U.S. Route 1/9

U.S. Route 1/9 (US 1/9) is the 31.01-mile (49.91 km) long concurrency of US 1 and US 9 from their junction in Woodbridge Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, north to New York City. The route is a multilane road, with some freeway portions, that runs through urbanized areas of northern New Jersey adjacent to New York City. Throughout most of its length in New Jersey, the road runs near the New Jersey Turnpike/Interstate 95 (I-95). In Fort Lee, US 1/9 merges onto I-95 and crosses the Hudson River on the George Washington Bridge, where the two U.S. routes split a short distance into New York. US 1/9 intersects several major roads, including I-278 in Linden, Route 81 in Elizabeth, I-78 and US 22 in Newark, Route 139 in Jersey City, Route 3 and Route 495 in North Bergen, and US 46 in Palisades Park. Between Newark and Jersey City, US 1/9 runs along the Pulaski Skyway. Trucks are banned from this section of road and must use US 1/9 Truck. The concurrency between US 1 and US 9 is commonly referred to as "1 and 9".[3][4] Some signage for the concurrency, as well as the truck route, combines the two roads into one shield, separated by a hyphen (1-9) or an ampersand (1&9).[5][6]

The current alignment of US 1/9 south of Elizabeth was planned as pre-1927 Route 1 in 1916; this road was extended to the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City in 1922. When the U.S. Highway System was created in 1926, US 1 and US 9 were marked concurrent through northern New Jersey between Rahway on the current alignments of Route 27 and US 1/9 Truck. In 1927, pre-1927 Route 1 became Route 25, and Route 1 and Route 6 were legislated along the current US 1/9 north of Jersey City. US 1/9 originally went to the Holland Tunnel on Route 25; after the George Washington Bridge opened the two routes were realigned to their current routing north of Jersey City. After the Pulaski Skyway opened in 1932, US 1/9 and Route 25 were routed to use this road, which soon had a truck ban resulting in the creation of Route 25T (now US 1/9 Truck). South of Newark, US 1/9 was moved from Route 27 to Route 25. In 1953, the state highways running concurrent with US 1/9 in New Jersey were removed. In 1964, the approaches to the George Washington Bridge were upgraded into I-95.

US 1-9

U.S. Route 1/9
US 1/9 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NJDOT, PANYNJ, and NYSDOT
Length31.01 mi[1][2] (49.91 km)
Existed1926–present
Component
highways
Major junctions
South end US 1 / US 9 in Woodbridge Township
  Route 35 in Woodbridge Township
I-278 in Linden
Route 81 in Elizabeth
US 22 / Route 21 in Newark
I-78 in Newark
Route 139 in Jersey City
Route 3 / Route 495 in North Bergen
US 46 in Palisades Park
I-95 / N.J. Turnpike / US 9W / Route 4 / Palisades Parkway in Fort Lee
North end I-95 / US 1 / US 9 in Manhattan, New York
Location
StatesNew Jersey, New York
CountiesNJ: Middlesex, Union, Essex, Hudson, Bergen
NY: New York
Highway system
I-895US 1Route 1
Route 8US 9Route 9

Route description

Time-lapse video of a trip on U.S. Route 1-9 on a rainy day

Middlesex County

2016-03-12 15 20 28 View north at the south end of the multiplex of U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 9 (U.S. Route 1&9) just south of St. George Avenue (New Jersey Route 35) in Woodbridge, New Jersey
View north from the south end of the US 1 and US 9 concurrency

US 1 and US 9 begin their concurrency at a directional interchange in Woodbridge Township, Middlesex County.[1] US 1 comes from the southwest, where it serves the city of New Brunswick and Edison Township, while US 9 comes from the south, a short distance to the north of an interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) and the Garden State Parkway. The combined US 1/9 runs northeast through business areas as a six-lane divided highway, coming to a partial cloverleaf interchange with Route 35 a short distance after the merge. From this interchange, the road continues as a surface road with some jughandles, passing over New Jersey Transit’s North Jersey Coast Line.[1][7]

Union County

A short distance later, US 1/9 crosses into Rahway, Union County, where the road crosses the Rahway River before intersecting CR 514 in the southbound direction.[1] The highway turns more northeast, becoming known as Edgar Road in Linden. In Linden, US 1/9 passes through a mix of industrial and business areas, crossing under a Conrail Shared Assets Operations railroad line before passing between the Linden Airport and the former Linden Assembly plant used by General Motors to the west. Following the intersection with CR 615, the road enters more urbanized areas of homes and businesses. After passing near a couple of cemeteries, the highway runs to the west of the Bayway Refinery before passing under another Conrail Shared Assets Operations railroad line.[1][7] After this bridge, US 1/9 meets the western terminus of I-278 at a partial interchange with a northbound exit and southbound entrance from US 1/9.[1] Past this interchange, US 1/9 continues into Elizabeth, where it intersects Route 439 at the Bayway Circle, which has been modified to allow US 1/9 to run straight through. At this point, US 1/9 splits from Edgar Road.[1][7] From the Bayway Circle, the road turns more to the east before making a sharp turn to the north-northeast and crossing the Elizabeth River on a skyway, which ends at the intersection with Jersey Street. The road continues north through urban neighborhoods as Spring Street, passing under another Conrail Shared Assets Operations line. The highway reaches an intersection with CR 624, at which point US 1/9 turns into a freeway with a local-express lane configuration, carrying two local lanes and two express lanes in each direction for a total of eight lanes.[1] The freeway comes to an interchange with the northern terminus of Route 81 and it continues around the west side of Newark Liberty International Airport.[1][7]

