Type 052C destroyer

The Type 052C destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang II-class destroyer) is a class of guided missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN). The Type 052C introduced both fixed active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and vertically launched surface-to-air missiles into PLAN service,[4] making it the first PLAN warship with area air defence capability.[5]

PLANS Changchun (DDG-150) 20150718
Changchun (150)
Class overview
Builders: Jiangnan Shipyard
Operators:  PLA Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 051C
Succeeded by: Type 052D
Built: 2002–2015
In service: September 2005–present
Planned: 6
Completed: 6
Active: 6
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 7,000 tons[1]
Length: 155 m (508 ft 6 in)[1]
Beam: 17 m (55 ft 9 in)[1]
Draught: 6 m (19 ft 8 in)[1]
Propulsion:
Speed: 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph)[1]
Range: 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 15 knots[1]
Complement: 280[1]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
NRJ-6A[1]
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 helicopter: Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9[3]
Aviation facilities:
  • Stern hangar
  • Helicopter landing platform

Program

The first two ships, Lanzhou and Haikou, were laid down at the Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai in 2002, and entered service in 2004 and 2005 respectively.[1] No new ships were laid down until 2010;[6] the pause may have been due to the relocation of the shipyard.[7]

Design

The Type 052C appears to share the same basic hull design as the Type 052B destroyer, which in turn is based on the Type 051B destroyer. Stealth features are incorporated.[1]

The Type 052C uses predominantly Chinese systems derived from earlier foreign technology; the preceding Type 052 and Type 052B destroyers used a mixture of Russian and Chinese systems.[7]

Missiles

PLANS Changchun (150), Penang Strait, Penang
Forward VLS launchers.

The Type 052C carries 48 HHQ-9 naval surface-to-air missiles (SAM),[1] each with a range of 55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi).[8] The SAMs are cold launched[9] from eight revolver-type vertical launchers, with six missiles per launcher.[6]

Eight YJ-62 anti-ship missiles are carried in two quad-canister launchers just forward of the hangar.[1] Each missile has a range of 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi).[8]

Guns

The main gun is a 100 mm PJ-87. The gun suffered from jamming and may have influenced the decision to adopt a different weapon for the Type 052D destroyer.[2][10] The weapon has a rate of fire of 25 rounds per minute.[1]

Close-in defence is provided by two seven-barrel 30 mm Type 730 CIWS, one mounted forward of the bridge and one atop the hangar. Each gun has a maximum rate of fire of 4200 rounds per minute.[1]

Anti-submarine systems

Two triple 324 mm (13 in) torpedo tubes are carried; these are copies or derivatives of the Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquei B515/ILAS-3.[1][11] This launcher may fire the Yu-7 ASW torpedo.[11]

Radar

Bridge of CNS Changchun (DDG-150)
Forward Type 346 radar panels and Type 730 CIWS.

The Type 052C is the first PLAN warship to mount[2] the G-band[1] Type 346 AESA radar.[4] The four phased array antennas are mounted on the taller forward superstructure. The Type 346 is used for air search, and provides fire control for the HHQ-9.[1] The combination of AESA radar and VLS SAMs produces a marked increase in anti-aircraft firepower over previous PLAN warships.[4]

Aircraft

Maritime Interdiction Operations at RIMPAC 2016 160718-N-CA112-002
Xi’an (153) and Z-9 at RIMPAC 2016

A Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9 helicopter may operate from the rear hangar and flight deck.[3] The Ka-28 is equipped with a search radar and dipping sonar and can also employ sonobuoys, torpedoes, depth charges, or mines.[12] The Z-9 is a variant of the Airbus Helicopters AS365 Dauphin. The naval variant of the Z-9, the Z-9C, is equipped with the KLC-1 search radar, dipping sonar, and is typically armed with a single, lightweight torpedo.[13] Either helicopter siginficantly improves the anti-submarine capabilities of the Type 052C.

Propulsion

The Type 052C propulsion is in the combined diesel or gas (CODOG) arrangement, with two Ukrainian DA80 gas turbines and two[1] MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines.[2]

The DA80s had blade problems and may have contributed to the last two Type 052Cs sitting pierside at the shipyard for two years without being accepted by the PLAN.[2]

The MTU 20V 956TB92 engines were license-produced by Shaanxi Diesel Engine Works.[2]

