The Udaloy class, Russian designations Project 1155 Fregat and Project 11551 Fregat-M (Russian: Фрегат, 'Fregat' meaning Frigate), are series of anti-submarine guided missile destroyers built for the Soviet Navy, seven of which are currently in service with the Russian Navy. Twelve ships were built between 1980 and 1991, while the thirteenth ship built to a modified design, known as Udaloy II class, followed in 1999. They complement the Sovremennyy-class destroyers in anti-aircraft and anti-surface warfare operations.
Admiral Vinogradov underway
|Preceded by:||Sovremenny class|
|Succeeded by:||Lider class|
|Completed:||13 (12 Udaloy I, 1 Udaloy II)|
|Type:||Guided missile destroyer|
|Length:||163 m (535 ft)|
|Beam:||19.3 m (63 ft)|
|Draught:||6.2 m (20 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft COGAG, 2× D090 6.7 MW and 2× DT59 16.7 gas turbines, 120,000 hp 89.456 MW|
|Speed:||35 kn (65 km/h; 40 mph)|
|Range:||10,500 nmi (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
|Aircraft carried:||2 × Ka-27 series helicopters|
|Aviation facilities:||Helipad and hangar|
The Project 1155 dates to the 1970s when it was concluded that it was too costly to build large-displacement, multi-role combatants. The concept of a specialized surface ship was developed by Soviet designers. Two different types of warships were laid down which were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau: Project 956 destroyer and Project 1155 large anti-submarine ship. The Udaloy class are generally considered the Soviet equivalent of the American Spruance-class destroyers. There are variations in SAM and air search radar among units of the class. Based on the Krivak class, the emphasis on anti-submarine warfare (ASW) left these ships with limited anti-surface and anti-air capabilities.
In 2015, the Russian Navy announced that five out of the eight Project 1155 ships will be refurbished and upgraded as part of the Navy modernization program by 2022. In addition to overhauling their radio-electronic warfare and life support systems, they will receive modern missile complexes to fire P-800 Oniks and Kalibr cruise missiles. The ships are to have their service life extended by 30 years until sufficient numbers of Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates are commissioned. Upgrades will include replacing the Rastrub-B Silex missiles with 3S-24 angling launchers fitted with four 3S-34 containers using the 3M-24/SS-N-25 Switchblade anti-ship missile, and two 3S-14-1155 universal VLS with 16 cells for Kalibr land attack, anti-ship, and anti-submarine cruise missiles in place of one of the AK-100 guns.
Following Udaloy's commissioning, designers began developing an upgrade package in 1982 to provide more balanced capabilities with a greater emphasis on anti-shipping. The Project 1155.1 Fregat II Class Large ASW Ship (NATO Codename Udaloy II) is roughly the counterpart of the Improved Spruance class; only one was originally completed, but in 2006 Admiral Kharlamov was reported to have been upgraded to a similar standard. In April 2010 Severnaya Verf shipyard announced that the destroyer Vice-Admiral Kulakov, which had been retired in 1990, was being upgraded to Udaloy II standard and has since resumed patrolling in 2013.
Similar to Udaloy externally, it was a new configuration replacing the SS-N-14 with SS-N-22 "Sunburn" (Moskit) anti-ship missiles, a twin 130 mm gun, UDAV-1 anti-torpedo rockets, and gun/SAM CIWS systems. A standoff ASW capability is retained by firing SS-N-15 missiles from the torpedo tubes.
Powered by a modern gas turbine engine, the Udaloy II is equipped with more capable sonars, an integrated air defense fire control system, and a number of digital electronic systems based on state-of-the-art circuitry. The original MGK-355 Polinom integrated sonar system (with NATO reporting names Horse Jaw and Horse Tail respectively for the hull mounted and towed portions) on Udaloy-I ships is replaced by its successor, a newly designed Zvezda M-2 sonar system that has a range in excess of 100 kilometres (62 mi) in the 2nd convergence zone. The Zvezda sonar system is considered by its designers to be the equivalent in terms of overall performance of the AN/SQS-53 on US destroyers, though much bulkier and heavier than its American counterpart: the length of the hull mounted portion is nearly 30 meters. The torpedo approaching warning function of the Polinom sonar system is retained and further improved by its successor.
