USS Rafael Peralta

USS Rafael Peralta (DDG-115) is the 65th ship of its class and an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer. The destroyer can operate with a Carrier Strike Group (CSG), Expeditionary Strike Group (ESG), as an element of a Surface Action Group (SAG), or independently. The ship can conduct a variety of missions in support of national military strategy. From peacetime presence and crisis management to sea control and power projection, 115 will be capable of carrying out Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD), Undersea Warfare (USW), Surface Warfare (SW), and Strike Warfare STW in multi-threat environments.[7]

The $679.6 million contract to build her was awarded on 26 September 2011 to Bath Iron Works of Bath, Maine.[8][9] On 15 February 2012, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced the ship's named to be Rafael Peralta in honor of Marine Rafael Peralta, who was petitioned for the Medal of Honor for shielding several Marines from a grenade in November 2004 during the Iraq War; however, he was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross instead, after doubts regarding the exact sequence of events prior to his death were raised.[10][11]

USS Rafael Peralta (DDG-115)
USS Rafael Peralta (DDG-15) leaving for builder's sea trials US Navy 161017-N-DM751-001
Rafael Peralta at sea near Bath, Maine during her builder's sea trials, October 2016
History
United States
Name: Rafael Peralta (DDG-115)
Namesake: Rafael Peralta
Ordered: 26 September 2011
Builder: Bath Iron Works
Laid down: 30 October 2014[1]
Launched: 1 November 2015
Sponsored by: Rosa Maria Peralta
Christened: 31 October 2015[2]
Acquired: 3 February 2017[3]
Commissioned: 29 July 2017[4]
Homeport: Naval Base San Diego[5]
Status: Active, in commission
Badge: USS Rafael Peralta (DDG-115) Crest
General characteristics
Class and type: Arleigh Burke-class destroyer
Displacement: 9,217 tons (full load)[6]
Length: 513 feet (156 m)[6]
Beam: 66 feet (20 m)[6]
Propulsion: 4 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbines 100,000 shp (75,000 kW)[6]
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph)[6]

Etymology

Rafael Peralta was born in Mexico City and immigrated to the United States as a child. Peralta joined the United States Marine Corps when he received his green card in 2000 and became a U.S. citizen while serving in the Marine Corps. Peralta was killed during the Second Battle of Fallujah in Iraq when he was wounded by small arms fire while clearing houses with his fellow Marines. The insurgents threw a hand grenade into the room. Despite being injured, Peralta pulled the grenade underneath his body (thus absorbing most of the blast), killing him instantly and saving his fellow Marines. For his actions, Peralta was recommended for the Medal of Honor but was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross instead.

Design

Rafael Peralta is be the 65th ship of the Arleigh Burke class of destroyers, the first of which, USS Arleigh Burke, was commissioned in July 1991.[12] With 75 ships planned to be built in total, the class has the longest production run for any U.S. Navy surface combatant warship.[13] As an Arleigh Burke-class ship, Rafael Peralta's roles will include anti-aircraft, anti-submarine, and anti-surface warfare, as well as strike operations.[6] During its long production run, the class was built in three flights—Flight I (DDG-51 to DDG-76), Flight II (DDG-72 to DDG-78), and Flight IIA (DDG-79 onward).[14] Rafael Peralta will be a Flight IIA ship, and as such, will feature several improvements in terms of ballistic missile defense, an embarked air wing, and the inclusion of mine-detecting ability.[6]

Construction and career

By January 2014, the aft portion of the ship had been completed and had begun outfitting.[15]

The ship was christened on 31 October 2015 at Bath Iron Works.[2][16] In February 2017, the ship was accepted by the United States Navy.[3]

Rafael Peralta was commissioned in San Diego, California on 29 July 2017[4] and is homeported at Naval Base San Diego.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Future USS Rafael Peralta (DDG 115) Keel Authenticated" (Press release). United States Navy. 30 October 2014. NNS141030-25. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  2. ^ a b "General Dynamics Bath Iron Works Christens Future USS Rafael Peralta" (PDF) (Press release). Bath Iron Works. 2 November 2015. Archived from the original (pdf) on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Future USS Rafael Peralta Delivered to the Navy" (Press release). United States Navy. 6 February 2017. NNS170206-19. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b "USS Rafael Peralta Commissioned in San Diego" (Press release). United States Navy. 30 July 2017. NNS170730-01. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Navy taking ownership of the future USS Rafael Peralta". Navy Times. Associated Press. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "DDG-51 Arleigh Burke-class". Federation of American Scientists. FAS.org. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  7. ^ "About DDG 115 – USS Rafael Peralta Commissioning". peraltacommissioning.org. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Rafael Peralta (DDG 115)". Naval Vessel Register. Navy.mil. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  9. ^ "DDG 51 Class Ship Construction Contract Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Naval Sea Systems Command. 26 September 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Navy Names Five New Ships" (Press release). U.S. Navy. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  11. ^ Cavas P., Christopher (15 February 2012). "Five New U.S. Navy Ship Names Announced". Defense News. Gannett Government Media. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  12. ^ "USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51)". Naval Vessel Register. Navy.mil. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  13. ^ Sharp, David (31 December 2009). "After 2-plus decades, Navy destroyer breaks record". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Associated Press. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Arleigh Burke Class (Aegis), United States of America". Naval-technology.com. Net Resources International. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  15. ^ Captain Mark Vandroff (13 January 2014). "Navy Benefits from Stable DDG 51 Program". Navy Live. United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  16. ^ Steele, Jeanette (2 November 2015). "Peralta: Ship christening 'bittersweet'". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 15 June 2017.

