Type 052 destroyer

The Type 052 Luhu-class is one of the first modern multi-role guided missile destroyers built by China. There are currently two units in active service with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. It was succeeded by the Type 051B.[1]

Chinese destroyer HARIBING (DDG 112)
DDG 112 Harbin
Class overview
Builders: Jiangnan Shipyard
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 051
Succeeded by: Type 051B
In service: May 1994
Completed: 2
Active: 2
General characteristics
Displacement: 4,800 tons
Length: 144 m
Beam: 16 m
Draught: 5.1 m
Propulsion:
  • General Electric LM2500 gas turbines CODOG
  • 55,000 shp
Speed: 31 knots
Range: 5,000 miles
Complement: 260
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
2 × Type 726-4 122mm 24-tube decoy launchers installed on both sides of the forward bridge (After 2011 upgrade)
Armament:
  • 4 × 4 YJ-83 (C-803) anti-ship missiles
  • 1 × 8-cell HQ-7 SAM (8+16 rounds)
  • 1 × Type H/PJ33A dual 100 mm/56 dual purpose gun
  • 2 × Triple Yu-7 torpedo tubes
  • After the latest system upgrade in mid-2011:
  • 2 × H/PJ12 (Type 730) 7-barrel 30 mm CIWS replaced 4 × Type H/PJ76A dual 37 mm AA guns
  • 2 × Type 87 6-tube ASW rocket launchers replaced 2 × Type 75 12-tube ASW rocket launchers
Aircraft carried: 2 helicopters: Harbin Z-9 or Kamov Ka-27
Aviation facilities:
  • Single helicopter landing platform
  • Two helicopter hangar
  • Helicopter landing system
People's Liberation Army Navy LUHU Destroyer, Harbin (DDG112)
People's Liberation Army Navy LUHU Destroyer, Harbin (112)

History

Designed by the China Warship Design Institute (formerly the Seventh Academy of the Ministry of National Defense), both ships were built at Jiangnan Shipyard - No. 112 Harbin was the first Luhu destroyer followed by No. 113 Qingdao. The chief designer was academician Mr. Pan Jingfu (潘镜芙). The class is said to be the first indigenous Chinese warship design approaching modern standards, a significant improvement over the earlier Luda class. The Luhu class made extensive use of foreign technologies that were accessible to the PRC prior to the Tiananmen Square incident of 1989. These included French-made radars and fire-control systems and the General Electric LM2500 gas turbine engines from the US, two of which power each ship. The Type 052 became the first Chinese destroyer design to use gas turbine engines, and also the first equipped with an integrated combat system.[2]

Even with incorporation of Western technology, the chronic lack of adequate shipborne air defense systems has had great impact on PLAN operations. Equipped with a small number of surface-to-air missiles with visual-range only and guns with limited range and performance, Chinese warships have historically limited their operations to the area covered by their land-based aircraft due to a lack of fleet defense capability. To rectify this trend, the Luhu destroyers (and the smaller Jiangwei class frigate) were fitted with the HQ-7 SAM that gives them much better air defense capability than other previous Chinese designs, although they are still limited to within visual range (WVR).

The HQ-7 SAM system is reported to be equipped with 8 ready to fire missiles, plus 16 stored in a semi-automatic reloader system. The same system is also used on the upgraded 051G Luda Destroyer.

In spite of the advances, the 052 Luhu-class destroyers still suffer in some areas such as electronic warfare and electronic counter-measures.

The operational capability of the Luhu-class destroyers has been called into question by naval analysts. Ship visits in 1997 allowed US Naval officers to board and inspect Luhu Destroyer No. 112 Harbin and to take numerous photographs. Analysis of these photographs and reports by officers present strongly suggested that the Luhu destroyers were mainly intended as technology demonstration vessels rather than serious naval combatants. For example, the large amount of foreign-supplied equipment onboard was still labeled in the language of the country of origin; this was also the case with most of the onboard manuals and other documentation, calling into question the ability of the crew to operate efficiently under stressful circumstances when called upon to deal with equipment labeled in English, French, or Italian, as well as Chinese. Furthermore, the various European systems installed were not originally designed to operate together and as a result were not well integrated - a problem the Chinese could not overcome owing to their lack of familiarity with the underlying technology. The Chinese attempted to address these problems with the introduction of an improved Luhu design, the Luhai-class. This follow-on, essentially an enlarged Luhu, features some improved electronics from foreign suppliers as well as more advanced weapons. However, in some cases, the designers appear to have opted for less capable indigenous designs to ease the system integration issues suffered by the Luhu-class destroyers. The PLAN was reportedly unhappy with the design of the Luhai-class destroyers and production ceased after a single unit was completed.

