Tropical Storm Fung-wong (2014)

Tropical Storm Fung-wong, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Mario, was a relatively weak tropical cyclone which affected the northern Philippines, Taiwan and the Eastern China. The sixteenth named storm of the 2014 typhoon season, Fung-wong caused severe flooding in Luzon, especially Metro Manila.

Tropical Storm Fung-wong (Mario)
Tropical storm (JMA scale)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Fung-wong Sept 20 2014 0535Z
Tropical Storm Fung-wong approaching Taiwan at peak intensity on September 20
FormedSeptember 17, 2014
DissipatedSeptember 25, 2014
(Extratropical after September 24)
Highest winds10-minute sustained: 85 km/h (50 mph)
1-minute sustained: 95 km/h (60 mph)
Lowest pressure985 hPa (mbar); 29.09 inHg
Fatalities22 total
Damage$231 million (2014 USD)
Areas affectedPhilippines, Taiwan, Japan, China, South Korea
Part of the 2014 Pacific typhoon season

Meteorological history

Fung-wong 2014 track
Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

Late on September 13, an area of convectional cloudiness persisted near the same position where Kalmaegi formed. The next day, JTWC upgraded it as a tropical disturbance. The system entered an area of moderate vertical windshear and towards warm waters, as it was upgraded to a tropical depression by the JMA early on September 17. On the same day, the depression moved into the Philippine Area of Responsibility and was locally named Mario.[1] Later the same day, JTWC classified it as Tropical Depression 16W. As vertical windshear decreased around the storm system, it gathered more strength. With this, JMA classified it as a tropical storm, naming it Fung-wong on September 18.[2]

Fung-wong maintained its intensity while affecting Luzon. The storm made landfall in the night of the following day over the northern tip of Cagayan.[3] Early on September 20, JMA upgraded it to severe tropical storm strength, although it failed to intensify and reached its peak strength later that day. However, it was recorded colder cloud tops surrounding the center were still bringing heavy rainfall over the northern Philippines.[4]

The storm made landfall on the shores of the southeastern part of Taiwan the next day. Fung-wong later weakened due to land interaction. Late on September 22, Fung-wong encountered some moderate vertical windshear and approached Eastern China.[5] Both agencies downgraded Fung-wong to a tropical storm, just as it was making landfall over Shanghai on September 23.[6]

On September 24, Fung-wong started to interact with a frontal system. Later on the same day, both the JMA and JTWC issued their final advisory on the system, stating that it had become extratropical.[7][8]

Preparations and impact

Philippines

Mario Sept 17 2014
Tropical Depression 16W on September 17, to the east of the Philippines

Fung-wong enhanced the southwest monsoon which triggered severe flooding across the Visayas region. In Cebu, Governor Hilario P. Davide III cancelled classes in all levels on September 18 due to severe rainfall.[9] Severe flooding also occurred in many places of Luzon. On September 19, the Malacañang Palace declared a wide suspension of classes in all levels in the cities of Metro Manila including the provinces of Region III and Region IV-A.[10]

In the afternoon of that day, the palace then followed suit, declaring the suspension of government work and offices in Metro Manila, and some provinces in Bicol Region, Central Luzon and Southern Luzon.[11] On the same day, PAGASA issued the red rainfall warning advisory in Metro Manila and the provinces of Bataan, Rizal, Zambales, Bulacan, Batangas, Cavite and Laguna which stated that torrential rainfall was expected in the next three hours. Yellow and Orange advisories were also issued in the provinces of Central Luzon, Region 4-B, Bicol Region and Region VI. The agency also reported that 268 mm of rain was recorded in the science garden in Quezon City between 2 a.m. and 8 a.m. on the same day.[12]

About 21 domestic flights and six international flights were cancelled or diverted to Clark International Airport in Pampanga. The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines then released a statement regarding the radar malfunction in which it limits the communication between the pilot and the air control traffic tower in Ninoy Aquino International Airport.[13]

