USS Michael Monsoor

USS Michael Monsoor (DDG-1001) is the second ship of the Zumwalt class of guided missile destroyers. The Zumwalts were designed as multi-mission surface combatants tailored for advanced land attack and littoral dominance with a mission of providing credible, independent forward presence and deterrence and operating as integral parts of naval, joint or combined maritime forces. Their main guns are a pair of Advanced Gun Systems (AGS). Because the AGS is currently unusable due to a suspension of its ammunition development program, they cannot provide naval gunfire support[7] and their mission is now surface warfare.[8] Michael Monsoor is the second Zumwalt-class destroyer. The ship is 600 feet (180 m) in length, with a beam of 80.7 feet (24.6 m) and displacing approximately 15,000 tons. Michael Monsoor will have a crew size of 148 officers and sailors; she can make speed in excess of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph).

USS Michael Monsoor
Christening of USS Michael Monsoor (DDG-1001) at Bath Iron Works on 18 June 2016
Christening of Michael Monsoor on 18 June 2016
History
United States
Name: USS Michael Monsoor
Namesake: Michael A. Monsoor
Awarded: 14 February 2008
Builder: Bath Iron Works
Cost: US$1.4 billion
Laid down: 23 May 2013[1]
Launched: 21 June 2016
Christened: 18 June 2016
Acquired: 24 April 2018
Commissioned: 26 January 2019[2]
Motto: "I Will Defend"[3]
Status: In active service
General characteristics
Class and type: Zumwalt-class destroyer
Displacement: 14,564 tons[4]
Length: 600 ft (182.9 m)
Beam: 80.7 ft (24.6 m)
Draft: 27.6 ft (8.4 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 30.3 knots (56.1 km/h; 34.9 mph)
Complement: 140
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • AN/SPY-3 Multi-Function Radar (MFR) (X-band, scanned array)
  • Volume Search Radar (VSR) (S-band, scanned array)
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities: Hangar Bay, Helicopter Pad

Namesake

SEAL Michael A. Monsoor
Michael Monsoor

Michael Monsoor is named after Master-at-Arms Second Class Michael A. Monsoor (1981–2006), a United States Navy SEAL killed during the Iraq War and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.[9]

History

Construction

Assembly of modules for Michael Monsoor began in March 2010.[10] The keel laying and authentication ceremony for Michael Monsoor was held at the General Dynamics-Bath Iron Works shipyard on 23 May 2013.[11] Michael Monsoor was launched on 21 June 2016.[12]

Electrical failure during trials

On 4 December 2017, Michael Monsoor had problems with the complex electrical system which ended builders trials early and forced the ship to return to the General Dynamics Bath Iron Works shipyard in Maine. A harmonic filter aboard failed one day after she left the yard. The ship returned to the yard on 5 December 2017. Harmonic filters are used in complex electrical systems to prevent unintended power fluctuations from damaging sensitive equipment. The delay in sea trials would not affect her expected March 2018 delivery.[13]

Service with the U.S. Navy

181207-N-KK081-036
Michael Monsoor transits San Diego Bay en route to Naval Base San Diego, 6 December 2018

Michael Monsoor was delivered to the Navy in April 2018[14] and commissioned on 26 January 2019 at Naval Air Station North Island as the second ship in the Zumwalt class.[2] She will be homeported at Naval Base San Diego.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "NNS130523-14, Future USS Michael Monsoor (DDG 1001) Keel Authenticated". NAVSEA Office of Corporate Communications. 23 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "USS Michael Monsoor Commissioning Ceremony Honors Legacy of Navy SEAL" (Press release). United States Navy. 26 January 2019. NNS190126-01. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  3. ^ http://www.public.navy.mil/surfor/ddg1001/Pages/Crest.aspx#.WEf-RHeZO3U
  4. ^ "DDG 1000 Flight I Design". Northrop Grumman Ship Systems. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-15.
  5. ^ a b c Kasper, Joakim (20 September 2015). "About the Zumwalt Destroyer". AeroWeb. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  6. ^ GAO-05-752R Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. U.S. Government Accountability Office. 14 June 2005.
  7. ^ a b LaGrone, Sam (11 January 2018). "No New Round Planned For Zumwalt Destroyer Gun System; Navy Monitoring Industry". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  8. ^ Eckstein, Megan (4 December 2017). "New Requirements for DDG-1000 Focus on Surface Strike". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Michael A. Monsoor". militarytimes.com. Military Times. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
  10. ^ "Flash Traffic: Keel Laid for 1st DDG-1000 Destroyer". The Navy. Navy Leage of Australia. 74 (1): 15. January 2012. ISSN 1322-6231.
  11. ^ NAVSEA Office of Corporate Communications. "Future USS Michael Monsoor (DDG 1001) Keel Authenticated". Navy.mil. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Navy Christens DDG-1001, Named For SEAL Michael Monsoor". U.S. Naval Institute. 20 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Electrical Problems Shorten Second Zumwalt-class Destroyer's Builders Trials". usni.org. 11 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Navy Accepts Delivery of Future USS Michael Monsoor". Military.com. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018.

