Tony Tan

Tony Tan Keng Yam DUT (First Class) (born February 7, 1940) is a Singaporean politician who was the seventh President of Singapore holding office from 2011 to 2017 after winning the 2011 Singaporean presidential election with 35.20% of the votes, winning by a narrow 0.34% margin over Tan Cheng Bock. Tan was sworn in as President on 1 September 2011[1] and held office until 31 August 2017.[2] He is the only living former president of Singapore.

Tony Tan Keng Yam

陈庆炎
Tony Tan Keng Yam cropp
7th President of Singapore
In office
1 September 2011 – 31 August 2017
Prime MinisterLee Hsien Loong
Preceded byS. R. Nathan
Succeeded byHalimah Yacob
Coordinating Minister for Security and Defence
In office
1 August 2003 – 1 September 2005
Prime MinisterLee Hsien Loong
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byS. Jayakumar (National Security)
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
In office
1 August 1995 – 1 September 2005
Prime MinisterGoh Chok Tong
Lee Hsien Loong
Preceded byOng Teng Cheong
Succeeded byWong Kan Seng
Minister for Defence
In office
1 August 1995 – 1 August 2003
Prime MinisterGoh Chok Tong
Preceded byLee Boon Yang
Succeeded byTeo Chee Hean
Minister for Education
In office
1 January 1985 – 29 December 1991
Prime MinisterLee Kuan Yew
Goh Chok Tong
Preceded byGoh Keng Swee
Succeeded byLee Yock Suan
Minister for Finance
In office
24 October 1983 – 1 January 1985
Prime MinisterLee Kuan Yew
Preceded byHon Sui Sen
Succeeded byRichard Hu
Member of the Singapore Parliament
for Sembawang GRC
In office
4 September 1988 – 6 May 2006
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byKhaw Boon Wan
Member of the Singapore Parliament
for Sembawang SMC
In office
11 February 1979 – 3 September 1988
Preceded byTeong Eng Siong
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Tony Tan Keng Yam

7 February 1940 (age 79)
Singapore, Straits Settlements
Political party
Spouse(s)
Children3 sons
1 daughter
RelativesTan Chin Tuan (Uncle)
Alma materNational University of Singapore
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
University of Adelaide

Education and early career

Tan was educated at St Patrick's School and St Joseph's Institution. As a recipient of a government scholarship, he graduated with first class honours in physics from the University of Singapore (now the National University of Singapore), topping his class.[3] As an Asia Foundation scholar, he attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he completed a Master of Science in operations research. He later earned a Doctor of Philosophy in applied mathematics at the University of Adelaide, and went on to lecture mathematics in the University of Singapore.[4] [5]

In 1969, Tan left the University of Singapore to begin a career in banking with Overseas-Chinese Banking Corporation (OCBC), where he rose to become General Manager, before leaving the bank to pursue a career in politics in 1979.

A member of the People's Action Party (PAP) until June 2011, Tan became a Member of Parliament (MP) in 1979. He was appointed as a Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Education in 1979.

Minister for Education (1980–81 & 1985–91)

He joined the Cabinet in 1980, serving as Minister for Education (MOE).

As the Minister for Education, Tan scrapped a policy that favoured children of more well-educated mothers ahead of children of less-educated mothers in primary school placement in response to popular discontent and public criticism of the policy which saw PAP receiving the lowest votes since independence during the 1984 general election.[6][7] He also introduced the independent schools system, allowing established educational institutions in Singapore to charge its own fees and have control over their governance and teaching staff, though this was criticised by parents as being "elitist" and made top-ranked schools increasingly out of reach to poorer families due to subsequent fee hikes.[8][9]

Minister for Trade & Industry (1981–86)

Tan took on the role of Minister for Trade & Industry from 1981 to 1986. He was also appointed Minister for Finance (1983–85), and Minister for Health (1985–86).[3]

Tan espoused a cut in the Central Provident Fund (CPF) in the 1980s, which Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew had said would not be allowed except "in an economic crisis".[10]

Union disputes and conflict with Ong Teng Cheong

Tan was also known to have opposed the shipping industry strike in January 1986, the first for about a decade in Singapore, which was sanctioned by fellow cabinet member Ong Teng Cheong, the secretary-general of the National Trades Union Congress (NTUC), who felt the strike was necessary.

As Minister for Trade and Industry, Tan was concerned about investors' reactions to a perceived deterioration of labour relations and the impact on foreign direct investment.

