Travis Jackson

Travis Calvin Jackson (November 2, 1903 – July 27, 1987) was an American baseball shortstop. In Major League Baseball (MLB), Jackson played for the New York Giants from 1922 through 1936, winning the 1933 World Series, and representing the Giants in the MLB All-Star in 1934. After his retirement as a player, Jackson managed in minor league baseball through to the 1960 season.

Jackson was discovered by Kid Elberfeld at a minor league baseball game at the age of 14. Elberfeld signed Jackson to his first professional contract, and recommended him to John McGraw, manager of the Giants. His exceptional range at shortstop led to the nickname "Stonewall."[1] Jackson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1982.

Travis Jackson
Travis Jackson playing for the New York Giants
Jackson in 1923
Shortstop
Born: November 2, 1903
Waldo, Arkansas
Died: July 27, 1987 (aged 83)
Waldo, Arkansas
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 22, 1922, for the New York Giants
Last MLB appearance
September 24, 1936, for the New York Giants
MLB statistics
Batting average.291
Home runs135
Runs batted in929
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1982
Election MethodVeterans Committee

Early life

Jackson was born in Waldo, Arkansas on November 2, 1903. He was the only child of William Jackson, a wholesale grocer, and his wife Etta, who named their son after William B. Travis, a lieutenant colonel who died at the Battle of the Alamo.[2] Jackson's father bought him a baseball when he was three years old, and they often played catch together.[3]

Jackson's uncle took him to a Little Rock Travelers minor-league game when he was 14 years old. At the game, Jackson's uncle introduced him to Kid Elberfeld, telling Elberfeld that his nephew was a talented baseball player.[2] Elberfeld observed Jackson in an impromtu workout, and asked Jackson to contact him when he was ready to begin his professional career.[2][3]

Jackson attended Ouachita Baptist University in Arkadelphia, Arkansas, where he starred on the college baseball team.[4] While there, he injured his knee, and this injury would recur during Jackson's career.[4]

Professional career

Playing career

Following Jackson's collegiate career, Elberfeld signed Jackson to his first contract, and he played for Little Rock in 1921 and 1922.[2] Jackson committed 72 errors during the 1922 season, which he considered the "world record for errors".[4]

Despite this, Elberfeld recommended Jackson to John McGraw, manager of the New York Giants of the National League (NL), who was entitled to a Travelers player as he had lent a player to the team in 1922.[4] McGraw signed Jackson to a contract on June 30, effective at the end of the Southern Association's 1922 season.[5]

Jackson debuted with the Giants on September 22, 1922, appearing in three games. With Dave Bancroft and Heinie Groh, the Giants' starting shortstop and third baseman respectively, sidelined with injuries incurred during the 1923 season, Jackson drew notice as a fill-in.[6] McGraw was confident enough in Jackson's abilities to trade Bancroft before the 1924 season, choosing Jackson to be the Giants' starting shortstop.[7][8] Though there was doubt that Jackson could adequately replace Bancroft,[9][10] Jackson played in 151 games during the 1924 season[11] and hit .302 with 11 home runs. The Giants lost the 1924 World Series to the Washington Senators, with Jackson committing a key error in Game 7.[12]

Jackson was considered one of the best shortstops of his era,[13] and he led NL shortstops with a .970 fielding percentage in 1931.[4] However, he missed considerable playing time in his career resulting from injuries and illnesses. Jackson reinjured his knee in 1925,[4] missed significant time during the 1926 season[14] and had surgery for appendicitis during the 1927 season.[15] He missed time with mumps in 1930[16] and influenza in 1932,[17] and he continued to battle knee problems, missing much of the 1932 and 1933 seasons.[18] Jackson was said to "at 28, already [have] one foot in the minors".[19] Despite this, manager Bill Terry said that Jackson would "make or break" the 1933 season.[18] Though Jackson fell behind Blondy Ryan on the team's depth chart during the season,[20] he returned in the 1933 World Series, which the Giants won over the Senators.[21]

TravisJacksonGoudeycard
Jackson's 1933 Goudey baseball card

Terry stayed with Jackson as the Giants' starting shortstop for the 1934 season,[1] in which he drove in 101 runs and was chosen to appear in the 1934 MLB All-Star Game.[22] Jackson played third base in his final two seasons,[23] serving as team captain,[21] although he struggled in the 1936 World Series,[24] which the Giants lost to the New York Yankees.[25] After the season, the Giants requested waivers on Jackson to assign him to the minor leagues.[26]

Jackson batted over .300 six times, including a career-high .339 in the 1930 season,[4] and hit 21 home runs in 1929. He was on four NL pennant-winning teams and one World Series champion (1933). Jackson finished his MLB career with 135 home runs and a .291 batting average.[4]

