In baseball, a player earns the Triple Crown when he leads a league in three specific statistical categories in the same season. The term "Triple Crown" generally refers to the batting achievement of leading a league in batting average, home runs, and runs batted in (RBI) over the same season. The term "Pitching Triple Crown" refers to the pitching achievement of leading a league in wins, strikeouts, and earned run average (ERA).
The term "Triple Crown" is typically used when a player leads one league, such as the American League (AL) or the National League (NL), in the specified categories. A tie for a lead in any category, such as home runs, is sufficient to be considered the leader in that category. A "Major League Triple Crown" may be said to occur when a player leads all of Major League Baseball in all three categories.
The term "Triple Crown" generally refers to the batting achievement. A batter who completes a season leading a league in batting average, home runs, and runs batted in (RBI) may be said to have won the "Triple Crown". As the term, unless modified, connotes the batting achievement, it may not be necessary to refer to this as the "batting" Triple Crown.
The Triple Crown reflects the ability of a batter to excel in three important ways: to hit safely a high percentage of the time (batting average); to hit the ball long distances (home runs); and to produce when runners are on base, driving them home to score (RBI). It is an uncommon feat to lead all batters in each of these categories. It has been accomplished 17 times in a major league, most recently in 2012, by Miguel Cabrera. Cabrera's was the first since 1967, when Carl Yastrzemski accomplished the feat in back-to-back years with Frank Robinson, the only time this has occurred in baseball history. As such, this helps create enormous offense for a team throughout the season, to the point where the last four times a player won the Triple Crown, his team went to the World Series.
In the major leagues, the most batting Triple Crowns won by a player is two. Rogers Hornsby was the first to accomplish it, winning his first in 1922 and then leading both major leagues in 1925 en route to his second Triple Crown, both with the St. Louis Cardinals. Ted Williams later matched this mark in the AL, winning in 1942 and 1947 with the Boston Red Sox. The Cardinals have won the most batting Triple Crowns as a franchise with four. Along with Hornsby's two, Tip O'Neill won in the now-defunct American Association in 1887 while the team was known as the St. Louis Browns, and Joe Medwick added the Cardinals' fourth in 1937. Eleven of the thirteen eligible players who have batting Triple Crowns have been elected to the Hall of Fame. Baseball writer and ESPN contributor Tim Kurkjian believes the Triple Crown has become more difficult to win with the advent of more hitters who choose to specialize in either hitting for batting average or power.
Even more rare than the Triple Crown is the Quadruple Crown in which a batter leads the league in hits as well as the Triple Crown categories of batting average, home runs, and runs batted in (RBI) over the same season. Not officially recognized by the MLB, Carl Yazstremski achieved this feat during the 1967 season, hitting 189 hits, 44 home runs, and 121 RBI, with a batting average of .326. This was also accomplished by Taiwanese player Wang Po-Jung when he led the Chinese Professional Baseball League or CPBL with a batting average of .407, 31 home runs, 101 RBIs, and 178 hits.
Clayton Kershaw (left) and Justin Verlander (right) won the National and American League pitching triple crowns, respectively, in 2011. It was the first time since 1924 that both leagues had pitching triple crown winners.
A pitcher who leads the league in wins, strikeouts, and lowest earned run average (ERA) is said to have won the "Pitching Triple Crown". The term was previously defined as leading the league in wins, ERA, and winning percentage. It was used in that older sense to describe the (ultimately unsuccessful) pursuit of that goal by Johnny Antonelli of the New York Giants in 1954 and also by Sandy Koufax in 1963. Koufax was first described as having won the pitching triple crown in the current sense after his 1965 season though the older sense continued to be used.
In contrast to the respective batting statistics, the Pitching Triple Crown statistics are more or less complementary (for example, a pitcher who is especially proficient at striking out batters is likely to give up fewer earned runs, and consequently more likely to win games), therefore, the accomplishment is not as rare as the batting crown.
In the major leagues, the Pitching Triple Crown has been accomplished 38 times. The most by one player is three, accomplished by three players. Grover Cleveland Alexander captured his first two in consecutive seasons with the Philadelphia Phillies (1915–1916), and won a third in 1920 with the Chicago Cubs. Alexander is the only pitcher to win a Pitching Triple Crown with more than one major league team. Walter Johnson won his three Triple Crowns with the original Washington Senators, leading the league in all three categories in 1913, 1918, and 1924. Sandy Koufax was the most recent to capture three Triple Crowns, winning his three within four seasons for the Los Angeles Dodgers (1963, 1965–1966); all of Koufax's crowns led both major leagues, the most for any player.