Ships of class

Hull no. Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
170[14] 兰州 / Lanzhou[14] Jiangnan Shipyard[1] 29 April 2003[1] 18 July 2004[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[14]
171[14] 海口 / Haikou[14] Jiangnan Shipyard[1] 30 October 2003[1] 20 July 2005[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[14]
150[14] 长春 / Changchun[14] 31 January 2013[15] East Sea Fleet[15] Active[14]
151[14] 郑州 / Zhengzhou[14] Active[14]
152[14] 济南 / Jinan[14] Active[14]
153[14] 西安 / Xi'an[14] Active[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap Saunders, Stephan, ed. (2009). Jane's Fighting Ships 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 137. ISBN 978-0710628886.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Bussert, James C. (1 November 2015). "China Develops Aircraft Carrier Group Leader". SIGNAL Magazine. AFCEA. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b McDevitt: pages 61
  4. ^ a b c McDevitt: pages 59-60
  5. ^ Cole, Bernard D. "What Do China's Surface Fleet Developments Suggest about Its Maritime Strategy?". CSMI Red Book. United States Naval War College. 14: 23. ISBN 978-1-935352-45-7. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b Li: page 44
  7. ^ a b McDevitt: pages 59
  8. ^ a b United States Department of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2019, page 70
  9. ^ Bussert, James C. (1 December 2013). "China Destroyer Consolidates Innovations, Other Ship Advances". SIGNAL Magazine. AFCEA. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  10. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (21 March 2013). CRS Report for CongressPrepared for Members and Committees of Congress China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress (PDF). RL33153 (Report). Congressional Research Service. p. 28. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance" (PDF). Jane's. 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  12. ^ United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, pages 20-21
  13. ^ United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, pages 20
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2018). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  15. ^ a b Qian, Xiaohu (5 February 2013). "Changchun' warship commissioned to PLA Navy". People's Daily Online. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
Bibliography

External links

2017 Sri Lanka floods

The 2017 Sri Lanka floods resulted from a heavy southwest monsoon, beginning around 18 to 19 May 2017. Flooding was worsened by the arrival of the precursor system to Cyclone Mora, causing flooding and landslides throughout Sri Lanka during the final week of May 2017. The floods affected 15 districts, killed at least 208 people and left a further 78 people missing. As of 3 June, 698,289 people were affected, while 11,056 houses were partially damaged and another 2,093 houses completely destroyed. According to Al Jazeera, about 600,000 people have been displaced due to the floods.The flooding severely affected Sri Lanka's Western Province, Sabaragamuwa Province, Southern Province and part of Central Province. The worst-affected districts were Kalutara, Matara and Ratnapura. In Kalutara, flooding of the Kalu River also triggered several mudflows. Agalawatte, a town within Kalutara District, reported 47 deaths and 62 people missing as of 29 May, with many areas made inaccessible by landslides. The Ratnapura District had recorded 79 deaths by 30 May.

2018 South China Sea Parade

The 2018 South China Sea Parade (simplified Chinese: 2018年南海军事演习; traditional Chinese: 2018年南海軍事演習; pinyin: 2018nián Nánhaǐ Jūnshì Yǎnxí) was a military parade held in the South China Sea near Sanya, Hainan on April 13, 2018. It is the biggest marine parade since the established of the Communist State in 1949 and according to the Chinese government, the biggest in 600 years. It saw 50 warships, 76 fighters and more than 10,000 military officers and soldiers taking part. Xi Jinping, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, reviewed the People's Liberation Army Navy on April 11, 2018. More than half of the vessels were commissioned after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in November 2012, when Xi succeeded the Communist Party’s General Secretary (paramount leader).

30 mm caliber

The 30 mm caliber is a specific size of autocannon ammunition. Such ammunition includes NATO standard 30×113mmB, 30×173mm (STANAG 4624), and 35x228mm NATO rounds, Soviet 30×165mm, 30x210mmB, and 37×250mm, Yugoslavian 30x192mm, and Czechoslovakian 30x210mmCz rounds which are widely used around the world.

Chinese destroyer Haikou (171)

Haikou is a Chinese Type 052C destroyer (NATO code name Luyang II class). The ship was laid down in 2002, launched on 30 October 2003, and commissioned in late 2005. The destroyer is active with the People's Republic of China's South Sea Fleet.

Chinese destroyer Lanzhou (170)

Lanzhou is the lead ship of the Chinese Type 052C destroyer class (NATO code name Luyang II class). The ship was laid down in late 2002, launched on 29 April 2003, and commissioned in July 2004. The destroyer is active with the People's Republic of China's South Sea Fleet.

H/ZKJ

H/ZKJ series and its derivative H/ZKT series naval systems are Chinese combat data /management systems (CDS/CMS) installed onboard Chinese surface combatants of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), and they are usually referred as ZKJ and ZKT for short. The designation is an abbreviation of Pinyin: H for Haijun (海军, meaning naval in Chinese), Z for Zhihui (指挥, meaning command in Chinese), and K for Kongzhi (控制, meaning control in Chinese), J for Jian (舰, meaning ship in Chinese) and T for Ting (艇, meaning boat in Chinese).

