Turner Entertainment

Turner Entertainment Company, Inc. is an American multimedia company founded by Ted Turner. Purchased by Time Warner in 1996, along with Turner Broadcasting System (TBS), the company was largely responsible for overseeing the TBS library for worldwide distribution. In recent years, this role has largely been limited to being the copyright holder, as it has become an in-name-only subsidiary[1] of Warner Bros., which administers their library.[2]

Turner Entertainment Company, Inc.
Subsidiary
FoundedAugust 4, 1986
FounderTed Turner
ParentTurner Broadcasting System (1986–1996)
Warner Bros. (1996-present)

Background

On March 25, 1986, Ted Turner and his Turner Broadcasting System purchased Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer from Kirk Kerkorian for $600 million, and renamed it MGM Entertainment Company, Inc. However, due to concerns in the financial community over the debt-load of his companies, on August 26, 1986, he was forced to sell MGM back to Kerkorian for approximately $300 million.[3] However, Turner kept MGM's film, television and cartoon library as well as a small portion of the United Artists library, forming Turner Entertainment Company, Inc.[4][5] The library also included the pre-1950 Warner Bros. titles, the Fleischer Studios/Famous Studios Popeye cartoons originally released by Paramount Pictures, the US/Canadian/Latin American/Australian distribution rights to the RKO Radio Pictures library, and most of the Gilligan's Island television franchise (not counting TV movie sequels now owned by other companies).[6] In December 1987, Turner acquired the worldwide rights through license, to 800 RKO films from its then-parent company Wesray Capital Corporation.[7]

On October 3, 1988, Turner Broadcasting launched the TNT network, and later Turner Classic Movies to use their former MGM/UA library. In doing so, Turner has played a major part in film preservation and restoration. By broadcasting such classic films as The Wizard of Oz, Casablanca, Singin' in the Rain, Gone with the Wind, Citizen Kane, King Kong, Easter Parade and the original The Jazz Singer, on numerous Turner affiliated cable channels, as well as in showing them in revival movie houses and home video around the world, Turner introduces a new generation to these films and makes sure these films are not forgotten.

On November 29, 1989, Turner made another attempt to buy MGM/UA, but the deal failed, and Turner formed Turner Pictures and Turner Pictures Worldwide instead.[8]

In 1991, Turner purchased Hanna-Barbera Productions and most of the pre-1991 Ruby-Spears Productions library from Great American Broadcasting.[9] Shortly after Turner Broadcasting launched Cartoon Network, and later Boomerang, to use its vast animation library.

In 1993, Turner purchased Castle Rock Entertainment and New Line Cinema.[10][11][12]

Turner Entertainment self-distributed much of its library for the first decade of its existence, but on October 10, 1996, Turner Broadcasting was purchased by Time Warner and its distribution functions were largely absorbed into Warner Bros. and as a result, Turner is now an in-name-only subsidiary of Warner, serving merely as a copyright holder for a portion of their library. Hanna-Barbera's current purpose as the in-name only unit of Warner Bros. Animation is to serve as the copyright holder for its creations such as The Flintstones, Scooby-Doo and Yogi Bear while Warner Bros. handle sales and merchandising.

Production company

Turner Entertainment, as a production company, also creates original in-house programming, such as documentaries about the films it owns, new animated material based on Tom & Jerry and other related cartoon properties, and once produced made-for-TV movies, miniseries, and theatrical films such as Gettysburg, Tom and Jerry: The Movie, Fallen, The Pagemaster and Cats Don't Dance under the Turner Pictures banner. Turner also had an international distribution sales unit, Turner Pictures Worldwide Distribution. Turner Pictures folded into Warner Bros. after the Turner-Time Warner merger, and currently holds the distribution rights to the films made by the production division.

