UEFA

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA /juːˈeɪfə/ yoo-AY-fə; French: Union des Associations Européennes de Football;[a] German: Vereinigung Europäischer Fußballverbände)[b] is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, and UEFA Super Cup, and controls the prize money, regulations, and media rights to those competitions.

Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president. The current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, who was elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, and automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA.[2]

Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)
UEFA logo 2012
UEFA member associations map
AbbreviationUEFA
Formation15 June 1954
Founded atBasel, Switzerland
TypeFootball organisation
HeadquartersNyon, Switzerland
Coordinates46°22′16″N 6°13′52″E / 46.371009°N 6.23103°E
Region served
Europe
Membership
55 full member associations
Official languages
English
French
German
(other main but not official: Dutch, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian)
Aleksander Čeferin[1]
First vice-president
Karl-Erik Nilsson
Vice-presidents
Reinhard Grindel
Hryhoriy Surkis
Fernando Gomes
Michele Uva
General secretary
Theodore Theodoridis
Main organ
UEFA Congress
Parent organization
FIFA
Websiteuefa.org

History and membership

Siège UEFA Nyon (Suisse)
UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland

UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian, French, and Belgian associations.[3] The European football union began with 25 members; that number doubled by the early 1990s as new associations were born out of the fragmentation of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia into their constituent states. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and later in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland.

UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions. Some states (Monaco and Vatican City) are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law. These include Northern Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales (countries of the United Kingdom), Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory), the Faroe Islands (autonomous country within Denmark), and Kosovo (disputed territory and partially recognised state), however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity.

Some UEFA members are transcontinental states (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Russia) and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically (Armenia and Cyprus). Countries which had been members of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) were also admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel (because it had been banned from the AFC group in 1974) and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition. AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League (though a separate sovereign entity); Welsh clubs Cardiff City, Swansea City and Newport County A.F.C. participate in the English League; Berwick Rangers, situated in England, play in the Scottish Professional Football League. Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtensteinian teams play in the Swiss Leagues.

Members

Code Association National teams Founded FIFA
affiliation
UEFA
affiliation
ALB  Albania 1930 1932 1954
AND  Andorra 1994 1996 1996
ARM  Armenia 1992 1992 1992
AUT  Austria 1904 1905 1954
AZE  Azerbaijan 1992 1994 1994
BLR  Belarus 1989 1992 1993
BEL  Belgium 1895 1904 1954
BIH  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992 1996 1998
BUL  Bulgaria 1923 1924 1954
CRO  Croatia 1912 1992 1993
CYP  Cyprus 1934 1948 1962
CZE  Czech Republic 1901 1907 1954
DEN  Denmark 1889 1904 1954
ENG  England 1863 1905 1954
EST  Estonia 1921 1923 1992
FRO  Faroe Islands 1979 1988 1990
FIN  Finland 1907 1908 1954
FRA  France 1919[n 1] 1904[n 2] 1954
GEO  Georgia 1990 1992 1992
GER  Germany 1900 1904 1954
GIB  Gibraltar 1895 2016 2013
GRE  Greece 1926 1927 1954
HUN  Hungary 1901 1906 1954
ISL  Iceland 1947[n 3] 1947 1954
ISR  Israel[n 4] 1949 1949 1994[n 5]
ITA  Italy 1898 1905 1954
KAZ  Kazakhstan[n 6] 1994 1994 2002
KVX  Kosovo 1946 2016 2016
LVA  Latvia 1921 1922 1992
LIE  Liechtenstein 1934 1974 1974
LTU  Lithuania 1922 1923 1992
LUX  Luxembourg 1908 1910 1954
MLT  Malta 1900 1959 1960
MDA  Moldova 1990 1994 1993
MNE  Montenegro 1931 2007 2007
NED  Netherlands 1889 1904 1954
MKD  North Macedonia 1926 1994 1994
NIR  Northern Ireland 1880 1911 1954
NOR  Norway 1902 1908 1954
POL  Poland 1919[n 7] 1923 1954
POR  Portugal 1914 1923 1954
IRL  Republic of Ireland 1921 1923 1954
ROU  Romania 1909 1923 1954
RUS  Russia 1912 1912 1954
SMR  San Marino 1931 1988 1988
SCO  Scotland 1873 1910 1954
SRB  Serbia 1919 1923 1954
SVK  Slovakia 1938 1994 1993
SVN  Slovenia 1920 1992 1992
ESP  Spain 1909 1904 1954
SWE  Sweden 1904 1904 1954
SUI   Switzerland 1895 1904 1954
TUR  Turkey 1923 1923 1962
UKR  Ukraine 1991 1992 1992
WAL  Wales 1876 1910 1954

Notes

  1. ^ Founded as Comité Français Interfédéral in 1907, a predecessor to the current federation.
  2. ^ The current French FA, the French Football Federation (in its previous incarnation, the Comité Français Interfédéral), replaced the USFSA in 1907.
  3. ^ Icelandic top-flight club football dates back to 1912 or 35 years prior to founding of KSI, All titles pre-1947 are recognized by KSI
  4. ^ Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1954–1974), joined UEFA as several AFC teams refused to play against them. See also Foreign relations of Israel and International recognition of Israel.
  5. ^ Israel had been an associated member of UEFA since 1992, therefore Israeli clubs were entitled to take part in the 1992–93 and 1993–94 UEFA club competitions despite Israel not being a full UEFA member.
  6. ^ Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1994–2002), joined UEFA.
  7. ^ Founded as Związek Polski Piłki Nożnej (part of the disintegrated Austrian Football Union) in 1911, a predecessor to the current federation.

Former members

Sanctions

Against associations

  • Lithuania Lithuania, in 1990 sanctions were imposed due to secession of Lithuanian Football Federation from the Football Federation of Soviet Union
  • Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia, in 1992-1998 sanctions were imposed due to the Bosnian War (as part of Yugoslav Wars)

Against clubs (restrictions against associations)

  • Italy Italy, in 1974-1975 sanctions were imposed against SS Lazio due to its fans, Italy was restricted from the European Cup to which Lazio qualified
  • England England, in 1985-1991 sanctions were imposed against English association football clubs due to the Heysel Stadium disaster by suspending their participation in continental competitions for five years
  • Netherlands Netherlands, in 1991-1992 sanctions were imposed against AFC Ajax due to its fans, the Netherlands were restricted from the European Cup to which Ajax qualified
  • Albania Albania, in 1967 special sanctions were imposed against 1966–67 Albanian Superliga due to its political background
  • 1968–69 the Warsaw Pact demonstrated political protest and imposed sanctions on clubs of its members in continental competitions (included East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Soviet Union)

Competitions

UEFA runs official international competitions in Europe and some countries of Northern, Southwestern and Central Asia for national teams and professional clubs, known as UEFA competitions, some of which are regarded as the world's most prestigious tournaments.

