The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play (4 rounds on an 18-hole course), with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday, which is Father's Day. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12 million purse, the largest of all 4 major championships and second largest of all PGA Tour events (The Players Championship leads with $12.5 million).
|Established||1895, 124 years ago|
|Course(s)||Pebble Beach in 2019|
|Par||71 in 2019|
|Length||6,828 yd (6,244 m) in 2019|
Japan Golf Tour
|Tournament record score|
|Aggregate||268 Rory McIlroy (2011)|
|To par||−16 Rory McIlroy (2011)|
−16 Brooks Koepka (2017)
|2019 U.S. Open (golf)|
The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was Horace Rawlins, a 21-year-old Englishman, who had arrived in the U.S. earlier that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.
In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.
Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the 11 tournaments from 2004-2014.
U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans); undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"); pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes); and two or three holes that are short par fives under regular play would be used as long par fours during the tournament (often to meet that frequently used par of 70, forcing players to have accurate long drives). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.
The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with a USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4. Players (male or female) may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.
The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date.
Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).
Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates. Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.
Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.
The USGA has granted a special exemption to 34 players 52 times since 1966. Players with multiple special exemptions include: Arnold Palmer (1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1994), Seve Ballesteros (1978, 1994), Gary Player (1981, 1983), Lee Trevino (1983, 1984), Hale Irwin (1990, 2002, 2003), Jack Nicklaus (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000), Tom Watson (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2010).
Irwin won the 1990 U.S. Open after accepting a special exemption. In the 2016, a special exemption was extended to former champion Retief Goosen (2001, 2004). In 2018, a special exemption was extended to former U.S. Open champions Jim Furyk (2003) and Ernie Els (1994, 1997).
The purse at the 2017 U.S. Open was $12 million, and the winner's share was $2.16 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€10,745,927 in 2017).
In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years. They are also automatically invited to play in The Players Championship for the next five years, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years.
Winners may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons.
Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.
The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.
Up to 2017, the U.S. Open retained a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie existed after that fifth round, then the playoff continued as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.
Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each. Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months, 14 days in 1911.
|2019||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California|
|2018||Brooks Koepka (2)||United States||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||281 (+1)||1 stroke||Tommy Fleetwood||2,160,000|
|2017||Brooks Koepka||United States||Erin Hills||Erin, Wisconsin||272 (−16)||4 strokes|| Hideki Matsuyama
|2016||Dustin Johnson||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||276 (−4)||3 strokes|| Jim Furyk
|2015||Jordan Spieth||United States||Chambers Bay||University Place, Washington||275 (−5)||1 stroke|| Dustin Johnson
|2014||Martin Kaymer||Germany||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||271 (−9)||8 strokes|| Erik Compton
|2013||Justin Rose||England||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||281 (+1)||2 strokes|| Jason Day
|2012||Webb Simpson||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Graeme McDowell
|2011||Rory McIlroy||Northern Ireland||Congressional Country Club, Blue Course||Bethesda, Maryland||268 (−16)||8 strokes||Jason Day||1,440,000|
|2010||Graeme McDowell||Northern Ireland||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||284 (E)||1 stroke||Grégory Havret||1,350,000|
|2009||Lucas Glover||United States||Bethpage State Park, Black Course||Farmingdale, New York[N 1]||276 (−4)||2 strokes|| Ricky Barnes
|2008||Tiger Woods (3)||United States||Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course||La Jolla, California[N 2]||283 (−1)||Playoff||Rocco Mediate||1,350,000|
|2007||Ángel Cabrera||Argentina||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||285 (+5)||1 stroke|| Jim Furyk
|2006||Geoff Ogilvy||Australia||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||285 (+5)||1 stroke|| Jim Furyk
