Type 052D destroyer

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang III-class destroyer[11]) is a class of guided missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. The Type 052D is a larger variant of the Type 052C; the Type 052D uses a canister-type, instead of revolver-type, vertical launching system (VLS)[9] and has flat-panelled active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar.[8] The new VLS is not limited to anti-air missiles, making the Type 052D China's first dedicated multi-role destroyer.[9]

Chinese media informally calls the Type 052D the Chinese Aegis, portraying it as a peer of contemporary United States Navy ships equipped with the Aegis Combat System.[13] The appearance of the Type 052D, with flat-panelled radar and canister-based VLS, has encouraged the moniker's use.[8]

PLANS Hefei (DDG-174) 20160524
Class overview
Operators: PLA Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 052C
Succeeded by: Type 055
In service: March 2014[1] – present
Building: 9 as of May 2019[2]
Active: 11 as of May 2019[2]
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons (full load)[3]
Length:
  • Initial variant: 157 m (515 ft)[3]
  • Extended flight deck variant: 161 m (528 ft)[4]
Beam: 17 m (56 ft)[3]
Draught: 6 m (20 ft)[3]
Propulsion: Combined diesel or gas
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Helicopter[4]
Aviation facilities:

Design

A variant with the flight deck extended by four metres was in production in 2018. The extended ship is likely to accommodate the Harbin Z-20 helicopter.[4]

Sensors

The Type 052D is equipped with Type 346A[5] AESA and Type 518 L-band radar.[6]

The Type 052D is also equipped with both variable depth (VDS) and linear towed array sonar. The VDS is deployed through a hinged opening in the transom by a hydraulic lifting mechanism. The VDS body is a streamlined fairing fitted with Y-shaped hydrodynamic vanes for towing stability.[7]

Armament

The Type 52D is the first Chinese surface combatant is use canister-based universal VLS. 64 cells are carried; 32 forward and 32 aft.[9] The VLS is reportedly an implementation of the GJB 5860-2006 standard.[10] The VLS may fire the extended-range variant of the HHQ-9 surface-to-air missile, YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles,[11] and CY-5 anti-submarine missiles.[7]

The main gun is a 130 mm weapon.[8]

Early units were completed with 7-barrelled Type 730 close-in weapon system (CIWS). This was replaced in later units by the larger 11-barrelled Type 1130 CIWS.[12]

Data link

Sources on the Chinese Internet have stated that Type 052D is equipped with a newest Chinese data link which has just completed national certification in June 2012 and publicized by the end of year.[14] Designated as JSIDLS (Joint Service Integrated Data Link System, 全军综合数据链系统), this is the Chinese equivalent of Link 16,[15] a significant improvement of earlier HN-900 which is the Chinese equivalent of Link 11/TADIL-A[16] installed on Type 052C. The general designer of JSIDLS is Major General Wang Jianxin (王建新), who was also the head of the research institute of the People's Liberation Army General Staff Department assigned as primary contractor of JSIDLS. More than 300 establishments and 8000 people were involved in the development of JSIDLS, and it won State Science and Technology Prizes after completion.[17]

Ships of class

Hull no. Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
157m variant
DDG-172[18] 昆明 / Kunming[18] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[18] 21 March 2014[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
DDG-173[18] 长沙 / Changsha[18] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[18] 12 August 2015[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
DDG-174[1] 合肥 / Hefei[1] 12 December 2015[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
DDG-175[19] 银川 / Yinchuan[19] 12 July 2016[19] South Sea Fleet[19] Active[19]
DDG-117[20] 西宁 / Xining[20] 22 January 2017[20] North Sea Fleet[20] Active[20]
DDG-118[21] 乌鲁木齐 / Ürümqi[21] January 2018 North Sea Fleet Active[22]
DDG-154[23] 厦门 / Xiamen[23] 10 June 2017[23] East Sea Fleet[23] Active[23]
DDG-155[21]
DDG-119[24] 贵阳 / Guiyang[24] Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company[24] November 2015[24] 22 February 2019[24] North Sea Fleet[24] Active[24]
DDG-161[21] 呼和浩特 / Hohhot[21]
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]
161m variant
Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[4] July 2018[4] Fitting out
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]

