USS William P. Lawrence

USS William P. Lawrence (DDG-110) is an Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer built by Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding. She is the 60th ship in her class. The ship is named for Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence (1930–2005), a naval aviator, fighter pilot, test pilot, Mercury astronaut finalist, Vietnam War prisoner of war, a U.S. Third Fleet commander, a Chief of Naval Personnel, and a Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy. Her keel was laid down on 16 September 2008,[1] at the Ingalls Shipbuilding shipyard, in Pascagoula, Mississippi. William P. Lawrence was launched on 15 December 2009,[2] and she was christened on 17 April 2010, sponsored by Vice Admiral Lawrence's widow, Diane Lawrence, and his daughters, Dr. Laurie Lawrence and Captain Wendy Lawrence (USN Ret, and former shuttle astronaut).[3] The ship was commissioned at the Port of Mobile, Alabama on 4 June 2011.[4]

USS William P. Lawrence
USS William P. Lawrence (DDG 110) steams toward San Diego Harbor in May 2015
USS William P. Lawrence in 2015
History
United States
Name: USS William P. Lawrence
Namesake: Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence
Ordered: 13 September 2002
Builder: Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding
Laid down: 16 September 2008
Launched: 15 December 2009
Christened: 17 April 2010
Commissioned: 4 June 2011
Homeport: Naval Base Pearl Harbor
Identification:
Motto: "Never Give In!"
Status: in active service
Badge: USS William P. Lawrence
General characteristics
Class and type: Arleigh Burke-class destroyer
Displacement: 9,200 tons
Length: 509 ft 6 in (155.30 m)
Beam: 66 ft (20 m)
Draft: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: exceeds 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 380 officers and enlisted
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 2 × SH-60 Sea Hawk helicopters

Ship history

William P. Lawrence departed Naval Station San Diego, California, on 14 January 2013 for her first overseas deployment as part of a four-ship surface action group from Carrier Strike Group 11.[5]

On 1 March 2013, William P. Lawrence entered the Persian Gulf for operations with Carrier Strike Group 3. On 11 March 2013, the ship rendered assistance to a burning vessel while operating in the Strait of Hormuz.[6] In April 2013, on two separate occasions, William P. Lawrence joined the French frigate Montcalm in rendering assistance to civilian mariners in distress while operating in the Gulf of Oman as part of Combined Task Force 150.[7] Starting 2 September 2013, William P. Lawrence began operating in the Red Sea as part of Carrier Strike Group 11.[8][9]

On 22 September 2013, a large wave hit a helicopter and pushed it into the Red Sea shortly after landing on William P. Lawrence, resulting in the death of two pilots. The vessel was moving at flank speeds to relieve another escort ship in a defensive screen around Carrier Strike Group 3 in U.S. Central Command. The wave came over the starboard side of the flight deck and struck the helicopter less than ten minutes after landing and being chocked and chained (red deck), with rotors still spinning. The other three aircrew members were rescued.[10]

On 10 May 2016, the US Navy reported that the ship sailed close to the Fiery Cross Reef as part of a planned series of Freedom of navigation operations (also referred to as FONOPs) in the area.[11] The operation prompted the PRC to express "dissatisfaction and opposition"; a Pentagon spokesperson said that the operation was undertaken to challenge the "excessive maritime claims by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam which were seeking to restrict navigation rights in the South China Sea."[12][13]

In 2016 the ship is part of Destroyer Squadron 21.[14]

Deployments

  • Maiden deployment (24 January 2013 – 8 November 2013)

Notes

  1. ^ "WILLIAM P. LAWRENCE (DDG 110)". Naval Vessel Register. NAVSEA Shipbuilding Support Office (NAVSHIPSO). 3 December 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  2. ^ "Photo Archive / Ship". lawrence.navy.mil (ship's official website). Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  3. ^ "Photo Release – Northrop Grumman-Built William P. Lawrence Christened; Legacy of Former POW Honored". GlobeNewswire. 17 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
  4. ^ Griggs, Travis, "Destroyer Lawrence commissioned in Mobile", Military Times, 5 June 2011.
  5. ^ Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class (SW) Carla Ocampo, USN (18 January 2012). "USS Lawrence Sets Sail for Maiden Deployment". NNS130118-18. USS Lawrence Public Affairs. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  6. ^ Ocampo, USN, Carla (3 March 2013). "Lawrence Conducts First Strait of Hormuz Transit". NNS130304-05. USS William P. Lawrence Public Affairs. Retrieved 14 March 2013. and Ocampo, Carla (14 March 2013). "USS William P. Lawrence encounters burning vessel". Navy Media Content Center #886966. DVIDS. Retrieved 14 May 2013. Photo taken on 11 March 2013.
  7. ^ "Warships from CTF-150 Come to Mariners Rescue in Sea of Oman". BBC News. Muscat Daily. 20 April 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  8. ^ "2013 History". USS William P. Lawrence DDG 110. USCarrier.net. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  9. ^ "USS Nimitz carrier moves into Red Sea". Reuters. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Fatal Knighthawk Crash Partially Blamed on Destroyer Skipper, Crew". news.usni.org. 20 May 2014.
  11. ^ Diplomat, Ankit Panda, The. "After Months of Waiting, US Finally Begins Freedom of Navigation Patrols Near China's Man-Made Islands". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  12. ^ AFP (10 May 2016). "US warship sails by South China Sea reef, irking Beijing". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  13. ^ "China scrambles fighters as U.S. sails warship near Chinese-claimed reef". Reuters. Reuters. 10 May 2016.
  14. ^ http://www.public.navy.mil/surfor/cds21/Pages/default.aspx#.VuH0btBrMSE

