US Airways

US Airways (formerly known as USAir) was a major American airline that ceased to operate independently when the Federal Aviation Administration granted a single operating certificate (SOC) for US Airways and American Airlines on April 8, 2015. Publicly, the two carriers appeared to merge when their reservations systems and booking processes were merged on October 17, 2015; however, other systems were still separate at that time. The airline had an extensive international and domestic network, with 193 destinations in 24 countries in North America, South America, Europe, and the Middle East. The airline was a member of the Star Alliance, before becoming an affiliate member of Oneworld in March 2014. US Airways utilized a fleet of 343 mainline jet aircraft, as well as 278 regional jet and turbo-prop aircraft operated by contract and subsidiary airlines under the name US Airways Express via code sharing agreements.

The carrier operated the US Airways Shuttle, a US Airways brand which provided hourly service between Logan International Airport in Boston, LaGuardia Airport in New York City, and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Washington, D.C. As of October 2013, US Airways employed 32,312 people worldwide and operated 3,028 daily flights (1,241 US Airways Mainline, 1,790 US Airways Express) Roughly 60% of US Airways flights were operated by US Airways Express.[4]

In 1979, after passage of the Airline Deregulation Act, Allegheny Airlines changed its name to USAir and began seeking to expand its operations. A decade later, it had acquired Piedmont Airlines and Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA), and was one of the U.S.'s seven remaining transcontinental legacy carriers. In 2005, America West Airlines carried out a reverse merger, acquiring the assets and branding of the larger US Airways while putting the America West leadership team largely in charge of the merged airline.

In February 2013, American Airlines and US Airways announced plans to merge, creating the largest airline in the world.[7] The holding companies of American and US Airways merged effective December 9, 2013.[8] In preparation for their eventual integration, the airlines began offering reciprocal frequent flyer benefits on January 7, 2014,[9] and US Airways left Star Alliance to join Oneworld on March 31, 2014.[10] The combined airline carries the American Airlines name and branding and will maintain the existing US Airways hubs in Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, and Washington for a period of at least five years under the terms of a settlement with the Department of Justice and several state attorneys general.[11][12] US Airways management runs the combined airline from the American headquarters in Fort Worth, Texas.[11][13] On April 8, 2015, the FAA officially granted a single operating certificate for both carriers, marking the end of US Airways as an independent carrier. The brand continued to exist until October.[14]

On July 13, 2015, American announced that it planned to discontinue the US Airways brand name on October 17, 2015. On that date, US Airways made the final flight for the airline from San Francisco to Philadelphia with stops at Phoenix and Charlotte, operating as Flight 1939—with 1939 commemorating the birth of All American Aviation, which evolved over the decades to become US Airways.[15][16] However, repainting of US Airways' planes into the American Airlines scheme was expected to take until "late 2016", with new flight attendant uniforms also being introduced in 2016, at which point the US Airways brand was to no longer be displayed on any of its former planes, employees or assets.[16]

US Airways
US Airways Logo 2011
IATA ICAO Callsign

US
USA (1979–2008)
AWE (2008–2015)
USAir (1979–1997)
US AIR (1997–2008)
CACTUS (2008-April 2015)
AMERICAN (April-October 2015)
Founded1937 (as All American Aviation)
Commenced operations1939
1979 (as USAir)
Ceased operationsOctober 17, 2015 (merged into American Airlines)
AOC #AALA025A[1]
Hubs
Frequent-flyer programDividend Miles
Alliance
Subsidiaries
Fleet size
Destinations193[4]
Company sloganThe new American is arriving.
(final slogan – see article)
Parent companyUS Airways Group (now known as American Airlines Group)
HeadquartersTempe, Arizona, United States[5]
Key peopleDoug Parker, CEO[6]
WebsiteArchived official website at the Wayback Machine (archive index)

History

Early Years

US Airways traces its history to All American Aviation Inc, a company founded in 1939 by du Pont family brothers Richard C. du Pont and Alexis Felix du Pont, Jr..[17][18][19][20] Headquartered in Pittsburgh, the airline served the Ohio River valley in 1939. In 1949 the company was renamed All American Airways as it switched from airmail to passenger service; it changed its name again to Allegheny Airlines on January 1, 1953.[18][21]

Allegheny's first jet was the Douglas DC-9 in 1966; it absorbed Lake Central Airlines in 1968 and Mohawk Airlines in 1972 to become one of the largest carriers in the northeastern United States. In 1973 it was the ninth largest airline in the free world by passengers carried (and 24th largest by passenger-miles).[22] With expansion came growing pains: in the 1970s Allegheny had the nickname "Agony Air" due to customer dissatisfaction.[23]

Allegheny's agreement with Henson Airlines, the forerunner to today's US Airways Express carrier Piedmont Airlines, to operate "Allegheny Commuter" flights was the industry's first code-share agreement,[24] a type of service now offered throughout the industry.

1970s: Deregulation and rebranding

USAir DC-9 CLT
Douglas DC-9 in USAir livery (used from 1989–1997)

Allegheny changed its name to USAir in 1979[25] following the passage of the Airline Deregulation Act the previous year, which enabled the airline to expand its route network into the southeastern United States.

USAir was a launch customer for the Boeing 737-300, as the airline needed an aircraft with greater capacity to serve its rapidly growing Florida markets. USAir was the world's largest operator of DC-9 aircraft at the time and approached McDonnell Douglas to negotiate a new airplane design. However, in the late 1970s, the McDonnell Douglas' proposed successor to the DC-9-50 did not suit USAir's requirements. After the negotiations with McDonnell Douglas broke down, Boeing came forward with a proposed variant of the 737. USAir selected the new 737 aircraft and the company worked closely with Boeing during its development, taking delivery of the first plane on November 28, 1984.

1980s: Mergers and expansion

Year Traffic
1980 8,977
1985 15,659
1990 55,903
1995 61,271
2000 75,728
2005 64,600

USAir expanded in the late 1980s, purchasing San Diego–based Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) in 1986 and Winston-Salem, North Carolina–based Piedmont Airlines in 1987.[26] The PSA acquisition was completed on April 9, 1988 and the Piedmont acquisition on August 5, 1989.[27]

The PSA acquisition gave USAir hub presence on the West Coast, while the Piedmont acquisition gave USAir a strong East Coast presence and hubs in Baltimore and Charlotte, which remained key hubs for USAir in later years. The Piedmont acquisition in 1989 was the largest airline merger until then and USAir became one of the world's largest airlines, operating more than 5,000 flights daily.[28] Following the acquisitions, USAir closed down PSA's hubs in California and Piedmont's hubs in Dayton and Syracuse, though both remained focus cities with around 125–150 flights a day each.

2345 Crystal Drive Hbrackett
Crystal Park Four, former headquarters in Crystal City, Arlington County.

By 1990 the airline had consolidated its headquarters, moving from Washington National Airport to a new building at Crystal City in Arlington County, Virginia, near the airport. Maintenance and operations headquarters remained at Pittsburgh International Airport.[29]

1990s: Rebranding, fleet modernization, and failed sell-off

In the early 1990s, USAir expanded its service to Europe with flights to London, Paris, and Frankfurt from its four primary hubs. The company formed partnerships, marketing the Trump Shuttle as the "USAir Shuttle" and accepting a large investment from British Airways that started one of the first transatlantic alliances, resulting in several Boeing 767-200ER aircraft being painted in the British Airways livery, but operated by USAir.[30][31] In 1992, it also invested in a new terminal at its hub in Pittsburgh.[28]

In 1996, the alliance between USAir and British Airways ended in a court battle when British Airways announced its intentions to partner with American Airlines.[32]

In early 1997, USAir changed its name to US Airways and introduced a new corporate identity. A stylized version of the flag of the United States was adopted as a new logo. The new branding was applied to terminals and ticket jackets. The airline painted aircraft in deep blue and medium gray with red and white accent lines.[33]

MetroJet Boeing 737-200 KvW
Boeing 737-200 in MetroJet livery (1998-2001)

That same year, the airline also introduced a single-class subsidiary service known as MetroJet, which competed with low-cost carriers expanding into the East, in particular Southwest Airlines. MetroJet operated Boeing 737-200 aircraft, the oldest aircraft in the fleet and this allowed the aircraft to achieve the maximum utilization possible before being retired.[34]

On November 6, 1996, immediately prior to the re-branding to US Airways, the airline placed an order for up to 400 Airbus A320-series narrow body aircraft, with 120 firm orders at the time of the order signing. At the time, the order was regarded as the largest bulk aircraft request in history. In 1998, the airline followed with an order for up to 30 Airbus A330-series wide-body aircraft, with an initial firm order for seven of the Airbus A330-300 airliners. These orders enabled US Airways to replace its older aircraft with newer, more efficient aircraft, and it helped with the re-branding and repositioning efforts of US Airways.[35]

In 1997, US Airways bought the remains of Trump Shuttle. US Airways also steadily expanded its flights to Europe through the end of the decade. Although the airline returned to profitability in the mid-1990s, its route network's concentration in the U.S. Northeast and high operating costs prompted calls for the company to merge with another airline.[36]

2000s

2000–2004: September 11 and financial woes

Beginning in 2000, US Airways started retiring aircraft in an attempt to simplify its fleet and reduce costs, replacing many of its older planes with the new Airbus A320-family aircraft.

On March 30, 2000 US Airways received its first Airbus A330-300 wide body jet.

On May 24, 2000; US Airways announced plans to be acquired for $4.3 billion by UAL Corp., the parent company of United Airlines, the world's largest commercial carrier at the time. The complex deal drew immediate objections from labor unions, consumer advocates and antitrust regulators.[37] Negotiations stalled; with both airlines losing money and the deal all but certain to be blocked by the federal government, UAL withdrew its purchase offer on July 27, 2001, paying US Airways a $50 million penalty for withdrawing from the deal.[38]

As the largest carrier at Washington National Airport, US Airways was disproportionately affected by that airport's extended closure following the September 11 terrorist attacks. The resulting financial disaster precipitated the closure of the airline's MetroJet network, which led to the de-hubbing of the subsidiary's primary operating base at Baltimore-Washington International Airport and the furloughing of thousands of employees. The airline entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy on August 11, 2002, but received a government-guaranteed loan through the Air Transportation Stabilization Board and was able to exit bankruptcy in 2003[39] after a relatively short period. The airline made major cost reductions during its bankruptcy, but it still encountered higher-than-average per-seat-mile costs.

