tvOS is an operating system developed by Apple Inc. for the 4th generation and later Apple TV digital media player. tvOS was announced on September 9, 2015 at the Apple September 2015 event, alongside the 4th generation Apple TV.[5] On October 29, 2015, 4th generation Apple TV pre-orders began, and shipments began the following week.[6]

tvOS is extensively based on iOS whereas the system software for the 2nd and 3rd generation Apple TV were based on stripped-down versions of iOS. The 4th generation Apple TV, with support for third-party software via an App Store, was rumored prior to the Apple September 2015 Event held on September 9, 2015.[7][8]

The tvOS logo (2015)
Apple tvOS screenshot
The tvOS user interface, with apps.
DeveloperApple Inc.
Written inC, C++, Swift, and Objective-C
OS family
Working stateCurrent
Source modelClosed with open-source components
Released to
October 29, 2015
Latest release12.3[1] (16M153)[2] (May 13, 2019) [±]
Latest preview12.4 beta 1[3] (16M5526d)[4] (May 15, 2019) [±]
Marketing targetTelevision, casual gaming
Available in71 languages
Update methodFirmware-over-the-air
PlatformsApple TV (4th generation and later)
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
LicenseCommercial proprietary software
Preceded byApple TV Software 7 (based on iOS 8) – 3rd generation Apple TV only
Support status


On October 30, 2015, the 4th generation Apple TV became available, and shipped with tvOS 9.0. On November 9, 2015, tvOS 9.0.1 was released, primarily an update to address minor issues.

tvOS 9.1 was released on December 8, 2015 along with OS X 10.11.2, iOS 9.2, and watchOS 2.1.[9] Along with these updates, Apple also updated the Remote apps on iOS and watchOS, allowing for basic remote functionality for the 4th generation Apple TV (previously, said app only worked with past versions of Apple TV).[10]

On November 25, 2015, Facebook debuted their SDK for tvOS, allowing applications to log into Facebook, share to Facebook, and use Facebook Analytics in the same way that iOS applications can.[11]

On December 2, 2015, Twitter debuted their login authentication service for tvOS – "Digits" – allowing users to log into apps and services with a simple, unique code available online.[12]

On March 11, 2016, The Pangu Team announced on Twitter that they would be creating a new jailbreak tool for the Apple TV 4 running tvOS 9.0–9.0.1 and that it would be released the following week.[13]

On June 13, 2016, at WWDC 2016, Apple SVP of Internet Services Eddy Cue announced the next major version of tvOS, tvOS 10. tvOS 10 brings new functionality such as Siri search enhancements, single sign on for cable subscriptions, a dark mode, and a new Remote application for controlling the Apple TV.


tvOS 9 shipped with several new features on the fourth generation Apple TV. One of the major features was the ability to move through the interface with the new touchpad remote using multi-touch gestures. It introduced a new App Store in which users can download and install new applications (such as apps and games) made available from developers that develop applications for the Apple TV and tvOS. tvOS 9 adds support for Siri, which lets users do a multitude of things such as a cross-application search for a movie/TV show, rewind, fast forward, name and actor/director of the current movie, and skip back 15 seconds. tvOS added support for an application switcher on the Apple TV, more application customization options, cinematic screensavers, and control the TV using the included Siri Remote with the built-in support for HDMI-CEC in tvOS. In addition, tvOS allows the user to control the Apple TV in many different ways. These include using the included Siri Remote, pairing a third-party universal remote, pairing an MFi Gamepad to control games, using the Remote app on iOS, and pairing a Bluetooth keyboard to aid in the typing experience of the user.


tvOS was designed based on iOS, as such tvOS inherited many of the accessibility features of iOS and macOS.

tvOS includes the Apple technologies of VoiceOver, Zoom, and Siri to help the blind and those with impaired vision. VoiceOver, Apple's screen reader, is available in more than 30 languages and enables visually impaired users to know what is on the visual display and input responses to on-screen prompts. VoiceOver uses gestures similar to other Apple products (flicks, taps, and the rotor).

Like other Apple products such as the iPhone with a three click sequence to the home button to activate accessibility features, with Apple TV's tvOS, a user can activate VoiceOver without any installation process. One needs only to triple-click the Menu button on the Siri Remote and the Apple TV will guide the user through the complete initial setup, a task that is non-trivial to the visually impaired in most comparable products on the market.

Another accessibility feature is to increase contrast on the screen which acts by reducing the transparency of background elements on Movie and TV Show pages, menu tabs, and other parts of the operating system. High-contrast can also be turned on, with a cursor to better delineate the focused content. The user can also opt to turn on Reduce Motion which in some screen actions, such as moving between app icons on the Home screen and launching apps are visually simpler which is of benefit to reduce strain on the eyes.

tvOS enables users to watch movies with audio descriptions of what is being shown on the screen. Movies with audio descriptions are displayed with the AD (Audio Description) icon in the iTunes Store for tvOS and in iTunes on a Macintosh or Windows PC.

Pairing a Bluetooth keyboard with the tvOS on the Apple TV enables another accessibility feature that also is an incorporation of VoiceOver. When typing, VoiceOver mirrors with an audio voice, each character pressed on the keyboard and repeated again when it is entered. The Apple TV is designed to work with the Apple Wireless Keyboard or the Apple Magic Keyboard. It will work however with almost any brand of Bluetooth keyboard.

Apple TV with and without tvOS supports closed captioning, so the deaf or hard of hearing can experience TV episodes and feature-length movies. Compatible episodes and movies are denoted with a CC (closed captioning) or SDH (subtitles for the deaf or hard-of-hearing) icon in the iTunes Store either on the Apple TV or in iTunes itself. The viewer can customize the captions in episodes or movies with styles and fonts that are more conducive to their hearing and/or visual impairment.

