Tromsø (city)

Tromsø (Norwegian pronunciation: [²trʊmsœ] (listen); Northern Sami: Romsa;[3] Finnish: Tromssa; Kven: Tromssa) is a city in Tromsø Municipality in Troms county, Norway. The city is the administrative centre of the municipality as well as the administrative centre of Troms county. The Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland is and its Bishop are based at the Tromsø Cathedral in the city. The city is located on the island of Tromsøya which sits in the Tromsøysundet strait, just off the mainland of Northern Norway. The mainland suburb of Tromsdalen is connected to the city centre on Tromsøya by the Tromsø Bridge and the Tromsøysund Tunnel. The suburb of Kvaløysletta on the island of Kvaløya is connected to the city centre by the Sandnessund Bridge.

Tromsø tettsted 2015
Map of the major areas of the city of Tromsø (in the central part of the large municipality).

The 21.25-square-kilometre (5,250-acre) town has a population (2017) of 64,448 which gives the town a population density of 3,033 inhabitants per square kilometre (7,860/sq mi). The city centre (on Tromsøya) has a population of 38,980. The mainland borough of the city, Tromsdalen, has a population of 16,787 and the suburb of Kvaløysletta on the island of Kvaløya has a population of 8,681. The most populous town north of Tromsø in Norway is Alta, with a population of 15,094 (2017), making Tromsø a very large city for this vast rural northern part of Norway.[1] It is the largest urban area in Northern Norway and the third largest north of the Arctic Circle anywhere in the world (following Murmansk and Norilsk).

The city's largest workplaces are the University of Tromsø (UiT) and University Hospital of North Norway. The Norwegian Polar Institute also has its headquarters in Tromsø. The Northern Lights Observatory was established in 1928, and two companies affiliated with the Kongsberg Gruppen collect satellite data from space using the observatory. The fishing industry is very important. Norway's Norges Råfisklag and Norges sjømatråd (seafood council) both have their headquarters in Tromsø. Sparebanken Nord-Norge also has its headquarters in the city. Furthermore, "Skatt nord", an agency of the Norwegian Tax Administration is based here too.

The city is warmer than most other places located on the same latitude, due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Tromsø is even milder than places much farther south of it elsewhere in the world, such as on the Hudson Bay and in Far East Russia, with the warm-water current allowing for both relatively mild winters and tree growth in spite of its very high latitude.

The city centre of Tromsø contains the highest number of old wooden houses in Northern Norway, the oldest house dating from 1789. The city is a cultural centre for its region, with several festivals taking place in the summer. Torbjørn Brundtland and Svein Berge of the electronica duo Röyksopp and Lene Marlin grew up and started their careers in Tromsø. Noted electronic musician Geir Jenssen also hails from Tromsø.

Tromsø
View of the city
View of the city
Tromsø is located in Troms
Tromsø
Tromsø
Location of the town
Tromsø is located in Norway
Tromsø
Tromsø
Tromsø (Norway)
Coordinates: 69°38′56″N 18°57′18″E / 69.6489°N 18.9551°ECoordinates: 69°38′56″N 18°57′18″E / 69.6489°N 18.9551°E
CountryNorway
RegionNorthern Norway
CountyTroms
DistrictMidt-Troms
MunicipalityTromsø Municipality
Area
 • Total21.25 km2 (8.20 sq mi)
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Population
(2017)[1]
 • Total64,448
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tromsøværing
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
9008 Tromsø

Names and etymology

The city of Tromsø is named after the island of Tromsøya, on which it stands. The last element of the city's name comes from the word for "island" (Norwegian: øy, Danish: ø), but the etymology of the first element is uncertain. Several theories exist. One theory holds "Troms-" to derive from the old (uncompounded) name of the island (Old Norse: Trums). Several islands and rivers in Norway have the name Tromsa, and the names of these are probably derived from the word straumr which means "(strong) current". (The original form must then have been Strums, for the missing s see Indo-European s-mobile.) Another theory holds that Tromsøya was originally called Lille Tromsøya (Little Tromsøya), because of its proximity to the much bigger island today called Kvaløya, that according to this theory was earlier called "Store Tromsøya" due to a characteristic mountain known as Tromma (the Drum). The mountain's name in Sámi, Rumbbučohkka, is identical in meaning, and it is said to have been a sacred mountain for the Sámi in pre-Christian times.