|2005||Michael Campbell||New Zealand||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||280 (E)||2 strokes||Tiger Woods||1,170,000|
|2004||Retief Goosen (2)||South Africa||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||276 (−4)||2 strokes||Phil Mickelson||1,125,000|
|2003||Jim Furyk||United States||Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course||Olympia Fields, Illinois||272 (−8)||3 strokes||Stephen Leaney||1,080,000|
|2002||Tiger Woods (2)||United States||Bethpage State Park, Black Course||Farmingdale, New York[N 1]||277 (−3)||3 strokes||Phil Mickelson||1,000,000|
|2001||Retief Goosen||South Africa||Southern Hills Country Club||Tulsa, Oklahoma||276 (−4)||Playoff||Mark Brooks||900,000|
|2000||Tiger Woods||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||272 (−12)||15 strokes|| Ernie Els
Miguel Ángel Jiménez
|1999||Payne Stewart (2)||United States||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||279 (−1)||1 stroke||Phil Mickelson||625,000|
|1998||Lee Janzen (2)||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California[N 3]||280 (E)||1 stroke||Payne Stewart||535,000|
|1997||Ernie Els (2)||South Africa||Congressional Country Club, Blue Course||Bethesda, Maryland||276 (−4)||1 stroke||Colin Montgomerie||465,000|
|1996||Steve Jones||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||278 (−2)||1 stroke|| Tom Lehman
Davis Love III
|1995||Corey Pavin||United States||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||280 (E)||2 strokes||Greg Norman||350,000|
|1994||Ernie Els||South Africa||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||279 (−5)||Playoff|| Colin Montgomerie
|1993||Lee Janzen||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||272 (−8)||2 strokes||Payne Stewart||290,000|
|1992||Tom Kite||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||285 (−3)||2 strokes||Jeff Sluman||275,000|
|1991||Payne Stewart||United States||Hazeltine National Golf Club||Chaska, Minnesota||282 (−6)||Playoff||Scott Simpson||235,000|
|1990||Hale Irwin (3)||United States||Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3||Medinah, Illinois||280 (−8)||Playoff||Mike Donald||220,000|
|1989||Curtis Strange (2)||United States||Oak Hill Country Club, East Course||Rochester, New York[N 4]||278 (−2)||1 stroke|| Chip Beck
|1988||Curtis Strange||United States||The Country Club, Composite Course||Brookline, Massachusetts||278 (−6)||Playoff||Nick Faldo||180,000|
|1987||Scott Simpson||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California[N 3]||277 (−3)||1 stroke||Tom Watson||150,000|
|1986||Raymond Floyd||United States||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||279 (−1)||2 strokes|| Chip Beck
|1985||Andy North (2)||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||279 (−1)||1 stroke|| Dave Barr
|1984||Fuzzy Zoeller||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||276 (−4)||Playoff||Greg Norman||94,000|
|1983||Larry Nelson||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||280 (−4)||1 stroke||Tom Watson||72,000|
|1982||Tom Watson||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||282 (−6)||2 strokes||Jack Nicklaus||60,000|
|1981||David Graham||Australia||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||273 (−7)||3 strokes|| George Burns
|1980||Jack Nicklaus (4)||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||272 (−8)||2 strokes||Isao Aoki||55,000|
|1979||Hale Irwin (2)||United States||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||284 (E)||2 strokes|| Jerry Pate
|1978||Andy North||United States||Cherry Hills Country Club||Cherry Hills Village, Colorado||285 (+1)||1 stroke|| J. C. Snead
|1977||Hubert Green||United States||Southern Hills Country Club||Tulsa, Oklahoma||278 (−2)||1 stroke||Lou Graham||45,000|
|1976||Jerry Pate||United States||Atlanta Athletic Club, Highlands Course||Duluth, Georgia[N 5]||277 (−3)||2 strokes|| Al Geiberger
|1975||Lou Graham||United States||Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3||Medinah, Illinois||287 (+3)||Playoff||John Mahaffey||40,000|
|1974||Hale Irwin||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||287 (+7)||2 strokes||Forrest Fezler||35,000|
|1973||Johnny Miller||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||279 (−5)||1 stroke||John Schlee||35,000|
|1972||Jack Nicklaus (3)||United States||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||290 (+2)||3 strokes||Bruce Crampton||30,000|
|1971||Lee Trevino (2)||United States||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||280 (E)||Playoff||Jack Nicklaus||30,000|
|1970||Tony Jacklin||England||Hazeltine National Golf Club||Chaska, Minnesota||281 (−7)||7 strokes||Dave Hill||30,000|
|1969||Orville Moody||United States||Champions Golf Club, Cypress Creek Course||Houston, Texas||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Deane Beman
|1968||Lee Trevino||United States||Oak Hill Country Club, East Course||Rochester, New York[N 4]||275 (−5)||4 strokes||Jack Nicklaus||30,000|
|1967||Jack Nicklaus (2)||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||275 (−5)||4 strokes||Arnold Palmer||30,000|
|1966||Billy Casper (2)||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California[N 3]||278 (−2)||Playoff||Arnold Palmer||26,500|
|1965||Gary Player||South Africa||Bellerive Country Club||St. Louis, Missouri[N 6]||282 (+2)||Playoff||Kel Nagle||26,000|
