In biology, a tribe is a taxonomic rank above genus, but below family and subfamily. It is sometimes subdivided into subtribes. By convention, all taxonomic ranks above genus are capitalized, including both tribe and subtribe.
In zoology, the standard ending for the name of a zoological tribe is "-ini". Examples include the tribes Caprini (goat-antelopes), Hominini (hominins), Bombini (bumblebees), and Thunnini (tunas). The tribe Hominini is divided into subtribes by some scientists; subtribe Hominina then comprises "humans". The standard ending for the name of a zoological subtribe is "-ina".
In botany, the standard ending for the name of a botanical tribe is "-eae". Examples include the tribes Acalypheae and Hyacintheae. The tribe Hyacintheae is divided into subtribes, including the subtribe Massoniinae. The standard ending for the name of a botanical subtribe is "-inae".
An unfamiliar taxonomic rank can not necessarily be identified as a tribe merely by the presence of one of the standard suffixes: [note 1]
Accordingly, working within animals alone, subfamily -inae, tribe -ini, and subtribe -ina are unique suffixes to their specific taxonomic ranks. At the other extreme, working within algae alone, -eae suffixes class -phyceae, suborder -ineae, family -aceae, subfamily -oideae, and tribe -eae. The longer suffixes themselves suffixed with -eae must first be eliminated before recognizing an unfamiliar -eae designation as belonging to rank tribe.
A tribe is a clan-based social structure.
Tribe, tribes or the Tribe may also refer to:
Tribe (Native American), indigenous nations in the United States
Tribe (Greek), or phyle, an ancient Greek term for tribe or clan
Tribes, administrative divisions of the Tribal Assembly of ancient Rome
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of IndiaTribus
Tribus may refer to
Tribe, a social group, originally:
a division of the citizenry of ancient Rome; see Tribal Assembly
Tribus (song), an EP released by Brazilian Thrash metal band Sepultura
Myron Tribus, b. 1921, director of the Center for Advanced Engineering Study at MIT
Tribus (carriage), a type of cabriolet, a horse-drawn carriage
Tribe (biology), a taxonomical rank