & Mahasaraswati. The shikhara of the temple which is well gilded with gold is said to have been donated by Sankanna Savantha. Around the chief shrine of Mookambika, there are many other shrines.

The idol of Chandramaulishvara is said to have been installed by Shri Adi Shankara. The temple has been renovated by Keladi rulers. The temple of Mookambika and other shrines attract a large number of pilgrims from other states too.


Kundapur, also spelled Kundapura, Kundapore, Coondapur and Coondapore is a coastal town in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is administered by the Kundapur Town Municipal Council and also serves as a headquarter of the Kundapura Taluk.

Kundapura railway station, along with the Konkan railway, is very useful for Kerala pilgrims who visit Kolluru Mookambika Temple as best transport connection to Kollur along with facilities like lodges, and many more tourist attraction such as beaches, temples, and resorts are very near to the station.


Madhvacharya (Madhvācārya; Kannada: ಮಧ್ವಾಚಾರ್ಯ; Sanskrit pronunciation: [mɐdʱʋaːˈtɕaːɽjɐ]; CE 1238–1317 ), sometimes anglicised as Madhva Acharya, and also known as Pūrna Prajña and Ānanda Tīrtha, was a Hindu philosopher and the chief proponent of the Dvaita (dualism) school of Vedanta. Madhva called his philosophy Tatvavāda meaning "arguments from a realist viewpoint".Madhvacharya was born on the west coast of Karnataka state in 13th-century India. As a teenager, he became a Sanyasi (monk) joining Brahma-sampradaya guru Achyutapreksha, of the Ekadandi order. Madhva studied the classics of Hindu philosophy, particularly the Principal Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras (Prasthanatrayi). He commented on these, and is credited with thirty seven works in Sanskrit. His writing style was of extreme brevity and condensed expression. His greatest work is considered to be the Anuvyakhyana, a philosophical supplement to his bhasya on the Brahma Sutras composed with a poetic structure. In some of his works, he proclaimed himself to be an avatar of Vayu, the son of god Vishnu.He was a critic of Adi Shankara's Advaita Vedanta and Ramanuja's Vishishtadvaita Vedanta teachings. He toured India several times, visiting places such as Bengal, Varanasi, Dwarka, Goa and Kanyakumari, engaging in philosophical debates and visiting Hindu centres of learning. Madhva established the Krishna Mutt at Udupi with a murti secured from Dwarka Gujarat in CE 1285.Madhvācārya's teachings are built on the premise that there is a fundamental difference between Atman (individual soul, self) and the Brahman (ultimate reality, God Vishnu), these are two different unchanging realities, with individual soul dependent on Brahman, never identical. His school's theistic dualism teachings disagreed with the monist teachings of the other two most influential schools of Vedanta based on Advaita's nondualism and Vishishtadvaita's qualified nondualism. Liberation, asserted Madhva, is achievable only through the grace of God. The Dvaita school founded by Madhva influenced Vaishnavism, the Bhakti movement in medieval India, and has been one of the three influential Vedānta philosophies, along with Advaita Vedanta and Vishishtadvaita Vedanta. Madhva's historical influence in Hinduism, state Kulandran and Kraemer, has been salutary, but not extensive.


Manipal is a locality of Udupi city, located 8 kilometres from centre of City in India and is administered by the Udupi City Municipality. It is located in the part of Coastal Karnataka, 62.8 km north of Mangalore and 8 km (5.0 mi) east of the Arabian Sea. From its location on a plateau, it commands a panoramic view of the Persian Gulf to the west and the Western Ghats to the east.

Home to the Manipal Academy of Higher Education, the town attracts more than twenty five thousand students every year and hence consists more of student population. It is one of the most cosmopolitan towns of India, attracting students and faculty from around 60 countries. It is called the campus town by the locals.Manipal is also the international headquarters of the Syndicate Bank. A regional information technology hub, Manipal has one of the highest densities of mobile phone users in India.


Mundkur is a village in Karkala Taluk, Udupi district, Karnataka, India. The Durga Parameshwari temple located here was built circa 9th century AD.

Shivalli, Karnataka

Shivalli is a place near Udupi, in the state of Karnataka in southern India. Shivalli has been long famous for its proximity to the Sri Krishna Temple, located in Udupi and for Udupi itself. Shivalli is a village between Udupi and Manipal. The town of Manipal was earlier under Shivalli grama (village) panchayat and later came under Udupi municipality.

Shivalli takes its name from the words Shiva-Halli which means the town of Shiva. Udupi has two shiva temples Chandramouleshwara temple and Ananteshwara temple near the famous Sri Krishna temple/ Krishna matha. Even today all swamiji's of ashtamatha's first enter Chandramouleshwara temple and then Ananteshwara temple before entering Krishna Matha on auspicious occasions.

Another legend as suggests that Shivalli has an origin in the old Sanskrit name Shivaroopya (where roopya is silver, or "bolli" in Tulu). In later years, it came to be known as Shivabolli, Shibbolli, Shivolli, and the present name, Shivalli. Some Brahmins of Dvaita philosophy call themselves as Shivalli Madhwa Brahmins.

