Type 26 frigate

The Type 26 frigate or City-class frigate is a class of frigate being built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.[8] The ship design and manufacture programme, known as the Global Combat Ship, was created by the UK Ministry of Defence to partially replace the navy's thirteen Type 23 frigates, and for export.[20] It will be a multi-mission warship designed to support anti-submarine warfare, air defence and general purpose operations.[9]

The programme began in 1998, under what was then known as the Future Surface Combatant (FSC). However, by March 2010, this procurement programme had evolved to become the Global Combat Ship, following the announcement of a four-year, £127 million design contract being awarded to BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships.[21] The design passed Main Gate 1 in early 2015, with the Demonstration Phase starting 1 April 2015. In August 2015 the first long lead items for Type 26 were ordered, with manufacturing then expected to begin in 2016 and the first Type 26 to be delivered in 2023.[22] In November 2016 it was announced that first steel would be cut for the eight Royal Navy ships in summer 2017.[23] They will be built at BAE Systems' Govan and Scotstoun yards on the River Clyde in Glasgow.[24] The contract award to manufacture the Type 26 was announced by BAE Systems on 2 July 2017,[3] with steel cut for the first of class, HMS Glasgow on 20 July 2017 by the Secretary of State for Defence, Sir Michael Fallon.[25]

In June 2018, the Australian Government announced that it had selected a modified version of the Type 26 platform as the planned replacement for its Anzac-class frigate.[26] This will see the Royal Australian Navy procure up to nine Hunter-class frigates, which will be constructed by BAE Systems Australia at ASC's shipyard in Osborne, South Australia.[6][27]

On 8 February 2019, Procurement Minister Carla Qualtrough announced that the Canadian government had awarded Lockheed Martin Canada a C$185 million contract to design a fleet of 15 warships based on the Type 26, with a total program cost of $60 billion (which includes operations and maintenance over the life of the ships). The amount of the contract will increase as the design work increases. The initial design contract is with Irving Shipbuilding of Halifax.[28]

Type 26 Capability
BAE Systems design, 2017
Class overview
Name: Type 26 frigate
Builders: BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships
Preceded by:

£8bn UK programme cost (2016 est.)[1]

AU$35bn Australia programme cost (2018 est.)[2]
Built: Contract award for first three of eight planned ships announced 2 July 2017[3]
In service: Mid-2020s (planned)[4]
Building: 3[8]
Completed: 0
General characteristics
Type: Anti-submarine warfare frigate[4]
Displacement: 6,900 t (6,800 long tons; 7,600 short tons),[9] 8,000+ t full load[10][11]
Length: 149.9 m (491 ft 10 in)[9]
Beam: 20.8 m (68 ft 3 in)[9]
Speed: In excess of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)[9]
Range: In excess of 7,000 nmi (13,000 km) in Electric-Motor (EM) drive[9]
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Complement: 157[9] (capacity for 208)[9]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
IRVIN-GQ DLF decoys[12]
Aircraft carried:
  • Accommodation for two helicopters:
  • Wildcat,[16] armed with;
    • 4 × anti-ship missiles, or
    • 2 × anti-submarine torpedoes
    • Mk 11 Depth charges
  • AgustaWestland Merlin,[16] armed with;
    • 4 × anti-submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities:
Notes: Flexible mission bay[16]


Future Surface Combatant

The Global Combat Ship started development under the original Future Surface Combatant (FSC) programme intended to replace the Royal Navy's Type 22 and Type 23 frigates. Planning for a replacement escort vessel started in 1998 with the ordering of a research vessel, RV Triton, to study whether a trimaran design was practical for such a large and complex vessel. However, by the early 2000s it was apparently obvious the Royal Navy favoured more conventional designs. In March 2005, plans were released for a two-class solution, a cheaper "Medium Sized Vessel Derivative" entering service in 2016–19 and a more capable "Versatile Surface Combatant" entering service around 2023.[29]

In early 2006 the MoD started a Sustained Surface Combatant Capability (S2C2) programme which explored synergies between the FSC and other needs, for minesweepers, patrol ships and survey ships. By early 2007 this had crystallised into the three requirements; C1, C2 and C3. The C1 was to be an anti-submarine warfare task group enabled platform and would displace around 6,000 tonnes. C2 was to be a more general purpose platform displacing somewhere in the region of 4-5,000 tonnes, and C3 was to be a Global Corvette to replace a larger number of smaller vessels in service, such as minesweepers, patrol and survey ships. The Global Corvette was to displace around 2-3,000 tonnes.[30] The C3 concept found its roots in early 2004 when the MoD issued a Request for Information (RFI) for a smaller class of ship known as the Global Corvette. Low running costs and the ability to operate forward in shallow, coastal areas where larger ships cannot, were both important. BAE Systems, VT Group, Thales and Rolls-Royce responded in autumn 2004 with concepts ranging from a well equipped Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) of 1,500 tonnes to an advanced and very capable "corvette" of 3,000 tonnes, along the lines of the USN's Littoral Combat Ship programme (LCS).