Coaching and managing career

Jackson signed a three-year contract with the Jersey City Giants of the Class-AA International League after the 1936 season. The team, which the Giants had purchased to become their farm team that offseason, was moved from Albany, New York, with Jackson to serve as player-manager.[27][28] Jackson's knees prevented him from appearing in many games with Jersey City as a player,[2] but he remained as the team's manager until July 1938, when he was replaced with Hank DeBerry. The Giants brought Jackson back to the majors as a coach for the remaining 18 months on his contract, succeeding Tommy Clarke, who became a scout.[29][30][31]

Jackson missed the next five seasons as he battled tuberculosis,[4] eventually returning to manage in the Boston Braves/Milwaukee Braves system for the Jackson Senators in the Class-B Southeastern League in 1946.[32] Jackson returned to the Giants to coach in 1947 and 1948,[30][33] receiving his unconditional release following the 1948 season.[34]

Returning to the Braves' minor league system, Jackson managed the Tampa Smokers of the Class-B Florida International League in 1949, but resigned in July during a losing streak.[35] He managed the Owensboro Oilers of the Class-D Kentucky–Illinois–Tennessee League in 1950, and began the 1951 season managing the Bluefield Blue-Greys of the Class-D Appalachian League, but was reassigned to the Hartford Chiefs of the Class-A Eastern League when Hartford manager Tommy Holmes was named the Braves' manager.[36] Jackson managed the Appleton Papermakers of the Class-D Wisconsin State League in 1952 and 1953, the Lawton Braves of the Class-D Sooner State League from 1954 through 1957, the Midland Braves of the Class-D Sophomore League in 1958,[32] the Eau Claire Braves of the Class-C Northern League in 1959[37] and the Davenport Braves of the Class-D Midwest League in 1960.[32]

Personal life

Jackson and his wife, Mary, had two children, Dorothy Fincher and William Travis Jackson, six grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.[4] Jackson died of Alzheimer's disease in 1987.[4]