International

The UEFA is the organiser of two of the most prestigious competitions in international football: The UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Nations League. The main competition for men's national teams is the UEFA European Championship, started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. It is also called UEFA or the EURO. The UEFA Nations League is the second tournament of the UEFA and was introduced in 2018. The tournament largely replaced the international friendly matches previously played on the FIFA International Match Calendar. It will be played every two years.

UEFA also runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels. For women's national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Women's Championship for senior national sides as well as Women's Under-19 and Women's Under-17 Championships.

UEFA also organised the UEFA–CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth football. UEFA launched the UEFA Regions' Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship. Despite the existence of UEFA's Futsal and Beach soccer committee, UEFA does not organise any beach soccer competitions. International and club beach soccer competitions for UEFA members are organised externally by Beach Soccer Worldwide.

The Italian, German, Spanish, French and Russian[4] men's national teams are the sole teams to have won the European football championship in all categories.

Club

UEFA Members 2016
UEFA member countries by club competition entry entitlements, 2009/10

The top-ranked UEFA competition is the UEFA Champions League, which started in the 1992/93 season and gathers the top 1–4 teams of each country's league (the number of teams depend on that country's ranking and can be upgraded or downgraded); this competition was re-structured from a previous one that only gathered the top team of each country (held from 1955 to 1992 and known as the European Champion Clubs' Cup or simply the European Cup).

A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League. This competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (also begun in 1955). A third competition, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup (now UEFA Europa League) in 1999.

In December 2018, UEFA announced the creation of a third club competition, with a working title of Europa League 2 (UEL2). The competition would feature 32 teams directly in 8 groups of 4, with a knockout round between the second placed teams in UEL2 and the third placed teams in the Europa League, leading to a final 16 knockout stage featuring the eight group winners. UEFA announced that the first edition of the competition begins in 2021 [5].

In women's football UEFA also conducts the UEFA Women's Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Women's Cup until 2009.

The UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the Europa League (previously the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup), and came into being in 1973.[6][7][8]

The UEFA Intertoto Cup was a summer competition, previously operated by several Central European football associations, which was relaunched and recognised as official UEFA club competition by UEFA in 1995.[9] The last Intertoto Cup took place in 2008.

The European/South American Cup was jointly organised with CONMEBOL between the Champions League and the Copa Libertadores winners.[10]

Only five teams[11][12] (Juventus, Ajax, Manchester United, Bayern Munich and Chelsea[13]) have won each of the three main competitions (European Cup/UEFA Champions League, European Cup Winners' Cup/UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League),[14] a feat that is no longer possible for any team that did not win the Cup Winners' Cup. There are currently eight teams throughout Europe that have won two of the three trophies; all but one have won the Cup Winners' Cup, four require a win in the Champions League and four require a UEFA Europa League win.

Juventus of Italy was the first team in Europe—remaining the only one to date (2019)—to win all UEFA's official championships and cups[15] and, in commemoration of achieving that feat, have received The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations on 12 July 1988.[16][17]

UEFA's premier futsal competition is the UEFA Futsal Cup, a tournament started in 2001 which replaced the former Futsal European Clubs Championship. This event, despite enjoying a long and well-established tradition in the European futsal community, dating back to 1984, was never recognised as official by UEFA.

Current title holders

Competitions Champions Title Runners-up Next edition
Clubs
UEFA Champions League Spain Real Madrid 13th England Liverpool 2018–19
UEFA Europa League Spain Atlético Madrid 3rd France Marseille 2018–19
UEFA Super Cup Spain Atlético Madrid 3rd Spain Real Madrid 2019
UEFA Youth League Portugal Porto 1st England Chelsea 2019–20
UEFA Futsal Champions League Portugal Sporting CP 1st Kazakhstan AFC Kairat 2019–20
UEFA Women's Champions League France Lyon 6th Spain Barcelona 2019–20
Nations Men
UEFA European Championship  Portugal 1st  France 2020 (June–July)
UEFA Nations League vacant N/A vacant 2018–19 (Sep.–June)
UEFA European U-21 Championship  Germany 2nd  Spain 2019 (June)
UEFA European U-19 Championship  Portugal 4th  Italy 2019 (July)
UEFA European U-17 Championship  Netherlands 4th  Italy 2020 (May)
UEFA Futsal Championship Portugal Portugal 1st Spain Spain 2022
UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship vacant N/A vacant 2019 (Sep.)
Nations Women
UEFA Women's Championship  Netherlands 1st  Denmark 2021 (July)
UEFA Women's U-19 Championship  Spain 3rd  Germany 2019 (July)
UEFA Women's U-17 Championship  Germany 7th  Netherlands 2020 (May)
UEFA Women's Futsal Championship Spain Spain 1st Portugal Portugal 2021

UEFA competitions

Clubs:

Defunct

National teams:

Intercontinental:

Defunct

Amateur:

Defunct

Nations with trophies

Nation Men Women Futsal Total
Euro U21 U19 U17 Euro U19 U17 Men's Women's
 Spain 3 4 8 9 0 3 4 7 1 39
 Germany[A] 3 2 4 3 8 6 6 0 0 32
 France 2 1 7 2 0 4 0 0 0 16
 Italy 1 5 1 1 0 1 0 2 0 11
 Portugal 1 0 3 6 0 0 0 1 0 11
 Russia[B] 1 2 2 3 0 1 0 1 0 10
 Netherlands 1 2 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 8
 England 0 2 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 7
 Sweden 0 1 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 5
 Bulgaria 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
 Turkey 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
 Czech Republic[C] 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
 Poland 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 3
 Denmark 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2
 Norway 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2
 Republic of Ireland 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
 Serbia[D] 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
 Greece 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Hungary 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Scotland 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Ukraine 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  1. ^ Including East Germany and West Germany.
  2. ^ Including the Soviet Union.
  3. ^ Including Czechoslovakia.
  4. ^ Including Yugoslavia.

Sponsors

The UEFA Champions League current main sponsors are:

The UEFA Champions League sponsors are also sponsors of the UEFA Super Cup, UEFA Women's Champions League and the UEFA Youth League (excluding Heineken, which is replaced by EA Sports´s FIFA.)

The UEFA Europa League current main sponsors are:

Adidas is a secondary sponsor and supplies the official match ball and referee uniform for all UEFA competitions.

