Troy Vincent

Troy Darnell Vincent (born June 8, 1970) is a former American football cornerback for the Miami Dolphins, Philadelphia Eagles, Buffalo Bills and Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the Dolphins with the 7th overall pick in the 1992 NFL Draft. He played college football for Wisconsin, and has been named as a first-time nominee to the 2017 College Football Hall of Fame. On September 28, 2011, Vincent was named as one of the Preliminary Nominees for the Pro Football Hall of Fame Class of 2012 in his first year of eligibility, and each year since.[1]

He was previously inducted into the Sports Hall of Fame for the Philadelphia Eagles and was entered into the Hall of Fame for the State of Pennsylvania, the University of Wisconsin and Pennsbury High, his high school alma mater.

Vincent is currently Executive Vice President of Football Operations for the NFL.[2]

Troy Vincent
refer to caption
Vincent in 2012
No. 23
Personal information
Born:June 8, 1970 (age 48)
Trenton, New Jersey
Height:6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight:200 lb (91 kg)
Career information
High school:Pennsbury (PA)
NFL Draft:1992 / Round: 1 / Pick: 7
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Total tackles:794
Forced fumbles:12
Fumble recoveries:12
Defensive touchdowns:3
Player stats at
Player stats at PFR

Professional career

Career Achievements

On November 22, 2017 former Wisconsin and NFL defensive back Troy Vincent was honored by the Big Ten Conference as he was named the 2017 recipient of the Ford-Kinnick Leadership Award. The annual award recognizes Big Ten football student-athletes who have garnered significant success in leadership roles following their academic and athletic careers.[3] During the week of Super Bowl 51, Troy Vincent received three top honors for character leadership including the Lifetime of Inspiration Award given during the NFL Super Bowl Gospel Celebration held on February 3, 2017 at Lakewood Church in Houston, Texas. Earlier in the week,Vincent received the first annual AllProDad Award presented by Tony Dungy at the Faith and Family Live event. Troy was also honored by Ebony Magazine at their February 4, 2017 Celebration of Champions Super Bowl event,where he received the Ebony Pathfinder Award.[4]

In January 2017,the NCAA Silver Anniversary Award was given to Troy Vincent for his collegiate and professional achievements including his significant dedication to community service. Forbes Magazine named Vincent to its prestigious 2016 list of Most Influential Minorities in Sports. Savoy Magazine again named Vincent as one of their 2018 Top 100 Most Influential Blacks in Corporate America list. Vincent was first named to Savoy's list in 2016. In June 2016, Troy was named by USA Today as one of the NFL's 100 most important people. Ebony Magazine recognized him as one of the 50 Most Influential People in Sports today and he was named to the 2015 Ebony Power 100 list, honoring those who lead, inspire and demonstrate through their talents, the very best in Black America. Sporting News named him on the 35 or Younger Most Powerful People in Sports.

Troy has also been recognized as the recipient of the 2016 John Wooten Executive Leadership Award, the Jim Mandich Courage and Commitment Award 2016 for his stance on domestic abuse and the 2016 Call to Men Award for Institutional Change for using his influence to prevent violence against girls and women. In October 2016, Troy received the "Champion of Change" Award from Colorado University Denver's Center on Domestic Violence.[5] He received the 2015 Humanitarian Award for significantly advancing the Peace Over Violence mission of building healthy relationships and communities free from sexual, domestic and interpersonal violence. In 2012, Troy also received the National Jefferson Award for Public Service, considered the Nobel Peace Prize for extraordinary community service and for making the world a better place to live.

Miami Dolphins

Vincent was drafted by the Miami Dolphins out of the University of Wisconsin–Madison with the seventh pick in the first round of the 1992 NFL Draft. He immediately became the Dolphins starting left cornerback, and helped the Dolphins reach the AFC Championship Game his rookie year. During his time in Miami, he intercepted 14 passes and was among the team leaders in tackles.

