Turia (river)

The Turia or Túria (Valencian: Riu Túria [ˈriw ˈtuɾia]; Spanish: Río Turia [ˈri.o ˈtuɾja]; Latin: Turia) is a Spanish river which has its source in the Montes Universales in the mountain ranges of the northwesternmost end of the Sistema Ibérico, Teruel province. From its source to roughly the city of Teruel, it is called Guadalaviar river. It runs through the provinces of Teruel, Cuenca and Valencia, and discharges into the Mediterranean sea near the city of Valencia.

Turia
Guadalaviar
RTuria1 Benaguasil
View of Turia River near Benaguasil
Location
CountrySpain Spain
RegionAragon
Castilla-La Mancha
Valencian Community
DistrictProvince of Teruel
Province of Cuenca
Province of Valencia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationMontes Universales, Aragon, Spain
 - elevation1,680 m (5,510 ft)
Mouth 
 - location
Mediterranean Sea in Valencia, Province of Valencia, Valencian Community, Spain
 - elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length280 km (170 mi)
Basin size6,393.6 km2 (2,468.6 sq mi)
Nacimiento del rio Guadalaviar
The Turia River near its source in the Montes Universales in the stretch known as Guadalaviar River until Teruel city.
Tagus-Albarracin
A view of the river as it passes through the Albarracín Mountains.

Diversion Project

The river is notorious for its floods. The flood which occurred on 14 October 1957, known as the Great Flood of Valencia, flooded large part of the city of Valencia, and produced a great deal of damage to both life and property. To prevent this from happening in the future, a diversion project was devised (Plan Sur de Valencia), completed in 1969, and the river was divided in two at the western city limits. During floods, most of the water is diverted southwards along a new course that skirts the city, until it meets the Mediterranean.[1] The old course of the river has been turned into a central green-space for the city, a cultural attraction known as the garden of the Turia.

Not unlike the LA River man-made diversion channel south of the city is often found dry, since water primarily flows during periods of flooding. Under ordinary flow rates the waters are directed through irrigation channels to help cultivate the fertile plain of Valencia. Throughout history the water of the River Turia has been used to irrigate the region. In modern times, a complex network of irrigation has been created, with the main axis centred on the diversion project.[2] Beyond irrigation, these channels also take runoff and surplus waters from the Turia to the wetlands and marshes around Valencia.

Attractions Along the old Course

The old riverbed is now a verdant sunken park that allows cyclists and pedestrians to traverse much of the city without the use of roads. The park, called the 'Garden of the Turia' (Jardí del Túria/Jardín del Turia) boasts numerous ponds, paths, fountains, flowers, football pitches, cafés, artworks, climbing walls, an athletics track, a zen garden and more. The many bridges overhead carry traffic across the park.

External image
Parc Gulliver at flickr. Playground laid out as a giant Gulliver with visitors as Lilliputians.

Towards the park's eastern end is the Gulliver Park (Parc Gulliver/Parque Gulliver) (39°27′46″N 0°21′33″W / 39.46278°N 0.35917°W), a children's adventure playground featuring a huge fibreglass model of Lemuel Gulliver tied to the ground with ropes. The model is constructed such that the ropes are climbable. In addition, Gulliver's clothes form slides and ladders on which to play. Also towards the eastern end of the river course is the Valencian Music Palace (el Palau de la Música Valenciana). Marking the park's eastern extreme is Valencia's new City of Arts and Sciences.

Two Metrovalencia stations lie beneath the riverbed, with entrances on either bank: Túria and Alameda.

See also

References

  1. ^ Claudio Gómez Perretta (12 October 2007). "La importancia hidráulica y urbanística del Plan Sur". www.levante-emv.com. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  2. ^ Miquel Montañana Palacios y Santiago Tormo Esteve (2002). Grupo Español del IIC, ed. LOS AZUDES DEL TURIA EN LA VEGA DE VALENCIA. ASPECTOS FUNCIONALES, CONSTRUCTIVOS Y MORFOLÓGICOS DEL SISTEMA DE MESTALLA Y SU CONSERVACIÓN COMPATIBLE CON LOS USOS ACTUALES (PDF). Actas del I Congreso del GEIIC. Conservación del Patrimonio: evolución y nuevas perspectivas. Retrieved 15 October 2011.

External links

Coordinates: 39°33′55.93″N 0°35′33.42″W / 39.5655361°N 0.5926167°W

A Pontenova

A Pontenova is a municipality in the Spanish province of Lugo. It has a population of 3199 (Spanish 2003 Census) and an area of 136 km².

Balvanyos River

The Balvanyos River is a headwater of the Turia River in Romania.

Cetatea Turia River

The Cetatea Turia River is a tributary of the Jaidon River in Romania.

Cica River

The Cica River is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Jaidon River

The Jaidon River is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Muncaciu River

The Muncaciu River is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Pârâul Adânc (Turia)

The Pârâul Adânc is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Pârâul Auriu (Turia)

The Pârâul Auriu is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Pârâul Lutos

The Pârâul Lutos is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Pârâul Mărului (Turia)

The Pârâul Mărului is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Pârâul Sărat (Turia)

The Pârâul Sărat is a headwater of the Turia River in Romania.

Pârâul Întunecat (Turia)

The Pârâul Întunecat is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Taramundi

Taramundi is a municipality in the Principality of Asturias, Spain.

It neighbors on the north side with San Tirso de Abres and Vegadeo, on the east side with Villanueva de Oscos and Vegadeo, on the south side with Santa Eulalia de Oscos and A Pontenova (Lugo), and on the west side with Lugo.

It is one of Eonavian speaking councils of Asturias

Turia River (Cașin)

The Turia River is a tributary of the Caşin River in Romania. It starts at the confluence of headwaters: Balvanyos and Pârâul Sărat near the Balvanyos spa.

Turia River (Dârjov)

The Turia River is a tributary of the Gota River in Romania.

Turia Valley

The Turia Valley (Spanish: Valle del Turía) is a small valley on the western border of the Cantabrian Mountains in the northwest of Spain which is close to beaches and is divided by two autonomous communities: Asturias and Galicia. It consists of an area of 90 km2, 3,910 inhabitants and is 200 m above sea level. The two main towns are A Pontenova (Galicia) and Taramundi (Asturias).

Turía (river)

The Turía (Spanish: Río Turía) is a small river in Galicia, Spain. It is 9 kilometres (6 mi) long, and its mouth is at an elevation of 250 metres (820 ft) above the sea. It rises in the town of Taramundi (Asturias) and drains into the Eo River in the town of A Pontenova (Puentenuevo) (Lugo Province).

The Turía river gives its name to the Turía Valley or “Valle del Turía” that crosses horizontally before emptying into the Eo River. The Turía River is fed by numerous streams and creeks from the mountains above the valley, and is part of the Eo UNESCO biosphere reserve.

While the river has its source in Asturias, the major part of its course is in Lugo province.

The Turía River is a source of industry and its waters are used to generate socio-economic activities based on ancient traditions such as Navajeros crafts and textiles, as well as the primary industry of salmon farming in A Pontenova.

Valea Gorganului River

The Valea Gorganului River is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

Vențel River

The Râul Vențel is a tributary of the Turia River in Romania.

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