See also

Comparable ships

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Yao, Jianing, ed. (14 December 2015). "New missile destroyer joins South China Sea Fleet". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Chan, Minnie (14 May 2019). "China launches two new Type 052D destroyers as it continues drive to strengthen naval force". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Stephen Saunders (2015). Jane's Fighting Ships 2015–2016. IHS Janes Information Group. p. 138.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (31 July 2018). "China launches first stretched Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b Tate, Andrew (2017). China heads for a step change in naval capabilities (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b Majumdar, Dave (14 May 2014). "Construction of China's Type 055 destroyers forges ahead". USNI News. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e Wong, Kelvin (2017). Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d McDevitt: page 62
  9. ^ a b c d Li: page 44
  10. ^ a b Wang, Weixing, ed. (4 September 2012). "谜一样的战舰 从052D驱逐舰看中舰艇系统" [A Ship of Mystery: The Shipborne Systems of Type 052D] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2012-10-11.
  11. ^ a b c d China Military Power: Modernizing a Force to Fight and Win (PDF) (Report). United States Defense Intelligence Agency. 2019. p. 70. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "Newly Built PLAN Type 052D Destroyers Getting Fitted with Larger H/PJ-11 CIWS". Navy Recognition. 25 July 2016. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  13. ^ Holmes: page 4
  14. ^ "PLA data link". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  15. ^ "我海军已装备全军综合数据链 应对更严酷作战环境, New joint service data link system adopted by the Chinese navy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  16. ^ "解放軍網戰建設, "Developments in PLA cyberwarfare capabilities"". June 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  17. ^ "总参某信息化研究所:一切为打赢未来信息化战争, Research institute of the General Staff Department develops new data link system". April 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Tate, Andrew (21 July 2015). "China commissions second Type 052D DDG, pushes ahead with frigate, corvette launches". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e Yao, Jianing, ed. (12 July 2016). "China commissions new guided-missile destroyer Yinchuan". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 27 October 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d e Tate, Andrew (23 January 2017). "China's North Sea Fleet receives first Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 24 January 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2018). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2018-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (21 July 2017). "China commissions sixth Type 052D-class destroyer into East Sea fleet". janes.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-29. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (5 March 2019). "Type 052D destroyer and Type 054A frigate enter service with PLAN". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
Bibliography
2018 South China Sea Parade

The 2018 South China Sea Parade (simplified Chinese: 2018年南海军事演习; traditional Chinese: 2018年南海軍事演習; pinyin: 2018nián Nánhaǐ Jūnshì Yǎnxí) was a military parade held in the South China Sea near Sanya, Hainan on April 13, 2018. It is the biggest marine parade since the established of the Communist State in 1949 and according to the Chinese government, the biggest in 600 years. It saw 50 warships, 76 fighters and more than 10,000 military officers and soldiers taking part. Xi Jinping, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, reviewed the People's Liberation Army Navy on April 11, 2018. More than half of the vessels were commissioned after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in November 2012, when Xi succeeded the Communist Party’s General Secretary (paramount leader).

Active electronically scanned array

An active electronically scanned array (AESA) is a type of phased array antenna, which is a computer-controlled array antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antenna. In the AESA, each antenna element is connected to a small solid-state transmit/receive module (TRM) under the control of a computer, which performs the functions of a transmitter and/or receiver for the antenna. This contrasts with a passive electronically scanned array (PESA), in which all the antenna elements are connected to a single transmitter and/or receiver through phase shifters under the control of the computer. AESA's main use is in radar, and these are known as active phased array radar (APAR).

The AESA is a more advanced, sophisticated, second-generation of the original PESA phased array technology. PESAs can only emit a single beam of radio waves at a single frequency at a time. The AESA can radiate multiple beams of radio waves at multiple frequencies simultaneously. AESA radars can spread their signal emissions across a wider range of frequencies, which makes them more difficult to detect over background noise, allowing ships and aircraft to radiate powerful radar signals while still remaining stealthy.

Atago-class destroyer

The Atago class of guided missile destroyers (あたご型護衛艦, Atago-gata Goeikan) is an improved version of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF)'s Kongō class.

CJ-10 (missile)

The CJ-10 (simplified Chinese: 长剑-10; traditional Chinese: 長劍-10; pinyin: Cháng Jiàn 10; literally: 'long sword 10') is a second-generation Chinese ground-based land-attack missile. It is derived from the Kh-55 missile. It is reportedly manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy and the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy.Initially, the CJ-10 was identified as the DH-10 (Chinese: 东海-10; pinyin: Dong Hai 10; literally: 'east sea 10') by Western media and analysts. United States Department of Defense reports used "DH-10" until 2011, and then "CJ-10" from 2012. Publications may use both terms interchangeably. The Center for Strategic and International Studies believes that the CJ-10 is a member of the Hongniao (HN) series of missiles; Ian Easton believes that the CJ-10 is the same missile as the HN-2, and that the HN-3 is the "DH-10A".

