Troy Southgate

Troy Southgate (born 22 July 1965) is a British far-right political activist and a self-described national-anarchist. He has been affiliated with far-right and fascist groups, such as National Front and International Third Position, and is the founder and editor-in-chief of Black Front Press. Southgate's movement has been described as working to "exploit a burgeoning counter culture of industrial heavy metal music, paganism, esotericism, occultism and Satanism that, it believes, holds the key to the spiritual reinvigoration of western society ready for an essentially Evolian revolt against the culturally and racially enervating forces of American global capitalism."[1]

Troy Southgate
Born
Troy Southgate

22 July 1965 (age 53)
London, England
EducationUniversity of Kent at Canterbury (1994–97)
OccupationFar-right activist and publisher
Years active1984–present
Known forFounding national-anarchism
Websitenational-anarchist.net

Far-right activism

Southgate joined the National Front in 1984 and began writing for publications such as National Front News and Nationalism Today. According to Searchlight magazine, in 1987 he joined the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX).[2]

In 1998, he and other ENM members founded the National Revolutionary Faction. In 2001, Southgate and the NRF were the subject of a Sunday Telegraph article, in which the NRF was accused of being a neo-Nazi organisation infiltrating animal rights groups to spread fascism.[3]

Southgate's national-anarchist ideology has been described as an opportunistic appropriation of aspects of leftist counter-culture in the service of a racist, right-wing ideology.[1]

Black Front Press

Black Front Press was established in 2010 by Southgate to print his biography of Otto Strasser, and has subsequently become a publisher of historical, political, philosophical and esoteric texts.[4]

Views

Southgate, who graduated in history and theology from the University of Kent at Canterbury in 1997, comes from a non-religious background—although he converted to Catholicism in 1987 and was in that same year, according to Searchlight, associated with the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX).[2] Southgate later joined the International Third Position (ITP), believing it to be ‘the legitimate heir to the National Revolutionary Movement in Britain’, though he eventually broke with it in 1992, accusing its membership of gross financial impropriety, hypocrisy, racial miscegenation and of practising a ‘bourgeois’ form of reactionary ultra-Catholic fascism incompatible with the ‘revolutionary’ nationalism that, he claimed, they had betrayed.[1]

According to Searchlight,[2] in 1998 Southgate was partly the subject of a smear piece by former colleagues in the ITP, in the booklet Satanism and its Allies – The Nationalist Movement Under Attack, published by Final Conflict, and linking him and others that left the ITP to Satanism, with which he has never been involved.[5] Graham D. Macklin refers to this slander as an "attack" due to leaving the "staunchly Catholic ITP" although he points out that it was only later, after the original publication of the booklet, that the ITP decided for some reason to produce an update that "singled out Southgate as a ‘Satanist’ and ‘pro-faggot’".[1]

Southgate, to further his ideology of "revolutionary nationalism", subsequently formed the English National movement, which denounced Hitler and Mussolini as "reactionary charlatans" whilst praising fascists he felt had represented the Third Position more sincerely, such as Otto Strasser, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, and José Antonio Primo de Rivera.[1] Around this time he began to justify British ethnic homogeneity, which he claimed was "not racist", by recourse to the European New Right concept of Ethnopluralism.[1]

Southgate rejected Catholicism in 1997, and gravitated towards the extreme-right interpretation of traditionalism espoused by Julius Evola, particularly Evola's "spiritual racism", and synthesized this with Carl Jung's notion of the collective unconscious in order to push the idea of a "primeval Aryan psyche".[1] The multiplicity of his influences led to his espousing an idiosyncratic form of Palingenetic ultranationalism that divorced itself from the "artificial" concept of the nation-state.[1]

Southgate subsequently incorporated green-anarchism into his perspective in order to counter the 'corrosive influence of urbanism and decay', and embraced neo-pagan and heathen groups.[1] Along with like-minded musicians, he sought to diffuse the ideals of Mithraic paganism and Nordic folk myths into music-orientated youth cultures.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Graham D. Macklin. Co-opting the Counter Culture: Troy Southgate and the National Revolutionary Faction. Patterns of Prejudice, Vol. 39, No. 3, September 2005.
  2. ^ a b c Adam Carter, "Troy Southgate – A Timeline", Searchlight, January 2012, pp. 7–8.
  3. ^ Daniel Foggo, "Neo-nazis join animal rights groups", Sunday Telegraph, 16 June 2001
  4. ^ Adam Carter,"Packaging hate – the New Right publishing networks" Archived 26 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Searchlight, 1 March 2012
  5. ^ https://www.academia.edu/2326694/Far-Right_Music_and_the_Use_of_Internet_Final_Conflict_and_the_British_National_Party_Compared
Anarchism and religion

Anarchists have traditionally been skeptical of or vehemently opposed to organized religion. Nevertheless, some anarchists have provided religious interpretations and approaches to anarchism, including the idea that glorification of the state is a form of sinful idolatry.