Essex and Hudson counties

Northbound approaching Pulaski Skyway
Northbound U.S. Route 1/9 at the beginning of U.S. Route 1/9 Truck in Newark, with sign noting "No Trucks" on the approach to the Pulaski Skyway

The US 1/9 freeway continues into Newark, Essex County, with several ramps providing access to the airport as well as to McClellan Street and Haynes Avenue. At the north end of the airport property, the road reaches the large Newark Airport Interchange, where it has connections to I-78, US 22 westbound, and Route 21 northbound. Within this interchange, US 1/9 first has ramps to I-78, US 22, and Route 21 before turning east to parallel I-78 briefly prior to having more connections to I-78 as well as to Port Newark.[1][7] Past the I-78 crossing, US 1/9 continues north, with the lanes splitting as it passes over the Conrail Shared Assets Operations Oak Island Yard before coming to a northbound exit and southbound entrance with Delancey Street and South Street.[1] The freeway continues through industrial areas as it comes to a southbound exit and northbound entrance for Wilson Avenue.[1][7] Following this interchange, the directions of US 1/9 rejoin as the freeway continues northeast, with a Conrail Shared Assets Operations line running closely parallel to the northwest of the road.[1] The local-express lane configuration of US 1/9 ends at an interchange with US 1/9 Truck and Raymond Boulevard that provides access to the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95). At this point, US 1/9 becomes the four-lane divided Pulaski Skyway.[1][7] Trucks are banned from using the Pulaski Skyway and have to use US 1/9 Truck to bypass it.[8]

North end Truck 1-9 at Tonnelle Circle
The Tonnele Circle as viewed from the north end of US 1/9 Truck before it was demolished in 2010
USRoute1and9 TonnelleCirclebypass
Near the ramps constructed in 2012, which allow traffic to by-pass the Tonnele Circle

The Pulaski Skyway carries US 1/9 between Newark and Jersey City, crossing the Passaic River into Kearny, Hudson County and the Hackensack River into Jersey City.[1][7] At the east end of the Pulaski Skyway, US 1/9 reaches the Tonnele Circle, where it intersects the north end of US 1/9 Truck as well as the western terminus of Route 139. Here, US 1/9 head north on four-lane divided surface road called Tonnele Avenue,[1] named for local landowner and politician John Tonnele.[9] The road passes over a New Jersey Transit line and then a Conrail Shared Assets Operations line before running through urban areas.[1][7] It turns more to the north-northeast before reaching an interchange with CR 678. At this point, US 1/9 crosses into North Bergen.[1] In this area, the road crosses over Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor and coming to a channelized intersection with the eastern terminus of Route 3 that also provides access to eastbound Route 495.[1][7] A short distance later, US 1/9 becomes a four-lane undivided road and reaches a partial interchange with Route 495; the only direct connection available is a ramp from westbound Route 495 to southbound US 1/9. After this, the road comes to a diamond interchange with CR 676 and CR 681.[1] From this point, US 1/9 continues north-northeast, crossing New Jersey Transit’s Hudson-Bergen Light Rail near the line’s northern terminus at the Tonnelle Avenue station.[1][7] Past this station, the road runs to the east of a railroad yard, still lined with businesses.[7]

Bergen County

2018-07-22 10 07 44 View south along U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 9 and west along U.S. Route 46 at the exit for New Jersey State Route 63 SOUTH in Fort Lee, Bergen County, New Jersey
US 1/9 southbound and US 46 westbound at Route 63 interchange in Fort Lee

US 1/9 continues into Fairview, Bergen County, where the name changes to Broad Avenue. Shortly after entering Fairview, the route passes over a New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway line, where it is briefly a divided highway.[1] Turning north, the road passes more suburban areas before continuing into Ridgefield. In Ridgefield, US 1/9 becomes a divided highway prior to intersecting Route 93. The median ends after this intersection, and the road turns northeast into mostly residential neighborhoods with a few businesses, intersecting the western terminus of Route 5.[1][7] Past Route 5, US 1/9 continues into Palisades Park, where it reaches an interchange with US 46.[1]

At this point, US 1/9 turns east off Broad Avenue to merge onto US 46, which is a four-lane freeway.[1] This freeway makes a sharp turn to the north-northeast and has partial interchanges at both ends of the 5th Street and 6th Street frontage roads, which parallel the freeway through residential areas and provide access to CR 501. US 1/9/46 continue into Fort Lee, where it has access to a couple commercial areas before encountering the northern terminus of Route 63 at a westbound exit and eastbound entrance. From here, the highway becomes a surface road that continues past more businesses and homes, angling northeast as it comes to an exit for Main Street.[1][7] Immediately past this point, the road turns east and encounters a complex interchange with I-95, the eastern terminus of Route 4, and the southern terminus of US 9W.[1] Here, US 1/9/46 all join I-95 and continue to the southeast along a multilane freeway with local-express lane configuration consisting of four local lanes and four express lanes in each direction, passing numerous high-rise buildings as it heads east to the George Washington Bridge over the Hudson River.[7][10]

New York City

At the New Jersey/New York border on the bridge, US 46 ends and I-95 and US 1/9 continue into the borough of Manhattan in New York City and onto the Trans-Manhattan Expressway.[7][10] After an interchange with NY 9A (the Henry Hudson Parkway), the freeway comes to an interchange with Broadway at the George Washington Bridge Bus Station.[7] At this point, the US 1/9 concurrency ends, with US 9 heading north on Broadway and I-95 and US 1 continuing east toward The Bronx.[2][7]