Corruption and controversy

Dissatisfied fans across Europe have referred to the organisation as UEFA mafia, including in Russia's top league,[25] in Bulgaria's top league,[26] and in a Champions League group stage match held in Sweden.[27] The term has also been covered for its use outside of stadiums, for example during a protest in Kosovo outside an EU building following the Serbia v Albania (UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying) match.[28]

Following the 2015 FIFA corruption case, the current president of UEFA, Michel Platini, was also involved himself in the case. Swiss prosecutors accuse FIFA president Sepp Blatter of making a "disloyal payment" of $2m (£1.6m) to Mr Platini. Swiss attorney general, Michael Lauber, stated: "We didn't interview Mr Platini as a witness, that's not true. We investigated against him in between as a witness and an accused person".[29][30] Both Platini and Sepp Blatter are currently under formal investigation by FIFA's independent ethics committee. On 8 October 2015, Platini was provisionally suspended for 90 days from any football-related activity.[31]

In 2019 UEFA's decision to host Europa League Cup final in Baku, Azerbaijan left one of the finalists, Arsenal, with a decision to withdraw their Armenian player Henrikh Mkhitaryan out of the competition due to safety concerns [32] . Despite Worldwide criticism, UEFA insisted that player's safety was guaranteed by Azerbaijani officials, however player and his family made a decision to avoid inherent risk of traveling to a country which specifically doesn't allow Armenian nationals to visit. UEFA claims of ensuring safety were met with Worldwide criticism, however UEFA decided to stand behind their decision to host Europa League final in Baku and support Azerbaijan's nationalistic efforts of exclusion and hate.

League revenues

Annual revenue comparison. All figures in Euros.

Source is the Deloitte 2015 annual report, which uses 2013–14 figures.[33]

Rank League Revenue Revenue sources
1 English Premier League 3.9 bn Broadcast revenue accounts for 50% of league revenue
2 German Bundesliga 2.3 bn Commercial sponsorship accounts for 50% of league revenue
3 Spanish La Liga 1.9 bn Real Madrid and Barcelona account for 56% of league revenue
4 Italian Serie A 1.7 bn Matchday revenue accounts for 12% of league revenue
5 French Ligue 1 1.5 bn Matchday revenue accounts for 11% of league revenue
6 Russian Premier League 636 m
7 English Championship 588 m
8 Turkish Süper Lig 444 m
9 Dutch Eredivisie 434 m

World Cup participation and results

Legend

  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  •  3rd  – Third place[wc 1]
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R16 – Round of 16 (since 1986: knockout round of 16)
  • R2 – Second round (for the 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages)
  • R1 – Group stage (in the 1950, 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages, this refers to the first group stage)
  • 1S – First Knockout Stage (1934–1938 Single-elimination tournament)
  •    – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •     – Hosts

Men

Team 1930
(13)
1934
(16)
1938
(15)
1950
(13)
1954
(16)
1958
(16)
1962
(16)
1966
(16)
1970
(16)
1974
(16)
1978
(16)
1982
(24)
1986
(24)
1990
(24)
1994
(24)
1998
(32)
2002
(32)
2006
(32)
2010
(32)
2014
(32)
2018
(32)
 Austria × 4th ×[wc 2] × 3rd R1
15th
× R2
7th
R2
8th
R1
T-18th
R1
23rd
 Belgium R1
11th
R1
15th
R1
13th
× R1
12th
R1
T-10th
R2
10th
4th R16
11th
R16
11th
R1
19th
R16
14th
QF
6th
3rd
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Part of Yugoslavia × R1
20th
 Bulgaria × × R1
15th
R1
15th
R1
13th
R1
12th
R16
15th
4th R1
29th
 Croatia Part of Yugoslavia × 3rd R1
23rd
R1
22nd
R1
19th
2nd
 Czech Republic[wc 3] × 2nd QF
5th
× R1
14th
R1
9th
2nd R1
15th
R1
19th
QF
6th
R1
20th
 Denmark × × × × × × R16
9th
QF
8th
R16
10th
R1
24th
R16
11th
 East Germany[wc 3] Part of Germany × × R2
6th
Part of Germany
 England × × × R1
8th
QF
6th
R1
11th
QF
8th
1st QF
8th
R2
6th
QF
8th
4th R16
9th
QF
6th
QF
7th
R16
13th
R1
26th
4th
 France R1
7th
R1
T-9th
QF
6th
R1
11th
3rd R1
T-13th
R1
12th
4th 3rd 1st R1
28th
2nd R1
29th
QF
7th
1st
 Germany[wc 3] × 3rd R1
10th
× 1st 4th QF
7th
2nd 3rd 1st R2
6th
2nd 2nd 1st QF
5th
QF
7th
2nd 3rd 3rd 1st R1
22nd
 Greece × × R1
24th
R1
25th
R16
13th
 Hungary × QF
6th
2nd × 2nd R1
10th
QF
5th
QF
6th
R1
15th
R1
14th
R1
18th
 Iceland × × × × × × × × R1
28th
 Israel[wc 4] × R1
12th
 Italy × 1st 1st R1
7th
R1
10th
R1
9th
R1
9th
2nd R1
10th
4th 1st R16
12th
3rd 2nd QF
5th
R16
15th
1st R1
26th
R1
22nd
 Netherlands × R1
T-9th
R1
14th
× × 2nd 2nd R16
15th
QF
7th
4th R16
11th
2nd 3rd
 Northern Ireland × × × QF
8th
R2
9th
R1
21st
 Norway × × R1
12th
× R1
17th
R16
15th
 Poland × R1
11th
× × 3rd R2
5th
3rd R16
14th
R1
25th
R1
21st
R1
25th
 Portugal × 3rd R1
17th
R1
21st
4th R16
11th
R1
18th
R16
13th
 Republic of Ireland[wc 5] × QF
8th
R16
16th
R16
12th
 Romania R1
8th
R1
12th
R1
9th
× R1
T-10th
R16
12th
QF
6th
R16
11th
 Russia[wc 6] × × × × × QF
7th
QF
6th
4th QF
5th
R2
7th
R16
10th
R1
17th
R1
18th
R1
22nd
R1
24th
QF
8th
 Scotland × × × •• R1
15th
R1
14th
R1
9th
R1
11th
R1
15th
R1
19th
R1
T-18th
R1
27th
 Serbia[wc 3] 4th[wc 7] R1
5th
QF
7th
QF
5th
4th R2
7th
R1
16th
QF
5th
× R16
10th
R1
32nd
R1
23rd
R1
23rd
 Slovakia Part of Czechoslovakia R16
16th
 Slovenia Part of Yugoslavia × R1
30th
R1
18th
 Spain × QF
5th
× 4th R1
12th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R2
12th
QF
7th
R16
10th
QF
8th
R1
17th
QF
5th
R16
9th
1st R1
23rd
R16
10th
 Sweden × QF
8th
4th 3rd 2nd R1
9th
R2
5th
R1
13th
R1
21st
3rd R16
13th
R16
14th
QF
7th
  Switzerland × QF
7th
QF
7th
R1
6th
QF
8th
R1
16th
R1
16th
R16
15th
R16
10th
R1
19th
R16
11th
R16
14th
 Turkey × × × •• R1
9th
× 3rd
 Ukraine[wc 6] Part of Soviet Union × QF
8th
 Wales × × × QF
6th
Total 4 12 13 6 12 12 10 10 9 9 10 14 14 14 13 15 15 14 13 13 14