The FSC concept was brought forward in the 2008 budget, at the expense of options for two Type 45 destroyers not being taken up (ships 7 and 8).[31] In 2009 BAE Systems received a contract to design the C1 and C2 frigates with a planned 25-year life. A total of 18 vessels (10 C1 and 8 C2) were planned to enter service from 2020, at a pace of roughly one per year.[32] In early 2010 the C3 variant was dropped in favour of the Mine Countermeasures, Hydrography and Patrol Capability (MHPC) programme.

Global Combat Ship

Official mention of the Future Surface Combatant had all but disappeared by 2010, and on 25 March of that year BAE Systems were given a four-year, £127 million contract by the Ministry of Defence to fully design a new class of warship, the "Global Combat Ship", previously C1 of the FSC. Expectations at the time were for the first ship to be "in service" by 2021.[33][34] The October 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) reaffirmed the government's commitment to the Global Combat Ship, saying; "As soon as possible after 2020 the Type 23 will be replaced by Type 26 frigates, designed to be easily adapted to change roles and capabilities depending on the strategic circumstances".[35] As part of the defence review it was also announced that the remaining Type 22 frigates would be decommissioned without replacement, reducing the Royal Navy's escort fleet from 23 destroyers and frigates to 19 (6 Type 45 destroyers and 13 Type 23 frigates).[35]

BAE Systems' original working baseline for the Global Combat Ship design was a vessel 141 metres long with a displacement of 6,850 tonnes and a range of 7,000 nautical miles at 18 knots.[36] However, on 30 November 2010 it was reported that the specifications had been pared down, in effort to reduce the cost from £500M to £250-350M per ship. Subsequently, new specification details began to emerge of a smaller 5,400 tonne ship emphasising flexibility and modularity.[37] Unlike the FSC, the Global Combat Ship has only one hull design. However like the Franco-Italian family of FREMM multipurpose frigates, three versions are proposed for export: a design optimised for anti-submarine warfare (ASW), an anti-aircraft warfare (AAW) variant, and a general purpose (GP) variant.[38][39]

Although a decision was made in November 2010 to reduce the specifications and capability requirements of the Global Combat Ship design, BAE Systems' design concepts by 2014 had returned to their original working baseline of a large 6,900 tonne warship.[9] In February 2015, the MoD and BAE Systems signed a contract worth £859 million to continue the development phase and to support progression towards the manufacturing phase.[40] A 12-month Demonstration Phase was started on 1 April 2015 and, following a 12-month extension in March 2016, was scheduled to be completed in June 2017.[41] On 2 July 2017, BAE Systems announced it had been awarded a c£3.7 billion contract by the UK MoD to manufacture the first three Type 26 ships. The release stated "...steel being cut on the first ship in Glasgow in the coming weeks."[3] In September 2015, the programme cost was estimated at £11.5 billion, for what was then assumed to be for 13 Global Combat Ships.[42] The cost for the current eight ships was quoted as £8 billion in 2016.[1]


The Global Combat Ship has been designed from the outset with export in mind. During a House of Commons debate on 31 January 2011, it was revealed that Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, and Turkey had all expressed interest in collaborating on the Global Combat Ship.


The governments of the United Kingdom and Australia had previously been exploring the potential for cooperation on the C1 and C3 designs of the Future Surface Combatant, which corresponded closely to the Royal Australian Navy's requirements in replacing its Anzac-class frigates with a new class of frigate.[43] The two countries signed a defence cooperation treaty in January 2013 and Australia pledged cooperation on the Global Combat Ship design in order to investigate its suitability for their own procurement programme.[44] In April 2016, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull confirmed that the Global Combat Ship was one of three designs shortlisted for the replacement of Anzac-class frigates.[45] In September 2016 the Australian government awarded BAE Systems a contract to further refine the design of the Type 26 Global Combat Ship for the Royal Australian Navy under the SEA 5000 (Future Frigate) programme.[46] Australia issued a request for tenders (RFT) in support of the programme in late March 2017. The programme is valued at AUD35 billion (USD26.25 billion).[47] On 10 August 2017 BAE Systems announced it had submitted its bid for the SEA 5000 programme.[48] Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announced in June 2018, that BAE had won the contract and Australia will build nine units of a modified version of the Type 26 concept vessel in Adelaide.[49]