Honors

As defensive standouts have historically been overshadowed by power hitters in Baseball Hall of Fame voting, Jackson was not elected through the annual balloting process despite his record and achievements. But in 1982, he was inducted into the Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee.[4][38] He was also inducted in the Arkansas Hall of Fame.[39]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Smith, Chester L. (March 9, 1934). "Giants' Faith in Travis Jackson's Knee Vindicated". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 45. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Erion, Greg. "Travis Jackson". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Travis Jackson Began Tossing a Ball at Age of Three, Playing with Dad – and Kept on Until he Became Star". The Sporting News. June 6, 1930.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m McG. Thomas, Jr., Robert (July 29, 1987). "Travis Jackson, A Shortstop Who Made The Hall Of Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  5. ^ Hynd, Noel (1988). The Giants of the Polo Grounds: The Glorious Times of Baseball's New York Giants. New York: Doubleday. p. 232. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  6. ^ "Travis Jackson Should Prove Good Utility Man For Giants in Series". Providence News. September 28, 1923. p. 13. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  7. ^ "Jackson To Succeed Dave". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. November 13, 1923. p. 10. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  8. ^ "McGraw Staging Biggest Gamble in Young Jackson: Filling Shoes Left by Classy Dave Bancroft with 20 Year Old Boy". The Lewiston Daily Sun. November 22, 1923. p. 6. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  9. ^ Walsh, David J. (March 19, 1924). "Travis Jackson May Not Be Able To Fill Bancroft's Shoes Acceptably: Phenom Fails to Sparkle. Giants Will Be in Desperate Circumstances if Youngster Does Not Come Through in Style". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 27. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  10. ^ Farrell, Henry L. (April 7, 1924). "Thinks Giants Will Have Plenty to Worry About". The Toledo News-Bee. United Press International. p. 14. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  11. ^ "Young Shortstops Have Busy Season: Wright and Jackson Miss Few Games with Respective Teams in 1924". Ludington Daily News. Associated Press. December 31, 1924. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  12. ^ Mamini, Bob (December 12, 1946). "Johnson, a Baseball Legend". The Calgary Herald. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  13. ^ Rice, Grantland (March 3, 1931). "The Best Shortstop". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 2. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  14. ^ "Giants Lose Two Players". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. May 17, 1926. p. B2. Retrieved April 16, 2012. (subscription required)
  15. ^ "Travis Jackson Under Knife; Lost to Giants". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. April 2, 1927. p. 11. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  16. ^ Drebinger, John (May 20, 1930). "Crippled Giants Kept Idle By Rain — Prevented From Meeting the Braves, Who Lead, 3 Games to 1, in Series Thus Far. Jackson Has the Mumps: McGraw Considerably Alarmed Over Prospect That an Epidemic May Hit His Team". The New York Times. p. 40. Retrieved April 16, 2012. (subscription required)
  17. ^ "Influenze Epidemic Hits Three Players". Rochester Evening Journal. April 16, 1932. p. 9. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  18. ^ a b "Jackson's Signed Contract Arrives at Giants' Offices". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. February 4, 1933. p. 2. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  19. ^ "Travis Jackson's Putty Knee Big Question Mark of World Series". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. September 27, 1933. p. 4. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  20. ^ Gould, Alan (August 2, 1933). "No 1924 Echo". Youngstown Vindicator. p. 8. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Gould, Alan (September 25, 1936). "Can Terry, Jackson Stand Series Gaff?". Lewiston Evening Journal. Associated Press. p. 14. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  22. ^ "Terry and Cronin Select Squads For All-Star Game Here Tuesday — Six Yankees and Four Giants Among Forty Named by Rival Pilots — National and American League Teams Closely Foll". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 4, 1934. p. 21. Retrieved April 16, 2012. (subscription required)
  23. ^ "Yanks Take Lead, Down Giants, 2 to 1". The Pittsburgh Press. October 4, 1936. p. 3. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  24. ^ "Series Highlights". Reading Eagle. United Press International. October 6, 1936. p. 16. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  25. ^ Gould, Alan (October 7, 1936). "Yankees Blast Giants 13-5 to Capture World Series Championship in Six Games: American Leaguers Chalk Up Seven Runs in 9th Frame, Murphy Rescues Gomez to Aid in Triumph for McCarthymen – Set Records". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. p. 14. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  26. ^ McGowen, Roscoe (January 6, 1937). "Waivers Asked on Jackson to Permit Giant Veteran to Manage New Farm Club — Jackson Accepts Jersey City Post". The New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2012. (subscription required)
  27. ^ "Giants Set to Buy Albany Franchise: New York Club Says Agreement Reached, But Owner Cambria Differs. Will Shift Franchise: Move to Jersey City With Travis Jackson as Manager Planned if Giants Acquire I.L. Club". The Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. December 30, 1936. p. 15.
  28. ^ "Travis Jackson Signs to Manage Jersey City Club". Chicago Tribune. January 6, 1937. p. 27. Retrieved April 16, 2012. (subscription required)
  29. ^ "Travis Jackson Back With Giants As Coach". The Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. July 16, 1938. p. 12. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  30. ^ a b "Giants All-Time Coaches". MLB.com. Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  31. ^ "Hartnet to Giants; Jackson is Retired". The Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. December 11, 1940. p. 17. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c "Travis Jackson Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  33. ^ "Travis Jackson to Coach Giants". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. October 15, 1946. p. 14. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  34. ^ "Gowdy And Jackson Released By Giants". The New York Times. October 23, 1948. Retrieved April 16, 2012. (subscription required)
  35. ^ "Travis Jackson Quits Smokers". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. July 2, 1949. p. 15. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  36. ^ Melcher, Ronald (June 24, 1951). "Travis Jackson Named Chiefs New Manager, To Take Charge Today: Oldtime Star To Boss Club From Dugout 'Stonewall,' Promoted From Bluefield, W. Va. Of Appalachian League Congratulations Can Be Returned To Travis Jackson". Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  37. ^ "Travis Jackson Eau Claire Pilot". The Milwaukee Sentinel. November 27, 1958. p. 4. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  38. ^ Durso, Joseph (March 11, 1982). "Chandler, Jackson To Join Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  39. ^ "Deserving Quartet Enter Baseball Hall of Fame: New Hall of Famers Travis Jackson, Happy Chandler, Frank Robinson, Hank Aaron". St. Petersburg Times. August 2, 1982. p. 1-C. Retrieved April 19, 2012.

External links

1922 New York Giants season

The 1922 New York Giants season was the franchise's 40th season. The team finished in first place in the National League with a 93-61 record. The Giants won their second consecutive World Series, defeating the New York Yankees in five games (Game 2 was a 3-3 tie) without a loss.

1923 New York Giants season

The 1923 New York Giants season was the franchise's 41st season. The Giants won the National League pennant with a 95-58 record. The team went on to lose to the New York Yankees in the 1923 World Series, four games to two.

1924 New York Giants season

The 1924 New York Giants season was the franchise's 42nd season. The team finished first in the National League with a record of 93–60, winning the NL pennant for the fourth consecutive season, a record that still stands, as of 2016. They went on to the World Series, losing to the Washington Senators in seven games.