The Touch surface on the Siri Remote is customizable. Tracking when set to Fast adjusts the thumb movements made to amplify the distance in relation to how far the thumb has moved on the glass touchpad. Conversely when tracking is set to slow, larger movements of the thumb on the touchpad will tune down the distance that is traversed on the screen. This can help people with disabilities.

Apple's Remote app on iOS devices allows control of the Apple TV from an iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch. The iOS remote app increases the accessibility of the Apple TV by enabling Switch Control. Switch Control is a unique Apple technology that enables navigation sequentially through onscreen items and perform specific actions such as selecting, tapping, dragging, typing using third party Bluetooth-enabled switch hardware made for those with handicaps.


tvOS ships with all-new development tools for developers. tvOS adds support for an all-new SDK for developers to build apps for the TV including all of the APIs included in iOS 9 such as Metal. It also adds the tvOS App Store which allows users to browse, download, and install a wide variety of applications. In addition, developers can now use their own interface inside of their application rather than only being able to use Apple's interface. Since tvOS is based on iOS, it is easy to port existing iOS apps to the Apple TV with Xcode while making only a few refinements to the app to better suit the larger screen. Apple provides Xcode free of charge to all registered Apple developers. To develop for the new Apple TV, it is necessary to make a parallax image for the application icon. In order to do this, Apple provides a Parallax exporter and previewer in the development tools for the Apple TV.

Version history

Legend:   Obsolete   Discontinued   Current   Beta

Information about new updates to Apple TV (2nd generation) onwards is published on Apple's knowledge base.[14]

iOS 4

iOS 4.1 was the first version of iOS available on the Apple TV (2nd generation). It included Apple TV Software 4.0.[14]

iOS 5

On October 23, 2011, Apple TV (2nd generation) received the iOS 5.0 software, with My Photo Stream, AirPlay mirroring (from iPhone 4S & iPad 2), NHL, Wall Street Journal, slideshow themes and Netflix subtitles.[14][15] Contrary to rumors and code found in iOS 5, the release did not bring support for Bluetooth or apps to the Apple TV (2nd generation).[16]

iOS 6

On September 24, 2012, Apple TV (2nd generation) onwards received the iOS 6.0 software update, with Shared Photo Streams, iTunes account switching, better AirPlay functionality, and Trailers searching, among other smaller improvements.

iOS 7

On September 20, 2013, Apple TV (second generation) onwards received the iOS 7.0 software update, with iTunes Radio and AirPlay from iCloud.

iOS 8

On September 18, 2014, the third generation Apple TV received the iOS 8.0 software update, with a redesigned UI, Family Sharing and peer-to-peer AirPlay.

tvOS 9

tvOS 9 is an operating system that is 95% based on iOS 9, with adaptations made for a television interface. It was announced on September 9, 2015, alongside the new iPad Pro and iPhone 6S. Tim Cook took the stage and introduced tvOS saying that it was time for the Apple TV to gain a modern OS with support for apps as they are "the future of TV". It will only be available on the Apple TV (4th generation), released in October 2015. It adds a native SDK to develop apps, and an App Store to distribute them, and support for Siri and universal search across multiple apps.

tvOS 12

See also

Other operating systems developed by Apple Inc.


  1. ^ Juli Clover (May 13, 2019). "Apple Releases tvOS 12.3 With Updated TV App". MacRumors. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  2. ^ "tvOS 12.3 (16M153) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  3. ^ Juli Clover (May 15, 2019). "Apple Seeds First Beta of Upcoming tvOS 12.4 Update to Developers". MacRumors. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  4. ^ "tvOS 12.4 beta (16M5526d) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. May 15, 2019. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  5. ^ Welch, Chris. "New Apple TV announced with Siri and App Store, coming in October for $149". The Verge. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  6. ^ "Apple TV: Everything We Know". MacRumors. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  7. ^ "Apple New Apple TV to Start at $149". MacRumors. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Gurman, Mark (August 30, 2015). "Apple TV 4 coming in October for under $200, Apple TV 3 stays & gets new streaming service".
  9. ^ "Mega-Apple update day brings upgrades to OS X, iOS, WatchOS, and tvOS". Retrieved December 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "Your new Apple TV finally works with the Remote app". Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "Facebook Announces tvOS SDK With Login Support". Retrieved December 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "Introducing Digits for tvOS". Digits Blog. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  13. ^ "How-To: Prepare for the Apple TV 4 jailbreak". 9to5Mac. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "About Apple TV (2nd and 3rd generation) software updates". Apple Inc. October 9, 2015. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  15. ^ "Apple TV 4.4 (3140 9A334v) update adds Photo Stream, NHL, and more". October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "Apple TV to gain Bluetooth keyboard support in iOS 5". July 12, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
  17. ^ "Talk:Firmware Keys/2011". October 13, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  18. ^ "Apple - iOS 5 - See new features included in iOS 5". Archived from the original on September 23, 2011.
  19. ^ a b "Apple TV (2nd generation): Upgrading from Apple TV software version 4.4 or 4.4.1". October 24, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
  20. ^ "Apple TV 4.4.2 (9A336a) Update Now Available For Download". October 25, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
  21. ^ "Talk:Firmware Keys/2011". October 24, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  22. ^ Hollington, Jesse (January 30, 2013). "Instant Expert: Secrets & Features of Apple TV 5.2". Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  23. ^ "Apple TV: Using the Apple Wireless Keyboard". Apple. February 7, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  24. ^ Caldwell, Serenity (March 19, 2013). "Apple TV 5.2.1 brings redesigned Hulu Plus app, security fixes". Macworld. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  25. ^ "About the security content of Apple TV 5.2.1". Apple. March 19, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Slivka, Eric (August 27, 2013). "Apple TV Adds Apps for Vevo, Weather Channel, Disney, and Smithsonian Channel". MacRumors. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  27. ^ Apple Insider staff (August 27, 2013). "Apple TV update adds channels for Vevo, Disney, Weather & Smithsonian". AppleInsider. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  28. ^ Gurman, Mark (August 27, 2013). "Apple TV updated with Vevo, Disney Channel, Disney XD, Weather Channel, Smithsonian apps". 9to5mac. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  29. ^ Keller, Joseph (August 27, 2013). "Apple TV adds even more channels, including Disney, Weather, Smithsonian". iMore. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  30. ^ Slivka, Eric (September 26, 2013). "Apple Adds Major League Soccer and Disney Junior Channels to Apple TV". MacRumors. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  31. ^ Welch, Chris (September 26, 2013). "Apple adds Major League Soccer and Disney Junior channels to Apple TV". The Verge. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  32. ^ Clover, Juli (October 22, 2013). "Apple Adds iMovie Theater Channel to Apple TV". MacRumors. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  33. ^ "Amazon Prime Video app rolling out to Apple TV App Store". 9to5Mac. December 6, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
  34. ^ "Apple TV Software 7.3 (12H847) - Releases - Apple Developer". May 13, 2019.
  35. ^ Hall, Zac (February 23, 2016). "tvOS 9.2 solves major user experience issue with Siri Remote for Apple TV". Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  36. ^ Clover, Juli (February 22, 2016). "Apple Seeds Fourth Beta of tvOS 9.2 to Developers". Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  37. ^ "tvOS Preview". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on July 10, 2016.
  38. ^ Apple TV Adds Dolby Atmos to 200 Movies. HD Report. October 7, 2018

