Tottori Prefecture

Tottori Prefecture (鳥取県 Tottori-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2 (1,354 sq mi). Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyogo Prefecture to the east.

Tottori is the capital and largest city of Tottori Prefecture, with other major cities including Yonago, Kurayoshi, and Sakaiminato.[2] Tottori Prefecture is home to the Tottori Sand Dunes, the largest sand dunes system in Japan, and Mount Daisen, the highest peak in the Chūgoku Mountains.

Tottori Prefecture

鳥取県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese鳥取県
 • RōmajiTottori-ken
Flag of Tottori Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Tottori Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Tottori Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°27′N 133°46′E / 35.450°N 133.767°ECoordinates: 35°27′N 133°46′E / 35.450°N 133.767°E
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'in)
IslandHonshu
CapitalTottori
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 19
Government
 • GovernorShinji Hirai
Area
 • Total3,507.05 km2 (1,354.08 sq mi)
Area rank41st
Population
 (June 1, 2016)
 • Total570,569
 • Rank47th
 • Density163/km2 (420/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-31
Websitewww.pref.tottori.jp/english
Symbols
BirdMandarin duck (Aix galericulata)
FlowerNijisseiki nashi pear blossom (Pyrus pyrifolia)
TreeDaisenkyaraboku (Taxus cuspidata)

Etymology

The word "Tottori" in Japanese is formed from two kanji characters. The first, , means "bird" and the second, means "to get". Early residents in the area made their living catching the region's plentiful waterfowl. The name first appears in the Nihon shoki in the 23rd year of the Emperor Suinin (213 AD) when Yukuha Tana, an elder from the Izumo, visits the emperor. The imperial Prince Homatsu-wake was unable to speak, despite being 30 years of age.

"Yukuha Tana presented the swan to the emperor. Homatsu-wake no Mikoto played with this swan and at last learned to speak. Therefore, Yukaha Tana was liberally rewarded, and was granted the title of Tottori no Miyakko." (Aston, translation)[3]

History

Early history

Tottori Prefecture was settled very early in the prehistoric period of Japan, as evidenced by remains from the Jōmon period (14,000 – 300 BC).[4] The prefecture has the remains of the largest known Yayoi period (300 BC – 250 AD) settlement in Japan, the Mukibanda Yayoi remains, located in the low foothills of Mount Daisen[5] in the cities of Daisen and Yonago.[6] Numerous kofun tumuli from the Kofun period (250 – 538) are located across the prefecture.[7] In 645, under the Taika reforms, the area in present-day Tottori Prefecture became two provinces, Hōki and Inaba.[8]

Later history

During the Genpei War (1180–1185) between the Taira and Minamoto clans in the late-Heian period, Tottori became a base for anti-Taira forces, specifically at two temples, Daisen-ji and Sanbutsu-ji. By the beginning of the Kamakura period (1185–1333) shōen estates were established to directly support the Imperial court and various temples. Successive clans controlled the region during the Sengoku period (15th to 17th century), most notably the Yamana clan, but after the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 the region was pacified. The Tokugawa shogunate installed the Ikeda clan at Tottori Castle. The clan retained control of the area until throughout the Edo period (1603–1868) and the resources of the area financially and materially supported the shogunate.[9]

Modern history

The two provinces remained in place until the Meiji Restoration in 1868, and the boundaries of Tottori Prefecture were established in 1888.[4] After the occupation of Korea and Taiwan in the 20th century, and the establishment of the Manchukuo puppet state in 1932, Tottori's harbors on the Japan Sea served as an active transit point for goods between Japan and the colonial areas. Before the end of World War II the prefecture was hit by a massive magnitude 7.2 earthquake, the 1943 Tottori earthquake, which destroyed 80% of the city of Tottori, and greatly damaged the surrounding area. In the postwar period land reform was carried out in the prefecture, resulting in a great increase of agricultural production.[9]

Geography

Map of Tottori Prefecture Ja
Map of Tottori Prefecture
     City      Town      Village
[Full screen]
Cities in Tottori Prefecture
1
Kurayoshi
2
Sakaiminato
3
Tottori(capital)
4
Yonago
Tottori castle08 1920
Tottori City
SakaiminatoCity
Sakaiminato

Tottori is home to the Tottori Sand Dunes, Japan's only large dune system. As of 1 April 2012, 14% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Sanin Kaigan National Parks; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Parks; and Misasa-Tōgōko, Nishi Inaba, and Okuhino Prefectural Natural Parks.[10]

Mount Misumi is located within the former area of Mochigase that was merged into the city of Tottori in 2004.

Cities

Four cities are located in Tottori Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Demographics

Tottori is the least populated prefecture in Japan.

Economy

Tottori Prefecture is heavily agricultural and its products are shipped to the major cities of Japan. Some of the famous products are the nashi pear, nagaimo yam, Japanese scallion, negi, and watermelon. The prefecture is also a major producer of rice.

Language

Historically, the region had extensive linguistic diversity. While the standard Tokyo dialect of the Japanese language is now used in Tottori Prefecture, several other dialects are also used. Many of them are grouped with Western Japanese, and include the Chugoku and Umpaku dialects.[11]

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Tottori.