Notes

  1. ^ There was no Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. FIFA recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
  2. ^ Austria qualified in 1938, but withdrew to play as part of Germany after being annexed.
  3. ^ a b c d FIFA considers that the national team of Russia succeeds the USSR, the national team of Serbia succeeds Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro, the national team of Czech Republic succeeds Czechoslovakia, and the national team of Germany succeeds West Germany and East Germany.
  4. ^ Israel competed as Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel) in 1934 and in 1938, with a team consisting exclusively of Jewish and British footballers from the Palestine Mandate.
  5. ^ Republic of Ireland competed as the Irish Free State in 1934 and then as Ireland in 1938 and 1950.
  6. ^ a b Russia's best result is quarter-finals in 2018. However, FIFA considers Russia as the successor team of the USSR.
  7. ^ There was no official World Cup Third Place match in 1930; The USA and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. Currently, FIFA recognizes USA as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team, using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.

Women

Team China
1991
(12)
Sweden
1995
(12)
United States
1999
(16)
United States
2003
(16)
China
2007
(16)
Germany
2011
(16)
Canada
2015
(24)
France
2019
(24)
 Denmark QF
7th
QF
7th
R2
15th
R2
12th
 England QF
6th
QF
7th
QF
7th
3rd q
 France R2
9th
4th QF
5th
q
 Germany 4th 2nd QF
8th
1st 1st QF
6th
4th q
 Italy QF
6th
R2
9th
q
 Netherlands R2
13th
q
 Norway 2nd 1st 4th QF
7th
4th R2
10th
R2
10th
q
 Russia × QF
5th
QF
8th
 Scotland q
 Spain R1
20th
q
 Sweden 3rd QF
5th
QF
6th
2nd R2
10–11
3rd R2
16th
q
  Switzerland R2
15th

FIFA Confederations Cup

Legend

  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • GS – Group stage
  •  ••  – Qualified / Invited, but declined to take part
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Did not enter / Withdrew from continental championship / Confederation did not take part
  • Q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •    – Hosts
Team Saudi Arabia
1992
(4)
Saudi Arabia
1995
(6)
Saudi Arabia
1997
(8)
Mexico
1999
(8)
South Korea
Japan
2001
(8)
France
2003
(8)
Germany
2005
(8)
South Africa
2009
(8)
Brazil
2013
(8)
Russia
2017
(8)
 Czech Republic × × 3rd
 Denmark × 1st
 France × •• 1st 1st
 Germany × •• GS •• 3rd 1st
 Greece × GS
 Italy × •• GS 3rd
 Portugal × 3rd
 Russia × GS
 Spain × •• 3rd 2nd
 Turkey × 3rd

National team rankings

  • Last updates:
    • Men's national teams – 4 April 2019[34]
    • Women's national teams – 3 April 2018[35]
Top men's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
Top women's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
UEFA FIFA Nation Points UEFA FIFA Nation Points
1 1  Belgium 1737 1 2  Germany 2072
2 2  France 1734 2 3  England 2049
3 4  England 1647 3 4  France 2043
4 5  Croatia 1621 4 8  Netherlands 1967
5 7  Portugal 1607 5 9  Sweden 1962
6 8   Switzerland 1604 6 12  Norway 1915
7 9  Spain 1601 7 13  Spain 1913
8 10  Denmark 1586 8 15  Italy 1868
9 13  Germany 1570 9 17  Denmark 1840
10 14  Sweden 1567 10 18   Switzerland 1828
11 16  Netherlands 1554 11 20  Scotland 1812
12 17  Italy 1550 11 20  Belgium 1812
13 19  Wales 1539 13 22  Iceland 1806
14 20  Poland 1535 14 23  Austria 1798
15 25  Romania 1496 15 24  Ukraine 1714
16 27  Ukraine 1493 16 25  Russia 1713
17 29  Serbia 1484 17 28  Poland 1676
17 29  Republic of Ireland 1484 18 29  Czech Republic 1669
19 32  Slovakia 1482 19 30  Portugal 1668
20 33  Northern Ireland 1481 20 31  Republic of Ireland 1666
21 34  Austria 1479 21 32  Finland 1665
22 35  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1478 22 33  Wales 1663
23 39  Turkey 1457 23 41  Romania 1551
24 40  Iceland 1450 24 43  Serbia 1539
25 43  Greece 1433 25 45  Hungary 1527
26 44  Scotland 1430 26 46  Slovakia 1499
27 46  Russia 1425 27 52  Slovenia 1451
28 48  Czech Republic 1424 28 55  Belarus 1436
29 50  Norway 1420 29 56  Croatia 1433
30 51  Bulgaria 1419 30 59  Northern Ireland 1420
30 51  Hungary 1419 31 61  Turkey 1410
30 51  Montenegro 1419 32 63  Israel 1392
33 60  Finland 1375 33 67  Greece 1376
34 62  Albania 1368 34 68  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1374
35 63  Slovenia 1366 35 72  Kazakhstan 1349
36 68  North Macedonia 1350 36 77  Albania 1325
37 81  Belarus 1301 37 78  Bulgaria 1316
38 84  Israel 1285 38 83  Faroe Islands 1272
39 86  Luxembourg 1277 39 93  Latvia 1224
40 89  Cyprus 1276 40 95  Moldova 1222
41 94  Georgia 1256 41 97  Montenegro 1214
42 96  Estonia 1240 42 99  Estonia 1211
43 102  Faroe Islands 1213 43 101  Malta 1193
44 106  Armenia 1206 44 107  Lithuania 1168
45 108  Azerbaijan 1202 45 112  Georgia 1138
46 116  Kazakhstan 1171 46 113  Luxembourg 1136
47 127  Kosovo 1124 47 115  Cyprus 1123
48 132  Lithuania 1102 48 123  Kosovo 1059
49 133  Latvia 1101 49 124  North Macedonia 1056
50 134  Andorra 1099 50 153  Andorra 747
51 171  Moldova 974 N/A N/A  Armenia* N/A
52 180  Malta 943  Azerbaijan* N/A
53 182  Liechtenstein 932
54 195  Gibraltar 900
55 211  San Marino 848
  • * – Inactive for more than 18 months and therefore not ranked.

