Trent Lott

Chester Trent Lott Sr. (born October 9, 1941) is an American politician and author. A former United States Senator from Mississippi, Lott served in numerous leadership positions in both the United States House of Representatives and the Senate. He entered Congress as one of the first of a wave of Republicans winning seats in Southern states that had been solidly Democratic. He became Senate Majority Leader, then stepped down from power after praising Strom Thurmond's 1948 segregationist Dixiecrat presidential bid.

From 1968 to 1972, Lott was an administrative assistant to Representative William M. Colmer of Mississippi, who was also the chairman of the House Rules Committee. Upon Colmer's retirement, Lott won Colmer's former seat in the House of Representatives. In 1988, Lott ran successfully for the U.S. Senate to replace another retiree, John C. Stennis. After Republicans took the majority in the Senate, Lott became Senate Majority Whip in 1995 and then Senate Majority Leader in 1996, upon the resignation of presidential nominee Bob Dole of Kansas.

On December 20, 2002, after significant controversy following comments regarding Strom Thurmond's presidential candidacy, Lott resigned as Senate Minority Leader. He resigned from the Senate in 2007 and fellow Republican Roger Wicker won the 2008 special election to replace him. Lott became a lobbyist, co-founding the Breaux–Lott Leadership Group. The firm was later acquired by law and lobbying firm Patton Boggs. Lott serves as a Senior Fellow at the Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC), where he focuses on issues related to energy, national security, transportation and congressional reforms. Lott is also a co-chair of BPC's Energy Project.

Trent Lott
Trent Lott official portrait
Senate Majority Leader
In office
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
DeputyDon Nickles
Preceded byTom Daschle
Succeeded byTom Daschle
In office
June 12, 1996 – January 3, 2001
Preceded byBob Dole
Succeeded byTom Daschle
Senate Minority Leader
In office
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
DeputyDon Nickles
Preceded byTom Daschle
Succeeded byTom Daschle
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
DeputyDon Nickles
Preceded byTom Daschle
Succeeded byTom Daschle
Senate Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 2007 – December 18, 2007
LeaderMitch McConnell
Preceded byDick Durbin
Succeeded byJon Kyl
Senate Majority Whip
In office
January 3, 1995 – June 12, 1996
LeaderBob Dole
Preceded byWendell Ford
Succeeded byDon Nickles
United States Senator
from Mississippi
In office
January 3, 1989 – December 18, 2007
Preceded byJohn C. Stennis
Succeeded byRoger Wicker
House Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1989
LeaderRobert H. Michel
Preceded byRobert H. Michel
Succeeded byDick Cheney
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1989
Preceded byWilliam M. Colmer
Succeeded byLarkin I. Smith
Personal details
Born
Chester Trent Lott

October 9, 1941 (age 77)
Grenada, Mississippi, U.S.
Political partyRepublican (1972–present)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic (before 1972)
Spouse(s)Patricia Thompson
Children2
EducationUniversity of Mississippi (BPA, JD)
Signature
Trent Lott's signature

Early life

Lott was born in Grenada, Mississippi, and lived his early years in nearby Duck Hill, where his father, Chester Paul Lott, sharecropped a stretch of cotton field. Lott's mother, the former Iona Watson, was a schoolteacher. Lott's father was a philanderer with a drinking problem, and Lott frequently acted as a mediator when his mother threatened his father with divorce.[1] When Lott was in the sixth grade, the family moved to Pascagoula, where Lott's father worked at a shipyard.[2] Lott attended college at the University of Mississippi in Oxford, where he obtained an undergraduate degree in public administration in 1963 and a Juris doctor degree in 1967. He served as a field representative for Ole Miss and was president of his fraternity, Sigma Nu. Lott was also an Ole Miss cheerleader, on the same team with future U.S. Senator Thad Cochran.[3] Regarding his education, the Congressional Record from 1999 quotes Senator Lott declaring: "I am a product of public education from the first grade through the second, third, and fourth grades where I went to school at Duck Hill, Mississippi, and I had better teachers in the second, third, and fourth grades in Duck Hill, Mississippi, than I had the rest of my life."[4] Lott married Patricia Thompson on December 27, 1964. The couple has two children: Chester Trent "Chet" Lott Jr., and Tyler Lott.

