Tottenham (UK Parliament constituency)
Tottenham () is a constituency[n 1] created in 1950 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Rt Hon David Lammy, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2] It previously existed from 1885 to 1918.
1885-1918: The parish of Tottenham, and the area [small exclaves] included in the Parliamentary Boroughs of Bethnal Green, Hackney, Shoreditch, and Tower Hamlets.
1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Tottenham wards of Bruce Grove and Stoneleigh, Chestnuts, Green Lanes, Stamford Hill, Town Hall, and West Green.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Haringey wards of Bruce Grove, Green Lanes, High Cross, Seven Sisters, South Tottenham, Tottenham Central, and West Green.
1983-2010: As above plus Coleraine, Harringay, Park, and White Hart Lane.
2010-present: Bruce Grove, Harringay, Northumberland Park, St Ann’s, Seven Sisters, Tottenham Green, Tottenham Hale, West Green, White Hart Lane.
From 2018 (proposed): As above plus Stroud Green.
The constituency is in the London Borough of Haringey in north London, covering the borough's central and eastern area.
1885 to 1918
The seat sided with the Conservative party candidate until the January-to-February-held 1906 election, a party noted for the gradual social reforms of Benjamin Disraeli in the early 1880s, particularly in education and urban deprivation. By the time of the United Kingdom general election, 1906 the Liberal Party (UK) was at its final apex and stood on the moral high ground on issues of free trade and abhorrences in the Boer War which turned the seat in the Liberal landslide result of that year to the party's candidate. The two elections in 1910 (before a near eight-year long hiatus in elections due to World War I) were one-member parliamentary majority results nationally between the two then-dominant parties but the Liberal Party's People's Budget proposed at the first 1910 election saw Liberal incumbent Alden narrowly returned to serve Tottenham and again at the end of the year.
This constituency was recreated to cover a narrower, more focussed seat on the largest town or London District itself, of Tottenham. Parts of two wards were in the former Borough of Hornsey which had a seat, abolished in 1983 to make way for Hornsey and Wood Green.
- Political history
During its modern period of existence, Tottenham has been won consistently by the Labour Party,[n 3] however one member in the early 1960s, Alan Brown, defected to become independent in opposition[n 4] and then, crossing the floor, became a Conservative. Brown failed by a wide margin to win re-election in 1964. The closest result since 1950 was in 1987 when the Labour Party candidate seeking re-election won by 8.2% of the vote ahead of a Conservative Party candidate. The first by-election to Tottenham occurred in 2000 on the death of a member.
In 2005 and 2010 — reflecting a national swing — the runner-up was a Liberal Democrat candidate.
The re-election of Lammy in 2015 made the seat the 12th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority; and third safest in the capital. In 2017, Lammy was re-elected with 81.6% of the vote and a 70.1% majority, making Tottenham the safest seat for any party in Greater London.
- Prominent frontbenchers
Rt Hon David Lammy, the present member was Minister of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills until the change of government in 2010.
A cosmopolitan, inner-city seat in the London Borough of Haringey, Tottenham has a large ethnic minority population - around a fifth of the residents are black, and there is a large Muslim population. Excluding the south of the constituency, the percentage of white residents understates the ethnic variety of this constituency, similar to the borough as a whole which includes major Cypriot, Irish, Eastern European, Jewish and Russian communities. The seat includes the two Haringey metropolitan centres of Harringay and Tottenham. Leading London football club Tottenham Hotspur F.C. ('Spurs') is also based in the constituency.
The seat includes the district of Tottenham. The constituency also includes the Broadwater Farm estate which was notorious for the 1985 riots, following which the estate underwent a massive facelift and is no longer a crime blackspot, and Northumberland Park which is blighted by social problems, including overcrowding.
In the east of the area is the River Lea with its valley trail and the Tottenham marshes, while to the south the seat takes in Finsbury Park in Harringay.
The proportion of people workless and registered as jobseekers was in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. Though this is not the case in the southern side of the constituency. At that time the London average was similar to the national average, at 4.0%.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
Elections in the 2000s
Elections in the 1990s
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
Elections in the 1910s
Elections in the 1900s
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1880s
Notes and references
- ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election that occurs at least every five years.
- ^ Most often since 1950 the Labour party candidate has achieved an absolute majority.
- ^ During the Conservative Government 1957-1964
- ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180
- ^ Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521152532
- ^ Boundary Commission for England (12 Aug 2016), Initial proposals for new Parliamentary constituency boundaries in London
- ^ "Oxford DNB theme: The general election of 1906". www.oxforddnb.com.
- ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- ^ 2011 census interactive maps Archived January 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ The London Borough of Haringey says its "Metropolitan Centres serve wide catchments areas and can cover several boroughs. Typically they contain at least 100,000sq.m of retail floorspace with a significant proportion of high-order comparison goods relative to convenience goods. These centres generally have very good accessibility and significant employment, leisure, service and civic functions", London Borough of Haringey's Local Plan, Site Allocations DPD, July 2017
- ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
- ^ "Tottenham parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
- ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- ^ "Tottenham parliamentary constituency - Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- ^ "London Green Party general election results". Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- ^ "Jenny Sutton for Tottenham next May". Harringay online. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
- ^ "tottenham-parliamentary-constituency". Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ^ Walker, Michael. "Cross, George". Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 349. ISBN 9781349022984.
- ^ "Today's Polling". Aberdeen Press and Journal. 5 July 1892. p. 7. Retrieved 12 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- ^ "The General Election". Huddersfield Chronicle. 5 July 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 12 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
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