1927 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1927 New York Giants season was the franchise's 45th season. The team finished third in the National League with a record of 92–62, 2 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates.

1930 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1930 New York Giants season was the 48th in franchise history. The team finished third in the National League with a record of 87–67, 5 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.

1933 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1933 New York Giants season was the franchise's 51st season. The team won the National League pennant and beat the Washington Senators of the American League in the World Series.

1933 World Series

The 1933 World Series featured the New York Giants and the Washington Senators. The Giants won in five games for their first championship since 1922 and their fourth overall. The Giants easily defeated the Senators behind pitching aces "King" Carl Hubbell and "Prince" Hal Schumacher.

Majority owner John McGraw retired as manager in 1932 after 30 years at the helm, naming his protégé, young star first baseman Bill Terry, recently the last .400 hitter in the National League, as his player-manager successor. Somewhat similarly, former superstar hurler Walter Johnson also retired in 1932 as Senator manager in favor of young star shortstop Joe Cronin as their new player-manager. (McGraw watched the Series from the stands, and died four months later.)

The Senators were the surprise team of 1933, breaking a seven-year monopoly on the AL title jointly held by the New York Yankees and Philadelphia Athletics from 1926 to 1932. But this could also be called a joint 13-year monopoly by all three, since the Senators had also won in 1924 and 1925 and the Yankees won from 1921 to 1923. 43 year old future Hall of Famer Sam Rice, in his last year with the Senators, had only one at bat during the series, picking up a pinch hit single in the second game.

1934 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1934 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the second playing of the mid-summer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 10 at the Polo Grounds in Manhattan, the home of the New York Giants of the National League. The game resulted in the American League defeating the National League 9–7.

The game is well known among baseball historians for the performance of NL starting pitcher Carl Hubbell. After allowing the first two batters to reach base on a single and a base on balls, Hubbell struck out five of the game's best hitters – Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin – in succession, setting a longstanding All-Star Game record for consecutive strikeouts.

1934 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1934 New York Giants season was the franchise's 52nd season. Although they led in the standings for most of the season, the team finished in second place in the National League with a 93-60 record, 2 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.

1936 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1936 New York Giants season was the franchise's 54th season. The Giants won the National League pennant. The team went on to lose to the New York Yankees in the 1936 World Series, four games to two.

1951 Boston Braves season

The 1951 Boston Braves season was the 81st season of the franchise and its penultimate in Boston.

1982 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1982 followed the system in place since 1978.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and elected two, Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.

It selected Happy Chandler and Travis Jackson.

Alvin Dark

Alvin Ralph Dark (January 7, 1922 – November 13, 2014), nicknamed "Blackie" and "The Swamp Fox", was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) shortstop and manager. He played fourteen years for five National League teams from 1946 through 1960. Dark was named the major leagues' 1948 Rookie of the Year after batting .322 for the Boston Braves.

Dark was an All-Star for three seasons. He hit .300 or more three times while playing for the New York Giants, and became the first NL shortstop to hit 20 home runs more than once. His .411 career slugging average was the seventh highest by an NL shortstop at his retirement, and his 126 home runs placed him behind only Ernie Banks and Travis Jackson. After leading the NL in putouts and double plays three times each, he ended his career with the seventh most double plays (933) and tenth highest fielding percentage (.960) at shortstop in league history. He went on to become the third manager to win pennant championships managing both National and American League (AL) teams.

Chambers (TV series)

Chambers is an American supernatural horror web television series created by Leah Rachel. The first season, consisting of ten episodes, premiered on Netflix on April 26, 2019. The series stars Uma Thurman, Tony Goldwyn, Sivan Alyra Rose, and Marcus LaVoi.

On June 18, 2019, Netflix cancelled the series after one season.

Elmer Leifer

Elmer Edwin Leifer (May 23, 1893 – September 26, 1948) was a pinch hitter in Major League Baseball. He played for the Chicago White Sox in 1921.In 1922, while playing for the Little Rock Travelers of the Class-A Southern Association, Leifer was injured in a collision with teammate Travis Jackson, ending Leifer's playing career. Leifer continued to suffer from the effects of the collision in his later life. Leifer committed suicide by swallowing an overdose of Nembutal.

Freddie Lindstrom

Frederick Charles Lindstrom (November 21, 1905 – October 4, 1981) was a National League baseball player with the New York Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs and Brooklyn Dodgers from 1924 until 1936. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1976.