2016-03-12 Collage of various signage styles along U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 9 (U.S. Route 1&9) in northeastern New Jersey
Alternative signage methods for the concurrency:
Left - Separate shields
Upper right - Combined using an ampersand, mostly phased out
Lower right - Combined using a dash, mostly new signage

History

What is now the US 1/9 concurrency between Woodbridge and Elizabeth was first legislated as the northernmost part of pre-1927 Route 1 in 1916, a route that was to continue south to Trenton. In 1922, an extension of Route 1 was legislated to continue north from Elizabeth to the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City.[11][12] This extension was planned to be the first superhighway in the United States, with much of it opening in 1928.[13] As a result of the creation of the U.S. Highway System in 1926, US 1 and US 9 were designated through northern New Jersey, sharing a concurrency from the current intersection of Route 27 and Route 35 in Rahway and continuing north on present-day Route 27 (then a part of pre-1927 Route 1) to Newark, then turning east, eventually following what is now US 1/9 Truck toward Jersey City, where US 1 was to head for the Holland Tunnel and US 9 was to turn north to run near the west bank of the Hudson River.[14][15][16] A year later, in the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, pre-1927 Route 1 between New Brunswick and Elizabeth became part of Route 27 while the Route 1 Extension became part of Route 25. In addition, the current alignment of US 1/9 between the Tonnele Circle and Fort Lee, which at the time was a part of US 9, became part of Route 1 while the approach to the George Washington Bridge became a part of Route 6.[17][18]

Pulaski Skyway undivided
1941 photo of the Pulaski Skyway

In 1932, the Pulaski Skyway was opened to traffic, and US 1/9 were designated to use it along with Route 25.[19] Two years later, trucks were banned from the Pulaski Skyway, and a truck bypass of the structure called Route 25T was created.[20][21] By the 1930s, US 1/9 was moved to follow Route 25 south to Woodbridge instead of Route 27.[22] By the 1940s, the US 1/9 alignment was moved to its current location north the Tonnele Circle, following Route 1 and Route 6 to the George Washington Bridge into New York City. In the vicinity of the George Washington Bridge, the route also ran concurrent with US 46.[19] In addition, US 9 was built to connect to US 1 in Woodbridge on its current alignment (then designated Route 35) instead of using Route 4 (the current Route 35).[23][24]

In the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, the state highways running concurrent with US 1/9 were removed, while Route 25T became US 1/9 Truck and Route 25 between the Tonnele Circle and the Holland Tunnel became US 1/9 Business (now Route 139).[25][26] In 1964, the US 1/9 approaches to the George Washington Bridge, which were shared with US 46 on the New Jersey side, were rebuilt into a freeway that became a part of I-95.[27] Between February 2006 and November 2008, the cloverleaf interchange with Route 35 in Woodbridge Township, which was the first cloverleaf interchange in the United States built in 1929 when this portion of US 1/9 was a part of Route 25, was replaced with a partial cloverleaf interchange, costing $34 million.[28][29][30]

In 2013, Route 1/9 was one of two main thoroughfares in Hudson County (the other being Kennedy Boulevard) that were listed among the Tri-State Transportation Campaign's list of the top ten most dangerous roads for pedestrians in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut. Route 1/9, which tied for the #10 place on the list, was cited for the five pedestrian fatalities that occurred on it from 2009 to 2011.[31]

Major intersections

Mileposts in New Jersey follow the consecutive mileposts from US 1.[1]

StateCountyLocationmi
[1][2][10]
kmExitDestinationsNotes
New JerseyMiddlesexWoodbridge Township35.8957.76 US 1 south – Trenton
US 9 south – Shore Points
Interchange; US 9 MP 136.25;
southern terminus of US 1/9 concurrency
36.4258.61 Route 35 – The Amboys, RahwayInterchange
37.7660.77South Inman Avenue / Rodgers StreetInterchange
UnionRahway38.8562.52 CR 514 (Lawrence Street) – Rahway, WoodbridgeInterchange; southbound exit and entrance
Linden42.3068.08 I-278 east to N.J. Turnpike / I-95 – Goethals Bridge, Staten IslandInterchange; western terminus of I-278;
northbound exit and southbound entrance
Elizabeth43.1169.38 Route 439 (Bayway) – Roselle, Plainfield, Staten Island, Goethals BridgeBayway Circle
North Avenue (CR 624) to I-95 / N.J. Turnpike
Southern terminus of freeway
45.7373.60 Route 81 south to N.J. Turnpike / I-95 / Dowd Avenue – Elizabeth SeaportNorthbound exit is via North Avenue
46.0074.03 Newark Liberty International AirportSouthbound exit and entrance via local lanes
EssexNewark46.2874.48McClellan StreetAccess via local lanes
46.7575.24 Newark Liberty International AirportAccess via local lanes
47.1075.80 I-78 to N.J. Turnpike / I-95 / G.S. Parkway – Clinton, Holland Tunnel, New York CityNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; exit 57 on I-78
47.3576.20Haynes Avenue
47.6476.67 US 22 west – HillsideEastern terminus of US 22
47.8476.99 Route 21 north – Downtown NewarkSouthern terminus of Route 21
48.0077.25 South AreaNorthbound exit and entrance
Executive DriveSouthbound exit and entrance
48.6078.21 Port Newark, North Area, South Area
48.9078.70 I-78 east / N.J. Turnpike / I-95Exit 14 on I-95 / Turnpike
49.0078.86Frontage Road
49.5579.74Delancey Street – NewarkNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
49.9180.32Wilson Avenue – NewarkSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
51.4382.77
US 1/9 Truck north to I-95 / N.J. Turnpike
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
51.4382.77Raymond Boulevard – NewarkSouthbound exit and southbound entrance
Passaic River51.8583.44Pulaski Skyway
HudsonKearny52.3384.22South KearnyTemporary closed during Skyway reconstruction
Hackensack River53.0685.39Pulaski Skyway
Jersey City54.0086.90BroadwayTemporary closed during Skyway reconstruction
54.6187.89 Route 139 east – Hoboken, Holland TunnelWestern terminus of Route 139
Northern terminus of freeway
Tonnele Avenue – Jersey CityTonnele Circle