UEFA Executive Committee

President

Vice-presidents

Members

General secretary

Deputy general secretary

  • Italy Giorgio Marchetti

Treasurer

Head of club competitions

  • Michael Heselschwerdt

Head of national compettitions

  • Lance Kelly

Honorary president

See also

Resolutions

Awards: Qualifications:

Match:

Financial fair play

UEFA coefficient

UEFA presidents

  • List of presidents of UEFA

Related links

UEFA logo
Previous logo (1995–2012)

Notes

  1. ^ pronounced [ynjɔ̃ dez‿asɔsjasjɔ̃ øʁɔpeɛn də futbol].
  2. ^ pronounced [fɛɐ̯ˈʔaɪnɪɡʊŋ ɔʏʁoˈpɛːɪʃɐ ˈfuːsbalfɛɐ̯ˌbɛndə].

References

  1. ^ "Čeferin elected as UEFA President". UEFA. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  2. ^ uefa.com. "President - About UEFA - Inside UEFA – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  3. ^ uefa.com (2 January 2014). "1954-80 - History - About UEFA - Inside UEFA – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  4. ^ Including results of the Soviet Union
  5. ^ Europa League 2 to begin in 2021, from BBCSport.co.uk
  6. ^ "History of the UEFA Super Cup". uefa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
  7. ^ "1973: Ajax enjoy early success". uefa.com. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  8. ^ "uefa.com – UEFA Cup Winners' Cup". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010.
  9. ^ "History of the UEFA Intertoto Cup". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  10. ^ "History of the UEFA/CONMEBOL Intercontinental Cup". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  11. ^ "Un dilema histórico". El Mundo Deportivo's Historical Archive (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 September 2003.
  12. ^ "Edición del $dateTool.format('EEEE d MMMM yyyy', $document.date), Página $document.page - Hemeroteca - MundoDeportivo.com".
  13. ^ Chelsea qualified for Europa League's Round of 32 after finished in third place in the group stage of the 2012–13 Champions League.
  14. ^ "The man with the golden touch". uefa.com. Retrieved 27 August 2004.
  15. ^ "List of European official clubs' cups and tournaments". uefa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
  16. ^ "Sorteo de las competiciones europeas de fútbol: el Fram de Reykjavic, primer adversario del F.C. Barcelona en la Recopa" (PDF) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 13 July 1988. p. 53. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  17. ^ "Tutto inizio' con un po' di poesia". gazzetta.it.
  18. ^ "Nissan becomes an official partner". UEFA.com. 7 April 2014.
  19. ^ UEFA (9 July 2012). "Gazprom becomes an official partner". Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  20. ^ "UEFA Media Services" (PDF). Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  21. ^ "PepsiCo scores the UEFA Champions League".
  22. ^ "Hankook to sponsor of UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  23. ^ "FedEx to be main UEFA Europa League sponsor". UEFA.com. 15 May 2015.
  24. ^ Rent-A-Car, Enterprise. "Enterprise Rent-A-Car Sponsors UEFA Europa League to Engage European Audiences". www.prnewswire.co.uk. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Inter Milan v Napoli as it happened". BBC Sport. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  26. ^ "Why Uefa and Bulgaria must act over 'yes to racism' banner". The Guardian. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  27. ^ "Malmo fans sing 'UEFA Mafia' chant during Champions League defeat to Juventus". Eurosport. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  28. ^ "Kosovo Albanians protest UEFA ruling; Serbia FM and Serbian FA reaction". Associated Press. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  29. ^ "Fifa scandal: Michel Platini drawn closer to Blatter case". bbc.com. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  30. ^ "Platini says the SFr2m was contracted, Lauber says he is under investigation". insideworldfootball.com. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  31. ^ "Sepp Blatter, Michel Platini & Jerome Valcke suspended". BBC Sport. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  32. ^ "Henrikh Mkhitaryan to miss Europa League final". www.arsenal.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  33. ^ "Annual Review of Football Finance – Highlights". Deloitte. June 2015.
  34. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Ranking Table - European Zone - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  35. ^ "The FIFA Women's World Ranking - European Zone - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  36. ^ a b c d e f "UEFA Executive Committee". UEFA. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  37. ^ "Florence Hardouin". UEFA. 18 June 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  38. ^ FIFA.com. "Football Confederations - UEFA - FIFA.com". www.fifa.com.

External links

2017–18 UEFA Champions League

The 2017–18 UEFA Champions League was the 63rd season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, the 26th season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League.

The final was played between Real Madrid and Liverpool at the NSC Olimpiyskiy Stadium in Kiev, Ukraine. Real Madrid, the defending champions, beat Liverpool 3–1 to win a record-extending 13th title and their third title in a row.

As winners, Real Madrid qualified as the UEFA representative for the 2018 FIFA Club World Cup in the United Arab Emirates, and also earned the right to play against the winners of the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League, Atlético Madrid, in the 2018 UEFA Super Cup. Moreover, they would also have been automatically qualified for the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League group stage, but since they had already qualified through their league performance, the berth reserved was given to the champions of the 2017–18 Czech First League, the 11th-ranked association according to the 2018–19 access list.

2018–19 UEFA Champions League

The 2018–19 UEFA Champions League is the 64th season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 27th season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League.

The final will be played at the Wanda Metropolitano in Madrid, Spain, between Tottenham Hotspur and Liverpool. It will be the second all-English final after the 2008 final, which was contested between Manchester United and Chelsea in Moscow. The winners of the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League will earn the right to play against the winners of the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League in the 2019 UEFA Super Cup. They will also automatically qualify for the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League group stage. As both finalists have already qualified for the group stage through their league performance, the berth reserved will be given to the champions of the 2018–19 Austrian Bundesliga, the 11th-ranked association according to next season's access list.For the first time, the video assistant referee (VAR) system was used in the competition from the round of 16 onward.Real Madrid were the defending champions, having won the title for three successive seasons in 2015–16, 2016–17 and 2017–18. They were eliminated by Ajax in the round of 16.

