USC&GS A. D. Bache (1901)

USC&GS A. D. Bache (1901-1927), often referred to only as Bache, continued the name of the Bache of 1871 and has been confused, including in the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships,[1] with that ship even though an entirely new hull and boiler were built in 1901 and only the name and some machinery and instruments were transferred to the new hull.[2] The Bache of 1901 was transferred to the U.S. Navy for World War I service between 24 September 1917 through 21 June 1919 when she was returned to the Coast and Geodetic Survey.[1]

Bache (1901-1927) specs 1916
C&GS Ship A.D. Bache of 1901 (c. 1916)
Flag of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.svgUnited States
Name: USC&GS A. D. Bache
Namesake: Alexander Dallas Bache, former Superintendent of the Coast Survey.
Builder: Towsend and Downey Shipbuilding and Repair Company, Shooter's Island, New York
Launched: 1901
General characteristics
Tonnage: 370 gt
Displacement: 472 tons
Length: 153 ft 2 in (46.69 m)
Beam: 26 ft 2 in (7.98 m)
Draught: 10 ft 0 in (3.05 m)
Propulsion: steam/sail
Speed: 10.5
Endurance: 96 ton coal capacity
Complement: 9 officers, 42 men
Notes: Modern sources, including DANFS and the NOAA ship page, perpetuate identical tonnage and dimensions for the 1871 and 1901 ships. An entirely new hull was built in 1901. Contemporary sources, the annual reports to Congress, clearly specific to the ships of 1871 and 1901 are different and are used.

A new ship built-1901

In April 1899 the steamer Bache of 1871 was condemned as unseaworthy and inspected in Mobile by Assistant H. G. Ogden, then supervising construction of Pathfinder, with temporary repairs making her safe for the voyage to New York authorized.[3] Coast and Geodetic Survey appropriations for the fiscal year 1901 included $60,000 for rebuilding the A. D. Bache. On December 17, 1900, after work in Chesapeake Bay, the Bache of 1871 under command of Assistant W. I. Vinal departed Baltimore arriving at "Shooter's Bay", New York on the 19th and placed in drydock at Towsend and Downey Shipbuilding and Repair Company which had been awarded "a contract for building a new hull" even though "rebuild" is noted in other records.[2]

There a "new hull of composite construction"[Note 1] was built to designs by Mr. L. B. Friendt of Baltimore and a new boiler was provided with machinery, instruments and the name from the old ship transferred to the new hull which was launched September 21, 1901. The vessel was 472 tons displacement/370 gross tons with a registered length of 153.2 feet, beam of 26.2 feet and 10 foot draft of 400 horsepower for a speed of 10.5 knots. She had a capacity for 96 tons of coal and 9 officers and 42 men.[4]

Accepted January 18, 1902 the vessel completed outfitting, with personnel and a boat conducting a four-day hydrographic examination in the vicinity of Shooters Island before departure.[5]

New crewing scheme

On July 1, 1900, months before entering the yard for the complete rebuild, Congress had instituted a radical change in the crewing of USC&GS vessels. Appropriation law approved June 6, 1900, effective July 1, 1900, had funded "all necessary employees to man and equip the vessels" rather than the previous scheme in which U.S. Navy officers had commanded and Navy enlisted personnel had crewed the USC&GS vessels. Bache sailed for her new career under the command of USC&GS Assistant P. A. Welker,[Note 2] previously commanding the steamer Blake, with a civilian crew.[2]

USC&GS Service 1901-1917

The ship sailed from Shooters Island, New York under command of Assistant P. A. Welker March 3, 1902 for Baltimore where minor alterations to machinery were made before her departure to the Gulf of Mexico on April 14, 1902 to survey Apalachicola Bay and entrance to St. Andrew Sound.[5]

U.S. Naval Service

Bache was transferred to the Navy on 24 September 1917, and served with the section patrol in the 5th Naval District, operating out of Norfolk, Virginia until the end of the First World War. She is not shown as being commissioned during that service.[1]

Bache was returned to the Coast and Geodetic Survey under the Executive Order of February 26, 1919 that required the vessel's return no later than April 1, 1919. From that time until mid July of 1920 the ship was being refitted for survey work.[6] During August through November 21 she worked the entrances to the Chesapeake Bay, outfitted until December 23 when she departed for Pensacola Bay. Bache surveyed westward from Pensacola until return to Norfolk to undergo repairs May 14-June 16, 1920.[7]

USC&GS Service 1919-1927

C&GSS A D BACHE (1901-1927)
Coast and Geodetic Survey Ship Bache in 1922.