Ernst Niekisch

Ernst Niekisch (23 May 1889 – 23 May 1967) was a German politician. Initially associated with mainstream left-wing politics he later became a prominent exponent of National Bolshevism.

Eumeswil

Eumeswil is a 1977 novel by the German author Ernst Jünger. The narrative is set in an undatable post-apocalyptic world, somewhere in present-day Morocco. It follows the inner and outer life of Manuel Venator, a historian in the city-state of Eumeswil who also holds a part-time job in the night bar of Eumeswil's ruling tyrant, the Condor. The book was published in English in 1993, translated by Joachim Neugroschel.

Football Lads Alliance

The Football Lads Alliance (FLA) is a movement in the United Kingdom founded by John Meighan in 2017. According to The Times, "the movement was set up as a self-proclaimed 'anti-extremist' movement" but has increasingly become associated with far-right politics and far-right activists.The Premier League has warned clubs that "the group is using fans and stadiums to push an anti-Muslim agenda". Concern has also been expressed that the Alliance is "giving cover to the far right" and "uses a secret Facebook page full of violent, racist and misogynistic posts".

Ian Anderson (British politician)

Ian Hugh Myddleton Anderson (1953 – 2 February 2011) was a leading figure on the British far-right in the 1980s and 1990s.

International Third Position

For another party by the name "England First", see England First Party.International Third Position (ITP) was a neo-fascist organisation formed by the breakaway faction of the British National Front, led by Roberto Fiore, an ex-member of the Italian far-right movement Third Position.

Jean-François Thiriart

Jean-François Thiriart (22 March 1922, Brussels – 23 November 1992) was a Belgian politician associated with neo-fascist and neo-Nazi groups. In the 1960s he rejected his Nazi past and promoted pan-European ideas founding Jeune Europe.

National-anarchism

National-anarchism is a radical, anti-capitalist, anti-Marxist and anti-statist ideology. National-anarchists advocate a post-capitalist stateless society in which communities of different ethnic or racial groups would be free to develop separately in their own autonomous tribal communes. These national autonomous zones would be directly democratic, mutualistic and self-sufficient.

The term national-anarchism dates back as far as the 1920s. The few scholars who have studied national-anarchism conclude that it represents a further evolution in the thinking of the radical right rather than an entirely new dimension. National-anarchism has elicited skepticism and outright hostility from both left- and right-wing critics. Some accuse national-anarchists of being white nationalists who promote ethnic and racial separatism while others argue they want the militant chic of calling themselves anarchists without the historical and philosophical baggage that accompanies such a claim.The National-Anarchist Movement was propounded since the late 1990s by Troy Southgate.

National Bolshevik Front

National Bolshevik Front (NBF) has been used as a name for three separate strands of National Bolshevism. The name initially applied to the Russian National Bolshevik Party (NBP) of Eduard Limonov when it was founded in 1993. The group soon changed its name as it emerged as a political party.

Although abandoned by the Russian group as a name, the term is still used to refer to a loose federation of National Bolshevik organisations that spreads across much of Europe and even has branches in Venezuela and Bolivia. Of these, the most important is that in Russia, with the others being largely insignificant (although the Parti Communautaire National-Européen has been associated with the group).

National Bolshevism

National Bolshevism (Russian: Национал-большевизм, German: Nationalbolschewismus), whose supporters are known as the Nazbols (Russian: Нацболы, German: Nationalbolschewisten), is a political movement that combines elements of radical nationalism (especially Russian nationalism) and Bolshevism.Leading proponents of National Bolshevism in Germany included Ernst Niekisch (1889-1967), Heinrich Laufenberg (1872-1932) and Karl Otto Paetel (1906-1975). In Russia, Nikolay Ustryalov (1890-1937) and his followers, the Smenovekhovtsy used the term.

In modern times leading practitioners and theorists of National Bolshevism include Aleksandr Dugin and Eduard Limonov , who led the unregistered and banned National Bolshevik Party (NBP) in the Russian Federation.

New Right (UK)

New Right was a UK-based pan-European nationalist, conservative revolutionary think tank founded by the nationalists Troy Southgate and Jonathan Bowden.