2018–19 UEFA Europa League

The 2018–19 UEFA Europa League is the 48th season of Europe's secondary club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 10th season since it was renamed from the UEFA Cup to the UEFA Europa League.

The final will be played at the Olympic Stadium in Baku, Azerbaijan, between English sides Arsenal and Chelsea — which it marked for the first time ever in UEFA history that both the finals of UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League this season will be all played by teams from one country. The winners of the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League will earn the right to play against the winners of the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League in the 2019 UEFA Super Cup. They will also automatically qualify for the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League group stage, and if they have already qualified through their league performance, the berth reserved will be given to the third-placed team of the 2018–19 Ligue 1, the 5th-ranked association according to next season's access list.For the first time, the video assistant referee (VAR) system will be used in the competition, where it will be implemented in the final.As the title holders of Europa League, Atlético Madrid qualified for the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League, although they had already qualified before the final through their league performance. They were unable to defend their title as they advanced to the Champions League knockout stage.

2019 UEFA Champions League Final

The 2019 UEFA Champions League Final will be the final match of the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League, the 64th season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 27th season since it was rebranded the UEFA Champions League. It will be played at the Wanda Metropolitano in Madrid, Spain on 1 June 2019, between English sides Tottenham Hotspur, in their first European Cup final, and Liverpool, in their ninth final overall and their second in a row, having been defeated by Real Madrid in 2018. It will be the seventh Champions League final to feature two teams from the same association, the second all-English final after 2008, and the first final since 2013 to not feature at least one Spanish team, with Barcelona and Real Madrid having shared the previous five titles between them.

The winners will earn the right to play against the winners of the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League in the 2019 UEFA Super Cup. They were to also qualify to enter the group stage of the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League. However, as both finalists already qualified through their league position, the reserved berth will be given to the champions of the 2018–19 Austrian Bundesliga, the 11th-ranked association according to next season's access list.In March 2018, UEFA announced that a fourth substitution will be allowed in extra time and that the number of substitutes has been increased from 7 to 12. The kick-off time has also been changed from 20:45 CEST to 21:00 CEST. The match will also be the first final to use the video assistant referee (VAR) system.

2019–20 UEFA Champions League

The 2019–20 UEFA Champions League will be the 65th season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 28th season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League.

The final will be played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul, Turkey. The winners of the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League will earn the right to play against the winners of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League in the 2020 UEFA Super Cup. They will also automatically qualify for the 2020–21 UEFA Champions League group stage, and if they have already qualified through their league performance, the berth reserved will be given to the champions of the 11th-ranked association according to next season's access list.

The video assistant referee (VAR) system will be used in the competition from the play-off round onwards.

2019–20 UEFA Europa League

The 2019–20 UEFA Europa League will be the 49th season of Europe's secondary club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 11th season since it was renamed from the UEFA Cup to the UEFA Europa League.

The final will be played at the Stadion Energa Gdańsk in Gdańsk, Poland. The winners of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League will earn the right to play against the winners of the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League in the 2020 UEFA Super Cup. They will also automatically qualify for the 2020–21 UEFA Champions League group stage, and if they have already qualified through their league performance, the berth reserved will be given to the third-placed team of the 5th-ranked association according to next season's access list.

Chelsea F.C.

Chelsea Football Club is a professional football club in Fulham, London, England, that competes in the Premier League, the highest tier of English football. The club has won six top division titles, eight FA Cups, five League Cups, four FA Community Shields, two UEFA Cup Winners' Cups, one UEFA Champions League, one UEFA Europa League, and one UEFA Super Cup.Founded in 1905, the club's home ground since then has been Stamford Bridge. Chelsea won its only First Division title in 1955, but saw limited success in various cup competitions until 2003, when the club was purchased by Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich. Chelsea then saw heavy investment, and have since won 18 honours under Abramovich, second in that time only to Manchester United.José Mourinho is the club's most successful manager in terms of the number of major honours won, and his title-winning team set an English record for points between 2004 and 2005. Chelsea have traditionally worn a royal blue kit with white socks, and the club's crest features a ceremonial lion rampant regardant holding a staff. The club have rivalries with neighbouring teams Fulham, Arsenal, and Tottenham Hotspur.

In terms of club value, Chelsea are the seventh most valuable football club in the world, worth £1.54 billion ($2.06 billion), and are the eighth highest-earning football club in the world, with earnings of over €428 million in the 2017–18 season. Based on attendance figures, the club have the sixth-largest fanbase in England.

Cristiano Ronaldo

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro GOIH ComM (European Portuguese: [kɾiʃˈtjɐnu ʁoˈnaɫdu]; born 5 February 1985) is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for Italian club Juventus and captains the Portugal national team. Often considered the best player in the world and widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, Ronaldo has a record-tying five Ballon d'Or awards, the most for a European player, and is the first player to win four European Golden Shoes. He has won 28 trophies in his career, including six league titles, five UEFA Champions League titles and one UEFA European Championship. A prolific goalscorer, Ronaldo holds the records for most official goals scored in the UEFA Champions League (126), the UEFA European Championship (9), as well as those for most assists in the UEFA Champions League (34) and the UEFA European Championship (6). He has scored over 700 senior career goals for club and country.

Born and raised on the Portuguese island of Madeira, Ronaldo was diagnosed with a racing heart at age 15. He underwent an operation to treat his condition, and began his senior club career playing for Sporting CP, before signing with Manchester United at age 18 in 2003. After winning his first trophy in England, the FA Cup, during his first season there, he helped United win three successive Premier League titles, a UEFA Champions League title, and a FIFA Club World Cup. By age 22, he had received Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations and at age 23, he won his first Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year awards. In 2009, Ronaldo was the subject of, what was, at the time, the most expensive association football transfer when he moved from Manchester United to Real Madrid in a transfer worth €94 million (£80 million).

With Real Madrid, Ronaldo won 15 trophies, including two La Liga titles, two Copas del Rey and four UEFA Champions League titles. Real Madrid's all-time top goalscorer, Ronaldo scored a record 34 La Liga hat-tricks, including a record-tying eight hat-tricks in the 2014–15 season and is the only player to reach 30 goals in six consecutive La Liga seasons. After joining Madrid, Ronaldo finished runner-up for the Ballon d'Or three times, behind Lionel Messi, his perceived career rival, before winning back-to-back Ballons d'Or in 2013 and 2014. After winning consecutive Champions League titles, Ronaldo secured back-to-back Ballons d'Or again in 2016 and 2017. A historic third consecutive Champions League followed, making Ronaldo the first player to win the trophy five times. In 2018, he signed for Juventus in a transfer worth an initial €100 million; the highest ever paid by an Italian club and the highest fee ever paid for a player over 30 years old, winning the Serie A and the Supercoppa Italiana in his first season.