The Sámi name of the island, Romsa, is assumed to be a loan from Norse - but according to the phonetical rules of the Sami language the frontal t has disappeared from the name. However, an alternative form - Tromsa - is in informal use. There is a theory that holds the Norwegian name of Tromsø derives from the Sámi name, though this theory lacks an explanation for the meaning of Romsa. A common misunderstanding is that Tromsø's Sámi name is Romssa with a double "s". This, however, is the accusative and genitive form of the noun used when, for example, writing "Tromsø Municipality" (Romssa Suohkan). In Finnish, however, the word is written with a double "s": Tromssa.

History

The area has been inhabited since the end of the ice age. Archeological excavations in Tønsvika, just outside the city limits, have turned up artifacts and remains of buildings estimated to be 9,000 to 10,000 years old.[4]

Middle Ages: a fortress on the frontier

Tromso burial
Hoard of Viking jewellery found in Tromsø dating from 7–8th Centuries AD now in the British Museum.[5]

The area's rich Norse and Sámi heritage is well documented. The Norse chieftain Ohthere, who lived during the 890s, is assumed to have inhabited the southernmost reaches of today's Tromsø municipality. He described himself as living "furthest to the North of all Norwegians" with areas north of this being populated by Sámi.[6] An Icelandic source (Rimbegla) from the 12th century also describes the fjord Malangen in the south of today's Tromsø municipality as a border between Norse and Sámi coastal settlements during that part of the Middle Ages. There has also been extensive Sámi settlement on the coast south of this 'border' as well as scattered Norse settlements north of Malangen—for example, both Sámi and Norse Iron Age (0–1050 AD) remains have been found on southern Kvaløya.[7][8]

The first church on the island of Tromsøya was erected in 1252. Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae de Trums juxta paganos ("The Church of Saint Mary in Troms near the Heathens"—the nominal "heathens" being the Sámi), was built during the reign of King Hákon Hákonarson.[9] At the time, it was the northernmost church in the world. Around the same time a turf rampart was built to protect the area against raids from Karelia and Russia.

Tromsø was not just a Norwegian outpost in an area mainly populated by the Sámi, but also a frontier city towards Russia; the Novgorod state had the right to tax the Sámi along the coast to Lyngstuva and inland to the Skibotn River or possibly the Målselv River, whereas Norway was allowed to tax areas east to - and including - the Kola Peninsula.[7] During the next five hundred years Norway's border with Russia and the limits of Norwegian settlement would be pushed eastwards to Sør-Varanger, making Tromsø lose its character as a "frontier town".

1700s and 1800s: the "Paris of the north"

Walfängerdenkmal am Stortorget in Tromsø
Fangst og fiskerimonumentet by Sivert Donali at Stortorget in Tromsø (1984)

During the 17th century, while Denmark–Norway was solidifying its claim to the northern coast of Scandinavia and during this period a redoubt, Skansen, was built. Despite only being home to around 80 people, Tromsø was declared a kjøpstad and issued its city charter in 1794 by King Christian VII. This coincided with, and was a direct consequence of, the abolition of the city of Bergen's centuries-old monopoly on the trade in cod. Tromsø quickly rose in importance. The Diocese of Hålogaland was created in 1804, with the first bishop being Mathias Bonsak Krogh.[10] The city was established as Tromsø Municipality 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt), but at that time it was a very small size in area. Over time the municipality grew much larger in area by merging with neighboring areas (especially during the 1960s).

Arctic hunting, from Novaya Zemlya to Canada, started up around 1820. By 1850, Tromsø was the major centre of Arctic hunting, overtaking the former centre of Hammerfest, and the city was trading from Arkhangelsk to Bordeaux.

In 1848, the teacher training college was also moved from Trondenes (near current-day Harstad) to Tromsø, with part of its mission being to educate Sámi scholars - there was a quota ensuring that Sámi gained access.[11] The teacher college was followed by the Tromsø Museum in 1872,[12] and the Mack Brewery in 1877.[13]

During the 19th century, Tromsø became known as the "Paris of the North". How this nickname came into being is uncertain, but the reason is generally assumed to be that people in Tromsø appeared far more sophisticated than visitors from the south typically expected.[14]

Early 1900s: exploration and war

Tromsø 1900
Photochrom print from Tromsø, 1900

By the end of the 19th century, Tromsø had become a major Arctic trade centre from which many Arctic expeditions originated. Explorers like Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile and Fridtjof Nansen made use of the know-how in Tromsø on the conditions in the Arctic, and often recruited their crews in the city. The Northern lights observatory was founded in 1927.