In 2003, US Airways began exploring the availability of financing and merger partners, and after no financing was available, it filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy again in 2004 for the second time in two years.[40] The airline merged in 2005 with America West Airlines. Under terms of the merger agreement, the America West board of directors created two new entities. First, a new "US Airways Group" was created to receive the bankrupt US Airways' assets and form the new corporation. Second, "America West Holdings" was merged into "Barbell Acquisition Corporation", a subsidiary of the new "US Airways Group", on September 27, 2005; through this transaction, "America West Holdings" became a wholly owned subsidiary of the new "US Airways Group". The "America West Holdings" stockholders were required to authorize these changes. Upon completion, 37% of the new "US Airways Group" would be owned by "America West Holdings" stockholders, 11% by the old "US Airways Group" debtholders and 52% by new equity investors.[41] The result was the 5th largest US based airline in terms of revenue.[42] After the merger was completed on November 4, 2007, the new airline retained the US Airways name, since studies indicated that "US Airways" had better brand recognition worldwide than did "America West".[43]

In early 2003, US Airways management liquidated the pensions of its 6,000 pilots by releasing their pensions into the federal pension program Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. The company was one of the first major airlines to eliminate pilots' pensions in order to cut costs.[44]

Following a trial run of selling in-flight food in 2003, US Airways discontinued free meal service on domestic flights later that year.

2003–2004: Pittsburgh hub conflict

PIT US Airways
US Airways operations in Pittsburgh following hub elimination.

In late 2003-early 2004, US Airways lobbied for lower operating fees at Pittsburgh International Airport, citing its economies of scale as the primary carrier and largest tenant at the airport. US Airways attempted to leverage its adverse cash position and "red ink" in the years following 9/11 to negotiate better financial terms with the airport. The Allegheny County Airport Authority rejected US Airways' demands for reduced landing fees and lower lease payments, in part due to antitrust and FAA regulations that required the airport operator to extend the same financial terms to all carriers if it accepted US Airways' demands. US Airways threatened to move traffic to rival hubs in Philadelphia and Charlotte, and the airline made good on its threat in November 2004, reducing its flights at Pittsburgh International Airport from primary-hub to secondary-hub status. This action also resulted in the closing of the commuter terminal, also known as concourse E. The airline, led by former ExpressJet Airlines CEO David N. Siegel, continued to demote Pittsburgh International Airport in subsequent years until it became only a focus city airport for the company.[45] By 2010, Pittsburgh was no longer listed as a US Airways focus city.[46] US Airways now operated an average of only 39 departures a day exclusively to domestic destinations, compared to 2001 when it was a hub with 500+ flights a day with service across the United States and to Europe.[47]

Western Pennsylvania leaders and most notably the designer of the 1992 modernization of Pittsburgh International, Tasso Katselas, pointed out that the reason fees and payments were higher than average is expressly because US Airways requested the most modern and advanced airport in the world in return for basing its hub there. Katselas has also been vocal that the issue of negotiable fees and payments are irrelevant when compared to the three biggest costs of any airline: fuel, time, and labor, all of which his redesign of PIT from 1987–1992 helped to reduce. In fact, those changes created the most efficient, least costly and least financially wasteful airfield in the world. Although conceding that those updates cost more, he argued they were more than offset by Pittsburgh's vast built-in nonnegotiable fuel and time, and to a lesser degree, labor savings.[48]

2004–2005

In August 2004, US Airways attempted to build a Latin American gateway at Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood, announcing service to 10 cities in Latin America and the Caribbean.[49] The attempt was largely unsuccessful and short-lived, in part due to Fort Lauderdale's proximity to American Airlines' hub at Miami International Airport and its extensive Latin American network. US Airways also began a process of de-emphasizing its hub-and-spoke system to capitalize on direct flights between major eastern airports such as Washington National Airport and New York-LaGuardia.

The airline became the 15th member of the Star Alliance on May 4, 2004.[50]

Fuel costs and deadlocked negotiations with organized labor, chiefly the Air Line Pilots Association, traditionally the first group to come to a concessionary agreement, forced US Airways into a second round of Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection proceedings on September 12, 2004. Widespread employee discontent and a high volume of employee sick calls were blamed by the airline for a staff shortage around the 2004 Christmas holiday, a public relations disaster which led to speculation that the airline could be liquidated; the USDOT found that the problems were caused primarily by poor airline management.[51]

US Airways/America West merger

US Airways Planes at Sky Harbor
US Airways Boeing 737-300 at Phoenix Sky Harbor Concourse A-Terminal 4. (2008)

Even before the second bankruptcy filing of 2004, one of the alternatives US Airways Group explored was a possible merger with America West, as the two airlines had complementary networks and similar labor costs. The parties held preliminary discussions and conducted due diligence from February through July 2004. Ultimately, these talks ended due to issues related to labor, pension, and benefit costs.

By December 2004, US Airways had cut labor costs significantly. Its investment adviser, the Seabury Group, suggested putting the airline up for sale. The following month, US Airways Group and America West Holdings resumed their discussions. On May 19, 2005, both airlines officially announced the merger deal, structured as a reverse takeover. Financing for the deal was supplied by outside investors including Airbus, an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, the European aerospace consortium. Air Wisconsin Airlines Corporation, operator of numerous US Airways Express flights, and ACE Aviation Holdings, the parent company of Air Canada, also bought shares in the combined airline. The merged airline retained the US Airways name to emphasize its national scope, as well as to capitalize on US Airways' worldwide recognition, Dividend Miles frequent flyer program, and Star Alliance membership.[52] On September 13, 2005, America West shareholders voted to approve the merger agreement and three days later the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Virginia approved US Airways' emergence from bankruptcy, allowing the merger to close on September 27.

Since the merger, US Airways had been headquartered at the former America West corporate offices in Tempe, Arizona, and America West executives and board members were largely in control of the merged company. The company's aircraft merged FAA operating certificate included America West's airline call sign and identifiers "CACTUS" and "AWE".

Post-2005 merger

During 2006, the airline began consolidating its operations under the US Airways brand. Operations were not fully integrated until October 2008, when government approval was obtained to allow the airlines to operate under a single operating certificate.

In May 2006, the US Airways and America West web sites were merged. The new US Airways web site united the two brands using graphics and styles reflective of the airline's new livery and services.

In July 2006, US Airways and America West ordered 20 new Airbus A350 aircraft.[53]

In December 2006, US Airways became the first American "legacy" carrier to add the Embraer 190 to its mainline fleet.[54] It remains one of only two American carriers to operate the E190 in scheduled service, jetBlue being the other.

At the end of 2006, US Airways made a bid for competitor Delta Air Lines, which it opposed, treating it as a hostile takeover by US Airways. The final bid was valued at $10 billion but was withdrawn on January 31, 2007, since US Airways failed to secure backing from Delta's creditors. The airline has stated that it will no longer pursue a possible takeover of Delta.[55]

Aircraft were equipped with Verizon Airfone in every row of seats. Since Verizon ended this service, the airline has deactivated the service and as of 2007, has removed the phones or has covered them in all aircraft.

Overnight on March 4, 2007, the US Airways and America West computer reservation systems merged. US Airways, which previously used the Sabre airline computer system, switched to the new QIK system, an overlay for the SHARES system, that had been used by America West. A few of the features from the Sabre system were incorporated into the new joint system, with the most prominent being the continued utilization of the Sabre ramp partition "DECS" for all computer functions related to weight and balance, aircraft loading and technical flight tracking within the company.

America West Airlines and the US Airways merged FAA certificates on September 25, 2007. Former America West employees (including pilots, fleet service personnel, flight attendants) remained on their original America West union contracts and did not fully combine work forces with their pre-merger US Airways counterparts. Until October 2008, former America West aircraft flew with their respective crews and used the call sign "CACTUS", while the pre-merger US Airways crews primarily flew with their respective aircraft and used the call sign "US AIR". In October 2008, the company began operating under a single operating certificate (that of the former US Airways). This required operation under a single call sign and identifier, and that of America West ("CACTUS" and "AWE") were chosen as a sign of the company lineage. In addition, flights operated using former America West aircraft and crews were numbered 1–699, whereas flights operated by pre-merger US Airways aircraft and crews were numbered 700–1999. (Flights numbered 2000–2199 were shuttle services and those 2200 and higher were operated by express subsidiaries.) Aircraft operated by pre-merger US Airways crews or former America West crews flew under two different United States Department of Transportation operating certificates until September 25, 2007. However, until pilot and flight attendant union groups from both sides successfully negotiated a single contract, each group of crewmembers would fly only on its pre-merger airlines' aircraft and the flights would be marked accordingly.

Since the computer systems were merged, former America West-operated flights were marketed as though America West was a wholly owned carrier. This marketing is common practice for airlines that have code-share agreements with other airlines operating aircraft for feeder or regional routes and although the practice is uncommon for major airlines, it greatly simplified the process for passengers connecting between historically US Airways-operated flights and former America West-operated flights.

In summer 2007, US Airways began upgrading its in-flight services, from food and entertainment to the training of flight attendants. The airline was planning to test-market a new seat back entertainment system in early 2008, however the 2008 fuel crisis ended those plans. As a further result of the skyrocketing fuel costs, the airline rolled back the planned summer 2007 service upgrades as well as ending its existing in-flight entertainment on all domestic routes.[56]

2007

A Consumer Reports survey of 23,000 readers in June 2007 ranked US Airways as the worst airline for customer satisfaction. The survey was conducted before the airline's March 2007 service disruptions. A follow-up survey polling a smaller sample size, conducted in April, found that US Airways remained in last place, with its score dropping an additional 10 points.[57] Also in 2007, the Today/Zagat Airline Survey rated US Airways as the worst airline overall in the United States, ranking it 10/30 for comfort, 5/30 for food, 10/30 for service and 15/30 for its online reservations system.[58]

On August 1, 2008, US Airways ceased providing its passengers with complimentary beverages. Passengers were required to purchase bottled water or soda for $2 US or $1 US for coffee and tea. However, the Shuttle flights between LGA, DCA and BOS continued to offer free beverages.[59] US Airways resumed serving complimentary drinks in March 2009.

US Airways ranked last out of 20 domestic airline carriers for systemwide on-time performance in March, April, and May 2007, according to DOT figures. According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics June 2008 report (using data from May 2008), US Airways ranked 7th for percentage of on-time arrivals.

US Airways was the leader in service complaints with 4.4 complaints per 100,000 customers. The US Airways rate of customer complaints was 7.5 times the rate of JetBlue (0.59 complaints per 100,000 customers) and 11 times the rate of Southwest Airlines (0.4 complaints per 100,000 customers).[60] US Airways had a very poor record of addressing customer complaints, answering only 50% of the telephone calls to its customer service department.[61]

By September 2007, US Airways continued to downgrade Pittsburgh International Airport's status from 500 flights a day (with 12,000 employees) in 2001 to just 68 flights a day (with only 1,800 employees). CEO Parker stated his frustration at the economics of Pittsburgh and referred to the possibility of service further decreasing. This represented a further deterioration of a strained relationship with Allegheny County, with which the airline shared significant historical ties.[62] US Airways Group Inc. said October 3, 2007 it would cut mainline flights at Pittsburgh International Airport to 22 a day from 31 and reduce regional flights to 46 a day from 77, beginning January 6, 2008, essentially reducing the airport to a destination spoke in its network.[63] Pittsburgh was no longer a focus city for the airline as of its most recent annual report and January 2008 flight schedule reductions.