According to Chinese media and internet sources, the Luhu-class is mainly used as a technological demonstrator to compare and evaluate different foreign systems, and the two ships initially did not have identical equipment. The first unit had a licensed production of Raytheon AN/SQS-56 sonar, the Italian DE-1164 integrated sonar system, which consists of DE-1160 hull mounted sonar (HMS) and DE-1163 variable depth sonar (VDS), and these were later replaced by domestic copy, SJD-7 sonar system. The second unit had French Thomson-CSF DUBV 23/43 HMS/VDS, which were subsequently replaced by domestic copy SJD-9 sonar system. the combat data systems for the first unit was ZKJ-3 (ZKJ-III), a Chinese equivalent of the Italian IPN-10 combat data system. ZKJ-3 is developed from the export version of IPN-10, SADOC 2, (SADOC = systema dirizione della Operazioni di combattimento). SADOC 2 was sold to China in 1985 and it differs from IPN-10 in that it lacks the data link the latter has. Incorporation of a domestic data link is the main improvement of Chinese ZKJ-3, making it the Chinese equivalent of IPN-10. The combat data system of the second unit is ZKJ-4, which is the Chinese version of French Thomson-CSF TAVITAC combat data system, two of which were sold to China in 1985 and delivered 2–3 years later. These combat data systems were later replaced by more advanced follow-on equipment such as ZKJ-4A/B series during upgrades. Experience gained in handling these foreign systems has helped subsequent development of similar Chinese systems.

2011 Upgrade

CNS Qingdao (DDG-113)
CNS Qingdao (113)

Both of the Type 052 destroyers were upgraded in 2011. The four Type 76A guns were replaced by two Type 730 CIWS on top of the helicopter hangar. The Crotale/HHQ-7 short-range SAM may have been replaced by the newer model (FM-90?) which provides better interception against sea-skimming AShMs. Two Type 726-4 decoy launchers were installed on the sides of the forward bridge for better self-protection. Various onboard systems were integrated together (to a certain degree) by a Thomson-CSF TAVITAC combat data system which is thought to have been replaced by a new indigenous C3I system (ZJK-4B or a newer model). The Thomson-CSF Sea Tiger air/surface search radar was first replaced by an indigenous Type 518 Hai Ying radar and is now replaced by a Type 517M long-range air search radar. The Type 362 air/surface radar installed on top of the aft mast has been replaced by a Type 364. A pair of SATCOM antennas has been installed on top of the helicopter hangar as well.

Operational history

On 27 February 2012, Qingdao, along with the Type 054A frigate Yantai and the comprehensive supply ship Weishanhu, formed the 11th Chinese naval escort flotilla which departed from the city of Qingdao to conduct anti-piracy and escort missions in the Gulf of Aden and Somali waters.[3] On 16 February 2013, Harbin, along with the Type 053H3 frigate Mianyang and the comprehensive supply ship Weishanhu formed the 14th Chinese naval escort flotilla which departed from the city of Qingdao to conduct anti-piracy and escort missions in the Gulf of Aden and Somali waters.

In October 2013, Qingdao participated in the International Fleet Review 2013 in Sydney, Australia.[4]

Ships of Class

Number Pennant number Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
1 112 哈尔滨 / Harbin Jiangnan 28 August 1991 8 May 1994 North Sea Fleet Active
2 113 青岛 / Qingdao Jiangnan 18 October 1993 28 May 1996 North Sea Fleet Active

Gallery

Defense.gov News Photo 970309-N-9815L-005

Harbin (DDG 112) before the 2011 upgrade

US Navy 060906-N-4856G-021 The Chinese Navy destroyer Qingdao (DDG 113) transit through the Pearl Harbor channel while being escorted by a harbor patrol boat as it arrives for a routine port visit

Luhu Destroyer Qingdao on a visit to Pearl Harbor

Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - 20 Years of Cooperation with the Chinese Navy (5)

Qingdao (DDG 113) after the 2011 upgrade

Specifications (second-refit only)

RAN-IFR 2013 D2 34
YJ-83
RAN-IFR 2013 D3 176
HQ-7 & PJ33A
    • 4 x quad YJ-83 (C-802) AShM box launchers
    • 1 x 8-cell HQ-7 SAM with 8 ready to fire missiles + 16 spare missiles
    • 1 x Type H/PJ33A dual 100 mm/56 caliber gun
    • 2 x Type 7424 324 mm Yu-7 ASW torpedo tubes
    • Pre-2011:
      • 4 x Type H/PJ76A dual 37 mm AA guns.
      • 2 x Type 75 (RBU-1200) 240 mm 12-tube ASW rocket launchers.
    • Post-2011:
      • 2 x H/PJ12 (Type 730) 7-barrel 30 mm CIWS
      • 2 x Type 87 6-tube ASW rocket launchers
  • Electronic Warfare and Countermeasures
    • 1 x Type 984-1 ECM 'X' band jammer (transmitter)
    • 1 x Type 984-4 ECM 'X' band jammer (receiver)
    • 1 x Type 928A ESM
    • 2 x Type 946 15-barrel chaff/decoy launcher
  • Helicopter
    • 2 x Kamov Ka-27 'Helix' or Harbin Z-9C (licensed copy of the Eurocopter Dauphin)

See also

References

  1. ^ "China developing new type of destroyer with superior stealth: media."
  2. ^ "Type 052 destroyer intro and photos". AirForceWorld.com. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  3. ^ Xinhua English. "Chinese navy heads for escort mission in Gulf of Aden". Retrieved on 2012-02-28
  4. ^ "Participating Warships". International Fleet Review 2013 website. Royal Australian Navy. 2013. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2015.