At the age of 23, Lindstrom hit .358 for the Giants and was named The Sporting News Major League All Star team's third baseman ahead of Pittsburgh's Harold "Pie" Traynor. Two years later, he repeated the honor while scoring 127 runs and batting .379, second only to Rogers Hornsby among right-handed batters in National League history.In 1930, Giants manager John McGraw ranked Lindstrom ninth among the top 20 players of the previous quarter century. Babe Ruth picked him as his NL all-star third baseman over Traynor for the decade leading up to the first inter-league All Star game in 1933. Modern-day statistics guru Bill James, who rates Lindstrom No. 43 on his all-time third basemen list, placed him among the top three under-21 players at that position and called the 1927 Giant infield of Lindstrom, Hornsby, Travis Jackson and Bill Terry the decade's best.

From his rookie season in 1924 through 1930 as a Giants third baseman, a span of seven years during which he batted .328 and played brilliantly in the field, Lindstrom seemed headed for a place among the game's all-time greatest players. "Those hands of his (Lindstrom's) are the talk of the baseball world. Sensational playing places him among greatest in game," wrote sports writer Pat Robinson of the New York Daily News in the spring of 1929, after Lindstrom finished second the previous year to St. Louis Cardinal first baseman Jim Bottomley in the National League's Most Valuable Player balloting. "The best third sacker in the National League, one of the greatest third basemen the game has ever produced," gushed William Hennigan in the New York World. "Lindstrom hit peaks of third basing never before attained during the final month of last season," added Ken Smith in the New York Evening Graphic. "An outstanding individual of the game, another Hornsby, Wagner, Cobb, or Speaker, this kid, ace fielder, hitter, thinker and runner." Joe Foley, in This Sporting Life, echoed a common theme among baseball writers during that stretch of Lindstrom's career when he named his perfect team: "Sisler on first, Lajoie at second, Wagner at short, Lindstrom at third, Ruth, Speaker and Cobb in the outfield, Kling catching and Brown, Walsh, Bender and Mathewson taking turns pitching." In 1931, injuries including a chronic bad back and broken leg, brought about his switch to the outfield where for several years he remained an above-average but no longer All Star player until his retirement after 13 seasons in 1936.

High Lonesome (Randy Travis album)

High Lonesome is the seventh studio album by American country music artist Randy Travis, released on August 27, 1991. Four singles were released from the album: "Forever Together" (#1 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts), "Better Class of Losers" (#2), "Point of Light" (#3), and "I'd Surrender All" (#20). All of these singles except "Point of Light" were co-written by Travis and Alan Jackson. Conversely, Travis co-wrote Jackson's 1992 #1 "She's Got the Rhythm (And I Got the Blues)", from his album A Lot About Livin' (And a Little 'bout Love).

History of the New York Giants (baseball)

The San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball originated in New York City as the New York Gothams in 1883 and were known as the New York Giants from 1885 until the team relocated to San Francisco after the 1957 season. During most of their 75 seasons in New York City, the Giants played home games at various incarnations of the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan.

Numerous inductees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York played for the New York Giants, including John McGraw, Mel Ott, Bill Terry, Willie Mays, Monte Irvin, and Travis Jackson. During the club's tenure in New York, it won five of the franchise's eight World Series wins and 17 of its 23 National League pennants. Famous moments in the Giants' New York history include the 1922 World Series, in which the Giants swept the Yankees in four games, the 1951 home run known as the "Shot Heard 'Round the World", and the defensive feat by Willie Mays during the first game of the 1954 World Series known as "the Catch".

The Giants had intense rivalries with their fellow New York teams the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, facing the Yankees in six World Series and playing the league rival Dodgers multiple times per season. Games between any two of these three teams were known collectively as the Subway Series. The rivalry with the Dodgers continues to be played as the Dodgers joined the Giants in moving also to along the Pacific Ocean on the West Coast in California after the 1957 season when they relocated to Los Angeles. The New York Giants of the National Football League are named after the team.

Shortstop

Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball or softball fielding position between second and third base, which is considered to be among the most demanding defensive positions. Historically the position was assigned to defensive specialists who were typically poor at batting and were often placed at the bottom of the batting order. Today shortstops are often able to hit well and many are placed at the top of the lineup. In the numbering system used by scorers to record defensive plays, the shortstop is assigned the number 6.

More hit balls go to the shortstop than to any other position, as there are more right-handed hitters in baseball than left-handed hitters, and most hitters have a tendency to pull the ball slightly. Like a second baseman, a shortstop must be agile, for example when performing a 4-6-3 double play. Also, like a third baseman, the shortstop fields balls hit to the left side of the infield, where a strong arm is needed to throw out a batter-runner before they reach the safety of first base.

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