While an undergraduate at the University of Mississippi, Lott participated in the effort at the 1964 national convention of the Sigma Nu fraternity to oppose a civil rights amendment proposed by the Dartmouth College and Duke University chapters to end mandatory racial exclusion by the fraternity. Lott sided with the segregationists who defeated the amendment. The Dartmouth chapter subsequently seceded from the fraternity, and Sigma Nu remained whites-only until later in the decade.[5][6]

Political career

House of Representatives

Ronald Reagan and Trent Lott
Lott with President Ronald Reagan in 1982
Gingrich and Lott
Sen. Trent Lott with Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich (R-GA) at the 2004 Republican National Convention; both Lott and Gingrich provided consistent support to President George W. Bush

He served as administrative assistant to House Rules Committee chairman William M. Colmer, also of Pascagoula, from 1968 to 1972.

In 1972, Colmer, one of the most conservative Democrats in the House, announced his retirement after 40 years in Congress. He endorsed Lott as his successor in Mississippi's 5th District, located in the state's southwestern tip, even though Lott ran as a Republican. Lott won handily, in large part due to Richard Nixon's landslide victory in that year's presidential election. Nixon won the 5th district with an astonishing 87 percent of the vote; it was his strongest congressional district in the entire nation.[7]

Lott and his future Senate colleague, Thad Cochran (also elected to Congress that year), were only the second and third Republicans elected to Congress from Mississippi since Reconstruction (Prentiss Walker was the first in 1964). Lott's strong showing in the polls landed him on the powerful House Judiciary Committee as a freshman, where he voted against all three articles of impeachment drawn up against Nixon during the committee's debate. After Nixon released the infamous "smoking gun" transcripts (which proved Nixon's involvement in the Watergate cover-up), however, Lott announced that he would vote to impeach Nixon when the articles came up for debate before the full House (as did the other Republicans who voted against impeachment in committee).

Lott became very popular in his district, even though almost none of its living residents had been represented by a Republican before. As evidence, in November 1974, Lott won a second term in a blowout. Cochran was also reelected in a rout; he and Lott were the first Republicans to win a second term in Congress from the state since Reconstruction. They were among the few bright spots in a year that saw many Republicans turned out of office due to anger over Watergate. Lott was re-elected six more times without much difficulty, and even ran unopposed in 1978. In 1980, he served as Ronald Reagan's Mississippi state chairman.[8] He served as House Minority Whip (the second-ranking Republican in the House) from 1981 to 1989; he was the first Southern Republican to hold such a high leadership position.

United States Senate

George W. Bush in the Oval Office 2001 west door opened
Lott with President George W. Bush in 2001

Lott ran for the Senate in 1988, after 42-year incumbent John Stennis announced he would not run for another term. He defeated Democratic 4th District Congressman Wayne Dowdy by almost eight points. Lott won by running up a 70 percent margin in his congressional district, and was also helped by George H. W. Bush easily carrying the state in the presidential election. He never faced another contest nearly that close. He was re-elected in 1994, 2000, and 2006 with no substantive Democratic opposition. He gave some thought to retirement for much of 2005, however, after Hurricane Katrina, he announced on January 17, 2006 that he would run for a fourth term.

He became Senate Majority Whip when the Republicans took control of the Senate in 1995. In June 1996, he ran for the post of Senate Majority Leader to succeed Republican Bob Dole, who had resigned from the Senate to concentrate on his presidential campaign. Lott faced his Mississippi colleague Thad Cochran, the then-Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference. Cochran cast himself as an "institutionalist" and who would held to rebuild public trust in Congress through compromise over conflict. Lott promised a "more aggressive" style of leadership and courted the younger Senate conservatives. Lott won by 44 votes to 8.[9] As majority leader, Lott had a major role in the Senate trial following the impeachment of President Bill Clinton. After the House narrowly voted to impeach Clinton, Lott proceeded with the Senate trial in early 1999, despite criticisms that Republicans were far short of the two-thirds majority required under the Constitution to convict Clinton and remove him from office. He later agreed to a decision to suspend the proceedings after the Senate voted not to convict Clinton.