|1964||Ken Venturi||United States||Congressional Country Club, Blue Course||Bethesda, Maryland||278 (−2)||4 strokes||Tommy Jacobs||17,000|
|1963||Julius Boros (2)||United States||The Country Club, Composite Course||Brookline, Massachusetts||293 (+9)||Playoff|| Jacky Cupit
|1962||Jack Nicklaus||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||283 (−1)||Playoff||Arnold Palmer||17,500|
|1961||Gene Littler||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Bob Goalby
|1960||Arnold Palmer||United States||Cherry Hills Country Club||Cherry Hills Village, Colorado||280 (−4)||2 strokes||Jack Nicklaus (a)||14,400|
|1959||Billy Casper||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||282 (+2)||1 stroke||Bob Rosburg||12,000|
|1958||Tommy Bolt||United States||Southern Hills Country Club||Tulsa, Oklahoma||283 (+3)||4 strokes||Gary Player||8,000|
|1957||Dick Mayer||United States||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||282 (+2)||Playoff||Cary Middlecoff||7,200|
|1956||Cary Middlecoff (2)||United States||Oak Hill Country Club, East Course||Rochester, New York[N 4]||281 (+1)||1 stroke|| Julius Boros
|1955||Jack Fleck||United States||Olympic Club, Lake Course||San Francisco, California[N 3]||287 (+7)||Playoff||Ben Hogan||6,000|
|1954||Ed Furgol||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course||Springfield, New Jersey||284 (+4)||1 stroke||Gene Littler||6,000|
|1953||Ben Hogan (4)||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||283 (−5)||6 strokes||Sam Snead||5,000|
|1952||Julius Boros||United States||Northwood Club||Dallas, Texas||281 (+1)||4 strokes||Ed Oliver||4,000|
|1951||Ben Hogan (3)||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||287 (+7)||2 strokes||Clayton Heafner||4,000|
|1950||Ben Hogan (2)||United States||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||287 (+7)||Playoff|| Lloyd Mangrum (2nd),
George Fazio (3rd)
|1949||Cary Middlecoff||United States||Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3||Medinah, Illinois||286 (+2)||1 stroke|| Clayton Heafner
|1948||Ben Hogan||United States||Riviera Country Club||Pacific Palisades, California[N 7]||276 (−8)||2 strokes||Jimmy Demaret||2,000|
|1947||Lew Worsham||United States||St. Louis Country Club||Ladue, Missouri||282 (−2)||Playoff||Sam Snead||2,500|
|1946||Lloyd Mangrum||United States||Canterbury Golf Club||Beachwood, Ohio||284 (−4)||Playoff|| Vic Ghezzi (T2)
Byron Nelson (T2)
|1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II|
|1941||Craig Wood||United States||Colonial Country Club||Fort Worth, Texas||284 (+4)||3 strokes||Denny Shute||1,000|
|1940||Lawson Little||United States||Canterbury Golf Club||Beachwood, Ohio||287 (−1)||Playoff||Gene Sarazen||1,000|
|1939||Byron Nelson||United States||Philadelphia Country Club, Spring Mill Course||Gladwyne, Pennsylvania||284 (−4)||Playoff|| Craig Wood (2nd),
Denny Shute (3rd)
|1938||Ralph Guldahl (2)||United States||Cherry Hills Country Club||Cherry Hills Village, Colorado||284 (E)||6 strokes||Dick Metz||1,000|
|1937||Ralph Guldahl||United States||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||281 (+1)||2 strokes||Sam Snead||1,000|
|1936||Tony Manero||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course||Springfield, New Jersey||282 (−2)||2 strokes||Harry Cooper||1,000|
|1935||Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||299 (+11)||2 strokes||Jimmy Thomson||1,000|
|1934||Olin Dutra||United States||Merion Golf Club, East Course||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||293 (+13)||1 stroke||Gene Sarazen||1,000|
|1933||Johnny Goodman (a)||United States||North Shore Country Club||Glenview, Illinois||287 (−1)||1 stroke||Ralph Guldahl||0|
|1932||Gene Sarazen (2)||United States||Fresh Meadow Country Club||Queens, New York||286 (+2)||3 strokes|| Bobby Cruickshank
|1931||Billy Burke||United States||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||292 (+4)||Playoff||George Von Elm||1,750|
|1930||Bobby Jones (a) (4)||United States||Interlachen Country Club||Edina, Minnesota||287 (−1)||2 strokes||Macdonald Smith||0|
|1929||Bobby Jones (a) (3)||United States||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||294||Playoff||Al Espinosa||0|
|1928||Johnny Farrell||United States||Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course||Olympia Fields, Illinois||294||Playoff||Bobby Jones (a)||500|
|1927||Tommy Armour|| Scotland
|Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||301||Playoff||Harry Cooper||500|
|1926||Bobby Jones (a) (2)||United States||Scioto Country Club||Columbus, Ohio||293||1 stroke||Joe Turnesa||0|
|1925||Willie Macfarlane||Scotland||Worcester Country Club||Worcester, Massachusetts||291||Playoff||Bobby Jones (a)||500|
|1924||Cyril Walker||England||Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course||Bloomfield Hills, Michigan||297||3 strokes||Bobby Jones (a)||500|
|1923||Bobby Jones (a)||United States||Inwood Country Club||Inwood, New York||296||Playoff||Bobby Cruickshank||0|
|1922||Gene Sarazen||United States||Skokie Country Club||Glencoe, Illinois||288||1 stroke|| John Black
Bobby Jones (a)
|1921||Jim Barnes||England||Columbia Country Club||Chevy Chase, Maryland||289||9 strokes|| Walter Hagen
|1920||Ted Ray||Jersey||Inverness Club||Toledo, Ohio||295||1 stroke|| Jack Burke Sr.