External links

General Electric LM2500

The General Electric LM2500 is an industrial and marine gas turbine produced by GE Aviation. The LM2500 is a derivative of the General Electric CF6 aircraft engine.

The LM2500 is available in 3 different versions:

The LM2500 delivers 33,600 shaft horsepower (shp) (25,060 kW) with a thermal efficiency of 37 percent at ISO conditions. When coupled with an electric generator, it delivers 24 MW of electricity at 60 Hz with a thermal efficiency of 36 percent at ISO conditions.

The improved, 3rd generation, LM2500+ version of the turbine delivers 40,500 shp (30,200 kW) with a thermal efficiency of 39 percent at ISO conditions. When coupled with an electric generator, it delivers 29 MW of electricity at 60 Hz with a thermal efficiency of 38 percent at ISO conditions.

The latest, 4th generation, LM2500+G4 version was introduced in November 2005 and delivers 47,370 shp (35,320 kW) with a thermal efficiency of 39.3 percent at ISO conditions.As of 2004, the U.S. Navy and at least 29 other navies had used a total of more than one thousand LM2500/LM2500+ gas turbines to power warships. Other uses include hydrofoils, hovercraft and fast ferries.

In 2012, GE developed an FPSO version to serve the oil and gas industry's demand for a lighter, more compact version to generate electricity and drive compressors to send natural gas through pipelines.

H/ZKJ

H/ZKJ series and its derivative H/ZKT series naval systems are Chinese combat data /management systems (CDS/CMS) installed onboard Chinese surface combatants of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), and they are usually referred as ZKJ and ZKT for short. The designation is an abbreviation of Pinyin: H for Haijun (海军, meaning naval in Chinese), Z for Zhihui (指挥, meaning command in Chinese), and K for Kongzhi (控制, meaning control in Chinese), J for Jian (舰, meaning ship in Chinese) and T for Ting (艇, meaning boat in Chinese).

HQ-7

The HQ-7 (FM-80) (Chinese: 红旗; pinyin: hóng qí, "red flag" or "red banner") is a Chinese short-range air defense missile. It is an unlicensed, reverse-engineered copy of the French Crotale missile. The missile is deployed on both ships and land-based vehicles. China revealed the export version, FM-80, in the 1989 Dubai Air Show. Unit cost is around $162,000 per launcher and $24,500 per missile.

Index of World War II articles (T)

T-26

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T-28

T-34 variants

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The Unknown Soldier (1955 film)

The Unknown Soldier (1985 film)

The Unknown Soldier (novel)

The Unlikely Spy

The Valour and the Horror

The VFL during the World Wars

The Vichy 80

The Victors (film)

The Virgin and Child with St. Anne

The Wackiest Ship in the Army (TV series)

The Wages of Destruction

The War (documentary)

The War Against the Jews

The War Against the West

The War Illustrated

The War Lover

The Way Ahead

The Way to the Stars

The Wedding at Cana

The Wehrmacht War Crimes Bureau, 1939-1945

The White Hotel

The Wild Blue: The Novel of the U.S. Air Force

The Wild Blue

The Willing Flesh

The Winds of War

The Witness (short film)

The Wolf's Hour

The Women of Algiers

The Wooden Horse

The World at Night

The World at War (film)

The World at War

The world wonders

The Year of the Quiet Sun

The Yoke's on Me

The Young Lions

Thea von Harbou

Théâtre de l'Ambigu-Comique

Théâtre de la Gaîté-Montparnasse

Théâtre de la Gaîté (rue Papin)

Théâtre de la Renaissance

Théâtre de la Ville

Théâtre des Bouffes Parisiens

Théâtre des Champs-Élysées

Théâtre des Variétés

Théâtre du Châtelet

Théâtre du Gymnase Marie Bell

Théâtre du Marais

Théâtre du Palais-Royal

Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier

Théâtre Libre

Théâtre Mogador

Theatre of War (video game)

Théâtre Optique

Theirs Is the Glory

Theo Cangelosi

Theo Osterkamp

Theodor Busse

Theodor Casella

Theodor Dannecker

Theodor Detmers

Theodor Eicke

Theodor Haubach

Theodor Korselt

Theodor Morell

Theodor Nauman

Theodor Nordmann

Theodor Oberländer

Theodor Scherer

Theodor Tolsdorff

Theodor Vahlen

Theodor von der Pfordten

Theodor von Dufving

Theodor von Hippel

Theodor Weissenberger

Theodor Wisch

Theodore E. Chandler

Theodore G. Bilbo

Théodore Gosselin

Théodore Géricault

Theodore Hall

Theodore Meighen

Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.