Lott generally pursued a conservative position in politics and was a noted social conservative. For instance, in 1998, Lott caused some controversy in Congress when as a guest on the Armstrong Williams television show, he equated homosexuality with alcoholism, kleptomania and sex addiction. When Williams, a conservative talk show host, asked Lott whether homosexuality is a sin, Lott simply replied, "Yes, it is."[10] Lott's stance against homosexuality was disconcerting to liberal Democratic Party elected officials and the Human Rights Campaign Fund, an advocacy group for gay rights.[11]

According to the Anti-Defamation League, Lott was a frequent speaker at the white supremacist group Council of Conservative Citizens.[12] Although he denied knowing of the group's intentions,[13] it was later revealed members of his family had CCC membership.[14]

After the 2000 elections produced a 50–50 partisan split in the Senate, Vice President Al Gore's tie-breaking vote gave the Democrats the majority from January 3 to 20, 2001, when George W. Bush took office and Vice President Dick Cheney's tie-breaking vote gave the Republicans the majority once again. Later in 2001, he became Senate Minority Leader again after Vermont senator Jim Jeffords became an independent and caucused with the Democrats, allowing them to regain the majority. He was due to become majority leader again in early 2003 after Republican gains in the November 2002 elections.

Resignation from Senate leadership

Lott spoke on December 5, 2002, at the 100th birthday party of Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, a retiring Republican Senator who, like Lott, had switched parties from the Democrats decades earlier. Thurmond had run for President of the United States in 1948 on the Dixiecrat (or States' Rights Democratic) ticket. Lott said: "When Strom Thurmond ran for president, we voted for him. We're proud of it. And if the rest of the country had followed our lead, we wouldn't have had all these problems over the years, either."[15]

Thurmond had based his presidential campaign largely on an explicit States' Rights platform that challenged the Civil Rights Movement and later, the Civil Rights Act as illegally overturning the Separation of powers under the United States Constitution and called for the preservation of racial segregation. The Washington Post reported that Lott had made similar comments about Thurmond's candidacy in a 1980 rally.[15] Lott gave an interview with Black Entertainment Television explaining himself and repudiating Thurmond's former views.[16]

In the wake of controversy, Lott resigned as Senate Republican Leader on December 20, 2002, effective at the start of the next session, January 3, 2003. Bill Frist of Tennessee was later elected to the leadership position. In the book Free Culture, Lawrence Lessig argues that Lott's resignation would not have occurred had it not been for the effect of Internet blogs. He says that though the story "disappear[ed] from the mainstream press within forty-eight hours", "bloggers kept researching the story" until, "finally, the story broke back into the mainstream press."[17]

Lott Portrait
Lott's official Senate portrait

After losing the Majority Leader post, Lott was less visible on the national scene, although he did break with some standard conservative positions. He battled with Bush over military base closures in his home state. He showed support for passenger rail initiatives, notably his 2006 bipartisan introduction, with Sen. Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey, of legislation to provide 80 percent federal matching grants to intercity rail and guarantee adequate funding for Amtrak.[18] On July 18, 2006, Lott voted with 19 Republican senators for the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act to lift restrictions on federal funding for the research. On November 15, 2006 Lott regained a leadership position in the Senate, when he was named Minority Whip after defeating Lamar Alexander of Tennessee 25–24.[19]

Senator John E. Sununu (R) of New Hampshire said, after Lott's election as Senate Minority Whip, "He understands the rules. He's a strong negotiator." Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R) said he's "the smartest legislative politician I've ever met."[20]

2006 re-election campaign

Lott faced no Republican opposition in the race. State representative Erik R. Fleming placed first of four candidates in the June Democratic primary, but did not receive the 50 percent of the vote required to earn the party's nomination. Fleming and second-place finisher Bill Bowlin faced off in a runoff on June 27, and Fleming won with 65% of the vote. Fleming, however, was not regarded as a serious opponent, and Lott handily defeated him with 64% of the vote.

Resignation

On November 26, 2007, Lott announced that he would resign his Senate seat by the end of 2007.[21] According to CNN, his resignation was at least partly due to the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act, which forbade lawmakers from lobbying for two years after leaving office. Those who left by the end of 2007 were covered by the previous law, which required a wait of only one year.[22] In an interview regarding his resignation, Lott said that the new law "didn't have a big role" in his decision to resign.[23]

Lott's resignation became effective at 11:30 p.m. on December 18, 2007.[24] On January 7, 2008, it was announced that Lott and former Senator John Breaux of Louisiana, a Democrat, opened their lobbying firm about a block from the White House.[25]

Post-Senate career

In December 2007, he co-founded the Breaux-Lott Leadership Group, a "strategic advice, consulting, and lobbying" firm.[26][27][28] The firm was later acquired by law and lobbying firm Patton Boggs.,[29] now Squire Patton Boggs following the June 2014 merger with Squire Sanders. In September 2014, lobbyist filings revealed that Lott was contracted to advocate on behalf of Gazprombank, a Russian majority state-owned bank targeted with sanctions over the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine.[30] Lott also serves on the board of directors of Airbus North America.[27]

On October 10, 2008, Lott was named Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin.