|Udaloy I class (Russian type BPK - Large ASW Ship)|
|Udaloy||Bold||23 July 1977||5 February 1980||31 December 1980||Decommissioned in 1997. Scrapped at Murmansk in 2002|
|Vice-Admiral Kulakov||Nikolai Mikhailovich Kulakov||4 November 1977||16 May 1980||29 December 1981||Modernization completed in 2010, in service with the Northern Fleet|
|Marshal Vasilyevsky||Aleksandr Vasilevsky||22 April 1979||29 December 1981||8 December 1983||Decommissioned|
|Admiral Zakharov||Mikhail Nikolayevich Zakharov||16 October 1981||4 November 1982||30 December 1983||Caught fire in 1992 and scrapped|
|Admiral Spiridonov||Emil Nikolayevich Spiridonov||11 April 1982||28 April 1984||30 December 1984||Decommissioned in 2001. 2002 sold for scrap.|
|Admiral Tributs||Vladimir Filippovich Tributs||19 April 1980||26 March 1983||30 December 1985||Caught fire in 1991, but returned to service. In service with the Pacific Fleet|
|Marshal Shaposhnikov||Boris Mikhailovich Shaposhnikov||25 May 1983||27 December 1984||30 December 1985||In service with the Pacific Fleet|
|Severomorsk||Severomorsk||12 June 1984||24 December 1985||30 December 1987||In service with the Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Levchenko||Gordey Ivanovich Levchenko||27 January 1982||21 February 1985||30 September 1988||In service with the Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Vinogradov||Nikolai Ignatevich Vinogradov||5 February 1986||4 June 1987||30 December 1988||In service with the Pacific Fleet|
|Admiral Kharlamov||Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov||8 July 1986||29 June 1988||30 December 1989||In service with the Northern Fleet|
|Admiral Panteleyev||Yuriy Aleksandrovich Panteleyev||28 January 1988||7 February 1990||19 December 1991||In service with the Pacific Fleet|
|Udaloy II class|
|Admiral Chabanenko||Andrey Trofimovich Chabanenko||28 February 1989||16 June 1994||28 January 1999||Laid up to be repaired, planned to return to service by 2019.|
|Admiral Basisty||Nikolai Efremovich Basistiy||1991||Scrapped in 1994|
|Admiral Kucherov||Stepan Grigorievich Kucherov||Scrapped in 1993|
Emil Nikolayevich Spiridonov (Russian: Эмиль Николаевич Спиридонов) (26 September 1925 – 7 February 1981) was an officer of the Soviet Navy. He rose to the rank of admiral and was commander of the Pacific Fleet, before his death in an aircrash that killed many of the Fleet's senior officers.
Born in 1925, Spiridonov's early studies were interrupted by the Second World War, and he joined the navy. His early service was spent in submarines in the Pacific Fleet, where he distinguished himself and advanced through the ranks. Transferred to the Northern Fleet, he took command of his own boat, a Project 629-type ballistic missile submarine, before being advanced to command divisions and squadrons of submarines. Praised for his approach to training, he took courses at the Naval Academy, and was promoted to flag rank. Returning to the Pacific Fleet, he moved up the chain of command, garnering awards and plaudits, and eventually becoming deputy commander of the fleet. After assisting in a difficult rescue operation of a stricken submarine, he was finally appointed commander of the Pacific Fleet.
While returning to the fleet base at Vladivostok, the transport plane he and many other of the fleet's senior officers were travelling in crashed just after takeoff outside Pushkin. There were no survivors. He was buried at the Serafimovskoe Cemetery in then-Leningrad, where a memorial was erected to those killed in the crash. He was honoured after his death with memorial plaques, and a street in Vladivostok and an Udaloy-class destroyer Admiral Spiridonov were named for him.Guided missile destroyer
A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.