Sri Vinayaka Temple, Guddattu

Guddattu Sri Vinayaka Temple is located at Kundapura, Udupi District in the state of Karnataka, India. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to god Ganapathy.

The temple belongs to Guddattu Adiga family ancestry.


Tallur is a village in Kundapur taluk, Udupi district, Karnataka.

Tulu Nadu

Tulu Nadu or Tulunad, is a region in India where the Tulu language is predominantly spoken. The Indic people known as Tuluva are natives of the region. The erstwhile district of South Canara is the core of the Tulu speaking region. The Old South Canara district is currently divided into Dakshina Kannada and Udupi of Karnataka and Kasaragod district of Kerala. This region is not an official administrative entity but there has been a movement in the region demanding statehood for Tulu Nadu within the framework of the Republic of India. Mangalore, Udupi and Kasaragod are its important cities.

Udupi Ramachandra Rao

Udupi Ramachandra Rao (10 March 1932 – 24 July 2017) was a space scientist and chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation. He was also the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad and Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru and chancellor of the Indian Institute for Space Science and Technology (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram. He is affectionately called 'Satellite man of India'.

Rao was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1976, and Padma Vibhushan in 2017. He was inducted into the Satellite Hall of Fame, Washington, on 19 March 2013 at a ceremony organised by the Society of Satellite Professionals International. With this he became the first Indian to be inducted. He was also to be inducted in International Astronautics Federation (IAF) as on 15 May 2016. He was also the first Indian again to achieve such a feat.

Udupi Sri Krishna Matha

Udupi Sri Krishna Matha (Tulu:ಉಡುಪಿ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣ ಮಠ) is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to god Krishna and Dvaita Matha located in the city of Udupi in Karnataka, India.

The matha area resembles a living ashram, a holy place for daily devotion and living. Surrounding the Sri Krishna Matha are several temples namely the Udupi Anantheshwara Temple which is over a 1,000 years old.

Udupi cuisine

Udupi cuisine is a cuisine of South India. It forms an important part of Tuluva-Mangalorean cuisine and takes its name from Udupi, a city on the southwest coast of India in the Tulunadu region. Udupi cuisine has its origin in the Ashta Mathas of Udupi founded by Madhvacharya.

Udupi cuisine comprises dishes made primarily from grains, beans, vegetables, and fruits. The variety and range of dishes is wide, and a hallmark of the cuisine involves the use of locally available ingredients.

It adheres strictly to the Satvik tradition of Indian vegetarian cuisine, using no onions or garlic, as well as no meat, fish, or shellfish. However, the cuisine may also be adapted for those who consume these restricted items. Following the tradition of chaaturmasa vrata, which is a restriction of certain food ingredients in a certain period or season, may have led to the innovation of a variety of dishes in Udupi cuisine. Pumpkins and gourds are the main ingredients in sambar, a stew prepared with ground coconut and coconut oil as its base.The ubiquitous Indian dish dosa has its origins in Udupi, according to P. Thankappan Nair. Saaru, a spicy pepper water, is another essential part of the menu, and so are jackfruit, colocasia leaves, raw green bananas, mango pickle, red chillies, and salt. Adyes (dumplings), ajadinas (dry curries or stir fry curries), and chutneys, including one made of the skin of the ridge gourd, are specialities.

Udupi district

Udupi district in the Karnataka state of India was created in August 1997. The three northern Taluks Udupi, Kundapur and Karkala, were separated from Dakshina Kannada District to form Udupi district. Moodbidri was officially declared as new Taluk, seprated from Karkala with effect from January 11, 2018. The district headquarters are in the city of Udupi.

Udupi railway station

Udupi railway station is a railway station in Udupi district, Karnataka. Its code is UD. It serves Udupi and the university town of Manipal, which is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south from the station and Udupi. The station consists of two platforms. Most of the platform is not sheltered from the heavy rains that Udupi receives. The station is directly connected to (state capitals in bold) Mangalore, Bangalore, Bhopal, Mumbai, New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Pune, Ajmer, Jaipur, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Okha, Mysore, Belgaum, Jodhpur, Agra, Thiruvananthapuram, Chennai, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Dehradun, Coimbatore, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Bikaner, Goa

Vadiraja Tirtha

Sri Vadiraja Tirtha (c.1480-c.1600 ) was a Dvaita philosopher, poet and mystic. A polymath of his time, he authored many works, often polemical, on Madhva theology and metaphysics. Additionally, he composed numerous poems and as the pontiff of Sodhe Mutt, renovated the temple complex at Udupi and established the Paryaya system of worship. He is also credited with enriching the Kannada literature of the time by translating Madhva's works to Kannada, giving impetus and contributing to the Haridasa movement. His works are characterised by their poetic flourishes, incisive wit and humour.

Climate data for Udupi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
Average low °C (°F) 20.8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
Gnome-globe.svg Geographic locale
Udupi cuisines
Noted poets
People and society


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