Lott is a Freemason, and holds the Grand Cross in the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite.[31]

Lott is on the Board of Selectors of Jefferson Awards for Public Service.[32]

In 2018 Sacha Baron Cohen's television program Who Is America? premiered showing Lott supporting the "kinderguardians program" which supported training toddlers with firearms. Lott appeared not to know it was a hoax.

Richard Scruggs controversy

On November 29, 2007, The New York Times noted that Lott's brother-in-law, Richard Scruggs, was indicted on charges of offering a $40,000 bribe to a Mississippi state judge in a fee dispute. Scruggs represented Lott and then Representative Gene Taylor in settlements with State Farm Insurance company after the insurer refused to pay claims for the loss of their Mississippi homes in Hurricane Katrina. Lott and Taylor had pushed through federal legislation to investigate claims handling of State Farm and other insurers after Hurricane Katrina, a potential conflict of interest.[33][34] On July 30, 2008, the Associated Press reported that during a deposition related to the Hurricane Katrina claims, Zach Scruggs, son of Richard Scruggs, was asked by State Farm Fire & Casualty Cos. attorney Jim Robie, "Has it been your custom and habit in prosecuting litigation to have Senator Lott contact and encourage witnesses to give false information?" Zach Scruggs responded, "I invoke my Fifth Amendment rights in response to that question."[35] On February 14, 2009, The New York Times noted in relation to an indictment of Judge Bobby DeLaughter for taking bribes from Scruggs that federal prosecutors have said that Lott was induced by Scruggs to offer DeLaughter a federal judgeship in order to gain the judge's favor.[36] The Richard Scruggs controversy was the subject of the 2009 book Kings of Tort in 2009 by Alan Lange,[37] and the 2010 book The Fall of the House of Zeus: The Rise and Ruin of America's Most Powerful Trial Lawyer.

Author

Lott's memoir, entitled Herding Cats: A Life in Politics, was published in 2005. In the book, Lott spoke out on the remark he made at the Strom Thurmond birthday party, former Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, and about his feelings of betrayal toward the Tennessee senator, claiming "If Frist had not announced exactly when he did, as the fire was about to burn out, I would still be majority leader of the Senate today."[38] He also described former Democratic Leader Tom Daschle of South Dakota as trustworthy.[39] He also reveals that President George W. Bush, then–Secretary of State Colin Powell, and other GOP leaders played a major role in ending his career as Senate Republican Leader.[40]

Legacy

Trent Lott Academy in the Pascagoula School District is named after him.

Further reading

  • Lott, Trent. Herding Cats: A Life in Politics (Regan Books: 2005). ISBN 0-06-059931-6.
  • Orey, Byron D'Andra. "Racial Threat, Republicanism, and the Rebel Flag: Trent Lott and the 2006 Mississippi Senate Race", National Political Science Review July 2009, Vol. 12, pp. 83–96.