CY-1

The CY-1 (Chang Ying 长缨, Long Tassel, often erroneously referred as Chian Yu, 剑鱼, or Swordfish) is a Chinese anti-submarine rocket carried on a variety of surface platforms, including the Luda class missile destroyers and Jiangwei class missile frigates. A series of CY ASW missiles have been developed based on CY-1. To date only a small number of CY-1 is known to have been produced and deployed on trial basis, despite the fact that it had first appeared on the defense exhibitions held in China in the late 1980s.

GJB 5860-2006

GJB 5860-2006 (Chinese: 国家军用标准 5860-2006; pinyin: Guo-jia Jun-yong 5860-2006; literally: 'National Military Standard 5860-2006') is a Chinese military technical standard describing a vertical launching system (VLS) for all types of missiles aboard surface combatants.Cells have a square crosssection with 850 millimetres (33 in) sides, and may be 9 m (30 ft), 7 m (23 ft), or 3.3 m (11 ft) deep. Each cell carries one missile; the shortest cell may carry four missiles. Hot and cold launches are supported; hot launching uses the concentric canister launch (CCL) approach with exhaust vents within each launch cell.The first operational implementation is believed to be the VLS aboard the People's Liberation Army Navy's Type 052D destroyer.

H/PJ-38 130mm naval gun

The H/PJ-38 is a single barrel 130 mm naval gun of the Chinese Navy introduced on the Type 052D destroyer.

Jiangnan Shipyard

Jiangnan Shipyard (Chinese: 江南造船厂; pinyin: Jiāngnán Zàochuán Chǎng) is a historic shipyard in Shanghai, China. The shipyard has been state-owned since its founding in 1865 and is now operated as Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd.

Before 2009, the company was south of central Shanghai (at 2 Gaoxing Road (31°11′49″N 121°28′59″E). In 2009, the shipyard was moved to Changxing Island, in the mouth of the Yangtze River to the north of urban Shanghai. (31°21′14.81″N 121°44′14.69″E).

The shipyard builds, repairs and converts both civilian and military ships. Other activities include the manufacture of machinery and electrical equipment, pressure vessels and steel works for various land-based products.

Kidd-class destroyer

The Kidd-class destroyers were a series of four guided missile destroyers (DDGs) based on the Spruance class. The Kidds were designed as more advanced multipurpose ships, in contrast to their predecessor's focus on anti-submarine warfare, adding considerably enhanced anti-aircraft capabilities. Originally ordered for the former Imperial Iranian Navy, the contracts were canceled when the 1979 Iranian Revolution began, and the ships were completed for the United States Navy. Because they were equipped with heavy-duty air conditioning and other features that made them suitable in hot climates, they tended to be used in the Middle East, specifically the Persian Gulf itself. During their service with the U.S. Navy from the 1980s to the late 1990s, the ships were popularly known as the "Ayatollah" class. They were decommissioned and sold to the Republic of China Navy as the Kee Lung class.

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships is a list of ships currently in active service with the People's Liberation Army Navy. There are approximately 496 ships listed in the tables below that constitute active ships, but this figure does not include the 232 various auxiliary vessels of the PLAN. A summary of ship types in service with the PLAN include an aircraft carrier, amphibious transport docks, landing ship tanks, landing ship medium, destroyers, frigates, corvettes, missile boats, submarine chasers, gunboats, mine countermeasures vessels, replenishment oilers and various auxiliaries. In addition, there are also nuclear and conventional submarines presently in service.

All ships and submarines currently in commission with the People's Liberation Army Navy were built in China, with the exception of the Sovremenny-class destroyers, Kilo-class submarines and the aircraft carrier Liaoning. Those vessels were either imported from, or originated from Russia or Ukraine.

The convention for naming naval ships is as follows: Aircraft carriers are named after provinces. Nuclear-powered submarines are all named Changzheng (Long March) and number. Destroyers and frigates are named after cities. Smaller anti-submarine ships are named for counties. Tank landing ships and dock landing ships carry the names of mountains. Infantry landing ships are named for rivers. Replenishment ships are named for lakes.

List of ship commissionings in 2014

The list of ship commissionings in 2014 includes a chronological list of all ships commissioned in 2014.

People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force

The People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force is a branch of the People's Liberation Army Navy in China. It consists of all surface warships in operational service with the PLAN. It operates 661 ships. The ships are organized into three fleets: the North Sea Fleet, the East Sea Fleet, and the South Sea Fleet. The People's Liberation Army Navy is turning away from its traditional focus on coastal and littoral warfare and instead prioritising the development of blue water capabilities. This has led to a significant reduction in fleet numbers as the PLAN has replaced a larger number of smaller ships with a smaller number of larger and more capable ships, including destroyers, frigates, corvettes, amphibious warfare ships and large auxiliary ships.