Electricity was also shut down in some areas of Metro Manila and nearby provinces. About three percent of Meralco customers experienced power outages due to severe flooding. Several areas were flooded as deep as ten feet. Some communications in the said areas also went down. Distress calls and messages flooded different networks and radio stations just to let their relatives know their situation.[14]

In Marikina City, Mayor Del de Guzman placed the city under state of calamity as many of the barangays had been submerged in floodwaters. It was also reported that the water level of Marikina River reached 20 meters, prompting officials to evacuate people living near the river.[15] Cainta Mayor Kit Nieto also placed the municipality of Cainta under state of calamity.[16] In total, Fung-wong killed 18 people and caused 3.4 billion (US$76.4 million).[17]

Mayon Volcano

Amid rain from Tropical Storm Fung-wong, lahar flowed in Albay from Mayon Volcano.[18] Possible landslides were possible within the area due to 22 volcanic earthquakes and 77 rockfall events. NDRRMC warned residents to prepare and evacuate in the areas within the 6 km Radius Permanent Danger Zone.[19]

Taiwan

Fung-wong made landfall over the southeastern part of Taiwan on September 21. Torrential rain and gale-force winds were reported. A total of 57 domestic and seven international flights were cancelled and ferry services to the offshore islands and mainland China were also suspended, according to the Central Emergency Operation Center.[20] A total of 3 people were killed due to Fung-wong.[21]

Mainland China

Fung-wong killed a person in mainland China, and total economic losses were counted to be CNY 950 million (US$155 million).[22]

Retirement

The name Mario was retired from PAGASA's list of names and replaced with the name Maymay after the season, after it had caused over ₱1 billion in damages.[23][24]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tropical depression 'Mario' enters PAR, expected to exit Saturday". Bong Lozada. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
  2. ^ "NASA sees western edge of Tropical Storm Fung-Wong affecting Philippines". Rob Gutro, NASA. September 18, 2014.
  3. ^ "'Mario' makes landfall over Cagayan". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  4. ^ "NASA eyes Tropical Storm Fung-Wong move through Northwestern Pacific". Rob Gutro, NASA. September 19, 2014.
  5. ^ "NASA sees Tropical Storm Fung-Wong move through East China Sea". NASA. September 22, 2014.
  6. ^ "Typhoon Fung-Wong Drenches Shanghai, Interrupts Traffic". Fu Yu. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  7. ^ "NASA sees Tropical Depression Fung-Wong becoming more frontal". NASA. September 24, 2014.
  8. ^ "NASA sees the end of post-depression Fung-Wong". Rob Gutro, NASA. September 24, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Cebu suspends classes due to rains". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Statement: Suspension of classes on September 19, 2014, in selected areas". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  11. ^ "Statement: Suspension of work in government offices for September 19, 2014, in selected areas". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  12. ^ "Still more flooding expected as red rainfall warning remains up in NCR, 7 provinces". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "Cancelled flights: Friday, September 19". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  14. ^ "Meralco widens power shut-offs in Metro Manila, nearby provinces". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  15. ^ "Marikina placed under state of calamity". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  16. ^ "Cainta under state of calamity due to heavy rain, flooding". Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  17. ^ "SitRep No. 17 re Effects of Tropical Storm "MARIO" (FUNG-WONG)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  18. ^ "Lahar flows in village near restive Mayon Volcano". GMA News. September 19, 2014.
  19. ^ "Sitrep No. 5 re Monitoring Activities on the Alert Status of Mayon Volcano" (PDF). NDRRMC. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
  20. ^ "Tropical storm Fung-Wong lashes Taiwan, killing one". Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  21. ^ "Three deaths reported as tropical storm Fung-Wong lashes Taiwan". September 21, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
  22. ^ "台风"凤凰"致浙江百余万人受灾". Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  23. ^ "PAGASA replaces names of 2014 destructive typhoons" (Press release). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. February 5, 2015. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  24. ^ "PAGASA kills names of killer typhoons". Philippine Daily Inquirer. February 8, 2015. Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.

