Tyngsborough, Massachusetts

Tyngsborough (also spelled Tyngsboro) is a town in northern Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. Tyngsborough is 28 miles (45 km) from Boston[1] along the Route 3 corridor, and located on the New Hampshire state line. At the 2010 census, the town population was 11,292.[2] By its location, the town serves as a suburb of neighboring cities such as Nashua, New Hampshire and Lowell, Massachusetts.

Tyngsborough, Massachusetts
First Parish Meeting House
First Parish Meeting House
Official seal of Tyngsborough, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°40′18″N 71°25′1″W / 42.67167°N 71.41694°WCoordinates: 42°40′18″N 71°25′1″W / 42.67167°N 71.41694°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1661
Incorporated1809
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total18.1 sq mi (46.7 km2)
 • Land16.9 sq mi (43.7 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
Elevation
154 ft (47 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total11,292
 • Density620/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01879
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-71025
GNIS feature ID0618240
Websitehttp://www.tyngsboroughma.gov/

History

Map of old Dunstable 1846
Map of the region of "Old Dunstable" Township, which was later subdivided to form many of the current towns along the Massachusetts-New Hampshire border, including Tyngsborough

Tyngsborough was settled in 1661, as part of the massive Dunstable Township. The town of Dunstable, incorporated in 1673, was named after the hometown of pioneer Edward Tyng. However, a relative of his, and the source of the town of Tyngsborough's name, was Colonel Jonathan Tyng, whose home, the Tyng Mansion House, was one of the oldest north of Boston. He settled near the Merrimack in what is now Tyngsborough in 1675. The house stood until the 1970s, when it was destroyed by arson. Early on Tyngsborough residents fought a series of small and bloody skirmishes with local Native American tribes. Evidence of this can be found in several old colonial homes in town that still have emergency passages that were used during these attacks. In 1789, Tyngsborough's parish split from the rest of Dunstable, making Tyngsborough a recognized district. On February 23, 1809, Tyngsborough became a town.

After Tyngsborough was incorporated it became known for its ferries which traveled up and down the Merrimack River, the quarries that produced granite, and several box companies that started in town. As the town developed, Tyngsborough became a vacation community and had a large seasonal resident population even up until the late 1960s. A notable summer resident was actress Nance O'Neil, whose estate became the campus of the Academy of Notre Dame.

Today, Tyngsborough primarily serves as a bedroom community, part of Greater Lowell and the Nashua, New Hampshire region, in addition to having a short commute to the Boston area. The town is also known for the Tyngsborough Bridge, a green painted, single-arched, steel bridge over the Merrimack River. Constructed in 1931 as a replacement for an earlier wooden planked structure,[3] this bridge is a major river crossing for residents of Massachusetts and New Hampshire alike with 22,300 daily crossings as of 2007.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1850799—    
1860626−21.7%
1870629+0.5%
1880631+0.3%
1890662+4.9%
19301,358+105.1%
19401,634+20.3%
19502,059+26.0%
19603,302+60.4%
19704,204+27.3%
19805,683+35.2%
19908,642+52.1%
200011,081+28.2%
201011,292+1.9%
Source: US Census data.[2][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Government

The town uses an Open Town Meeting model with a Board of Selectmen overseeing the operation of the town. Reporting to the Board of Selectmen is the Town Administrator who oversees the public employees and day-to-day operations of the town offices. Other elected boards include the Planning Board, School Committee, Conservation Commission, Library Trustees, Cemetery Commission, Board of Health, Sewer Commission and the Zoning Board of Appeals.

Tyngsborough is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the 36th Middlesex District. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the First Middlesex District. The town is patrolled by the Tyngsborough Police Department with Rich Howe has its Chief[12] and Station A-1, SP Andover Barracks of Troop A of the Massachusetts State Police.

At the federal level, Tyngsborough is a part of Massachusetts's 3rd congressional district, and is currently represented by Niki Tsongas. The state's senior (Class II) member of the United States Senate, is Elizabeth Warren. The junior senator from Massachusetts is Ed Markey who was elected in 2013.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.0 square miles (47 km2), of which 16.9 square miles (44 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (6.65%) is water. Tyngsborough is bordered by the towns of Dunstable, Groton, Westford, Chelmsford, and Dracut, by the city of Lowell, and by the New Hampshire communities of Hudson, Pelham (though no road connects the two towns directly), and Nashua.

Besides a series of lakes and ponds that dot Tyngsborough, the town is split in two by the Merrimack River which runs roughly north-south near the center of town. The land is mostly rolling hills, small cleared fields, and wooded land. Marshlands can also be found in the area, although they are less prevalent than in surrounding towns.