During the House of Commons debate of 31 January 2011, it was also disclosed that the Canadian government was interested in collaborating on the Global Combat Ship and that the UK and Canada were in "close discussion".[50] However, a Canadian union campaigned that the Global Combat Ship threatened Canadian shipbuilders, and in the run-up to the May 2011 election a spokesman for Peter MacKay, at the time Canadian Defence Minister, ruled out involvement with the British programme.[51] Turkey also later rejected the design in 2012 as not meeting its requirements.[52] Although Canada had previously ruled out partnership with the British programme, in May 2016 IHS Janes reported that the Global Combat Ship was still one of the contenders for the Canadian Surface Combatant requirement.[53] Indeed, in November 2017, a Lockheed Martin-led consortium put forward their "CSC Proposal", based on the Type 26 design by BAE Systems, for the Royal Canadian Navy's future frigate project.[54]

On 19 October 2018 it was announced that BAE-Lockheed Martin was selected as the 'preferred' bidder in the Canadian Surface Combatant programme and that the Canadian government would begin negotiations to award a contract for 15 ships worth CAD$60 billion with BAE and Lockheed Martin Canada, the primary contractors. The preferred bid beat out offers from Alion Science and Technology and their proposal based on the Dutch De Zeven Provinciën Air Defence and Command (LCF) frigate and Navantia/Saab/CEA Technologies with their proposal based on the Spanish Navy F-105 frigate.[7][55]

On 21 November 2018 Alion Science and Technology asked the Federal Court for a judicial review of the decision, claiming the winning bid was "incapable of meeting three critical mandatory requirements" of the design tender, including the mandatory speed requirements set by the Royal Canadian Navy.[56]

On 27 November 2018, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (CITT) ordered the Government to postpone the finalising of the deal to purchase the ships, while the complaint from Alion was investigated. On 11 December 2018, the CITT gave the government a green light to proceed with the Lockheed contract, but its inquiry into the compliance of the Type 26 with Canada's requirements continued.[57] The Tribunal dismissed the case entirely in February 2019.[58]

Possible partnerships


In September 2010, the British and Brazilian governments reached a defence agreement, including the potential sale of five or six Global Combat Ships to the Brazilian Navy.[59] The following month, BAE Systems formally made a detailed proposal to the Brazilian Navy, for a package including the Global Combat Ship as well as variants of the Wave-class tanker and River-class patrol vessel.[60]


The Global Combat Ship is designed with modularity and flexibility in mind to enhance versatility across the full range of operations, including maritime security, counter piracy, counter terrorist and humanitarian and disaster relief operations. The adaptable design will facilitate through-life support, ensuring upgrades can easily be undertaken as technology develops.[9] As of 2017, BAE Systems' website suggests a displacement of 6,900 tonnes, a length of 149.9 m (492 ft) a beam of 20.8 m (68 ft) and a top speed in excess of 26 knots (48 km/h). The Global Combat Ship will have a core crew of 118 with room for a total of 208.[9] The Global Combat Ship is designed for up to 60 days' endurance and a range of approximately 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km).[9] Located at the stern are facilities allowing for the deployment of rigid-hulled inflatable boats, unmanned surface vehicles or a towed array sonar.[61] A large Integrated Mission Bay and hangar is located amidship, enabling a variety of missions and associated equipment.[9] Aircraft similar in size to the Boeing Chinook can be flown off the large flight deck, and the hangar can accommodate up to two helicopters the size of a AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat or AgustaWestland Merlin.[62] The hangar also has space to accommodate Unmanned aerial vehicles.

The Royal Navy's version of the Global Combat Ship is referred to as the Type 26 frigate. This variant will be equipped with the Type 997 Artisan 3D search radar and Sea Ceptor (CAMM) air-defence missiles launched via 48 vertical launching system (VLS) canisters. Additional 24-cell Mark 41 "strike-length VLS" cells is positioned forward of the bridge which are capable of firing missiles such as the Tomahawk land-attack cruise missile, anti-submarine rockets, a future anti-ship missile, or quad packed Sea Ceptor missiles.[16][63][12] Like the Type 23 frigate it will replace, the Global Combat Ship will have an acoustically quiet hull for anti-submarine warfare and fitted with a Ultra Electronics Type 2150 next generation bow sonar and a powerful Sonar 2087 towed array.[64] The Global Combat Ship will also be fitted with guns of various calibres. Instead of the RN's current 4.5 inch Mark 8 naval gun, the Global Combat Ship will be equipped with a NATO-standard BAE 5 inch, 62-calibre Mark 45 naval gun. Smaller guns include two Phalanx CIWS, two 30mm DS30M Mark 2 Automated Small Calibre Guns and a number of miniguns and general-purpose machine guns.[65]

The propulsion system of the RN ships will have a gas turbine direct drive and four high speed diesel generators driving two electric motors in a combined diesel-electric or gas (CODLOG) configuration.[12][66] In 2012 Rolls Royce repackaged the MT30 used in the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers so that it would fit into smaller ships.[67] The MT30 will be used in the Type 26.[68] BAE Systems have suggested that some customers will install gas turbine engines and others will prefer to sacrifice 2–3 knots of speed by choosing cheaper diesel engines.[37] The CODLOG configuration for propulsion is a simpler version of the Combined diesel-electric and gas (CODLAG) propulsion used on the Type 23 which this ship is to replace, and both of the Global Combat Ship's design contemporaries – the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier and the Type 45 destroyer – use integrated electric propulsion (IEP).