Stealth ship

A stealth ship is a ship which employs stealth technology construction techniques in an effort to ensure that it is harder to detect by one or more of radar, visual, sonar, and infrared methods.

These techniques borrow from stealth aircraft technology, although some aspects such as wake and acoustic signature reduction (Acoustic quieting) are unique to stealth ships' design. Though radar cross-section (RCS) reduction is a fairly new concept many other forms of masking a ship have existed for centuries or even millennia.

Type 052C destroyer

The Type 052C destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang II-class destroyer) is a class of guided missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN). The Type 052C introduced both fixed active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and vertically launched surface-to-air missiles into PLAN service, making it the first PLAN warship with area air defence capability.

Type 055 destroyer

The Type 055 destroyer (NATO/OSD Renhai-class cruiser) is a class of guided missile destroyers being constructed for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. It is a multi-mission design; the combination of sensors and weapons suggests a main role of area air defence, with anti-submarine warfare capabilities surpassing previous Chinese surface combatants.The Type 055 is expected to undertake expeditionary missions and form the primary escort for Chinese aircraft carriers.The United States classifies these ships as cruisers. The United States Navy defines a cruiser as a large multi-mission surface combatant with flag facilities; this suggests the U.S. expects the Type 055 to fulfil a similar role as the Ticonderoga-class cruiser.

Type 346 radar

Type 346 radar is a highly digitized, multi-function, dual-band (S and C bands) naval active phased array radar (APAR) installed on Type 052C destroyers, Type 052D destroyers, Type 055 destroyers and Type 001A aircraft carriers of the PLAN. The radar is named as the Star of the Sea (Hai-Zhi-Xing, 海之星) by its developer and it is one of the two competitors for PLAN’s SAPARS (Shipborne Active Phased Array Radar System) project/program. Due to its secrecy and lack of information, Type 346 radar has been frequently but erroneously confused with a Chinese fire control radar Type 348, and mistakenly identified as Type 348 by many sources. Furthermore, it is also frequently confused with and misidentified as Sea Lion series C-band phased array radars developed by another design house.

Several models in the Type 346 series have been developed. When Star of the Sea was selected as the winner of SAPARS and accepted into Chinese service, it received the Chinese naval designation for the entire radar system as H/LJG-346 or Type 346 for short. The NATO reporting name for Type 346 radar is Dragon Eye.

Type 52

Type 52 may refer to:

Bugatti Type 52, motor vehicle produced by the auto-maker Bugatti

Bristol Type 52 Bullfinch, an experimental British military aircraft first flown in 1922

Type 052 destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052B destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052C destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052D destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Vertical launching system

A vertical launching system (VLS) is an advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms, such as surface ships and submarines. Each vertical launch system consists of a number of cells, which can hold one or more missiles ready for firing. Typically, each cell can hold a number of different types of missiles, allowing the ship flexibility to load the best set for any given mission. Further, when new missiles are developed, they are typically fitted to the existing vertical launch systems of that nation, allowing existing ships to use new types of missiles without expensive rework. When the command is given, the missile flies straight up long enough to clear the cell and the ship, and then turns on course.

A VLS allows surface combatants to have a greater number of weapons ready for firing at any given time compared to older launching systems such as the Mark 13 single-arm and Mark 26 twin-arm launchers, which were fed from behind by a magazine below the main deck. In addition to greater firepower, VLS is much more damage tolerant and reliable than the previous systems, and has a lower radar cross-section (RCS). The U.S. Navy now relies exclusively on VLS for its guided missile destroyers and cruisers.

The most widespread vertical launch system in the world is the Mark 41, developed by the United States Navy. More than 11,000 Mark 41 VLS missile cells have been delivered, or are on order, for use on 186 ships across 19 ship classes, in 11 navies around the world. This system currently serves with the US Navy as well as the Australian, Danish, Dutch, German, Japanese, New Zealand, Norwegian, South Korean, Spanish, and Turkish navies, while others like the Greek Navy preferred the similar Mark 48 system.The advanced Mark 57 vertical launch system is used on the new Zumwalt-class destroyer. The older Mark 13 and Mark 26 systems remain in service on ships that were sold to other countries such as Taiwan and Poland.

When installed on an SSN (nuclear-powered attack submarine), a VLS allows a greater number and variety of weapons to be deployed, compared with using only torpedo tubes.

YJ-18

The YJ-18 (Chinese: 鹰击-18; pinyin: yingji-18; literally: 'eagle strike 18', NATO designation CH-SS-NX-13) is a Chinese family of anti-ship and land attack cruise missiles.

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