References

  1. ^ Lott, Tren (August 23, 2005). Herding Cats: A Life in Politics. ISBN 9780060599317.
  2. ^ "Iona Watson Lott (Obituary)". Rome News-Tribune. July 12, 2005.
  3. ^ Weeks, Linton (January 8, 1999). "Two From Ole Miss, Hitting It Big". The Washington Post.
  4. ^ "Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965". Congressional Record. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1999.
  5. ^ Sweet, Kimberly (December 18, 2002). "Duke frat alumni recall taking anti-segregation stand Sen. Lott's role renews interest in '64 Sigma Nu vote". The Durham Herald Sun.
  6. ^ Tumulty, Karen (December 12, 2002). "Trent Lott's Segregationist College Days". Time.
  7. ^ Barone, Michael; et al. The Almanac of American Politics (1976), p. 465.
  8. ^ Kornacki, Steve (February 3, 2011) The "Southern Strategy", fulfilled Archived April 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Salon.com
  9. ^ David Hawkings (June 8, 2014). "What Cochran Vs. Lott Said About Today's GOP Civil War". Roll Call. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  10. ^ Mitchell, Alison (June 17, 1998). "Controversy Over Lott's Views of Homosexuals". The New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  11. ^ Mitchell, Alison (June 17, 1998). "Controversy Over Lott's Views of Homosexuals" – via NYTimes.com.
  12. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080521030435/http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/CCCitizens.asp?xpicked=3&item=12
  13. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/06/22/the-odd-political-success-of-the-white-supremacist-council-of-conservative-citizens-explained/
  14. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/daily/march99/lott29.htm
  15. ^ a b Edsall, Thomas B.; Faler, Brian (December 11, 2002). "Lott Remarks on Thurmond Echoed 1980 Words". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  16. ^ Transcript of Lott interview on BET, December 13, 2002
  17. ^ Lessig, Larry (2004). Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity. ISBN 978-1-59420-006-9.
  18. ^ Holt, Tim (April 30, 2006). "Ranting about rail". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  19. ^ Babington, Charles (November 16, 2006). "Lott Rejoins Senate Leadership". Washington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2007.
  20. ^ Calabresi, Massimo (November 19, 2006). "The Revival of Trent Lott". Time Magazine. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
  21. ^ Trent Lott announces his resignation MSNBC.com
  22. ^ "Senate's No. 2 Republican to resign by end of year". CNN.com. November 26, 2007. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  23. ^ "Is Trent Lott Leaving Senate To Dodge New Ethics Law on Lobbying?". Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ Radelat, Ana (January 8, 2008). "Lott joins heavy lawmaker-to-lobbyist trend". Clarion-Ledger.
  26. ^ Perks, Ashley (December 8, 2009). "Trent Lott keeps his Southern ties through lobbying".
  27. ^ a b "Revolving Door: Trent Lott Employment Summary - OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org.
  28. ^ Breaux Lott Leadership Group Archived January 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Eggen, Dan (July 2, 2010). "Patton Boggs lobbying firm buys group run by Lott, Breaux". The Washington Post.
  30. ^ Cohen, Alexander (September 2, 2014). "Russian bank hires two former U.S. senators". Center for Public Integrity. Archived from the original on September 15, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  31. ^ "Bio: Trent Lott". CBS News. February 11, 2009. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ Treaster, Joseph (November 29, 2007). "Lawyer Battling for Katrina Payments Is Indicted". New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  34. ^ Koppelman, Alex (November 29, 2007). "Tell us again why you're retiring, Senator". Salon.com. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  35. ^ Mohr, Holbrook (July 30, 2009). "Lawyer suggests Scruggs got witness help from Lott". SunHerald.com. Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved August 3, 2008.
  36. ^ Nossiter, Adam (February 14, 2009). "Civil Rights Hero, Now a Judge, Is Indicted in a Bribery Case". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
  37. ^ Lange, Alan; et al. (2009). Kings of Tort. Pediment Publishing. p. 255. ISBN 978-1-59725-244-7.
  38. ^ Lott, Herding Cats: A Life in Politics (2005), p. 273.
  39. ^ Lott, Herding Cats: A Life In Politics (2005), p. 211.
  40. ^ Lott, Herding Cats: A Life In Politics (2005), pp. 271–272.

External links

Articles
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William M. Colmer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Mississippi's 5th congressional district

1973–1989
Succeeded by
Larkin I. Smith
Preceded by
Robert H. Michel
House Minority Whip
1981–1989
Succeeded by
Dick Cheney
Party political offices
Preceded by
Robert H. Michel
House Republican Whip
1981–1989
Succeeded by
Dick Cheney
Preceded by
Haley Barbour
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Mississippi
(Class 1)

1988, 1994, 2000, 2006
Succeeded by
Roger Wicker
Preceded by
Bob Kasten
Secretary of the Senate Republican Conference
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Connie Mack III
Preceded by
Alan K. Simpson
Senate Republican Whip
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Don Nickles
Preceded by
Bob Dole
Senate Republican Leader
1996–2003
Succeeded by
Bill Frist
Preceded by
J. C. Watts
Response to the State of the Union address
1998
Succeeded by
Jennifer Dunn
Steve Largent
Preceded by
Mitch McConnell
Senate Republican Whip
2007
Succeeded by
Jon Kyl
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John C. Stennis
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi
1989–2007
Served alongside: Thad Cochran
Succeeded by
Roger Wicker
Preceded by
Wendell Ford
Senate Majority Whip
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Don Nickles
Preceded by
Bob Dole
Senate Majority Leader
1996–2001
Succeeded by
Tom Daschle
Preceded by
Tom Daschle
Senate Minority Leader
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Tom Daschle
Preceded by
Mitch McConnell
Chair of the Senate Rules Committee
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Dianne Feinstein
Preceded by
Chris Dodd
Chair of the Joint Inaugural Ceremonies Committee
2004–2005
Preceded by
Dick Durbin
Senate Minority Whip
2007
Succeeded by
Jon Kyl
1988 United States Senate election in Mississippi