2008

US Airways East pilots took steps to relinquish their ALPA membership and form their own in-house union.[64] "East" pilots were dissatisfied with the results of binding arbitration when the arbitrator's ruling placed all active former America West pilots, including their most junior pilot, who had been hired only three months previous to the merger, ahead of furloughed US Airways pilots with up to seventeen years of service. The former US Airways pilots petitioned the National Mediation Board to conduct a vote to determine whether to replace their union. East pilots (3,200) outnumbered west pilots (1,800) and the proposed union's president stated that the union had a sufficient number of requests to call a vote according to National Mediation Board regulations.[65] The new union would be called the US Airline Pilots Association (USAPA). On April 17, 2008, USAPA was voted in as the sole bargaining agent for the pilots of US Airways, East and West.

It took more than a year to correct problems stemming from the merger and by 2008, US Airways was one of the best performers among the legacy carriers. The carrier had the best departure and arrival performances among the other major US carriers. Because of strong On-Time departure and On-Time arrival performances it was the number one major carrier. Northwest was the only other carrier that had better performances but became a part of Delta during that year.

On April 25, 2008, it was reported that US Airways was in talks to merge its operations with either American Airlines or United Airlines, partially as a response to the recent Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines merger.[66] Then, on April 28, 2008, reports stated that US Airways would announce its intent to merge with United within two weeks.[67] At the end of May 2008, the airline announced that merger talks were formally ended.[68]

On May 20, 2008, according to the annual American Customer Satisfaction Index by the University of Michigan, US Airways ranked last in customer satisfaction among the major airlines.[69] However, it was making steady ground to bridge its gap with other airlines.

In late 2008, US Airways closed its Las Vegas hub, which was part of the America West network.

2009

Coast Guard video (8:07 long) of the crash and rescue; splashdown is at 3:31:02 pm

On January 15, 2009, US Airways Flight 1549, under the command of Captain Chesley Sullenberger, flying from New York City's LaGuardia Airport to Charlotte Douglas International Airport, ditched into the Hudson River shortly after takeoff. Multiple bird hits from a flock of Canada geese caused both engines to lose power.[70] All 150 passengers and 5 crew members survived (2 pilots and 3 flight attendants) New York's Governor David Paterson called it "the miracle on the Hudson".[71]

US Airways received its first Airbus A330-200 in June 2009.

In mid-2009 it was reported that US Airways, along with American Airlines and United Airlines was placed under credit watch. Experts say several factors, including capital and revenue, played a role in the airline's addition to the list.[72][73] On October 2, US Airways reported that it had a buyer for 10 of its 25 Embraer 190 Aircraft. The remaining 15 aircraft were scheduled to be redeployed to Boston where they would operate Boston to Philadelphia and the Boston to New York LaGuardia leg of the US Airways Shuttle service. On December 8, 2009, US Airways began service to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão airport operated by a Boeing 767-200, its first route to South America.

2010s

The Airline continued to operate scheduled flights and profits were seen to be sustainable. The airline was in good shape. 2010 was a better year for the airline due to no recorded incidents or accidents following the ditching of flight 1549 the previous year. The airline was profitable up to the merging with American Airlines in 2015.

2010

US Airways cut many routes to close its focus cities at Las Vegas, Boston, and New York LaGuardia. The airline was given tentative government approval to trade many of its LaGuardia takeoff and landing slots to Delta Air Lines in exchange for Delta's slots at Washington National. This exchange would strengthen each airline's presence at both airports. The DOT gave approval pending the carriers selling a small percentage of their routes to other carriers. US Airways and Delta disagreed with the decision and said they planned to sue the US DOT.[74]

On April 7, 2010, The New York Times reported that US Airways was "deep in merger discussions" with United Airlines. The report stated that a deal would not be reached for several weeks, but indicated that a deal was close.[75] Several weeks later, however, on April 22, 2010, the airline ended discussions with United regarding the merger.[76] Shortly thereafter, United announced that it would merge with Continental Airlines instead.[77]

2011

In April 2011, US Airways earned the top spot in the 2011 Airline Quality Rating (AQR) report among "Big-Five" hub-and-spoke carriers.[78] US Airways President Scott Kirby said that US Airways was the last viable airline in the U.S. to merge and that any potential merger would be with one of three U.S. carriers: United Airlines, American Airlines or Delta Air Lines.[79] Kirby also commented that US Airways' membership in the Star Alliance would make a merger with United Airlines easier, but added that "it's not meaningful enough to really be a factor".[80] Among the 10 largest domestic airlines, consumers scored US Airways last for overall customer satisfaction in a May 2011 Consumer Reports survey.[81][82][83]

In May 2011, Business Insider reported that American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) ranked US Airways sixth in a list of "The 19 Most Hated Companies in America".[84]

In July 2011, the pilots' union, USAPA, purchased a full page advertisement in USA Today, questioning US Airways management's commitment to safety. US Airways transmitted a communication to all of its employees, on the same day as the ad, denying the accusations. In September 2011, US Airways requested and was granted an injunction against the pilots, claiming the pilots union, USAPA, was using their commitment to safety as a negotiating tactic.

2012

In January 2012, US Airways expressed interest in taking over bankrupt carrier American Airlines.[85] Tom Horton, CEO of American parent AMR Corporation, said in March that American was open to a merger.[86] A Bloomberg News report dated March 23, 2012, stated that US Airways had been in talks with AMR's creditors about a takeover bid.[87] On December 7, 2012, US Airways announced a merger proposal with American Airlines. The merger required approval from a bankruptcy judge, which was successful. The combined airline would keep the American Airlines name and would be based in American's hometown of Fort Worth.[88]

2013

On February 14, 2013, US Airways Group and AMR Corporation announced that the two companies would merge to form the largest airline in the world. In the deal, shareholders of AMR would own 72% of the new company and US Airways Group shareholders would own the remaining 28%. The combined airline would carry the American Airlines name and branding, while US Airways' management team, including CEO Doug Parker, would retain most operational management positions. The headquarters for the new airline would also be consolidated at American's current headquarters in Fort Worth, Texas.[11][13] On August 13, 2013, the United States Department of Justice along with attorneys general from six states and the District of Columbia filed a lawsuit seeking to block the merger, arguing that it would mean less competition and higher prices. Arizona, Florida, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Virginia, states where either American or US Airways maintained a large presence, were among the plaintiffs in the lawsuit, as was Tennessee.[89]

On November 12, 2013, the two companies reached a deal with the Department of Justice.[90] That allowed the companies to complete the merger on December 9, 2013.[91]

Final years and ceasing operations

On April 8, 2015, American Airlines flights operated by US Airways retired the Cactus callsign used by US Airways since the America West merger. The final flight to use it was Flight 774 from London to Philadelphia.[92]

On July 13, 2015, American announced that it planned to discontinue the US Airways brand name on October 17, 2015. On that date, US Airways made its final flight: Flight 1939 (for the year the airline was founded), using an Airbus A321 registered N152UW,[93] and would take off as US Airways Flight 1939 and land as American Airlines Flight 1939. The flight originated from Philadelphia International Airport, at 10:05 AM, October 16, 2015 continuing to Charlotte Douglas International Airport, then to Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, and then to San Francisco International Airport. The aircraft made its final leg on the evening of October 16, as a red-eye flight from San Francisco International Airport back to Philadelphia International Airport. It landed ahead of schedule at 5:52AM EDT, and at that point, the US Airways brand and all operations under its name were officially terminated.[94][95]

Company affairs and identity

Headquarters

USAirwaysHQTempe
US Airways headquarters in Tempe, Arizona, formerly the America West Airlines headquarters

Prior to the merger with American Airlines, US Airways had its headquarters in Tempe, Arizona in Greater Phoenix. The nine-story,[96] 225,000-square-foot (20,900 m2) building was originally occupied by America West Airlines.[97] Jahna Berry of the Arizona Business Gazette said in 2005 that the building "is one of the dominant buildings in downtown Tempe".[98] It is located in proximity to the southwest intersection of Rio Salado Parkway and Mill Avenue.[99] The City of Tempe gave America West $11 million in incentives and tax breaks so it would occupy what is now the US Airways headquarters, which cost $37 million to construct.[100]

Construction of the building began in January 1998, although the official groundbreaking ceremony was held on February 19 of that year.[101] By of 2006 over 700 employees worked in the building.[96] On May 31, 2013, W.P. Carey Inc. gave 75% interest in the US Airways headquarters to Parkway Properties Inc. for $41.8 million or $185 per square foot.[99] As of December 2013, 780 employees worked in the building. After the merger between American Airlines and US Airways concluded, Hayley Ringle of the Phoenix Business Journal stated in December 2013 that the facility became "just a large office of American Airlines Group". That month, John McDonald, the American Airlines vice president of corporate communications and public affairs stated that the US Airways headquarters would continue to be used for at least five years and for the time being most of the employees at the US Airways headquarters would remain.[102]

Previously US Airways had its headquarters in Crystal Park Four, a Class A mixed-use development in Crystal City, in Arlington County, Virginia near Washington, D.C.[103] Park Four is between Reagan National Airport, The Pentagon, and the District of Columbia.[104] After the merger with America West Airlines, the company decided to close its Virginia headquarters and moved the employees into the former America West building in three to six months after the merger closed.[105] Russell Grantham at the Atlanta Journal-Constitution said that the decision to move the headquarters to Tempe was not that difficult because the Crystal City facility "consisted of like two or three floors of people."[106]

Flight Operations Center

Pittsburgh International Airport won a three-way competition between Phoenix and Charlotte in 2007 for the right to continue as US Airways' Global Flight Operations center. Opening in November 2008, US Airways invested more than $25 million ($29.1 million today) into a 72,000-square-foot (6,700 m2) facility. It replaced a smaller 11-year-old (pre-merger) operations center closer to downtown Pittsburgh.[107][108] The state-of-the-art Ops Center opened ahead of schedule and was home to approximately 600 employees. It served as the nerve center for all of US Airways' nearly 1,400 daily mainline flights. As part of its merger with American Airlines, the airline intended to close the flight operations center and would consolidate with the American Airlines Integrated Flight Operations Center near Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, the headquarters of American Airlines. The move was expected to take within 18 months.[109] It was announced that the operations center would close on August 23, 2015.[110]

Community support

Do Crew

The US Airways Do Crew program was the airline's employee community-service program. Employee volunteers in the program participated in community-based projects on a monthly basis through local chapters in Boston, Charlotte, Las Vegas, New York City, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Washington, D.C., and Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Livery

N647AW-2008-09-13-YVR
A US Airways (formerly America West) Airbus A320, landing at Vancouver International Airport, Vancouver
US Airways Airbus A330-200 (N280AY) arrives London Heathrow 21Sep2014 arp
US Airways Airbus A330-200 arrives London Heathrow Airport (2014)

US Airways had operated various liveries under the US Airways name. In general, the Express and Shuttle divisions had liveries that closely paralleled the company-wide livery at the time, but later shared the same aircraft with mainline US Airways.