External links

Bath Iron Works

Bath Iron Works (BIW) is a major United States shipyard located on the Kennebec River in Bath, Maine, founded in 1884 as Bath Iron Works, Limited. BIW has built private, commercial, and military vessels, most of which have been ordered by the United States Navy. The shipyard has built and sometimes designed battleships, frigates, cruisers, and destroyers, including the Arleigh Burke class which are currently among the world's most advanced surface warships.

Since 1995, Bath Iron Works has been a subsidiary of General Dynamics, the fifth-largest defense contractor in the world as of 2008. During World War II, ships built at BIW were considered to be of superior toughness by sailors and Navy officials, giving rise to the phrase "Bath-built is best-built."

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

List of current ships of the United States Navy

The United States Navy has approximately 490 ships in both active service and the reserve fleet, with approximately 90 more in either the planning and ordering stages or under construction, according to the Naval Vessel Register and published reports. This list includes ships that are owned and leased by the U.S. Navy; ships that are formally commissioned, by way of ceremony, and non-commissioned. Ships denoted with the prefix "USS" are commissioned ships. Prior to commissioning, ships may be described as a "pre-commissioning unit" or PCU, but are officially referred to by name with no prefix. US Navy support ships are often non-commissioned ships organized and operated by Military Sealift Command. Among these support ships, those denoted "USNS" are owned by the US Navy. Those denoted by "MV" or "SS" are chartered.

Current ships include commissioned warships that are in active service, as well as ships that are part of Military Sealift Command, the support component and the Ready Reserve Force, that while non-commissioned, are still part of the effective force of the U.S. Navy. Future ships listed are those that are in the planning stages, or are currently under construction, from having its keel laid to fitting out and final sea trials.

There exist a number of former US Navy ships which are museum ships (not listed here), some of which may be US government-owned. One of these, USS Constitution, a three-masted tall ship, is one of the original six frigates of the United States Navy. It is the oldest naval vessel afloat, and still retains its commission (and hence is listed here), as a special commemoration for that ship alone.

List of equipment of the United States Navy

The Equipment of the United States Navy have been subdivided into: watercraft, aircraft, munitions, vehicles, and small arms.

Michael A. Monsoor

Michael Anthony Monsoor (5 April 1981 – 29 September 2006) was a United States Navy SEAL who was killed during Operation Iraqi Freedom and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. Monsoor enlisted in the United States Navy in 2001 and graduated from Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL training BUD/S class 250 in 2004. After further training he was assigned to Delta Platoon, SEAL Team 3.

Delta Platoon was sent to Iraq in April 2006 and assigned to train Iraqi Army soldiers in Ramadi. Over the next five months, Monsoor and his platoon frequently engaged in combat with insurgent forces. On 29 September 2006, an insurgent threw a grenade onto a rooftop where Monsoor and several other SEALs and Iraqi soldiers were positioned. Monsoor quickly smothered the grenade with his body, absorbing the resulting explosion and saving his comrades from serious injury or death. Monsoor died about 30 minutes later from wounds caused by the grenade explosion.