The 1988 United States Senate election in Mississippi was held on November 8, 1988. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator John C. Stennis decided to retire instead of seeking an eighth term. Republican Trent Lott won the open seat.

1994 United States Senate election in Mississippi

The 1994 United States Senate election in Mississippi was held November 7, 1994. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Trent Lott won re-election to a second term.

1998 State of the Union Address

The 1998 State of the Union address was given by President Bill Clinton to a joint session of the 105th United States Congress on Tuesday, January 27, 1998. The speech was the second State of the Union address of President Clinton's second term.

President Clinton discussed the federal budget, taxes and focused on the budget deficit, then at $10 billion. The president also discussed education, foreign relations, science funding, development, space travel and the Internet.

In the speech, the president acknowledged the deaths of Representatives Walter Capps and Sonny Bono.

The speech lasted 1:16:43 and consisted of 7,303 words.The Republican Party response was delivered by Senator Trent Lott of Mississippi.William Daley, the Secretary of Commerce, served as the designated survivor.

2000 United States Senate election in Mississippi

The 2000 United States Senate election in Mississippi was held on November 7, 2000. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Trent Lott won re-election to a third term.

2006 United States Senate election in Mississippi

The 2006 United States Senate election in Mississippi was held November 7, 2006. Incumbent Republican Trent Lott won re-election to a fourth term.

2008 United States Senate special election in Mississippi

The 2008 United States Senate special election in Mississippi was held on November 4, 2008. This election was held on the same day of Thad Cochran's re-election bid in the United States Senate election in Mississippi, 2008. The winner of this special election served the rest of the Senate term, which ended in January 2013. Unlike most senate elections, this was a non-partisan election in which the candidate who got a majority of the vote wins, and if the first place candidate did not get 50%, a runoff election with the top two candidates would have been held. In the election, no run off was necessary as Republican nominee and incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Roger Wicker won election to finish the term.

2019 Mississippi gubernatorial election

The 2019 Mississippi gubernatorial election will take place on November 5, 2019, to choose the next governor of Mississippi. Primary elections will occur on August 6, 2019. Incumbent Republican Governor Phil Bryant is ineligible to run for a third term due to term limits.

Don Nickles

Donald Lee Nickles (born December 6, 1948) is an American politician and lobbyist who was a Republican United States Senator from Oklahoma from 1981 until 2005. He was considered both a fiscal and social conservative. After retiring from the Senate as the longest serving senator from Oklahoma (1981-2003), he founded the Nickles Group, a lobbying firm.

Herding cats

Herding cats may refer to:

An idiom denoting a futile attempt to control or organize a class of entities which are inherently uncontrollable – as in the difficulty of attempting to command a large number of cats into a group (herd).

Cat Herders, a commercial from Electronic Data Systems, also known as Herding Cats (commercial)

Herding Cats: A Life in Politics, a 2005 book written by Senator Trent Lott

Herding Cats (album) (1999), the second album by the band Gaelic Storm

Herding Cats, a play by Lucinda Coxon

Herding Cats, a book by Graeme Davies, metallurgist and university administrator

Herding Cats: Multiparty Mediation in a Complex World, a book by Chester Crocker, diplomat

Herding Cats: A "Sarah's Scribbles" Collection, a book by Sarah Andersen, cartoonist

Joey Hood

Joey Hood (born December 11, 1976) is a Republican member of the Mississippi House of Representatives from Ackerman, Mississippi. Hood attended the French Camp Academy in French Camp, Mississippi and received a history and political science degree from Mississippi State University. He then worked for Republican senator Trent Lott in Washington D.C.. Hood later returned to Mississippi to study at the Mississippi College School of Law and became a law clerk and attorney.On August 2, 2011, Hood won a Republican primary election and stood as his party's candidate for District 35. No Democrat ran against him and Hood easily defeated the Libertarian candidate in the November 8, 2011 general election.