Philadelphia Eagles

Vincent signed with the Philadelphia Eagles in 1996, where he spent eight more seasons. Vincent made five consecutive Pro Bowls from 1999 to 2003. In 2002 Vincent was the recipient of the Walter Payton Man of the Year Award. In 2007 Vincent was named to the Philadelphia Eagles 75th Anniversary Team. Vincent announced the Philadelphia Eagles 2nd Round Draft Pick at the 2011 NFL Draft.[6]

Vincent shares the record for the longest interception in Eagles history against the Dallas Cowboys in 1996; after teammate James Willis intercepted Troy Aikman four yards into the endzone, he ran 14 yards before lateraling to Vincent, who returned the interception 90 yards for a 104-yard touchdown.[7]

Buffalo Bills

Prior to the 2004 NFL season, Vincent signed a free agent contract with the Buffalo Bills with the departure of cornerback Antoine Winfield. During his time in Buffalo, Vincent transitioned from the cornerback position, which he had played all his career, to free safety. In his first season as full-time safety in 2005, he had 66 tackles and a team-high four interceptions.

Vincent and starting strong safety Matt Bowen suffered injuries during the team's 2006 season opener. In order to clear a roster spot, the Bills placed him on injured reserve on September 10 as he was expected to miss up to two months.[8] Once he was cleared to play, the Bills granted Vincent his release on October 13.[9]

Washington Redskins

On October 16, Vincent signed a three-year contract with the Washington Redskins.[10]

On November 5, 2006, against the rival Dallas Cowboys, Vincent recorded six tackles and had a crucial block on a 35-yard field goal attempt by kicker Mike Vanderjagt as time expired. The block, along with a 15-yard facemask penalty, allowed the Redskins to return the ball into field goal range for kicker Nick Novak and win the game 22-19 with no time. The improbable win is known as the "Hand of God" game. On February 22, 2007, the Redskins released Vincent.[11]

He was The Sporting News' No. 1 Good Guy in 2003, and served as team captain for the last 13 of his 15 years of playing in the NFL.

NFL statistics

Year Team Games Combined Tackles Tackles Assisted Tackles Sacks Forced Fumbles Fumble Recoveries Fumble Return Yards Interceptions Interception Return Yards Yards per Interception Return Longest Interception Return Interceptions Returned for Touchdown Passes Defended
1992 MIA 15 77 0 0 0.0 1 2 0 2 47 24 32 0 0
1993 MIA 13 59 50 9 0.0 0 1 0 2 29 15 23 0 14
1994 MIA 13 52 41 11 0.0 0 0 0 5 113 23 58 1 17
1995 MIA 16 62 52 10 0.0 0 0 0 5 95 19 69 1 12
1996 PHI 16 49 42 7 0.0 3 0 0 3 144 48 90 1 17
1997 PHI 16 64 49 15 0.0 1 1 0 3 14 5 14 0 24
1998 PHI 13 50 42 8 1.0 0 0 0 2 29 15 29 0 13
1999 PHI 14 79 60 19 1.0 2 0 0 7 91 13 35 0 17
2000 PHI 16 74 61 13 1.0 3 2 0 5 34 7 17 0 22
2001 PHI 15 67 56 11 1.5 1 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 27
2002 PHI 15 66 54 12 0.0 1 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 17
2003 PHI 13 57 49 8 0.0 0 1 0 3 28 9 28 0 8
2004 BUF 7 27 18 9 1.0 0 1 0 1 8 8 8 0 3
2005 BUF 16 66 42 24 0.0 1 2 0 4 78 20 42 0 8
2006 BUF 1 1 1 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2006 WSH 8 21 13 8 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Career 207 794 630 164 5.5 12 9 0 47 711 15 90 3 199