Transportation

The LRTA 10 bus connects eastern Tyngsborough with Dracut and the Lowell train station on the MBTA Commuter Rail Lowell Line.

Schools

The Tyngsborough Public School district is coterminous with the town, and supports three schools containing a total of 2,300 students between them.[13]

  • Tyngsborough Elementary School (grades Pre K-5)
  • Tyngsborough Middle School (grades 6-8)
  • Tyngsborough High School (grades 9-12)

Additionally, Tyngsborough is home to Greater Lowell Technical High School, a public vocational school which serves the towns of Tyngsborough, Dracut, and Dunstable as well as the city of Lowell. There is also one private school in Tyngsborough, the Academy of Notre Dame.

The town also has one public charter school, Innovation Academy Charter School, serving over 800 students in grades five through 12. Innovation Academy moved to the town in of September 2008 from neighboring Chelmsford.

There are no colleges or universities in Tyngsborough, although Boston University once maintained a corporate education facility there,[14] but it has since been moved to nearby Chelmsford.

The Winslow School is a former school which was located on Winslow Drive. It opened in 1895 and closed in the early 2000s. The school was named after Sarah Winslow, who acquired a trust from Harvard College that is still an income for Tyngsborough. It was two stories high and 17,569 square feet in area. It had tennis courts, and playing fields in the back. As of 2014, the school lies abandoned in the Tyngsborough town center.[15]

Demographics

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 11,081 people, 3,731 households, and 2,947 families residing in the town. The population density was 657.4 people per square mile (253.8/km²). There were 3,806 housing units at an average density of 225.8 per square mile (87.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.63% White, 0.50% African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.48% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.

There were 3,731 households out of which 44.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the town, the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $102,818, and the median income for a family was $114,680. Males had a median income of $46,942 versus $33,396 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,249. About 4.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Notable people

References

  1. ^ GoogleMaps
  2. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Tyngsborough town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  3. ^ "About The Tyngsborough Bridge". Tyngsborough.gov. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ "National Bridges Entry". nationalbridges.com. National Bridges. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  5. ^ 1980 Census. Characteristics of the Population: Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts: Population of Towns: 1960 to 1980. United States Census Bureau. Volume 1, Chapter A, Part 23, Table 5a.
  6. ^ 1950 Census. Characteristics of the Population: Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts: Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. United States Census Bureau. Volume 1, Chapter 6, Part 21-10, Table 6.
  7. ^ 1920 Census. Characteristics of the Population: Number and Distribution of Inhabitants: Detailed Tables-Population of Counties, Incorporated Places & Minor Civil Divisions: Massachusetts: Population of all Cities, and of Towns having, in 1920, 2,500 Inhabitants or More: 1920, 1910, and 1900. United States Census Bureau. Volume 1, Chapter 2, Part 21-10, page 230, Table 51.
  8. ^ 1890 Census. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Division: 1880 and 1890. Part 1, p. 180, Table 5.
  9. ^ Compendium of the 1870 Census. Population, with Race - Part IV: Populations of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. - Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. p. 218, Table IX.
  10. ^ 1860 Census. Classified Population of the States and Territories, by County: Part V - Massachusetts: Population of Cities, Towns &c. p. 223, Table No. 3.
  11. ^ 1850 Census. Statistical View of the United States, Part VI. p 346.
  12. ^ http://www.tyngsboropolice.com
  13. ^ "About TPS". TYNGSBOROUGH PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  14. ^ Fitzgerald, Brian. "Corporate Education Center sold to TechSkills". BU Today. Boston University. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  15. ^ Favot, Sarah (May 22, 2013). "Town Meeting vote helps Tyngsboro Center take shape". The Sun (Lowell). MediaNews Group. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Further reading

External links

Academy of Notre Dame

The Academy of Notre Dame is a private, Catholic co-educational Pre-K through Grade 8 lower school and college preparatory upper school for young women sponsored by the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur.

Col. Jonathan Tyng House

The Col. Jonathan Tyng House was a historic house on Tyng Road in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. The oldest portion of this gambrel-roofed wood-frame house was built c. 1675 by Colonel Jonathan Tyng, the son of Edward Tyng for whom Tyngsborough is named. The house had a number of pre-Georgian features, including portholes under the eaves, through which muskets could be fired at attackers, and brick lining in the walls. The upper level also had quarters that were used by the Tyngs to house slaves. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977; it was destroyed by fire in 1981.

Esther Wilkins

Esther Mae Wilkins (December 9, 1916 – December 12, 2016) was an American dental hygienist, dentist and author of the first comprehensive book on dental hygiene, Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist. The dental instrument known as the Wilkins/Tufts Explorer was named after her.