It was unrelated to the wider British and American usage of the term New Right (the ideologies of neoconservatism and neoliberalism) and is directly inspired by the French Nouvelle Droite and the broader European New Right.It defined itself as follows: "We are opposed to liberalism, democracy and egalitarianism and fight to restore the eternal values and principles that have become submerged beneath the corrosive tsunami of the modern world." However other UK groups had long campaigned on these objectives, such as the Conservative Monday Club, the Western Goals Institute, the Conservative Democratic Alliance and the Traditional Britain Group.

It was launched on 16 January 2005 at a meeting in central London. This followed an initial meeting the previous month, in which it was described as a "dynamic and strictly metapolitical group [that] seeks to unite the disparate strands of the British Right and get everybody pulling in the same direction".New Right published a journal, New Imperium.

Nouvelle Droite

Nouvelle Droite (English: "New Right"), sometimes shortened to the initialism "ND", is a far-right political movement that emerged in France during the late 1960s. The movement has links to older fascist groups and some political scientists regard it as a form of fascism, although this characterisation is rejected by many of the ND's adherents.

The Nouvelle Droite is commonly referred to as the ‘European New Right’.The Nouvelle Droite began with the formation of Groupement de recherche et d'études pour la civilisation européenne (GRECE; Research and Study Group for European Civilization), a French group guided largely by the philosopher Alain de Benoist, in Nice in 1968. De Benoist and other early GRECE members had long been involved in far-right politics, and their new movement was influenced by older rightist currents of thought like the German conservative revolutionary movement. Although rejecting left-wing ideas of human equality, the Nouvelle Droite was also heavily influenced by the tactics of the New Left and forms of Marxism. Particularly influential were the ideas of the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, with ND members describing themselves as "Gramscians of the Right". The ND achieved a level of mainstream respectability in France during the 1970s, although this declined following sustained liberal and leftist opposition. ND members joined several political parties, becoming a particularly strong influence within the French National Front, while ND ideas also influenced far-right groups elsewhere in Europe. In the 21st century, the ND has influenced far-right groups such as the identitarian movement and forms of national-anarchism.

The ND opposes multiculturalism and the mixing of different cultures within a single society. It opposes liberal democracy and capitalism and promotes localised forms of what it terms "organic democracy", with the intent of taking away the control of oligarchy. It pushes for an "archeofuturistic" or a type of non-reactionary "revolutionary conservative" method to the reinvigoration of the European identity and culture, while encouraging the preservation of certain regions where Europeans and descendents of Europeans may reside. Concurrently, it attempts to sustain the protection of the variance of ethnicities and identities around the globe, defending the right of each group of peoples to keep their own lands and regions to occupy. To achieve its goals, the ND promotes what it calls "metapolitics", seeking to influence and shift European culture in ways sympathetic to its cause over a lengthy period of time rather than by actively campaigning for office through political parties.

Richard Hunt (editor)

Richard Hunt was a green anarchist activist, and editor of various environmentalist magazines, such as Green Anarchist and Alternative Green. He also contributed to early editions of Green Line. He was widely criticised in the anarchist community for his sympathies for nationalism, and wrote an editorial for Green Anarchist expressing patriotic support for British soldiers serving in the 1991 Gulf War in Iraq. Richard Hunt continued to have political disputes with the other editors of Green Anarchist, and shortly afterwards left the editorial collective to form his own magazine, entitled Alternative Green, of which he edited the first thirty-one issues and to which he contributed articles.

Hunt founded "Alternative Green" after leaving the editorial collective of Green Anarchist. According to the remaining editors of Green Anarchist, he left the collective following a conflict over what was perceived to be his nationalistic tendencies. This came to a head when Green Anarchist published an article of Hunt's that appeared to give patriotic support to Britain's role during the 1991 Gulf War. Hunt himself stated that the conflict arose when other editors wanted to move Green Anarchist's political direction further left, while Hunt wished to remain outside the left-right spectrum.Hunt maintained links to the far right National-Anarchist 'movement', although he himself opposed their views on racial separatism. Hunt contributed to The English Alternative, the journal of the National Revolutionary Faction. Richard Hunt died in May 2012 after a series of strokes.

Richard Lawson (far right activist)

Richard Lawson has been a member of various far right groups in the United Kingdom.

Lawson was the Student Organiser for the British National Front. In 1976, he was part of the Strasserite split away from the National Front which formed the National Party.He founded the NF-affiliated IONA (Islands of North Atlantic) group in the mid-1980s for the purpose of "the study, revival, promotion and development of the islands of the North Atlantic". Presenting itself as an intellectual elite concerned with British culture and environment, it was closely linked to the far right magazine Scorpion. IONA has subsequently been characterised as a Nazi group.Lawson contributed articles to Michael Walker's Scorpion magazine, as well as co-organising at least one conference with the publication.In 1989, Lawson was involved with setting up the Transeuropa Collective to discuss "European identities, autonomies and initiatives". Transeuropa published ten issues of a journal titled Perspectives. The magazine was criticised by Searchlight magazine for anti-semitism and for infiltrating the green movement. Here & Now magazine's review stated that Perspectives "says 'Green' but means 'White'".In 1995, Lawson launched the Fluxeuropa website as "A postmodernist cultural review of art, books, films and music focusing on the creative tension between tradition and modernity." Around this time, he also became involved with Alternative Green magazine along with Troy Southgate.