|1919||Walter Hagen (2)||United States||Brae Burn Country Club, Main Course||West Newton, Massachusetts||301||Playoff||Mike Brady||500|
|1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I|
|1916||Chick Evans (a)||United States||The Minikahda Club||Minneapolis, Minnesota||286||2 strokes||Jock Hutchison||0|
|1915||Jerome Travers (a)||United States||Baltusrol Golf Club, Revised Course||Springfield, New Jersey||297||1 stroke||Tom McNamara||0|
|1914||Walter Hagen||United States||Midlothian Country Club||Midlothian, Illinois||290||1 stroke||Chick Evans (a)||300|
|1913||Francis Ouimet (a)||United States||The Country Club||Brookline, Massachusetts||304||Playoff|| Harry Vardon (2nd),
Ted Ray (3rd)
|1912||John McDermott (2)||United States||Country Club of Buffalo||Buffalo, New York||294||2 strokes||Tom McNamara||300|
|1911||John McDermott||United States||Chicago Golf Club||Wheaton, Illinois||307||Playoff|| Mike Brady (2nd),
George Simpson (3rd)
|1910||Alex Smith (2)||Scotland||Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||298||Playoff|| John McDermott (2nd),
Macdonald Smith (3rd)
|1909||George Sargent||England||Englewood Golf Club||Englewood, New Jersey||290||4 strokes||Tom McNamara||300|
|1908||Fred McLeod||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||322||Playoff||Willie Smith||300|
|1907||Alec Ross||Scotland||Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||302||2 strokes||Gilbert Nicholls||300|
|1906||Alex Smith||Scotland||Onwentsia Club||Lake Forest, Illinois||295||7 strokes||Willie Smith||300|
|1905||Willie Anderson (4)||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||314||2 strokes||Alex Smith||200|
|1904||Willie Anderson (3)||Scotland||Glen View Club||Golf, Illinois||303||4 strokes||Gilbert Nicholls||200|
|1903||Willie Anderson (2)||Scotland||Baltusrol Golf Club, Original Course||Springfield, New Jersey||307||Playoff||David Brown||200|
|1902||Laurie Auchterlonie||Scotland||Garden City Golf Club||Garden City, New York||307||6 strokes|| Stewart Gardner
Walter Travis (a)
|1901||Willie Anderson||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||331||Playoff||Alex Smith||200|
|1900||Harry Vardon||Jersey||Chicago Golf Club||Wheaton, Illinois||313||2 strokes||J.H. Taylor||200|
|1899||Willie Smith||Scotland||Baltimore Country Club, Roland Park Course||Baltimore, Maryland||315||11 strokes|| Val Fitzjohn
|1898||Fred Herd||Scotland||Myopia Hunt Club||South Hamilton, Massachusetts||328||7 strokes||Alex Smith||150|
|1897||Joe Lloyd||England||Chicago Golf Club||Wheaton, Illinois||162||1 stroke||Willie Anderson||150|
|1896||James Foulis||Scotland||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||152||3 strokes||Horace Rawlins||150|
|1895||Horace Rawlins||England||Newport Country Club||Newport, Rhode Island||173||2 strokes||Willie Dunn||150|
(a) denotes amateur
|State totals – preceding courses are in that state|
|Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau|
|Region totals – each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions|
|Total U.S. Opens|
|Myopia Hunt Club||4||1908, 1905, 1901, 1898||MA|
|The Country Club||3||1988, 1963, 1913||MA|
|Worcester Country Club||1||1925||MA|
|Brae Burn Country Club||1||1919||MA|
|Newport Country Club||1||1895||RI|
|Total Rhode Island||1||NewEng|