Current Role

As part of his role as the NFL's head of Football Operations since 2014, Troy is a member of the American Football Coaches Association; an organization that represents coaches across the United States and is often consulted by the NCAA and the media regarding rule changes and developments occurring in college football. In an October 24, 2017 feature article in The Root publication, Vincent discussed his key role as "bridge-builder" in the ongoing debate about players taking a knee during the playing of the national anthem.[12] In the January 2018 issue of Monarch Magazine, Vincent talks about the "Game of Giving" and his deeply personal commitment to bringing values, passion and character to American football.[13]

Sr. Vice President of NFL Player Engagement

Vincent was selected as the Vice President of Active Player Development in February 2010. The NFL Players Development organization was renamed the NFL Player Engagement Organization in 2011.[14]


Vincent was president of the NFL Players Association from March 29, 2004 until March 18, 2008. He was replaced by Kevin Mawae. On February 26, 2009 the Players Association announced they were investigating whether during his tenure as president Vincent disclosed confidential personal and financial information about a number of player agents. It is alleged Vincent emailed this information to his longtime business partner Mark Magnum for the benefit of a financial services firm co-owned by the two men.[15] However, the Associated Press uncovered no evidence to support the contention that Vincent, by forwarding an NFLPA e-mail to his business partner, used agents' personal information to build his financial services company.[16]

NFL Business Management and Entrepreneurial Program

While playing for the Buffalo Bills, Vincent approached the Wharton School with an innovative idea to create much needed educational programs to help fellow players prepare for life after football, and that it was a life for which they needed to prepare. This vision materialized with the formation of the NFL Business Management and Entrepreneurial Program, which over the years has educated many NFL players about starting a business, investing and managing money. As the 2011 NFL Draft takes place, Jason Wingard of the New York Daily News[17] spoke to Vincent’s vision and the need for those entering the NFL to be prepared for what comes after their last game on the field has been played.

Community involvement and philanthropic efforts

A national advocate for victims of domestic violence and sexual assault, Vincent shared his family's own story of experiencing domestic violence in a February 19, 2017 guest editorial in the Naples News prior to his February 20 keynote address at The Naples Shelter for Abused Women and Children's annual event.[18] In a March 6, 2017 editorial, Vincent further advocated for a national conversation to build awareness and to encourage others to stand up, with one voice, to end domestic violence.[19] On April 4, 2017 former Buffalo Bill Vincent spoke at Niagara University, delivering his Call2Lead message; asking students, particularly male students, to lead the way in ending domestic violence.[20] Prior to his keynote at Niagara, AP profiled Vincent's lifelong commitment to ending violence against women in a USA Today article.[21] In October 2018, Vincent delivered the keynote address at the YWCA of the Niagara Frontier.[22] He shared his own story with a diverse audience including students from the area law enforcement academy, high schools, colleges as well as law enforcement, rape counselors, sexual assault teams and area district attorneys.[23] Vincent also shared his calling to end domestic violence in a guest commentary.[24]

Vincent has served on numerous boards over his career and served on the Board of Directors for the University of Wisconsin Foundation, and the State of New Jersey After 3 Program. He became the first active NFL player to serve on the National Board of Directors for Pop Warner Little Scholars Football.

Vincent and his family founded Love Thy Neighbor, a Foundation dedicated to fostering positive change in young people’s lives through character, athletics and academics, serving as a not-for-profit Community Development and Opportunity Corporation. He is recognized for his Philanthropic efforts to build community and increase the overall well-being of humanity.[25] Vincent partnered with Feed The Children to help families in need over the 2010 holiday season. His efforts resulted in Feed The Children supplying one semi tractor-trailer full of food and essentials to Trenton on December 22, 2010. Each identified family was provided with a 25-pound box of food, a 10-pound box of essentials and a box of Avon products designed to help a family for a week. The truck distribution was one of the stops on Feed The Children’s Americans Feeding Americans Caravan, which has helped nearly 200,000 American and military families across the country in cities that have been affected by the nation’s economic downturn in 2010.

