Transvaal (province)

The Province of the Transvaal (Afrikaans: Provinsie van die Transvaal), commonly referred to as the Transvaal (/ˈtrɑːnsvɑːl, ˈtræns-/; Afrikaans: [ˈtransfɑːl]), was a province of South Africa from 1910 until the end of apartheid in 1994, when a new constitution subdivided it. The name "Transvaal" refers to the province's geographical location to the north of the Vaal River. Its capital was Pretoria, which was also the country's executive capital.

Province of the Transvaal
Provinsie van die Transvaal
Colony of the Transvaal
Map of the provinces of South Africa 1976-1994 with the Transvaal highlighted

Area
 • 1904[1]288,000 km2 (111,196 sq mi)
Population
 • 19041,268,716[1]
 • 19919,491,265[2]
History
 • Origin Transvaal Colony
 • Created1910
 • Abolished27 April 1994
 • Succeeded byGauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, and eastern part of North West
StatusProvince of South Africa
GovernmentTransvaal Provincial Council
 • HQ Pretoria

History

In 1910, four British colonies united to form the Union of South Africa. The Transvaal Colony, which had been formed out of the bulk of the old South African Republic after the Second Boer War, became the Transvaal Province in the new union. Half a century later, in 1961, the union ceased to be part of the Commonwealth of Nations and became the Republic of South Africa. The PWV (Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging) conurbation in the Transvaal, centred on Pretoria and Johannesburg, became South Africa's economic powerhouse, a position it still holds today as Gauteng Province.

In 1994, after the fall of apartheid, the former provinces were abolished, and the Transvaal ceased to exist. The south-central portion (including the PWV) became Gauteng, the northern portion became Limpopo and the southeastern portion became Mpumalanga. Most of the North West came from the southwestern portion of the old Transvaal, and tiny segment of the Transvaal joined KwaZulu-Natal. However, even before 1994 the Transvaal Province was subdivided into regions for a number of purposes (such as municipal and district courts, and sporting divisions). These divisions included Northern Transvaal (present-day Limpopo and Pretoria), Eastern Transvaal (currently Mpumalanga), Western Transvaal (currently part of North West Province) and Southern Transvaal (now Gauteng Province).

Geography

The Transvaal province lay between the Vaal River in the south, and the Limpopo River in the north, roughly between ​22 12 and ​27 12 S, and 25 and 32 E. To its south it bordered with the Orange Free State and Natal provinces, to its west were the Cape Province and the Bechuanaland Protectorate (later Botswana), to its north Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe), and to its east Portuguese East Africa (later Mozambique) and Swaziland. Except on the south-west, these borders were mostly well defined by natural features.

Several Bantustans were entirely inside the Transvaal: Venda, KwaNdebele, Gazankulu, KaNgwane and Lebowa. Parts of Bophuthatswana were also in the Transvaal, with other parts in Cape Province and Orange Free State.

Within the Transvaal lies the Waterberg Massif, a prominent ancient geological feature of the South African landscape.

Regions

Districts in 1991

Districts of the province and population at the 1991 census.[2]

Administrators

  • Marthinus W. Pretorius
  • Paul Kruger
  • Johann Friedrich Bernhard Rissik
  • Alfred George Robertson
  • Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr
  • Jacobus Stephanus Smit

Sports

The province was divided into a number of sporting teams. These teams were renamed, after the Transvaal became defunct, however, their traditional territories have remained unchanged in many cases, even though they overlap the boundaries of the Transvaal's successor provinces.

Examples of this include the Blue Bulls (formerly Northern Transvaal), which governs rugby in Pretoria (now part of Gauteng) as well as Limpopo Province and the Golden Lions (formerly 'Transvaal') formed in 1889.

Orlando Pirates Football Club was founded in 1937 and was originally based in Orlando, Soweto and Kaizer Chiefs were founded. January 1970. Mamelodi Sundowns F.C. originated from Marabastad, a cosmopolitan area North West of the Pretoria CBD in the early 1960s.

Cricket teams from the former Transvaal include Transvaal (later Gauteng) which represented the southern parts of the province, and Northern Transvaal (later Northerns) that represents the northern parts of Gauteng, including Pretoria, as well as areas further north.

References

  1. ^ a b Edgar Sanderson (1 November 2001). Great Britain in Africa: The History of Colonial Expansion. Simon Publications LLC. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-931541-31-2. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Census > 1991 > RSA > Variable Description > Person file > District code". Statistics South Africa – Nesstar WebView. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Mine Kills 2 Whites in South Africa : Toll at 13 in Blasts Attributed to Black Guerrilla Offensive". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 August 2013.