|Total New England||10||NEast|
|Winged Foot Golf Club||5||2006, 1984, 1974, 1959,
|Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||5||2018, 2004, 1995, 1986, 1896||NY|
|Oak Hill Country Club||3||1989, 1968, 1956||NY|
|Bethpage State Park||2||2009, 2002||NY|
|Fresh Meadow Country Club||1||1932||NY|
|Inwood Country Club||1||1923||NY|
|Country Club of Buffalo||1||1912||NY|
|Garden City Golf Club||1||1902||NY|
|Total New York||19||MidAtl|
|Oakmont Country Club||9||2016, 2007, 1994, 1983, 1973,
1962, 1953, 1935, 1927
|Merion Golf Club||5||2013, 1981, 1971, 1950,
|Philadelphia Cricket Club||2||1910, 1907||PA|
|Philadelphia Country Club||1||1939||PA|
|Baltusrol Golf Club||7||1993, 1980, 1967, 1954,
1936, 1915, 1903
|Englewood Golf Club||1||1909||NJ|
|Total New Jersey||8||MidAtl|
|Congressional Country Club||3||2011, 1997, 1964||MD|
|Baltimore Country Club||1||1899||MD|
|Columbia Country Club||1||1921||MD|
|Pinehurst Resort||3||2014, 2005, 1999||NC|
|Total North Carolina||3||SthAtl|
|Atlanta Athletic Club||1||1976||GA|
|Total South Atlantic||9||South|
|Total East South Central||0||South|
|Southern Hills Country Club||3||2001, 1977, 1958||OK|
|Champions Golf Club||1||1969||TX|
|Colonial Country Club||1||1941||TX|
|Total West South Central||6||South|
|Medinah Country Club||3||1990, 1975, 1949||IL|
|Chicago Golf Club||3||1911, 1900, 1897||IL|
|Olympia Fields Country Club||2||2003, 1928||IL|
|North Shore Country Club||1||1933||IL|
|Skokie Country Club||1||1922||IL|
|Midlothian Country Club||1||1914||IL|
|Glen View Club||1||1904||IL|
|Inverness Club||4||1979, 1957, 1931, 1920||OH|
|Canterbury Golf Club||2||1946, 1940||OH|
|Scioto Country Club||1||1926||OH|
|Oakland Hills Country Club||6||1996,1985,1961,1951,
|Total East North Central||26||Midwest|
|Hazeltine National Golf Club||2||1991, 1970||MN|
|Interlachen Country Club||1||1930||MN|
|The Minikahda Club||1||1916||MN|
|Bellerive Country Club||1||1965||MO|
|St. Louis Country Club||1||1947||MO|
|Total West North Central||7||Midwest|
|Cherry Hills Country Club||3||1978, 1960, 1938||CO|
|Pebble Beach Golf Links||5||2010,2000,1992,1982,
|Torrey Pines Golf Course||1||2008||CA|
|Riviera Country Club||1||1948||CA|
|Total U.S. Opens||118|
There is an extensive records section on the official U.S. Open website.
As of 2015, Fox Sports is the official broadcaster of the U.S. Open, as the result of a 12-year deal with the USGA for exclusive rights to its tournaments through 2026. Coverage will be telecast by Fox (over-the-air) and Fox Sports 1 (cable).
The 2018 edition of the U.S. Open featured a total of 37 hours of coverage in the United States, with 19.5 hours being on Thursday and Friday, and 17.5 hours being on Saturday and Sunday; the Fox Sports 1 cable network carried a total of 13.5 hours of coverage on Thursday and Friday. The Fox broadcast network had a total of 23.5 hours of coverage Thursday through Sunday, with 6 hours Thursday and Friday, and 17.5 hours Saturday and Sunday. The overall 37–hour total was down 1.5 hours from last year's total of 38.5 hours, due to the Fox broadcast network's coverage having 23.5 hours this year, compared to the 24.5 hours it had last year, and the Fox Sports 1 cable network's 13.5 hours this year, compared to the 14 hours it had last year.