The Pagemaster and Cats Don't Dance were produced under Turner Feature Animation, Turner's animation unit headed by David Kirschner and Paul Gertz.[13] Spun off from the feature division of Hanna-Barbera Productions, Turner Feature Animation was folded into Warner Bros. Feature Animation, which was then merged into Warner Bros. Animation.

Turner also had a television unit called Turner Program Services which had run until 1996 when it was rebranded as Telepictures Distribution which distributed Mama's Family and all TPS shows after 1996. In 2003, Telepictures Distribution was folded into Warner Bros. Television Distribution which meant Telepictures took over all series that were first run and distributed by TD.

Home video

In the first decade of its existence, Turner released most of its own catalogue on home video through Turner Home Entertainment (THE). However, the MGM and Warner film libraries which Turner owned were still distributed by MGM/UA Home Video along with THE until their rights expired in 1999, while THE handled the home video distribution of titles from the RKO library. THE released films produced by Turner Pictures on home video with their distributors and independently released the Hanna-Barbera cartoon library on home video.

THE also released World Championship Wrestling pay-per-view events, wrestler profiles, and "Best Of" packages on video until the demise of WCW in 2001; the WCW video library, along with the rights to the WCW name and certain talent contracts, were sold to the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now known as WWE) in March 2001.[14][15][16]

From early 1995 to early 1997, THE also distributed home video releases from New Line Home Video, taking over from Columbia TriStar Home Video as well as PBS programs (taking over from the defunct Pacific Arts). NLHE distributed New Line films on video by itself from 1997 until the Warner Bros. New Line Cinema merger in 2008.[17][18][19] PBS shows are now distributed on video and DVD by PBS's own distribution company, PBS Distribution.

In 1995, THE entered a distribution deal with Columbia TriStar Home Video in France, Britain, Germany, Austria and Switzerland,[20] the deal expired in 1997 (although some films released on VHS by THE are distributed in the UK by First Independent Films).

Upon the Turner-Time Warner merger, THE was absorbed into Warner Home Video as an in-name-only unit in December 1996.[21] However, Turner Classic Movies does release special edition DVD boxsets of films from both the Turner and Warner catalogs under the TCM label. (Some magazines most notably Starlog when listing upcoming releases from Warner related to Cartoon Network programming listed it as being released by THE, likely to differentiate it from other, adult-oriented titles.)[22]

Library

Turner Entertainment's current library includes: Nearly all of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's film, television and cartoon library released prior to May 23, 1986[2][5]

Notes

  1. ^ The latest released Warner Bros. cartoon sold to a.a.p. was Haredevil Hare, which was released on July 24, 1948.

