Typhlops is a genus of blind snakes found in the West Indies[1]. Some species have been moved to Afrotyphlops, Anilios, Antillotyphlops, Cubatyphlops, Indotyphlops, Letheobia, Madatyphlops, Malayotyphlops, Xerotyphlops, Argyrophis, and Amerotyphlops.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Infraorder: Scolecophidia
Superfamily: Typhlopoidea
Family: Typhlopidae
Subfamily: Typhlopinae
Genus: Typhlops
Oppel, 1811


Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range
T. agoralionis Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 La Hotte blind snake
T. capitulatus Richmond, 1964 0 Haitian pale-lipped blind snake, Richmond's worm snake
T. eperopeus Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 Bahoruco blind snake
T. gonavensis Richmond, 1964 0 Gonâve Island worm snake
T. hectus Thomas, 1974 0 Tiburon Peninsula blind snake, Thomas's worm snake
T. jamaicensis (Shaw, 1802) 0 Jamaican blind snake, Jamaica worm snake
T. leptolepisT Dominguez, Fong & Iturriaga, 2013 0
T. lumbricalisT (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 Earthworm blind snake
T. oxyrhinus Dominguez & Diaz, 2011 0
T. pachyrhinus Dominguez & Diaz, 2011 0
T. proancylops Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 La Selle blind snake
T. pusillus Barbour, 1914 0 Hispaniola worm snake
T. rostellatus Stejneger, 1904 0 Puerto Rican worm snake
T. schwartzi Thomas, 1989 0 Schwartz's worm snake
T. silus Legler, 1959 0
T. sulcatus Cope, 1868 0 Island worm snake
T. sylleptor Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 Pestel blind snake
T. syntherus Thomas, 1965 0 Barahona Peninsula blind snake, Barahona worm snake
T. tetrathyreus Thomas, 1989 0 Haitian worm snake
T. titanops Thomas, 1989 0 Titan worm snake

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

See also

See also


  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c "Typhlops ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 August 2007.

External links

Argyrophis diardii

Argyrophis diardii, known commonly as Diard's blind snake, the Indochinese blind snake, the large blind snake, or the large worm snake, is a species of harmless snake in the family Typhlopidae. The species is endemic to South Asia and Southeast Asia. There are two recognized subspecies.

Brongersma's worm snake

Brongersma's worm snake (Amerotyphlops brongersmianus) is a harmless blind snake species endemic to South America. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Coffee worm snake

The coffee worm snake (Amerotyphlops tenuis) is a harmless blind snake species found in Mexico and Guatemala. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Darjeeling worm snake

The Darjeeling worm snake (Indotyphlops meszoelyi) is a blind snake species found in Darjeeling, West Bengal Province, India.

Dominican blind snake

The Dominican blind snake or Dominican worm snake (Antillotyphlops dominicanus) is a species of blind snake that is endemic to the Caribbean island-nation of Dominica, in the Lesser Antilles.It is widespread, mainly in coastal xeric woodland and associated cultivated lands, but it is uncommonly seen because of its burrowing habits. It can reach 385 mm long. It has a small, rounded head, and colored brown all over, with a lighter ventral surface.

The Guadeloupe blind snake (A. guadeloupensis), endemic to Guadeloupe, is sometimes described as a subspecies, A. d. guadeloupensis, with the Dominican population then classified as the nominate subspecies, A. d. dominicanus.


The Gerrhopilidae (Indo-Malayan blindsnakes) are a family of blindsnakes that contains at least 16 species in the genus Gerrhopilus, and possibly others (the genus Cathetorhinus and the species known as either Malayotyphlops manilae, Gerrhopilus manilae, or Typhlops manilae) as well. These blindsnakes are found in India (including the Andaman Islands), Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia (including Java, Ternate, Sulawesi, Halmahera, Waigeu, Salawati, Irian Jaya, and Bali), and Papua New Guinea.

These blindsnakes were considered to be part of the family Typhlopidae and were formerly known as the Typhlops ater species group. In 2010, they were discovered to be distantly related to other typhlopids and separated into their own family. Gerrhopilidae, Xenotyphlopidae, and Typhlopidae are grouped together in the superfamily Typhlopoidea to emphasize their closer relationship to one another than to the other two families of scolecophidians (Leptotyphlopidae and Anomalepididae).

Gerrhopilids differ from other blindsnakes in having gland-like structures ‘peppered’ over the head scales. Many species also have a divided preocular and/or ocular scale, and the second supralabialal scale overlaps the preocular in all species but one (G. tindalli).

Recent studies have shown that there are many undiscovered species of blindsnakes, so it is likely that there are many more species of gerrhopilids yet to be discovered.

Grypotyphlops acutus

Grypotyphlops acutus, also known as the beaked worm snake, beaked blind snake, or beak-nosed worm snake, is a harmless blind snake species endemic to peninsular India. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Indotyphlops braminus

Indotyphlops braminus, commonly known as the brahminy blind snake and other names, is a nonvenomous blind snake species found mostly in Africa and Asia, but has been introduced in many other parts of the world. They are completely fossorial (i.e., burrowing) animals, with habits and appearance similar to earthworms, for which they are often mistaken, although close examination reveals tiny scales rather than the annular segments characteristic of true earthworms. The specific name is a Latinized form of the word Brahmin, which is a varna among Hindus. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Large shieldtail snake

The large shieldtail snake (Rhinophis saffragamus) is a species of snake in the family Uropeltidae, which is endemic to the island of Sri Lanka. No subspecies are currently recognized.