In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.List of Russian Navy equipment
This is a list of the Russian Navy equipment:
Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier
Delta-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine
Typhoon-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine
Borey (Dolgorukiy)-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine
Oscar-class nuclear cruise missile submarine
Sierra-class nuclear attack submarine
Victor-class nuclear attack submarine
Akula-class nuclear attack submarine
Yasen (Severodvinsk)-class nuclear attack submarine
Tango-class diesel-electric submarine
Kilo-class diesel-electric submarine
Improved Kilo-class diesel-electric submarine
Lada (Petersburg)-class diesel-electric submarine
Burevestnik (Krivak)-class frigate
Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate
Buyan (Astrakhan) class corvette
Bora-class guided missile hovercraft
Alligator-class landing ship
Ropucha-class landing ship
Polnocny-class landing ship
Ivan Gren-class landing shipMetel Anti-Ship Complex
Metel Anti-Ship Complex (Russian: противолодочный комплекс «Метель» 'Snowstorm'; NATO reporting name: SS-N-14 Silex) is a Russian family of anti-submarine missiles. There are different anti-submarine variants ('Metel') for cruisers and frigates, and a later version with a shaped charge ('Rastrub') that can be used against shipping as well as submarines.
The missile carries an underslung anti-submarine torpedo which it drops immediately above the suspected position of a submarine. The torpedo then proceeds to search and then home in on the submarine. In the case of the 85RU/URPK-5, the UGMT-1 torpedo is a multi-purpose torpedo and can be used against submarines as well as surface ships. The missile has been in operational service since 1968, but is no longer in production; it was superseded by the RPK-2 Viyuga (SS-N-15 'Starfish').Mikhail Zakharov (Soviet Navy officer)
Mikhail Nikolayevich Zakharov (Russian: Михаил Николаевич Захаров) (5 November 1912 – 19 February 1978) was an officer of the Soviet Navy. He saw action in the Second World War and rose to the rank of admiral.
Born in St Petersburg, in the Russian Empire in 1912, Zakharov began his naval career in 1930 with service with Coastal Defence Artillery Brigades, before moving into the political branch. He was military commissar at the Pacific Fleet's base at Nikolayevsk-on-Amur during the German invasion of the Soviet Union, and during the war served on the military councils of the Pacific Fleet, the Volga Military District and the Northern Fleet. He followed this with work as a propagandist and as a senior instructor, and later as inspector of the fleet's political administration.
Zakharov served in the political department of the Black Sea Fleet after the war, and in 1956 joined the Pacific Fleet's military council, which he served on for the next 15 years, rising through the ranks to admiral. His last posting was head of the political department of the Naval Academy, which he held until shortly before his retirement in 1977. He had served as deputy to both the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR during this time. He received a number of awards and honours over his career, and after his death in 1978 a street in Vladivostok and an Udaloy-class destroyer, Admiral Zakharov, were named in his honour.Nikolai Vinogradov
Nikolai Ignatevich Vinogradov (Russian: Николай Игнатьевич Виноградов) (26 December [O.S. 13 December] 1905 – 27 April 1979) was an officer of the Soviet Navy who rose to the rank of admiral.
Born in 1905, Vinogradov joined the navy in 1925 and graduated from various naval courses to serve in staff and seagoing positions. Specialising in submarine warfare, he commanded several submarines, before taking command of a submarine brigade during the Soviet-Finnish War. By the German invasion of Russia in 1941, Vinogradov was in command of the submarine forces of the Northern Fleet. Soviet submarines scored a number of success during the war, reflecting on Vinogradov's organisational skills, and various staff appointments and promotions followed. He commanded the Kamchatka Flotilla with later postings including Deputy Secretary of the Navy for Personnel and Naval Educational Institutions, Chief of Weapons and Shipbuilding of the Navy and Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Army and Navy before his retirement in 1968.