HQ-9

The HQ-9 (simplified Chinese: 红旗-9; traditional Chinese: 紅旗-9; pinyin: Hóng Qí-9; literally: 'Red Banner-9') is a medium- to long-range, active radar homing surface-to-air missile.Similar in capability to the Russian S-300 and American Patriot systems, the HQ-9 uses a HT-233 PESA radar system. The naval variant, HHQ-9 (simplified Chinese: 海红旗-9; traditional Chinese: 海紅旗-9; pinyin: Hǎi Hóng Qí-9; literally: 'Sea Red Banner-9'), appears to be identical to the land-based variant. HHQ-9 is equipped in the PLAN Type 052C Lanzhou class destroyer in VLS launch tubes.The HQ-9 system has an anti-radiation variant, known as the FT-2000 for export. The export designation for air defense version is FD-2000 (with FD stands for Fang Dun [防盾], meaning defensive shield), and its developer China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC) first made it public at the Africa Aerospace and Defence Exhibition held at Cape Town in March 2009

Jiangnan Shipyard

Jiangnan Shipyard (Chinese: 江南造船厂; pinyin: Jiāngnán Zàochuán Chǎng) is a historic shipyard in Shanghai, China. The shipyard has been state-owned since its founding in 1865 and is now operated as Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd.

Before 2009, the company was south of central Shanghai (at 2 Gaoxing Road (31°11′49″N 121°28′59″E). In 2009, the shipyard was moved to Changxing Island, in the mouth of the Yangtze River to the north of urban Shanghai. (31°21′14.81″N 121°44′14.69″E).

The shipyard builds, repairs and converts both civilian and military ships. Other activities include the manufacture of machinery and electrical equipment, pressure vessels and steel works for various land-based products.

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships is a list of ships currently in active service with the People's Liberation Army Navy. There are approximately 496 ships listed in the tables below that constitute active ships, but this figure does not include the 232 various auxiliary vessels of the PLAN. A summary of ship types in service with the PLAN include an aircraft carrier, amphibious transport docks, landing ship tanks, landing ship medium, destroyers, frigates, corvettes, missile boats, submarine chasers, gunboats, mine countermeasures vessels, replenishment oilers and various auxiliaries. In addition, there are also nuclear and conventional submarines presently in service.

All ships and submarines currently in commission with the People's Liberation Army Navy were built in China, with the exception of the Sovremenny-class destroyers, Kilo-class submarines and the aircraft carrier Liaoning. Those vessels were either imported from, or originated from Russia or Ukraine.

The convention for naming naval ships is as follows: Aircraft carriers are named after provinces. Nuclear-powered submarines are all named Changzheng (Long March) and number. Destroyers and frigates are named after cities. Smaller anti-submarine ships are named for counties. Tank landing ships and dock landing ships carry the names of mountains. Infantry landing ships are named for rivers. Replenishment ships are named for lakes.

List of ship commissionings in 2014

The list of ship commissionings in 2014 includes a chronological list of all ships commissioned in 2014.

People's Liberation Army Navy

The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN; Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军), also known as the PLA Navy, is the naval warfare branch of the People's Liberation Army, which is the armed wing of the Communist Party of China and, by default, the national armed forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLAN can trace its lineage to naval units fighting during the Chinese Civil War and was established in September 1950. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, the Soviet Union provided assistance to the PLAN in the form of naval advisers and export of equipment and technology. Until the late 1980s, the PLAN was largely a riverine and littoral force (brown-water navy). However, by the 1990s, following the fall of the Soviet Union and a shift towards a more forward-oriented foreign and security policy, the leaders of the Chinese military were freed from worrying over land border disputes, and instead turned their attention towards the seas. This led to the development of the People's Liberation Army Navy into a green-water navy by 2009. Before the 1990s the PLAN had traditionally played a subordinate role to the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

In 2008, General Qian Lihua confirmed that China plans to operate a small fleet of aircraft carriers in the near future, but for the purpose of regional defence as opposed to "global reach". As of 2013 PLA officials have also outlined plans to operate in the first and second island chains. Chinese strategists term the development of the PLAN from a green-water navy into "a regional blue-water defensive and offensive navy."The People's Liberation Army Navy is composed of five branches; the Submarine Force, the Surface Force, the Coastal Defense Force, the Marine Corps and the Naval Air Force. With a personnel strength of 255,000 servicemen and women, including 10,000 marines and 26,000 naval air force personnel, it is the second largest navy in the world in terms of tonnage, only behind the United States Navy, and has the largest number of major combatants of any navy.

People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force

The People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force is a branch of the People's Liberation Army Navy in China. It consists of all surface warships in operational service with the PLAN. It operates 661 ships. The ships are organized into three fleets: the North Sea Fleet, the East Sea Fleet, and the South Sea Fleet. The People's Liberation Army Navy is turning away from its traditional focus on coastal and littoral warfare and instead prioritising the development of blue water capabilities. This has led to a significant reduction in fleet numbers as the PLAN has replaced a larger number of smaller ships with a smaller number of larger and more capable ships, including destroyers, frigates, corvettes, amphibious warfare ships and large auxiliary ships.