In his analysis, historian Michael Barr explains that older [grassroots] union leaders" bore "increasing disquiet" at their exclusion from consultation in NTUC's policies, which were effectively managed by "technocrats" in the government. Unlike the previous NTUC secretary-general Lim Chee Onn, Lee Kuan Yew's protégé Ong Teng Cheong in 1983 had an "implicit pact" with the trade unions—involving grassroots leaders in top decisions and "working actively and forcefully" in the interests of the unions "in a way Lim had never seen to do"—in exchange for the unions' continued "cooperation on the government's core industrial relations strategies". (In 1969 the NTUC had adopted "a cooperative, rather than a confrontational policy towards employers".)[11]

Although striking was prohibited and trade unions were barred from negotiating such matters as promotion, transfer, employment, dismissal, retrenchment, and reinstatement, issues that "accounted for most earlier labour disputes", the government provided measures for workers' safety and welfare, and serious union disputes with employers were almost always handled through the Industrial Arbitration Court, which had powers of both binding arbitration and voluntary mediation.[12] However, Ong felt these measures did not prevent "management [from] taking advantage of the workers", recalling in a 2000 interview in Asiaweek: "Some of them were angry with me about that... the minister for trade and industry [Tan] was very angry, his officers were upset. They had calls from America, asking what happened to Singapore?"[13] However the fact that the strike only lasted two days before "all the issues were settled" was cited by Ong in a 2000 interview with Asiaweek as proof that "management was just trying to pull a fast one".

Separately, Tan initially opposed the timing of building the Mass Rapid Transit in 1981 when it was raised by Ong. Tan held the view that the local construction industry was overheated at the time, and public housing should take priority.[14]

Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation (1992–1995)

In December 1991, Tan stepped down from the Cabinet to return to the private sector, and rejoined the Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation (OCBC) as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer from 1992 to 1995, while retaining his seat in Parliament as a representative for the Sembawang Group Representation Constituency.

Deputy Prime Minister (1995–2005)

After Ong Teng Cheong and Lee Hsien Loong were diagnosed with cancer in 1992,[15] and 1993[16] Tan was asked[17] to return to Cabinet in August 1995 as Deputy Prime Minister (1995–2005) and Minister for Defence (1995–2003). It was reported that he declined an offer of make-up pay, which compensated ministers for a loss in salary when they leave the private sector.[18] Tan declared that "the interests of Singapore must take precedence over that of a bank and my own personal considerations".[19]

In August 2003, he relinquished the defence portfolio and became the Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence, while retaining the post of Deputy Prime Minister.[3] He later persuaded the Minister for National Development Mah Bow Tan to abandon plans to demolish an old mosque in his constituency of Sembawang.[20] Dubbed the "Last Kampung Mosque in Singapore", it was later designated a heritage site.[21]

Tan joined other dissenting colleagues in opposing the implementation of "integrated resorts" with their attached casinos to Singapore. Commenting on an MCYS survey of gambling habits, Tan had said he was "appalled" that a newspaper headline dismissed the number of likely problem gamblers (55,000) as insignificant: "I don't think it's insignificant. Every Singaporean is important. Every Singaporean that gets into trouble means one family that is destroyed. It cannot be a matter of small concern to the Government."[22][23]

Tan stepped down as Deputy Prime Minister and Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence on 1 September 2005.

Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (2005–2011)

Tan was appointed the Executive Director of the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (GIC) following his retirement from Cabinet in 2005.[24]

Tan's tenure at the GIC coincided with moves towards "greater disclosure in the investment fund's activities amid mounting concerns about the secretive fund's influence after high-profile investments in UBS and Citigroup."[25]

In September 2008 GIC issued the first of a series of annual reports on GIC's portfolio management, governance, and people.[26] In 2008 during the global financial crisis, GIC experienced a significant drop in its real rate of return which recovered[27] subsequently.

2011 presidential election

Poster of Tony Tan (English) for the Singaporean presidential election - 20110828
Tan's poster for the 2011 presidential election in English
Spectacles-SG2001-transparent
Tan's presidential campaign logo, a pair of spectacles

On 22 December 2010, Tan announced that he would step down from his government-linked positions at GIC and SPH to run for the office of President of Singapore.[28] Tan's campaign stressed his independence and his divergent views from the PAP government in specific policies, citing a remark made by East Coast GRC MP Tan Soo Khoon in 2005: "It is probably the first time that I have heard Cabinet Ministers, starting with no less than the Deputy Prime Minister, Dr Tony Tan, expressing divergent views [on the Integrated Resorts question]."[29][30] However, competing presidential election candidates and former PAP members Tan Kin Lian and Tan Cheng Bock questioned Tan's independence from the party.[31] On 7 July 2011, Tony Tan submitted his presidential eligibility forms.[32] Tan won 35.2% of the votes cast.