Education

Universities

Colleges

Noted places

Tottori City

Sunaba Coffee 20171219
Sunaba Coffee House, a well known Coffeehouse in Tottori

Daisen

Daisen 2016-03-15 (25637525020)
Panoramic view of Mount Daisen, Yonago

Daisen and Yonago

Yonago and Sakaiminato

Mizuki Shigeru Museum -01
View of Sakaiminato Mizuki Shigeru Memorial Hall and Charactor's Statue

Misasa

Sakaiminato

Iwami

Chizu

Nanbu

  • Tottori Hanakairo-Flower Park, the largest flower park in Japan

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Expressway and toll roads

  •  Tottori Expressway
  •  Yonago Expressway
  •  Sanin Expressway
  •  Shidosaka Pass Road
  •  Tottori-Toyooka-Miyazu Road

National highways

  • Route 9
  • Route 29 (Tottori-Shiso-Himeji)
  • Route 53 (Tottori-Tsuyama-Okayama)
  • Route 178
  • Route 179
  • Route 180
  • Route 181 (Yonago-Niimi-Okayama)
  • Route 183
  • Route 313
  • Route 373
  • Route 431
  • Route 482

Ports

  • Sakai Port - ferry route to Oki Island, and international container hub

Airports

Prefectural symbols

The symbol is derived from the first mora in Japanese for "" combined with the picture of a flying bird, and symbolizes peace, liberty, and the advancement of the Tottori prefecture. It was enacted in 1968 to celebrate the 100th year from the first year of the Meiji Era.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tottori Prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 990, p. 990, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Tottori" at p. 990, p. 990, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Aston, W. G., translator., ed. (1972), "XXX", Nihongi; chronicles of Japan from the earliest times to A.D. 697 (1st Tuttle ed.), Rutland, Vt.: C.E. Tuttle Co., p. 175, ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9, OCLC 354027
  4. ^ a b "Tottori Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  5. ^ Muki-Banda Remains Archived 2012-09-04 at Archive.today
  6. ^ "Mukibanda-iseki (妻木晩田遺跡)". Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (日本歴史地名大系) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  7. ^ "Tottori Plain". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  8. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  9. ^ a b "Tottori-ken (鳥取県)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  10. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  11. ^ "Tottori-ken: seikatsu bunka (鳥取(県): 生活文化)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-07.

References

External links

Hiba-Dogo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park

Hiba-Dogo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park (比婆道後帝釈国定公園, Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku Kokutei Kōen) is a Quasi-National Park that spans areas of Tottori Prefecture, Shimane Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture, to the east of the island of Honshu, Japan. It was founded on 24 July 1963 and has an area of 78.08 square kilometres (78,080,000 m2). As its name suggests, the Hiba-Dogo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park is composed of a series of mountains and ravines in the middle of the Chūgoku Mountains. The park has virgin forests of Japanese beeches, Japanese oaks, Japanese horse-chestnuts and interesting ferns. Fauna include the Asiatic black bear, Japanese macaque, mountain hawk eagle and the Japanese giant salamander. Lake Shinryū is also a component of the park.

Higashiyamakōen Station (Tottori)

Higashiyamakōen Station (東山公園駅, Higashiyamakōen-eki) is a railway station on the Sanin Main Line of West Japan Railway Company (JR West) located in, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

The station started operation on 18 March 1993.

Hii River

The Hii River (斐伊川, Hii-kawa) is a river in Shimane Prefecture and Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Hino River

The Hino River (日野川, Hino-gawa) is a major river in the western part of Tottori Prefecture. The river flows east-northeast for 77 kilometres (48 mi), and is the longest river in the prefecture. The Hino River emerges from the Chūgoku Mountains. The source of the river is at an elevation of 1,004 metres (3,294 ft) in an area near Mount Mikuni and Mount Dōgo in Nichinan in southeastern Tottori Prefecture. At Kofu, the river turns north-northwest. The lower part of the Hino River flows through the Yonago Plain before finally discharging into Miho Bay at Hiezu near Yonago. Erosion over time has created the scenic Sekkakei Ravine. The Sukesawa Dam forms an artificial lake, Lake Nichinan. Approximately 60,800 people use the water provided by the Hino River.

Hōki Province

Hoki Province (伯耆国, Hōki no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area that is today the western part of Tottori Prefecture. It was sometimes called Hakushū (伯州). Hōki bordered on Inaba, Mimasaka, Bitchū, Bingo, and Izumo Provinces.

The ancient capital was in the area that is now Kurayoshi, and a major castle town was at Yonago.

Maps of Japan and Hōki Province were reformed in the 1870s when the prefecture system was introduced. At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Hōki is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 (a) between Japan and the United States and (b) between Japan and the United Kingdom.

Inaba Province

Inaba Province (因幡国, Inaba-no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area that is today the eastern part of Tottori Prefecture. It was sometimes called Inshū (因州). Inaba bordered on Harima, Hōki, Mimasaka, and Tajima Provinces.

The ancient capital, and the castle town, were at Tottori city. Ube jinja was designated as the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) for the province.