1920-21: surveys Chesapeake Bay entrance to Delaware Bay. including shoreline topography and current measurements. In October, 1920 the steamer began work in the vicinity of Savannah and Tybee Island, Georgia to Hilton Head, South Carolina until December when unfavorable weather closed the season and the ship was ordered to Baltimore for repairs. After experiencing "exceedingly disagreeable weather" on the voyage from Charleston to Cape Hatteras the ship was turned over to the Coast Guard depot in Baltimore for repairs on January 5, 1921. On February 8, 1921 the ship returned to surveys north of Chesapeake Bay.[8]


  1. ^ The old hull was apparently "condemned to the shipbreakers" with that hull then being sold to the Navy for experimental purposes as noted in the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships entry for the ship.
  2. ^ Previously the Survey's officers and men were detached from the U.S. Navy to the Coast and Geodetic Survey under existing law that required hydrography of the Coast Survey be executed by officers and men of the Navy when they can be furnished (Ref: page 3, "Vessels," Report Of The Superintendent of the Coast And Geodetic Survey Showing The Progress Of The Survey During The Year 1874). Typical listing in these reports of commanding officers would be: "Lieut. Commander John A. Howell, U.S.N., Assistant in the Coast Survey" with "Assistant" being a title for both high office and topographic survey management positions and ship's commanding officers.


  1. ^ a b c Naval History and Heritage Command. "Bache". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1901). Report Of The Superintendent of the Coast And Geodetic Survey Showing The Progress Of Work From July 1, 1900 To June 30, 1901. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 15. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. ^ U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1899). Report Of The Superintendent of the Coast And Geodetic Survey Showing The Progress Of Work From July 1, 1898 To June 30, 1899. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 229. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  4. ^ U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1916). Annual Report Of The Director, United States Coast And Geodetic Survey To The Secretary Of Commerce For The Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1916. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. Illustration 33 at page 44. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. ^ a b U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1902). Report Of The Superintendent of the Coast And Geodetic Survey Showing The Progress Of Work From July 1, 1901 To June 30, 1902. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 15–16. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  6. ^ U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1919). Annual Report Of The Director, United States Coast And Geodetic Survey To The Secretary Of Commerce For The Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1919. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 154–162. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  7. ^ U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1920). Annual Report Of The Director, United States Coast And Geodetic Survey To The Secretary Of Commerce For The Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1920. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 154–162. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  8. ^ U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (1921). Annual Report Of The Director, United States Coast And Geodetic Survey To The Secretary Of Commerce For The Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1921. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 154–162. |access-date= requires |url= (help)

External links

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U.S. National Geodetic Survey

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The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for transportation and communication; mapping and charting; and a large number of applications of science and engineering. Since its foundation in its present form in 1970, it has been part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), of the United States Department of Commerce.

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Both universities are located in Los Angeles and are members of the Pac-12 Conference. The rivalry between the two is among the more unusual in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I sports, because the campuses are only 12 miles (19 km) apart, and both are located within the same megacity.

UCLA teams have won the second-most NCAA Division I-sanctioned team championships with 116 while USC has the third-most with 106. Only Stanford University, a fellow Pac-12 member also located in California, has more than either UCLA or USC, with 117.

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USC Trojans

The USC Trojans are the athletic teams that represent the University of Southern California (USC), located in Los Angeles, California. While the men's teams are nicknamed the Trojans, the women's athletic teams are referred to as either the Trojans or Women of Troy (the university officially approves both terms). The program participates in the Pac-12 Conference and has won 130 team national championships, 107 of which are National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) national championships. USC's official colors are cardinal and gold. The Trojans have a cross-town rivalry with UCLA. However, USC's rivalry with Notre Dame predates the UCLA rivalry by three years. The Notre Dame rivalry stems mainly from the annual football game played between these two universities and is considered the greatest intersectional rivalry in college football.

USC Trojans football

The USC Trojans football program represent University of Southern California in the sport of American football. The Trojans compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the South Division of the Pac-12 Conference (Pac-12).