The pre-1995 US Airways featured a dark blue livery; after it merged with America West, US Airways, switched to a mostly white livery.[111]

Following US Airways merger with American Airlines, all US Airways aircraft were progressively painted into the American Airlines livery. The first jet to re-enter revenue service in the American livery in January 2014 was an Airbus A319, tail number N700UW, which previously sported a Star Alliance branding.[112]

However, one aircraft, an Airbus A321 under registration N578UW, has been left unpainted in the US Airways livery, as one of American's heritage aircraft. The only difference is that the actual US Airways logo near the front of the fuselage has been replaced with the American Airlines logo; however, the rest of the aircraft remains identical to US Airways livery.

Slogans

  • USAir – "Fly the USA on USAir"
  • USAir (late 1980s) – "USAir is Your Choice"
  • PSA and USAir (late 1980s) – "Now our smile is even wider."
  • USAir (early 1990s) – "USAir Begins With You"
  • USAir (mid 1990s) – "Fly the Flag With USAir"
  • US Airways (early 2000s) – "Where I Fly the Flag"
  • US Airways (post 9/11) – "The Carrier of Choice"
  • US Airways (first bankruptcy) – "Together We Fly"
  • US Airways (post first bankruptcy) – "Clear Skies Ahead"
  • US Airways (post America West merger) – "Fly with US"
  • US Airways (post American Airlines merger) – "The new American is arriving"

Destinations

Riverapproach
A US Airways Airbus A319 aircraft on final approach to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Washington, D.C.
US Airways hubs listed by departures (Average as of 4Q13)
Rank Airport Flights
1 Charlotte, North Carolina 613
2 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 429
3 Phoenix, Arizona 255
4 Washington, D.C. – Ronald Reagan Washington National 222

US Airways operated 3,031 flights a day to 193 destinations in 24 countries from its hubs in Phoenix, Charlotte, and Philadelphia.

US Airways' routes were concentrated along the East Coast of the United States, Southwestern United States, and the Caribbean, with a number of routes serving Europe and primary destinations along the U.S. West Coast. The airline's western U.S. presence had increased following the merger with America West. Codesharing with United Airlines (before leaving the Star Alliance) had helped US Airways by enabling the airline to offer its customers service throughout the Midwest, Great Plains, and Rocky Mountains states. Services to South America, Asia, and Australia also were offered via the American Airlines codeshare. Likewise, American passengers benefitted from increased access via US Airways to the U.S. East Coast, Europe, and the Caribbean. US Airways Express carriers operated a large number of domestic routes, primarily into US Airways' hubs and focus cities, but with some exceptions, particularly small markets where the regional express carriers operated service under the EAS program, as well as some point-to-point commuter routes in the northeast and mid-Atlantic regions and south through the Carolinas. Before US Airways completely merged into American Airlines, US Airways was the last and only major US airline that has never flown to Eastern Asia although they had codeshares with American Airlines and most Asian air carriers partnered in the OneWorld Alliance.

In 2007, the airline applied for flights to Bogotá, Colombia, however the U.S. Department of Transportation denied the application after the agency awarded Delta Air Lines, JetBlue Airways, and Spirit Airlines the routes from Delta's New York-JFK hub, JetBlue from Orlando and Spirit from Fort Lauderdale.

In 2008, US Airways and other airlines struggled with the price of fuel. Despite that, US Airways CEO Doug Parker said "It [Philadelphia] is our international gateway. We'd like to expand that". Service to London Heathrow Airport began in March 2008. The airline also added three international flights during the summer of 2009, including Tel Aviv, from Philadelphia.[113] US Airways also started year-round service between Charlotte and Rio de Janeiro which was discontinued in early 2015.[114]

In 2009, US Airways and Delta reached an agreement to exchange landing/takeoff slots at both LaGuardia Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport. US Airways also planned to receive additional route authority to São Paulo from Delta as a result of this transaction. Service to São Paulo from its Charlotte hub was discontinued on October 1, 2014.[115]

On November 21, 2012, the airline was awarded a landing slot at London Heathrow Airport in order to operate nonstop flights between Charlotte and London Heathrow Airport. The new service was to complement the airline's existing route from Philadelphia to London Heathrow.[116] The airline began service from Charlotte to Heathrow on March 30, 2013, replacing its existing service from Charlotte to Gatwick, which ended the airline's service to Gatwick.[117]

Codeshare agreements

US Airways had codeshare agreements with the following airlines as of June 2014:[118]

Former agreements
  • Big Sky Airlines (ceased operations March 8, 2008)
  • Caribbean Sun (ceased to exist when the airline shut down on January 31, 2007)
  • Continental Airlines (codeshared with America West Airlines[124] and ended the agreement on May 1, 2002, citing low code-shared flight sales; Continental resumed its reciprocal frequent flyer agreement on October 25, 2009, when it joined the Star Alliance and ended the agreement in 2012 when it merged with United)
  • Northwest Airlines (codeshared with America West Airlines on flights from Asia; Northwest merged with Delta in 2010)
  • Qantas (codeshared with both US Airways in the 90s and America West Airlines before the merger; and after the merger with the combined US Airways/America West Airlines and ended the agreement February 28, 2007 due to Qantas being in the competing Oneworld airline alliance)
  • Aegean Airlines (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • Air China (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • Air New Zealand (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • All Nippon Airways (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)
  • Asiana Airlines (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)
  • Avianca (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • Brussels Airlines (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)
  • Croatia Airlines (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)
  • EVA Air (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • Lufthansa (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)
  • South African Airways (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • Swiss International Air Lines (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)
  • TAP Portugal (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance)
  • United Airlines (ended with US Airways withdrawal from Star Alliance on March 30, 2014)

Fleet

By mid-2014, US Airways maintained a predominantly Airbus fleet, with some Boeing jets and small fleet of Embraer jets; one of which, the Embraer 190, was in the mainline fleet. The post-merger US Airways continued to operate the largest fleet of Airbus aircraft in the world.[125]

Subsidiaries Piedmont and PSA exclusively flew Bombardier CRJ (PSA), and de Havilland Dash 8 (DHC-8) / Embraer 145 (Piedmont).

Cabin

Envoy

Envoy was US Airways' long-haul business class product, found on flights to Europe, the Middle East, and South America. There were three types of Envoy seating in the US Airways fleet:

  • Fully flat suites in a reverse herringbone 1–2–1 configuration were found on all Airbus A330-200 and A330-300s. These were the Cirrus model designed by Sicma Aeroseat and featured a fully flat semi-private "pod".[126]
  • Internationally configured Boeing 767-200s featured deep recline cradle seats with around 165 degrees of recline.

Previously, the first row of all Airbus A330-300s were fully flat seats, formerly US Airways' international first class product. With the transition from three- to two-class international service, these seats were, for a time, offered at a fee to Envoy customers.

Every seat had a personal on-demand video screen either attached to the arm rest or as a portable unit passed out by the crew that offered movies, games and syndicated television shows in multiple languages. There was also an EmPower or AC outlet at each seat.[127]

The airline offered complimentary food and beverage service for all Envoy passengers.

In 2015, to align with American Airlines branding, the short-haul international premium cabin (flights to Canada, Mexico, Caribbean, and Central American) were renamed business class.

First Class

First Class was the premium cabin on domestic flights and was offered on all mainline aircraft as well as US Airways Express aircraft over 50 seats. Seat pitch ranged from 35 to 38 inches (89 to 97 cm) and a seat width ranging from 20 to 21 inches (51 to 53 cm). Free wine, beer and spirits and a snack basket were offered on all flights, as were blankets. Meals were provided on flights of 2.5 hours or longer.

Main Cabin

Main Cabin was available on all aircraft, with a seat pitch ranging from 30 to 33 inches (76 to 84 cm) and a seat width ranging from 17 to 18 inches (43 to 46 cm). Domestic service was a buy-on-board program with full meals available for purchase on flights of 3.5 hours or longer, while shorter flights offered snack boxes. Coffee, tea and soft drinks were complimentary with alcohol available for purchase. Transatlantic and South American flights included standard meals and beverages (including wine) free of charge, with premium meals available for purchase, which included one alcoholic beverage.[128]

Inflight entertainment

US Airways offered GoGo Inflight Internet on Airbus A321 aircraft, Embraer 190/175/170 fleets and Airbus A319/A320 fleet. US Airways had also signed up for GoGo Vision streaming video service which would be available on all GoGo equipped aircraft. Flights to Europe, South America, Hawaii, and domestic flights over 700 miles operated with Boeing aircraft featured movies and TV episodes on overhead screens in Coach. The Airbus A330s featured AVOD at every seat in both Economy and Business Class with a selection of movies, TV episodes, music, and games. Complimentary headsets were available in both Business and Economy on flights to Europe, South America, and the Middle East.

GoGo was usually priced US$5–15 on domestic flights. It was never available on international flights.

Dividend Miles

USAir dividendmiles

Dividend Miles was US Airways Group's frequent-flyer program. Members earned one mile for every mile flown on US Airways on any published fare – paid flights taken in First Class or Envoy received a 50% mileage bonus. Members also earned miles on flights on partner airlines and for partner hotel stays, car rentals, shopping at the Dividend Miles mall and for purchases made with a US Airways credit card. Miles could be redeemed for free flights, upgrades, and more. Dividend Miles was to be absorbed into American Airlines's AAdvantage program in the second quarter of 2015.[129] However, American Airlines announced on March 13, 2015, that Dividend Miles would be merged into American's AAdvantage program "within the next 30 days".[130] On March 24, 2015, it was confirmed that Dividend Miles would be absorbed into American's AAdvantage program on March 28, 2015.[131] On March 28, 2015, Dividend Miles was officially absorbed into American Airlines's AAdvantage program.[132]

In addition to its US Airways Express and Oneworld partnerships, the Dividend Miles program with other partner airlines or programs included:[133]

Airport lounges

US Airways Club

US Airways' airport lounge was called the US Airways Club. There were 19 lounges in 13 airports across the United States. As part of the merger, all US Airways clubs were gradually rebranded as American's Admirals Clubs in 2014, except for a few that closed.[134][135]

In addition to those with paid memberships, the following customers also had complimentary access to Admirals Club locations:

  • Passengers traveling in Business Class (renamed from Envoy Class) on an international flight
  • Oneworld Emerald and Sapphire members, except American's AAdvantage members and US Airways Dividend Miles members who were travelling domestically.

Envoy Lounge

Philadelphia International Airport's Terminal A formerly had an Envoy Lounge reserved exclusively for Envoy Class, Star Alliance international premium passengers, and Star Alliance Gold members traveling on long-haul international flights. Due to the lounge's proximity to departing long-haul international flights, this lounge offered a much wider array of food than was typically found at US Airways Clubs. In 2011, the airline converted the Envoy Lounge into a standard US Airways Club, now an Admirals Club.