US 1/9 Truck south to Route 7 west
Interchange; northern terminus of US 1/9 Truck; southbound exit and northbound entrance
56.2490.51Secaucus Road (CR 678) – Jersey CityInterchange
North Bergen57.2792.17 Route 3 west to I-95 / N.J. Turnpike / Route 495 east – Clifton, Lincoln TunnelNo northbound entrance; eastern terminus of Route 3
57.7492.92Paterson Plank Road (CR 681) / West Side Avenue / Union Turnpike (CR 676)Interchange
BergenRidgefield62.14100.00 Route 93 north (Grand Avenue)No access from US 1/9 south or to US 1/9 north
62.52100.62 Route 5 eastWestern terminus of Route 5
Palisades Park62.80101.07 US 46 west to I-95 / N.J. TurnpikeInterchange; southern terminus of concurrency with US 46
63.51102.21 CR 501 (East Central Boulevard) – Palisades ParkInterchange, access provided by 5th and 6th Streets
Fort Lee63.95102.92 Route 63 south (Bergen Boulevard)Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance; northern terminus of Route 63
64.49103.79Main Street (CR 56) – Fort Lee, LeoniaInterchange
64.88104.41South end of freeway
US 9W to Palisades Parkway – Fort LeeSouthbound exit is via exit 72
I-95 south / N.J. Turnpike south to I-80 / Route 4Southern terminus of concurrency with I-95; southbound exit and northbound entrance
65.30105.0972 US 9W north to Palisades Parkway / Route 67 – Fort LeeSigned as exit 73 southbound
65.46105.3573 US 9W north / Route 67 south (Lemoine Avenue) / Hudson Terrace / Center Avenue – Fort LeeUS 9W signed southbound; last northbound exit before toll
George Washington Bridge Toll Plaza
(Northbound toll; cash or E-ZPass)
65.60105.5774 Palisades Parkway northSouthbound exit and northbound exit from the express lanes
Hudson River66.06
0.00
106.31
0.00
George Washington Bridge
(Eastern terminus of US 46 at state line)
New YorkNew YorkNew York0.550.891A NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway / West 181st StreetNorthern terminus of US 1/9 concurrency; southbound exit and northbound entrance to US 9
US 9 north (West 178th Street)
0.841.35 I-95 north / US 1 north to I-87Continuation beyond US 9
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Related routes

See also

  • Blank shield.svg U.S. Roads portal
  • Flag of New Jersey.svg New Jersey portal
  • Flag of New York.svg New York (state) portal

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "US 1 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "Traffic Volume Report for New York County" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  3. ^ "Route 1 and 9 Merge". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  4. ^ Meagher, Thomas (August 10, 2009). "Linden crash on Routes 1 and 9 injures driver, causes traffic delays". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  5. ^ Signage for US 1/9, NJ 21, US 22, and I-78 in Newark. Retrieved on December 5, 2009.
  6. ^ Signage for US 1/9 Truck along NJ 7. Retrieved on December 5, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Google (December 5, 2009). "overview of U.S. Route 1/9" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  8. ^ "Traffic Regulations: Route 1 and 9, The Pulaski Skyway". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  9. ^ Miller, Jonathon (July 18, 2004). "ROAD AND RAIL; Lipstick On a Pig". New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "Interstate 95 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
  11. ^ 1916 Annual Report (Report). New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1916.
  12. ^ State of New Jersey, Laws of 1922, Chapter 253.
  13. ^ "Jersey's Super Road to Be Opened Today" (Fee required). The New York Times. December 16, 1928. p. XX12.
  14. ^ Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved November 7, 2013 – via University of North Texas Libraries.
  15. ^ Map of New Jersey (south) (Map). Tydol Trails. 1927. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
  16. ^ Map of New Jersey (north) (Map). Tydol Trails. 1927. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
  17. ^ State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
  18. ^ 1927 New Jersey Road Map (Map). State of New Jersey. Archived from the original on October 1, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
  19. ^ a b Rand McNally Road Atlas (Map). Rand McNally. 1946. p. 42. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
  20. ^ "Skyway Truck Ban Approved by State" (Fee required). The New York Times. January 24, 1932. p. 19.
  21. ^ "Jersey Renumbered". The New York Times. December 28, 1952. p. X15.
  22. ^ Map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Map). Mid-West Map Co. 1937. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
  23. ^ Map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Mid-West Map Co. 1941. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
  24. ^ Newark, New Jersey 1:250,000 quadrangle (Map). United States Geological Survey. 1947. Retrieved November 28, 2009.
  25. ^ 1953 renumbering, New Jersey Department of Highways, archived from the original on June 28, 2011, retrieved July 31, 2009
  26. ^ "New Road Signs Ready in New Jersey". The New York Times. December 16, 1952. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
  27. ^ Arterial Progress 1959-1965. Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. 1965.
  28. ^ "Routes 1&9-35 Interchange Improvements, Project Description, Construction Updates, Commuter Information". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  29. ^ "The Cloverleaf Interchange". WhereRoadsMeet. Archived from the original on May 14, 2008. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  30. ^ MartÃn, Hugo (April 7, 2004). "A Major Lane Change". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  31. ^ Zeitlinger, Ron; Machcinski, Anthony J. (March 1, 2013). "6th and 10th Most Fatalities". The Jersey Journal. p. 5.