George Francis Richardson

George Francis Richardson (December 6, 1829 – March 22, 1912) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the nineteenth mayor of Lowell, Massachusetts, and as a member of the Massachusetts State Senate.

Greater Lowell Technical High School

Greater Lowell Technical High School is a public vocational high school in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts, part of the Greater Lowell area. The school was founded in 1967 as Lowell Trade School, and then later became Greater Lowell Regional Vocational Technical High School. The name was again changed to Greater Lowell Technical High School. The school serves the city of Lowell and the towns of Tyngsborough, Dracut, and Dunstable. There are 23 technical programs available for students to choose from during their Freshman year at the school. There is an on-site restaurant that is run by the Culinary Arts students, along with a Lowell 5 Bank that is run by the Marketing & Business Education students. Each student has a chance to obtain a Co-Op job during their Junior and Senior years at the school. A Co-Op job allows a student to directly participate in the workforce as opposed to attending school during their shop week. The majority of the student population at Greater Lowell are from the City of Lowell and the Town of Dracut. However, there are also numerous students from Tyngsborough and Dunstable.

Innovation Academy Charter School

Innovation Academy Charter School (IACS) is a small charter school in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. The school was founded in 1996, under the name Chelmsford Public Charter School by a small group of parents from Chelmsford, Massachusetts. While initially a middle school serving only the town of Chelmsford, IACS has since expanded, establishing a high school and serving multiple towns within Massachusetts.

Islanders Hockey Club

The Islanders Hockey Club are an American junior ice hockey organization from Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. They field teams in the Tier III Junior A United States Premier Hockey League National Collegiate Development Conference, Premier Division, and Elite Division, as well as in youth leagues.

John Sherburne Sleeper

John Sherburne Sleeper (1794–1878) was an American sailor, ship master, novelist (who used the pseudonym of Hawser Martingale), journalist and politician.

Laura Gerraughty

Laura Gerraughty (born July 29, 1983 in Nashua, New Hampshire) is an American former shot putter.

Laura began throwing as a sophomore in high school in her hometown of Nashua, New Hampshire. She went on to represent the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the shot, discus, hammer, and weight throws under event coach Brian Blutreich and head coach Dennis Craddock. Gerraughty holds school records in each of these events. She holds a combined 13 Atlantic Coast Conference Championships individual event titles in these events, as well as 10 NCAA Division I All-America honors.

She finished fourth at the 2000 World Junior Championships in Santiago, Chile and won the bronze medal at the 2002 World Junior Championships in Kingston, Jamaica. She then competed at the 2004 Olympic Games without reaching the final round.

Her personal best throw is 19.15 metres, achieved in March 2004 at the NCAA Division I Indoor Track & Field Championships. This is the farthest throw by any NCAA Division I female shot putter, indoors or outdoors. In that same year, Laura also won the NCAA Division I Outdoor Track & Field Championships, the USA Track & Field Indoor National Championships, and the USA Track & Field Outdoor National Championships (the 2004 U.S. Olympic Trials).

Following her collegiate career, Laura competed briefly for Nike, Inc., representing the company at the 2005 USA Track & Field Outdoor National Championships. Her career was later ended due to injury. She went on to coach the throws for her alma mater for two seasons.

Laura Gerraughty, now Laura Ekstrand, lives with her family in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts.

Lowell-Dracut-Tyngsboro State Forest

Lowell-Dracut-Tyngsboro State Forest is a publicly owned forest with recreational features measuring 1,109 acres (449 ha) that overlap the City of Lowell, and the towns of Dracut and Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. The forest, which includes some 180 acres (73 ha) of ponds, swamps and wetlands, is maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.

Massachusetts Route 3A

Route 3A is a state highway in eastern Massachusetts, which parallels Route 3 and U.S. Route 3 from Cedarville in southern Plymouth to Tyngsborough at the New Hampshire state line.

Route 3A has two major posted segments, separated by a lengthy concurrency with Route 3 and US 3. Its southern portion parallels Route 3 from Cedarville in southern Plymouth to Neponset in the Dorchester area of Boston. Towns and cities that Route 3A traverse along its path include Plymouth, Kingston, Duxbury, Marshfield, Scituate, Cohasset, Hingham, Weymouth and Quincy.

North of Neponset, Route 3A runs, unsigned, concurrently with Route 3 and U.S. Route 3 to Burlington, before separating again (MassHighway counts the mileage along MA 3 between the two sections as part of MA 3A mileage).

The northern portion of which parallels U.S. Route 3 in northwestern Middlesex County. It stretches from Interstate 95 (Route 128) in Burlington to the New Hampshire state line, where it continues as Route 3A.