The first steel for the first three of eight Royal Navy ships was cut on 20 July 2017.[25] BAE Systems announced the award of the Type 26's first seven equipment manufacturing contracts in July 2015, these worth in excess of £170 million. Contracts were awarded to Babcock International for the ship’s air weapons handling system; David Brown Gear Systems Ltd for the propulsion gearbox and the test facility; GE Power Conversion for the electric propulsion motor and drive system and testing facility; Raytheon Anschütz for the integrated navigation and bridge system including customer-specific design and development, a land-based integration facility, and a wide range of services; Rolls Royce Power Engineering for the gas turbine; Rohde & Schwarz UK Ltd for the communications systems; WR Davis of Canada for the uptakes and downtakes of the ship's funnel and exhaust system.[69][70]

In December 2016, BAE Systems announced the award of six additional Type 26 equipment manufacturing contracts with Detegase of Spain for sewage and water treatment, Salt Separation Services for desalination equipment, Johnson Controls for chilled water plants, Marine Systems Technology Ltd for gas-, weather-, and water-tight doors, hatches, and Rolls Royce for stabilisers and steering components. Also awarded a contract was Pellegrini Marine Equipments of Italy. These awards brought to £380 million the total investment in the supply chain for the Type 26.[71]

According to Gary McCloskey, head of Type 26 supply chain at BAE Systems, by March 2017 between 40 and 50 suppliers were engaged in the Type 26 programme, and about 33 had full contracts.[72]

On 5 April 2017 Raytheon Anschütz announced successful integration of Warship Electronic Chart Display Information System (WECDIS) into their Integrated Navigation and Bridge Systems (INBS) for the Type 26.[73]

In July 2017 BAE Systems stated that the Type 26 programme currently employs more than 1,200 people in the UK supply chain, and in the future the programme would secure more than 3,400 jobs across BAE Systems and the wider UK maritime supply chain.[3] It was also stated in July 2017, that coinciding with the announcement of additional contracts, total investment in the Type 26 supply chain had reached £500 million. The 14 companies awarded contracts in the July announcement include Babcock for the helicopter landing grid, MSI Defence Systems for the small caliber gun, and Thales for the towed array system. The largest of the July-announced contracts are for the procurement of structural steel for the first three ships from UK and European steel mills by Dent Steel Services Ltd.[74]

Ships of the class

The original planning assumption for the Royal Navy was for thirteen Global Combat Ships (eight ASW and five GP), replacing the Type 23 frigate fleet like-for-like.[75][76] However, as a result of the November 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review it was decided that only the eight anti-submarine warfare Type 26 frigates would be ordered. The funding for the remaining five general purpose Type 26 frigates is instead to be spent on developing a new class of lighter and more affordable general purpose frigates (GPFF).[77] Due to an expected lower cost, the government suggested it may allow an eventual increase in the total number of frigates in the Royal Navy.[77] This general purpose frigate will be designated as the Type 31e frigate.[78] In July 2016, BAE revealed two general purpose frigate designs to meet the requirement; the Avenger class and the Cutlass class.[79]

Naming the ships

During 2014, a campaign emerged to name one of the ships HMS Plymouth, although Royal Navy ship names are formed via the Ships' Names and Badges Committee.[80] In July 2017, construction of the first ship began in Govan; at the same time as work on the ship was started, it was announced that it would be named HMS Glasgow.[8] The second named unit (although planned as the third ship of Batch 1) was announced as HMS Belfast in September 2017. The Second World War era light cruiser HMS Belfast (C35), currently a museum ship owned and operated by the Imperial War Museum, will be renamed as "HMS Belfast (1938)" to avoid confusion.[81][82] In March 2018 the First Sea Lord announced that the second ship of the class would be HMS Cardiff.[83] In September 2018 it was announced that the first of the planned five Batch 2 ships would be HMS Birmingham.[84] In November 2018, subsequent Batch 2 ships were announced as HMS Sheffield,[85] HMS Newcastle,[85] HMS Edinburgh[86] and HMS London.[87][88] Of the eight names, six were previously used as names of Type 42 destroyers, while the previous HMS London and HMS Sheffield were Type 22 frigates.