External links

Route map:

Dayton, Newark

Dayton is a neighborhood within the city of Newark in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the city's south ward and was named after Jonathan Dayton. The area is bounded on the north by Peddie Street (Thomas Baldwin Peddie), on the east by Newark Liberty International Airport, on the south by Elizabeth and on the west by Elizabeth Avenue. The main road through the neighborhood is Frelinghuysen Avenue, but it is surrounded by U.S. Route 1/9, Interstate 78 and U.S. Route 22. The neighborhood of Dayton encompasses all of Weequahic Park, the second largest Park in Newark. The park includes an 80-acre (320,000 m2) lake (the largest in Essex County), a golf course and an old racetrack now used for jogging. The park has gospel and jazz concerts at night. The park is bisected by US 22 and the larger, southern section of the park (including Weequahic Lake) is easily accessible to Dayton.Jonathan Dayton (October 16, 1760 – October 9, 1824) was an American politician from the U.S. state of New Jersey. He was the youngest person to sign the United States Constitution and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, serving as the fourth Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, and later the U.S. Senate.

Years ago, the area of Dayton was also known for Twin City, a skating rink located on the Newark-Elizabeth border in the area of Virginia Street.

There is one train station in Dayton, Newark Liberty International Airport, served by New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line and North Jersey Coast Line, and Amtrak's Northeast Regional and Keystone Service. The station was built in 2001 to connect NJT's commuter lines and Amtrak's Northeast Corridor services with the airport's AirTrain system. It opened four years after service was run between terminals on the AirTrain. The station is only a transfer station and not publicly accessible by any roads. Proposal to extend PATH service to the airport may include a station at Dayton.

Lincoln Highway Passaic River Bridge

The Lincoln Highway Passaic River Bridge is a vehicular moveable bridge crossing the Passaic River at a point 1.8 mi (2.9 km) from the river mouth at Newark Bay in northeastern New Jersey, United States. The vertical lift bridge, along the route of the Lincoln Highway, carries U.S. Route 1/9 Truck (at milepoint 0.67) and the East Coast Greenway between the Ironbound section of Newark and Kearny Point in Kearny. Opened in 1941, it is owned by and operated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) and required by the Code of Federal Regulations to open on 4-hour notice for maritime traffic.

Linden Airport

Linden Airport (IATA: LDJ, ICAO: KLDJ, FAA LID: LDJ) is a mile southeast of downtown Linden, in Union County, New Jersey. Also known as Linden Municipal Airport, it is next to U.S. Route 1&9. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation reliever airport.

New Jersey Route 1

Route 1 was a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey prior to the 1953 renumbering. Created in the 1927 renumbering, it was designated to run from Rockleigh to Bayonne, along the Hudson River. That same year, Route S1 was created as a spur along Bergen Boulevard, now signed Route 63. The Route 1 designation was placed on a new route north of Fort Lee in 1929, replacing the existing Route 18N; the old section of Route 1 still survives as County Route 501, and Route S1A, now Route 67, was created from the remnants of Route 18N not taken over by the realignment of Route 1. By the 1953 renumbering, the entirety of the route was occupied by various U.S. Routes, and the Route 1 designation was abandoned in favour of these designation. Its sections are now parts of U.S. Route 9W, U.S. Route 1/9, U.S. Route 1/9 Truck, and Route 440.

New Jersey Route 139

Route 139 is a state highway in Jersey City, New Jersey in the United States that heads east from the Pulaski Skyway over Tonnele Circle to the state line with New Jersey and New York in the Holland Tunnel, which is under the Hudson River, to New York City. The western portion of the route is a two level highway that is charted by the New Jersey Department of Transportation as two separate roadways: The 1.45-mile (2.33 km) lower roadway (Route 139) between U.S. Route 1/9 over Tonnele Circle and Interstate 78 at Jersey Avenue, and the 0.83-mile (1.34 km) upper roadway (Route 139U or Hoboken Avenue) running from County Route 501 (John F. Kennedy Boulevard) and ending where it joins the lower highway as part of the 12th Street Viaduct, which ends at Jersey Avenue. The lower roadway is listed on the federal and NJ state registers of historic places since 2005. The eastern 1.32 miles (2.12 km) of the route includes the Holland Tunnel approach that runs concurrent with Interstate 78 on the one-way pair of 12th Street eastbound and 14th Street westbound. Including the concurrency, the total length of Route 139 is 2.77 miles (4.46 km).