Kenji Sawada

Kenji Sawada (沢田 研二, Sawada Kenji, born June 25, 1948; real surname written as 澤田) is a Japanese singer, composer, lyricist and actor, best known for being the vocalist for the Japanese rock band The Tigers. Nicknamed "Julie" (ジュリー, Jurī) because of his self professed adoration of Julie Andrews, he was born in Tsunoi, Iwami (now part of Tottori), Tottori Prefecture, Japan, and raised in Sakyo-ku, Kyoto at age 3.

As a singer (often he also worked as a songwriter) and actor, Sawada prospered greatly on Japanese popular culture in the last three decades of the Shōwa era. At the end of the 1960s, he had great success as the lead singer of the band The Tigers. After the breakup of The Tigers and another project Pyg, he began his own solo career.

Miho-Yonago Airport

Miho Airbase (美保飛行場) (IATA: YGJ, ICAO: RJOH), also known as Yonago Airport is a Japan Air Defense Force (JASDF) base located 11km northwest of Yonago in Tottori Prefecture. It is owned and operated by JASDF and shares the runway with civil activities.

Mount Daisen

Mount Daisen (大山, Daisen), is a volcanic mountain in Tottori Prefecture, Japan. It has an elevation of 1,729 metres. This mountain is the highest in the Chūgoku region, and the most important volcano on the Daisen volcanic belt: a part of Southwest Honshu volcanic arc, where the Philippine Sea Plate is subducting under the Amurian Plate.

Nichinan, Tottori

Nichinan (日南町, Nichinan-chō) is a town located in Hino District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2016, the town had an estimated population of 4,665 and a density of 13.7 persons per square kilometre. The total area is 340.87 square kilometres (131.61 sq mi), representing 10% of the total area of Tottori Prefecture, and making it the largest administrative district in the prefecture. 90% of the town is covered by forest, and 5% of the land is arable. Areas of Nichinan are part of Hiba-Dogo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park.

Sendai River

The Sendai River (千代川, Sendai-gawa) is a river in eastern Tottori Prefecture, Japan. The Sendai is 52 kilometers (32 mi) in length and has a drainage area of 1,190 square kilometers (460 sq mi). The source of the river is in the Chūgoku Mountains. The Sendai flows north through Tottori Prefecture into the Sea of Japan. Under the Rivers Act of 1964 it is designated a Class 1 River, and is managed by the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. About 200,000 people live along the course of the river. The Sendai River provides sediment to form the Tottori Sand Dunes, the largest dune system in Japan.

Takami Akai

Takami Akai (赤井 孝美, Akai Takami) is an illustrator, game creator, character designer and animator born on November 21, 1961 in Yonago, Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

Tenjin River

The Tenjin River (天神川) is a river in Tottori Prefecture, Japan. Tenjin river is also called as Tenjingawa There are approximately 120 sakura tress along the river. Visitors can take part in hanami (flower-viewing party) which is held each year.

Tottori Airport

Tottori Airport (鳥取空港, Tottori Kūkō) (IATA: TTJ, ICAO: RJOR) is an airport serving the city of Tottori, Tottori Prefecture, Japan. The airport is owned and operated by the Tottori Prefecture Tottori Airport Authority (鳥取県鳥取空港管理事務所, Tottori-ken Tottori Kūkō Kanri Jimusho), and has a passenger volume of approximately 330,000 per year. The nickname is Tottori Sand Dunes Conan Airport (鳥取砂丘コナン空港, Tottori Sakyū Konan Kūkō).

Tottori Bank Bird Stadium

The Tottori Bank Bird Stadium (とりぎんバードスタジアム) is a 16,033-capacity multi-purpose stadium in Tottori, Tottori. The stadium is home to J3 League side Gainare Tottori. The stadium hosted Ecuador's national selection during the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

It was formerly known as Tottori Stadium. Since April 2008 it has been called Tottori Bank Bird Stadium for the naming rights.

The stadium has also hosted rugby union games. It is one of the few soccer-specific stadiums built in Japan before the 2002 FIFA World Cup boom, and as such Gainare Tottori uses it as part of its bid to be promoted to the J.League, since their home stadium in Yonago was built for athletics and the town has no money for upgrading it.

Tottori Station

Tottori Station (鳥取駅, Tottori-eki) is a railway station on the Sanin Main Line in the city of Tottori, in Tottori Prefecture, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It is located in the Higashihonji-chō district of the city of Tottori.

Yazu District, Tottori

Yazu (八頭郡, Yazu-gun) is a district located in Tottori Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2003, the district has an estimated population of 48,540 and a density of 55.43 persons per km². The total area is 875.74 km².

Yonago Station

Yonago Station (米子駅, Yonago-eki) is a railway station on the Sanin Main Line in Yonago, Tottori Prefecture, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It is also the terminus of the Sakai Line.

The station started operation on November 1, 1902.

Yuka Yoshida

Yuka Yoshida (Japanese: 吉田友佳, born 1 April 1976) is a former professional tennis player from Japan who has one doubles win in Memphis, Tennessee. Her best grand slam result came in 1998 when she reached the Quarterfinals of the doubles at the US Open.

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