Vincent returned to one of the communities he grew up in; the Pennsbury School District in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. His visit was in support of the Fuel Up To Play 60 program at Edgewood Elementary School. During this visit, Vincent spent time with the students, teachers, and parents.[26] The NFL and the Players Association, along with the Mid-Atlantic Dairy Association, were co-sponsors of Fuel Up To Play 60, which is an accelerated recess program that seeks to get kids to exercise at least 60 minutes a day and teaches kids to consume the proper food and beverages before stepping onto the field of play.


Troy holds a bachelor's degree from Thomas Edison State College, studied Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and holds executive education and advanced business degree certificates from Harvard University, Stanford University, Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and Wharton Executive Education at the University of Pennsylvania.

Personal life

Troy and his wife Tommi, a cousin to drag racer Antron Brown, have five children – three sons and two daughters. His son Taron Vincent is a defensive tackle at IMG Academy and ranked among the top 15 players of his class by ESPN.[27]


  1. ^ Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "The NFL Ops Team | NFL Football Operations". Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ 21 April 2011 Archived July 30, 2012, at
  7. ^ "Reed rumbles 108 yards for NFL record | Longest interception returns by team". Pro Football Hall of Fame. November 24, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ NFL names former Pro Bowler CB Troy Vincent VP of Active Player Development
  15. ^ Gene Upshaw Had Proof That Vincent Released Agents' Info, February 26, 2009
  16. ^ AP Finds Vincent's Companies `In Good Standing' Associated Press, March 12, 2009
  17. ^ "Another kind of NFL draft preview: Football Players Utterly Unprepared for Life After the Gridiron", New York Daily News, 28 April 2011
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ 7 Philanthropic Athletes and Their Charities of Choice
  26. ^ Troy Vincent fuels up at Edgewood Elementary School
  27. ^

External links

1989 Wisconsin Badgers football team

The 1989 Wisconsin Badgers football team represented the University of Wisconsin–Madison in the 1989 NCAA Division I-A football season.

1990 Wisconsin Badgers football team

The 1990 Wisconsin Badgers football team represented the University of Wisconsin–Madison during the 1990 NCAA Division I-A football season. They were led by first year head coach Barry Alvarez and participated as members of the Big Ten Conference. The Badgers played their home games at Camp Randall Stadium in Madison, Wisconsin.

1991 All-Big Ten Conference football team

The 1991 All-Big Ten Conference football team consists of American football players chosen as All-Big Ten Conference players for the 1991 college football season. The only organization that has been found to have selected an All-Big Ten team in 1991 was the Associated Press (AP), based on voting by the media.The AP's All-Big Ten team was led by Michigan receiver Desmond Howard who was named the Big Ten Offensive Player of the Year and Iowa defensive end Leroy Smith and Wisconsin cornerback Troy Vincent who were named the Big Ten Defensive Players of the Year. Howard led the conference with 985 receiving yards, 21 touchdowns from scrimmage, and 19 receiving touchdowns. Howard also won multiple national player of the year awards, winning the Heisman Trophy, Maxwell Award and Walter Camp Player of the Year Award.The 1991 Michigan Wolverines football team were undefeated in conference play and won the conference football championship. In addition to Desmond Howard, Michigan quarterback Elvis Grbac led the conference with a 161.7 passing efficiency rating and 25 passing touchdowns, and was selected as the first-team All-Big Ten quarterback for three consecutive years, receiving the honor in 1991, 1992 and 1993. Six other Michigan players received first-team honors from the AP, including running back Ricky Powers (1,197 rushing yards), offensive linemen Matt Elliott and Greg Skrepenak, defensive lineman Mike Evans, linebacker Erick Anderson, and kicker J. D. Carlson. Skrepenak was recognized as the Big Ten Offensive Lineman of the Year, and Michigan head coach Gary Moeller was named the Big Ten Coach of the Year.The 1991 Iowa Hawkeyes football team under head coach Hayden Fry finished in second place in the conference with a 10–1–1 record, but placed only two players on the AP's all-conference first team. The Iowa honorees were center Mike Devlin and defensive lineman Leroy Smith. Smith was also named the Big Ten Co-Defensive Player of the Year and the Big Ten Defensive Lineman of the Year. Iowa quarterback Matt Rodgers was also selected by the AP as the second-team quarterback.The 1991 Ohio State Buckeyes football team under head coach John Cooper had four players named to the AP's all-conference first team. The Ohio State honorees were defensive linemen Alonzo Spellman and Jason Simmons, linebacker Steve Tovar, and offensive tackle Alan Kline.Indiana running back Vaughn Dunbar led the conference with 1,805 rushing yards and was selected as a first-team running back by the AP. Purdue tailback Corey Rogers was selected as the Big Ten Freshman of the Year.