External links


AVFoundation is a framework with an Objective-C interface, which provides high-level services for working with time-based audiovisual media on Apple operating systems: iOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS. It was first introduced in iOS 2.2 and has seen significant changes in iOS 4, iOS 5 and iOS 6. Starting with Mac OS X Lion, it is now the default media framework for the macOS platform.

App Store (tvOS)

The App Store is a digital distribution platform, developed and maintained by Apple Inc., for tvOS apps on its Apple TV digital media player. It was announced on September 9, 2015 at the Apple September 2015 event, alongside the 4th generation Apple TV.

Apple Arcade

Apple Arcade is a video game subscription service announced at the Apple Special Event on March 25, 2019 by Apple Inc. It is set to release on iOS, macOS, and tvOS in fall 2019.

Apple Developer

Apple Developer, formerly Apple Developer Connection or ADC, is Apple Inc.'s developer network. It is designed to make available resources to help software developers write software for the macOS, tvOS, watchOS, and iOS platforms. Those applications are created in Xcode or other programs that are not created by Apple Inc.. Then iOS applications are uploaded on the App Store (iOS), watchOS applications are attached to some iOS applications, and tvOS applications are uploaded to the App Store (tvOS). For Mac applications, it’s more common to find them on the World Wide Web to download or on the App Store (macOS).

Apple File System

Apple File System (APFS) is a proprietary file system for macOS High Sierra (10.13) and later, iOS 10.3 and later, tvOS 10.2 and later, and watchOS 3.2 and later, developed and deployed by Apple Inc. It aims to fix core problems of HFS+ (also called Mac OS Extended), APFS's predecessor on these operating systems. Apple File System is optimized for flash and solid-state drive storage, with a primary focus on encryption.

Apple Photos

Apple Photos (or simply Photos) is a photo management and editing application developed by Apple. It was released as a bundled app in iOS 8 on September 17, 2014—replacing the Camera Roll—and released as a bundled app to OS X Yosemite users in the 10.10.3 update on April 8, 2015. It was released for tvOS 10 on September 13, 2016.

Apple TV

Apple TV is a digital media player and microconsole developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small network appliance and entertainment device that can receive digital data such as music, video, or the screen display from an Mac or iOS device from specific sources and stream it to a television set or other video display.

Apple TV is an HDMI-compliant source device. To use it for viewing, it has to be connected to an enhanced-definition or high-definition widescreen television via an HDMI cable. The device has no integrated controls and can only be controlled externally, either by an Apple Remote or Siri Remote control device (with which it is sold) using its infrared/Bluetooth capability, by the Apple TV Remote app (downloadable from App Store) on iOS devices, such as the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and Apple Watch, using its Wi-Fi capability, or by some third-party infrared remotes.Its Wi-Fi capability is also used to receive digital content from various iOS apps using AirPlay or directly from the iTunes Store, which is then streamed to the TV. It also plays digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Stan, Foxtel Now, Hulu, Now TV (UK only), SlingTV, PlayStation Vue, Amazon Prime Video, DirecTV, YouTube, Red Bull TV, and Vevo along with HBO Now, Showtime Anytime, Starz, and the TV Everywhere portals of several cable and broadcast networks, and the video subscription portals of all of the four major North American sports leagues: NFL TV app,, NBA League Pass, and It plays content from any macOS or Windows computer running iTunes. Apple began to promote the Live Tune-In feature that allows the viewer to ask Siri to tune to live streams of CBS, ESPN, and Disney XD among many others that support Live Tune-In.

According to observers, Apple's March 2019 special event highlighted the company's reorientation of its focus away from the Apple TV hardware, which has lagged competitors with only 13% of U.S. connected TV market share, and apps on the set-top box, and instead turn toward higher revenue Apple-distributed video streaming that will be available even through competitors' devices, via the company's upcoming Apple TV+ original content service and Apple TV Channels a la carte premium video on demand subscription aggregating service.