Coordinates: 25°S 30°E / 25°S 30°E

1976 South African Grand Prix

The 1976 South African Grand Prix (formally the XXII South African Grand Prix) was a Formula One motor race held on 6 March 1976 at Kyalami in Transvaal Province, South Africa. It was the second round of the 1976 Formula One season. The race was the 22nd South African Grand Prix and the tenth to be held at Kyalami. The race was held over 78 laps of the 4.104-kilometre circuit for a total race distance of 320 kilometres.

The race was won by Austrian driver Niki Lauda in a Ferrari 312T. The win was Lauda's third win in succession. He finished 1.3 seconds ahead of British driver and Lauda's season long rival James Hunt in a McLaren M23. Hunt's McLaren team mate, West German driver Jochen Mass, finished third.

Hunt took pole position for the second time in two races, with Lauda alongside. Lauda led into the first corner, with Hunt dropping down to fourth behind Mass and Italian driver Vittorio Brambilla in his March 761. Hunt was waved through by Mass, and passed Brambilla to take second after five laps. Lauda led from start to finish to win. Behind Hunt and Mass, South African driver Jody Scheckter was fourth in his Tyrrell 007. A lap down in fifth was British driver John Watson in a Penske PC3 with Mario Andretti sixth in a Parnelli VPJ4B.

Two wins from two races saw Lauda twelve points clear in the championship over Hunt and Tyrrell's Patrick Depailler. In the constructors' championship, Ferrari were nine points clear of Tyrrell and eleven points ahead of McLaren.

Ant Botha

Anthony Greyvensteyn Botha (born 17 November 1976) is a South African former cricketer who played for the cricket teams of Natal B, Natal, South Africa Academy, KwaZulu-Natal B, KwaZulu-Natal, Easterns, Derbyshire and Warwickshire.

Botha was born in Pretoria, Transvaal Province, South Africa and he made his domestic debut for Natal B in the UCB Bowl of 1996 and a month later was representing the South African Under-19s cricket team in a tour of India, picking up three Youth Test appearances. He played for the full Natal team in the same year, helping them to third place in the Standard Bank League of 1996/97.

His breakthrough to England was to come in 2003, when he first represented Sussex Second XI, though he was quickly to move to Derbyshire, making his debut in April 2004. Out for a golden duck in his first innings, his blushes would be saved at the expense of fellow South African James Bryant, who retired hurt in the second innings. Late in 2005, Botha hit 158 against Yorkshire, batting at number eight in the lineup, with a calculated mixture of brave and fearless shots.

In 2007, Botha with Derbyshire took part in the Twenty20 Floodlit cup. Alongside Essex Eagles, 2006's Twenty20 Cup Semi-Finalists, and the PCA Masters. Derbyshire qualified for the final where they lost to Essex.

Botha signed to play for Warwickshire in 2008. He once took over the captaincy as third captain after the injuries of Darren Maddy and Ian Westwood. He was forced to retire in 2011 aged 34 due to an unsuccessful struggle against an elbow injury.

Beeld

Beeld (English: Picture) is an Afrikaans-language daily newspaper that was launched on 16 September 1974. Beeld is distributed in four provinces of South Africa: Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and North West, previously part of the former Transvaal province. Beeld (English: The Image) was an Afrikaans-language Sunday newspaper in the late 1960s.

Fox Odendaal

Frans Hendrik Odendaal (1898–1966) (known as Fox Odendaal) was a South African politician, governor of the Transvaal province, best remembered for heading the commission that became known by his last name.

Hudson William Edison Ntsanwisi

Hudson William Edison Ntsanwisi (11 July 1920 - 23 March 1993) was the first Chief Minister of Gazankulu, a former bantustan in apartheid-era South Africa.

Kevin Latouf

Kevin John Latouf (born 7 September 1985) is a South African born English cricketer. Latouf is a right-handed batsman who bowls right-arm medium pace. He was born at Pretoria, Transvaal Province.

Educated at Millfield School before progressing to Barton Peveril Sixth Form College, Latouf first played for England Under-19 in 2005, at both youth Test and One Day International.After initially playing Second XI cricket for Hampshire, Latouf made his first XI debut for the county in a List A match against Surrey in the 2005 Cheltenham & Gloucester Trophy. During that same competition, he was a member of Hampshire's victorious final team which defeated Warwickshire by 18 runs. From 2005 to 2006, he represented Hampshire in 11 List A matches, the last of which came against Worcestershire in the 2008 Friends Provident Trophy. Inconsistent with the bat, Latouf scored 90 runs in his 11 List A matches, coming at a batting average of 11.25 and a high score of 25.In the 2006 season, he played his only first-class match for Hampshire, against Loughborough UCCE, scoring 29 runs in his only innings. He was released by Hampshire at the end of the 2008 season having played only one first team match all season, and being lent to Warwickshire for one month.