1991 Wisconsin Badgers football team

The 1991 Wisconsin Badgers football team represented the University of Wisconsin–Madison during the 1991 NCAA Division I-A football season. They were led by second year head coach Barry Alvarez and participated as members of the Big Ten Conference. The Badgers played their home games at Camp Randall Stadium in Madison, Wisconsin.

1992 Miami Dolphins season

The 1992 Miami Dolphins season was the franchise's 27th season in the National Football League.

The season began with the team attempting to improve on their 8–8 record in 1991.

The season was a success as the Dolphins finished the season 11–5, won the AFC East and returned to the playoffs after a one-year absence. After beating the Chargers 31-0 in the Divisional Playoffs, they played host to their AFC East rivals the Buffalo Bills in the AFC Championship Game. However, 5 turnovers and a huge disparity in the running game meant they lost the game 29-10.

As of 2018, this was the closest the Dolphins have gotten to returning to the Super Bowl.

1996 Philadelphia Eagles season

The 1996 Philadelphia Eagles season was their 64th in the National Football League (NFL). The team matched their previous output of 10–6 and qualifying for the playoffs.

After a season ending injury to Rodney Peete, Ty Detmer took over the starting role. For the second time in three seasons, the Eagles were 7–2 at the nine-game mark, thanks to a thrilling win November 3 on the road against Dallas. The capper to that contest was a combined 104-yard interception return between James Willis and Troy Vincent in the final moments which turned a potential game-winning drive by the Cowboys into a Philadelphia victory.

As in 1994 under Rich Kotite, the Eagles wilted. This time four losses in five games, including an embarrassing 27-point setback on national TV at Indianapolis, had the club scrambling in the playoff picture. However, wins against the lowly Jets and Cardinals managed to right the ship, and a wild-card berth was the reward.

The 1996 season was also the first season the Eagles debuted the midnight green, white, and black look, with new helmet designs and the logo and endzone font as well.

2001 All-Pro Team

The 2001 All-Pro Team comprises the National Football League players that were named to the Associated Press, Pro Football Writers Association, and The Sporting News All-Pro Teams in 2001. Both first and second teams are listed for the AP team. These are the three teams that are included in Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. In 2001 the Pro Football Writers Association and Pro Football Weekly combined their All-pro teams, a practice with continues through 2008. In 2001 the AP did not have a separate “fullback” position. Also, in 2001, the AP returned to choosing two inside linebackers, rather than one.

2001 Pro Bowl

The 2001 Pro Bowl was the NFL's all-star game for the 2000 season. The game was played on February 4, 2001, at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii. The final score was AFC 38, NFC 17. Rich Gannon of the Oakland Raiders was the game's MVP.

2002 All-Pro Team

The 2002 All-Pro Team comprises the National Football League players that were named to the Associated Press, Pro Football Writers Association, and The Sporting News All-Pro Teams in 2002. Both first and second teams are listed for the AP team. These are the three teams that are included in Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. In 2002 the Pro Football Writers Association and Pro Football Weekly combined their All-pro teams, a practice with continues through 2008. In 2001 the AP did not have a separate “fullback” position. Also, in 2001, the AP returned to choosing two inside linebackers, rather than one.