References

This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain.

External links

Carrier Strike Group 11

Carrier Strike Group 11 (CSG-11 or CARSTRKGRU 11) is a U.S. Navy carrier strike group. Carrier strike groups gain and maintain sea control as well as project naval airpower ashore.The aircraft carrier Nimitz is the strike group's current flagship. Other units currently assigned to the group include the cruisers Lake Erie and Princeton, and Destroyer Squadron 9.Between 2006 and 2013, the group made four deployments to the U.S. Fifth Fleet operating in the Persian Gulf and North Arabian Sea, as well as a surge deployment with the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the western Pacific Ocean. The group participated in bilateral exercises Malabar 2005 and Malabar 2005, Key Resolve/Foal Eagle 2008, as well as joint exercise Valiant Shield 2007.

Carrier Strike Group 3

Carrier Strike Group 3 (CSG-3 or CARSTRKGRU 3) is a U.S. Navy carrier strike group. Carrier strike groups gain and maintain sea control as well as project naval airpower ashore. The aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) is the group's current flagship. Other units assigned include Carrier Air Wing Nine; the Ticonderoga-class cruisers USS Mobile Bay (CG-53) and USS Antietam (CG-54); and the ships of Destroyer Squadron 21.Between 2005 and 2013, the group made five deployments to the U.S. Fifth Fleet supporting U.S. ground forces in Iraq, and Afghanistan. On 18 December 2011, strike group aircraft flew the final carrier-based air mission over Iraq, effectively ending U.S. naval support for Operation New Dawn.

Exercise RIMPAC

RIMPAC, the Rim of the Pacific Exercise, is the world's largest international maritime warfare exercise. RIMPAC is held biennially during June and July of even-numbered years from Honolulu, Hawaii. It is hosted and administered by the United States Navy's Indo-Pacific Command, headquartered at Pearl Harbor, in conjunction with the Marine Corps, the Coast Guard, and Hawaii National Guard forces under the control of the Governor of Hawaii. The US invites military forces from the Pacific Rim and beyond to participate. With RIMPAC the United States Indo-Pacific Command seeks to enhance interoperability among Pacific Rim armed forces, as a means of promoting stability in the region to the benefit of all participating nations. It is described by the US Navy as a unique training opportunity that helps participants foster and sustain the cooperative relationships that are critical to ensuring the safety of sea lanes and security on the world's oceans.

FONOPs during the Obama Administration

During the Administration of President Barack Obama, there were six instances of the United States Navy performing a Freedom of navigation operation (FONOP) in the South China Sea (SCS). During the same period the USN also performed multiple other FONOPs in other parts of the world. The SCS operations involved Arleigh-Burke Class Guided Missile Destroyers assigned to United States Seventh Fleet. The U.S. FONOP program began in 1979 and the Department of Defense (DoD) keeps public records of FONOPs since 1991 on its website. The Department of State (DoS) provided guidance to the DoD on conducting FONOPs, with a particular focus on the South China Sea and East China Sea, while pushing back on the People's Republic of China and their "excessive territorial claims", specifically with the Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands, and Senkaku Islands.

Fleet Week

Fleet Week is a United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard tradition in which active military ships recently deployed in overseas operations dock in a variety of major cities for one week. Once the ships dock, the crews can enter the city and visit its tourist attractions. At certain hours, the public can take a guided tour of the ships. Often, Fleet Week is accompanied by military demonstrations and air shows such as those provided by the Blue Angels.

Freedom of navigation

Freedom of navigation (FON) is a principle of customary international law that ships flying the flag of any sovereign state shall not suffer interference from other states, apart from the exceptions provided for in international law. In the realm of international law, it has been defined as “freedom of movement for vessels, freedom to enter ports and to make use of plant and docks, to load and unload goods and to transport goods and passengers” This right is now also codified as Article 87(1)a of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Not all UN member states have ratified the convention; notably, the United States has signed, but not ratified the convention. However, the § United States enforces the practice; see below.

