Location of Troyon
|Intercommunality||Communauté de communes du Sammiellois|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Pascal Pichavant|
|13.07 km2 (5.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||21/km2 (54/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||206–319 m (676–1,047 ft) |
(avg. 209 m or 686 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Albert Heinrich Brendel, who was born in Berlin in 1827, studied in the Prussian Academy of Arts under Wilhelm Krause. In 1851 he went to Paris, and studied under Couture and Palizzi; thence to Italy, and home to Berlin in 1853, completing his studies under Carl Steffeck. For the next ten years he lived mainly in Paris, and worked in the summer months at Barbizon school, in the forest of Fontainebleau, which was also the scene of the labours of Jean-François Millet, Théodore Rousseau, Narcisse Virgilio Díaz, Constant Troyon, and other artists; and he continued, till 1869, to visit Barbison in the summer, after he moved in 1865 to Berlin for the winter. In 1868 he was made a member of the Berlin Academy, and in 1875 became Professor at the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School. His first works were sea-pieces, but afterwards he devoted himself to animal painting (more especially horses and sheep), in which he was very successful. He received medals at various exhibitions at Paris, Berlin, Munich, Vienna, and Nantes.
He died in 1895.
Berlin. Gallery. Return to the Village.
Paris. Luxembourg. Sheepfold at Barbison (exhibited at the Salon in 1863).Alfred Bruyas
Alfred Bruyas (15 August 1821 – 1 January 1876) was an art collector and a personal friend of many important artists of his time, among them Gustave Courbet. He donated his collection to the Musée Fabre, in Montpellier.
Born Jacques Louis Bruyas, he was the son of a wealthy banker in Montpellier. His interest in art was clear even at school. In 1840 he studied at the studio of Charles Matet, however he soon recognized the limits of his own talents and shifted his focus to the promotion and collection of contemporary art.
From 1849 to 1854 he spent most of his time in Paris. There he collected work by Louis Hector Allemand, Camille Corot, Thomas Couture, Eugène Delacroix, Narcisse Diaz de Peña, Adrien Guignet, Adolphe Hervier, Prosper Marilhat, Edouard-Antoine Marsal, Jean-François Millet, Théodore Rousseau, Philippe-Joseph Tassaert, Marcel Verdier and Constant Troyon, but above all the work of Gustave Courbet.Arrondissement of Commercy
The arrondissement of Commercy is an arrondissement of France in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region. It has 135 communes.Barbizon school
The Barbizon school of painters were part of an art movement towards Realism in art, which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement of the time. The Barbizon school was active roughly from 1830 through 1870. It takes its name from the village of Barbizon, France, near the Forest of Fontainebleau, where many of the artists gathered. Some of the most prominent features of this school are its tonal qualities, color, loose brushwork, and softness of form.Beta (plasma physics)
The beta of a plasma, symbolized by β, is the ratio of the plasma pressure (p = n kB T) to the magnetic pressure (pmag = B²/2μ0). The term is commonly used in studies of the Sun and Earth's magnetic field, and in the field of fusion power designs.
In the fusion power field, plasma is often confined using strong magnets. Since the temperature of the fuel scales with pressure, reactors attempt to reach the highest pressures possible. The costs of large magnets roughly scales like β½. Therefore, beta can be thought of as a ratio of money out to money in for a reactor, and beta can be thought of (very approximately) as an economic indicator of reactor efficiency. For tokamaks, betas of larger than 0.05 or 5% are desired for economically viable electrical production.
The same term is also used when discussing the interactions of the solar wind with various magnetic fields. For example, beta in the corona of the Sun is about 0.01.Constant (given name)
Constant is a given name, and may refer to:
André Henri Constant van Hasselt (1806-1874), Flemish poet
André Marie Constant Duméril (1774-1860), French zoologist
Constant Chevillon (1880-1944), Grand Master of the Freemasonry Rite of Memphis-Misraïm
Constant d'Aubigné (circa 1584-1647), French nobleman
Constant de Kerchove de Denterghem (1790-1865), Belgian liberal politician
Constant Feith (1884-1958), Dutch amateur football player
Constant Fornerod (1819-1899), Swiss politician
Constant Fouard (1837-1903), French ecclesiastical writer
Constant Huret (1870-1951), long distance track racing cyclist
Constant Janssen (1895-1970), Belgian physician and businessman
Constant Lambert (1905-1951), British composer and conductor
Constant Le Marchand de Lignery (1662-1732), French military officer
Constant Lestienne (born 1992), French tennis player
Constant Martin, inventor of the Clavioline
Constant Nieuwenhuys (1920-2005), Dutch painter, generally known simply as Constant
Constant Permeke (1886-1952), Belgian painter
Constant Prévost (1787-1856), French geologist
Constant Tonegaru (1919-1952), Romanian poet
Constant Troyon (1810-1865), French painter
Constant Vanden Stock (born 1914), honorary president and former president and player of Belgian football club R.S.C. Anderlecht
Jean Michel Constant Leber (1780-1859), French historian and bibliophile
Jean René Constant Quoy (1790-1869), French zoologist
Marie Philibert Constant Sappey (1810-1896), French anatomistConstant Troyon
Constant Troyon (August 28, 1810 – February 21, 1865) was a French painter of the Barbizon school. In the early part of his career he painted mostly landscapes. It was only comparatively late in life that Troyon found his métier as a painter of animals, and achieved international recognition.List of Légion d'honneur recipients by name (T)
The following is a list of some notable Légion d'honneur recipients by name. The Légion d'honneur is the highest order of France. A complete, chronological list of the members of the Legion of Honour nominated from the very first ceremony in 1803 to now does not exist. The number is estimated at one million including about 3,000 Grand Cross.
Görgün Taner, awarded in 2011.