2002 Pro Bowl

The 2002 Pro Bowl was the NFL's all-star game for the 2001 season. The game was played on February 9, 2002, at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii. The final score was AFC 38, NFC 30. Rich Gannon of the Oakland Raiders was the game's MVP.

2003 Philadelphia Eagles season

The 2003 Philadelphia Eagles season was their 71st in the league. They matched their previous season's record, going 12–4, however, they were again upset in the NFC Championship Game. The team made the playoffs for the fourth straight year, won its third straight NFC East division title, and had the NFC's top record for the second straight season.

After losing their final game in Veterans Stadium to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the 2002 NFC Championship Game, Philadelphia looked to turn the page with the opening of brand-new Lincoln Financial Field, but the stadium got an inauspicious start when the Eagles dropped their first two games there, including a season-opening loss to Tampa Bay. A crushing loss to the New England Patriots left the Eagles 0–2 and expected to compete for the Super Bowl, at a precarious 2–3, and it looked to be 2–4 before Brian Westbrook returned a punt for a touchdown to shock the New York Giants in the closing minutes of their Week 7 contest. The play turned the Eagles' season around and they won their next nine games, finishing with a 12–4 record. In the playoffs, the Eagles needed a miracle conversion on 4th and 26 to defeat the Green Bay Packers, but the magic had run out by the next week and the team dropped a 14–3 decision to the Carolina Panthers at Lincoln Financial Field in the NFC Championship Game.

A preseason holdout by running back Duce Staley resulted in a running back by committee situation by Staley, Westbrook, and Correll Buckhalter. The trio rushed for a combined 1,613 yards and 20 touchdowns and became known as "The Three-Headed Monster." The rushing attack, which also benefited from 355 rushing yard and three touchdowns by quarterback Donovan McNabb, carried the offense, which featured a weak receiving corps that did not record a touchdown until Week 9. There were calls early in the season to replace McNabb with backup A. J. Feeley, but McNabb would find his rhythm and enjoy a great season. The defense weathered early injuries to defensive backs Bobby Taylor and Brian Dawkins to eventually surrender the seventh-fewest points in the league. Cornerback Troy Vincent, in his final season as an Eagle, was elected to the Pro Bowl. The weakness in the defense would be in stopping the run, something the team struggled with even at the height of their nine-game winning streak.

2003 Pro Bowl

The 2003 Pro Bowl was the NFL's all-star game for the 2002 season. The game was played on February 2, 2003, at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii. The final Score was AFC 45, NFC 23. Ricky Williams of the Miami Dolphins was the game's MVP.

Bart Starr Award

The Athletes in Action/Bart Starr Award is given annually to a National Football League (NFL) player who "best exemplifies outstanding character and leadership in the home, on the field, and in the community." Nominees are gathered from the public relations directors of each NFL team, the past winners of the Bart Starr Award, the Athletes in Action Pro Staff working with NFL teams, and Bart Starr himself. Ballots are sent to each team and voting takes place at the same time as the Pro Bowl selections. The votes are tabulated and the winner is announced at the annual Super Bowl Breakfast, an NFL-sanctioned event hosted by Athletes in Action, the sports ministry of Campus Crusade for Christ. The award, bearing the name of the Pro Football Hall of Famer, honors Starr's lifelong commitment to serving as a positive role model to his family, teammates, and community.

Brian Dawkins

Brian Patrick Dawkins Sr (born October 13, 1973) is a former American football safety who played 16 seasons in the National Football League (NFL), primarily with the Philadelphia Eagles. He played college football at Clemson and was drafted by the Eagles in the second round of the 1996 NFL Draft, whom he was a member of for 13 seasons. In his last three seasons, he played for the Denver Broncos.