List of ships

Name Pennant No. Builder Ordered Laid down Named Commissioned Status
Royal Navy - Type 26 (Batch 1)
Glasgow BAE Systems, Glasgow 2 July 2017 20 July 2017 Under construction
Cardiff 14 August 2019 Under construction
Belfast Ordered
Royal Navy - Type 26 (Batch 2)
Birmingham BAE Systems, Glasgow Announced
Sheffield Announced
Newcastle Announced
Edinburgh Announced
London Announced
Royal Australian Navy - Hunter class
Hunter BAE Systems, Osborne 30 June 2018 Ordered
Flinders Ordered
Tasman Ordered

Similar ships

See also


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  82. ^ "Defence Secretary names new warship HMS Belfast in Northern Ireland". Royal Navy. 27 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  83. ^ "First Sea Lord announces HMS Cardiff on Twitter". 1 March 2018.
  84. ^ "UK set for new Birmingham warship and will keep amphibious assault ships, Defence Secretary announces". 30 September 2018.
  85. ^ a b "New warship to be named HMS Sheffield". BBC. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  86. ^ "Last Type 26 To Be Named Announced As HMS Edinburgh". Forces.net. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  87. ^ "PM speech to the Lord Mayor's Banquet: 12 November 2018". gov.uk. 12 November 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  88. ^ "Navy's Eighth Type 26 Frigate Formally Named". Forces Network. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2018.

External links

4.5-inch Mark 8 naval gun

The 4.5 inch Mark 8 is a British naval gun system which currently equips the Royal Navy's destroyers and frigates, and some British destroyers and frigates sold to other countries.

5"/54 caliber Mark 45 gun

The 5-inch/54 caliber (Mk 45) lightweight gun is a U.S. naval artillery gun mount consisting of a 127 mm (5 in) L54 Mark 19 gun on the Mark 45 mount. Originally designed and built by United Defense, it is now manufactured by BAE Systems Land & Armaments after the former was acquired.

The latest 5-inch/62 caliber version consists of a longer barrel L62 Mark 36 gun fitted on the same Mark 45 mount. The gun is designed for use against surface warships, anti-aircraft and shore bombardment to support amphibious operations. The gun mount features an automatic loader with a capacity of 20 rounds. These can be fired under full automatic control, taking a little over a minute to exhaust those rounds at maximum fire rate. For sustained use, the gun mount would be occupied by a six-man crew (gun captain, panel operator, and four ammunition loaders) below deck to keep the gun continuously supplied with ammunition.

BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships

BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships is a wholly owned subsidiary company of BAE Systems plc, specialising in naval surface shipbuilding and combat systems integration. One of three divisions of BAE Systems Maritime, along with BAE Systems Maritime – Submarines and BAE Systems Maritime – Maritime Services, it is the largest shipbuilding company in the United Kingdom, one of the largest shipbuilders in Europe, and one of the world's largest builders of complex warships.It was originally formed as a joint stock subsidiary on 1 July 2008, with the merger of BAE Systems Surface Fleet Solutions and VT Shipbuilding, creating a new firm named BVT Surface Fleet. The new firm incorporated the BAE Systems Surface Fleet Solutions operated shipyards at Scotstoun and Govan on the River Clyde in Glasgow and the VT Shipbuilding facilities within the Naval Base at Portsmouth.

BAE Systems subsequently acquired VT Group's share of the joint venture on 30 October 2009 and renamed the business BAE Systems Surface Ships Ltd.

On 1 January 2011, BAE Systems Surface Ships was operationally integrated with BAE Systems Submarine Solutions to form BAE Systems Maritime. On 1 January 2012, BAE Systems Surface Ships was formally restructured and rebranded as BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships and BAE Systems Maritime – Maritime Services, the former incorporating the shipbuilding operations and combat systems development and the latter in-service support.

Canadian Surface Combatant

The Canadian Surface Combatant, formerly the Single Class Surface Combatant Project is the name given to the procurement project that will replace the Iroquois and Halifax-class warships with up to 15 new ships beginning in the early 2020s as part of the National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy.The replacement vessels will be somewhat larger than the existing Halifax class, and presumably provide a wide-area air defence capability, anti-submarine warfare capability, as well as anti-shipping capability. The design of these ships is currently underway and both the total number of ships and their capability will be dependent on the budget that is allocated to the project. The Liberal government, elected in October 2015, is undertaking a defence policy review which will include addressing these issues.

By December 2017, the three submitted proposals were:

British Type 26 frigate design proposed by Lockheed Martin Canada and BAE Systems

Dutch De Zeven Provinciën-class frigate-based design proposed by Alion Canada and Damen Group

Spanish F-105 frigate design offered by Navantia.On 19 October 2018, it was announced that the Type 26 was the "preferred design" and the government "will now enter into negotiations with the winning bidder to confirm it can deliver everything promised in the complex proposal." However, after litigation by one of the failed bids, Alion Canada, was announced in November 2018, the government was ordered to postpone any discussion of contracts until the investigation by the Canadian International Trade Tribunal was complete. Despite the legal challenge, the Canadian government announced they had signed the $60 billion contract with the winning bidders on 8 February 2019.