List of typhlopid species and subspecies

This is a list of all genera, species and subspecies of the family Typhlopidae, otherwise referred to as typical blind snakes, or typhlopids. It follows the taxonomy currently provided by ITIS, which is based on the continuing work of Dr. Roy McDiarmid.


Acutotyphlops infralabialis

Acutotyphlops kunuaensis

Acutotyphlops solomonis

Acutotyphlops subocularis


Cyclotyphlops deharvengi

Ramphotyphlops, long-tailed blind snakes

Ramphotyphlops acuticaudus, Palau blind snake

Ramphotyphlops affinis

Ramphotyphlops albiceps

Ramphotyphlops angusticeps

Ramphotyphlops australis, southern blindsnake

Ramphotyphlops batillus

Ramphotyphlops bituberculatus

Ramphotyphlops braminus, brahminy blind snake

Ramphotyphlops broomi

Ramphotyphlops centralis

Ramphotyphlops chamodracaena

Ramphotyphlops cumingii

Ramphotyphlops depressus

Ramphotyphlops diversus

Ramphotyphlops endoterus

Ramphotyphlops erycinus

Ramphotyphlops exocoeti, Christmas Island blind snake

Ramphotyphlops flaviventer

Ramphotyphlops grypus

Ramphotyphlops guentheri

Ramphotyphlops hamatus

Ramphotyphlops howi

Ramphotyphlops kimberleyensis

Ramphotyphlops leptosomus

Ramphotyphlops leucoproctus

Ramphotyphlops ligatus

Ramphotyphlops lineatus

Ramphotyphlops lorenzi

Ramphotyphlops margaretae

Ramphotyphlops micromma

Ramphotyphlops minimus

Ramphotyphlops multilineatus

Ramphotyphlops nigrescens

Ramphotyphlops olivaceus

Ramphotyphlops pilbarensis

Ramphotyphlops pinguis

Ramphotyphlops polygrammicus

Ramphotyphlops polygrammicus brongersmai

Ramphotyphlops polygrammicus elberti

Ramphotyphlops polygrammicus florensis

Ramphotyphlops polygrammicus polygrammicus

Ramphotyphlops polygrammicus undecimlineatus

Ramphotyphlops proximus

Ramphotyphlops silvia

Ramphotyphlops similis

Ramphotyphlops supranasalis

Ramphotyphlops tovelli

Ramphotyphlops troglodytes

Ramphotyphlops unguirostris

Ramphotyphlops waitii

Ramphotyphlops wiedii

Ramphotyphlops willeyi

Ramphotyphlops yampiensis

Ramphotyphlops yirrikalae


Rhinotyphlops acutus

Rhinotyphlops anomalus

Rhinotyphlops ataeniatus

Rhinotyphlops boylei

Rhinotyphlops caecus

Rhinotyphlops crossii

Rhinotyphlops debilis

Rhinotyphlops erythraeus

Rhinotyphlops feae

Rhinotyphlops gracilis

Rhinotyphlops graueri

Rhinotyphlops kibarae

Rhinotyphlops lalandei

Rhinotyphlops leucocephalus

Rhinotyphlops lumbriciformis

Rhinotyphlops newtonii

Rhinotyphlops pallidus

Rhinotyphlops praeocularis

Rhinotyphlops rufescens

Rhinotyphlops schinzi

Rhinotyphlops schlegelii

Rhinotyphlops schlegelii brevis

Rhinotyphlops schlegelii mucruso

Rhinotyphlops schlegelii petersii

Rhinotyphlops schlegelii schlegelii

Rhinotyphlops scorteccii

Rhinotyphlops simoni

Rhinotyphlops somalicus

Rhinotyphlops stejnegeri

Rhinotyphlops sudanensis

Rhinotyphlops unitaeniatus

Rhinotyphlops wittei

Typhlops, Blind snakes

Typhlops andamanensis

Typhlops angolensis

Typhlops arenarius

Typhlops ater

Typhlops beddomii

Typhlops bibronii

Typhlops biminiensis

Typhlops biminiensis biminiensis

Typhlops biminiensis paradoxus

Typhlops bipartitus

Typhlops bisubocularis

Typhlops bothriorhynchus

Typhlops boulengeri

Typhlops brongersmianus

Typhlops canlaonensis

Typhlops capitulatus

Typhlops cariei

Typhlops castanotus

Typhlops catapontus

Typhlops caymanensis

Typhlops ceylonicus

Typhlops coecatus

Typhlops collaris

Typhlops comorensis

Typhlops congestus

Typhlops conradi

Typhlops costaricensis

Typhlops cuneirostris

Typhlops decorosus

Typhlops decorsei

Typhlops depressiceps

Typhlops diardii

Typhlops domergnei

Typhlops dominicanus

Typhlops dominicanus dominicanus

Typhlops dominicanus guadeloupensis

Typhlops elegans

Typhlops epactius

Typhlops exiguus

Typhlops floweri

Typhlops fornasinii

Typhlops fredparkeri

Typhlops giadinhensis

Typhlops gierrai

Typhlops gonavensis

Typhlops granti, Grant's blind snake

Typhlops grivensis

Typhlops hectus

Typhlops hedraeus

Typhlops hypogius

Typhlops hypomethes, coastal blindsnake

Typhlops hypsobothrius

Typhlops inornatus

Typhlops jamaicensis

Typhlops jerdoni

Typhlops khoratensis

Typhlops klemmeri

Typhlops koekkoeki

Typhlops koshunensis

Typhlops kraalii

Typhlops lankaensis