Incidents and accidents

The incidents and crashes listed below include only those of US Airways and US Air (and not predecessor or merger airlines such as Allegheny, Piedmont, PSA or America West; or partnering regional commuter airlines operating US Airways flights under the brand US Airways Express).

See also

References

  1. ^ "Airline Certificate Information – Detail View". av-info.faa.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. May 12, 2015. Certificate Number AALA025A
  2. ^ Reed, Ted (March 20, 2013). "US Airways Declares National Airport a Hub at Senate Hearing". TheStreet.com. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  3. ^ "US Airways to join oneworld on March 31, 2014". The Wall Street Journal. December 9, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c "Fact Sheet" (PDF). US Airways. November 30, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "US Airways - Phone/email". usairways.com. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  6. ^ "American Airlines and US Airways Announce Post-Merger Management Team". frequentbusinesstraveler.com. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  7. ^ Bartz, Diane; Jacobs, Karen (July 1, 2013). "State Attorneys General Join Probe Of American Airlines, U.S. Airways Merger". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  8. ^ Maxon, Terry (November 27, 2013). "Judge OKs American Airlines-US Airways merger, American's exit from bankruptcy". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on November 28, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  9. ^ Spira, Jonathan (December 1, 2013). "American Airlines: Challenges Ahead Include Merging Systems, Changing Alliances, and Aligning In-Flight Service". Frequent Business Traveler. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
  10. ^ "US Airways to join oneworld on 31 March 2014". oneworld. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c "American Airlines and US Airways to Create a Premier Global Carrier -- The New American Airlines" (Press release). Fort Worth, TX & Tempe, AZ: AMR & US Airways Group. February 14, 2013. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  12. ^ Kurtzleben, Danielle (November 12, 2013). "AMR, US Airways Reach Settlement with Justice Department on Merger". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016.
  13. ^ a b "American Airlines, US Airways unveil $11 billion merger". Reuters. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  14. ^ Karp, Gregory (April 8, 2015). "American Airlines, US Airways get FAA approval to fly as one carrier". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  15. ^ "Last US Airways flight taking off from Philadelphia, stopping in Charlotte, Phoenix, San Fran". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Associated Press. October 18, 2015. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  16. ^ a b Mutzabaugh, Ben (October 16, 2015). "US Airways' Final Flight Closes Curtain on Another Major Airline". USA Today. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  17. ^ "History of American Airlines - About us". American Airlines. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Benton, Sarah Ann (June 22, 2015). Franklin. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439652008.
  19. ^ Plautz, Jessica. "US Airways takes off: A look back at the now former airline". Mashable. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  20. ^ Scott Mayerowitz. "Timeline of major events in US Airways history". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  21. ^ "US Airways". Encyclopædia Britannica. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  22. ^ Air Transport World May 1974
  23. ^ "Hoover's profile of US Airways, Company History". Hoover's. September 7, 2007. Retrieved September 7, 2007.
  24. ^ Arnoult, Sandra (October 31, 2005). "Piedmont's Roots Run Deep". Air Transport World.
  25. ^ "Allegheny Asks New Name". The Toledo Blade. Associated Press. March 30, 1979. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  26. ^ "US Airways Group, Inc. – Company History". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  27. ^ Hamilton, Martha M. (May 25, 1989). "USAir Rolls Out a Brand-New Image; Spruced-Up Jet's New Graphics Aim to Show National Carrier Status". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 13, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  28. ^ a b Salpukas, Agis (January 19, 1992). "USAir Discovers There is Life After a Messy Merger". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  29. ^ Hamilton, Marcha M. (May 12, 1988). "USAir Plans Move to Crystal City". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  30. ^ US Air 767 in British Airways Livery at airliners.net
  31. ^ "Search of US Air Planes in British Airways Livery". Airliners.net. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  32. ^ Morrow, David J. (July 31, 1996). "USAir Sues British Airways Over Pact With American". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  33. ^ "USAir to Become US Airways" (Press release). USAir. November 12, 1996. Archived from the original on January 28, 1997. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
  34. ^ Piorko, Janet (June 17, 1998). "Business Travel; U S Airways' low-fare Metro Jet service is an effort to beat Southwest Airlines at its own game". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  35. ^ "US Airways Turns to Airbus in Ordering Long Haul Planes". The New York Times. July 3, 1998. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  36. ^ Oppel Jr., Richard A. (August 3, 1999). "Hedge Fund May Seek Sale of US Airways". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  37. ^ Norris, Floyd (May 24, 2000). "Stalwart Investors in US Airways Stand to Gain Vindication". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  38. ^ Gilpin, Kenneth N. (July 28, 2001). "Antitrust Challenge Stops United Merger with US Airways". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  39. ^ "Congratulations, US Airways. Now What?, Scorecard 7", Unisys Archived May 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ "US Airways files for bankruptcy....Second time in two years". NBC News. Associated Press. September 13, 2004. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  41. ^ "PROSPECTUS US AIRWAYS GROUP, INC". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. September 20, 2005. pp. A-2–4, B-2–18. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  42. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (January 4, 2006). "US Airways starts push to ditch America West name". USA Today. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  43. ^ Alexander, Keith L. (May 20, 2005). "US Airways merges with America West". The Washington Post.
  44. ^ Walsh, Mary Williams (January 30, 2003). "US Airways Seeks Reworking of Pilots' Pension Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  45. ^ "Dismantling Pittsburgh: Death of an airline hub". USA Today. October 12, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  46. ^ "About US Airways". .usairways.com. Archived from the original on November 2, 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  47. ^ "Daily NonStop Flights (pdf)". Pitairport.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  48. ^ "Sunday Forum: Abandoned by US Airways". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 16, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  49. ^ "US Airways Announces Fort Lauderdale Hollywood as Caribbean and Latin America Gateway; GoFares Are a Hallmark of the Airline's Newest Focus City" (Press release). Thefreelibrary.com. August 23, 2004. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  50. ^ "US Airways Joins Star Alliance". The New York Times. June 2, 2003. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  51. ^ White, Jerry (December 28, 2004). "US Airways workers stage Christmas job action". World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  52. ^ "AMENDMENT NO. 2 TO FORM S-1". Securities and Exchange Commission. September 20, 2005. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  53. ^ "Airbus A350 XWB Aircraft Airliner History Pictures and Facts". Aviation Explorer. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  54. ^ "US Airways takes Delivery of E190 Aircraft". Flight Widsom. December 31, 2006. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  55. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (February 1, 2007). "US Airways' hopes dashed". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved February 6, 2007.
  56. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (April 15, 2007). "Glitches cloud US Airways' outlook". The Arizona Republic.
  57. ^ "Best airlines for today's busy skies". Consumer Reports. July 2007. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 30, 2007.
  58. ^ "Zagat Survey 2007 Guide to U.S. Airlines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  59. ^ Waller, Nikki (August 1, 2008). "Starting Today, No More Free Water on US Air". The Wall Street Journal.
  60. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (October 4, 2007). "US Airways tops for complaints". USA Today. Retrieved February 19, 2013. US Airways scored the lowest with 4.4 complaints per 100,000 customers. That was double its rate from a year ago
  61. ^ Alexander, Keith (August 1, 2006). "US Airways To Tackle Complaints". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2008. The correspondence, mostly complaints, is piling up at the airline's Tempe, Ariz., headquarters... Only about 50 percent of customer service phone calls are now getting answered
  62. ^ Vellucci, Justin (September 15, 2007). "US Airways' Pittsburgh market share under 40 percent". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  63. ^ "US Airways cutting Pittsburgh service". Pittsburgh Business Times. October 3, 2007. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  64. ^ Gibbons, Christia (August 21, 2007). "US Airways pilots at odds over contract". The Arizona Republic. p. 29. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  65. ^ Reed, Ted. "US Airways Pilots to Seek New Union". TheStreet.com. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
  66. ^ Das, Jui Chakravorty (April 25, 2008). "American Airlines in talks with Continental, US Air". Wayback. Reuters.
  67. ^ "United & US Airways Merger Talks Underway, Continental Totally Jealous?". Peter Greenberg.com. April 9, 2010. Retrieved October 22, 2011.
  68. ^ Carpenter, Dave (May 30, 2008). "US Airways-United Merger is 'off at this time'". USA Today. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
  69. ^ "Customer Satisfaction Hits The Rock Bottom US Airways at the bottom of airline customer satisfaction survey". American City Business Journals. Global Travel Industry News. May 20, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  70. ^ "NTSB Confirms Birds In Engines Of Flight 1549". The Star-Ledger. Newark. Associated Press. February 4, 2009. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  71. ^ Pilkington, Ed (January 15, 2009). "Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York". The Guardian. London. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  72. ^ Maxon, Terry (July 27, 2009). "S&P puts US Airways on credit watch". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  73. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (August 2, 2009). "S&P: Southwest remains on credit watch". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  74. ^ "Delta Reinforces New York Commitment with Plan for Domestic Hub at LaGuardia Airport" (Press release). Delta Airlines. August 12, 2009. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  75. ^ "United and US Airways Said to be in Merger Talks". The New York Times. April 7, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
  76. ^ Reed, Dan (April 22, 2010). "Irked US Airways ends merger talks with United". USA Today. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
  77. ^ Smith, Aaron (May 3, 2010). "United and Continental to merge". CNN. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  78. ^ "US Airways Soars to Top of Annual Airline Quality Rating". Business Wire. April 4, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  79. ^ Reed, Ted (June 1, 2010). "Merger Probability Is High". TheStreet.com. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  80. ^ Reed, Ted (May 22, 2011). "US Airways: Merger Still Looms". TheStreet.com. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  81. ^ Neighbor, Megan (May 11, 2011). "US Airways workers rewarded for baggage handling". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  82. ^ "Consumer Reports rates airlines and JetBlue and Widwest topped surveys". Chatham Journal. Pittsboro, North Carolina. June 21, 2007. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  83. ^ Loyd, Linda (May 10, 2011). "US Airways scores lowest in consumer survey". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  84. ^ Lubin, Gus; Giang, Vivian (June 29, 2011). "The 19 Most Hated Companies In America". Business Insider. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  85. ^ Joyce, Matt (January 26, 2012). "US Airways CEO confirms interest in American Airlines". Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  86. ^ "American Airlines open to merger, CEO hints". Charlotte Business Journal. March 19, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  87. ^ Schlangenstein, Mary; McCracken, Jeffrey (March 23, 2012). "US Airways Said to Brief AMR Creditors on Takeover Plan". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  88. ^ "American Airlines Closer To Merger With US Airways". KOTV News. December 7, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  89. ^ Perez, Evan (August 13, 2013). "US government seeks to block American-US Airways merger". CNN.
  90. ^ Mouawad, Jad; Drew, Christopher (November 12, 2013). "Justice Dept. Clears Merger of 2 Airlines". The New York Times.
  91. ^ "AMR Corp and US Airways Group Come Together" (Press release). American Airlines. December 9, 2013.
  92. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (April 10, 2015). "'Cactus' call sign fades into US Airways history". The Arizona Republic.
  93. ^ Bookbinder, Adam (October 16, 2015). "US Airways Comes To An End". KRTH News.
  94. ^ "US Airways' final flight closes curtain on another major airline". USA Today. October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  95. ^ Patterson, Thom (October 17, 2015). "US Airways' last flight evokes 'golden age'". CNN. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  96. ^ a b "Phoenix mostly shrugs at prospect of Delta merger". Atlanta Journal Constitution. November 19, 2006. p. A1. Retrieved October 22, 2015. More than 700 people work at US Airways' nine-story headquarters.
  97. ^ "Carey Diversified Finances America West Headquarters; $25 Million Non-Recourse Mortgage Secured by Recently Completed Facility" (Press release). Highbeam.com. July 27, 1999. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  98. ^ Berry, Jahna (June 2, 2005). "Tempe breathes a sigh on AmWest merger plan". Arizona Business Gazette. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  99. ^ a b Hansen, Kristena (June 17, 2013). "US Airways headquarters building sold in Tempe for $42 million". Phoenix Business Journal. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  100. ^ "United-America West Deal Has Implications Across The West". Lodi News-Sentinel. Associated Press. January 22, 1999. p. Business 13. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  101. ^ "America West Completes Financing of New Corporate Headquarters". PR Newswire. February 23, 1998. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  102. ^ Ringle, Hayley (December 9, 2013). "Workers at former US Airways HQ in Tempe celebrate new American Airlines". Phoenix Business Journal. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  103. ^ ""Fast Facts."". Archived from the original on January 28, 1997. Retrieved May 30, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) USAir. January 28, 1997. Retrieved on April 29, 2010.
  104. ^ "US Airways: Bye-bye, Crystal City?". Washington Business Journal. May 20, 2005. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  105. ^ Berry, Jahna (June 2, 2005). "Tempe breathes a sigh on AmWest merger plan". Arizona Business Gazette. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  106. ^ Grantham, Russell (January 7, 2007). "US Airways vows fight for hostile Delta". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. In the case of US Airways-America West, it was a good bit easier because their headquarters in Crystal City, Virginia, consisted of like two or three floors of people. ... That's not the case in Atlanta. It's a much harder decision to make.
  107. ^ Gallagher, Jim (August 4, 1989). "USAir, Piedmont merger takes off tomorrow". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1.
  108. ^ Fitzpatrick, Dan; Belko, Mark (June 10, 2004). "US Airways shifts 130 training jobs to N.C." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  109. ^ "US Airways closing operations center at Pittsburgh International". Elwood City Ledger. January 25, 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  110. ^ "US Airways operations center in Moon to close in late August". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. July 29, 2015.
  111. ^ Mouawad, Jad (December 23, 2011). "On Jet Exteriors, a Parade of Vanilla". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
  112. ^ "First US Airways Aircraft Takes to the Skies in American Airlines Livery" (Press release). American Airlines. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  113. ^ "US Airways CEO: We'll get through the turmoil". Philadelphia Inquirer. July 20, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  114. ^ "US Airways to drop CLT flight to Rio de Janeiro". Charlotte Business Journal. February 4, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2014.
  115. ^ "American to discontinue flight from Charlotte to Sao Paulo". The Charlotte Observer. July 31, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  116. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (November 21, 2012). "US Airways wins rights for Charlotte-Heathrow route". USA Today. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  117. ^ "US Airways starts Charlotte-London Heathrow flights". Star-News. Wilmington, North Carolina. December 17, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  118. ^ "US Airways Codeshare partners". US Airways. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  119. ^ "US Airways / airberlin Plans Codeshare Service from May 2014". RoutesOnline.com. April 23, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  120. ^ Thomaselli, Rich (January 13, 2014). "American Airlines and US Airways Begin Codeshare Agreement". Travel Pulse.
  121. ^ "US Airways joins transatlantic JV; adds British Airways codeshare". Air Transport World. May 7, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  122. ^ "Airline Routes". Air Transport World. August 1, 2014. Archived from the original on August 1, 2014.
  123. ^ "Customers To Have More Access To Spain And Portugal Through US Airways' Codeshare Agreement With Atlantic Joint Business Partner Iberia" (Press release). American Airlines. June 11, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  124. ^ "Continental Ends Ticket Alliance With America West". The New York Times. March 28, 2002.
  125. ^ "7,000th Airbus aircraft delivered – an A321 to US Airways" (Press release). Airbus SAS. December 12, 2011. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  126. ^ "US Airways Fleet information". Airreview.com. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
  127. ^ "US Airways IFE information". Airreview.com. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
  128. ^ "Food and beverages". Main Cabin. US Airways. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  129. ^ "US Airways, American to combine frequent flyer programs in 2015". Charlotte Observer. October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  130. ^ "AA, US loyalty programs to merge 'within 30 days'". USA Today. March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  131. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (March 24, 2015). "American to absorb US Airways' frequent flier accounts on Saturday". USA Today. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  132. ^ "US Airways - Contact AAdvantage". usairways.com. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  133. ^ "Airline Partners". US Airways. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  134. ^ "US Airways - US Airways Club". usairways.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  135. ^ Miller, Seth (January 7, 2014). "AA and US Airways Merge Loyalty Programs, Lounge Access, More". Fodor's. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  136. ^ "NTSB Identification: NTSB/AAR-87/02/SUM". aviation-safety.net. March 28, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  137. ^ "NTSB Identification: DCA89MA074". Ntsb.gov. September 20, 1989. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  138. ^ "NTSB Identification: DCA91MA018A". Ntsb.gov. February 1, 1991. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  139. ^ "NTSB Identification: DCA92MA025". Ntsb.gov. March 22, 1992. Archived from the original on July 3, 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  140. ^ "NTSB Identification: DCA94MA065". Ntsb.gov. July 2, 1994. Archived from the original on July 1, 2009. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  141. ^ "NTSB Identification: DCA94MA076" (PDF). Ntsb.gov. September 8, 1994. Retrieved October 5, 2011.

