Traute Lafrenz

Traute Lafrenz (born May 3, 1919) is a German-American physician and anthroposophist, who was a member of the White Rose anti-Nazi group during World War II.[1]

She was born in Hamburg. Together with Heinz Kucharski, Lafrenz studied under Erna Stahl at the Lichtwark-Gymnasium, a liberal arts school in Hamburg.[2] When coeducation was abolished in 1937, Lafrenz moved to a convent school, where she and classmate Margaretha Rothe graduated in Easter 1938. Together with Rothe, Lafrenz began to study medicine at the University of Hamburg in the summer semester of 1939. After the semester she worked in Pomerania, where she met Alexander Schmorell who had begun studying in the summer of 1939 at the Hamburg University's Medical School but continued his studies from 1939/40 in Munich.

In May 1941 Lafrenz moved to Munich to study there, where she got to know Hans Scholl and Christoph Probst.[2] In her opposition to the Nazi regime, she found inspiration in the writings of Rudolf Steiner.[3] She attended many talks and discussions of the White Rose group, including those with Kurt Huber. In late 1942 she brought the third White Rose flyer to Hamburg[2] and redistributed them via her former classmate Heinz Kucharski. When on 18 February 1943 Hans and Sophie Scholl were arrested in Munich University, Traute Lafrenz also was put under investigation by the Gestapo. She was arrested shortly afterwards on 15 March, together with Alexander Schmorell and Kurt Huber and sentenced to one year in prison on 19 April 1943.[2] During her interrogation by the Gestapo Lafrenz succeeded in disguising the full extent of her involvement in the leaflet distribution. After her release she was arrested again by the Gestapo and imprisoned again.[2]

In 1947 she emigrated to the United States,[4] completing her medical studies at Saint Joseph's Hospital in San Francisco, California. After moving to Chicago, she served from 1972 to 1994 as head of Esperanza School, a private, therapeutic day school serving students with developmental disabilities between the ages of 5 and 21. She has been involved in the anthroposophical movement in the United States for more than half a century.[3] She is now retired and lives on Yonges Island near Meggett, South Carolina.

Literature

  • Peter Normann Waage, Leve friheten! Traute Lafrenz og Den hvite rose, Oslo, Schibsted, 2011, ISBN 978-82-516-2746-7

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e "Traute Lafrenz". German Resistance Memorial Center. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-11-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Traute Lafrenz-Page". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  • Augenzeugenbericht; in: Inge Scholl, Die Weiße Rose (erweiterte Neuausgabe), Frankfurt am Main 1993, pp. 131–38.
  • Susan Benedict, Arthur Caplan, Traute Lafrenz Page: Duty and 'euthanasia': the nurses of Meseritz-Obrawalde; in: Nursing Ethics, 2007 November; 14 (6): 781–94
  • Ingeborg Staudacher: Margaretha Rothe, eine Hamburger Studentin und Widerstandskämpferin, edited by Gunther Staudacher, Balingen 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-033234-0, p. 20 (in German)
1919

1919 (MCMXIX)

was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was

13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Christoph Probst

Christoph Ananda Probst (born 6 November 1919, Murnau am Staffelsee – 22 February 1943, Munich) was a German student of medicine and member of the White Rose (Weiße Rose) resistance group.

Lilo Ramdohr

Lieselotte ″Lilo″ Fürst-Ramdohr (11 October 1913 – 13 May 2013) was a member of the Munich branch of the student resistance group White Rose (Weiße Rose) in Nazi Germany. She was born in Aschersleben.

List of last survivors of historical events

The following is a list of last survivors of notable historical and cultural events, excluding wars, which are covered in separate lists that can be found in the See also section.

Deceased

Living

Sophie Scholl

Sophia Magdalena Scholl (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student and anti-Nazi political activist, active within the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany.She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich (LMU) with her brother, Hans. As a result, she was executed by guillotine. Since the 1970s, Scholl has been extensively commemorated for her anti-Nazi resistance work.

White Rose

The White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students and a professor at the University of Munich. The group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign which called for active opposition to the Nazi party regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, and ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court (Volksgerichtshof), and many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment.

The group wrote, printed and initially distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. Later on, secret carriers brought copies to other cities, mostly in the southern parts of Germany. In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, and called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they openly denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well-known both within Germany and worldwide.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.