A Portuguese international, Ronaldo was named the best Portuguese player of all time by the Portuguese Football Federation in 2015. He made his senior debut in 2003 at age 18, and has since earned over 150 caps, including appearing and scoring in eight major tournaments, becoming Portugal's most capped player and his country's all-time top goalscorer. He scored his first international goal at Euro 2004 and helped Portugal reach the final of the competition. He assumed full captaincy in July 2008, leading Portugal to their first-ever triumph in a major tournament by winning Euro 2016, and received the Silver Boot as the second-highest goalscorer of the tournament, before becoming the highest European international goalscorer of all-time two years later. One of the most marketable athletes in the world, he was ranked the world's highest-paid athlete by Forbes in 2016 and 2017 and as the world's most famous athlete by ESPN in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals

The UEFA Champions League is a seasonal football competition established in 1955. The UEFA Champions League is open to the league champions of all UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) member associations (except Liechtenstein, which has no league competition), as well as to the clubs finishing from second to fourth position in the strongest leagues. Prior to the 1992–93 season, the tournament was named the European Cup. Originally, only the champions of their respective national league and the defending champion of the competition were allowed to participate. However, this was changed in 1997 to allow the runners-up of the stronger leagues to compete as well. In the Champions League era, the defending champion of the competition did not automatically qualify until the rules were changed in 2005 to allow title holders Liverpool to enter the competition.Teams that have won the UEFA Champions League three times in a row, or five times overall, receive a multiple-winner badge. Six teams have earned this privilege: Real Madrid, Ajax, Bayern Munich, Milan, Liverpool and Barcelona. Until 2009, clubs that had earned that badge were allowed to keep the European Champion Clubs' Cup and a new one was commissioned; since 2009, the winning team each year has received a full-size replica of the trophy, while the original is retained by UEFA.A total of 22 clubs have won the Champions League/European Cup. Real Madrid hold the record for the most victories, having won the competition 13 times, including the inaugural competition. They have also won the competition the most times in a row, winning it five times from 1956 to 1960. Juventus have been runners-up the most times, losing seven finals. Atlético Madrid is the only team to reach three finals without having won the trophy while Reims and Valencia have finished as runners-up twice without winning. Spain has provided the most champions, with 18 wins from two clubs. Italy have produced 12 winners from three clubs and England have produced 12 winners from five clubs. English teams were banned from the competition for five years following the Heysel disaster in 1985. The current champions are Real Madrid, who beat Liverpool in the 2018 final.

Real Madrid CF

Real Madrid Club de Fútbol (Spanish pronunciation: [reˈal maˈðɾið ˈkluβ ðe ˈfuðβol] (listen), meaning Royal Madrid Football Club), commonly referred to as Real Madrid, is a Spanish professional football club based in Madrid.

Founded on 6 March 1902 as the Madrid Football Club, the club has traditionally worn a white home kit since inception. The word real is Spanish for "royal" and was bestowed to the club by King Alfonso XIII in 1920 together with the royal crown in the emblem. The team has played its home matches in the 81,044-capacity Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in downtown Madrid since 1947. Unlike most European sporting entities, Real Madrid's members (socios) have owned and operated the club throughout its history.

The club was estimated to be worth €3.47 billion ($4.1 billion) in 2018, and it was the highest-earning football club in the world, with an annual revenue of €750.9 million in 2018. The club is one of the most widely supported teams in the world. Real Madrid is one of three founding members of La Liga that have never been relegated from the top division since its inception in 1929, along with Athletic Bilbao and Barcelona. The club holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably El Clásico with Barcelona and El Derbi with Atlético Madrid.

Real Madrid established itself as a major force in both Spanish and European football during the 1950s, winning five consecutive European Cups and reaching the final seven times. This success was replicated in the league, which the club won five times in the space of seven years. This team, which consisted of players such as Alfredo Di Stéfano, Ferenc Puskás, Francisco Gento, and Raymond Kopa, is considered by some in the sport to be the greatest team of all time. In domestic football, the club has won 64 trophies; a record 33 La Liga titles, 19 Copa del Rey, 10 Supercopa de España, a Copa Eva Duarte, and a Copa de la Liga. In European and worldwide competitions, the club has won a record 26 trophies; a record 13 European Cup/UEFA Champions League titles, two UEFA Cups and four UEFA Super Cups. In international football, they have achieved a record seven club world championships.Real Madrid was recognised as the FIFA Club of the 20th Century on 11 December 2000, and received the FIFA Centennial Order of Merit on 20 May 2004. The club was also awarded Best European Club of the 20th Century by the IFFHS on 11 May 2010. In June 2017, the team succeeded in becoming the first club to win back to back Champions Leagues, then made it three in a row in May 2018, extending their lead atop the UEFA club rankings.

UEFA Champions League

The UEFA Champions League (abbreviated as UCL) is an annual club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs. It is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world and the most prestigious club competition in European football, played by the national league champions (and, for some nations, one or more runners-up) of the strongest UEFA national associations.

Introduced in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs' Cup, more commonly known as the European Cup, it was initially a straight knockout tournament open only to the champion club of each national championship. The competition took on its current name in 1992, adding a round-robin group stage and allowing multiple entrants from certain countries. It has since been expanded, and while most of Europe's national leagues can still only enter their champion, the strongest leagues now provide up to five teams. Clubs that finish next-in-line in their national league, having not qualified for the Champions League, are eligible for the second-tier UEFA Europa League competition.

In its present format, the Champions League begins in late June with four knockout qualifying rounds and a play-off round. The 6 surviving teams enter the group stage, joining 26 teams qualified in advance. The 32 teams are drawn into eight groups of four teams and play each other in a double round-robin system. The eight group winners and eight runners-up proceed to the knockout phase that culminates with the final match in late May or early June. The winner of the Champions League qualifies for the following year's Champions League, the UEFA Super Cup and the FIFA Club World Cup.The competition has been won by 22 clubs, 12 of which have won it more than once. Real Madrid is the most successful club in the tournament's history, having won it 13 times, including its first five seasons. Real Madrid are also the reigning champions; they defeated Liverpool 3–1 in the 2018 final and became the first team in the Champions League era to win the title for three years in a row. Spanish clubs have the highest number of victories (18 wins), followed by England (13 wins) and Italy (12 wins). England has the largest number of winning teams, with five clubs having won the title.

