Truro, South Australia

Truro (postcode 5356, altitude 311m) is a town in South Australia, 80 km northeast of Adelaide. It is situated in an agricultural and pastoral district on the Sturt Highway, east of the Barossa Valley, where the highway crosses somewhat lofty and rugged parts of the Mount Lofty Ranges. At the 2011 census, Truro had a population of 395.[1]

Truro is in the Mid Murray Council local government area, the South Australian House of Assembly electoral district of Schubert and the Australian House of Representatives Divisions of Barker and Wakefield.

Truro
South Australia
Truro Main Street
The Sturt Highway, the main street of Truro, (looking west towards the Barossa Valley and Adelaide)
Truro is located in South Australia
Truro
Truro
Coordinates34°24′0″S 139°07′0″E / 34.40000°S 139.11667°ECoordinates: 34°24′0″S 139°07′0″E / 34.40000°S 139.11667°E
Population395 (2011 census)[1]
Established1847 (town)
16 March 2000 (locality)[2]
Postcode(s)5356
Location
LGA(s)
State electorate(s)Stuart
Federal Division(s)
Localities around Truro:
St Kitts Dutton Dutton East, Steinfeld
Ebenezer Truro Annadale, Sandleton
Stockwell Keyneton, Moculta Sedan, Towitta

History

The town was established on Truro Creek (White Hut Creek) in 1848 by John Howard Angas, the son of George Fife Angas who had bought the land in 1842. The survey was conducted by Thomas Burr, assisted by his (eventual) son in law Frederick Sinnett, during a period when both were freed from their usual commitments in order to pursue private contracts.

It is named after the city of Truro in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is somewhat uncertain whether the name Truro was given by Angas, or the first settlers in the town, but with the Wheal Barton mine nearby, many of those settlers were Cornish miners, so it is quite likely that if they were not the namers of the town, they were certainly the inspiration thereof. The township of Barton was also nearby, however that soon became a part of Truro.

It was formerly the seat of its own municipality, the District Council of Truro, from 1876 to 1991.

Heritage listings

Truro has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • Baldon Road: Baldon Homestead Complex [3]
  • 37 Moorundie Street: Former Truro Police Station and Cells [4]
  • off Sturt Highway: Stone Wall [5]
  • off Sturt Highway: Accommodation Hill Spring and Pipeline Relics [6]

Industry

The first industry that European settlers introduced to Truro district, from the early 1840s, was pastoralism, primarily the grazing of sheep flocks, watched over by shepherds, on unfenced occupation licenses. Many of the picturesque dry stone walls so prevalent in the district date from this era.

Copper was discovered in 1846 and was mined at the Wheal Barton mine 2 km east of Truro from 1849 to 1889 and again between 1956 and 1972.[7] These copper mines are what led to the survey and establishment of the town. The mine was established in 1849,[8] and a church erected in the township by August 1850.[9]

Truro was the terminus of the Truro railway line from its opening in 1917[10] until it ceased operating in the 1970s and was permanently closed in the 1980s.

Rainfall in Truro is lower than in the neighbouring Barossa Valley region. For this reason dry grain crop farming, mainly of wheat and barley, is more prevalent than viticulture.

There are two hotels in Truro. Truro also has several tourism offerings, in the form of the recently renovated Pioneer Park, a specialist olive shop and several antique shops. The town is also notable for its service facilities, particularly its bakeries, which provide refreshment for tourists and travellers along the Sturt Highway. The breads and pastries are remarkable, not only for their large range but also for unifying traditional English and Cornish cuisine with German from the nearby Barossa Valley.

Truro Murders

During the 1970s the town of Truro gained unwarranted notoriety due to human remains being found scattered among nondescript Mallee scrub upon the arid Murray Plains near Sandleton. This became widely known as the Truro murders, one of the notable occurrences of serial killing in Australian history. Those human remains were actually found many tens of kilometres away from Truro, but, despite these tragic crimes being unrelated to the Truro township, the broadcast media found 'Truro' to be a convenient label for them through being the nearest town recognizable to the public.