External links

2005 Logan Airport runway incursion

The 2005 Logan Airport runway incursion was a near runway collision that occurred at approximately 7:40 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time on June 9, 2005 between US Airways Flight 1170 (US1170) and Aer Lingus Flight 132 (EI132). EI132 was an Airbus A330-300 aircraft, owned and operated by the Irish airline Aer Lingus, destined for Shannon, Ireland, and carrying 12 crew members and 260 passengers. US1170 was a Boeing 737-300 aircraft owned by Wells Fargo Bank Northwest NA and operated by US Airways, destined for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and carrying 6 crew members and 103 passengers. The near collision took place on the runway at General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport (BOS), in Boston, Massachusetts. In total 381 people were on board the two aircraft.

2008–09 Phoenix Suns season

The 2008–09 Phoenix Suns season was the 41st season of the franchise in the National Basketball Association (NBA). The season was to be a promising one, filled with All-Star talent at several positions. It was believed over the offseason, the Suns would be able to better incorporate Shaquille O'Neal, who necessitated changes to both the offense and defense after being obtained in a trade one season ago. It was also the first season head coach Terry Porter had been able to use the summer to implement his defensive approach for a team which had in seasons past scored a large number of their points off fast breaks and early in the shot clock. Sensing a need for change, team management traded for scorer Jason Richardson in December, but this did not appear to immediately reinvigorate an offense that had recently led the league in points per game. However, after Phoenix went 28–23 to start the season, Suns assistant Alvin Gentry was named to replace Porter as head coach. Less than one week after the All-Star Game, Amar'e Stoudemire sustained a season-ending eye injury while the improvement of the team never fully came. The Suns finished 46–36, second in the Pacific division but out the playoffs for the first time since Steve Nash rejoined the Suns in the 2004–05 season.

AMR Corporation

AMR Corporation was a commercial aviation business and airline holding company based in Fort Worth, Texas, which was the parent company of American Airlines, American Eagle Airlines, AmericanConnection and Executive Airlines. AMR filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in November 2011, and merged with US Airways Group on December 9, 2013 to form American Airlines Group, Inc.

Air Wisconsin

Air Wisconsin Airlines is a regional airline based at Appleton International Airport in the town of Greenville, Wisconsin, United States, near Appleton. Air Wisconsin originally operated as one of the original United Express partners in 1986, and operated then as US Airways Express on behalf of US Airways prior to becoming an American Eagle regional air carrier. As of March 2018, Air Wisconsin operates exclusively as a United Express regional air carrier once again with primary hubs located at Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD), Denver International Airport (DEN), and Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD).

Allegheny Airlines

Allegheny Airlines (IATA: AL, ICAO: ALO, Call sign: ALLEGHENY) was a U.S. airline that operated out of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, from 1952 to 1979. It was a forerunner of US Airways, now merged into American Airlines. Its headquarters were at Washington National Airport in Arlington County, Virginia.

America West Airlines

America West Airlines was a U.S. regional airline headquartered in Tempe, Arizona. Their main hub was at Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix, Arizona, with a secondary hub at Las Vegas McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada. The airline acquired U.S. Airways in 2005 but took on the name of U.S. Airways. America West served approximately 100 destinations in the US, Canada, and Mexico. Service to Europe was provided through codeshare partners. In March 2005, the airline operated a fleet of 132 aircraft, with a single maintenance base at Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix. Regional jet and/or turboprop feeder flights were operated on a code sharing basis by Mesa Airlines and Chautauqua Airlines as America West Express.

Beginning in January 2006, all America West flights were branded as US Airways, along with most signage at airports and other printed material, though many flights were described as "operated by America West." Apart from two heritage aircraft, the only remaining America West branding on aircraft can be found on some seat covers and bulkheads. The merged airline used America West's "CACTUS" callsign and ICAO code "AWE", but retained the US Airways name. As part of a merger between American Airlines and US Airways in February 2013, which led to American becoming the world's largest airline, the call sign and ICAO code name was later retired on April 8, 2015 when the FAA granted a single operating certificate for both US Airways and American Airlines. The US Airways brand continued until October 17, 2015, when American Airlines retired the name.

American Airlines Group

American Airlines Group Inc. is an American publicly traded airline holding company headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. It was formed December 9, 2013, in the merger of AMR Corporation, the parent company of American Airlines, and US Airways Group, the parent company of US Airways. The airline groups together form the largest airline in the world, with more than 6,700 daily flights to 350 locations in 56 countries worldwide, about $40 billion in operating revenue, over 100,000 employees, and plans to take delivery of 607 new aircraft, including 517 narrowbody aircraft and 90 widebody international aircraft. The integration of American Airlines and US Airways was completed when the Federal Aviation Administration granted a single operating certificate for both carriers on April 8, 2015. The company ranked No. 71 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.