What is now Route 139 was originally the northernmost part of the Route 1 Extension. Route 25 replaced Route 1 in the 1927 renumbering. In 1953 renumbering, Route 25 was changed back to U.S. Route 1, which had been previously rerouted to cross the Hudson River when the George Washington Bridge opened in 1931. Route 25 from the Pulaski Skyway over Tonnele Circle to the Holland Tunnel became U.S. Route 1/9 Business. By the 1990s, U.S. Route 1/9 Business was replaced by Route 139.

The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) began a rehabilitation program for the lower and upper levels of the highway in 2005. The renovation work for the 12th Street and 14th Street viaducts was completed in 2010. Renovation of the upper roadway, including the Hoboken Avenue Viaduct, and Conrail Viaduct on the lower roadway was expected to be completed by 2016.

New Jersey Route 21

Route 21 is a highway in Northern New Jersey, running 14.35 mi (23.09 km) from the Newark Airport Interchange with U.S. Route 1/9 and U.S. Route 22 in Newark, Essex County to an interchange with U.S. Route 46 in Clifton, Passaic County. The route is a four- to six-lane divided highway known as McCarter Highway on its southern portion in Newark that serves as a connector between the Newark and Paterson areas, following the west bank of the Passaic River for much of its length. It also serves as the main north–south highway through the central part of Newark, connecting attractions in Downtown Newark with Newark Airport. The portion of Route 21 through Newark is a surface arterial that runs alongside the elevated Northeast Corridor rail line through the southern part of the city and continues north through Downtown Newark while the portion north of Downtown Newark is a freeway. Route 21 intersects many major roads including Interstate 78, Route 27, and Interstate 280 in Newark, Route 7 in Belleville, and Route 3 in Clifton.

Route 21 was created in 1927 to run from Newark to Belleville. In 1948, the route was extended north to Paterson. In the 1950s construction began on the freeway portion of Route 21 and it was completed in stages between Chester Avenue in Newark and Monroe Street in Passaic between 1958 and 1973. Plans were made to extend the freeway north to Interstate 80 in Elmwood Park; however, they were opposed by residents living on the east side of the Passaic River. In the 1980s, another northern extension of the Route 21 freeway was proposed to U.S. Route 46 in Clifton; this section was built between 1997 and 2000. The surface portion of Route 21 through Newark underwent many improvements in the 1990s and 2000s.

New Jersey Route 35

Route 35 is a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey, primarily traveling through the easternmost parts of Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean counties. It runs 58.11 mi (93.52 km) from the entrance to Island Beach State Park in Berkeley Township, Ocean County to an intersection with Route 27 in Rahway, Union County. Between Seaside Park and Mantoloking, Route 35 follows the right-of-way of the former Pennsylvania Railroad along the Jersey Shore. The route heads through Point Pleasant Beach and crosses the Manasquan River on the Brielle Bridge, meeting Route 34 and Route 70 at the former Brielle Circle in Wall Township. From there, Route 35 heads north and intersects Route 138, an extension of Interstate 195, continuing north through Monmouth County before crossing the Victory Bridge over the Raritan River into Perth Amboy, has where the route continues north to Rahway.

Route 35 was designated in 1927 to run from Lakewood to South Amboy, from Lakewood to Belmar and from Eatontown to South Amboy. It was realigned onto its current alignment between Brielle and Belmar in 1929 and saw a northward extension along U.S. Route 9 from South Amboy to Iselin in 1947. In 1953, Route 35 was realigned to run from Point Pleasant to Seaside Heights along a former part of Route 37, with Route 35 between Lakewood and Point Pleasant becoming Route 88. At the same time, Route 35 was removed from U.S. Route 9 between South Amboy and Iselin and realigned to follow a former piece of Route 4 between South Amboy and Rahway. From the late 1950s to the mid-1970s, there were plans to build a freeway along the Route 35 corridor from Seaside Heights north into Monmouth County; the only portion that was built became part of Route 18. Route 35 was extended south to the Island Beach State Park entrance by the 1980s. Recent improvements to the route have removed many traffic circles and replaced the first cloverleaf interchange in the United States, built in 1929, at U.S. Route 1/9 in Woodbridge Township with a partial cloverleaf interchange.

New Jersey Route 440

Route 440 is a state highway in New Jersey, United States. It comprises two segments, a 5.15-mile (8.29 km) freeway in Middlesex County linking Interstate 287 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) in Edison to the Outerbridge Crossing in Perth Amboy and a 8.18-mile (13.16 km) four-lane divided highway in Hudson County running from the Bayonne Bridge in Bayonne to U.S. Route 1/9 Truck in Jersey City. These two segments are connected by New York State Route 440, which runs across Staten Island. The freeway portion in Middlesex County is six lanes wide and interchanges with the Garden State Parkway and U.S. Route 9 in Woodbridge.

What is now Route 440 was designated as two different routes in 1927: the Middlesex County portion between Route 4 (now Route 35) and the proposed Outerbridge Crossing was designated Route S4 (a spur of Route 4) while the Hudson County portion was designated as a part of Route 1. In 1953, Route 440 replaced Route S4 as well as Route 1 south of Communipaw Avenue; the number was chosen to match NY 440. A freeway was built for the route in Middlesex County between 1967 and finished in 1972. A freeway was also proposed for the route in Hudson County to fill in the gap between the Bayonne Bridge and 63rd Street; however, it was never built. In 2001, Route 440 replaced Route 169 along the Bayonne waterfront.

