USS Ross (DDG-71)

USS Ross (DDG-71) is an Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer in the United States Navy. She is the second Navy ship to be named Ross, the first Navy ship named for Medal of Honor recipient Donald K. Ross and the 21st destroyer of her class. The first Ross, DD-563, was named for David Ross, a captain in the Continental Navy.

USS Ross (DDG-71)
051024-N-4374S-010 - USS Ross (DDG-71) in the Atlantic Ocean during UNITAS 47-06
USS Ross underway in the Atlantic Ocean during UNITAS 47-06's Atlantic Phase in October 2005
History
United States
Name: Ross
Namesake: Donald K. Ross
Ordered: 8 April 1992
Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi
Laid down: 10 April 1995
Launched: 22 March 1996
Commissioned: 28 June 1997
Homeport: Rota, Spain
Identification:
Motto: Fortune Favors Valor
Nickname(s): "Quad Cruiser"
Status: in active service
Badge: USS Ross DDG-71 Crest
General characteristics
Class and type: Arleigh Burke-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • Light: approx. 6,800 long tons (6,900 t)
  • Full: approx. 8,900 long tons (9,000 t)
Length: 505 ft (154 m)
Beam: 66 ft (20 m)
Draft: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Propulsion: 4 General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines, two shafts, 100,000 total shaft horsepower (75 MW)
Speed: >30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range:
Complement:
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 2 Sikorsky MH-60R helicopters can be embarked

Construction

Ross was the 10th ship of her class to be built at Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi. She was laid down on 10 April 1995; launched on 22 March 1996; sponsored by Mrs. Helen L. Ross, widow of the late Captain Ross; and commissioned on 28 June 1997, at Galveston, Texas, Commander Jeffrey R. Ginnow in command.[1]

History

After commissioning, Ross set sail for a Combat Systems Ship Qualification Trial, which lasted six weeks, and then sailed back to Pascagoula for three months for her Post Shakedown Availability (PSA). She was then returned to her homeport of Portsmouth, Virginia, and completed the Basic Training Phase: Engineering Certification, CART II, TSTA I, and III, Cruise Missile Tactical Qualification, Final Evaluation Period (FEP), and Logistics Management Assessment.

Ross completed her Intermediate Training Phase and set sail early in 1999 as part of Carrier Group 8, led by Theodore Roosevelt. The group sortied for a Joint Task Force Exercise to prepare for an upcoming six-month deployment set to commence on 26 March 1999. During this deployment to the Mediterranean Sea and Adriatic Sea Ross participated in Operation Allied Force. On 22 September, she returned to Naval Station Norfolk.

On 15 May 2000, she set sail for Northern Europe in order to participate in the Baltic Operations (BALTOPS) 2000. She served as the flagship for the Commander of Carrier Group Eight, and together with the destroyer Peterson operated with more than 50 ships from the numerous European countries. During these exercises Ross visited Stockholm, Sweden, and Kiel, Germany, before returning to the United States in late June.

On 16 October 2001, Ross was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea and Persian Gulf in support of Operation Enduring Freedom, and conducting operations in support of the U.N. resolutions against Iraq. During this deployment, Ross was again part of the Theodore Roosevelt Battle Group.

On 6 June 2005, a .50 caliber machine gun on her deck fired while leaving a shipyard. The single .50 caliber bullet struck a nearby barge and two washing machines within the barge. The gun was discharged while performing a check on its firing operation.[2]

Later in 2005, Ross participated in UNITAS 47-06 in place of the cruiser Thomas S. Gates due to the damage to Pascagoula created by Hurricane Katrina. Ross enjoyed liberty in Curaçao, St. Maarten, and Rio de Janeiro, while participating in the multi-ship exercise with naval forces from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Spain, and Uruguay. During the return home, Ross encountered heavy seas at high speeds resulting in a tear in her hull. The crew isolated her flooding and performed de-watering during the remainder of the journey up the Atlantic coast eventually arriving in Norfolk in time for Thanksgiving.

In 2006, Ross returned from a six-month deployment to the Mediterranean Sea as part of Standing NATO Maritime Group 1. She conducted over 850 vessel queries, commanded over 17 different ships from various nations, performed over 40 helicopter landings and takeoffs and 41 port visits to six different countries and 14 different ports. From 1 May 2006 to 7 November 2006, Ross traveled over 64,000 nautical miles (119,000 km; 74,000 mi). In Alicante, Spain, in August 2006, Ross became the group flagship, embarking the American commander of the standing maritime group. Her mission was to perform as part of Operation Active Endeavour; deterring terrorism, smuggling and human trafficking in the Mediterranean.