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Truro (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 November 2012. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991, Notice to Assign Names and Boundaries to Places (within the District Council of Kapunda and Light )" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian Government. 16 March 2000. p. 1433. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Baldon Homestead Complex (including Homestead, Chaff Shed, Workmens Quarters, Stables, Shearing Shed and Quarters and room built into the creek bank)". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Former Truro Police Station and Cells". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Stone Wall". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Accommodation Hill Spring & Pipeline Relics, site of former stock yard for overlanders". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  7. ^ Janes, Martin; Whittaker, Eric (19 August 2014). "High quality copper target defined at Wheal Barton" (PDF). ASX Announcement. Terramin Australia. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  8. ^ "WHEAL BARTON". South Australian Register. XIII, (995). South Australia. 24 November 1849. p. 2. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "TOWNSHIP OF BARTON". Adelaide Observer. VIII, (374). South Australia. 24 August 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "THE TRURO RAILWAY". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 26 September 1917. p. 10. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
Cornish Australians

Cornish Australians are citizens of Australia who are fully or partially of Cornish heritage or descent, an ethnic group native to Cornwall in the United Kingdom. They form part of the worldwide Cornish diaspora, which also includes large numbers of people in the US, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Mexico and many Latin American countries. Cornish Australians are thought to make up around 4.3 per cent of the Australian population and are thus one of the largest ethnic groups in Australia and as such are greater than the native population in the UK of just 532,300 (2011 census).Cornish people first arrived in Australia with Captain Cook, most notably Zachary Hickes, and there were some Cornish convicts on the First Fleet, James Ruse, Mary Bryant, along with several of the early governors. The creation of South Australia, with its emphasis on being free of convicts and religious discrimination, was championed by many Cornish religious dissenting groups and Cornish people comprised a sizeable proportion of settlers to that colony. Large scale Cornish emigration to Australia did not begin until the 1840s, coinciding with the Cornish potato famine and slumps in the Cornish mining industry. The gold rushes and copper booms were major draws on Cornish people, not just from Cornwall itself, but also from other countries where they had previously settled.

In recent years the story of the Lost Children of Cornwall, child migrants sent from Cornwall to Australia up until the early 1970s, has come under intense scrutiny. The practice of sending apparently unwanted or orphaned Cornish children abroad continued long after it had ceased, after being discredited, in other areas. It has been the subject of apologies by both the Australian and British prime ministers.

List of disasters in Australia by death toll

This is a list of disasters and tragic events in modern Australia sorted by death toll.

Paddy Crick

William Patrick Crick (10 February 1862 – 23 August 1908) was an Australian politician, solicitor and newspaper proprietor. He was described by author Cyril Pearl as an irresistible demagogue, who "looked like a prize fighter, dressed like a tramp, talked like a bullocky, and to complete the pattern of popular virtues, owned champion horses which he backed heavily and recklessly."

Sturt Highway

The Sturt Highway is an Australian national highway in New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. The Sturt Highway is an important road link for the transport of passengers and freight between Sydney and Adelaide and the regions situated adjacent to the route.Initially an amalgam of trunk routes, the 947-kilometre (588 mi) Sturt Highway was proclaimed a state highway in 1933 and was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt who explored the area in 1829 and opened it up for agriculture. In 1955, the Australian Government gazetted the highway as a national route and upgraded as a national highway in 1992, forming the Sydney-Adelaide Link. The Sturt carries the National Highway 20 shield for its entire length, the majority of which is a single carriageway and freeway standard and 6-lane arterial road standard towards its western terminus, north of Adelaide.

Truro

Truro (; Cornish: Truru) is a city and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is Cornwall's county town, only city and centre for administration, leisure and retail. Truro's population was recorded as 18,766 in the 2011 census. People from Truro are known as Truronians. As the southernmost city in mainland Britain, Truro grew as a centre of trade from its port and then as a stannary town for the tin mining industry. Its cathedral was completed in 1910. Places of interest include the Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro Cathedral the Hall for Cornwall and Cornwall's Courts of Justice.

Truro (disambiguation)

Truro is the county town of Cornwall. It may also refer to:

Truro (UK Parliament constituency), Cornwall, United Kingdom

Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada

Truro, Massachusetts, U.S.

Truro, Iowa, U.S.

Truro, South Australia, Australia

Truro Parish, Virginia, U.S.

Truro Church (Fairfax, Virginia), U.S.

Truro Township, Franklin County, Ohio, U.S.

Truro Township, Knox County, Illinois, U.S.

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