When Germany invaded Norway in 1940, Tromsø served briefly as the seat of the Norwegian government. General Carl Gustav Fleischer arrived in Tromsø on 10 April 1940 after flying in terrible conditions. From Tromsø he issued orders for total civilian and military mobilisation and declared Northern Norway a theatre of war. Fleischer's strategic plan was to first wipe out the German forces at Narvik and then transfer his division to Nordland to meet a German advance from Trøndelag. The Germans eventually captured all of Norway, after allied support had been withdrawn, although they encountered fierce resistance from the Finnmark-based Alta Battalion at Narvik. Tromsø escaped the war unscathed, although the German battleship Tirpitz was sunk by the RAF off the Tromsøy island on 12 November 1944, killing close to 1,000 German sailors.[15][16]

Tirpitz altafjord 2
The German battleship Tirpitz was bombed and sunk off Tromsø island in 1944.

At the end of the war, the city received thousands of refugees from Finnmark county and the North Troms area - which had been devastated by German forces using scorched earth tactics in expectation of the Red Army offensive.[17]

Municipal history

The city of Tromsø was established as an independent municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The city was completely surrounded by the Tromsøe landdistrikt (the rural municipality of Tromsø / later renamed Tromsøysund), but they were governed separately. As the city grew in size, areas were added to the city from the rural district.[18]

On 1 January 1861, an area of Tromsøysund (population: 110) was transferred to the city of Tromsø. On 1 January 1873, an unpopulated area of Tromsøysund was transferred to the city. On 1 July 1915, another area of Tromsøysund (population: 512) was merged into the city of Tromsø. On 1 January 1955, the Bjerkaker area on Tromsøya (population: 1,583) was transferred from Tromsøysund to the city of Tromsø.[18]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the city of Tromsø (population: 12,602), the municipality of Tromsøysund (population: 16,727), most of the municipality of Ullsfjord except for the Svendsby area (population: 2,019), and most of the municipality of Hillesøy except for the parts on the island of Senja (population: 1,316) were all merged to form a new, larger Tromsø Municipality.[18]

Climate

Light and darkness

The midnight sun occurs from about 18 May to 26 July, but the mountains in the north block the view of it for a few days, meaning that one can see the midnight sun from about 21 May to 21 July. Owing to Tromsø's high latitude, twilight is long, meaning there is no real darkness between late April and mid-August.

The sun remains below the horizon during the polar night from about 26 November to 15 January, but owing to the mountains, the sun is not visible from 21 November to 21 January. The return of the sun is an occasion for celebration. However, because of the twilight, there is some daylight for a couple of hours even around midwinter, often with bluish light. The nights shorten quickly. By 21 February the sun is above the horizon from 7:45 am to 4:10 pm, and by 1 April it is above the horizon from 5:50 am to 7:50 pm (daylight saving time). If we include astronomical twilight as "not night", then Tromso only has 14 hours of night on the winter solstice.

The combination of snow cover and sunshine often creates intense light conditions from late February until the snow melts in the lowland (usually late April), and sunglasses are essential when skiing. Because of these diametrically different light conditions in winter, Norwegians often divide it into two seasons: Mørketid (polar night) and Seinvinter (late winter).

It is possible to observe aurora borealis (northern lights) from Tromsø, as northern Norway is located in the auroral zone. As it is always light in the summer, no aurora is visible between late April and mid August. Additionally, due to the coastal location, Tromsø is often subject to cloudy conditions which prevents aurora being seen, even if they are present.

Ss aurora lights

The Northern Lights near Tromsø.

Morketidettermiddag

Early afternoon during the polar night in Tromsø, Norway.

Tromssa and mountains in midnight sun

Tromsø in midnight sun in July.

Tromsø airport

Tromsø Airport on midday in early January.

Peder Balke-Tromsø

19th Century view of Tromsø by Peder Balke.