PQL (disambiguation)

PQL, pql, or variation, may refer to:

Trent Lott International Airport (FAA id: PQL; IATA airport code: PGL; ICAO airport code: KPQL), Pascagoula, Jackson County, Mississippi, USA

The Porcupine's Quill (PQL) publishing company based in Erie, Ontario, Canada

Project Quantum Leap, a fictional time travel project from the TV series Quantum Leap

Process Query Language, a database query language

Papyrus Query Language, a proprietary query language for databases on the Papyrus Platform

Pascagoula, Mississippi

Pascagoula is a city in Jackson County, Mississippi, United States. It is the principal city of the Pascagoula Metropolitan Statistical Area, as a part of the Gulfport–Biloxi–Pascagoula Combined Statistical Area. The population was 22,392 at the 2010 census, down from 26,200 at the 2000 census. As of 2016 the estimated population was 21,981. It is the county seat of Jackson County.Pascagoula is a major industrial city of Mississippi, on the Gulf Coast. Prior to World War II, the town was a sleepy fishing village of about 5,000. The population exploded with the war-driven shipbuilding industry. Although the city's population seemed to peak in the late 1970s and early 1980s as Cold War defense spending was at its height, Pascagoula experienced some new growth and development in the years before Hurricane Katrina. Today, Pascagoula is home to the state's largest employer, Ingalls Shipbuilding, owned by Huntington Ingalls Industries. Other major industries include the largest Chevron refinery in the world; Signal International, an oil platform builder; and Mississippi Phosphates.

Naval Station Pascagoula was located on Singing River Island and was homeport to several Navy warships, as well as a large Coast Guard contingent. However, Naval Station Pascagoula was decommissioned as part of the 2005 BRAC recommendations and ceased operations in 2006.

The city is served by three airports: Mobile Regional Airport, 34 miles (55 km) to the northeast in Alabama; Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport, about 40 miles (64 km) west of Pascagoula; and the Trent Lott International Airport, 9 miles (14 km) to the north in Jackson County.

The current mayor of the city is Dane Maxwell.

Patrick Scheuermann

Patrick Scheuermann (pronounced "Sherman") is the former Director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center located in Huntsville, Alabama. He was named to become the center's twelfth director on September 25, 2012. He succeeds Robin Henderson who had served as acting director for the preceding two months. Scheuermann served as the director of the John C. Stennis Space Center near Bay St. Louis, Mississippi from March 2010 until his appointment to Marshall. Earlier in his NASA career, he served as legislative fellow to Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott.

Roger Wicker

Roger Frederick Wicker (born July 5, 1951) is an American attorney and politician who is the senior United States Senator from Mississippi, in office since 2007. A member of the Republican Party, Wicker previously served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the Mississippi State Senate.

Wicker was an officer in the United States Air Force from 1976 to 1980 and later served as a member of the United States Air Force Reserves from 1980 to 2003. During the 1980s, he worked as a political counselor to then-Congressman Trent Lott on the House Rules Committee. In 1987, Wicker was elected a member of the Mississippi State Senate representing the 6th district, which included Tupelo.

Wicker was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1994, succeeding long-time Democrat Jamie Whitten. Wicker served in the House from 1995 to 2007, when he was appointed to the Senate by Governor Haley Barbour to fill the seat vacated by Trent Lott. Wicker subsequently won a special election for the remainder of the term in 2008 and was reelected to a full term in 2012. Wicker served as chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee from 2015 to 2017 and is a deputy Republican whip. Wicker won reelection in 2018, defeating Democratic nominee David Baria.

Tom Daschle

Thomas Andrew Daschle (; born December 9, 1947) is a retired American politician and lobbyist who served as a United States Senator from South Dakota from 1987 to 2005. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

Daschle obtained a degree at South Dakota State University, and also served in the United States Air Force. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1978 and served four terms. In 1986, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, becoming Minority Leader in 1995 and Majority Leader in 2001, becoming the highest-ranking elected official in South Dakota history.

Defeated for re-election in 2004, he took a position as a policy advisor with a lobbying firm, and also became a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress. He co-authored a book advocating universal health care.