Theodore S. Weiss

Theodore S. Wilkinson

Theodore Schurch

Theodore Taylor (author)

Theodore "Dutch" Van Kirk

Theodore von Kármán

Theodore W. Parker

Théodule-Armand Ribot

Théophile Marie Brébant

Théophile Nata

Theophilus de Garencières

Thérèse Bonney

Therese Brandl

Theresienstadt concentration camp

Thermes de Cluny

Thermos Bomb

Therry Racon

They Stooge to Conga

They Were Expendable

They Were Not Divided

They Were Not Silent

Thielbek

Thierno Youm

Thierry Aubin

Thierry Bonalair

Thierry Jonquet

Thierry Laurey

Thierry Maulnier

Thierry Tusseau

Thies Christophersen

Thin Man nuclear bomb

Thingplatz

Things to Come

Third Air Force

Third anti-Partisan offensive

Third Army (Hungary)

Third Army (Romania)

Third Army (United Kingdom)

Third Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

Third Encirclement Campaign

Third Reich/Great Pacific War series

Third Taiwan Strait Crisis

Third United States Army

Thirteenth Air Force

Thirteenth Army (Japan)

Thirtieth Army (Japan)

Thirty-Eighth Army (Japan)

Thirty-Fifth Army (Japan)

Thirty-First Army (Japan)

Thirty-Second Army (Japan)

Thirty-Seventh Army (Japan)

Thirty-Sixth Army (Japan)

Thirty-Third Army (Japan)

Thirty Seconds over Tokyo

This Above All

This Happy Breed

This Is the Army

This Land Is Mine (film)

This was their finest hour

This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen

Thomas Allibone

Thomas Baker (soldier)

Thomas Blamey

Thomas Blatt

Thomas Brooke, 2nd Viscount Alanbrooke

Thomas Brownrigg

Thomas Buergenthal

Thomas C. Hart

Thomas C. Kinkaid

Thomas Chaloner, 2nd Baron Gisborough

Thomas Corbett, 2nd Baron Rowallan

Thomas Corneille

Thomas Couture

Thomas D. Howie

Thomas de Rossy

Thomas DeWitt Milling

Thomas Dossevi

Thomas Dugdale, 1st Baron Crathorne

Thomas E. Bourke

Thomas E. McCall

Thomas E. Watson (USMC)

Thomas Eastick

Thomas F. Breslin

Thomas Fairfax, 13th Lord Fairfax of Cameron

Thomas Farrell

Thomas Ferebee

Thomas Frank Durrant

Thomas George Lanphier, Jr.

Thomas Gray (VC)

Thomas Harold Broadbent Maufe

Thomas Hedley Reynolds

Thomas Hinman Moorer

Thomas J. Kelly (US soldier)

Thomas J. McHugh

Thomas J. Watson, Jr.

Thomas Jacomb Hutton

Thomas James Reeves

Thomas Köhler

Thomas L. Sprague

Thomas Lauder

Thomas Leigh Gatch

Thomas Levet

Thomas Lieb

Thomas Mack Wilhoite

Thomas Malcolm Layng

Thomas McGuire

Thomas Müller (SS officer)

Thomas Morrow Reavley

Thomas Patrick Gerrity

Thomas Peck Hunter

Thomas R St George

Thomas Read Kemp

Thomas Ricketts

Thomas Robb

Thomas S. Gates, Jr.

Thomas S. Moorman

Thomas S. Power

Thomas Spencer Vaughan Phillips

Thomas T. Handy

Thomas Tellefsen

Thomas Vaus

Thomas Victor Anderson

Thomas W. Fowler

Thomas W. Herren

Thomas W. Steed

Thomas W. Wigle

Thomas Walker (naval officer)

Thomas Wilkinson (Royal Naval Reserve officer)

Thomas William Gould

Thomas Wynford Rees

Thompson submachine gun

Thor Henning

Thornton Wilder

Thorsten Svensson

Thorvald Stauning

Three Alls Policy

Three Came Home

Three Continents Festival

Three Hearts and Three Lions

Three Kings (Czech antinazi resistance)

Three Russian Girls

Thule-Seminar

Thunder Afloat

Thunderbird (B-17)

Thunderbird Field

Thunderbolt!