Great Green Fleet

The US Navy's Great Green Fleet was an energy cost saving measure (ECM) announced in 2009 to begin using a combination of conventional diesel fuel and biofuels in a 50/50 mixture. The first demonstration by the USS Nimitz carrier task group during RIMPAC (Rim of the Pacific exercise) in 2012 was completed without incident. The Great Green Fleet is the popular nickname is an homage to the Great White Fleet of the early 20th century.

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

Ingalls Shipbuilding

Ingalls Shipbuilding is a shipyard located in Pascagoula, Mississippi, United States, originally established in 1938, and now part of Huntington Ingalls Industries. It is a leading producer of ships for the United States Navy, and at 12,500 employees, the second largest private employer in Mississippi with WalMart being the largest with 24,000 employees.

List of current ships of the United States Navy

The United States Navy has approximately 490 ships in both active service and the reserve fleet, with approximately 90 more in either the planning and ordering stages or under construction, according to the Naval Vessel Register and published reports. This list includes ships that are owned and leased by the U.S. Navy; ships that are formally commissioned, by way of ceremony, and non-commissioned. Ships denoted with the prefix "USS" are commissioned ships. Prior to commissioning, ships may be described as a "pre-commissioning unit" or PCU, but are officially referred to by name with no prefix. US Navy support ships are often non-commissioned ships organized and operated by Military Sealift Command. Among these support ships, those denoted "USNS" are owned by the US Navy. Those denoted by "MV" or "SS" are chartered.

Current ships include commissioned warships that are in active service, as well as ships that are part of Military Sealift Command, the support component and the Ready Reserve Force, that while non-commissioned, are still part of the effective force of the U.S. Navy. Future ships listed are those that are in the planning stages, or are currently under construction, from having its keel laid to fitting out and final sea trials.

There exist a number of former US Navy ships which are museum ships (not listed here), some of which may be US government-owned. One of these, USS Constitution, a three-masted tall ship, is one of the original six frigates of the United States Navy. It is the oldest naval vessel afloat, and still retains its commission (and hence is listed here), as a special commemoration for that ship alone.

List of equipment of the United States Navy

The Equipment of the United States Navy have been subdivided into: watercraft, aircraft, munitions, vehicles, and small arms.

Naval Station Pearl Harbor

Naval Station Pearl Harbor is a U.S. naval base adjacent to Honolulu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii. In 2010, along with the United States Air Force's Hickam Air Force Base, the facility was merged to form Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam.

Pearl Harbor is the headquarters of the United States Pacific Fleet. The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on Sunday 7 December 1941 brought the United States into World War II.

USS John C. Stennis

USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) is the seventh Nimitz-class nuclear-powered supercarrier in the United States Navy, named for Senator John C. Stennis of Mississippi. She was commissioned on 9 December 1995. Her home port is temporarily Norfolk, Virginia, for her scheduled refueling complex and overhaul. After her overhaul she is scheduled to return to Bremerton, Washington.

USS John Finn

USS John Finn (DDG-113) is an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer. The contract to build her was awarded to Ingalls Shipbuilding of Pascagoula, Mississippi, on 15 June 2011.

Ingalls has been a subsidiary of Huntington Ingalls Industries since its acquisition in April 2001.

Prior to the award, Ingalls had constructed 28 Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, the last one of which was USS William P. Lawrence. On 15 February 2011, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced the ship's name to be John Finn after John William Finn; the names of four other ships were also disclosed.

USS Lawrence

Five United States Navy ships have borne the name USS Lawrence in honor of James Lawrence.

USS Lawrence (1813) was a brig which acted as Commodore Oliver Perry's flagship during the first part of the Battle of Lake Erie until she became unmanageable in that action.

USS Lawrence (1843) was also a brig decommissioned in 1846.

USS Lawrence (DD-8) was a 400-ton Bainbridge-class destroyer, commissioned in 1903 and serving until 1920.

USS Lawrence (DD-250) was a Clemson-class destroyer, serving from 1921 to 1945.

USS Lawrence (DDG-4) was a Charles F. Adams-class destroyer commissioned in 1962, and serving until 1994.

Wendy B. Lawrence

Wendy Barrien Lawrence (born July 2, 1959) is a retired United States Navy Captain, former helicopter pilot, an engineer, and a former NASA astronaut. She was the first female graduate of the United States Naval Academy to fly into space and she has also visited the Russian Space Station Mir. She was a mission specialist on STS-114, the first Space Shuttle flight after the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

William P. Lawrence

William Porter "Bill" Lawrence (January 13, 1930 – December 2, 2005), was a decorated United States Navy vice admiral and Naval Aviator who served as Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy from 1978 to 1981.

Lawrence was a noted pilot, the first Naval Aviator to fly twice the speed of sound in a naval aircraft, and one of the final candidates for the Mercury space program. During the Vietnam War, Lawrence was shot down while on a combat mission and spent six years as a prisoner of war, from 1967 to 1973. During this time, he became noted for his resistance to his captors.

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