Monsoor was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, which was presented by U.S. President George W. Bush to Monsoor's parents on 8 April 2008. The USS Michael Monsoor (DDG-1001), the second ship in the Zumwalt-class of guided missile destroyers, was also named in his honor.

Naval Base San Diego

Naval Base San Diego, which locals refer to as 32nd Street Naval Station, is the second largest Surface Ship base of the United States Navy and is located in San Diego, California. Naval Base San Diego is the principal homeport of the Pacific Fleet, consisting of over 50 ships and over 190 tenant commands. The base is composed of 13 piers stretched over 977 acres (3.95 km2) of land and 326 acres (1.32 km2) of water. The total on base population is over 24,000 military personnel and over 10,000 civilians.

USS Lyndon B. Johnson

USS Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG-1002) will be the third and final Zumwalt-class destroyer built for the United States Navy. The contract to build her was awarded to Bath Iron Works located in Bath, Maine, on 15 September 2011. The award, along with funds for the construction of USS Michael Monsoor, was worth US$1.826 billion. On 16 April 2012, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced the ship would be named Lyndon B. Johnson in honor of Lyndon B. Johnson, who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969. Johnson served in the Navy during World War II, when he was awarded the Silver Star, and ultimately reached the U.S. Naval Reserve rank of commander. DDG-1002 is the 34th ship named by the Navy after a U.S. president.

United States ship naming conventions

United States ship naming conventions for the U.S. Navy were established by Congressional action at least as early as 1862. Title Thirteen, Chapter Six, of the United States Code, enacted in that year, reads, in part,

The vessels of the Navy shall be named by the Secretary of the Navy under direction of the President according to the following rule:

Sailing-vessels of the first class shall be named after the States of the Union, those of the second class after the rivers, those of the third class after the principal cities and towns and those of the fourth class as the President may direct.

Further clarification was made by executive order of President Theodore Roosevelt in 1907. However, elements had existed since before his time. If a ship is reclassified, for example a destroyer is converted to a mine layer, it retains its original name.

Zumwalt-class destroyer

The Zumwalt-class destroyer is a class of United States Navy guided missile destroyers designed as multi-mission stealth ships with a focus on land attack. It is a multi-role class that was designed for secondary roles of surface warfare and anti-aircraft warfare and originally designed with a primary role of naval gunfire support. It was intended to take the place of battleships in meeting a congressional mandate for naval fire support. The ship is designed around its two Advanced Gun Systems, their turrets and magazines, and unique Long Range Land Attack Projectile (LRLAP) ammunition. LRLAP procurement was cancelled, rendering the guns unusable, so the Navy re-purposed the ships for surface warfare. A National Review article by Mike Fredenburg calls the Zumwalts "an unmitigated disaster". The class design emerged from the DD-21 "land attack destroyer" program as "DD(X)".

These ships are classed as destroyers, but they are much larger than any other active destroyer or cruiser. The vessels' distinctive appearance results from the design requirement for a low radar cross-section (RCS). The Zumwalt-class has a wave-piercing tumblehome hull form whose sides slope inward above the waterline, which dramatically reduces RCS by returning much less energy than a conventional flare hull form. The appearance has been compared to that of the historic USS Monitor and her famous antagonist CSS Virginia.The class has an integrated power system that can send electricity from its turbo-generators to the electric drive motors or weapons, the Total Ship Computing Environment Infrastructure (TSCEI), automated fire-fighting systems, and automated piping rupture isolation. The class is designed to require a smaller crew and to be less expensive to operate than comparable warships.

The lead ship is named Zumwalt for Admiral Elmo Zumwalt and carries the hull number DDG-1000. Originally, 32 ships were planned, with $9.6 billion research and development costs spread across the class. As costs overran estimates, the quantity was reduced to 24, then to 7, and finally to 3, significantly increasing the cost per ship to $4.24 billion (excluding R&D costs) and well exceeding the per-unit cost of a nuclear-powered Virginia-class submarine ($2.688 billion). The dramatic per-unit cost increases eventually triggered a Nunn–McCurdy Amendment breach and cancellation of further production. In April 2016, the total program cost was $22.5 billion, with an average cost of $7.5 billion per ship.

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