Other major league pitchers who have won multiple Pitching Triple Crowns include Christy Mathewson (1905 and 1908 New York Giants), Lefty Grove (1930 and 1931 Philadelphia Athletics), Lefty Gomez (1934 and 1937 New York Yankees), and Roger Clemens (1997 and 1998 Toronto Blue Jays).
One pitcher, Guy Hecker, won a Triple Crown in a defunct 19th century major league; he led the American Association in wins, strikeouts, and ERA in 1884 while pitching for the Louisville Colonels.
Eighteen of twenty-four major league pitchers who have won a Triple Crown and are eligible for the Hall of Fame have been elected to the Hall of Fame. The Triple Crown winners who most recently became eligible for the Hall are Pedro Martínez and Randy Johnson. Both were elected to the Hall of Fame in 2015, each in their first year of eligibility.
The most recent major league pitchers to achieve the feat are Clayton Kershaw and Justin Verlander, who won for the NL and AL, respectively, in 2011 (the first season since 1924 to see Triple Crown winners in both leagues).
The first major league pitcher to achieve the pitching Triple Crown was Tommy Bond, in the NL in 1877. The following year, Paul Hines became the first major leaguer to lead the NL in the three batting categories; he and Miguel Cabrera are the only two players to be AL or NL Triple Crown winners and not reach the Hall of Fame, although Cabrera as of 2019 is still playing so ineligible. The highest home run total reached by a Crown winner was Mickey Mantle, with 52 in 1956. The highest RBI total belongs to Lou Gehrig, with 165 in 1934. Rogers Hornsby has the highest home run total by a NL winner, 42, from his 1922 campaign. The NL high for RBI is 154, made by Joe Medwick in 1937. Hugh Duffy's .440 average in 1894 is the highest batting average by any player in NL history. Nap Lajoie, in 1901, set the all-time AL single-season high in batting average with .426. Among the major leaguers who earned the pitching Triple Crown, the lowest ERAs belong to Walter Johnson (1.14 in 1913 AL) and Grover Alexander (1.22 in 1915 NL). The highest win total belongs to Charles Radbourn, amassed in 1884, who in that year set a major league single-season record with at least 59 wins. Radbourn struck out 441 batters that season, the highest total for a Triple Crown winner. Walter Johnson holds the highest win total by an AL pitching Triple Crown winner, with 36, attained in 1913. Among AL pitching Triple Crown winners, Pedro Martínez registered the highest season strikeout total, with 313 in 1999. Since 1901, the major league pitcher with the highest season strikeout total in the course of a Triple Crown season is Sandy Koufax, punching out 382 in 1965.
|Year||Links to the article about the corresponding Professional Baseball season|
|Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum or Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Player is active|
|*||Denotes "Major League" Triple Crown|
|§||Player also won the MVP Award in the same year|
|RBI||Runs batted in|
|ERA||Earned run average|
|1878||Paul Hines||Center fielder||Providence Grays||NL||4||50||.358|||
|1887||Tip O'Neill||Left fielder||St. Louis Browns||AA||14||123||.435|||
|1894||Hugh Duffy||Outfielder||Boston Beaneaters||NL||18||145||.440|||
|1901||Nap Lajoie||Second baseman||Philadelphia Athletics||AL||14||125||.426|||
|1909||Ty Cobb||Right fielder||Detroit Tigers||AL||9*||107*||.377*|||
|1912||Heinie Zimmerman||Third baseman||Chicago Cubs||NL||14||104||.372|||
|1922||Rogers Hornsby||Second baseman||St. Louis Cardinals||NL||42||152||.401|||
|1925||Rogers Hornsby||Second baseman||St. Louis Cardinals||NL||39*||143*||.403*|||