Stealth ship

A stealth ship is a ship which employs stealth technology construction techniques in an effort to ensure that it is harder to detect by one or more of radar, visual, sonar, and infrared methods.

These techniques borrow from stealth aircraft technology, although some aspects such as wake and acoustic signature reduction (Acoustic quieting) are unique to stealth ships' design. Though radar cross-section (RCS) reduction is a fairly new concept many other forms of masking a ship have existed for centuries or even millennia.

Type 052D destroyer

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang III-class destroyer) is a class of guided missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. The Type 052D is a larger variant of the Type 052C; the Type 052D uses a canister-type, instead of revolver-type, vertical launching system (VLS) and has flat-panelled active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar. The new VLS is not limited to anti-air missiles, making the Type 052D China's first dedicated multi-role destroyer.Chinese media informally calls the Type 052D the Chinese Aegis, portraying it as a peer of contemporary United States Navy ships equipped with the Aegis Combat System. The appearance of the Type 052D, with flat-panelled radar and canister-based VLS, has encouraged the moniker's use.

Type 346 radar

Type 346 radar is a highly digitized, multi-function, dual-band (S and C bands) naval active phased array radar (APAR) installed on Type 052C destroyers, Type 052D destroyers, Type 055 destroyers and Type 001A aircraft carriers of the PLAN. The radar is named as the Star of the Sea (Hai-Zhi-Xing, 海之星) by its developer and it is one of the two competitors for PLAN’s SAPARS (Shipborne Active Phased Array Radar System) project/program. Due to its secrecy and lack of information, Type 346 radar has been frequently but erroneously confused with a Chinese fire control radar Type 348, and mistakenly identified as Type 348 by many sources. Furthermore, it is also frequently confused with and misidentified as Sea Lion series C-band phased array radars developed by another design house.

Several models in the Type 346 series have been developed. When Star of the Sea was selected as the winner of SAPARS and accepted into Chinese service, it received the Chinese naval designation for the entire radar system as H/LJG-346 or Type 346 for short. The NATO reporting name for Type 346 radar is Dragon Eye.

Type 52

Type 52 may refer to:

Bugatti Type 52, motor vehicle produced by the auto-maker Bugatti

Bristol Type 52 Bullfinch, an experimental British military aircraft first flown in 1922

Type 052 destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052B destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052C destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 052D destroyer, a destroyer class of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Vertical launching system

A vertical launching system (VLS) is an advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms, such as surface ships and submarines. Each vertical launch system consists of a number of cells, which can hold one or more missiles ready for firing. Typically, each cell can hold a number of different types of missiles, allowing the ship flexibility to load the best set for any given mission. Further, when new missiles are developed, they are typically fitted to the existing vertical launch systems of that nation, allowing existing ships to use new types of missiles without expensive rework. When the command is given, the missile flies straight up long enough to clear the cell and the ship, and then turns on course.

A VLS allows surface combatants to have a greater number of weapons ready for firing at any given time compared to older launching systems such as the Mark 13 single-arm and Mark 26 twin-arm launchers, which were fed from behind by a magazine below the main deck. In addition to greater firepower, VLS is much more damage tolerant and reliable than the previous systems, and has a lower radar cross-section (RCS). The U.S. Navy now relies exclusively on VLS for its guided missile destroyers and cruisers.

The most widespread vertical launch system in the world is the Mark 41, developed by the United States Navy. More than 11,000 Mark 41 VLS missile cells have been delivered, or are on order, for use on 186 ships across 19 ship classes, in 11 navies around the world. This system currently serves with the US Navy as well as the Australian, Danish, Dutch, German, Japanese, New Zealand, Norwegian, South Korean, Spanish, and Turkish navies, while others like the Greek Navy preferred the similar Mark 48 system.The advanced Mark 57 vertical launch system is used on the new Zumwalt-class destroyer. The older Mark 13 and Mark 26 systems remain in service on ships that were sold to other countries such as Taiwan and Poland.

When installed on an SSN (nuclear-powered attack submarine), a VLS allows a greater number and variety of weapons to be deployed, compared with using only torpedo tubes.

YJ-62

The YJ-62 (Chinese: 鹰击-62; pinyin: yingji-62; literally: 'eagle strike 62') is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship cruise missile. It is manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy.

Zhu Yingfu

Zhu Yingfu (Chinese: 朱英富; born 12 July 1941) is a Chinese engineer and general designer of the Type 052B destroyer, Type 052C destroyer and Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning.

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