In 1997, Transeuropa launched a new magazine called Radical Shift. Searchlight magazine described the magazine's intention as "to delegitimise anti-racism, anti-fascism and liberal democracy in favour of... ethnic separation, bigoted regionalism and chauvinistic nationalism".

Sharon Ebanks

Sharon Elizabeth Ebanks (born 1967 or 1968) is a former member of the British National Party and one of the founder members of the New Nationalist Party. In 2006, she was wrongly declared elected to Birmingham City Council.

Southgate (surname)

Southgate is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Donald W. Southgate (1887–1953), American architect

Elsie Southgate (1890–1946), British violinist

F. G. Southgate, British architect, engineer and surveyor

Gareth Southgate (born 1970), English footballer and manager

Horatio Southgate (1812–1894), American Episcopal priest

Hugh McLellan Southgate (1871–1940), of Washington, D.C.

Ivan Southgate, former name of Terri Rogers (1937–1999), English ventriloquist

James H. Southgate (1859–1916), American spokesman for prohibition

Jan Southgate (born 1955), English cricketer

John Southgate (1926–1999), English clergyman

Martha Southgate, American novelist

Matthew Southgate (born 1988), English golfer

Maurice Southgate (1913–1990), British army officer

Richard Southgate (politician) (1774–1857), American attorney and politician

Richard Southgate (actor) (born 1990), British actor

Richard Southgate (clergyman) (1729–1795), English clergyman and numismatist

Tony Southgate (born 1940), British engineer and racing car designer

Troy Southgate (born 1965), British political activist

Vaughan Southgate (born 1944), British medical parasitologist

William Southgate (born 1941), New Zealand conductor and composer

William Wright Southgate (1800–1849), American politician

Strasserism

Strasserism (German: Strasserismus or Straßerismus) is a strand of Nazism that calls for a more radical, mass-action and worker-based form of Nazism—hostile to Jews not from a racial, ethnic, cultural or religious perspective, but from an anti-capitalist basis—to achieve a national rebirth. It derives its name from Gregor and Otto Strasser, two brothers initially associated with this position.

Otto Strasser, who strategically opposed the views of Adolf Hitler, was expelled from the Nazi Party in 1930 and went into exile in Czechoslovakia, while Gregor Strasser was murdered in Germany on 30 June 1934 during the Night of the Long Knives. Strasserism remains an active position within strands of neo-Nazism.

The Link (UK organization)

The Link was established in July 1937 as an 'independent non-party organisation to promote Anglo-German friendship'. It generally operated as a cultural organisation, although its journal, the Anglo-German Review, reflected the pro-Nazi views of Barry Domvile, and particularly in London it attracted a number of anti-semites and pro-Nazis. At its height the membership numbered around 4,300.

The Link was opposed to war between Britain and Germany, and because of this attracted the support of some British pacifists. When The Link and the Anglo-German Review were included among a number of peace organisations across the political spectrum in the Peace Service Handbook (a publication put out by the Peace Pledge Union), the Daily Telegraph and The News Chronicle published articles accusing the PPU of supporting Nazism. In response, PPU member Stuart Morris wrote to the papers stating there was no connection between the PPU and The Link, and that the former organisation did not support the German demand for colonies or peace at the expense of smaller nations. The PPU also sent a letter to its group leaders dissociating The Link from the PPU, and ceased publishing the Peace Service Handbook.The organisation was investigated by Maxwell Knight, head of counter-subversion in MI5 and future role model for James Bond's boss M. The organisation closed shortly after the start of World War II in 1939.

Barry Domvile was interned in 1940 as someone who might "endanger the safety of the realm".According to Anthony Masters, the Link was allegedly resurrected in 1940 by Ian Fleming, then working in the Department of Naval Intelligence, in order to successfully lure Rudolf Hess (deputy party leader and third in leadership of Germany, after Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring) to Britain in May 1941.

The Robots

"The Robots" (German Die Roboter) is a single by German electronic music group, Kraftwerk, released in 1978. The single and its B-side, "Spacelab", both appeared on the band's seventh album, The Man-Machine. However, the songs as they appear on the single were scaled down into shorter versions.

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Post-1945 people
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