Cityscape

Tromsø sentrum (5835702754)
Tromsø sentrum

The compact city centre has the biggest concentration of historic wooden houses north of the city of Trondheim, and they co-exist with modern architecture. The houses date from 1789 to 1904, when building wooden houses was banned in the city centre, as in several other Norwegian cities. The oldest house in Tromsø is Skansen, built in 1789 on the remains of a 13th-century turf rampart.[19][20]

Grønnegata Tromsø
Grønnegata Tromsø

The Polar Museum, Polarmuseet, situated in a wharf house from 1837, presents Tromsø's past as a centre for Arctic hunting and starting point for Arctic expeditions. Tromsø Cathedral, Norway's only wooden cathedral, built in 1861, is located in the middle of the city, and so is the small Catholic church Vår Frue ("Our Lady"). Northern Europe's oldest cinema still in use, Verdensteatret, was built in 1915–16. The cinema has large wall paintings, made by the local artist Sverre Mack in 1921, which picture scenes from Norwegian folk lore and fairy tales.

The Arctic Cathedral, a modern church built in 1965, is situated on the mainland, facing the sound and city centre. The church, in reality a parish church and not a cathedral, was drawn by Jan Inge Hovig. The Polaria aquarium and experience centre from 1998 is a short walk south from the city centre. The Tromsø Museum is a university museum, presenting culture and nature of North Norway. The museum also displays the Arctic-alpine botanic garden, the world's northernmost botanical garden. A cable car goes up to mount Storsteinen, 420 metres (1,380 feet) above sea level, with a panoramic view over Tromsø. The mountain Tromsdalstinden, 1,238 metres (4,062 ft), on the mainland, which is easily spotted from the city centre, is also a major landmark. At the top of Tromsøya is a lake called Prestvannet.

Sports

TromsoJumpingHill
Ski jump in Tromsø

Tromsø is the home of many football clubs, of which the three most prominent are Tromsø IL, which plays in the Norwegian Premier League and is the world's northernmost Premier League football team, I.F. Fløya in the Norwegian First Division (women), and Tromsdalen U.I.L., playing in the Adeccoliga. Tromsø Midnight Sun Marathon is arranged every year in June and recently also a Polar Night Halfmarathon in January. The city is home to many clubs in the top division in various sports. Most notably basketball-outfit Tromsø Storm in the BLNO, BK Tromsø in the top volleyball league for men, and Tromsø Volley in the top volleyball league for women. The oldest sports club in Tromsø is Tromsø Turnforening, a gymnastics club founded in 1862, that also was the cradle of the before mentioned football club Tromsø IL.

Tromsø was selected by the Norwegian National Olympic Committee as Norway's candidate for the 2018 Winter Olympics. This would have made Tromsø the first city north of the Arctic Circle to host the games. There were plans to use ships as the media village. In October 2008 the NOC suspended Tromsø's bid, citing excessive costs.[21] From the southern to the northern tip of the island Tromsøya, there is a floodlit cross country ski track. A ski jump is also situated on the island, close to the university. As of the spring in 2010, the city's first ice rink has been open and is home to Tromsø Hockey, which plays in the Swedish Ice Hockey Association's League 3.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2017). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Tromsø (Troms)". yr.no. Retrieved 2018-08-14.
  3. ^ Erroneously, the Sámi name is often believed to be "Romssa". This is because "Tromsø Municipality" is "Romssa Suohkan". Romssa, however is the genitive case, so that "Romssa Suohkan" translates to "the Municipality of Romsa".
  4. ^ "Unike steinalderfunn" (in Norwegian Bokmål). nrk.no. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2013-08-21.
  5. ^ "British Museum - Collection online - Search: Tromso". British Museum. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Ottar fortalte om det ukjente "Norge" - Magasinet". Dagbladet.no. 2009-08-18. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  7. ^ a b "2 Samisk tilstedeværelse..." regjeringen.no. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  8. ^ "Sør-Kvaløya - fornminner — Kulturminneaaret 2009" (in Norwegian). Loype.kulturminneaaret2009.no. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  9. ^ "Diplomatarium Norvegicum b.1 nr.112, the Papal letter (in Latin) first referring to Troms". Dokpro.uio.no. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  10. ^ "Biskoper i Hålogaland bispedømme 1804-1952". Den Norske Kirke. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  11. ^ Statsarkivet i Tromsø 1992: Arkivkatalog TROMSØ OFFENTLIGE LÆRERSKOLE, page 6.
  12. ^ "Om museet" (in Norwegian). Universitet i Tromsø. Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
  13. ^ "Fra ølvogn til mikrobryggeri". Macks Ølbryggeri AS. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
  14. ^ "Destinasjon Tromsø - Facts about Tromsø". Destinasjontromso.no. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-22.
  15. ^ "Bomber Command: Tirpitz 12 November 1944". RAF History Bomber Command 60th Anniversary. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
  16. ^ 617 Squadron - The Operational Record Book 1943 - 1945 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2008-08-04. http://www.dambusters.org with additional information by Tobin Jones; Binx Publishing, Pevensey House, Sheep Street, Bicester. OX26 6JF. Acknowledgement is given to HMSO as holders of the copyright on the Operational Record Book
  17. ^ Derry, T.K. (1972). A History of Modern Norway: 1814—1972. Clarendon Press, Oxford. ISBN 0-19-822503-2.
  18. ^ a b c Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  19. ^ "Tromsø er "djevelsk stygg" - VG Nett om Reiselivsnyheter" (in Norwegian). Vg.no. 2008-08-21. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
  20. ^ Carina Hansen. "Forfall i hele byen - iTromsø" (in Norwegian). Itromso.no. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
  21. ^ Tromsø's Application Withdrawn - Aftenposten.no Archived October 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
Alfred Nilsen