Patrick Tan controversy

On 29 July 2011, Tan responded to online allegations[33] that his son Patrick Tan had received preferential treatment during compulsory military service, officially known as National Service (NS) in Singapore. "My sons all completed their National Service obligations fully and I have never intervened in their postings," he said.[34][35] Tan also noted that he had served as Defence Minister from 1995 to 2003, while Patrick Tan said that it was in 1988 that he been permitted by Singapore's Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) to disrupt his NS for premedical studies in Harvard University[36] and an MD-PhD program in Stanford University under a President's Scholarship and Loke Cheng Kim Scholarship.[37] MINDEF clarified that, prior to 1992, disruptions were allowed for overseas medical studies, and longer periods of disruption were granted for those admitted to universities in the United States, where medicine is a graduate course. American medical students are required to complete a "pre-medical component for a general undergraduate degree" before applying to medical school.[38] In response to a question in Parliament on the subject of deferments, Minister for Defence Ng Eng Hen stated on 20 October 2011 that Patrick Tan had not been given any special treatment.[39]

Campaign platform

Describing himself as "Tested, Trusted, True", Tan said his past experiences will help him steer Singapore through the financial uncertainty lying ahead.[40]

On Nomination Day (17 August 2011), Tan unveiled his election symbol – a pair of black glasses which resembles the trademark spectacles he has steadfastly worn for years. His campaign materials, which included caps, postcards and fridge magnets also carried the symbol. About 9,400 posters and 200 banners were printed.[41]

Campaign endorsements

Tan's presidential bid was endorsed by the 10,000-strong Federation of Tan Clan Associations on 7 August 2011.[42] By 13 August 2011, the leaders of 19 NTUC-affiliated unions (which have 128,000 members) had endorsed his bid.[43][44] On 14 August, the leadership of the Singapore Federation of Chinese Clan Associations (SFCCA) and the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce & Industry (SCCCI) also endorsed his bid.[45][46] The leadership of another four unions from the construction and real estate sector, which represent more than 50,000 members, endorsed Tan's bid on 16 August. Nine Teochew clan associations also supported Tan.[47] Union leaders in three sectors – Transport and Logistics, Marine and Machinery-engineering, and Infocomm and Media – endorsed Tan on 17 August. They together represent 112,000 workers.[48] Tan received The Singapore Malay Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SMCCI) endorsed Tan's presidential candidacy on 18 August 2011. It is also was the first[49] Malay organisation to do so.

Campaign proceedings

After a closed door meeting with the Singapore Malay Chamber of Commerce and Industry on 11 August 2011, Tan remarked that it is "not too early" for the government to have contingency plans in case an economic crisis hits Singapore, noting that "with his background and knowledge", he added that he was in a position to provide "a steady hand".[50]

Speaking to reporters after a dialogue with the Singapore Manufacturers' Federation the following day, Tan remarked that it would be a "grave mistake" to phase out manufacturing in Singapore, which has been transitioning to a service economy and an information economy since the 1980s. He then went on to describe manufacturing as a "key pillar of Singapore's economy". Without the sector, he feels Singapore's economy will be "less resilient, less diversified" and there will be "fewer options for our young people and Singapore will lose."[51]

On 15 August 2011, following the National Day Rally speech by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Tan said that one point he found particularly interesting in Lee's address was whether Singapore would remain pragmatic in its policy making, or if it would turn populist. He added that the temptation to make populist decisions was affecting the presidential election, "with some candidates appealing to the public in ways that could go beyond the parameters of the Singapore's Constitution".[52][53]

On 17 August 2011, crowds booed[54] at Tan and his son as he delivered his two-minute Nomination Day speech. According to The Straits Times, the jeers came from a vocal group of people who mostly supported another presidential candidate Tan Jee Say.[55] At a press conference later that day, Tony Tan said that while different points of view were to be expected in a campaign, it was disappointing to have people who would not even listen, and hoped that Singaporeans would listen to the views of all the candidates. He said, "I don't think that jeering or heckling is the right way to go about the campaign, particularly in a campaign for the president, which has to be conducted with decorum and dignity."[56]

On the first presidential candidate broadcast on 18 August 2011, while other candidates made promises in their first presidential candidate broadcasts on Thursday night, Tan refrained[57] from making promises during the broadcast and focused on the role of the President instead. Speaking in English, Chinese and Malay, Tan said,[58] "Some people argue that the President must take a public stand on current issues. I hear and share the concerns of Singaporeans. But policies are debated in Parliament and implemented by the Government. Others have said that the President must oppose the Government. That is a job for the Opposition. People interested in such roles should run for Parliament in the next General Election."