Combined diesel-electric and gas

Combined diesel-electric and gas (CODLAG) is a modification of the combined diesel and gas propulsion system for ships. A variant, called the combined diesel-electric or gas (CODLOG) system, contains the same basic elements but will not allow simultaneous use of the alternative drive sources.A CODLAG system employs electric motors which are connected to the propeller shafts (usually 2). The motors are powered by diesel generators. For higher speeds, a gas turbine powers the shafts via a cross-connecting gearbox; for cruise speed, the drive train of the turbine is disengaged with clutches.

This arrangement combines the diesel engines used for propulsion and for electric power generation, greatly reducing service cost, since it reduces the number of different diesel engines and electric motors, requiring considerably less maintenance. Also, electric motors work efficiently over a wide range of revolutions and can be connected directly to the propeller shaft so that simpler gearboxes can be used to combine the mechanical output of turbine and diesel-electric systems.

Another advantage of the diesel-electric transmission is that without the need of a mechanical connection, the diesel generators can be decoupled acoustically from the hull of the ship, making it less noisy. This has been used extensively by military submarines but surface naval vessels like anti-submarine vessels will benefit as well.

HMS Birmingham

Four ships of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Birmingham, after the city of Birmingham in England.

The first HMS Birmingham (1913) was a 1910 Town-class light cruiser launched in 1913 and sold in 1931.

The second HMS Birmingham (C19) was a 1936 Town-class light cruiser launched in 1936 and broken up in 1960.

The third HMS Birmingham (D86) was a Type 42 destroyer in service from 1976 to 1999.

The fourth HMS Birmingham will be a Type 26 frigate.

HMS Cardiff

Four ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Cardiff, after the Welsh capital city, Cardiff:

HMS Cardiff (1652) was a 34-gun ship, previously the Dutch ship Fortune. She was captured in 1652 by HMS Tiger (1647) and was sold in 1658.

HMS Cardiff (D58) was a C-class light cruiser launched in 1917 and broken up in 1946.

HMS Cardiff (D108) was a Type 42 (Batch 1) destroyer launched in 1974. She was involved in the Falklands and Gulf Wars and participated in the buildup to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. She was decommissioned in 2005, and sold for scrap.

HMS Cardiff will be a Type 26 frigate.The ships' motto is "Agris in cardine rerum" which translates as "Keen in emergency".

HMS Glasgow

Nine ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Glasgow after the Scottish city of Glasgow:

The first HMS Glasgow (1707) was a 20-gun sixth rate, previously the Scottish ship Royal Mary. She was transferred to the Royal Navy in 1707 and was sold in 1719.

The second HMS Glasgow (1745) was a 24-gun sixth rate launched in 1745 and sold in 1756.

The third HMS Glasgow (1757) was a 20-gun sixth rate launched in 1757 and accidentally burnt in 1779.

The fourth HMS Glasgow (1814) was a 40-gun fifth-rate Endymion-class frigate launched in 1814 and broken up by 1829.

The fifth HMS Glasgow (1861) was a wooden screw frigate launched in 1861 and sold in 1884.

The sixth HMS Glasgow (1909) was a Town-class light cruiser launched in 1909 and sold in 1927.

The seventh HMS Glasgow (C21) was a Town-class light cruiser launched in 1936 and scrapped in 1958.

The eighth HMS Glasgow (D88) was a Type 42 destroyer launched in 1976. She was decommissioned in 2005 and scrapped in 2009.

The ninth HMS Glasgow (Type 26 frigate) is currently under construction and will be the lead ship of the Royal Navy's Type 26 frigates.

HMS Glasgow (Type 26 frigate)

HMS Glasgow is the first Type 26 frigate to be built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The Type 26 class will partially replace the navy's thirteen Type 23 frigates, and will be a multi-mission warship designed to support anti-submarine warfare, air defence and general purpose operations.The ship is being assembled on the River Clyde in Glasgow. The first steel was cut for Glasgow in July 2017 with the ship expected to be delivered in 2023. In January 2018, the first hull section was completed and work started on the second hull section.

HMS Newcastle

Eight ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Newcastle, after the English city of Newcastle upon Tyne:

HMS Newcastle (1653) was a 50-gun fourth-rate ship launched in 1653. She was rebuilt in 1692 and wrecked in 1703.

HMS Newcastle (1704) was a 54-gun fourth rate launched in 1704, rebuilt in 1733 and broken up in 1746.

HMS Newcastle (1750) was a 50-gun fourth rate launched in 1750. She foundered in a storm in 1761.

HMS Newcastle (1813) was a 60-gun fourth rate launched 1813. She was converted to harbour service in 1824 and was sold in 1850.