Apple TV (software)

TV (officially known as the Apple TV app, or just the TV app) is a media player app developed by Apple Inc., originally exclusive to the namesake Apple TV microconsole and devices running iOS, and slated for 2019 offering on Mac computers, numerous smart television models, Roku devices, and Amazon Fire TV devices.It provides a listing of television shows available on video on demand applications from national broadcast networks. It also serves as a media player for television shows and films purchased in the iTunes Store, replacing the "Videos" application on earlier versions of iOS. The app was first introduced in the United States, preinstalled on tvOS 10.1 and iOS 10.2 on December 12, 2016. It was later introduced in Australia and Canada in tvOS 11 and iOS 11, on September 19, 2017. And introduced later on Brazil and Mexico in iOS 11.3, on March 30, 2018.

With updates slated for release in 2019, the app will also function as a central hub for Apple's Apple TV+ service, featuring original content created by Apple and its partners, and its Apple TV Channels service, which will aggregate a la carte video on demand content from popular subscription services including HBO and Showtime.

Cocoa Touch

Cocoa Touch is a UI framework for building software programs to run on iOS for the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad, watchOS for the Apple Watch, and tvOS for the fourth-generation Apple TV, from Apple Inc.

Cocoa Touch provides an abstraction layer of iOS, the operating system for the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad. Cocoa Touch is based on the macOS Cocoa API toolset and, like it, is primarily written in the Objective-C language. Cocoa Touch allows the use of hardware and features that are not found in macOS computers and are thus unique to the iOS range of devices. Just like Cocoa, Cocoa Touch follows a Model-View-Controller (MVC) software architecture.

Cocoa Touch contains a different set of graphical control elements from Cocoa. Tools for developing applications based on Cocoa Touch are included in the iOS SDK.

Core Animation

Core Animation is a graphics compositing framework used by macOS (Mac OS X Leopard and later), iOS, watchOS, and tvOS to produce animated user interfaces.

List of Apple operating systems

The following is a list of operating systems released by Apple Inc.


Livestream is a video live streaming platform that allows customers to broadcast live video content using a camera and a computer through the Internet, and viewers to play the content via the web, iOS, Android, Roku, and the Apple TV. Livestream requires a paid subscription for content providers to use; it formerly offered a free ad-supported service but no longer does so as of 2016.Livestream customers include Spotify, Gannett, World Economic Forum, Tesla, SpaceX, the NBA, RISD, Clinton Global Initiative, over 200 local TV affiliates, and thousands of others.


NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX. It was developed by NeXT Computer in the late 1980s and early 1990s and was initially used for its range of proprietary workstation computers such as the NeXTcube. It was later ported to several other computer architectures.

Although relatively unsuccessful at the time, it attracted interest from computer scientists and researchers. It was used as the original platform for the development of the Electronic AppWrapper, the first commercial electronic software distribution catalog to collectively manage encryption and provide digital rights for application software and digital media, a forerunner of the modern "app store" concept. It was also the platform on which Tim Berners-Lee created the first web browser, and on which id Software developed the video game Doom.

After the purchase of NeXT by Apple, it became the source of the popular operating systems macOS, iOS, watchOS, tvOS, and audioOS. Many bundled macOS applications, such as TextEdit, Mail, and Chess, are descendants of NeXTSTEP applications.

Periscope (app)

Periscope is a live video streaming app for Android and iOS developed by Kayvon Beykpour and Joe Bernstein and acquired by Twitter before launch in 2015.

Plex (software)

Plex is a client-server media player system and software suite comprising two main components. The Plex Media Server desktop application runs on Windows, macOS and Linux-compatibles including some types of NAS devices. The server desktop application organizes video, audio and photos from a user's collections and from online services, enabling the players to access and stream the contents. There are also official clients available for mobile devices, smart TVs, and streaming boxes, a web app, and Plex Home Theater (no longer maintained), as well as many third-party alternatives.

Plex sells a premium service called Plex Pass, with features like synchronization with mobile devices, cloud storage integration, metadata and matchings for music, support for multiple users, parental controls, live TV and DVR, trailers and extras and cross-selling offers.


Siri (pronounced ) is a virtual assistant that is part of Apple Inc.'s iOS, watchOS, macOS, tvOS and audioOS operating systems. The assistant uses voice queries and a natural-language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests to a set of Internet services. The software adapts to users' individual language usages, searches, and preferences, with continuing use. Returned results are individualized.

Siri is a spin-off from a project originally developed by the SRI International Artificial Intelligence Center. Its speech recognition engine was provided by Nuance Communications, and Siri uses advanced machine learning technologies to function. Its original American, British, and Australian voice actors recorded their respective voices around 2005, unaware of the recordings' eventual usage in Siri. The voice assistant was released as an app for iOS in February 2010, and it was acquired by Apple two months later. Siri was then integrated into iPhone 4S at its release in October 2011. At that time, the separate app was also removed from the iOS App Store. Siri has since become an integral part of Apple's products, having been adapted into other hardware devices over the years, including newer iPhone models, as well as iPad, iPod Touch, Mac, AirPods, Apple TV, and HomePod.

Siri supports a wide range of user commands, including performing phone actions, checking basic information, scheduling events and reminders, handling device settings, searching the Internet, navigating areas, finding information on entertainment, and is able to engage with iOS-integrated apps. With the release of iOS 10 in 2016, Apple opened up limited third-party access to Siri, including third-party messaging apps, as well as payments, ride-sharing, and Internet calling apps. With the release of iOS 11, Apple updated Siri's voices for more clear, human voices, started supporting follow-up questions and language translation, and additional third-party actions.

Siri's original release on iPhone 4S in 2011 received mixed reviews. It received praise for its voice recognition and contextual knowledge of user information, including calendar appointments, but was criticized for requiring stiff user commands and having a lack of flexibility. It was also criticized for lacking information on certain nearby places, and for its inability to understand certain English accents. In 2016 and 2017, a number of media reports have indicated that Siri is lacking in innovation, particularly against new competing voice assistants from other technology companies. The reports concerned Siri's limited set of features, "bad" voice recognition, and undeveloped service integrations as causing trouble for Apple in the field of artificial intelligence and cloud-based services; the basis for the complaints reportedly due to stifled development, as caused by Apple's prioritization of user privacy and executive power struggles within the company.