Thurl Ravenscroft

Thurman "Fum" McGraw

Thyge Petersen

Tian Bao

Tianjin Campaign

Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation

Tiara of Saitaferne

Tibor Fazekas

Tibor Rubin

Tibor Tobak

Tiburcio Carías Andino

Ticky Holgado

Tide of Iron

Tiemoko Garan Kouyaté

Tientsin Incident (1931)

Tiergartenstraße

Tiger Force (air)

Tiger I

Tiger II

Tijani Belaid

Tikka Khan

Tillamook Airport

Tim Heywood

Tim Holt

Tim M. Babcock

Tim McCoy

Tim Valentine

Time line of the Holocaust in Norway

Timeline of the 2005 French civil unrest

Timeline of the Eastern Front of World War II

Timeline of the Manhattan Project

Timeline of the Norwegian Campaign

Timeline of the Second Battle of the Atlantic

Timeline of the Second World War

Timeline of the United Kingdom home front during World War II

Timeline of World War II (1939)

Timeline of World War II (1940)

Timeline of World War II (1941)

Timeline of World War II (1942)

Timeline of World War II (1943)

Timeline of World War II (1944)

Timeline of World War II (1945)

Timeline of World War II

Timothy Mason

Tina Aumont

Ting Chao

Tinian

Tinsel (codename)

Tinus Osendarp

Titanic (1943 film)

Titi Buengo

Tito Puente

Titus Brandsma

Tizard Mission

TKS (EST)

TKS

TM-35 mine

To End All Wars

To Have and Have Not (film)

To Hell and Back (film)

To Live in Peace

To the People of the United States

To the Shores of Iwo Jima

To the Shores of Tripoli

Tobin Wolf

Tobruk (1967 film)

Tobruk (2008 film)

Tobruk (game)

Toby Low, 1st Baron Aldington

TOG1 (tank)

TOG2 (tank)

Toini Gustafsson

Toivo Mikael Kivimäki

Toivo Tikkanen

Tokeitai

Tokio Jokio

Toku Daihatsu-class landing craft

Tokugawa Satonari

Tokugawa Yoshihiro

Tokyo Boys

Tokyo Conference

Tokyo Express

Tokyo Rose

Tolbiac (Paris Métro)

Toldi (tank)

Tolland-class attack cargo ship

Tom Brown (footballer born 1919)

Tom Colten

Tom Derrick

Tom Dowd

Tom Edwin Adlam

Tom Gehrels

Tom Gorman (umpire)

Tom Harmon

Tom Landry

Tom Lantos

Tom Metzger

Tom Murphy (U.S. politician)

Tom Pocock

Tom Poston

Tom Seeberg

Tom Stagg

Tom Steed

Tom Whittaker (footballer)

Tomasz Konarzewski

Tomasz Stankiewicz

Tomislav Ivić

Tomislav Sertić

Tomitarō Horii

Tommaso Lequio di Assaba

Tommy Bond

Tommy Hitchcock, Jr.

Tommy Kono

Tommy Lawton

Tommy Muldoon

Tommy Prince

Tomorrowland

Tomoshige Samejima

Tomoyuki Yamashita

Tone-class cruiser

Tong Linge

Tonight and Every Night

Tonopah Army Air Field

Tonowas

Tony Butkovich

Tony Canadeo

Tony Christopher, Baron Christopher

Tony Curtis

Tony Freitas

Tony Hancock

Tony Heurtebis

Tony Hillerman

Tony Peyton

Tony Priday

Tony Randall

Tony Rolt

Tony Stein

Tony Strobl

Too Late the Hero

Toon Studio (Walt Disney Studios Park)

Top Secret (B-29)

Topaz (1945 film)

Topaz War Relocation Center

Topf and Sons

Topi Mattila

Topography of Paris

Topovske Šupe

Tor Skjønsberg

Tora! Tora! Tora!

Torashirō Kawabe

Tore Blom

Tore Eriksson

Tore Keller

Torgny Segerstedt

Toropets-Kholm Operation

Torpedo boat type 35

Torpedo Run

Torpedoboot Ausland

Torres Strait Light Infantry Battalion

Torstein Raaby

Torsten Sylvan

Tortoise heavy assault tank

Tosa-class battleship

Toshinari Maeda

Toshinari Shōji

Toshio Miyazaki

Toshio Mori

Toshio Ohta

Toshio Shiratori

Toshizō Nishio

Tosia Altman

Total war

Tour Égée

Tour Adria

Tour Areva

Tour Ariane

Tour AXA

Tour CBX

Tour d'Argent

Tour Daewoo

Tour de Nesle

Tour Descartes

Tour Défense 2000

Tour EDF

Tour Europlaza

Tour France

Tour Franklin

Tour Gan

Tour Generali

Tour Granite

Tour Initiale

Tour Les Poissons

Tour Montparnasse

Tour Pleyel

Tour Sans Fins

Tour Sequoia

Tour Super-Italie

Tour T1

Tour Total

Tours Aillaud

Tours Société Générale

Tower 270

Town-class destroyer

Town of Evening Calm, Country of Cherry Blossoms

Townsend Hoopes

Toy Theatre

Toyama Maru

Toyo Mitunobu

Toyohashi Air Raid

Tracy Barnes

Trafford Leigh-Mallory

Traian Lalescu

Traian Popovici

Train of Life

Training Within Industry

Training Women for War Production

Trandumskogen

Transbaikal Front

Transcaucasian Front

Transit of German troops through Scandinavia (World War II)