|1933||Jimmie Foxx§||First baseman||Philadelphia Athletics||AL||48||163||.356|||
|1933||Chuck Klein||Right fielder||Philadelphia Phillies||NL||28||120||.368|||
|1934||Lou Gehrig||First baseman||New York Yankees||AL||49*||165*||.363*|||
|1937||Joe Medwick§||Left fielder||St. Louis Cardinals||NL||31||154||.374|||
|1942||Ted Williams||Left fielder||Boston Red Sox||AL||36*||137*||.356*|||
|1947||Ted Williams||Left fielder||Boston Red Sox||AL||32||114||.343|||
|1956||Mickey Mantle§||Center fielder||New York Yankees||AL||52*||130*||.353*|||
|1966||Frank Robinson§||Right fielder||Baltimore Orioles||AL||49||122||.316|||
|1967||Carl Yastrzemski§||Left fielder||Boston Red Sox||AL||44||121||.326|||
|2012||Miguel Cabrera§||Third Baseman||Detroit Tigers||AL||44||139||.330|||
|1877||Tommy Bond||Boston Red Caps||NL||2.11||40||170|||
|1884||Guy Hecker||Louisville Colonels||AA||1.80||52||385|||
|1884||Charles Radbourn||Providence Grays||NL||1.38||59||441|||
|1888||Tim Keefe||New York Giants||NL||1.74||35||335|||
|1889||John Clarkson||Boston Beaneaters||NL||2.73||49||284|||
|1894||Amos Rusie||New York Giants||NL||2.78||36||195|||
|1901||Cy Young||Boston Americans||AL||1.62||33||158|||
|1905||Christy Mathewson||New York Giants||NL||1.27||31||206|||
|1905||Rube Waddell||Philadelphia Athletics||AL||1.48||27||287|||
|1908||Christy Mathewson||New York Giants||NL||1.43||37||259|||
|1913||Walter Johnson||Washington Senators||AL||1.14*||36*||243*|||
|1915||Grover Cleveland Alexander||Philadelphia Phillies||NL||1.22*||31*||241*|||
|1916||Grover Cleveland Alexander||Philadelphia Phillies||NL||1.55||33||167|||
|1918||Walter Johnson||Washington Senators||AL||1.27*||23*||162*|||
|1918||Hippo Vaughn||Chicago Cubs||NL||1.74||22||148|||
|1920||Grover Cleveland Alexander||Chicago Cubs||NL||1.91||27||173|||
|1924||Walter Johnson||Washington Senators||AL||2.72||23||158|||
|1924||Dazzy Vance||Brooklyn Robins||NL||2.16*||28*||262*|||
|1930||Lefty Grove||Philadelphia Athletics||AL||2.54*||28*||209*|||
|1931||Lefty Grove§||Philadelphia Athletics||AL||2.06*||31*||175*|||
|1934||Lefty Gomez||New York Yankees||AL||2.33||26||158|||
|1937||Lefty Gomez||New York Yankees||AL||2.33||21||194|||
|1939||Bucky Walters§||Cincinnati Reds||NL||2.29||27||137|||
|1940||Bob Feller||Cleveland Indians||AL||2.61||27||261|||
|1945||Hal Newhouser§||Detroit Tigers||AL||1.81*||25*||212*|||
|1963||Sandy Koufax§||Los Angeles Dodgers||NL||1.88*||25*||306*|||
|1965||Sandy Koufax||Los Angeles Dodgers||NL||2.04*||26*||382*|||
|1966||Sandy Koufax||Los Angeles Dodgers||NL||1.73*||27*||317*|||
|1972||Steve Carlton||Philadelphia Phillies||NL||1.97||27||310|||
|1985||Dwight Gooden||New York Mets||NL||1.53*||24*||268*|||
|1997||Roger Clemens||Toronto Blue Jays||AL||2.05||21||292|||
|1998||Roger Clemens||Toronto Blue Jays||AL||2.65||20||271|||
|1999||Pedro Martínez||Boston Red Sox||AL||2.07||23||313|||
|2002||Randy Johnson||Arizona Diamondbacks||NL||2.32||24||334|||
|2006||Johan Santana||Minnesota Twins||AL||2.77*||19*||245*|||
|2007||Jake Peavy||San Diego Padres||NL||2.54||19||240|||
|2011||Clayton Kershaw||Los Angeles Dodgers||NL||2.28||21||248|||
|2011||Justin Verlander§||Detroit Tigers||AL||2.40||24||250|||
|1938 Fall||Haruyasu Nakajima §||First Baseman||Tokyo Giants||JPBL||10*||38*||.361*|||
|1965||Katsuya Nomura §||Catcher||Nankai Hawks||PL||42||110||.320|||
|1973||Sadaharu Oh §||First Baseman||Yomiuri Giants||CL||51||114||.355|||
|1974||Sadaharu Oh §||First Baseman||Yomiuri Giants||CL||49||107||.332|||
|1982||Hiromitsu Ochiai §||Third Baseman||Lotte Orions||PL||32||99||.325|||
|1984||Greg Wells §||First baseman||Hankyu Braves||PL||37||130||.355|||
