Toyama Prefecture (富山県 Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,044,588 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km² (1,640.01 sq mi). Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.
Toyama is the capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, with other major cities including Takaoka, Imizu, and Nanto. Toyama Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region, and the majority of prefecture's population lives on Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Toyama Prefecture is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast and has the advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. Toyama Prefecture contains the only known glaciers in East Asia outside of Russia, first recognized in 2012, and 30% of the prefecture's area is designated as national parks.
|Subdivisions||Districts: 2, Municipalities: 15|
|• Governor||Takakazu Ishii|
|• Total||4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|• Density||250/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-16|
|Tree||Tateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)|
Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province. Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.
In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.
The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.
As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.
Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).
Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
This is a list of governors of Toyama with their titles.
In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production  and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.
Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.
As of October 2010, the population of the prefecture was 1,090,367.
Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen
Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express
The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.
ALO's Hokuriku (アローズ北陸, Arōzu Hokuriku) were a Japanese football (soccer) club based in Toyama, the capital city of Toyama Prefecture. They played in the Japan Football League, and their team colour was blue.
Their nickname ALO's derives from Antelopes. Hokuriku refers to the region that includes Toyama and its neighbouring prefectures.Etchū Province
Etchū Province (越中国, Etchū-no-kuni) was a province of Japan in the area that is today Toyama Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. Etchū bordered on Noto and Kaga Provinces to the west, Shinano and Hida Provinces to the south, Echigo Province to the east and the Sea of Japan to the north. Its abbreviated form name was Esshū (越州).Hida Mountains
The Hida Mountains (飛騨山脈, Hida Sanmyaku), or Northern Alps (北アルプス, Kita Arupusu), is a Japanese mountain range which stretches through Nagano, Toyama and Gifu prefectures. A small portion of the mountains also reach into Niigata Prefecture. William Gowland coined the phrase "Japanese Alps" during his time in Japan, but he was only referring to the Hida Mountains when he used that name. The Kiso and Akaishi mountains received the name in the ensuing years.Japan National Route 472
National Route 472 (国道472号, Kokudō Yonhyaku Nanajū Ni-gō) is a highway between Imizu, Toyama Prefecture and Gujo, Gifu Prefecture in Japan.Jinzū River
The Jinzū River (神通川, Jinzū-gawa) is a river that flows from Gifu Prefecture to Toyama Prefecture in Japan. It is called Miya River (宮川 Miya-gawa) in Gifu. It is 120 km (75 mi) in length and has a watershed of 2,720 km2 (1,050 sq mi).Jōganji River
The Jōganji River (常願寺川, Jōganji-gawa) is a river in Toyama Prefecture, Japan, that flows through the city of Toyama as well as the town of Tateyama. The river was previously referred to as the Nii River (新川 Nii-kawa).Kataller Toyama
Kataller Toyama (カターレ富山, Katāre Toyama) is a football club in Japan that was formed from the merger of the old ALO's Hokuriku and YKK AP F.C. clubs. They currently play in J3 League.Kurobe River
The Kurobe River (黒部川, Kurobe-gawa) is a river in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. 86 kilometres (53 mi) in length, it has a watershed of 689 km².
The river rises from Mount Washiba in the Hida Mountains and carves the deep valley known as the Kurobe Gorge. It comes out of the mountains at Unazuki and forms an alluvial fan which directly sinks into the Sea of Japan.
The Kurobe River's rich flow and steep gradient offer good conditions for hydroelectricity. The Kurobe Dam is the tallest dam in Japan.
The name Kurobe is derived from the Ainu name kur pet [kuɾᵘbet] 'shady river'.Mount Shirouma
Mt. Shirouma (白馬岳, Shirouma-dake) is a peak in the Hida Mountains range of the Japanese Alps, located in Nagano Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture, central Honshu, Japan.Nōetsu Expressway
The Nōetsu Expressway (能越自動車道, Nōetsu Jidōshadō) is an incomplete national expressway in Toyama Prefecture and Ishikawa Prefecture. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), but also has sections maintained and tolled by the Toyama and Ishikawa Prefecture Road Corporations. The route is signed E41 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering" and also as National Route 470.Oyabe River
The Oyabe River (小矢部川, Oyabe-gawa) is a river in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. The river rises from Mount Daimon on the border of Ishikawa Prefecture and enters the sea at Toyama Bay.