Alfred Nilsen (28 December 1892 – 22 March 1977) was a Norwegian politician for the Liberal Party.

He was born in Tromsø.

He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from the Market towns of Nordland, Troms and Finnmark in 1950, but was not re-elected in 1954. Instead he served in the position of deputy representative during the terms 1954–1957 and 1958–1961.

Nilsen held various positions in Tromsø city council from 1922 to 1964, serving as mayor in the periods 1937–1941 and 1945.

Arnold Holmboe

Arnold Holmboe (11 March 1873 – 27 July 1956) was a Norwegian politician for the Liberal Party. He was mayor of Tromsø, two-term member of the Norwegian Parliament as well as Minister of Justice from 1922 to 1923 and Minister of Finance from 1924 to 1926.

Balsfjord

Balsfjord (Northern Sami: Báhccavuotna or Kven: Paatsivuono) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Storsteinnes. Other villages include Mestervik, Mortenhals, and Nordkjosbotn.

The 1,497-square-kilometre (578 sq mi) municipality is the 52nd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Balsfjord is the 186th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 5,653. The municipality's population density is 3.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (10/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.2% over the last decade.The municipality surrounds two fjords: Malangen and Balsfjorden, surrounded by comparatively rich farmlands under majestic peaks including the southern end of the Lyngen Alps.

Erlend Rian

Erlend Rian (born 15 June 1941, in Lillehammer) is a Norwegian politician who formerly represented the Conservative Party.

He was editor-in-chief of the newspaper Tromsø from 1974 to 1979, and mayor of Tromsø city from 1980 to 1995. From 1984 to 1988 he was the second deputy leader of the Conservative Party nationwide. He left the Conservative Party in 2005, but was involved in Tromsø 2018.He is the older brother of historian Øystein Rian.

Helge Jakobsen

Helge Jakobsen (31 August 1901 – 25 September 1996) was a Norwegian politician for the Liberal Party and later the Liberal People's Party. He was born in Tromsøysund.

He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Troms in 1961, and was re-elected on three occasions. During his fourth term, in December 1972, Jakobsen joined the Liberal People's Party which split from the Liberal Party over disagreements of Norway's proposed entry to the European Economic Community.

Jakobsen was a member of Tromsø city council in the periods 1936–1937, 1937–1940, 1945–1947 and 1947–1949.

Ingvald Jaklin

Ingvald Johannes Jaklin (22 February 1896 – 13 December 1966) was a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party.

He was born in Lyngen.

He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from the Market towns of Nordland, Troms and Finnmark in 1950, and was re-elected on two occasions. He had previously served in the position of deputy representative during the term 1945–1949.

Jaklin held various positions in Tromsø city council from 1925 to 1963, serving as mayor in the periods 1945–1947, 1947–1951 and 1951–1953.

Jeanette Olsen

Jeanette Martine Olsen (22 October 1873 – 23 September 1959) was a Norwegian editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.