Vinogradov died in 1979, with his memoirs posthumously published in 1989. His awards included two Orders of Lenin, five Orders of the Red Banner, the Order of Ushakov First Class and the Order of the Red Star. Among the tributes he received after his death was the naming of the Udaloy-class destroyer Admiral Vinogradov.RBU-6000
The RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (Реактивно-Бомбовая Установка, Reaktivno-Bombovaja Ustanovka; reaction engine-bomb installation & Смерч; waterspout) is a 213 mm caliber Soviet anti-submarine weapon rocket launcher. It is similar in principle to the Royal Navy Hedgehog system used during the Second World War. The system entered service in 1960-61 and is fitted to a wide range of Russian surface vessels. It consists of a horseshoe shaped arrangement of twelve launch barrels, that are remotely directed by the Burya fire control system (that can also control the shorter ranged RBU-1000). It fires RGB-60 unguided depth charges. The rockets are normally fired in salvos of 1, 2, 4, 8 or 12 rounds. Reloading is automatic, with individual rounds being fed into the launcher by the 60UP loading system from a below deck magazine. Typical magazine capacity is either 72 or 96 rounds per launcher. It can also be used as a shore bombardment system.
The RPK-8 system is an upgrade of the RBU-6000 system, firing the 90R rocket, which is actively guided in the water. This allows it to home in on targets at depths of up to 1,000 meters. The warhead is a 19.5 kg shaped charge, which enables it to punch through the hulls of submarines. It can also be used against divers and torpedoes. System response time is reported to be 15 seconds and a single-salvo has a kill probability of 0.8. RPK-8 entered service in 1991 and mounted on Project 1154 and 11356 frigates. Serial production of the upgraded 90R1 rocket was launched in 2017.
RBU-6000 were the most widespread anti-submarine rocket launchers in the Soviet Navy, used on many ship classes.Russian destroyer Admiral Levchenko
Admiral Levchenko is a Russian destroyer of the Udaloy class. The ship was laid down in 1982 and was commissioned in the Soviet navy in 1988. After the fall of the Soviet union the ship continued to serve in the Russian navy. As of 2016 the destroyer is active with the Russian Northern Fleet.
In 2010 Admiral Levchenko was part of the Russian operations to combat piracy off the Somalian coast.Russian destroyer Admiral Panteleyev
Admiral Panteleyev is an Udaloy-class destroyer ("large anti-submarine ship") of the Russian Navy. She is named after Yuri Aleksandrovich Panteleyev.Russian destroyer Admiral Tributs
Admiral Tributs (Адмирал Трибуц) is a Project 1155 Large Anti-Submarine Ship (Большой Противолодочный Корабль, BPK) of the Russian Navy. The vessel is known in the west as an Udaloy-class destroyer. Named after Vladimir Filippovich Tributs, the vessel serves in the Russian Pacific Fleet.Russian destroyer Admiral Vinogradov
Admiral Vinogradov is an Udaloy-class destroyer of the Russian Navy; she is currently active with the Russian Pacific Fleet. She is named for Admiral Nikolai Ignatevich Vinogradov.Russian destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov
Marshal Shaposhnikov (Russian: Маршал Ша́пошников) is a Udaloy-class destroyer of the Russian Navy laid down in 1985. The vessel serves in the Russian Pacific Fleet. Her namesake is marshal Boris Shaposhnikov.Russian destroyer Vice-Admiral Kulakov
Vice-Admiral Kulakov (Russian: «Вице-адмирал Кулаков») is a Udaloy-class destroyer of the Russian Navy. As of 2016, the ship was in active service. She is named after Soviet naval officer Nikolai Kulakov.Russian naval facility in Tartus
The Russian naval facility in Tartus is a leased military installation of the Russian Navy located on the northern edge of the sea port of the Syrian city of Tartus. Up until 2017, Russian official usage classified the installation as a Material-Technical Support Point (Russian: Пункт материально-технического обеспечения, ПМТО) and not as a "base". Tartus is the Russian Navy's only Mediterranean repair and replenishment spot, sparing Russia’s warships the trip back to their Black Sea bases through the Turkish Straits. It is the Russian Navy's only overseas base.The Tartus facility currently can accommodate four medium-sized vessels but only if both of its 100 m (330 ft) floating piers, inside the northern breakwater, are operational. It is not (yet) capable of hosting any of the Russian Navy's current major warships which range in length from the 129 m (423 ft) Neustrashimyy-class frigate through to the 163 m (535 ft) Udaloy-class destroyer, much less cruisers such as the 186.4 m (612 ft) Slava class and the 252 m (827 ft) Kirov class, or the 305 m (1,001 ft) Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier and the 156 m (512 ft) Sovremennyy-class destroyer. It is however, in theory at least, presently able to support limited vertical replenishment operations for those larger warships.Shaposhnikov
Shaposhnikov is a surname, and may refer to:
Adrian Shaposhnikov, 1888-1967, composer
Boris Shaposhnikov, Soviet military commander in the interwar period
Russian destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov (BPK 543), Udaloy-class destroyer of the Russian Navy named after Boris Shaposhnikov
Natalia Shaposhnikova Two- time Olympic Champion
Yevgeny Shaposhnikov, Marshal of the Air Force, last Minister of Defence of the Soviet UnionUdav-1 anti-submarine system
The UDAV-1 system is a Russian ship-borne Anti-submarine weapon system. The weapon fires a number of different types of rockets, which in addition to attacking submarines provide a multi-layer defense against torpedoes and frogmen. The system operates in conjunction with the ship's sonar.