HMS Newcastle (1860) was a screw frigate launched in 1860. She was converted into a powder hulk in 1889 and was sold in 1929.

HMS Newcastle (1909) was a Town-class light cruiser launched in 1909 and sold in 1921, being broken up in 1923.

HMS Newcastle (C76) was a Town-class light cruiser launched in 1937. She was laid down as HMS Minotaur, but was renamed in 1936. She was broken up in 1958.

HMS Newcastle (D87) was a Type 42 (Batch 1) destroyer launched in 1975 and decommissioned in 2005 and placed into inactive reserve. She was sold for scrap in 2008.

HMS Newcastle will be a Type 26 frigate.

HMS Sheffield

Three Royal Navy warships have been named HMS Sheffield after the city and county borough of Sheffield, South Yorkshire.

HMS Sheffield (C24) (1936) – a Town-class light cruiser which saw service in World War II from the Arctic Circle and the Atlantic to the Mediterranean. She was one of the Royal Navy pursuit ships that tracked down the German battleship Bismarck. She was sold and scrapped in 1967.

HMS Sheffield (D80) (1971) – a Type 42 destroyer badly damaged by the Argentinian air forces on 4 May 1982 during the Falklands War. While being towed towards South Georgia Island, she sank in heavy seas.

HMS Sheffield (F96) (1986) – a Type 22 frigate sold to the Chilean Navy in 2003 and renamed Almirante Williams.

HMS Sheffield will be a Type 26 frigate.All three of these warships have carried many fixtures and fittings manufactured in Sheffield itself, including a great number of stainless steel items, leading to the nickname that has been applied to all of them: the "Shiny Sheff".

Hunter-class frigate

The Hunter-class frigate is a future class of frigates for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) to replace the Anzac-class. Construction is expected to begin in 2020, with the first of nine vessels to enter service in the late 2020s. The Program is expected to cost AU$35 billion and a request for tender was released in March 2017 to three contenders: Navantia, Fincantieri, and BAE Systems as part of a competitive evaluation process.The genesis of the Future Frigate Program came in 2009, when the Rudd Government’s Defence White Paper signalled Australia’s intent to "acquire a fleet of eight new Future Frigates, which will be larger than the Anzac-class vessels" with a focus on anti-submarine warfare. With an initial tender expected in 2019–20, in 2014 the Abbott Government announced that work had been brought forward, funding a preliminary design study focussed on integrating a CEAFAR Radar and Saab combat system on the hull of the Hobart-class destroyer.

Following a report by the RAND Corporation into options for Australia’s naval shipbuilding industry, the Government announced an $89 billion naval shipbuilding plan. This plan brought the schedule of the Future Frigate Program forward by three years and announced a "continuous onshore build program to commence in 2020" in South Australia. A competitive evaluation process was announced in April 2016, with Navantia, Fincantieri, and BAE Systems revealed as the contenders to design the ships.

In June 2018, the BAE Systems Type 26 was selected as the winner.

List of ships named HMS Belfast

Two ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Belfast after the capital city of Northern Ireland:

The first HMS Belfast is a Town-class light cruiser launched in 1938 preserved as a museum ship in London.

The second HMS Belfast will be the third planned Type 26 frigate.

Rolls-Royce MT30

The Rolls-Royce MT30 (Marine Turbine) is a marine gas turbine engine based on Rolls-Royce Trent 800 aero engine. The MT30 retains 80% commonality with the Trent 800, the engine for the Boeing 777. The maximum power rating is 40 MW and minimum efficient power 25MW.Rolls-Royce announced the MT30 programming on September 11, 2001. The first run of the engine was on September 6, 2002. In early 2003 the MT30 was selected to power the Royal Navy future aircraft carriers (CVFs) and the demonstrator of the US Navy's DD(X) multi-mission destroyer. In June 2004 Lockheed Martin awarded the engine contract to the MT30 for its Littoral combat ship design.

In 2012 the company repackaged the MT30 so that it would fit into smaller ships, and their first such order came from South Korea, for their Daegu-class frigates.