New Jersey Route 5

Route 5 is a 3.18-mile (5.12 km) state highway located entirely in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. It runs from U.S. Route 1/9 in Ridgefield east down the New Jersey Palisades to end at County Route 505 (River Road) at the Hudson River in Edgewater. The route is a two- to four-lane undivided highway its entire length, passing mostly through wooded residential neighborhoods. The route passes under Route 63 in Palisades Park, with access to that route provided by Bergen Boulevard, and intersects the southern terminus of Route 67 in Fort Lee.

The route was designated in 1916 as part of pre-1927 Route 10, which was to run from Paterson east to the terminal of the Fort Lee Ferry in Edgewater, using the Paterson and Hackensack Turnpike between Paterson and Hackensack, the Bergen Turnpike from Hackensack to Ridgefield, and a new alignment between Ridgefield and Edgewater. In 1927, the route was renumbered to Route 5, with initial plans to build a new alignment for the route between Ridgefield and Little Ferry. Route 5 was also planned to run concurrent with Route 6 (now U.S. Route 46) between Paterson and Ridgefield. However, the plans were modified in 1929 to build Route 6 on a new alignment and have Route 5 end at Route 1 (now U.S. Route 1/9) in Ridgefield. The former alignment was designated as Route 10N with maintenance eventually turned over to the county. The eastern terminus of Route 5 was moved to its current location by the 2000s. In 2007, construction began to improve the route in Palisades Park by replacing bridges and widening the road, with work expected to be completed in later 2009.

New Jersey Route 65

Route 65 is a former state highway in the city of Newark, New Jersey. The route went for 4.12 miles (6.63 km) along Port Street and Doremus Avenue through the industrial districts of the city. Route 65 began at an intersection with U.S. Route 1 and 9 near Newark Liberty International Airport. The route crossed over the New Jersey Turnpike along Port Street until an intersection with Doremus Avenue, where it turned northward for the rest of the distance, terminating at an intersection with U.S. Route 1 and 9 Truck.

Route 65 was originally planned in 1939 as a spur of Route 25, Route 25B, in Newark to connect that route with Route 25T (now U.S. Route 1/9 Truck). The route lasted for 14 years, until January 1, 1953, when the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering occurred. Route 25B was decommissioned on that day, along with its parent route, Route 25. Route 25B was redesigned as Route 65, and was removed from the state highway system by 1963. The two roads are now maintained by the city of Newark.

New Jersey Route 7

Route 7 is a state highway in the northern part of New Jersey in the United States. It has two sections, an east–west alignment running from U.S. Route 1/9 Truck in Jersey City to Route 21 in Belleville, and a north–south alignment running from the Newark/Belleville to the Nutley/Clifton border. The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) lists Route 7 as a single north–south highway with a small gap between the alignments. The entire highway has a combined length of 9.46 mi (15.22 km).

The southern section of Route 7, which runs from Jersey City to Belleville, passes through industrial areas, the New Jersey Meadowlands, Arlington Memorial Park, and some residential and business areas. West of the interchange with County Route 508 in Kearny, Route 7 is the Belleville Turnpike, a historic road created in 1759. The northern section of Route 7 runs north through residential and business areas of Belleville and Nutley into Clifton, where it turns west and crosses back into Nutley, briefly turning to the north to come to its northern terminus. A portion of the route in Nutley is municipally maintained while the portion within Clifton is maintained by Passaic County. The two separate sections of Route 7 are linked by County Route 506 (Rutgers Street) in Belleville, which is signed as Route 7 despite the fact it is not officially part of the route.

Route 7 was established in 1927 to run from Jersey City to Paterson, replacing pre-1927 Route 11 between Belleville and Paterson. The routing was amended in 1929 to head to Route 3 in Wallington and was extended north to Route 6 (now U.S. Route 46) in East Paterson in 1949. In 1953, the route was modified to follow its current alignment.

New Jersey Route 81

Route 81 is a state highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The route is a freeway connector between exit 13A of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) and U.S. Route 1/9 near Newark Liberty International Airport. It runs for 1.18 miles (1.90 km), entirely within the city of Elizabeth in Union County. A freeway called Route S100 was initially proposed on the current alignment of Route 81 in 1938; it, along with its parent Route 100, was never built. The current route was conceived in the 1960s as a freeway replacement for Route 164, which followed Humboldt Avenue, a surface road. It was to be designated Route 76, but was renumbered to Route 81 when Interstate 76 was created in New Jersey.

It was legislated in 1966 to run parallel to the New Jersey Turnpike from exit 13 until North Avenue, where it would turn northwest and intersect U.S. Route 1/9 near the airport. The routing was eventually shifted to begin from a new interchange along the New Jersey Turnpike. A total of $50 million in funding was allocated for the road and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was responsible for designing the road. The state had wanted the port authority to pay for construction; however it was ruled that they could not build the road. Construction on Route 81 took place between 1979 and 1982.

Newark Airport Interchange

The Newark Airport Interchange is a massive interchange of Interstate 78, U.S. Route 1-9, U.S. Route 22, New Jersey Route 21, and Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike) at the northern edge of Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, New Jersey.

Special route

In road transportation in the United States, a special route is a road in a numbered highway system that diverts a specific segment of related traffic away from another road. They are featured in many highway systems; most are found in the Interstate Highway System, U.S. highway system, and several state highway systems. Each type of special route possesses generally defined characteristics and has a defined relationship with its parent route. Typically, special routes share a route number with a dominant route, often referred as the "parent" or "mainline", and are given either a descriptor which may be used either before or after the route name, such as Alternate or Business, or a letter suffix that is attached to the route number. For example, an alternate route of U.S. Route 1 may be called "Alternate U.S. Route 1", "U.S. Route 1 Alternate", or "U.S. Route 1A". Occasionally, a special route will have both a descriptor and a suffix, such as U.S. Route 1A Business.