The Weather Network

The Weather Network (TWN) is a Canadian media company. It delivers weather information on television, digital platforms (responsive websites, mobile and tablet applications) and TV apps. Currently, The Weather Network is available in Canada, the U.S. and the UK. Additionally, The Weather Network has successful weather counterpart brands which include MétéoMédia (French-Canadian), Eltiempo (Spain), Wetter Plus (Germany) and Clima (Latin America).

The company is owned by Pelmorex Media which is headquartered in a 100,000 square foot media centre located in Oakville, Ontario, Canada. The company continues to grow on a global scale, while maintaining its status in the Canadian market.

Their specialty television networks are among the most widely distributed and frequently consulted television networks in Canada, is among Canada's leading web services, and their mobile web property is ranked #1 in the weather category and the second largest mobile website in Canada.


VoiceOver is a screen reader built into Apple Inc.'s macOS, iOS, tvOS, watchOS, and iPod operating systems. By using VoiceOver, the user can access their Macintosh or iOS device based on spoken descriptions and, in the case of the Mac, the keyboard. The feature is designed to increase accessibility for blind and low-vision users, as well as for users with dyslexia.


Xcode is an integrated development environment (IDE) for macOS containing a suite of software development tools developed by Apple for developing software for macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. First released in 2003, the latest stable release is version 10.2 and is available via the Mac App Store free of charge for macOS High Sierra and macOS Mojave users. Registered developers can download preview releases and prior versions of the suite through the Apple Developer website.

Table of versions: iOS 4.x – Apple TV (2nd generation)
iOS Version Apple TV Software Build Release date Features
4.1 4.0 8M89 2010-09-01
  • Initial release on Apple TV (2nd generation)
4.2 4.1 8C150 (1539) 2010-11-22
4.2.1 4.1.1 8C154 (1553) 2010-12-14

Bug fixes

  • Addresses an issue that causes some high-definition TVs to incorrectly display at 480p.
  • Addresses an issue that may cause a movie or TV show to be re-downloaded.[14]
4.3 4.2 8F191m (2060) 2011-03-09
  • AirPlay video support for third party apps on iDevices.
  • New slideshow themes: View photos with the new Scrapbook, Photo Mobile, and Holiday Mobile slideshow themes.
  • Improved on-screen keyboard: Search and enter names and passwords more easily with the redesigned on-screen keyboard.
  • Enjoy Dolby Digital 5.1 surround sound when watching Netflix.
4.2.1 8F202 (2100) 2011-03-22

Bug fixes

  • Addresses issues that may cause the screen to flicker or display incorrect colour on some older TVs.
  • Addresses an issue where Apple TV may not wake up from sleep.
  • Addresses an issue where audio may not be heard on some TV models after switching from another input.
  • Apple TV Software 4.2.1 includes stability and performance fixes for Apple TV.[14]
4.2.2 8F305 (2203) 2011-05-11

Bug fixes

  • Addresses an issue in which audio is not output when playing some video content.
  • Addresses an issue in which video is not displayed when playing some content.
  • Adds an audio output setting for switching to 16-bit audio for compatibility with some TVs and AV receivers.
  • Improves the performance of fast-forwarding and rewinding live events.
  • Addresses an issue in which the description information is not displayed for some movies.
  • Addresses an issue in which YouTube subscription videos are not ordered by date.
4.3 8F455 (2557) 2011-08-01
  • Ability to watch videos from Vimeo.
  • US-only feature: streams purchased TV shows from iTunes on Apple TV (and past purchases); formerly, only rentals were available.
Table of versions: iOS 5.x – Apple TV (2nd and 3rd generations)
iOS Version Apple TV Software Build Release date Features
5.0 4.4 9A334v (3140)[17] 2011-10-12
  • Coincides with iOS 5 for portable iOS devices.
  • Photo Stream.
  • AirPlay mirroring for iPad 2 and iPhone 4S.[18]
  • Wall Street Journal.
  • New Slideshow themes.
  • Netflix subtitles.

Upgrading from this version resets the device to factory settings as part of the upgrade process.[19]