T26 may refer to:

T26 (trimaran), a late 1940s or early 1950 trimaran sailboat designed by Victor Tchetchet

T-26 tank, a 1931 Soviet Union light infantry tank

T-26 Garand, a prototype for a shortened M1 Garand rifle, also called tanker Garand

GER Class T26, an 1891 class of 2-4-0 steam tender locomotives

Junkers T 26, from Junkers aircraft

German torpedo boat T26, a German warship of World War II, whose crew was rescued by Irish MV Kerlogue ship

Slingsby T.26 Kite 2, a British glider from Slingsby Aviation

Talbot-Lago T26, a car from Talbot-Lago

T26, an early designation of the U.S. M26 Pershing tank

Type 26 frigate, a future vessel class of the Royal Navy

Type 23 frigate

The Type 23 frigate or Duke class is a class of frigates built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The ships are named after British Dukes, thus leading to the class being commonly known as the Duke class. The first Type 23, HMS Norfolk, was commissioned in 1989, and the sixteenth, HMS St Albans was commissioned in June 2002. They form the core of the Royal Navy's destroyer and frigate fleet and serve alongside the Type 45 destroyers. Originally designed for anti-submarine warfare in the North Atlantic, the Royal Navy's Type 23 frigates have proven their versatility in warfighting, peacekeeping and maritime security operations around the globe. Thirteen Type 23 frigates remain in service with the Royal Navy, with three vessels having been sold to the Chilean Navy.

The Royal Navy's current Type 23 frigates will be replaced by the Type 26 Global Combat Ship starting from 2023, and later the proposed Type 31e frigate. As of 2012 it is planned that HMS St Albans will be the last to retire from the Royal Navy, in 2036.

Type 31 frigate

The Type 31 frigate, also known as the Type 31e frigate or General Purpose Frigate (GPFF), is a planned class of frigate for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy intended to enter service in the 2020s alongside the more capable Type 26 frigate.It is intended that the Type 31 frigate will replace some of the Type 23 frigates. The Type 31 is part of the government's "National Shipbuilding Strategy".

Type 45 destroyer

The Type 45 destroyer, also known as the D or Daring class, is a class of six guided missile destroyers built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The class is primarily designed for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare and is built around the PAAMS (Sea Viper) air-defence system utilizing the SAMPSON AESA and the S1850M long-range radars. The first three destroyers were assembled by BAE Systems Surface Fleet Solutions from partially prefabricated "blocks" built at different shipyards, the remaining three were built by BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships. The first ship in the Daring class, HMS Daring, was launched on 1 February 2006 and commissioned on 23 July 2009.The Type 45 destroyers were built to replace the Type 42 (Sheffield class) destroyers that had served during the Falklands War, with the last Type 42 being decommissioned in 2013. The National Audit Office reported that, during an "intensive attack", a single Type 45 could simultaneously track, engage and destroy more targets than five Type 42 destroyers operating together. After the launch of Daring on 1 February 2006 Admiral Sir Alan West, a former First Sea Lord, stated that it would be the Royal Navy's most capable destroyer ever, as well as the world's best air-defence ship. The reduction in the number to be procured from twelve, then to (up to) eight, finally with only six confirmed (in 2008) was controversial.Another controversy arose when it was revealed that due to a design flaw on the Northrop Grumman intercooler which, when attached to the Rolls-Royce WR-21 gas turbines and functioning in the warm climate of the Persian Gulf power availability was diminished considerably, and it quickly became apparent that the class was not operating as originally envisioned. A refit will take place from 2019-21 to fully resolve the problems with the six ships in the class.

Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate

The Álvaro de Bazán class (also known as the F100 class of frigates) are a class of Aegis combat system-equipped air defence frigates in service with the Spanish Navy. The vessels were built by Spanish shipbuilder Navantia in Ferrol, with the class named for Admiral Álvaro de Bazán. In February 2018, it was announced that a design based on the class was selected as one of five finalists for the U.S. Navy's FFG(X) program.

The ships are fitted with American Aegis weapons technology allowing them to track hundreds of airborne targets simultaneously as part of its air defence network. The F100 Álvaro de Bazán-class multi-role frigates are one of the few non-US warships to carry the Aegis Combat System and its associated AN/SPY-1 radar. Japan's Kongō class, South Korea's Sejong the Great class, the F100-derived Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen class of frigates also use the Aegis system.

The class are also the basis of the Australian Hobart-class destroyer (previously known as the "Air Warfare Destroyer"). The Australian government announced in June 2007 that, in partnership with Navantia, three F100 vessels will be built for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) with the first due for delivery in 2014 ,however this was delayed until 2017 when lead ship HMAS Hobart was commisioned. She was joined in late 2018 by sister ship, HMAS Brisbane. This will be followed by HMAS Sydney in late 2019.

The Australian Government also confirmed in April 2016 that a modified F100 class was one of three vessels shortlisted to replace the Anzac-class frigates currently in service with the RAN. As of December 2017, it is one of three submitted proposals for Canada's Single Class Surface Combatant Project program.In both cases the Type 26 frigate won the competition.

The Álvaro de Bazán-class frigates are the first modern vessels of the Spanish Navy to incorporate ballistic resistant steel in the hull, along with the power plants being mounted on anti-vibration mounts to reduce noise and make them less detectable by submarines. The original contract for four ships was worth €1,683m but they ended up costing €1,810m. As of 2010 it was estimated that the final vessel, F-105 would cost €834m (~US$1.1bn).


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