Transnistria (World War II)

Transport Plan

Trasimene Line

Traudl Junge

Traugott Herr

Trawniki

Treaty battleship

Treaty Faction

Treaty of Craiova

Treaty of Paris

Treaty of peace with Italy (1947)

Treaty of San Francisco

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of Vis

Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany

Trebah

Treblinka extermination camp

Trench knife

Treuenbrietzen

Treznea massacre

Tri-City Skins

Tribhuvan of Nepal

Tricase

Tricycle (spy)

Trident laser

Trinitite

Trinity (nuclear test)

Trinité - d'Estienne d'Orves (Paris Métro)

Tripartite Pact

Triple Cross (1966)

Tristan Bernard

Tristan Tzara

Tristram Cary

Triumph of the Virtues (Mantegna)

Trocadéro (Paris Métro)

Trocadéro

Trochenbrod

Troop Train

Trose Emmett Donaldson

Trottoir roulant rapide

Trouw

Trow Ghyll skeleton

Troy A. McGill

Troy H. Middleton

Truman H. Landon

Truman Kimbro

Truman O. Olson

Truppführer

Truxtun Hare

Tryggve Gran

Trygve Bratteli

Trygve Lie

Trygve Stokstad

TS Queen Mary

Tscherim Soobzokov

Tsuboi Kōzō

Tsuguhiko Kozuka

Tsukasa Umesaki

Tsukuba-class cruiser

Tsunejirō Ishii

Tsuruta Yoshiyuki

Tsushima Maru

Tsutomi Sakuma

Tsvi C. Nussbaum

TT pistol

Tuan Le

Tubalcain Alhambra

Tudor Arghezi

Tudor Vladimirescu Division

Tuesday in November

Tuileries (Paris Métro)

Tuileries Palace

Tul Bahadur Pun

Tule Lake War Relocation Center

Tulle murders

Tulsa race riot

Tungchow Mutiny

Tunisia Campaign

Tunisian Victory

Tunku Osman Tunku Mohammad Jewa

Tupolev SB

Tupolev TB-3

Tupolev Tu-2

Turbinlite

Ture Nerman

Turkestan legion

Turney W. Leonard

Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site

Tuskegee Airmen, Inc

Tuskegee Airmen

Tuviah Friedman

Tweed New Haven Regional Airport

Twelfth Army (Japan)

Twelfth Army (United Kingdom)

Twelfth United States Army Group

Twelve O'Clock High

Twentieth Air Force

Twentieth Army (Japan)

Twentieth convoy

Twenty-Eighth Army (Japan)

Twenty-Fifth Army (Japan)

Twenty-First Air Force

Twenty-First Army (Japan)

Twenty-Ninth Army (Japan)

Twenty-Second Air Force

Twenty-Second Army (Japan)

Twenty-Seventh Army (Japan)

Twenty-Third Air Force

Twenty-Third Army (Japan)

Twenty Fourth Air Force

Two Down and One to Go

Two women (novel)