References

  1. ^ Time Warner 2018 10-K filing, Exhibit 21 (List of subsidiaries). Securities and Exchange Commission.
  2. ^ a b "Warner Archive Podcast (4/8/14)". Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. April 8, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  3. ^ "Turner, United Artists Close Deal". Orlando Sentinel. United Press International. August 27, 1986.
  4. ^ "Turner May Sell Equity In Company". Chicago Tribune. May 7, 1986.
  5. ^ a b Gendel, Morgan (June 7, 1986). "Turner Sells The Studio, Holds On To The Dream". Los Angeles Times.
  6. ^ "Turner Plans New Channels." Associated Press (June 5, 1993).
  7. ^ "Turner Buys Rights to 800 RKO Movies". Los Angeles Times. Reuters. December 10, 1987.
  8. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (November 29, 1989). "Turner Buying MGM/UA". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  9. ^ a b "Turner Buying Hanna-Barbera". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. October 30, 1991.
  10. ^ "Done deal: Turner Broadcasting System Inc. said it closed..." Chicago Tribune. December 25, 1993.
  11. ^ Citron, Alan (August 18, 1993). "Turner gets nod to buy New Line and Castle Rock". Los Angeles Times.
  12. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (August 18, 1993). "Turner Buying New Line and Castle Rock Film Companies". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  13. ^ "'Cats' Tries to Mix Parody and Nostalgia". Los Angeles Times. March 26, 1997.
  14. ^ "Turner Sells Wrestling Rival to WWF". ABC News. ABC. March 23, 2001. pp. 1–2.
  15. ^ Rutenberg, Jim (March 19, 2001). "Turner Drops Wrestling in First Decision by Its New Chief". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  16. ^ "WWF buys rival WCW". CNN Business. CNN. March 23, 2001.
  17. ^ Eller, Claudia (February 29, 2008). "New Line, old story: A small studio falls". Los Angeles Times.
  18. ^ Barnes, Brooks (February 28, 2008). "Warner Studio Takes Control of New Line". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  19. ^ Li, Kenneth (February 28, 2008). "Time Warner puts New Line Cinema under Warner Bros". Reuters.
  20. ^ "Company Town : TBS Agrees to Movie, Video Distribution Pact With Sony". Los Angeles Times. August 9, 1994.
  21. ^ Landler, Mark (September 23, 1995). "Turner to Merge Into Time Warner; A $7.5 Billion Deal". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  22. ^ "Full text of "Starlog Magazine Issue 130"".{
  23. ^ Delugach, Al (March 16, 1987). "Investors Will Pay $48 Million for RKO: Confidential Memo Details Management Group's Purchase Deal". Los Angeles Times.
  24. ^ "Turner Buys Rights to 800 RKO Movies". Los Angeles Times. December 10, 1987.
  25. ^ You Must Remember This: The Warner Bros. Story (2008)
  26. ^ 1957 MOVIES FROM AAP Warner Bros Features & Cartoons SALES BOOK DIRECTED AT TV
  27. ^ Mendoza, N. F. (July 3, 2014). "Timeless 'Tunes'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  28. ^ LoBrutto, Vincent (2018). TV in the USA: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. 3. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4408-4847-6.
  29. ^ Tom Kenny, Jerry Beck, Frank Caruso, Glenn Mitchell, et al. (2007). Popeye the Sailor: 1933–1938, Volume 1. Special Features: I Yam What I Yam: The Story of Popeye the Sailor (DVD). Warner Home Video.

External links

Associated Artists Productions

Associated Artists Productions, Inc. (a.a.p.) was a distributor of theatrical feature films and short subjects for television. Through acquisitions, Associated Artists Productions' assets were purchased by United Artists, with its library eventually passing to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1981, following its purchase of United Artists and then Turner Entertainment Co., following its purchase of the pre-1986 assets of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and select United Artists assets. Turner Entertainment is now part of WarnerMedia. Though a short lived company, Associated Artists Productions lived a legacy of being best known as the copyright owner of the Popeye, and the color pre-1948 Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of shorts by Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros. respectively, as their logos and trademarks were present at the beginning of each shorts 16mm Eastmancolor prints syndicated for television in the 1960s.

Butch Cat (Tom and Jerry)

Butch is a fictional character from the Tom and Jerry series of theatrical cartoon short films by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Originally created by Hugh Harman, Butch is an alley cat with black fur who first appeared in the 1941 MGM animated short The Alley Cat. His first official appearance in the Tom and Jerry series was in 1943's Baby Puss, alongside Topsy and the already-established Meathead.

Galli Galli Sim Sim

Galli Galli Sim Sim (Devanagari: गली गली सिम सिम) is the Hindi language adaptation of the American children's television series Sesame Street (famous for its Muppets), for India. For the first five seasons it was co-produced by Sesame Workshop and Turner Entertainment, through Miditech. The show's Indian production company is known as Sesame Workshop India.

Production of the show is based in Delhi. Filming of the first season's 65 half-hour episodes began in February 2006, with the premiere held on 15 August 2006. Until now the show has produced 10 seasons.

Funding for the initial development phase of Sesame Workshop India was provided through the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), ICICI Bank and Turner Broadcasting.