External links

Tropical Storm Linfa (2015)

Severe Tropical Storm Linfa, known in the Philippines as Severe Tropical Storm Egay, was a tropical cyclone that affected the northern Philippines, Taiwan and southern China in early July 2015. The tenth named storm of the annual typhoon season, Linfa developed on July 1 over in the Philippine Sea. It moved erratically westward toward the Philippines, eventually striking the island of Luzon on July 4. Linfa weakened across the island, but reorganized over the South China Sea. It turned northward and strengthened to near typhoon intensity, or winds of 120 km/h (75 mph), but weakened as it curved to the northwest toward southern China. On July 9, the storm made landfall along the Chinese province of Guangdong, dissipating the next day west of Hong Kong.

Interacting with the monsoon, Linfa brought heavy rainfall across much of the Philippines for several days, causing flooding and landslides that resulted in traffic accidents and power outages. Across Luzon, Linfa damaged 198 houses and destroyed another seven, causing ₱214.65 million (US$4.76 million) in damage. The storm briefly threatened Taiwan, prompting warnings and restricted ferry travel. Over China, Linfa produced heavy rainfall and gusty winds that wrecked 288 homes. Damage in the country totaled ¥1.74 billion (US$280 million), and there was one death.

Tropical Storm Mario

The name Mario has been assigned by PAGASA to a tropical cyclone in the Western Pacific since 2010. This is the replacement for the now retired Typhoon Milenyo in 2006. But despite for using it for the first time, the name was retired and replaced it with Maymay for 2018 Pacific typhoon season. The name will be replacing Manuel after having its name retired due to the effects of Hurricane Manuel of 2013 Pacific hurricane season.

Tropical Storm Fung-wong (2014) (T1416, 16W, Mario) - a tropical storm that lashes Philippines and has the same strength as of Tropical Storm Ketsana in 2009, marking its 5th anniversary.

Tropical Storm Trami (2013)

Severe Tropical Storm Trami, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Maring, was a tropical cyclone that brought heavy rains to Taiwan and East China during mid-August 2013. Trami also made a fujiwhara interaction with Tropical Depression 13W north of it. The storm also enhanced the southwest monsoon causing more than 20 casualties in the Philippines.

Typhoon Fung-wong

Fung-wong may refer to tropical cyclones in the Pacific Ocean. The name is the Cantonese pronunciation of fenghuang (鳳凰) "phoenix".

Typhoon Fung-wong (2002), in the 2002 Pacific typhoon season

Typhoon Fung-wong (2008), struck Taiwan and China

Tropical Storm Fung-wong (2014), struck Philippines

Typhoon Haikui

Typhoon Haikui was the third tropical cyclone in the span of a week to impact Mainland China during late July and early August 2012. The name Haikui, which replaces Longwang, means sea anemone in Chinese.

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Typhoon Lekima, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Hanna, was the second-costliest typhoon in Chinese history, only behind Fitow in 2013. The ninth named storm of the 2019 Pacific typhoon season, Lekima originated from a tropical depression that formed east of the Philippines on July 30. It gradually organized, became a tropical storm and was named on August 4. Lekima intensified under favourable environmental conditions and peaked as a Category 4–equivalent super typhoon. However, an eyewall replacement cycle caused the typhoon to weaken before it made landfall in Zhejiang late on August 9, as a Category 2–equivalent typhoon. Lekima weakened subsequently while moving across the East China, and made its second landfall in Shandong on August 11.

Lekima's precursor enhanced the southwestern monsoon in the Philippines, which brought heavy rain to the country. The rains caused three boats to sink and 31 people died in this accident. Lekima brought catastrophic damage in mainland China, with a death toll of 56 people and more than CN¥53.7 billion (US$7.6 billion) in damages. The system also caused minor damage in Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan.

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Tropical cyclones of the 2014 Pacific typhoon season

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