Training ship

A training ship is a ship used to train students as sailors. The term is especially used for ships employed by navies to train future officers. Essentially there are two types: those used for training at sea and old hulks used to house classrooms.

The hands-on aspect provided by sail training has also been used as a platform for everything from semesters at sea for undergraduate oceanography and biology students, marine science and physical science for high school students, and character building for at-risk youths.

Notable training ships

Royal Navy

Other navies

BAP Unión (Callao)
The BAP Union at Callao, in 2017
Die Burg mit der präsenten Gorch Fock davor (Flensburg-Mürwik Juli 2015), Bild 04
The second Gorch Fock in front of the Naval Academy Mürwik (Red Castle) in 2015
Americo Vespucio em Veneza
The Amerigo Vespucci at Venice, 2006
TV 3508 - JDS Kashima BB 2
The JDS Kashima at Portsmouth, in 2008

Merchant fleet

SS John W Brown
SS John W. Brown
Sedov 2
Sedov

United States Maritime Administration Owned Training Ships

Sail training vessels

‚Californian‘ at San Diego Bay
Californian in San Diego, CA

In fiction

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dolphin Sea Training School – All At Sea". Retrieved 2010-12-04.

External links

Media related to Training ships at Wikimedia Commons

ABG-class training ship

The ABG class of cadet training ships is a series of three vessels being built by the ABG Shipyard in Gujarat for the Indian Navy.

Barquentine

A barquentine or schooner barque (alternatively "barkentine" or "schooner bark") is a sailing vessel with three or more masts; with a square rigged foremast and fore-and-aft rigged main, mizzen and any other masts.

HDMS Niels Juel (1918)

HDMS Niels Juel was a training ship built for the Royal Danish Navy between 1914 and 1923. Originally designed before World War I as a monitor, construction was slowed by the war and she was redesigned as a training cruiser. Completed in 1923 she made training cruises to the Black and Mediterranean Seas, South America and numerous shorter visits to ports in northern Europe. The ship often served as a flagship and occasionally was used as a royal yacht for visits to overseas possessions and other countries.

Niels Juel was extensively modernized in the mid-1930s and remained operational after Nazi Germany occupied Denmark in 1940. When the Germans attempted to seize the Danish Fleet in August 1943, the ship attempted to escape to Sweden, but was attacked and damaged by German bombers. She was deliberately run aground by her crew to deny the ship to the Germans, but Niels Juel was not badly damaged. The ship was refloated several months later and repaired by the Germans. They renamed her Nordland and used her as a training ship. She was scuttled by them in May 1945 and her wreck was salvaged in 1952.

HMS Gannet (1878)

HMS Gannet was a Royal Navy Doterel-class screw sloop-of-war launched on 31 August 1878. She became a training ship in the Thames in 1903, and was then lent as a training ship for boys in the Hamble from 1913. She was restored in 1987 and is now part of the UK's National Historic Fleet.

HSwMS Najaden (1897)

HSwMS Najaden is a Swedish Navy training ship launched in 1897, previously preserved as a museum ship in Halmstad and moored on the river Nissan by Halmstad Castle, since July 2014 in Fredrikstad, Norway.

The three-masted, wooden hulled sailing ship was constructed at the Royal Naval Shipyard in Karlskrona in 1897 and served in the Swedish Navy as a sail training ship until 1938.In 1946 she was taken over by the city of Halmstad and completely restored. She now serves as a museum ship and is in the care of the Association of the Friends of Najaden (Föreningen Najadens Vänner).Najaden passed into Norwegian ownership Friday, July 4, 2014. A brief ceremony led by city council's chairman, Conservative Ann-Charlotte Westlund was held in front of Najaden in central Halmstad. At that time about 200 protesters demonstrated against the sale of the ship to Norway.

On Saturday, July 5, 2014, Najaden was towed from Halmstad to its new home port in Fredrikstad, Norway.

The sail training ship af Chapman was a contemporary of Najaden in Swedish Navy service.

Italian training ship Amerigo Vespucci

The Amerigo Vespucci is a tall ship of the Italian Navy (Marina Militare) named after the explorer Amerigo Vespucci. Its home port is La Spezia, Italy, and it is in use as a school ship.

Italian training ship Caroly

Caroly is a yawl, active as a sail training vessel for the Italian Navy.

Italian training ship Corsaro II

Corsaro II is a yawl, active as a sail training vessel for the Italian Navy

Italian training ship Ebe

Ebe is a former training ship of the Italian Navy. Initially a merchant vessel named San Giorgio, she was acquired by the Navy and used to train non-commissioned officers between 1952 to 1958. Since 1963 she has been preserved and exhibited at the Museo Nazionale Scienza e Tecnologia Leonardo da Vinci in Milan.

Italian training ship Italia

Italia is a brigantine, active as a sail training vessel for the Italian Navy.It is owned by Fondazione tender to nave Italia, a non-profit foundation for maritime contest development, with property shared by Italian Navy and Yacht Club Italiano.

Italian training ship Palinuro

Palinuro is a three-masted, iron-hulled barquentine, active as sail training vessel for the Italian Navy.

Palinuro is named after Palinurus the famous helmsman of Aeneas's ship (after the fall of Troy the defeated Trojans detoured the Mediterranean). Palinurus is seen as a prototype of an experienced navigator or guide.