General Spanky

General Spanky is a 1936 American comedy film produced by Hal Roach. A spin-off of Roach's popular Our Gang short subjects, the film stars George McFarland, Phillips Holmes, Rosina Lawrence, Billie Thomas and Carl Switzer. Directed by Fred Newmeyer and Gordon Douglas, it was originally released to theaters on December 11, 1936, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

This film, a Civil War period piece, was intended as an experiment to determine if Roach could move Our Gang into features, as the double feature and block booking were slowly smothering his short subjects production. The film was a box-office disappointment and, after another year of shorts production, Roach ended up selling the Our Gang unit to MGM in May 1938.

When Roach bought the rights to the back catalog of Our Gang films he had produced from MGM in 1949, he did not buy back the rights to General Spanky. The film was part of the MGM catalog acquired in 1986 by Turner Entertainment, which holds the rights today as a subsidiary of Warner Bros. General Spanky was released on VHS and laserdisc in 1991. In 2016 it was released on DVD in Region 1 by Warner Bros. via their Warner Archive Collection.

List of programs broadcast by Justice Network

The following is a list of programs broadcast on Justice Network, a television network in the United States designed for digital subchannels of broadcast television stations. The majority of the programs are crime, investigation and procedural programs sourced from Turner Entertainment, but includes content from other production companies.

Piper Laurie

Piper Laurie (born Rosetta Jacobs; January 22, 1932) is an American stage and screen actress known for her roles in the films The Hustler (1961), Carrie (1976), and Children of a Lesser God (1986), all of which brought her Academy Award nominations. She is also known for her performances as Kirsten Arnesen in the original TV production of Days of Wine and Roses and as Catherine Martell in the cult television series Twin Peaks, for which she won a Golden Globe Award in 1991. In 2018, she appeared in the film White Boy Rick. In addition, she appeared with Dana Andrews, Rex Reason, William Talman, Milburn Stone, Douglas Spenser, and others in the 1956 Western "Smoke Signal".

Tom

Tom or TOM may refer to:

Tom (given name), a diminutive of Thomas or Tomás or an independent Aramaic given name (and a list of people with the name)

Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz

Tom and Jerry & The Wizard of Oz is a 2011 American animated direct-to-video musical fantasy comedy film starring the Academy Award-winning cat-and-mouse duo Tom and Jerry. Produced by Warner Bros. Animation and Turner Entertainment Co., the film is an animated adaptation of the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film The Wizard of Oz (which in turn is based on the book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum) with the addition of Tom and Jerry as characters and seen through their point of view.

The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on August 23, 2011. A sequel, titled Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz, was released in 2016.

Turner Broadcasting System Asia Pacific

Turner Broadcasting System Asia Pacific, Inc. (also known simply as Turner Asia Pacific) is Turner Broadcasting System's Asian branch. It operates several channels owned by Turner in Asia Pacific including Cartoon Network, Boomerang, Pogo, Cartoon Network (India) and CNN.

Turner Classic Movies

Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia.

Historically, the channel's programming consisted mainly of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. (covering films released before 1950) and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (covering films released before May 1986).

However, TCM also licenses films from other studios, and occasionally shows more recent films.

The channel is available in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, Latin America, France, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Spain, the Nordic countries, the Middle East, Africa and Asia-Pacific.

Warner Bros. Family Entertainment

Warner Bros. Family Entertainment was the family film and children’s entertainment label of Warner Bros. Entertainment. It released numerous theatrical (or direct-to-video) family films and children and family television series.

Westworld

Westworld is an American science fiction-thriller media franchise which began in 1973 with the release of the film Westworld, written and directed by Michael Crichton. The film depicts a technologically advanced, Western-themed amusement park populated by androids that malfunction and begin killing the human visitors; it was followed by the sequel film Futureworld (1976).

In 1980, there was a short-lived television series, Beyond Westworld. A television series called Westworld, produced by HBO and based on the original film, debuted on October 2, 2016. A second season aired in April 2018, with a third season ordered the following month.

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