Two Women

Tykocin pogrom

Tyler Kent

Tyler Pounds Regional Airport

Type 010-class minesweeper

Type 021-class missile boat

Type 024 class missile boat

Type 025-class torpedo boat

Type 037-IG class missile boat

Type 037-II-class missile boat

Type 037-class submarine chaser

Type 039 submarine

Type 041 submarine

Type 051 destroyer

Type 051B destroyer

Type 051C destroyer

Type 052 destroyer

Type 052B destroyer

Type 052C destroyer

Type 053 frigate

Type 053H3 frigate

Type 054 frigate

Type 062-I-class gunboat

Type 062-class gunboat

Type 067 landing craft utility

Type 07

Type 071 amphibious transport dock

Type 072

Type 072II

Type 072III

Type 073 landing ship medium

Type 074 landing ship medium

Type 082-class minesweeper

Type 091 submarine

Type 092 submarine

Type 093 submarine

Type 094 submarine

Type 1 37 mm Anti-Tank Gun

Type 1 47 mm Anti-Tank Gun

Type 1 Chi-He

Type 1 Heavy Machine Gun

Type 1 Ho-Ha

Type 1 Ho-Ki

Type 10 120 mm AA Gun

Type 10 Grenade Discharger

Type 10 Grenade

Type 100 submachine gun

Type 11 37 mm Infantry Gun

Type 11 75 mm AA Gun

Type 11 Light Machine Gun

Type 14 10 cm AA Gun

Type 14 8 mm Nambu Pistol

Type 2 20 mm AA Machine Cannon

Type 2 Ho-I

Type 2 Ka-Mi

Type 2 Ke-To

Type 2 rifle grenade launcher

Type 206-class gunboat

Type 26 revolver

Type 3 12 cm AA Gun

Type 3 80 mm AA Gun

Type 3 Chi-Nu

Type 3 Heavy Machine Gun

Type 3 Ho-Ni III

Type 3 Ka-Chi

Type 30 bayonet

Type 30 rifle

Type 31 75 mm Mountain Gun

Type 312 minesweeper

Type 38 cavalry rifle

Type 38 rifle

Type 4 20 cm Rocket Launcher

Type 4 20 mm Twin AA Machine Cannon

Type 4 70 mm AT Rocket Launcher

Type 4 75 mm AA Gun

Type 4 Chi-To

Type 4 Ha-To

Type 4 Ho-Ro

Type 4 Ka-Tsu

Type 4 Ke-Nu

Type 41 75 mm Cavalry Gun

Type 41 75 mm Mountain Gun

Type 44 Cavalry Rifle

Type 45 240 mm howitzer

Type 5 15 cm AA Gun

Type 5 Chi-Ri

Type 5 Ke-Ho

Type 5 Rifle

Type 5 To-Ku

Type 730 CIWS

Type 88 75 mm AA Gun

Type 89 15 cm Cannon

Type 89 Chi-Ro

Type 89 Grenade Discharger

Type 89 I-Go

Type 89 Medium Tanks

Type 90 240 mm railway gun

Type 91 torpedo

Type 92 Battalion Gun

Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun

Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha

Type 92 torpedo

Type 93 and 100 flamethrowers

Type 93 torpedo

Type 94 37 mm Anti-Tank Gun

Type 94 75 mm Mountain Gun

Type 94 8 mm Pistol

Type 94 90 mm Infantry Mortar

Type 94 Disinfecting Vehicle and Type 94 Gas Scattering Vehicle

Type 94 tankette

Type 95 Ha-Go

Type 95 recon car

Type 95 torpedo

Type 96 15 cm Howitzer

Type 96 150 mm Infantry Mortar

Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Gun

Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover

Type 96 Light Machine Gun

Type 97 20 mm AT Rifle

Type 97 57 mm tank gun

Type 97 81 mm infantry mortar

Type 97 90 mm Infantry Mortar

Type 97 Chi-Ha

Type 97 grenade

Type 97 Light Machine Gun

Type 97 Service Dress

Type 97 ShinHoTo Chi-Ha

Type 97 Sniper Rifle

Type 97 Te-Ke

Type 97 torpedo

Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle

Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon

Type 98 20 mm AAG Tank

Type 98 Ke-Ni

Type 98 So-Da

Type 99 (camouflage)

Type 99 88 mm AA Gun

Type 99 Grenade

Type 99 Light Machine Gun

Type 99 rifle

Type I Rifle

Typex

Typhoon Cobra (1944)

Tyrone Power

Tyssem

TZ-45

Télégraphe (Paris Métro)

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships is a list of ships currently in active service with the People's Liberation Army Navy. There are approximately 496 ships listed in the tables below that constitute active ships, but this figure does not include the 232 various auxiliary vessels of the PLAN. A summary of ship types in service with the PLAN include an aircraft carrier, amphibious transport docks, landing ship tanks, landing ship medium, destroyers, frigates, corvettes, missile boats, submarine chasers, gunboats, mine countermeasures vessels, replenishment oilers and various auxiliaries. In addition, there are also nuclear and conventional submarines presently in service.

All ships and submarines currently in commission with the People's Liberation Army Navy were built in China, with the exception of the Sovremenny-class destroyers, Kilo-class submarines and the aircraft carrier Liaoning. Those vessels were either imported from, or originated from Russia or Ukraine.

The convention for naming naval ships is as follows: Aircraft carriers are named after provinces. Nuclear-powered submarines are all named Changzheng (Long March) and number. Destroyers and frigates are named after cities. Smaller anti-submarine ships are named for counties. Tank landing ships and dock landing ships carry the names of mountains. Infantry landing ships are named for rivers. Replenishment ships are named for lakes.

List of ship commissionings in 1994

The list of ship commissionings in 1994 includes a chronological list of all ships commissioned in 1994.

List of ship commissionings in 1996

The list of ship commissionings in 1996 includes a chronological list of all ships commissioned in 1996.

List of ship launches in 1991

The list of ship launches in 1991 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 1991.

List of ship launches in 1993

The list of ship launches in 1993 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 1993.

Luhu

Luhu may refer to:

Luhu, Indonesia, small town in Seram Island

Luhu language, an Austronesian language spoken in the west of Seram Island

Type 052 destroyer (Luhu class destroyer), one of the first modern multi-role guided missile destroyers built by China.

