Turkish general election, 1987

General elections were held in Turkey on 29 November 1987. This election is important for two events; the Military junta's restrictions on former politicians were lifted so they joined to the political scene again, whilst the Motherland Party retained its majority in the parliament by losing votes but gaining more seats, thanks to the electoral system of the country. Voter turnout was 93.3%.[1]

The 1987 election saw the return of the religious oriented base of Necmettin Erbakan and the symbol names of the politics in the 1970s, Bülent Ecevit and Süleyman Demirel. Bülent Ecevit led DSP because CHP was closed down after the coup of 1980. Süleyman Demirel founded DYP to challenge the power of Turgut Özal on conservative liberal votes.

Turkish general election, 1987

29 November 1987

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 93.3%
  Turgut %C3%96zal 1986 Erdal %C4%B0n%C3%B6n%C3%BC (cropped) Suleyman Demirel 1998
Leader Turgut Özal Erdal İnönü Süleyman Demirel
Leader since 20 May 1983 30 May 1986 6 September 1987
Leader's seat İstanbul İzmir Isparta
Last election 211 seats, 45.14% 117 seats, 30.46% New party
Seats won 292 99 59
Seat change Increase81 Decrease18 Increase59
Popular vote 8,704,335 5,931,000 4,587,062
Percentage 36.31% 24.74% 19.10%
Swing Decrease8.83% Decrease5.72% Increase19.1%

Prime Minister before election

Turgut Özal

Elected Prime Minister

Turgut Özal


Parliament of Turkey 1987
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Motherland Party 8,704,335 36.3 292 +81
Social Democratic Populist Party 5,931,000 24.7 99 New
True Path Party 4,587,062 19.1 59 New
Democratic Left Party 2,044,576 8.5 0 New
Welfare Party 1,717,425 7.2 0 New
Nationalist Workers Party 701,538 2.9 0 New
Reformist Democracy Party 196,272 0.8 0 New
Independents 89,421 0.4 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 631,912
Total 24,603,541 100 450 +51
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p258 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

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