Capital Centre

Not to be confused with the former Turner's Arena (also known as Capitol Arena) nor with the current Capital One Arena, both in Washington, D.C. proper.

The Capital Centre (later USAir Arena and US Airways Arena) was an indoor arena in the eastern United States, located in Landover, Maryland, east of Washington, D.C..Opened in late 1973, it closed in 1999, and was demolished in 2002. The seating capacity was 18,756 for basketball and 18,130 for hockey. The elevation at street level was approximately 160 feet (50 m) above sea level.

The U.S. Census Bureau defined the land, later occupied by The Boulevard at the Capital Centre, as being in the Mitchellville census-designated place as of the 1990 U.S. Census, while in the 2000 U.S. Census the area was placed in the Lake Arbor CDP.

Chesley Sullenberger

Chesley Burnett "Sully" Sullenberger III (born January 23, 1951) is an American retired airline captain who, on January 15, 2009, landed US Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River off Manhattan after both engines were disabled by a bird strike; all 155 people aboard survived. Sullenberger is a speaker on airline safety and has helped develop new protocols for airline safety. He served as the co-chairman, along with First officer Jeffrey Skiles, of the EAA's Young Eagles youth introduction-to-aviation program from 2009 to 2013.Sullenberger retired from US Airways after 30 years as a commercial pilot on March 3, 2010. In May of the following year, Sullenberger was hired by CBS News as an Aviation and Safety Expert.He is the co-author, with Jeffrey Zaslow, of the New York Times bestseller Highest Duty: My Search for What Really Matters, a memoir of his life and of the events surrounding Flight 1549, published in 2009 by HarperCollins. His second book, Making a Difference: Stories of Vision and Courage from America's Leaders, was published in May 2012. He was ranked second in Time's "Top 100 Most Influential Heroes and Icons of 2009", after Michelle Obama.

Doug Parker

William Douglas "'Doug" Parker (born 1962) is an American businessman who is the current Chairman and CEO of American Airlines Group, Inc., the parent company of American Airlines.

List of airline mergers and acquisitions

This article lists airline mergers and acquisitions, with a brief history of each:

Air India

2007 - Merged with Indian Airlines. Kept Air India name.

Air Berlin

2006 - Acquired dba

2007 - Acquired LTU

2009 - Acquired LGW

2009 - Acquired Belair

2011 - Acquired flyNiki

2017 - Filed for insolvency

Air New Zealand

2000 - Acquired Ansett Australia, Ansett collapsed, proving to be more of a drain than asset.

Air Canada

2000 - Acquired Canadian Airlines.

Air France

2004 - Merged with KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, changing the company name to Air France KLM, although the two airlines still operate as separate airlines.

Air Jamaica

2010 - Acquired by Caribbean Airlines

Air West

1968 - Pacific Air Lines (originally Southwest Airways), Bonanza Air Lines, and West Coast Airlines merged to form Air West

1970 - Howard Hughes purchased Air West and renamed it Hughes Airwest

AirTran Airways

1997 - Bought by the holding company for ValuJet Airlines, the holding company merged their ValuJet airline into AirTran thus keeping the AirTran name.

2010 - Bought by Southwest Airlines, AirTran fleet transferred to Southwest and AirTran becomes an inactive subsidiary.

Alaska Airlines

1986 - Acquired Jet America Airlines.

1986 - Acquired Horizon Air, which continues to operate as a separate airline.

2016 - Acquired Virgin America. Kept Alaska Airlines name.

America West Airlines

2005 - Merged with bankrupt US Airways, retaining the US Airways name.

American Airlines

1971 - Acquired Trans Caribbean Airways

1987 - Acquired Air California

1990 - Acquired the Eastern Airlines' route network from Miami to Latin America and the Caribbean

1997 - Acquired Reno Air

2001 - Acquired TWA

2013-2015 - Merged with US Airways. Currently the world's largest carrier. Kept American Airlines name

Avianca

1919 - Begins as SCADTA

1940 - Merged with SACO, retains Avianca name

1994 - Merged with SAM

2003 - Acquired ACES Colombia

2008 - Acquired Tampa Cargo

2008 - Acquired Aerogal

2009 - Merged with TACA

2014 - Acquired AeroUnion, which continues to operate as a separate airline

Aurora

2013 - Formed by merger of Aeroflot subsidiaries SAT Airlines and Vladivostok Air

Braniff International Airways

1982 - Eastern purchased Braniff's South American routes

Bulgaria Air

2010 - Merged with Hemus Air kept the name Bulgaria Air

Canadian Airlines

1987 - Formed by merger of Canadian Pacific Airlines, Eastern Provincial Airways, Nordair, and Pacific Western Airlines.

2000 - Acquired by Air Canada.

Caribbean Airlines

2010 - Acquired Air Jamaica.

Cathay Pacific

2006 - Acquired full ownership over Dragonair, which continues to operate as a separate airline (rebranded to Cathay Dragon in 2016).

Cimber Air

2008 - Acquired bankrupt Sterling to form Cimber Sterling.

Continental Airlines

1934 - Begins as Varney Speed Lines

1982 - Acquired by Texas International / Merges, retains Continental name

1987 - merges with People Express, Frontier, and New York Air

1987 - Acquires PBA and Britt Airways from People Express merger / creates Continental Express

2010-2012 - Merged with United Airlines, kept United name.

Delta Air Lines

1924 - Started as Huff Daland Dusters

1928 - Huff Daland Dusters was purchased by C.E. Woolman and renamed Delta Air Service after the Mississippi Delta

1953 - Purchased the Chicago and Southern Air Lines, and flew under the name Delta C&S for the next two years

1972 - Purchased Northeast Airlines

1984 - Established the Delta Connection (ASA, Comair, Skywest, ...)

1987 - Merged with Western Airlines

1991 - Purchase of Pan Am's European routes, and acquired Pan Am's shuttle, forming what is today Delta Shuttle

1996 - Delta Express began service, ended November 2003

2003 - Song began service, ended May 2006

2008-2010 - Merged with Northwest Airlines, was world's largest carrier at time of merger, kept Delta name

2017 - Bought 10% of Air France KLM

2017 - Bought 32% of Aeromexico to total a stake of 49% ownership

Eastern Airlines

1986 - Purchased by Texas International, but continues to operate separately as Eastern Airlines

1990 - American Airlines purchased Eastern's routes from Miami to Latin America and the Caribbean

Frontier Airlines

2007 - Entered service agreement with Republic Airways

2008 - Declared Bankruptcy, then purchased by Republic

2009 - Still under the Frontier name, Republic mandates a merger between Frontier and Midwest Airlines

2013 - Enter a contract with Indigo, beginning a transition into an ULCC

Hughes Airwest

1970 - Howard Hughes purchased Air West and renamed it Hughes Airwest

1980 - Republic Airlines bought out Hughes Airwest

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

2004 - Acquired by Air France, which changed its company name to Air France KLM, although the two airlines still operate as separate airlines.

LOT Polish Airlines

1929 - Aero and Aerolot merged to form LOT Polish Airlines

LAN

2012 - LAN and TAM merged to form LATAM

National Airlines

1979 - Merged with Pan Am

Northeast Airlines

1972 - Delta purchased Northeast Airlines

Northwest Airlines

1916 - Founded by Col. Lewis Patenaude, under the name Northwest Airways

1927 - Began flying passengers

1949 - With its new routes to the far east, re-branded itself as Northwest Orient Airlines

1986 - Purchased Republic Airlines, and dropped the word Orient from its brand name

2008-2010 - Merged with Delta. Became world's largest airline by passenger traffic in 2008 under the Delta name.

Ozark Airlines

1943 - Ozark Air Lines is founded, then ceases operations in late 1940's

1944 - Parks Air Transport (Parks Air Lines) is founded

1950 - Ozark Air Lines resumes operations

1950 - Purchased Parks Air Transport (Parks Air Lines)

1986 - Purchased by Trans World Airlines, TWA

Pan Am

1928 - Merged with Aviation Corporation of the Americas/American International Airways

1928 - Founded and formed by the merger of Atlantic, Gulf, and Caribbean Airways

1950 - Merged with American Overseas Airlines

1979 - Merged with National Airlines

1985 - United Airlines Purchased Pan Am's entire Pacific Division

1990 - United Airlines Purchased Pan Am routes to London Heathrow Airport

1991 - United Airlines Purchased Pan Am's entire Latin American Division

1991 - Delta Air Lines purchased Pan Am's European routes, and acquired Pan Am's Shuttle

Republic Airlines (Republic Airlines 1979-1986)

1979 - Founded and formed by the merger of North Central Airlines and Southern Airways

1944 - Southern Airways is founded

1944 - Wisconsin Central Airlines is founded

1952 - Wisconsin Central Airlines changes name to North Central Airlines

1968 - Air West is founded and formed by the merger of Pacific Air Lines, Bonanza Air Lines and West Coast Airlines

1970 - Air West changes name to Hughes Airwest

1980 - Purchases Hughes Airwest

1986 - Purchased by Northwest Orient

Republic Airways Holdings

2005 - Acquired Shuttle America.

2009 - Acquired Midwest Airlines.

2009 - Acquired Frontier Airlines.

Rossiya Airlines

2006 - Increases by merger with Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise

2016 - Increases by merger with Donavia and Orenair and re-brands

S7 Airlines (Siberia Airlines)

2001 - Acquired Vnukovo Airlines and Baikal Airlines

2004 - Acquired Enkor

2005 - Re-brands from Siberia Airlines to S7 Airlines and makes Moscow-Domodedovo as the main hub

2008 - Acquired Perm Airlines

Southwest Airlines

1985 - Acquired Muse Air

1993 - Acquired Morris Air

2008 - Acquired certain assets of bankrupt ATA Airlines

2010 - Acquired AirTran

Trans World Airlines

1925 - First Incorporate as Western Air Express

1927 - Maddux Air Lines is founded

1927 - Standard Air Lines is founded

1928 - Transcontinental Air Transport is founded

1929 - Maddux Air Lines merges with Transcontinental Air Transport

1930 - Standard Air Lines merges with Western Air Express

1930 - Western Air Express merges with Transcontinental Air Transport, rebranded itself as Transcontinental & Western Air, T&WA, later changed name to Trans World Airlines, TWA

1934 - Western Air Express broke off from Transcontinental & Western Air, T&WA and briefly changed its name to General Air Lines, returning to the name Western Air Express after several months

1986 - Purchased Ozark Air Lines

2001 - Purchased by American Airlines, retains name American Airlines

United Airlines

1931 - Purchased National Air Transport

1931 - Purchased Pacific Air Transport

1931 - Purchased Varney Air Lines

1961 - Merged with Capital Airlines

1985 - Purchased Pan Am's entire Pacific Division

1990 - Purchased Pan Am routes to London Heathrow Airport

1991 - Purchased Pan Am's entire Latin American Division

2012 - Merged with Continental Airlines. Was the world's largest carrier at the time of merger. Kept United name

US Airways

1938 - Started as All American Aviation Company, renamed All American Airlines and then Allegheny Airlines

1957 - Changed name to Allegheny Airlines

1968 - Purchased Lake Central Airlines

1972 - Purchased Mohawk Airlines

1979 - Changed name to USAir

1988 - Purchased Pacific Southwest Airlines

1989 - Purchased Piedmont Airlines

1992 - Operates former Trump Shuttle for banks, renamed by banks as Shuttle, Inc, dba USAir Shuttle

1997 - Changed name to US Airways

1997 - Purchased former Trump Shuttle, now Shuttle, Inc from Banks, dba US Airways Shuttle

1998 - Launches low-fare carrier MetroJet

2000 - Merges US Airways Shuttle into US Airways

2001 - Dissolves low-fare carrier MetroJet

2005 - Merged with America West, keeping the US Airways brand

2013-2015 - Merged with American Airlines, kept American Airlines name

Virgin America

2016 - Merged with Alaska Airlines, kept Alaska Airlines name

Western Airlines

1925 - First incorporated as Western Air Express by Harris Hanshue

1926 - Western's first flight took place

1928 - Reincorporated as Western Air Express Corp.