Hohhot Black Horse (Shanxi Aosen Luhu)

People's Liberation Army Navy

The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军), also known as the PLA Navy, is the naval warfare branch of the People's Liberation Army, which is the armed wing of the Communist Party of China and, by default, the national armed forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLAN can trace its lineage to naval units fighting during the Chinese Civil War and was established in September 1950. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, the Soviet Union provided assistance to the PLAN in the form of naval advisers and export of equipment and technology. Until the late 1980s, the PLAN was largely a riverine and littoral force (brown-water navy). However, by the 1990s, following the fall of the Soviet Union and a shift towards a more forward-oriented foreign and security policy, the leaders of the Chinese military were freed from worrying over land border disputes, and instead turned their attention towards the seas. This led to the development of the People's Liberation Army Navy into a green-water navy by 2009. Before the 1990s the PLAN had traditionally played a subordinate role to the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

In 2008, General Qian Lihua confirmed that China plans to operate a small fleet of aircraft carriers in the near future, but for the purpose of regional defence as opposed to "global reach". As of 2013 PLA officials have also outlined plans to operate in the first and second island chains. Chinese strategists term the development of the PLAN from a green-water navy into "a regional blue-water defensive and offensive navy."The People's Liberation Army Navy is composed of five branches; the Submarine Force, the Surface Force, the Coastal Defense Force, the Marine Corps and the Naval Air Force. With a personnel strength of 255,000 servicemen and women, including 10,000 marines and 26,000 naval air force personnel, it is the second largest navy in the world in terms of tonnage, only behind the United States Navy, and has the largest number of major combatants of any navy.

People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force

The People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force is a branch of the People's Liberation Army Navy in China. It consists of all surface warships in operational service with the PLAN. It operates 661 ships. The ships are organized into three fleets: the North Sea Fleet, the East Sea Fleet, and the South Sea Fleet. The People's Liberation Army Navy is turning away from its traditional focus on coastal and littoral warfare and instead prioritising the development of blue water capabilities. This has led to a significant reduction in fleet numbers as the PLAN has replaced a larger number of smaller ships with a smaller number of larger and more capable ships, including destroyers, frigates, corvettes, amphibious warfare ships and large auxiliary ships.

Sovremenny-class destroyer

The Sovremenny class, Soviet designation Project 956 Sarych (buzzard), is a class of anti-ship and anti-aircraft guided missile destroyers of the Soviet and later Russian Navy. The ships are named after qualities, with "Sovremenny" translating as "modern" or "contemporary". Most of the ships have been retired from active service and one converted into a museum ship in 2018, but several remain in commission with the Russian Navy. Four modified ships were delivered to the People's Liberation Army Navy, and remain in service.

The Sovremenny class were guided missile destroyers, primarily tasked with anti-ship warfare, while also providing sea and air defense for warships and transports under escort. The class was designed to complement the Udaloy-class destroyers, which were fitted primarily for anti-submarine operations.

Type 051B destroyer

The Type 051B Luhai-class is a class of destroyer built by the People's Republic of China. It consists of only one ship, DD-167 Shenzhen. When Shenzhen was commissioned into the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 1998, it was then, the largest surface combatant that China had ever built. It resembles in many ways an enlarged version of the Luhu-class destroyer, and is one of the first PLAN ships with a slope-sided hull to reduce radar signature. The 051B was succeeded by the domestic Type 052B, discounting the 4 Soviet built Sovremennyy-class destroyer China purchased in the interim.

Type 346 radar

Type 346 radar is a highly digitized, multi-function, dual-band (S and C bands) naval active phased array radar (APAR) installed on Type 052C destroyers, Type 052D destroyers, Type 055 destroyers and Type 001A aircraft carriers of the PLAN. The radar is named as the Star of the Sea (Hai-Zhi-Xing, 海之星) by its developer and it is one of the two competitors for PLAN’s SAPARS (Shipborne Active Phased Array Radar System) project/program. Due to its secrecy and lack of information, Type 346 radar has been frequently but erroneously confused with a Chinese fire control radar Type 348, and mistakenly identified as Type 348 by many sources. Furthermore, it is also frequently confused with and misidentified as Sea Lion series C-band phased array radars developed by another design house.

Several models in the Type 346 series have been developed. When Star of the Sea was selected as the winner of SAPARS and accepted into Chinese service, it received the Chinese naval designation for the entire radar system as H/LJG-346 or Type 346 for short. The NATO reporting name for Type 346 radar is Dragon Eye.

Type 52

Type 52 may refer to:

Bugatti Type 52, motor vehicle produced by the auto-maker Bugatti

Bristol Type 52 Bullfinch, an experimental British military aircraft first flown in 1922

Type 052 destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052B destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052C destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052D destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Languages

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