Daschle was an early supporter of Barack Obama's presidential candidacy, and was nominated by President-elect Obama for the position of Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services after the 2008 election. However, Daschle withdrew his name on February 3, 2009, amid a growing controversy over his failure to properly report and pay income taxes. He is currently working for The Daschle Group, a Public Policy Advisory of Baker Donelson, a large law firm and lobbying group.

Trent Lott Center for Economic Development

Named after long serving Mississippi Senator Trent Lott, the Trent Lott Center for Economic Development and Entrepreneurship at The University of Southern Mississippi serves as the central authority regarding economic development service and research. Staff at The Center work alongside individuals, public entities, non-profit organizations, and businesses in order to effectively plan and implement activities that would, as a result, generate jobs and income. Furthermore, extended consideration is given to rural and impoverished areas within the state of Mississippi. The center provides expertise in strategic planning and leadership development; education and training; community analysis; and other technical support, and emphasizes client-requested assistance.

In addition, the building is the home to many of the University's economics and entrepreneurship courses, educational programs, and graduate training programs.

Trent Lott International Airport

Trent Lott International Airport (IATA: PGL, ICAO: KPQL, FAA LID: PQL) is a county-owned public-use airport located six miles (10 km) north of the central business district of Pascagoula, a city in Jackson County, Mississippi, United States. The airport is named for Trent Lott, the United States Senator from Mississippi.

Although many U.S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, Trent Lott International Airport is assigned PQL by the FAA and PGL by the IATA. PGL was formerly assigned to Jackson County Airport in Pascagoula which closed sometime between 1982 and 1989.DayJet provided an on-demand jet air taxi service from this airport to Jacksonville, Lakeland, Tallahassee, Pensacola, Gainesville, Boca Raton, Opa-Locka/Miami Dade County, Naples, Sarasota/Bradenton, Savannah, Macon, and Montgomery. This service ended in September 2008.

USS Vicksburg (CG-69)

USS Vicksburg (CG-69) is a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser serving in the United States Navy. She is named for both the land Battle of Vicksburg fought during the American Civil War, and the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Vicksburg was built by Ingalls Shipbuilding, at Pascagoula, Mississippi. Her keel was laid down on 30 May 1990, and she was launched on 7 September 1991. Vicksburg was sponsored by Tricia Lott, wife of United States Senator, Trent Lott. On 12 October 1991, Mrs. Lott christened CG-69 as Vicksburg. She was commissioned on 14 November 1992.With her guided missiles and rapid-fire cannons, Vicksburg is capable of facing threats in the air, on the sea, ashore, and underneath the sea. She is also capable of carrying two SH-60 Sea Hawk Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS III) helicopters.

Vicksburg was originally named Port Royal, but was changed during construction. She is the only Ticonderoga-class vessel to have a formal name change. CG-73 was later named Port Royal.The previous Vicksburg was a Cleveland-class light cruiser during and after World War II. Vicksburg's crest has two stars on the streamer in the eagle's beak representing the two battle stars awarded to her predecessor.

William M. Colmer

William Meyers Colmer (February 11, 1890 – September 9, 1980) was a Mississippi politician.

Colmer was born in Moss Point, Mississippi, and attended Millsaps College. He served in the military during World War I.

Colmer was elected Jackson County attorney in 1921, becoming district attorney in 1928.

In 1932, Colmer was elected to the House of Representatives as a Democrat from Mississippi's 6th District, located on the Gulf Coast. He was reelected 19 times. His district was renumbered the 5th after the 1960 Census, when Mississippi's declining proportion of the US population due to the Great Migration cost it a congressional seat.

Originally elected as a supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, Colmer became increasingly conservative as the years passed. He became disenchanted as the national Democratic Party began to support the Civil Rights Movement. After the Brown v. Board of Education (1954) decision by the United States Supreme Court, ruling that public school segregation was unconstitutional, Colmer helped to get Southern Democratic congressmen to sign the "Southern Manifesto" declaring their resistance.

Colmer endorsed the unpledged electors slate in 1960, Republican Party presidential candidates Barry Goldwater in 1964, and Richard Nixon in 1972. Because of his seniority, he advanced to the position as chairman of the Rules Committee, serving from 1967 to 1973.

Colmer did not run for reelection in 1972. He endorsed his administrative assistant, Trent Lott, as his successor, although Lott ran as a Republican. Colmer served longer in either house of Congress than anyone in Mississippi's history except Jamie Whitten, who served 54 years in Congress.

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