She was born in Kristiania. Her first political position was as leader of the local women's branch in Skien Labour Party from 1907 to 1912. From 1911 to 1913 she was a national board member of the Labour Party women's association. She was also a board member of the county branch in Bratsberg. In 1913 she was hired as manager of the newspaper Haugesunds Folkeblad, and she became editor-in-chief in the same year.The family moved to Tromsø in 1914, where she became manager in Nordlys and then secretary of Nord-Norsk Fiskerforbund from 1917 to 1919. She was also a member of Tromsø city council from 1916 to 1919. In 1919 she was hired as manager in Fremover, and sat for some time as a member of Narvik city council. While living in Northern Norway she was also involved in smuggling from the Russian SFSR.She was a national board member of the Labour Party from 1918 to 1923, and was a delegate at the Third Comintern Congress in 1921, but in September 1923 she was excluded for half a year for writing an "open letter" to Martin Tranmæl, in which she stated that if not Tranmæl subordinated himself to Comintern, he would pave way for Fascism. Before the exclusion was lifted, the Communist Party had formed as a splinter party, and she joined it. From 1923 to 1928 she led the women's secretariat in the party, succeeding Olga Andersen in that position. She was a delegate at the Fifth Comintern Congress, and also edited the party's magazine for women, Gnisten, from 1925. In 1928 she resigned her party membership, together with high-profile politicians Emil Stang, Jr. and Olav Scheflo, since the Communist Party was against the formation of Hornsrud's Cabinet. She joined the Revolusjonære fagopposisjon, Clarté and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She rejoined the Communist Party in 1936, but was excluded after three months (in September) for defending Lev Trotsky. She was now a Trotskyist, and edited the periodical Oktober from April 1937 to September 1939. She also worked as a seamstress.She was married to Aksel Olsen (1869–1928), and had seven children. She died in September 1959 in Oslo.

Jens Revold

Jens Revold (born 29 August 1948) is a Norwegian politician for the Socialist Left Party.

He graduated as siv.øk. from BI Norwegian Business School in 1975, and cand.polit. from the University of Tromsø in 1980. He has also been a member of Tromsø city council.

In October 2007 he was appointed State Secretary in the Ministry of Education and Research.

Johan Henrik Rye Holmboe

Johan Henrik Rye Holmboe (28 November 1863 – 29 May 1933) was a Norwegian businessperson and politician for the Liberal Left Party. He was a city council member in Tromsø for 42 years, a three-term member of Parliament, Minister of Provisioning from 1920 to 1921, and Minister of Trade from 1923 to 1924.

Kristian Støback Wilhelmsen

Kristian Støback Wilhelmsen (born 27 April 1991) is a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party.

In the 2011 election he was elected to Tromsø city council. In the 2013 election he was elected as a deputy representative to the Parliament of Norway from Troms. For the 2015 local election he headed the Conservative Party ballot in Tromsø, fielding as their mayoral candidate.

Nord-Troms District Court

Nord-Troms District Court (Norwegian: Nord-Troms tingrett) is a district court located in the city of Tromsø in Troms county, Norway. The court serves the part of the county located north of the Malangen fjord, plus the territory of Svalbard. This includes the municipalities of Tromsø, Karlsøy, Balsfjord, Storfjord, Gáivuotna – Kåfjord, Nordreisa, Skjervøy and Kvænangen (and Svalbard). The court is subordinate to the Hålogaland Court of Appeal. The court is led by the chief judge (Sorenskriver) Unni Sandbukt. This court employs a chief judge and nine other judges.The court is a court of first instance. Its judicial duties are mainly to settle criminal cases and to resolve civil litigation as well as bankruptcy. The administration and registration tasks of the court include death registration, issuing certain certificates, performing duties of a notary public, and officiating civil wedding ceremonies. Cases from this court are heard by a combination of professional judges and lay judges. Cases from this district court may be appealed to the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Norwegian Arctic Philharmonic Orchestra

The Norwegian Arctic Philharmonic (Nordnorsk Opera og Symfoniorkester) is an orchestral institution. Since its founding in 2009, it has become one of Northern Norway’s largest and most active cultural institutions, performing opera and concert productions in various formats each year.

The Arctic Philharmonic alternates between different ensemble formats on a regular basis - from small chamber groups via the sinfonietta and chamber orchestra to a full philharmonic orchestra. The Principal Conductor of the philharmonic orchestra is Christian Lindberg, the Artistic Director of the chamber orchestra is Henning Kraggerud and the Artistic Director of the sinfonietta Øyvind Bjorå.

The Arctic Philharmonic collaborates with the other players on the region’s art and culture scene, and has cooperation agreements with the Norwegian Armed Forces’ Band North and Landsdelsmusikerne i Nord-Norge.

Peder Kaasmoli

Peder Kaasmoli (1884 – 1931) was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.