4.4.1 9A335a (3150) 2011-10-17

Bug fixes

  • Upgrading from this version resets the device to factory settings as part of the upgrade process.[19]
4.4.2[20] 9A336a (3160)[21] 2011-10-24
  • Audio playback: addresses an issue in which audio is not output when playing some video content.
  • Video playback: addresses an issue in which video is not displayed when playing some content.
  • Audio output setting: adds an audio output setting for switching to 16-bit audio for compatibility with some TVs and AV receivers.
  • Live FF/RW improvements: improves the performance of fast-forwarding and rewinding live events.
  • Movie description: addresses an issue in which the description information is not displayed for some movies.
  • YouTube video order: addresses an issue in which YouTube subscription videos were not ordered by date.
5.0.1 4.4.3 9A405l (3323) 2011-11-17
  • Added support for Netflix in Mexico.
  • Addresses an issue in which audio may not play through the optical port when the TV is turned off.
4.4.4 9A406a (3330) 2011-12-15
  • General performance and stability improvements, including a fix for an issue that displayed an error when playing some video content.
5.1 5.0 9B179b (4099) 2012-03-07
  • Initial release on Apple TV (3rd generation).
  • Support for 1080p video resolution.A3
  • Completely redesigned menus.
    • Content categories now resemble iOS app icons.
    • Third-party apps (Netflix, YouTube, NBA, Flickr, etc.) have their own icon.
  • Ability to create a Netflix account.
5.1.1 5.0.1 9B206f (4224) 2012-05-10
  • Previews for movies and TV shows from the iTunes Store can now be viewed in HD.
  • Fixes an issue that caused some iOS apps to have trouble connecting via AirPlay.
  • Improves the reliability of Home Sharing connections.
  • Addresses an issue affecting Netflix login and navigation.
  • Includes fixes for issues affecting stability and performance.
5.0.2 9B830 (4250) 2012-06-05
  • Addresses an issue which caused content restrictions to be incorrectly applied for the iTunes Store in Australia.
Table of versions: iOS 6.x – Apple TV (2nd and 3rd generations)
iOS Version Apple TV Software Build Release date Features
6.0 5.1 10A406E (5201) 2012-09-24
  • Shared Photo Streams: Accept invitations for Shared Photo Streams, browse photos and comments, and receive notifications of new content.
  • AirPlay: Send audio content from Apple TV to AirPlay-enabled speakers/devices (including AirPort Express and other Apple TVs). Also includes the ability to require an onscreen code to use AirPlay with Apple TV.
  • iTunes account switching: Save multiple iTunes accounts and switch quickly between them.
  • Trailers: Search for movie trailers. In the United States, see show times for local theaters.
  • Screen savers: New Cascade, Shrinking Tiles, and Sliding Panels screen savers.
  • Main menu: Reorder icons on the second page by holding down the select button on the remote.
  • Subtitles: SDH support for the hearing-impaired; improvements to viewing and selecting subtitles.
  • Network configuration: Support for setting up advanced network options using configuration profiles.
  • Stability and performance: Includes general performance and stability improvements.
6.0.1 5.1.1 10A831 (5433) 2012-11-29
  • Adds support for Up Next with iTunes 11 or iTunes Match.
  • Includes performance and stability improvements with the iTunes Store, AirPlay, Netflix, iTunes Match, and wired ethernet connections.
6.1 5.2 10B144b (6010.96)[22] 2013-01-28
  • Initial release on Apple TV (3rd generation Revision A).
  • Bluetooth keyboards: Adds support for some Bluetooth keyboards (including Apple Wireless Keyboard).[23]
  • iTunes in the Cloud: Browse and play purchased iTunes music directly from iCloud.
  • Airplay: Send stereo audio from video content on Apple TV to AirPlay-enabled speakers/devices (including AirPort Express and other Apple TVs).
  • Stability and performance: Includes general performance and stability improvements.
6.1.3 5.2.1 10B329a (6025) 2013-03-19
  • Hulu Plus app: Completely redesigned, adds support for closed-captioning.[24]
  • iTunes in the Cloud: Adds support for Music in the Cloud in Japan and Israel.[14]
  • Stability and performance: Including improvements for software update, subtitles, and general performance.[14]
  • Security Fixes.[25]
6.1.4 5.3 10B809 (6105) 2013-06-19
  • Third-party content: Adds support for Crunchyroll, ESPN, HBO GO, Qello, and Sky News (some sources depend on country).
  • iTunes Store: Improves reliability of signing into the iTunes Store and playing purchased content.

Further channels added on August 27, 2013, without a software update: Vevo, Weather Channel, Disney Channel, Disney XD, and Smithsonian Channel[26][27][28] (some sources depend on country)[29]

Table of versions: iOS 7.x – Apple TV (2nd and 3rd generations)
iOS version Apple TV Software Build Release date Features
7.0.1 / 7.0.2 6.0 11A470e/11A502 2013-09-23
  • iTunes Radio
    • Create user radio stations and listen to them ad-free with iTunes Match (US and Australia only).
  • iTunes Store
    • Browse, purchase, and play music directly from the iTunes Store.
  • iCloud Photos
    • Adds support to play video from a shared Photo Stream and view Photo Streams from multiple contributors.
  • AirPlay from iCloud
    • Apple TV will play content from iTunes In The Cloud instead of user AirPlay device when possible (needs iOS 7 on AirPlay device).
  • Podcasts
    • Sync user podcasts and podcast stations across Apple TV and all user iOS devices.
  • iMovie Theater
    • Stream user iMovie creations instantly in high definition from iCloud (needs latest version of iMovie for iOS or Mac and an iCloud account).
  • Subtitles & Captioning
    • Automatic subtitle selection based on Apple TV language setting, with customizable closed caption style.
  • Conference Room Display
    • Lock Apple TV into Conference Room Display (for business and education environments) and show onscreen instructions for using AirPlay.
  • Software update
    • Keep Apple TV always updated by automatically installing software updates when available.
  • Setup
    • Use an iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch with iOS 7 to automatically transfer network settings, user Apple ID, and language preferences to Apple TV (3rd generation) (not available on iPhone 4 or iPad 2).

Third-party US-only content added on September 26, 2013, without a software update: Major League Soccer (MLS) and Disney Junior.[30][31]

iMovie Theater app was added on October 22, 2013, without a software update.[32]

7.0.3 6.0.1 11B511d 2013-10-25
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.[14]
7.0.4 / 7.0.6 6.0.2 11B554a/11B651 2013-11-14
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.[14]
  • Security (11B651 build only)
    • Provides a fix for SSL connection verification.
7.1 6.1 11D169b March 10, 2014
  • Main menu
    • Includes ability to make hiding channels easier[14]
  • AirPlay
    • Security option for iOS devices or Macs to require verifying via a one-time, onscreen code before using AirPlay (needs iOS 7.1 or later on an iOS device, or OS X 10.9.2 or later on a Mac).[14]
    • Adds support to allow an AirPlay device to discover Apple TV over Bluetooth in environments where multicast or Bonjour traffic is blocked on the network or the AirPlay device is on a different subnet.[14]
  • Remote app
    • View purchased TV Shows and Movies in the Remote app and tap to play them instantly on Apple TV.[14]
    • Create and play iTunes Radio stations (needs Remote app version 4.2 or later).[14]
  • Stability and performance
    • Bug fixes, general performance and stability improvements.[14]
7.1.1 6.1.1 11D201c April 22, 2014
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.[14]
7.1.2 6.2 11D257c June 30, 2014
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.[14]
  • iTunes Extras
    • Added ability to explore deleted scenes, photos, cast and crew, and more with select iTunes movie purchases. (Only available for HD purchases)[14]
6.2.1 11D258 September 17, 2014

Final release on Apple TV (2nd generation)

As of May 2015, the YouTube app only works on newer Apple TVs that have software 7.2 or later due to an API change implemented by Google.