Regarded as one of the greatest safeties of all time, Dawkins was viewed as the leader of the Eagles' defense, named to nine Pro Bowls, and a five-time first-team All-Pro during his career. He also made one Super Bowl appearance with the Eagles in XXXIX, which was played in his home city of Jacksonville, Florida. Dawkins was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2018.In addition to his playing career, Dawkins served the Eagles as an executive of football operations for player development from 2016 to 2018 and was with the organization when they won Super Bowl LII.

Byron "Whizzer" White NFL Man of the Year Award

The Byron "Whizzer" White NFL Man of the Year Award has been awarded by the National Football League Players Association continuously since 1967. The most recent winner, for the 2017 season, is Chris Long of the Philadelphia Eagles. The award honors work in the community as the NFL player who best served his team, community and country in the spirit of Byron "Whizzer" White, who was a Supreme Court justice, professional American football player, naval officer, and humanitarian. Past winners have included Drew Brees, Warrick Dunn, Gale Sayers, Bart Starr, Archie Manning, Peyton Manning, Troy Vincent, and Ken Houston. Prior to his ascension to the Supreme Court, White had been All-Pro three times (1938, 1940, 1941) and the NFL rushing champion twice (1938 and 1940).

The 2001 recipient, Michael McCrary, was the child in the Supreme Court case Runyon v. McCrary (1976) in which Justice White had participated nearly a quarter of a century before McCrary's award. White had dissented from the position taken by the lawyers for McCrary.

East Trenton, New Jersey

East Trenton is a neighborhood located within the city of Trenton in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. It borders Hamilton Township and is home to a sizable African-American community, besides having small pockets of Latinos (mainly from Puerto Rico) and Italians.

East–West Shrine Game

The East–West Shrine Game is a postseason college football all-star game that has been played annually since 1925. The game is sponsored by the fraternal group Shriners International, and the net proceeds are earmarked to some of the Shrine's charitable works, most notably the Shriners Hospitals for Children. The game's slogan is "Strong Legs Run That Weak Legs May Walk".

Teams consist of players from colleges in the Eastern United States vs. the Western United States. Players must be college seniors who are eligible to play for their school. The game and the practice sessions leading up to it attract dozens of scouts from professional teams. Since 1985, Canadian players playing in Canadian university football have also been invited (even though the CIS and NCAA play by different football codes). As such, this is the only bowl or all-star game in either the Canadian or American college football schedules to include players from both Canadian and American universities.

Since 1979, the game has been played in January, and has been played on January 10 or later since 1986. The later game dates allow players from teams whose schools were involved in bowl games to participate, which is important, as these teams often have some of the very best players.

Jefferson Awards for Public Service

Multiplying Good, formerly the Jefferson Awards for Public Service, was created in 1972 by the American Institute for Public Service. The organization officially launched its new brand, with its slogan "The Power of Service to Others," on February 13th, 2019, in an effort to more closely align the foundations' name with its mission. The organization seeks to multiply good in four distinct but related ways: The Jefferson Awards for Public Service, Youth Programs, Champions Programs, and Media Partners.The Jefferson Awards are given at both national and local levels, and recognize those individuals who have embodied the spirit of service that the organization was founded with. Local winners are ordinary people who do extraordinary things without expectation of recognition and come from national networks of "Media Partners" and "Corporate Champions", and from the associated "Students In Action", Lead360 and GlobeChangers programs. Multiplying Good is led by its CEO, Hillary Schafer, its president, Sam Beard, and its chairman, Jack Russi, in conjunction with the Foundation's board of governors.

Jimmy Raye II

James Arthur Raye Jr. (born March 26, 1946) is an American football coach and former player who is currently a senior adviser to NFL vice-president Troy Vincent. A book about his college career by award-winning sportswriter Tom Shanahan was published in September 2014 by August Publications titled Raye of Light: Jimmy Raye, Duffy Daugherty, the Integration of College Football and the 1965–66 Michigan State Spartans. Tony Dungy, who considers Raye a mentor, wrote the foreword.

Special teams

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