Morgenster (ship)

The Morgenster (Morning Star in Dutch) is a sail training ship based in the Netherlands. She was built, as a herring lugger under the name De Vrouw Maria, in 1919. In 1927, she was lengthened by 7 metres (23 ft) and converted into a motor fishing vessel. She was renamed Morgenster in 1959 and continued to be used as a fishing vessel until 1970. After a period of use for sport fishing and in the pirate radio business, she was acquired by her current owners for conversion back to a sailing vessel in 1983. She made her maiden voyage as a sail training ship in 2008, having been refitted as a brig.

Niobe (schooner)

The Segelschulschiff Niobe was a tall ship used by the Reichsmarine to train cadets and aspiring NCOs. She sank during a white squall on 26 July 1932, with the loss of 69 lives. At Gammendorfer Strand on Fehmarn island, within view of the site of the sinking, the Niobe-Denkmal monument was erected.

RMS Majestic (1914)

RMS Majestic was a White Star ocean liner working on the North Atlantic run, originally launched in 1914 as the Hamburg America Line liner SS Bismarck. At 56,551 gross register tons, she was the largest ship in the world until completion of SS Normandie in 1935.

The third and largest member of German HAPAG Line's trio of transatlantic liners, her completion was delayed by World War I. She never sailed under the German flag except on her sea trials in 1922. Following the war, she was finished by her German builders, handed over to the allies as war reparations and became the White Star Line flagship Majestic. She was the second White Star ship to bear the name, the first being the RMS Majestic of 1889. She served successfully throughout the 1920s but the onset of the Great Depression made her increasingly unprofitable. She managed to struggle through the first half of the 1930s before being sold off for scrapping to Thos W Ward. She was taken possession of by the British Admiralty before demolition commenced after an agreement was reached with White Star and Thomas Ward. She served the Royal Navy as the training ship HMS Caledonia before catching fire in 1939 and sinking. She was subsequently raised and scrapped in 1943.

Sail training

From its modern interpretations to its antecedents when maritime nations would send young naval officer candidates to sea (e.g., see Outward Bound), sail training provides an unconventional and effective way of building many useful skills on and off the water.

Smolnyy-class training ship

The Smolnyy or Smol'nyy (Russian Смольный) class of training ships were built for the Soviet Navy in the late 1970s. The Soviet designation was Project 887. Two ships are operated by the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.

Soviet training ship Dunay

The Dunay was a tall ship serving with the Soviet Navy, first launched as the Cristoforo Colombo, laid at the Castellammare yards on April 15, 1926. It was destroyed in a fire in 1963.

Type 0891A training ship

Type 0891A Shichang (82) with NATO reporting name as Shichang class is China's first aviation ship. It primarily serves as a training ship, helicopter launch vehicle, and medical treatment facility in the People's Liberation Army Navy. The ship is named after Deng Shichang, a Qing dynasty naval captain who died in the Battle of the Yalu River (1894) during the First Sino-Japanese War.

Experience during drills and war games revealed the lack of shipboard armaments makes Shichang inadequate for training weaponry operating crews. However, the ship provides sufficient training for all other crew functions. The layout of the ship is very similar to that of RFA Argus (A135), emphasizing helicopter training ship and helicopter support ship missions.

The modular design of the ship incorporates containerized modules used to expand its mission. More trainees can be accommodated with additional housing and training containers, or medical capability can be rapidly improved by addition of a containerized field hospital.

Type 679 training ship

The Type 679 training ship (NATO reporting name Daxing (大兴, meaning Great Prosper) class) is a Chinese training ship developed for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). The ship is more commonly known as Zheng He, after a Chinese Ming dynasty admiral of the same name.

Zheng He is the first purpose built training ship indigenously developed by China. Designed by the 708th Institute of China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC), which is also more commonly known as China Shipbuilding and Oceanic Engineering Design Academy (中国船舶及海洋工程设计研究), the ship was built by Qiuxing (求新) Shipyard in Shanghai, a division of Jiangnan Shipyard. The ship is designed to be crewed by 170 sailors and 30 instructors are also assigned to the ship. The ship has a large hospital on board to accommodate cadet classes. Originally, the ship could house 170 cadets at any one time in addition to the 170 crew and 30 instructors; this number was increased to 200 when the number of chart rooms (originally there were three) was reduced, as a result of the adoption of electronic charts during later upgrades. When the ship first entered service in 1987, it was the first ship in the PLAN to incorporate entertainment rooms (there are two such rooms). More than forty different classes can be trained on board. In April 1989, Zheng He became the first ship in the PLAN to visit the United States when it visited Hawaii. Between April 16 and September 21, 2012, Zheng He conducted its first circumnavigation of the planet. The ship has won numerous awards from the city of Shanghai and CSSC for its design and construction.

Specification:

Length (m): 132.07

Beam (m): 15.8

Depth (m): 8.1

Draft (m): 4.8

Displacement (t): 5548

Speed (kn): 17

Range (nmi): 10,000 @ 17 kn

Endurance (day): 30

Crew: 170

Instructors: 30

Cadets: 200

Helicopter: 1 Changhe Z-8

Armament: 2 twin 57 mm & 2 twin 30 mm guns, 2 Type 81 Mod 1200 rocket launcher (5 tubes)

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