The kanji that spells Oyabe means "little arrow room", but this may be a case of ateji, in which the kanji spelling was applied to the word, regardless of meaning. The word "oyabe" appears to be an Ainu name, oyaw pet [ojawbet], or "snake river", perhaps due to its serpentine course; there is also a legend of a battle with a monstrous snake, whose death created part of the local landscape.Rui Hachimura
Rui Hachimura (八村 塁, Hachimura Rui, born February 8, 1998) is a Japanese professional basketball player for the Washington Wizards of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He played college basketball for the Gonzaga Bulldogs and is a member of the Japanese national team. Listed at 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) and 230 lbs (104 kg), he plays both the small forward and power forward positions. He was considered one of the top prospects for the 2019 NBA draft, and he was selected 9th overall in the first round by the Wizards.
Born in Toyama Prefecture, Hachimura achieved success at the youth level in Japan, leading Meisei High School to three straight All-Japan High School Tournament titles and being a top player for the Japanese under-17 and under-19 national teams in FIBA competition. He joined Gonzaga in 2016 as the fifth Japanese-born men's NCAA Division I player and became the first Japanese national in 2017 to play in the NCAA Division I men's tournament. As a sophomore, he earned first-team All-WCC honors. He was named a finalist for the Naismith Player of the Year.Shigeru Muroi
Shigeru Muroi (室井 滋, Muroi Shigeru, born October 22, 1958 in Namerikawa, Toyama Prefecture) is a Japanese actress. She won the award for Best Supporting Actress at the 19th Hochi Film Awards for Izakaya Yūrei.Shō River
The Shō River (庄川, Shō-gawa) has its source in Mount Eboshi (烏帽子岳 Eboshigatake) in the Shōkawa-chō area of Takayama, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. After flowing for 115 km (71 mi) through the northern part of Gifu Prefecture and the western part of Toyama Prefecture, it empties into Toyama Bay.Tateyama, Toyama
Tateyama (立山町, Tateyama-machi) is a town located in Nakaniikawa District, Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
As of 1 October 2016, the town had an estimated population of 26,212 in 9452 households and a population density of 85 persons per km². The total area of the town was 307.29 square kilometres (118.65 sq mi).Toyama Airport
Toyama Airport (富山空港, Toyama Kūkō) (IATA: TOY, ICAO: RJNT) is an airport located in the city of Toyama, Toyama Prefecture, Japan. The airport services are primarily domestic flights and international flights to Korea and Taiwan: however, seasonal international charter flights also service Toyama from April to June.
Located approximately 7 kilometers south of central Toyama, the airport is part of the Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route and is the closest international airport to UNESCO World Heritage Site of Gokayama. As the airport has convenient access to downtown Toyama and various highways, the airport also serves a wide area of the Jōetsu region of Niigata Prefecture and Hida region of Gifu Prefecture.
The airport opened on August 20, 1963, with regularly scheduled flights by All Nippon Airways to Tokyo Haneda Airport using a Fokker F-27. This was replaced by a NAMC YS-11 in 1970. In 1984, the runway was lengthened from 1200 to 2000 meters to accommodate jet operations and a new terminal building was completed. An international terminal was completed in March 1993, Asiana becoming the first international airline to schedule service to the airport.
It is the only airport built on a riverbed in Japan, and the runways and aprons are located on the riverbed on the right bank of the Jintsu River. The terminal building is outside the river, and the boarding bridge built across the levee is Japan's longest. Because of the location of the riverbed, it was not possible to completely install the instrument landing system, which restricts operations in poor visibility due to heavy snow in winter. In addition, physical restrictions are severe, as there is little space on the site and taxiways can not be made to both ends of the runway (there is no parallel taxiway, and planes must made takes a U-turn on a turning pad at the end of the runway for takeoff. The number of departure and arrival flights is limited to 15 per day according to the local agreement. Although plans to relocate the airport, possibly to an offshore location, were discussed, traffic to the airport has decreased dramatically with the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen in March 2015.Toyama Grouses
The Toyama Grouses are a Japanese basketball team, playing in the Central Conference of the B.League. They are based in Toyama Prefecture.Toyama Stadium
Toyama Stadium (Japanese: 富山県総合運動公園陸上競技場, Hepburn: Toyama-ken Sōgō Undō Kōen Rikujō Kyōgijō) is a multi-purpose stadium in Toyama, Japan. It is currently used mostly for football matches and athletics events. This stadium's capacity is 28,494 people.Ōzakai Cave Dwelling Site
Ōzakai Cave Dwelling (大境洞窟住居跡, Ōzakai dōkutsu jūkyo ato) is an archaeological site consisting of a cave dwelling in what is now part of the city of Himi, Toyama Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Japan in 1986.