1930 - Purchased Standard Airlines (subsidiary of Aero Corp. of Ca. founded in 1926). WAE with Fokker aircraft merged with Transcontinental Air Transport T-A-T to form Transcontinental & Western Air T&WA.

1934 - Western Air Express broke off from Transcontinental & Western Air T&WA and briefly changed its name to General Air Lines, returning to the name Western Air Express after several months

1941 - Western Air Express changed its name to Western Air Lines, which was later altered to Western Airlines

1967 - merged with Pacific Northern Airlines

1987 - Delta merged with Western Airlines (kept Delta name)

Lufthansa

1955 - Created Deutsche Flugdienst GmbH in conjunction with other companies and subsequently owned 25.81% of it

1959 - Increased its shares in Deutsche Flugdienst to 95.5%. In 1961 Deutsche Flugdienst bought "Condor-Luftreederei“ renaming itself then "Condor Flugdienst GmbH"

1989 - Created SunExpress Airlines as a joint venture with Turkish Airlines

1995 - Transferred SunExpress shares over to Condor

1999 - Purchased 26% of Air Dolomiti

2003 - upped its stake to 51.9% (April) and then 100% (November) of Air Dolomiti

2006 - Lufthansa sold its remaining 50% stake in Condor to KarstadtQuelle AG

2007 - In conjunction with the sale of Condor, LH took back its shares of SunExpress

2005-2007 - Purchased Swiss Int'l Airlines

2008 - Purchased Austrian Airlines

2008 - Purchased BMI (Sold in 2011 to IAG (British Airways))

2008 - Acquired 45% of Brussels Airlines

2008 - Purchased 19% of Jetblue

2009 - Acquired 100% of Germanwings

2016 - Acquired remaining 55% of Brussels Airlines

2017 - Acquired Air Berlin

Loftleidir-Icelandic

1979 - Flugfélag Íslands and Loftleiðir merged, and the airline became known as Icelandair.

British Airways and Iberia

2010 - International Airlines Group was formed by the merger of two airlines. Both carriers continued to operate under separate brand.

MetroJet (American airline)

MetroJet was a no-frills airline brand operated as a wholly owned division of US Airways from 1998 until 2001.

MidAtlantic Airways

MidAtlantic Airways was a regional airline based at Pittsburgh International Airport in Findlay Township, Pennsylvania, USA. It was a subsidiary of US Airways and operated the Embraer 170 medium-jet aircraft as a US Airways Express carrier. It ceased operations on May 27, 2006.

Piedmont Airlines

Piedmont Airlines, Inc. is an American regional airline operating for American Eagle, formerly US Airways Express. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of the American Airlines Group, headquartered in unincorporated Wicomico County, Maryland, near the city of Salisbury. It conducts flight operations using Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft. Piedmont Airlines, Inc. also provides ground handling and customer service for airports in the Northeastern & Western parts of the United States. Its main base is Philadelphia International Airport with an additional hub at Charlotte Douglas International Airport.

Pittsburgh International Airport

Pittsburgh International Airport (IATA: PIT, ICAO: KPIT, FAA LID: PIT), formerly Greater Pittsburgh International Airport, is a civil–military international airport in the eastern United States, in the suburbs of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is located in Findlay and Moon townships of Allegheny County, about twenty miles (30 km) west of downtown Pittsburgh, at an elevation of 1,141 feet (350 m) above sea level.

It was built to replace Allegheny County Airport, which was closer to Pittsburgh but too small to handle the growing passenger traffic. The new airport construction began in 1946 and opened in 1952. Over the decades, passenger traffic increased for the airport, especially as US Airways developed it as a major hub and expanded its services both domestically and internationally. Additional runways were added or lengthened and changes made in the terminal. Traffic continued to increase. It is now the first U.S. airport to allow non ticketed passengers to the air side terminal since the September 11 attacks.

A major, nearly billion dollar expansion and improvements were undertaken by the county and airport authority in 1987 at the request of US Airways, which operated a hub there and took on major financing of the changes. The new facilities opened in 1992 and have been ranked highly by travelers and industry journals, with some of the design becoming a model for other airports. In the early 21st century, airlines struggled with changing financial conditions, and US Airways began scaling down its local operation, shifting to Philadelphia and Charlotte.

Since 2015, the airport has had success in attracting new low-cost carriers, including Allegiant Air, Frontier Airlines, and Spirit Airlines, along with international carriers Condor and British Airways.

Today, PIT serves a multitude of locations throughout the Northeast, Southeast, South, Midwest, Rocky Mountains and West Coast.

Pittsburgh International Airport is the busiest airport in western Pennsylvania and the second-busiest airport in the state, after Philadelphia International Airport. In 2018 it served 9,658,897 passengers, a 7.5% rise from the previous year.

Talking Stick Resort Arena

The Talking Stick Resort Arena is a sports and entertainment arena in downtown Phoenix, Arizona, United States. It opened on June 6, 1992, at a construction cost of $89 million. It was known as America West Arena from 1992 to 2006 and as US Airways Center from 2006 to 2015.It is home to the Phoenix Suns of the National Basketball Association (NBA), the Phoenix Mercury of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) and the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League (IFL). The National Hockey League (NHL)'s Phoenix Coyotes played their first 7.5 seasons at the arena following their arrival in Phoenix in 1996. The Phoenix RoadRunners of the ECHL played at the arena from their inaugural 2005–06 season until they ceased operations at the conclusion of the 2008–09 season.

Located near Chase Field, home of the Arizona Diamondbacks, the arena is one million square feet (93,000 m2) in size on an 11-acre (4.5 ha) site. These two major league sports venues are half of those used by Phoenix area professional teams, the other two being State Farm Stadium and Gila River Arena in the neighboring Phoenix suburb of Glendale.

Renovations were completed in March 2003, which feature a 16,000-square-foot (1,500 m2) air conditioned glass-enclosed atrium built on the northwest side of the arena, to keep patrons cool while waiting in line for tickets or spending time inside the building before events. The total cost was estimated at around $67 million. The upgrading of the arena was done as part of the Phoenix Suns' plan to keep it economically competitive after Gila River Arena opened. Former Suns owner Jerry Colangelo originally thought of the renovations after visiting Staples Center in Los Angeles and envisioned a similar entertainment district in Phoenix. On January 23, 2019, the Phoenix City Council voted in approval for further renovations involving the arena, with the Phoenix Suns paying up to $80 million, alongside any further costs necessary for said renovations.

US Airways Express

US Airways Express was the brand name for the regional affiliate of US Airways, under which a number of individually owned commuter air carriers and regional airlines operate short and medium haul routes. This code sharing service was previously operated as USAir Express. Mainline carriers often outsource to regional airlines to operate services in order to increase frequency, serve routes that would not sustain larger aircraft, or for other competitive reasons. US Airways Express operations were conducted from smaller markets in the United States, Canada, and the Bahamas primarily centered on US Airways' major hubs and focus cities. Upon the completion of US Airways' merger process with American Airlines, US Airways Express was rebranded as American Eagle on October 17, 2015.

US Airways Flight 1549

US Airways Flight 1549 was an Airbus A320 which, in the climbout after takeoff from New York City's LaGuardia Airport on January 15, 2009, struck a flock of Canada geese just northeast of the George Washington Bridge and consequently lost all engine power. Unable to reach any airport, pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles glided the plane to a ditching in the Hudson River off Midtown Manhattan. All 155 people aboard were rescued into nearby boats, and there were few serious injuries.

The accident came to be known as the "Miracle on the Hudson", and a National Transportation Safety Board official described it as "the most successful ditching in aviation history". The Board rejected the notion that the pilot could have avoided ditching by returning to LaGuardia or diverting to nearby Teterboro Airport.

The pilots and flight attendants were awarded the Master's Medal of the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators in recognition of their "heroic and unique aviation achievement".

US Airways Group

US Airways Group Inc. was an airline holding company based in Tempe, Arizona. US Airways Group operated US Airways, along with its subsidiaries PSA Airlines, Inc. and Piedmont Airlines, Inc., which are wholly owned but marketed under the branding of US Airways Express. It merged with America West Holdings Corporation, parent of America West Airlines, in 2005, and the combined company adopted the better-known US Airways name; the two airlines' operating certificates merged in 2007. It also operates additional companies that provide associated services. ACE Aviation Holdings, the Canadian parent of Air Canada retained a roughly 6.1% investment stake in US Airways Group. The route network covered destinations in 47 states, as well as international destinations.

The company merged with AMR Corporation; the combined business began trading under the new name of American Airlines Group on December 9, 2013. The combined airlines formed the largest airline in the world. US Airways' CEO, Doug Parker, became CEO of the new company.

US Airways reported incidents
Flight Date Aircraft Location Description Injuries
Fatal Serious Minor Uninjured
499[136] February 21, 1986 Douglas DC-9-31 Erie, Pennsylvania Overran icy runway; hull loss but no fatalities 0 0 0 23
5050[137] September 20, 1989 Boeing 737-400 Flushing, New York Deflection of rudder during takeoff 2 3 18 40
1493[138] February 1, 1991 Boeing 737-300 Los Angeles, California Collision; ATC controller separation error 35 12 17 37
405[139] March 22, 1992 Fokker 28-4000 Flushing, New York Improper deicing procedures, pilot error 27 9 12 3
1016[140] July 2, 1994 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 Charlotte, North Carolina Windshear during missed approach 37 16 4
427[141] September 8, 1994 Boeing 737-300 Hopewell Township, Beaver County, Penn. Uncommanded rudder deflection 132
1549 January 15, 2009 Airbus A320-200 New York, New York Bird strike in both engines, causing dual engine failure (NTSB) 0 2 3 150

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.