J. R. D. Tata
Julia Catlin Park DePew Taufflieb (1864–1947), an American who lived in France during World War I and turned her residence (Chateau d'Annel) into a field hospital. Awarded in 1917. She was the First female American to receive this distinguished honor.
Maxwell D. Taylor
Ludmilla Tchérina (1924–2004), Circassian princess, prima ballerina, actress, author and sculptor. Awarded the Legion (Officier) in 1980.
Vojin Tcholak-Antitch (b. 1929), General of Division, Inspector-General of Cavalry, Royal Yugoslav Army
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
Nüvit Tekül (1921–2005), professor of medicine from Turkey. Awarded the Legion (Insigne du Chevalier) in 1982.
Jean Victor Tharreau (1767–1812), French general, died at Battle of Borodino
Marie-Jo Thiel (b. 1957), French ethics academic
Kristin Scott Thomas
Harold Warris Thompson
Joseph R. Thompson, U.S. Army World War II veteran, awarded the Legion (Insigne du Chevalier) in 2012
Sir Henry Worth Thornton, also awarded Distinguished Service Medal and Order of Leopold (Belgium)
Jean Thurel (1699–1807), French soldier with an unusually long career that spanned 92 years of service. Awarded in 1804.
Alexis de Tocqueville
Louis W. Truman
André Tulard, civil administrator and police inspector. An active collaborator with the Germans in World War II.
André Turcat (b. 1921), French test pilot. Chief testpilot, Concorde.
John Joseph Turk, U.S. Army World War II Veteran, awarded the Medal of Knight of the Legion of Honor in December 2013
Nathan Farragut TwiningList of World War I memorials and cemeteries in the area of the St Mihiel salient
List of World War I memorials and cemeteries in the area of the Saint-Mihiel salient, in the present day Meuse department of the Lorraine region, located in northeastern France.
In this region the monuments and cemeteries are divided into: those linked to the efforts of the French to regain the ridge at Les Éparges, from 1915−1918; and those linked to the American offensive of the St Mihiel salient, the Battle of St Mihiel in September 1918.Louis-Nicolas Cabat
Louis-Nicolas Cabat (6 December 1812, Paris – 13 March 1893, Paris) was a French landscape painter.
He was one of the most illustrious students of Camille Flers. A member of the Accademia di San Luca in Rome, Cabat was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts of the Institut de France in 1867 and was director of the French Academy in Rome from 1879 to 1884.
In 1883 Cabat travelled in France with his friends Constant Troyon and Jules Dupré in search of landscapes.Meuse-Line
The Meuse-Line is the chain of French forts and other military installations closing the passages of the Meuse between Verdun and Toul. These lines formed part of the defensive scheme adopted by France in 1873-1875.
The total length of the line was 31 m, and the forts d'arrêt are disposed along the right bank. The forts are: between Verdun and Saint-Mihiel, Génicourt-sur-Meuse and Troyon; near Saint-Mihiel, Les Paroches (left bank) and Camp des Remains; and near Commercy, Liouville-Saint-Agnant, Gironville-sous-les-Côtes and Jouy-sous-les-Côtes.
Above the circle of the Toul defences there are barrier forts on the Upper Meuse at Pagny (la-Blanche-Cote) and near Neufchâteau; but these last are practically in second line, and between Toul and Épinal the frontier districts are designedly left open.
At Épinal the Moselle-Line begins.Montfaucon-d'Argonne
Montfaucon-d'Argonne is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is home to the Meuse-Argonne American Memorial.Philly (dog)
Philly (1917 - 1932) was a stray female dog who served on the front lines of World War I with Company A of the 315 Infantry, 79th Division. Smuggled into France, she served at Montfaucon, Nantillois, Troyon and LaGrande Montagne before returning to the United States. Her ability as a guard dog made her a heroine of the troops and resulted in a bounty of 50 deutschemarks on her head by the Germans. She participated in the victory parade and lived until 1932. Following her death, she was mounted and remained at the 315th's headquarters until its disbandment in 1995. Philly was donated to the Philadelphia History Museum and has occasionally been on display for the viewing public.Road in the Woods (Constant Troyon)
Road in the Woods is a 19th century painting by French painter Constant Troyon. Done in oil on canvas, the work depicts two dirt roads heading through a wooded area. Troyon, a member of the Barbizon school, was inspire to render woods in such a way by 17th century dutch landscape painters. Road in the Woods is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.Sèvres
Sèvres (French: [sɛvʁ] (listen)) is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.9 kilometres (6.2 miles) from the centre of Paris and is in the department of Hauts-de-Seine in the region of Île-de-France.
The commune is known for its famous porcelain production at the Manufacture nationale de Sèvres, which was also where the abortive Treaty of Sèvres was signed, and for being the location of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures.Vendresse-Beaulne
Vendresse-Beaulne is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
It was established in 1923, combining the commune of Beaulne-et-Chivy with the neighboring commune of Vendresse-et-Troyon.Émile van Marcke
Émile van Marcke, born Charles Émile van Marcke de Lummen (1827 in Sèvres – 1890/91), was a French cattle painter, born at Sèvres, Hauts-de-Seine.He studied under Troyon at Barbizon. He received the cross of the Legion of Honor in 1872 and a gold medal at the Paris exhibition. He is represented at the Louvre and other museums of France, and at the Metropolitan Museum in New York, The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art in Sarasota, Florida, and in other public and private collections in the United States. Typical of his work is the public domain image Summer Pastoral, Bresle Valley on this page reproduced courtesy of the Morton Collection. This gem-like work offers the favorite themes of van Marcke in a microcosm; it incorporates cattle, water, reflections, dramatic cloudscapes and a feeling of life and motion and verdant nature. Nature is idyllic and animals emblematic of that harmony.