USS E-1 (SS-24)

USS E-1 (SS-24) was an E-class submarine of the United States Navy. Originally named Skipjack, the boat was launched on 27 May 1911 by the Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts; sponsored by Mrs. D. R. Battles; renamed E-1 on 17 November 1911; and commissioned on 14 February 1912, Lieutenant Chester W. Nimitz in command. She was the first American submarine to be powered by diesel engines.

USS E-1, Naval Review, 4 October 1912
History
United States
Name: USS E-1
Builder: Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts
Laid down: 22 December 1909
Launched: 27 May 1911, as USS Skipjack
Commissioned: 14 February 1912
Decommissioned: 20 October 1921
Renamed: USS E-1, 17 November 1911
Reclassified: SS-24, 17 July 1920
Fate: Sold for scrap, 19 April 1922
General characteristics
Class and type: E-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 287 long tons (292 t) surfaced
  • 342 long tons (347 t) submerged
Length: 135 ft 3 in (41.22 m)
Beam: 14 ft 7 in (4.45 m)
Draft: 11 ft 8 in (3.56 m)
Installed power:
  • 700 hp (520 kW) (diesel engines)
  • 600 hp (450 kW) (electric motors)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 13.5 kn (15.5 mph; 25.0 km/h) surfaced
  • 11.5 kn (13.2 mph; 21.3 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 200 ft (61 m)
Capacity: 8,486 US gal (32,120 l) diesel fuel
Complement: 1 officer and 19 men
Armament: 4 × 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes (4 torpedoes)

Service history

Six days after commissioning, E-1 sailed from Boston for Norfolk via Newport and New York. Off the Virginia Capes, she underwent tests through April. Her engines were overhauled at New London, and she began operations off southern New England. On 28 September, she arrived at New York Navy Yard for alterations, repairs, and installation of a Sperry gyrocompass, for which she became a pioneer underwater test ship. She also experimented with submerged radio transmission.

E-1 conducted tests of these and other important developments under the direction of Commander, Submarine Flotilla, Atlantic Fleet, Lieutenant Nimitz. Throughout his career, the latter played a progressive and leading role in the incorporation into the Navy of the vast scientific and technological developments of this century, many of them pioneered by the Navy.

On 14 October E-1 proudly passed in review with the fleet in the North River before Secretary of the Navy George von L. Meyer.

E-1 continued important experimental development and training with the Atlantic Fleet for the next five years. In 1916 she became the first American submarine to cross the Atlantic. This was in response to the crossing of the Atlantic by the German submarines Deutschland and U-53 earlier that year.

On 4 December 1917, when she left Newport for the Azores and different duty. From 12 January 1918, she patrolled between Ponta Delgada and Horta, protecting the islands from German attack and use as a haven by U-boats. She returned to New London on 17 September. After overhaul, E-1 trained new submariners and tested experimental listening gear.

Placed in commission in reserve on 20 March 1920, E-1 arrived at Norfolk on 22 April. There she was placed in commission in ordinary on 18 July 1921, and on 17 September sailed for Philadelphia, where she was decommissioned on 20 October and sold on 19 April 1922.

References

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links

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