He hailed from Misvær. He started his career as a mining worker, with tenures in Sulitjelma and Kirkenes. He edited the newspapers Vest-Finnmarken Socialdemokrat from 1916 to 1917 and Nordlys from 1917. While editing Nordlys he was a member of Tromsø city council for several years.When the Labour Party split in 1923, Kaasmoli joined the Communist Party. The newspaper situation in the city was complicated. Nordlys first followed the Communist Party, but he was fired as the newspaper came on Labour Party hands with issues on 15 and 17 November 1923. On 17 November, the Communist Party also made a one-off issue of the new newspaper Troms Fylkes Kommunistblad, before Nordlys returned to Communist Party hands from 20 November 1923 to 20 January 1924. Kaasmoli was also re-hired. Then, after Nordlys again became a Labour newspaper, Troms Fylkes Kommunistblad was restarted. Kaasmoli edited it until the newspaper's demise later in 1924. He died in 1931.

Peter Høier Holtermann

Peter Høier Holtermann (16 November 1820 – 24 August 1865) was a Norwegian architect.

Romsa

Romsa may refer to:

Tromsø, city, Romsa in Northern Sami

Troms, county, Romsa in Northern Sami

Terje Wold

Terje Wold (23 August 1899 – 6 September 1972) was a Norwegian judge and politician for the Labour Party.

Terje Wold was born in Evenes. He graduated as cand.jur. in 1921. He worked as a jurist, becoming a Supreme Court Justice of Norway in 1950. From 1958 to 1969 he was the 15th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He was a member of the United Nations War Crimes Commission from 1945 to 1946 and the European Court of Human Rights from 1959 to 1972. He presided at the World Association of Judges from 1969 to 1972.

Wold was appointed Minister of Justice during the cabinet Nygaardsvold, and sat from 1939 to 1945. From 1940 to 1942 he was acting Minister of Trade. He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Finnmark in 1945, and served one term. On the local level he had been a member of Vadsø city council from 1925 to 1928 and 1931 to 1936, serving as mayor in 1928 and 1934 to 1936. From 1937 to 1939 he was a member of Tromsø city council.

He published several books. He was appointed Commander with Star of the Order of St. Olav in 1958.

Tromsø

Tromsø (Norwegian pronunciation: [²trʊmsœ] (listen); Northern Sami: Romsa; Finnish: Tromssa; Kven: Tromssa) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Tromsø. Outside Norway, Tromso and Tromsö are alternative spellings of the name.

Tromsø lies in Northern Norway. The 2,521-square-kilometre (973 sq mi) municipality is the 18th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Tromsø is the 9th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 75,638. The municipality's population density is 30.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (79/sq mi) and its population has increased by 15.9% over the last decade. It is the largest urban area in Northern Norway and the third largest north of the Arctic Circle anywhere in the world (following Murmansk and Norilsk). Most of Tromsø, including the city centre, is located on the island of Tromsøya, 350 kilometres (217 mi) north of the Arctic Circle. In 2017, the city of Tromsø had a population of about 65,000 people spread out over Tromsøya and parts of Kvaløya and the mainland. Tromsøya is connected to the mainland by the Tromsø Bridge and the Tromsøysund Tunnel, and to the island of Kvaløya by the Sandnessund Bridge.

The municipality is warmer than most other places located on the same latitude, due to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Tromsø is even milder than places much farther south of it elsewhere in the world, such as on the Hudson Bay and in Far East Russia, with the warm-water current allowing for both relatively mild winters and tree growth in spite of its very high latitude.

The city centre of Tromsø contains the highest number of old wooden houses in Northern Norway, the oldest house dating from 1789. The city is a cultural centre for its region, with several festivals taking place in the summer. Torbjørn Brundtland and Svein Berge of the electronica duo Röyksopp and Lene Marlin grew up and started their careers in Tromsø. Noted electronic musician Geir Jenssen also hails from Tromsø.

Tromsø International Film Festival

The Tromsø International Film Festival (TIFF) is an annual film festival held during the third week of January in Tromsø, Norway.

The inaugural Tromsø International Film Festival was held in 1991. TIFF has 5 screening venues, including one outdoor snow cinema. The total of admissions in 2014 it was 58167, which makes TIFF Norway's biggest film festival.

Øyvind Korsberg

Øyvind Korsberg (born 31 January 1960 in Tromsø) is a Norwegian politician for the Progress Party. He was First Vice President of the Storting during the term 2009–2013.

He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Troms in 1997, and has been re-elected on two occasions.

Korsberg was a member of the executive committee of Tromsø city council during the term 1991–1995.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.