|1985||Hiromitsu Ochiai §||Third Baseman||Lotte Orions||PL||52||146||.367|||
|1985||Randy Bass §||First Baseman||Hanshin Tigers||CL||54||134||.350|||
|1986||Hiromitsu Ochiai||Third Baseman||Lotte Orions||PL||50||116||.360|||
|1986||Randy Bass||First Baseman||Hanshin Tigers||CL||47||109||.389|||
|2004||Nobuhiko Matsunaka §||Left Fielder||Fukuoka Daiei Hawks||CL||44||120||.358|||
|1937 Spring||Eiji Sawamura §||Tokyo Giants||JPBL||0.81*||24*||196*|||
|1938 Fall||Victor Starffin||Tokyo Giants||JPBL||1.05*||19*||146*|||
|1943||Hideo Fujimoto||Tokyo Giants||JPBL||0.73*||34*||253*|||
|1948||Hiroshi Nakao||Yomiuri Giants||JPBL||1.84*||27*||187*|||
|1954||Shigeru Sugishita §||Chunichi Dragons||CL||1.39||32||273|||
|1954||Motoji Takuwa||Nankai Hawks||PL||1.58||26||275|||
|1958||Masaichi Kaneda||Kokutetsu Swallows||CL||1.30||31||311|||
|1958||Kazuhisa Inao §||Nishitetsu Lions||PL||1.42||33||334|||
|1959||Tadashi Sugiura||Nankai Hawks||PL||1.40||38||336|||
|1961||Hiroshi Gondo||Chunichi Dragons||CL||1.70||35||310|||
|1961||Kazuhisa Inao||Nishitetsu Lions||PL||1.69||42||353|||
|1978||Keishi Suzuki||Kintetsu Buffaloes||PL||2.02||25||178|||
|1980||Isamu Kida||Nippon Ham Fighters||PL||2.28||22||225|||
|1981||Suguru Egawa||Yomiuri Giants||CL||2.29||20||221|||
|1985||Tatsuo Komatsu||Chunichi Dragons||CL||2.65||17||172|||
|1990||Hideo Nomo||Kintetsu Buffaloes||PL||2.91||18||287|||
|1999||Koji Uehara||Yomiuri Giants||CL||2.09||20||179|||
|2006||Kazumi Saito||Seibu Lions||PL||1.75||18||205|||
|2010||Kenta Maeda||Hiroshima Carp||CL||2.21||15||174|||
|2018||Tomoyuki Sugano||Yomiuri Giants||CL||2.14||15||200|||
The Colorado Rockies' 1999 season was the seventh for the Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise located in Denver, Colorado, their seventh in the National League (NL), and fifth at Coors Field. The team competed in the National League West, finishing in fifth and last place with a record of 72–90, Jim Leyland, a longtime manager in MLB, debuted as the Rockies' new manager, and resigned following the season.
The Rockies, along with the San Diego Padres, made MLB history on Opening Day, April 4, 1999, by playing a contest in Estadio de Béisbol Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico, making it the first Opening Day game held outside of the United States or Canada. Larry Walker won his second batting title by leading MLB with .379 average, setting a Rockies' club record, and the fourth-high single-season average since Ted Williams hit .406 in 1941. Besides winning the batting championship, Walker also led the major leagues in on-base percentage (.458), and slugging percentage (.710), becoming the first player to lead MLB in all three categories since George Brett in 1980, and the first National Leaguer since Stan Musial in 1943.Amos Rusie
Amos Wilson Rusie (May 30, 1871 – December 6, 1942), nicknamed "The Hoosier Thunderbolt", was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball during the late 19th century. He had a 10-season career in the National League (NL), which consisted of one season with the Indianapolis Hoosiers in 1889, eight with the New York Giants from 1890 to 1898, and one with the Cincinnati Reds in 1901.
He is best known for the speed in which he pitched a baseball. The velocity of his fastball was unknown, but it has been estimated that he threw it in the mid to upper 90s. He led the league in strikeouts five times, and won 20 or more games eight times. Though he did throw hard, he did not have good control of his pitches, leading the league in walks five times and being seventh all-time among the career pitching leaders in that category. In 1890 he walked 289, the all-time single-season record.