|2019||119th||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||June 13–16||1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010|
|2020||120th||Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course||Mamaroneck, New York||June 18–21||1929, 1959, 1974, 1984, 2006|
|2021||121st||Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course||La Jolla, California||June 17–20||2008|
|2022||122nd||The Country Club||Brookline, Massachusetts||June 16–19||1913, 1963, 1988|
|2023||123rd||Los Angeles Country Club, North Course||Los Angeles, California||June 15–18||Never|
|2024||124th||Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2||Pinehurst, North Carolina||June 13–16||1999, 2005, 2014|
|2025||125th||Oakmont Country Club||Oakmont, Pennsylvania||June 12–15||1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007, 2016|
|2026||126th||Shinnecock Hills Golf Club||Shinnecock Hills, New York||June 18–21||1896, 1986, 1995, 2004, 2018|
|2027||127th||Pebble Beach Golf Links||Pebble Beach, California||June 17–20||1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010, 2019|
The 1895 U.S. Open was the first U.S. Open, held on Friday, October 4, at Newport Golf Club in Newport, Rhode Island. Horace Rawlins won the inaugural event, two strokes ahead of runner-up Willie Dunn.Eleven players began the tournament (three withdrew before play began), completing four loops around Newport's nine holes, which measured 2,755 yards (2,519 m). At the end of the first 18-holes Willie Campbell, Willie Dunn, and James Foulis were tied for the lead with 89, with Horace Rawlins two back at 91. Rawlins shot 41 on each of the last two loops of the course to post an 82 and 173 total, two ahead of Dunn and three ahead of Foulis and Canadian Andrew Smith, the lone amateur in the field. Rawlins won a winner's share of $150 and a gold medal.The U.S. Open was played a day after the U.S. Amateur championship. The two championships were held on the same course for the next two years, at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in 1896 and the Chicago Golf Club in 1897. The U.S. Open was 36 holes total through 1897, increased to 72 in 1898.
The golf championships at Newport in 1895 were originally scheduled for September, but were postponed due to the America's Cup yacht races, won by Defender.1896 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1896 U.S. Open was the second U.S. Open, held July 18 at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in Southampton, New York. James Foulis won his only major title, three strokes ahead of runner-up Horace Rawlins, the defending champion. Like the first Open, it was a sideshow to the U.S. Amateur. However, there were 35 entrants and 28 finished the 36 holes.
Before play began, several players signed a petition stating that they would not play if John Shippen, an African-American, and Oscar Bunn, a Native American, were allowed to play. The petition was denied, however, and the players relented. Shippen, a caddie at Shinnecock Hills, shot an opening round of 78, which placed him just two back of leader Joe Lloyd. He was in a position to win the championship until an eleven on the 13th hole of the final round, and finished tied for sixth.
Foulis, the third-place finisher in the inaugural U.S. Open the year before, recorded rounds of 78-74 to prevail by three over Rawlins. Foulis' 74 set a record that was not broken until 1903, after the rubber-core ball had come into use.
At 4,423 yards (4,044 m), Shinnecock Hills played as the shortest course in U.S. Open history. Its next U.S. Open was 90 years later, in 1986. By then, the course had been lengthened to 6,912 yards (6,320 m).1897 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1897 U.S. Open was the third U.S. Open, held September 17 at Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois, a suburb west of Chicago. Joe Lloyd won his only major title by one stroke over runner-up Willie Anderson.Following the first round on Friday morning, Anderson began the final round in the afternoon four clear of Lloyd, who shot a 79 over the last 18 holes to Anderson's 84 to finish a stroke ahead. Lloyd's win was capped by a three at the 461-yard (422 m) finishing hole. Anderson needed a four at the last to tie Lloyd; he reached the green in three, but his putt came up 6 feet (1.8 m) short. Anderson waited four more years for first of his record four U.S. Open titles in five years.
This was the last year that the U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur championships were played simultaneously on the same course.
It was the last time the U.S. Open was only 36 holes total, doubling to 72 holes in 1898.1968 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1968 U.S. Open was the 68th U.S. Open, held June 13–16 at the East Course of Oak Hill Country Club in Rochester, New York. Lee Trevino equaled the tournament scoring record and won the first of his six major titles, four strokes ahead of runner-up Jack Nicklaus. It was also the first win on the PGA Tour for Trevino, age 28.
This was the second of three U.S. Opens at the East Course; Cary Middlecoff won the first in 1956 and Curtis Strange successfully defended in 1989. It also hosted the PGA Championship in 1980, 2003, and 2013, and the Ryder Cup in 1995.1982 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1982 U.S. Open was the 82nd U.S. Open, held June 17–20 at Pebble Beach Golf Links in Pebble Beach, California. Tom Watson won his only U.S. Open, two strokes ahead of runner-up Jack Nicklaus, for the sixth of his eight major titles.Watson also won the British Open a month later, to become the fifth player to win both Opens in the same year, joining Bobby Jones (1926, 1930), Gene Sarazen (1932), Ben Hogan (1953), and Lee Trevino (1971). It was later accomplished by Tiger Woods in 2000, the first half of his Tiger Slam; all six are Americans.