  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.[14]
Table of versions: iOS 8.x – Apple TV (3rd generation)
iOS Version Apple TV Software Build Release date Features
8.0 7.0 12A365b September 17, 2014
  • UI
    • Redesigned UI that adopts a similar look to the "flat" look that is presented in iOS 8 and OS X Yosemite.
    • UI redesign includes redesigned icons and borders, menus, and many of the controls inside many of the apps that are included with the Apple TV.
  • Family Sharing
    • Adds support for a service of sharing purchases from iTunes between up to 6 people.
    • Supports iTunes music, video, podcasts, and TV show purchases.
    • All group members must pay for family purchases with the same credit/debit card.
    • Ask To Buy – parents can approve a child's spending from the parent's device.
  • Descriptive Video Services
    • Hear descriptive video with a new accessibility feature support select iTunes movies and TV shows.
  • Peer-to-peer AirPlay
    • Guests can AirPlay from their Mac or iOS device directly to an Apple TV without connecting to a wireless network (needs ATV 3 Rev-A (A1469), iPhone 4S and later; iPad 2 and later; and iPod Touch (5th generation) running iOS 8 or a Mac running OS X Yosemite (10.10) or later).A3R
  • Beats Music
    • Beats Music has now been shut down in favor of Apple Music, which requires an Apple TV 4 running tvOS 9.0 or later.
8.1 7.0.1 12B410a October 20, 2014
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes.
8.1.1 7.0.2 12B440 November 17, 2014
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes.
8.1.3 7.0.3 12B466 January 27, 2015
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes.
8.2 7.1 12D508 March 9, 2015
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes.
8.3 7.2 12F69 April 8, 2015

As of May 2015, the YouTube app only works on Apple TVs that have software 7.2 or later due to an API change implemented by Google.

  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes
Post-Apple TV (4th generation) updates
8.4 7.2.1 12H523 February 25, 2016
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes
8.4.1 7.2.2 12H606 December 12, 2016
  • Stability and performance
    • Includes general performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes

Amazon Video was automatically added to Apple TVs running 7.2.2 on December 6, 2017.[33]

8.4.2 7.3 12H847[34] May 13, 2019 Apple TV Software 7.3 brings the updated TV app to provide support for Apple TV+ services. It also includes support for AirPlay from your apps to Apple TV (3rd generation) only.
Table of versions: tvOS 9.x – Apple TV (4th generation)
tvOS version iOS version based on Build Release date Features
9.0 9.0 13T396 October 29, 2015

Initial release on Apple TV (4th generation).

  • User Interface
    • Introduces a new user interface that uses lighter colors and transparency, adds support for control via an all new remote. This remote can be used to navigate the user interface by using multi-touch gestures on the trackpad on the remote rather than physical buttons.
  • App Store/SDK
    • Adds support for an all new SDK for developers to build apps for the TV including all of the APIs included in iOS 9 such as Metal.
    • Adds an App Store which allows users to browse, download, and install a wide variety of applications from things such as games, video applications, etc.
    • Developers can now use their own interface inside of their application rather than only being able to use Apple's interface.
  • Siri
    • Adds support for Siri which can be toggled by pressing the microphone button on the remote.
    • Siri, beyond all of its iOS abilities, can take many voice commands tailored for the TV, such as a cross-application search for a movie/TV show, rewind, fast forward, name and actor/director of the current movie, and even skip back 15 seconds.
  • Experience
    • It is now possible to switch between two applications by double-clicking the trackpad on the remote and scrolling to the desired application.
    • Users can now customize the home screen by placing any applications they wish on the top row, including third-party types.
    • New cinematic screen savers display time-lapse images of scenic cities when the Apple TV is asleep.
    • It is now possible to control the volume of the TV and turn it on/off using just the new Siri Remote and the built in support for HDMI CEC in TVOS.
  • Third-Party Controllers
    • Adds support for pairing third-party Bluetooth game controllers in order to play games.
  • Apple Music
    • Adds Apple Music support for Apple TV.
9.0.1 9.1 13T402 November 9, 2015
  • General performance and stability improvements.
9.1 9.2 13U85 December 8, 2015
  • Adds support for controlling Apple Music with Siri.
  • Adds support for controlling the Apple TV with the Remote app for iOS and Apple Watch.
  • Improvements to networking and scrolling.
9.1.1 9.2.1 13U717 January 25, 2016
  • General performance and stability improvements
  • Adds the Podcasts app to the Apple TV
9.2 9.3 13Y234 March 21, 2016
  • Adds support for folders on the Apple TV.
    • A folder can be made by selecting an app, clicking and holding on the touchpad, clicking the Play/Pause button, and then choosing "New Folder" from the popup menu.
  • Adds the ability to pair Bluetooth keyboards with the 4th Generation Apple TV
  • Adds a redesigned application switcher similar to the one found in iOS 9 rather than the one found in iOS 8 as TVOS 9.1 contained.
  • Adds support for iCloud Photo Library and Live Photos
  • Enables developers to add maps to their applications with the use of the MapKit API.
  • Siri/Voice Dictation
    • Adds support for Voice Dictation to enable users to enter text in text fields using their voice. Voice Dictation can be invoked by selecting the text field and pressing the Siri button on the Siri Remote.
    • Adds Support for searching the App Store on the Apple TV using Siri.
    • Adds support for new Siri languages which include Spanish(United States), French(Canada), and English(United Kingdom and Australia).
  • Remote operability improvements
    • In order to rewind/fast forward the video in tvOS 9.2, it is now necessary to click the touchpad before swiping left or right.[35]
    • Updates the remote firmware which includes improved motion sensor performance and support for additional sound bar and receiver hardware.[36]
  • Enhancements to speed and performance.
9.2.1 9.3.2 13Y772 May 16, 2016
  • General performance and stability improvements.
9.2.2 9.3.3 13Y825 July 18, 2016
  • General performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes.
Table of versions: tvOS 10.x – Apple TV (4th generation)
tvOS version iOS version based on Build Release date Features