In 1897 one of his fastballs struck future Hall of Famer Hughie Jennings in the head, rendering him comatose for four days before recovery. Rusie's wildness had been a catalyst for officials to change the distance from the pitching rubber to home plate from 50 feet (15 m) to the current 60 feet (18 m), 6 inches. This ruling was made effective for the 1893 season, at the peak of Amos Rusie's pitching prowess. The distance change did not reduce Rusie's effectiveness, as he led the league in strikeouts for three straight seasons afterward, while also winning what later would be known as the pitching triple crown in 1894. For his accomplishments, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1977 by the Veterans Committee.Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards
The annual Greg Spira Memorial Internet Baseball Awards (IBA) are based on fan voting. They were founded in 1991 by Greg Spira with the Most Valuable Player, Cy Young (now Pitcher of the Year), and Rookie of the Year awards, in each of the two leagues in Major League Baseball. In 1998, an award for Manager of the Year was added in each league. Spira managed the awards until his death at the end of 2011. The awards were then named in his memory.Cy Young
Denton True "Cy" Young (March 29, 1867 – November 4, 1955) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher. Born in Gilmore, Ohio, he worked on his family's farm as a youth before starting his professional baseball career. Young entered the major leagues in 1890 with the National League's Cleveland Spiders and pitched for them until 1898. He was then transferred to the St. Louis Cardinals franchise. In 1901, Young jumped to the American League and played for the Boston Red Sox franchise until 1908, helping them win the 1903 World Series. He finished his career with the Cleveland Naps and Boston Rustlers, retiring in 1911.
Young was one of the hardest-throwing pitchers in the game early in his career. After his speed diminished, he relied more on his control and remained effective into his forties. By the time Young retired, he had established numerous pitching records, some of which have stood for over a century. He holds MLB records for the most career wins, with 511, along with most career innings pitched, games started, and complete games. He led his league in wins during five seasons and pitched three no-hitters, including a perfect game.
Young was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. In 1956, one year after his death, the Cy Young Award was created to honor the best pitcher in Major League Baseball for each season.Larry Walker
Larry Kenneth Robert Walker (born December 1, 1966) is a Canadian former professional baseball right fielder in Major League Baseball (MLB). During his 17-year career, he played for the Montreal Expos, Colorado Rockies, and St. Louis Cardinals. In 1997, he became the only player in major league history to register both a .700 slugging percentage and 30 stolen bases in the same season, on his way to winning the National League (NL) Most Valuable Player Award (MVP). The first player in more than 60 years to hit at least .360 in each of three consecutive seasons from 1997 to 1999, Walker also won three NL batting championships. Honors include induction into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2007, the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009, and acclaim from Sports Illustrated in 1999 as the 13th greatest sporting figure from Canada.
Widely considered a five-tool talent of prodigious athleticism and instincts, Walker hit for both average and power, combined with well above-average speed, defense and throwing strength and accuracy. He was recognized as the top Canadian athlete in 1998 with the Lou Marsh Trophy. Other awards include five MLB All-Star selections, seven Gold Gloves, three Silver Sluggers, and nine Tip O'Neill Awards. His career slugging percentage (.565) ranks 12th all-time. Walker is one of only 19 hitters in history to accomplish a .300 batting average, 400 on-base percentage (OBP), and .500 slugging percentage (SLG) with at least 5,000 plate appearances, and one of six whose careers began after 1960. Considering advanced metrics, he is one of three players in history to rank within the top 100 of each of batting runs, baserunning runs, and defensive runs saved; the others are Barry Bonds and Willie Mays.
From the Greater Vancouver area of British Columbia, Walker spent his youth playing hockey with consuming NHL goaltender aspirations. That dream never materialized; however, the Expos saw his baseball potential and signed him in 1984. By 1990, Walker became their starting right fielder, propelling them to the majors' best record in 1994 when that year's strike stopped their first serious World Series run. He signed with the Rockies as a free agent following the season, and, during a six-year period starting in 1997, was the major league batting leader three times while finishing second in the NL twice. In 1997, he also led the league in home runs, OBP, SLG, while joining the 30–30 club, registering 12 outfield assists and leading his position with four double plays turned.