Formed in 1888, the program has over 830 wins and claims 11 consensus Division I Football National Championships. USC has had 13 undefeated seasons including 8 perfect seasons, and 39 conference championships. USC has produced 7 Heisman Trophy winners, 81 first-team Consensus All-Americans, including 27 Unanimous selections, and 500 NFL draft picks, most all-time by any university, the Trojans also have had more players drafted in the first round than any other university, with 80 as of the 2017 draft. USC has had 34 members inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame, including former players Matt Leinart, O.J. Simpson, and Ronnie Lott and former coaches John McKay and Howard Jones. The Trojans boast 12 inductees in the Pro Football Hall Of Fame, the 2nd-most of any school, including Junior Seau, Bruce Matthews, Marcus Allen, and Ron Yary.

The Trojans have 52 bowl appearances, 39 of which are among the New Year's Six Bowls. With a record of 34–18, USC has the highest all-time post-season winning percentage of schools with 25 or more bowl appearances.

The Trojans play their home games in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, located across the exposition Park Rose Garden from USC's University Park, Los Angeles campus. The stadium is also known as "The Grand Old Lady", having been built almost 100 years ago.

USC Trojans men's basketball

The USC Trojans men's basketball program is the college basketball team that competes in the Pac-12 Conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I and represents the University of Southern California.

The program was formerly coached by Tim Floyd, until his resignation on June 9, 2009. Other staff members include Phil Johnson, Bob Cantu, Gib Arnold, Rob Brooks and Rudy Hackett. Kevin O'Neill, who last coached in the NCAA at Arizona, was named the head coach by Mike Garrett on June 20, 2009. O'Neill was terminated in January 2013 after a 7–10 start. Longtime assistant Bob Cantu was given interim duties. On April 1, 2013, Andy Enfield, head coach of the Florida Gulf Coast University team known for its upsets during the 2013 NCAA Tournament, was named head coach.

University of South Carolina

The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, UofSC, or simply Carolina) is a public research university in Columbia, South Carolina. It has seven satellite campuses throughout the state and its main campus covers over 359 acres (145 ha) in downtown Columbia not far from the South Carolina State House. The university is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as having "highest research activity." It has been ranked as an "up-and-coming" university by U.S. News & World Report, and its undergraduate and graduate International Business programs have ranked among the top three programs in the nation for over a decade. It also houses the largest collection of Robert Burns and Scottish literature materials outside Scotland, and the world's largest Ernest Hemingway collection.Founded in 1801 as South Carolina College, USC is the flagship institution of the University of South Carolina System and offers more than 350 programs of study, leading to bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees from fourteen degree-granting colleges and schools. The University of South Carolina has a total enrollment of approximately 50,000 students, with over 34,000 on the main Columbia campus as of fall 2017 - making it the largest university in the Carolinas. USC also has several thousand future students in feeder programs at surrounding technical colleges. Professional schools on the Columbia campus include business, engineering, law, medicine, pharmacy, and social work.

University of Southern California

The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880, it is the oldest private research university in California. For the 2018–19 academic year, there were 20,000 students enrolled in four-year undergraduate programs. USC also has 27,500 graduate and professional students in a number of different programs, including business, law, engineering, social work, occupational therapy, pharmacy, and medicine. It is the largest private employer in the city of Los Angeles, and generates $8 billion in economic impact on Los Angeles and California.USC was one of the earliest nodes on ARPANET and is the birthplace of the Domain Name System. Other technologies invented at USC include DNA computing, dynamic programming, image compression, VoIP, and antivirus software.USC's alumni include a total of 11 Rhodes Scholars and 12 Marshall Scholars. As of October 2018, nine Nobel laureates, six MacArthur Fellows, and one Turing Award winner have been affiliated with the university.

USC sponsors a variety of intercollegiate sports and competes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as a member of the Pac-12 Conference. Members of USC's sports teams, the Trojans, have won 104 NCAA team championships, ranking them third in the United States, and 399 NCAA individual championships, ranking them second in the United States. Trojan athletes have won 288 medals at the Olympic Games (135 golds, 88 silvers and 65 bronzes), more than any other university in the United States. In 1969, it joined the Association of American Universities. USC has had a total of 521 football players drafted to the National Football League, the second-highest number of drafted players in the country.

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