Further reading

External links

Arleigh Burke-class destroyer

The Arleigh Burke class of guided missile destroyers (DDGs) is a United States Navy class of destroyer built around the Aegis Combat System and the SPY-1D multifunction passive electronically scanned array radar. The class is named for Admiral Arleigh Burke, an American destroyer officer in World War II, and later Chief of Naval Operations. The class leader, USS Arleigh Burke, was commissioned during Admiral Burke's lifetime.

These warships were designed as multimission destroyers, able to fulfill the strategic land strike role with Tomahawk missiles; antiaircraft warfare (AAW) role with powerful Aegis radar and surface-to-air missiles; antisubmarine warfare (ASW) with towed sonar array, anti-submarine rockets, and ASW helicopter; and antisurface warfare (ASuW) with Harpoon missile launcher. With upgrades to their AN/SPY-1 phased radar systems and their associated missile payloads as part of the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System, the ships of this class have also begun to demonstrate some promise as mobile antiballistic missile and anti-satellite weaponry platforms. Some versions of the class no longer have the towed sonar, or Harpoon missile launcher. Their hull and superstructure were designed to have a reduced radar cross-section.The first ship of the class was commissioned on 4 July 1991. With the decommissioning of the last Spruance-class destroyer, USS Cushing, on 21 September 2005, the Arleigh Burke-class ships became the U.S. Navy's only active destroyers, until the Zumwalt class became active in 2016. The Arleigh Burke class has the longest production run for any post-World War II U.S. Navy surface combatant. Besides the 62 vessels of this class (comprising 21 of Flight I, 7 of Flight II and 34 of Flight IIA) in service by 2016, up to a further 42 (of Flight III) have been envisioned.

With an overall length of 505 to 509 feet (154 to 155 m), displacement ranging from 8,315 to 9,200 tons, and weaponry including over 90 missiles, the Arleigh Burke class are larger and more heavily armed than most previous ships classified as guided missile cruisers.

Bath Iron Works

Bath Iron Works (BIW) is a major United States shipyard located on the Kennebec River in Bath, Maine, founded in 1884 as Bath Iron Works, Limited. BIW has built private, commercial, and military vessels, most of which have been ordered by the United States Navy. The shipyard has built and sometimes designed battleships, frigates, cruisers, and destroyers, including the Arleigh Burke class which are currently among the world's most advanced surface warships.

Since 1995, Bath Iron Works has been a subsidiary of General Dynamics, the fifth-largest defense contractor in the world as of 2008. During World War II, ships built at BIW were considered to be of superior toughness by sailors and Navy officials, giving rise to the phrase "Bath-built is best-built."

Destroyer Squadron 23

Destroyer Squadron 23 (DESRON 23) is a squadron of United States Navy destroyers and frigates based out of San Diego, California. The squadron is best known for its actions during World War II, most notably the Battle of Cape St. George, under the command of then-Commodore Arleigh Burke. Currently, the DESRON is assigned to Carrier Strike Group Nine, which includes USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71), USS Cape St. George (CG-71) and Carrier Air Wing Two.

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

List of current ships of the United States Navy

The United States Navy has approximately 490 ships in both active service and the reserve fleet, with approximately 90 more in either the planning and ordering stages or under construction, according to the Naval Vessel Register and published reports. This list includes ships that are owned and leased by the U.S. Navy; ships that are formally commissioned, by way of ceremony, and non-commissioned. Ships denoted with the prefix "USS" are commissioned ships. Prior to commissioning, ships may be described as a "pre-commissioning unit" or PCU, but are officially referred to by name with no prefix. US Navy support ships are often non-commissioned ships organized and operated by Military Sealift Command. Among these support ships, those denoted "USNS" are owned by the US Navy. Those denoted by "MV" or "SS" are chartered.

Current ships include commissioned warships that are in active service, as well as ships that are part of Military Sealift Command, the support component and the Ready Reserve Force, that while non-commissioned, are still part of the effective force of the U.S. Navy. Future ships listed are those that are in the planning stages, or are currently under construction, from having its keel laid to fitting out and final sea trials.

There exist a number of former US Navy ships which are museum ships (not listed here), some of which may be US government-owned. One of these, USS Constitution, a three-masted tall ship, is one of the original six frigates of the United States Navy. It is the oldest naval vessel afloat, and still retains its commission (and hence is listed here), as a special commemoration for that ship alone.

List of equipment of the United States Navy

The Equipment of the United States Navy have been subdivided into: watercraft, aircraft, munitions, vehicles, and small arms.

Naval Base San Diego

Naval Base San Diego, which locals refer to as 32nd Street Naval Station, is the second largest Surface Ship base of the United States Navy and is located in San Diego, California. Naval Base San Diego is the principal homeport of the Pacific Fleet, consisting of over 50 ships and over 190 tenant commands. The base is composed of 13 piers stretched over 977 acres (3.95 km2) of land and 326 acres (1.32 km2) of water. The total on base population is over 24,000 military personnel and over 10,000 civilians.

Rafael Peralta

Rafael Peralta (April 7, 1979 – November 15, 2004), assigned to the 1st Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment, 3rd Marine Division, III Marine Expeditionary Force, Marine Corps Base Hawaii, was a United States Marine killed in combat during Second Battle of Fallujah in the city of Fallujah, Iraq. In September 2008 his family was notified that he was awarded the Navy Cross, the second-highest award a U.S. Marine can receive. In February 2012, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced that a new Arleigh Burke-class destroyer would be named USS Rafael Peralta.

Flight I ships
Flight II ships
Flight IIA ships
Flight III ships

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