This was third major played at the Pebble Beach Golf Links; Nicklaus won the U.S. Open in 1972 and Lanny Wadkins won the PGA Championship in 1977.
The total purse was $375,000, with a winner's share of $60,000.1988 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1988 U.S. Open was the 88th U.S. Open, held June 16–20 at The Country Club in Brookline, Massachusetts, a suburb southwest of Boston. Curtis Strange defeated Nick Faldo in an 18-hole playoff for the first of two consecutive U.S. Open titles.1993 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1993 U.S. Open was the 93rd U.S. Open, held June 17–20 at Baltusrol Golf Club in Springfield, New Jersey, west of New York City. Lee Janzen shot all four rounds in the 60s and tied the U.S. Open scoring record to win the first of his two U.S. Open titles, two strokes ahead of runner-up Payne Stewart.Janzen's total of 272 tied the U.S. Open scoring record set by Jack Nicklaus in 1980, also at Baltusrol. It was the third consecutive time at Baltusrol that the scoring record was tied or broken. Nicklaus also won in 1967 with a 275, one stroke better than Ben Hogan's 276 at Riviera in 1948. Janzen joined Lee Trevino as the only champion to post all four rounds under 70; Trevino shot 275 in 1968, a quarter century earlier. (Rory McIlroy became the third in 2011 and set the scoring record.)1997 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1997 United States Open Championship was the 97th U.S. Open, held June 12–15 at the Blue Course of Congressional Country Club in Bethesda, Maryland, a suburb northwest of Washington, D.C.. Ernie Els won his second U.S. Open, the second of his four major championships, one stroke ahead of runner-up Colin Montgomerie.1998 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1998 United States Open Championship was the 98th U.S. Open, held June 18–21 at the Lake Course of the Olympic Club in San Francisco, California. Lee Janzen won his second U.S. Open, one stroke ahead of runner-up Payne Stewart. Janzen became the second winner at a U.S. Open at the Olympic Club to come back from seven strokes behind in the final round; Billy Casper also did it in 1966, but on the back nine alone. Stewart rebounded and won the title the next year at Pinehurst, but died four months later in an aviation accident.
Four-time champion Jack Nicklaus, age 58, made the 36-hole cut at the U.S. Open for the final time.This was the fourth U.S. Open at the Lake Course of the Olympic Club; the first two in 1955 and 1966 ended in playoffs, and 1987 was a one-stroke victory. The U.S. Open returned in 2012, also won by one stroke.2000 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2000 United States Open Championship was the 100th U.S. Open Championship, held June 15–18 at Pebble Beach Golf Links in Pebble Beach, California. Tiger Woods won his first U.S. Open by a record-setting fifteen strokes over runners-up Ernie Els and Miguel Ángel Jiménez – it remains the most dominating performance and victory in any major championship. As the United States Golf Association wanted to begin the millennium with a memorable tournament, Pebble Beach was moved up two years in the rotation. Notable golfers going into the tournament at large included Jack Nicklaus, playing in his final U.S. Open; Vijay Singh, the year's Masters winner; Ernie Els; and David Duval.
The defending champion, Payne Stewart, died in an aviation accident less than eight months earlier, in October 1999. His death was commemorated many times throughout the week, starting with a group of players simultaneously teeing off from the 18th fairway into the Pacific in a twist on the 21-gun salute. Sergio García wore Stewart's trademark navy plus fours in Stewart's honor in the first round. Nicklaus was asked to take Stewart's spot in the traditional grouping, for the first two rounds, of the prior year's British Open winner (Paul Lawrie), U.S. Amateur winner (David Gossett), and U.S. Open winner.
This was the last appearance for two-time winner Curtis Strange.2002 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2002 United States Open Championship was the 102nd U.S. Open, held June 13–16 at the Black Course of Bethpage State Park in Farmingdale, New York, east of New York City on Long Island. Tiger Woods was the champion at 277 (−3), three shots ahead of runner-up Phil Mickelson. It was Woods' second U.S. Open victory and eighth major championship win of his career.
For the first time in thirty years, the winner of the Masters also won the U.S. Open, for the first half of the grand slam. It was last accomplished by Jack Nicklaus in 1972, and also by Arnold Palmer (1960), Ben Hogan (1951, 1953), and Craig Wood (1941).
Nick Faldo and Hale Irwin were given special exemptions from the USGA to play in the event.2004 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2004 United States Open Championship was the 104th U.S. Open, held June 17–20 at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in Shinnecock Hills, New York. Retief Goosen won his second U.S. Open title, two strokes ahead of runner-up Phil Mickelson, the reigning Masters champion. The purse was $6.25 million with a winner's share of $1.125 million.