In September 2014, responding to turmoil in Ukraine, the US Navy announced that a guided missile destroyer had entered the Black Sea in order to participate with Ukrainian ships in the naval exercise "Sea Breeze". Ross "serves to demonstrate the United States' commitment to strengthening the collective security of NATO allies and partners in the region," the Navy said in a press release.[3]

In November 2014, three sailors from Ross were attacked while ashore in the port of Istanbul, apparently by members of the Turkey Youth Union.[4]

In May 2015, Ross was buzzed by a pair of Russian Su-24 Fencers at a distance of 500 m (1,600 ft) while the ship was on-station in the Black Sea.[5] Russian Federation State media RIA Novosti quoted a military source, which claimed that Ross had acted aggressively and was scared away by the bombers. The US Navy published a statement, denying the Russian claims and pointing out that the ship was in international waters and did not deviate from its operations.[6]

On 21 October 2015, Ross intercepted a Terrier missile as part of ASD-15 anti-ballistic missile testing in the North Sea.[7] Ross spent the summer of 2017 conducting anti-submarine patrols around the Norwegian Sea and the Arctic Ocean.[8]

Attack on Shayrat Airfield

On 7 April 2017, Ross and Porter, from their positions in the Eastern Mediterranean, fired a total of 59 Tomahawk missiles at specific military targets at the Shayrat airfield in Syria. The missile barrage was in response to the death of at least 80 civilians in the immediate aftermath of 4 April 2017, Khan Shaykhun chemical attack in Idlib province, an attack that the US government concluded was launched by the Syrian regime, from Shayrat.[9][10][11][12]

On 16 February 2018, Ross joined USS Carney (DDG-64) in the Black Sea near Russia for an "unspecified regional proactive presence mission". The move follows increased tensions between Russia and the U.S. after American federal prosecutors announced indictments against 13 Russian citizens for their alleged interference in the 2016 U.S. Presidential campaign.[13]

Upgrade

On 12 November 2009, the Missile Defense Agency announced that Ross would be upgraded during Fiscal Year 2012 to RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 (SM-3) capability in order to function as part of the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System.[14] In 2016 the aft CIWS mount was replaced by a SeaRAM missile system to further support her anti-ballistic missile defense mission.[15]

Coat of arms

USS Ross DDG-71 Crest

Shield

The shield is in the shape of a octagon with a gold background and blue trim. The center of the shield consists of an inverted silver star, anchor and crossing red lightning bolts.

The traditional Navy colors were chosen for the shield because dark blue and gold represents the sea and excellence respectively. The anchor represents the anchorage at Pearl Harbor, which brought the United States into World War II after being attacked December 7, 1941. The propeller represents Warrant Officer Ross and a Navy Machinist badge signifies the post he held at the time of action. The inverted silver star stands for his heroism during the attack and the Medal of Honor he won for valor on board the battleship USS Nevada. The shield's shape refers to the AEGIS combat system of DDG-71. The color gold represents excellence, while red denotes courage and sacrifice.

Crest

The crest consists of a griffin holding a trident with a red and gold framing below.

The griffin, denoting vigilance, intelligence, and valor, reflects USS Ross's versatile operational capabilities. The griffin holds a trident to represent the ship's offensive equipment with exceptional firepower. The color gold represents excellence.

Motto

The ship's motto, written on a scroll of blue that has a red reverse side, is "Fortune Favors Valor." It refers to the honorable feats of Captain Ross and the Medal of Honor he received.

Seal

The coat of arms in full color as in the blazon, upon a white background enclosed within a dark blue oval border edged on the outside with a gold rope and bearing the inscription "USS ROSS" at the top and "DDG 71" in the base all gold.

References

  1. ^ Evans 2015.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "USS Ross to Enter Black Sea Story Number: NNS140903-10". Navy News Service. 3 September 2014.
  4. ^ "US Sailors Victims of Videotaped Attack in Istanbul". ABC News. 12 November 2014.
  5. ^ Shinkman, Paul D. (1 June 2015). "More 'Top Gun': Russian Jets Buzz U.S. Navy Destroyer in Black Sea". US News & World Report. Archived from the original on 2 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  6. ^ Withnall, Adam (2 June 2015). "US Navy releases video showing dramatic close pass by Russian warplane in Black Sea". The Independent. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  7. ^ "USS Ross intercepts ballistic missile during coalition test". Spacewar.com. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  8. ^ Ziezulewicz, Geoff (7 July 2017). "Ross sailors cross into Arctic Circle, join 'Order of the Blue Nose'". The Navy Times. Retrieved 10 July 2017. The Ross has been conducting anti-submarine patrols in the high north Atlantic Ocean, Norwegian Sea and Arctic Ocean with fellow destroyers Laboon and James E. Williams, as well as with the cruiser Leyte Gulf during the summer.
  9. ^ Hennigan, W.J. & Wilkinson, Tracy (6 April 2017). "U.S. Launches Dozens of Missiles in Response to Chemical Weapons Attack". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 April 2017.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Gordon, Michael R., Cooper, Helene & Shear, Michael D. (6 April 2017). "Dozens of U.S. Missiles Hit Air Base in Syria". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2017.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Phipps, Claire (6 April 2017). "Syria: US Launches 60 Missiles in Strike on Airbase near Homs". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  12. ^ Sopel, Jon & BBC Staff (6 April 2017). "Syria War: US Launches Missile Strikes in Response to Chemical 'Attack'". BBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Two U.S. guided missile destroyers now operating in the Black Sea". usni.org. 18 February 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  14. ^ "MDA announces next 6 BMD ships", Navy Times, 12 November 2009.
  15. ^ https://news.usni.org/2016/03/08/navy-successfully-completes-first-live-fire-test-of-searam-from-destroyer

This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here. Evans, Mark L. (31 August 2015). "Ross II (DDG-71)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 8 April 2017.

External links

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