Typhlops lehneri

Typhlops leucomelas

Typhlops leucostictus

Typhlops lineolatus

Typhlops loveridgei

Typhlops lumbricalis

Typhlops luzonensis

Typhlops madagascariensis

Typhlops malcolmi

Typhlops manilae

Typhlops manni

Typhlops marxi

Typhlops mcdowelli

Typhlops microstomus

Typhlops minuisquamus

Typhlops mirus

Typhlops monastus

Typhlops monastus geotomus

Typhlops monastus monastus

Typhlops monensis, Mona blind snake

Typhlops mucronatus

Typhlops oatesii

Typhlops obtusus

Typhlops ocularis

Typhlops oligolepis

Typhlops pammeces

Typhlops paucisquamus

Typhlops platycephalus, flat-headed blindsnake

Typhlops platyrhynchus

Typhlops porrectus

Typhlops punctatus

Typhlops punctatus liberiensis

Typhlops punctatus punctatus

Typhlops pusillus

Typhlops reticulatus

Typhlops reuteri

Typhlops richardii, Richard's blind snake

Typhlops rondoensis

Typhlops rostellatus, Puerto Rican wetland blind snake

Typhlops ruber

Typhlops ruficaudus

Typhlops schmidti

Typhlops schmidti schmidti

Typhlops schmidti wilsoni

Typhlops schmutzi

Typhlops schwartzi

Typhlops siamensis

Typhlops socotranus

Typhlops steinhausi

Typhlops sulcatus, sulcate blind snake

Typhlops syntherus

Typhlops tasymicris

Typhlops tenebrarum

Typhlops tenuicollis

Typhlops tenuis

Typhlops tetrathyreus

Typhlops thurstoni

Typhlops tindalli

Typhlops titanops

Typhlops trangensis

Typhlops trinitatus, Trinidad worm snake

Typhlops uluguruensis

Typhlops unilineatus

Typhlops veddae

Typhlops vermicularis

Typhlops violaceus

Typhlops wilsoni

Typhlops yonenagae

Typhlops zenkeri


Xenotyphlops grandidieri

Madatyphlops cariei

Madatyphlops cariei is an extinct blind snake species which was endemic to Mauritius. It is named for Paul Carié (1876–1930), an amateur naturalist attached to the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, who made excavations in Mare aux Songes around 1900 where the remains of this species were discovered.

Malayotyphlops hypogius

Malayotyphlops hypogius, also known as the Cebu blind snake or Cebu Island worm snake, is a species of snake in the Typhlopidae family.

Polycheles typhlops

Polycheles typhlops is a species of blind, deep water decapod crustacean with a cosmopolitan distribution. It is "one of the dominant and most characteristic crustaceans in deep-sea communities of the Mediterranean Sea".

Slender worm snake

The slender worm snake (Indotyphlops porrectus) is a harmless blind snake species found in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and northern Myanmar. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Southern marsupial mole

The southern marsupial mole (Notoryctes typhlops) is a mole-like marsupial found in the western central deserts of Australia. It is extremely adapted to a burrowing way of life. It has large, shovel-like forepaws and silky fur, which helps it move easily. It also lacks complete eyes as it has little need for them. It feeds on earthworms and larvae.

Thurston's worm snake

Thurston's worm snake (Gerrhopilus thurstoni) is a harmless blind snake species found in western India. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Trinidad worm snake

The Trinidad worm snake or Trinidad burrowing snake, (Amerotyphlops trinitatus) is a harmless blind snake species endemic to Trinidad and Tobago. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Two-lined blind snake

The two-lined blind snake (Tetracheilostoma bilineatum) is a harmless blind snake species endemic to Martinique in the Lesser Antilles.

Xerotyphlops vermicularis

Xerotyphlops vermicularis, the European blind snake, European worm snake, Eurasian blind snake, or Eurasian worm snake, is a species of snake in the genus Xerotyphlops. Despite its common name, the range of the European blind snake ranges from the Balkan Peninsula, the Aegean Islands, and Cyprus to Afghanistan. The common name refers to how it is the only blindsnake of the genus Typhlops naturally found in Europe. The only other blindsnake found in Europe is the brahminy blindsnake, or "flowerpot snake," Ramphotyphlops braminus, where specimens have been discovered lurking in the soil at the Kew Gardens.

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