10.0 14T330 September 13, 2016
  • User Interface
    • Adds the option for users to select between a bright mode or a new dark mode.[37]
    • Adds support for app notification badge icons on the tvOS home screen.
  • Siri
    • Support for searching YouTube for content using Siri.
    • Support for searching for content by topic.
  • Photos
    • Adds support for the new Photos app available in iOS 10 which adds a new feature called Memories
  • Music
    • Update the UI of Apple Music to match the UI of Apple Music on iOS 10 and macOS Sierra.
  • Control
    • When users start typing on the Apple TV using the Siri Remote, their iPhone on iOS 10 or later gives them a lockscreen notification that allows for text entry, even without the remote app installed on the iOS device.
    • No longer requires developers to provide support for the Siri Remote in games. A game can now make a third-party MFI controller required for gameplay.
  • HomeKit
    • Allows the control of HomeKit accessories from the Apple TV.
  • Developer Tools
    • Adds many new APIs that developers can take advantage of on tvOS such as ReplayKit, SpriteKit, SceneKit, and more.


10.1 14U71
October 24, 2016
November 14, 2016 (14U100)
  • General performance and stability improvements.
  • Bug fixes.


10.2 14U593 December 12, 2016
  • General performance and stability improvements.
  • New "TV" app
  • Added "Single Sign-On"


10.2.1 14U712a January 23, 2017
  • General performance and stability improvements.


10.3 14W265 March 27, 2017
  • Adds support for Apple File System (APFS)
  • General performance and stability improvements


10.3.2 14W585a May 15, 2017

Security and Bug Fixes


10.3.3 14W756 July 19, 2017

Security and Bug Fixes

Table of versions: tvOS 11.x – Apple TV (4th and 5th generations)
tvOS version iOS version based on Build Release date Features
11.0 11.0 15J381 September 19, 2017
  • Initial release on Apple TV 4K (5th generation).
  • Control
    • Adds option to reprogram the TV button on Siri remote to open the TV app or to return to the home screen.
    • Adds support for controlling via Control Center from devices running iOS 11.
  • Experience
    • Apple AirPods automatically connect when paired with a device signed in with the same iCloud account.
    • Option for automatic switching between light and dark mode based on time of day.
    • Adds Home Screen Sync option that synchronizes apps and home screens across Apple TVs signed in with the same iCloud account.
    • Double tapping Siri remote will zoom in on pillarboxed or letterboxed video to fill frame.
    • Tapping timeline a second time will switch to a time-of-day display.
  • Developer tools
    • Increases maximum On-Demand Resource bundle size to 4 GB from 200 MB.
    • Adds support for HEVC and HEIF, hardware decoding on Apple TV 4K and software decoding on Apple TV (4th generation).
11.1 11.1 15J582 October 31, 2017 Includes bug fixes and security improvements
11.2 11.2 15K106 December 4, 2017 The update includes support for switching the Apple TV 4K display output to SDR for apps that are GPU-bound when running in HDR and it re-introduces the Unwatched category in Home Sharing for Movies, TV Shows, and Home Videos.
11.2.1 11.2.1 15K152 December 13, 2017 Includes bug fixes and security improvements
11.2.5 11.2.5 15K552 January 23, 2018 Includes bug fixes and security improvements
11.2.6 11.2.6 15K600 February 19, 2018 Includes bug fixes and security improvements
11.3 11.3 15L211 March 29, 2018 tvOS 11.3 beta provides Dolby Vision support for certain Sony 2017 4K HDR televisions with the X1 Extreme processor.
11.4 11.4 15L577 May 29, 2018 AirPlay 2
  • Listen to your favorite songs across every Apple TV, HomePod, and AirPlay 2-compatible speaker you have in your home. Or play something different in every room at the same time.
11.4.1 11.4.1 15M73 July 9, 2018
Table of versions: tvOS 12.x – Apple TV (4th and 5th generations)
tvOS version iOS version based on Build Release date Features
12.0 12.0 16J364 September 17, 2018
  • Audio
  • Experience
    • Adds support for Zero Sign-On automatic television app authentication with supported cable providers.
    • Adds password AutoFill from iPhones and iPads running iOS 12.
    • Adds new aerial screensavers.
  • Developer tools
    • Adds support for home control systems that include Control4, Crestron, and Savant.
    • Adds support for third-party remotes including Siri support.
12.0.1 12.0 16J380 September 24, 2018
12.1 12.1 16J602 October 30, 2018
12.1.1 12.1.1 16K45 December 5, 2018
12.1.2 12.1.3 16K534 January 22, 2019
12.2 12.2 16L226 March 25, 2019
12.2.1 12.2 16L250 April 10, 2019
12.3 12.3 16M153 May 13, 2019
12.4 Beta 1 12.4 Beta 1 16M5526d May 15, 2019
iOS and iOS-based products
Apple II/III/Lisa
Other devices
Apple TV
iPhone /iPod Touch / iPad
Apple Watch
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