The system consists of:
A KT-153 remotely controlled multi-barrel automated rocket launcher with indirect elevation/traverse stabilization;
111SG depth-charge rockets with HE warhead and impact-time fuse to engage underwater targets;
111SZ mine-laying rockets with hydro-acoustic proximity fuse for remote mining of a water area to make a barrier for incoming torpedoes;
111SO decoy rockets to divert homing torpedoes from the surface ship by creating false acoustic target;
fire control devices;
an ammunition loading device;
ground support equipment.Vinogradov (disambiguation)
Vinogradov is a Russian surname.
Vinogradov (with variant spellings) may also refer to:
Mons Vinogradov, lunar mountains named after Alexander Pavlovich Vinogradov
Vinogradov (crater), Martian impact crater
Vinogradov Fracture Zone, Antarctic undersea fracture zone
Vynohradiv, city in Western Ukraine
Russian destroyer Admiral Vinogradov, Udaloy-class destroyer of the Russian NavyVladimir Korolyov
Vladimir Ivanovich Korolyov (Russian: Влади́мир Ива́нович Королёв; born 1 February 1955 is a Russian Admiral. He is the former commander in chief of the Russian Navy.Yuri Aleksandrovich Panteleyev
Yuri Aleksandrovich Panteleyev (Russian: Юрий Александрович Пантелеев) (31 October [O.S. 18 October] 1901 – 5 May 1983) was an officer of the Soviet Navy. He rose to the rank of admiral and was commander of the Pacific Fleet.
Born into the family of a Cossack ataman, Panteleyev and his father both were keen yachtsmen, living in Saint Petersburg. With the Russian Revolution in 1917 Panteleyev volunteered with a group of sailors of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Navy, and was soon given his own commands. He took part in the defence of Petrograd during the Russian Civil War, and in the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion in 1921. Undertaking further studies and naval courses, Panteleyev specialised in navigation and served on a number of ships of the Black Sea Fleet, and then as a staff officer of the Northern Military Flotilla. After command of submarine brigades in the Black Sea, Panteleyev was appointed chief of staff of the Baltic Fleet, in anticipation of future hostilities. He served during the Soviet-Finnish War, and after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, was tasked with the Soviet evacuation of Tallinn and then took charge of the naval defence of Leningrad. Success in this area was followed with an appointment to take charge of the Volga Military Flotilla and establish a safe supply of fuel for the armies operating in the region. Having achieved this, he then was appointed commander of the White Sea military flotilla, with the important task of defending and keeping open the approaches to the Northern ports. He successfully arranged the escort and defence of the Arctic convoys, and made airfields and support available to British bombers carrying out attacks on the Tirpitz. For this service he was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath by the British.
After the war Panteleyev served in several staff positions, before being made commander of the Pacific Fleet. Towards the end of his career he maintained an interest in academic affairs, and served in several positions in the Naval Academy, including as its head. Retiring from service, he continued to write, producing several works including his memoirs. He died in 1983, and was buried in Leningrad. The navy honoured his legacy with the naming of the Udaloy-class destroyer Admiral Panteleyev.
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