Desiring a trade to a contending team, the Rockies sent Walker to St. Louis in the middle of their 105-win season of 2004 and he made his first World Series appearance while tying or setting three Cardinals postseason records. He announced his retirement from playing baseball after Game 6 of the 2005 National League Championship Series. Following his playing career, Walker has served as a guest instructor for the Cardinals, and, since 2009, has coached the Canadian national team. In that time, Team Canada has competed in three World Baseball Classic (WBC) tournaments, and twice at the Pan Am Games, winning consecutive Pan Am gold medals in 2011 and 2015. Active on the American Baseball Hall of Fame ballot as of 2019, he has appeared nine times in ten years of eligibility, receiving 54.6 of 75 percent required to gain election.Lefty Grove
Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove (March 6, 1900 – May 22, 1975) was an American professional baseball pitcher. After having success in the minor leagues during the early 1920s, Grove became a star in Major League Baseball with the American League's Philadelphia Athletics and Boston Red Sox. One of the greatest pitchers in history, Grove led the American League in wins in four separate seasons, in strikeouts seven years in a row, and had the league's lowest earned run average a record nine times. Over the course of the three years from 1929 to 1931 he twice won the pitcher's Triple Crown, leading the league in wins, strikeouts, and ERA, while amassing a 79-15 record and leading the Athletics to three straight AL championships. Overall, Grove won 300 games in his 17-year MLB career. He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1947.Players Choice Awards
The Players Choice Awards are annual Major League Baseball awards, given by the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA).
The Players Choice Awards are given following a secret ballot by players. Four awards go to a player in each league, while two awards each go to one player in all of Major League Baseball. Prize money is donated to a charity of each winner's choice.The first Players Choice Awards were given in 1992, to the Comeback Player in each of the two major leagues. There were no other awards that year. In 1993, the Comeback Player awards were replaced by an Outstanding Player award for each league. Then, in 1994, two more categories were added: Outstanding Pitcher (in each league) and Outstanding Rookie (in each league).
In 1997, the dual Comeback Player awards were again named, along with the first-ever single award — the Man of the Year — for one player in all of Major League Baseball. In 1998, a second non-dual award was added, Player of the Year. In addition, the Man of the Year award was renamed in honor of Marvin Miller, former executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. In 1999, a special Player of the Decade award was given.
In 2015, a third non-dual award was created. The "Always Game" award is given to the player who – game in and game out – constantly exhibits positive energy, grit, tenacity, hustle, perseverance, relentlessness and sportsmanship; all for the benefit of his teammates and fans.Rube Waddell
George Edward "Rube" Waddell (October 13, 1876 – April 1, 1914) was an American southpaw pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB). In a career spanning 13 years, he played for the Louisville Colonels (1897, 1899), Pittsburgh Pirates (1900–01) and Chicago Orphans (1901) in the National League, and the Philadelphia Athletics (1902–07) and St. Louis Browns (1908–10) in the American League. Born in Bradford, Pennsylvania, Waddell was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.
Waddell was a remarkably dominant strikeout pitcher in an era when batters mostly slapped at the ball to get singles. He had an excellent fastball, a sharp-breaking curveball, a screwball, and superb control (his strikeout-to-walk ratio was almost 3-to-1). He led the major leagues in strikeouts for six consecutive years.Sporting News Pitcher of the Year Award
Sporting News established the Pitcher of the Year Award in 1944. Until the award was replaced by two separate awards in 2013, it was given annually to the pitcher in each league having the most outstanding season. No awards were given in 1946 or 1947. This award was established before there was a Cy Young Award. The Cy Young Award is voted by baseball writers from each city, and critics claim the writers who follow a particular team or player throughout a season are naturally disposed to vote for him. Starting in 2013, the Starting Pitcher of the Year Award and Relief Pitcher of the Year Award are given annually to the starting and relief pitchers in each league judged by Sporting News baseball experts as having had the most outstanding season, and is one of the oldest and most prestigious pitching awards in Major League Baseball.Triple Crown
A Triple Crown is the act of winning or completing the three most important or difficult or prestigious events, tournaments, or prizes in a given field. Originating in England in the mid-19th century in the sport of horse racing, it has spread to other competitive endeavors.
Book:Major League Baseball Triple Crown
Major League Baseball records
Baseball statistics (types of records)
Major League Baseball batters who have won the Triple Crown
Major League Baseball pitchers who have won the Triple Crown