List of administrators of former South African provinces

This article lists the administrators of former South African provinces. It encompasses the period from 1910 to 1994, when South Africa was divided into four provinces: Cape Province, Natal Province, Orange Free State Province and Transvaal Province. Before the provinces were created, the area was divided into four British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal Colony, Orange River Colony and Transvaal Colony.

The provinces were established as a result of the creation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, and disestablished after the Republic of South Africa (created in 1961) held the first post-apartheid general election in 1994.

Moamba District

Moamba District is a district of Maputo Province in southern Mozambique. The principal town is Moamba. The district is located in the center of the province, and borders with Magude District in the north, Manhiça and Marracuene Districts in the south, the city of Maputo in the southeast, Boane District in the south, Namaacha District in the southwest, and with Transvaal Province of South Africa in the west. The area of the district is 4,628 square kilometres (1,787 sq mi). It has a population of 56,335 as of 2007.

Northern Provinces

The Northern Provinces of South Africa is a biogeographical area used in the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (WGSRPD). It is part of the WGSRPD region 37 Southern Africa. The area has the code "TVL". It includes the South African provinces of Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Limpopo (Northern Province) and North West, together making up an area slightly larger than the former Transvaal Province.

Opostega amphimitra

Opostega amphimitra is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1913. It is known from the area of the former Transvaal Province in South Africa.

Adults have been recorded from December to February.

Opostega cirrhacma

Opostega cirrhacma is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1911. It is known from the area of the former Transvaal Province in South Africa.

Adults have been recorded in December.

Opostega diplardis

Opostega diplardis is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1912. It is known from the area of the former Transvaal Province in South Africa.

Adults have been recorded in January.

Opostega granifera

Opostega granifera is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1913. It is known from the area of the former Transvaal Province in South Africa.

Adults have been recorded in December.

Opostega radiosa

Opostega radiosa is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1913. It is known from the area of the former Transvaal Province, South Africa.

Prime Minister of South Africa

The Prime Minister of South Africa (Afrikaans: Eerste Minister van Suid-Afrika) was the head of government in South Africa between 1910 and 1984.

Pseudopostega bellicosa

Pseudopostega bellicosa is a moth of the family Opostegidae. It was described by Edward Meyrick in 1911. It is known from the area of the former Transvaal Province, South Africa.

Adults have been recorded in October.

Transvaal

Transvaal is a historical geographic term associated with land north of (i.e., beyond) the Vaal River in South Africa. A number of states and administrative divisions have carried the name Transvaal.

South African Republic or "Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek" (1856–1902), a Boer republic also known as the Transvaal in English

Transvaal Colony (1902–1910), British colony

Transvaal Province (1910–1994), province of the Union and Republic of South Africa

Vaughn van Jaarsveld

Vaughn Bernard van Jaarsveld (born 2 February 1985 in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province, South Africa) is a South African cricketer who plays for the Dolphins as a left-handed batsman and occasional Wicket-keeper. He has represented his country at under-nineteen level.

In 2007, he signed a three-year deal with Warwickshire after having trials with its seconds and playing in The Birmingham and District Premier League for Moseley. Somerset also showed interest in him. The Warwickshire deal went sour when he returned to South Africa in 2008, violating his contract.He was selected for the One Day International leg of the South African cricket team's 2008–09 tour of Australia, on the back of strong performances in the MTN Domestic Championship: in eight innings, he hit 487 runs at an average of seventy and a strike-rate of 111. Before the preceding Test series was concluded, however, he was called up as cover for South African captain Graeme Smith, who was struggling with tennis elbow.

Van Jaarsveld made his international debut for South Africa in a Twenty20 International against Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on 11 January 2009. He was included in the KZN Inland squad for the 2015 Africa T20 Cup.In August 2017, he was named in Pretoria Mavericks' squad for the first season of the T20 Global League. However, in October 2017, Cricket South Africa initially postponed the tournament until November 2018, with it being cancelled soon after.In October 2018, he was named in Paarl Rocks' squad for the first edition of the Mzansi Super League T20 tournament. He was the leading run-scorer for Dolphins in the 2018–19 CSA 4-Day Franchise Series, with 673 runs in seven matches.

Vereeniging

Vereeniging (Afrikaans pronunciation: [fəˈrɪənəχəŋ]) is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly situated in the Transvaal province. The name Vereeniging is derived from the Dutch word meaning "association" or "union".

Provinces of South Africa
Non-independent homelands
Independent homelands1
Dependent territories

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