Tonnele Circle

The Tonnele Circle is an intersection in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States. It is named after Tonnele ["TON-lee"] Avenue, the north-south road that runs through it. Entrances and exits are, listed clockwise from north:

Tonnele Avenue north (U.S. Route 1/9)

entrance from Route 139 and Kennedy Boulevard

exit to Route 139

Tonnele Avenue south

entrance from Pulaski Skyway (U.S. Route 1/9)

Truck US 1/9

exit to Pulaski Skyway (U.S. Route 1/9)

Tonnelle Avenue station

Tonnelle Avenue is a ground-level station on the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail (HBLR) located at 51st Street in North Bergen, New Jersey. The station opened for service on February 25, 2006.

Service from the station travels to West Side Avenue in Jersey City at all times. On weekdays, service is also available to Hoboken Terminal. In conjunction with the station, New Jersey Transit operates a 730-space park-and-ride lot on Tonnelle Avenue (U.S. Route 1 & 9), between 49th and 51st Streets.

Currently, the station is the northern terminus for the light rail system, with two tracks and an island platform. The proposed Northern Branch Corridor Project would extend the line from Tonnelle Avenue north into Englewood, in eastern Bergen County.

Daily and monthly parking is available. Monthly parking passes are available on the 19th of each month for the following month.

U.S. Route 1/9 Truck

U.S. Route 1-9 Truck (US 1-9 Truck) is a United States highway in the northern part of New Jersey that stretches 4.11 mi (6.61 km) from the eastern edge of Newark to the Tonnele Circle in Jersey City. It is the alternate road for U.S. Route 1-9 (US 1-9) that trucks must use because they are prohibited from using the Pulaski Skyway, which carries the main routes of US 1-9. It also serves traffic accessing the New Jersey Turnpike, Route 440, and Route 7. The route is a four- to six-lane road its entire length, with portions of it being a divided highway, that runs through urban areas. From its south end to about halfway through Kearny, US 1-9 Truck is freeway-standard, with access to other roads controlled by interchanges.

While the US 1-9 Truck designation was first used in 1953, the roadway comprising the route was originally designated as an extension of pre-1927 Route 1 in 1922, a route that in its full length stretched from Trenton to Jersey City. US 1-9 was designated along the road in 1926 and one year later, in 1927, this portion of pre-1927 Route 1 was replaced with Route 25 as well as with a portion of Route 1 north of the Communipaw Avenue intersection. Following the opening of the Pulaski Skyway in 1932, US 1-9 and Route 25 were realigned to the new skyway. After trucks were banned from the skyway in 1934, the portion of Route 25 between Newark and Route 1 was designated as Route 25T. In 1953, US 1-9 Truck was designated in favor of Route 25T and Route 1 along this segment of road. The portion of the truck route north of Route 7 is being rebuilt as part of a $271.9 million project to construct new approach roads to connect US 1-9 Truck, Route 7, the Pulaski Skyway, Route 139, and US 1-9 north of Tonnele Circle and local streets in Jersey City. Construction, which started in late 2008, was completed in late 2012.

U.S. Route 22

U.S. Route 22 (US 22) is a west–east route and is one of the original United States highways of 1926, running from Cincinnati, Ohio, at US 27, US 42, US 127, and US 52 to Newark, New Jersey, at U.S. Route 1/9 in the Newark Airport Interchange.

US 22 is named the "William Penn Highway" throughout most of Pennsylvania. In southwest Ohio, it overlaps with State Route 3 and is familiarly known as the 3C Highway, "22 and 3", and Montgomery Road.

A section of US 22 in Pennsylvania between New Alexandria at U.S. Route 119 and Harrisburg at Interstate 81 has been designated a part of Corridor M of the Appalachian Development Highway System.

Western Slope, Jersey City

Western Slope is a neighborhood in The Heights, Jersey City, New Jersey on the cuesta, or gradual decline, of the western side of the New Jersey Palisades between The Boulevard and Tonnele Avenue.

Its southern border is generally considered to be Beach Street near The Divided Highway and ramp leading to Tonnelle Circle.

Its northern border is near Transfer Station, the district of Hudson County, New Jersey where Secaucus Road, Kennedy Boulevard, and Paterson Plank Road, intersect and where the borders of Jersey City Heights, North Bergen, New Jersey, and Union City, New Jersey meet at one point. Some streets of Western Slope keep their names as they cross over the city line into North Bergen.

From the Tonnelle Avenue at Route 139, Tonnelle Avenue Avenue through Western Slope is also known as U.S. Route 1/9 between the Holland and Lincoln tunnels, and is dotted with motels and gas stations, and a White Manna. Some effects from erosion resulting from continued development can be seen along the eastern side of Tonnelle Avenue Avenue. The area along Tonnelle Avenue Avenue is industrial and commercial, whereas the blocks rising to the east are residential.

Leonard Gordon Park at Manhattan Avenue is a neighborhood park and site of a larger than life 1907 sculpture referred to as Buffalo and Bears by Solon Hannibal Borglum.

Sparrow Hill is a neighborhood is a six block stretch of Liberty Avenue between Spruce Street and Manhattan Avenue.

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