New England Stars (junior hockey)

The New England Stars are a Tier III Junior "A" ice hockey team. The Stars play at the Skate 3 Arena located in Tyngsboro, Massachusetts as members of the North American 3 Hockey League.

Old Town Hall

Old Town Hall may refer to:

Czech Republic

Old Town Hall (Prague)Denmark

Old Town Hall (Næstved)

Old Town Hall (Silkeborg)Mexico

Old Town Hall (Mexico City), among the Federal District buildingsPoland

Old Town Hall (Toruń), in the Medieval Town of ToruńSlovakia

Old Town Hall (Bratislava)

Old Town Hall (Levoča)United Kingdom

Lancaster Old Town Hall

Sheffield Old Town HallUnited States

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Vacaville Town Hall (Vacaville, California)

Old Town Hall (Chester, Connecticut)

Old Town Hall (Stamford, Connecticut)

Old Town Hall (Wilmington, Delaware)

Old Town Hall (Athol, Massachusetts)

Old Town Hall (Pittsfield, Massachusetts)

Old Town Hall (Tyngsborough, Massachusetts)

Old Town Hall (Fairfax, Virginia)Other buildings:

Old Town Hall (Salem, New Hampshire), listed on the New Hampshire State Register of Historic Places

Old Town Hall (Tyngsborough, Massachusetts)

The Old Town Hall is a historic town hall building at 10 Kendal Road in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. The wood frame building was built in 1834 as a church to house the local Baptist congregation, a role it served until 1857, when it was sold to the town. The styling of the building is predominantly Federal, although its cupola is a late 19th century Colonial Revival addition. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.After suffering a termite infestation in the 1990s(?), the town hall and the nearby Littlefield Library were closed. Their functions were moved to a new civic building away from the center. In 2012, the building underwent a $2.5 million renovation using Community Preservation Funds. The project concluded in December, 2013 and was reopened to the public in January 2014. It is primarily used for civic events and Special Hearings.

Pheasant Lane Mall

Pheasant Lane Mall, occupying 979,426 square feet (90,991.7 m2), is one of the largest shopping malls in the state of New Hampshire and the focal point of the commercial area in south Nashua.

As of 2018, the mall has about 139 stores and kiosks, including five anchor stores: Sears, JCPenney, Macy's, Dick's Sporting Goods, and Target, plus 15 restaurants. Since 2012 it has been owned and managed by Simon Property Group of Indianapolis.

Located just south of Exit 1 of the F.E. Everett Turnpike/U.S. Route 3 in Nashua and directly at northbound exit-only Exit 36 of US 3 in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts, the property straddles the state line, although the entire mall is in New Hampshire.

Proximity to the border has long drawn shoppers from Massachusetts seeking to take advantage of New Hampshire's lack of a sales tax.

Approximately 1/3 of the parking lot and water runoff area is located in Tyngsborough. Shoppers who park in front of the Sears entrance closer to Buffalo Wild Wings walk across the state line in front of the building on the sidewalk to get to and from their cars. The JCPenney store was originally built with a square corner that reached slightly across the border into Massachusetts, but was then modified to an unusual pentagonal shape at the state line to keep it entirely within New Hampshire by a few inches. Without that modification, the entire mall would have been subject to Massachusetts sales taxes, even though only a few inches of the structure was in Massachusetts.

Salmon Brook (Merrimack River tributary)

Salmon Brook is one of the 6 major tributaries of the Merrimack River in northeastern Massachusetts in the United States. Its watershed is 31 square miles (80 km2) and is one of the 14 subwatersheds of the Merrimack River. It passes through Groton, Dunstable, and Tyngsborough, Massachusetts, and then through Nashua, New Hampshire.

Tyngsborough Bridge

The Tyngsborough Bridge is a steel tied-arch bridge located in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts and carries Route 113 over the Merrimack River. With a span of 547 feet, it has the longest span of any steel rib through arch bridges in Massachusetts. It is also the 2nd oldest steel rib through arch bridge in the state. The bridge is center hinged and features pratt-type trussing.

Vesper Country Club

The Vesper Country Club, founded in 1899, is located on the Merrimack River in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. According to the USGA, and Golf Magazine, its golf course is one of the first in the United States, and was home to the first Massachusetts Open in 1905, won by golfer and course designer Donald Ross.

Winslow School and Littlefield Library

The Winslow School and Littlefield Library are a pair of historic municipal buildings at 250 and 252 Middlesex Road in Tyngsborough, Massachusetts. Built in 1890 and 1904, both are architect-designed buildings of high quality, funded by local benefactors. The buildings were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.

Places adjacent to Tyngsborough, Massachusetts
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