Late on Sunday in dry and breezy conditions, Goosen birdied the 16th hole and Mickelson double-bogeyed the par-3 17th. Goosen's previous U.S. Open win was in 2001 in a playoff at Southern Hills.2005 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2005 United States Open Championship was the 105th U.S. Open, held June 16–19 at Pinehurst Resort Course No. 2 in Pinehurst, North Carolina.
Michael Campbell won his only major title, two strokes ahead of runner-up Tiger Woods; third-round leader and two-time U.S. Open champion Retief Goosen collapsed on the final day. It was the second of three U.S. Opens at the course, which first hosted in 1999, when Payne Stewart won his second U.S. Open four months before his death in an aviation accident. Six years was the shortest gap between U.S. Opens at the same site since 1946. The total purse was $6.25 million with a winner's share of $1.17 million.2007 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2007 United States Open Championship was the 107th U.S. Open, held June 14–17 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh.Ángel Cabrera won his first major championship, one stroke ahead of runners-up Jim Furyk and Tiger Woods, who were unable to birdie the 72nd hole to force a Monday playoff. Cabrera's victory marked the first U.S. Open won by an Argentine or a South American. It was the first of his two major titles; he won the Masters in a playoff in 2009.
This was the eighth U.S. Open and eleventh professional major held at Oakmont.2008 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2008 United States Open Championship was the 108th U.S. Open, played June 12–16 at Torrey Pines in San Diego, California. Tiger Woods won his third U.S. Open and 14th major title, defeating Rocco Mediate on the first hole of sudden-death, following an 18-hole playoff. With this victory, Woods joined Jack Nicklaus as the only two players to win the career grand slam three times. The U.S. Open was held at the Torrey Pines for the first time, on its South Course.
It was an unlikely victory for Woods, who entered the tournament considerably short of match practice and was plagued throughout the week by an ailing left knee. Two days after the championship, Woods revealed that he would miss the remainder of the 2008 season after undergoing knee surgery; this was his last win in a major championship until the 2019 Masters.
This was the final 18-hole playoff at the U.S. Open. A two-hole aggregate playoff was introduced by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in 2018.2009 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2009 United States Open Championship was the 109th U.S. Open, held June 18–22 on the Black Course of Bethpage State Park on Long Island, in Farmingdale, New York. Lucas Glover won his only major title, two strokes ahead of runners-up Ricky Barnes, David Duval, and Phil Mickelson.This was the second U.S. Open at Bethpage Black; the first in 2002 was won by Tiger Woods, also the defending champion. The 2009 edition was hit heavily by continuous rain throughout the tournament, and resulted in multiple suspensions of play. Mickelson announced that this would be his last tournament for a while, before he took time off to tend to his ailing wife, Amy, who had been recently diagnosed with breast cancer.2010 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2010 United States Open Championship was the 110th U.S. Open, held June 17–20 in Pebble Beach, California. Graeme McDowell of Northern Ireland won his first major title, one stroke ahead of runner-up Grégory Havret of France. McDowell was the first European to win the U.S. Open in forty years, since Tony Jacklin of England won in 1970, which started a period in which four out of five U.S. Open champions between 2010-14 were European. This was the fifth U.S. Open to be played at Pebble Beach Golf Links (it also hosted in 2000, 1992, 1982, and 1972).2018 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2018 United States Open Championship was the 118th U.S. Open, held June 14–17 at Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in Shinnecock Hills, New York, about eighty miles (130 km) east of New York City on Long Island; it was the fifth time the U.S. Open was held at this course.
Defending champion Brooks Koepka shot a final round 68 for 281 (+1) to win his second straight U.S. Open, one stroke ahead of runner-up Tommy Fleetwood, who closed with the sixth round of 63 in U.S. Open history. Koepka was only the third to successfully defend the title since World War II, following Ben Hogan (1951) and Curtis Strange (1989).
The USGA changed the playoff format in February, from a full round (18 holes) to a two-hole aggregate playoff. Previously, playoffs at the U.S. Open were 18 holes, followed by sudden-death, if needed. The last 18-hole playoff was in 2008, won by Tiger Woods on the first sudden-death hole.2019 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2019 United States Open Championship will be the 119th U.S. Open, scheduled to be played June 13–16 at Pebble Beach Golf Links in Pebble Beach, California.
U.S. Open Championships
U.S. Open Championship venues
|World Golf Championships|
|FedEx Cup playoff events|
|Unofficial money events|
All events are listed in chronological order.
|World Golf Championships|
|Other Race to Dubai|
All events listed in chronological order.