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup

The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup (abbreviated as CWC) was a football club competition contested annually by the most recent winners of all European domestic cup competitions. The cup was one of the many inter-European club competitions that have been organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). The first competition was held in the 1960–61 season — but not recognised by the governing body of European football until two years later. The final tournament was held in 1998–99, after which it was absorbed into the UEFA Cup.From 1972 onwards, the winner of the tournament progressed to play the winner of the European Cup (later the UEFA Champions League) in the UEFA Super Cup. Since the abolition of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, the UEFA Super Cup place previously reserved for the Cup Winners' Cup winner has been taken by the winner of the UEFA Cup, now the UEFA Europa League. The competition's official name was originally the European Cup Winners' Cup; it was renamed the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup before the 1994–95 season.

UEFA Euro 2016

The 2016 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016, was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA. It was held in France from 10 June to 10 July 2016. Spain were the two-time defending champions, having won the 2008 and 2012 tournaments, but were eliminated in the round of 16 by Italy. Portugal won the tournament for the first time, following a 1–0 victory after extra time over the host team, France, in the final played at the Stade de France.

For the first time, the European Championship final tournament was contested by 24 teams, having been expanded from the 16-team format used since 1996. Under the new format, the finalists contested a group stage consisting of six groups of four teams, followed by a knockout phase including three rounds and the final. Nineteen teams – the top two from each of the nine qualifying groups and the best third-placed team – joined France in the final tournament, who qualified automatically as host; a series of two-legged play-off ties between the remaining third-placed teams in November 2015 decided the last four finalist spots.

France was chosen as the host nation on 28 May 2010, after a bidding process in which they beat Italy and Turkey for the right to host the 2016 finals. The matches were played in ten stadiums in ten cities: Bordeaux, Lens, Lille Métropole, Décines-Charpieu, Marseille, Nice, Paris, Saint-Denis, Saint-Étienne, and Toulouse. It was the third time that France hosted the finals, after the inaugural tournament in 1960 and the 1984 finals.

As the winners, Portugal earned the right to compete at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup in Russia.

UEFA Euro 2020

The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2020 or simply Euro 2020, is scheduled to be the 16th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA.It is scheduled to be held in 12 cities in 12 European countries from 12 June to 12 July 2020. Portugal are the defending champions, winning the 2016 edition. For the first time, the video assistant referee (VAR) system will be used at the UEFA European Championship.Former UEFA President Michel Platini said the tournament being hosted in several nations is a "romantic" one-off event to celebrate the 60th "birthday" of the European Championship competition. Wembley Stadium in London is planned to host the semi-finals and final for the second time, having done so before at the 1996 tournament.

UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying

The UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying tournament is a football competition that is being played from March 2019 to March 2020 to determine the 24 UEFA member men's national teams that will advance to the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament. The competition is linked with the 2018–19 edition of the UEFA Nations League, giving countries a secondary route to qualify for the final tournament. For the first time since 1976, no team will automatically qualify for the UEFA European Championship as the host country.There are 55 national teams participating in the qualifying process, with Kosovo taking part for the first time. The draw took place at the Convention Centre Dublin, Republic of Ireland, on 2 December 2018.

UEFA Europa League

The UEFA Europa League (abbreviated as UEL) is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs. Clubs qualify for the competition based on their performance in their national leagues and cup competitions. It is the second-tier competition of European club football, ranking below the UEFA Champions League.Previously called the UEFA Cup, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League since the 2009–10 season, following a change in format. For UEFA footballing records purposes, the UEFA Cup and UEFA Europa League are considered the same competition, with the change of name being simply a rebranding.In 1999, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was abolished and merged with the UEFA Cup. For the 2004–05 competition a group stage was added prior to the knockout phase. The 2009 re-branding included a merge with the UEFA Intertoto Cup, producing an enlarged competition format, with an expanded group stage and a change in qualifying criteria. The winner of the UEFA Europa League qualifies for the UEFA Super Cup and, since the 2014–15 season, the following season's UEFA Champions League, entering at the group stage.

The title has been won by 28 clubs, 12 of which have won the title more than once. The most successful club in the competition is Sevilla, with five titles. The current champions are Atlético Madrid, after defeating Marseille in the final to win the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League.

UEFA European Championship

The UEFA European Championship (known informally as the Euros) is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), determining the continental champion of Europe. Held every four years since 1960, in the even-numbered year between World Cup tournaments, it was originally called the UEFA European Nations' Cup, changing to the current name in 1968. Starting with the 1996 tournament, specific championships are often referred to in the form "UEFA Euro [year]"; this format has since been retroactively applied to earlier tournaments.

Prior to entering the tournament all teams other than the host nations (which qualify automatically) compete in a qualifying process. The championship winners earn the opportunity to compete in the following FIFA Confederations Cup, but are not obliged to do so.The 15 European Championship tournaments have been won by ten national teams: Germany and Spain each have won three titles, France has two titles, and Soviet Union, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands, Denmark, Greece and Portugal have won one title each. To date, Spain is the only team in history to have won consecutive titles, doing so in 2008 and 2012. It is the second most watched football tournament in the world after the FIFA World Cup. The Euro 2012 final was watched by a global audience of around 300 million.The most recent championship, hosted by France in 2016, was won by Portugal, who beat France 1–0 in the final at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis after extra time. The final also attracted 284 million viewers which is the second most viewed game in European tournament history.

UEFA Super Cup

The UEFA Super Cup is an annual super cup football match organised by UEFA and contested by the reigning champions of the two main European club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. It takes place at the start of the domestic season.

From 1972 to 1999, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. After the discontinuation of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, it has been contested by the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup, which was renamed the UEFA Europa League in 2009.

The current holders are Atlético Madrid, who won 4–2 against Real Madrid in 2018. The most successful teams in the competition are Barcelona and Italian side Milan, who have won the trophy five times each.

UEFA Women's Champions League

The UEFA Women's Champions League, previously called the UEFA Women's Cup (2001–09), is an international women's association football competition. It involves the top club teams from countries affiliated with the European governing body UEFA.

The competition was first played in 2001–02 under the name UEFA Women's Cup, and renamed the Champions League for the 2009–10 edition. The most significant changes in 2009 were the inclusion of runners-up from the top eight ranked nations, a one-off final as opposed to the two-legged finals in previous years, and – until 2018 – playing the final in the same city as the men's UEFA Champions League final.

Lyon is the most successful club in the competition's history, winning the title six times.

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