Presidency (2011–2017)

Tony Tan at the 2012 Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
Tan opening the "International Evening" at the 2012 Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting

Tan sought to distinguish his presidency by promoting a more active civil society, believing that Singapore needed to build up its "social reserves" to complement the substantial financial reserves the city state had accumulated over time.[59] An example of this, he said, was the way that he had expanded Singapore's President's Challenge charity event to go beyond fund-raising to promote volunteerism and social entrepreneurship.[60]

On 8 November 2016, Tan announced that he would not be standing in 2017 presidential election, which was reserved for Malay candidates after a constituitional amendment on 9 November 2016.[61][62] Tan left office on 31 August 2017.[63] He was succeeded by Halimah Yacob who became President after a walkover of the presidential elections, as no other candidates were deemed eligible.[64]

Other appointments

From 1980 to 1981, Tan was the first Vice-Chancellor of the National University of Singapore (NUS).[3]

Tony Tan at the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting, Davos, Switzerland - 20090130-01
Tan at the Annual Meeting 2009 of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland (30 January 2009)

After his retirement from the Cabinet in 2005, Tan became the chairman of the National Research Foundation and deputy chairman of the Research, Innovation and Enterprise Council. He was also Chairman of Singapore Press Holdings Limited (SPH).

Tan has served as patron of many organisations, including the Singapore Dance Theatre,[65] the Singapore Computer Society,[66] SJI International,[67] the Duke-NUS Medical School,[68] and the MIT Club of Singapore.[69] Most recently, in May 2011, he was named as the first patron of Dover Park Hospice.[70]

On 21 November 2017, GIC Private Limited, one of Singapore's sovereign wealth funds,[71] announced that Tan was to be appointed director and special advisor from 1 January 2018.

Personal life

Tony Tan and Mary Tan 2011
Tony Tan with his wife, Mary Tan

Tan's paternal grandfather was Tan Cheng Siong, the former general manager of The Oversea Chinese Bank. His uncle was former OCBC chairman Tan Chin Tuan.[72] Through his maternal grandmother Annie Tan Sun Neo, he is also a great-great-great grandson of philanthropist Tan Kim Seng.[73] Tony Tan married Mary Chee Bee Kiang in 1964. They have four children: three sons and one daughter.

Awards

In 2005, Tan was presented the NUS Eminent Alumni Award in recognition of his role as a visionary architect of Singapore's university sector.[3]

In 2010, he was presented the inaugural Distinguished Australian Alumnus Award by the Australian Alumni Singapore (AAS) at its 55th anniversary dinner in recognition of his distinguished career, and his significant contribution to society and to the Australian alumni community.[74][75]

Tan was awarded a medal from the Foreign Policy Association in 2011 for "outstanding leadership and service".[76]

In 2014, Tan was conferred an honorary doctorate by his Alma mater University of Adelaide for his "long record of outstanding achievements both as a leader in the Singapore government and in the business sectors.[77]

In 2018, Tan received the top honour of the Order of Temasek (First Class) during Singapore's National Day Awards.[78]

References

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  22. ^ Sandra Davie, "Gaming Minuses Worry DPM Tan; ‘55,000 Potential Gambling Addicts’ Is No Small Matter, He Says of Findings", Straits Times, 15 April 2005
  23. ^ Tan, Hui Leng (15 April 2005). "2% Risk 'Not Small'". Today. Retrieved 16 August 2011.
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  32. ^ Han, WeiChou (7 July 2011). "Presidential hopefuls Tony Tan and Tan Kin Lian submit papers". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  33. ^ "Some questions on Dr Patrick Tan's NS stint".
  34. ^ Tan, Tony. "Statement from Tony Tan – 29 July 2011". Facebook. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  35. ^ Leong, Wee Keat (30 July 2011). "Tony Tan refutes allegations of preferential treatment for son". Today. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  36. ^ "Patrick: Like father in some ways". Newspapers. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  37. ^ Tan, Tony. "Statement by Patrick Tan – 29 July 2011". Facebook. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  38. ^ Tan, Desmond (5 August 2011). "FORUM: Mindef: Disruption for medical course applied uniformly". Straits Times. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  39. ^ "Reply by Minister for Defence to Parliamentary Question". MINDEF Singapore. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  40. ^ "I'm tested, trusted, true: Tony Tan". TODAYonline. Archived from the original on 31 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  41. ^ "PE Tony Tan on what he wants to do if elected". Channel NewsAsia. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  42. ^ Cai, Hongxiang (7 August 2011). "Tan federation endorses Tony Tan". Straits Times.
  43. ^ Chan, Joanne (11 August 2011). "PE: Trade unions endorse Dr Tony Tan for PE". Channel NewsAsia.
  44. ^ Ng, Jing Yng (13 August 2011). "12 more unions support Tony Tan". Today Online. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  45. ^ Tan, Dawn (13 August 2011). "2 Chinese networking groups endorse Tony Tan". Straits Times. Singapore. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  46. ^ Loh, Dylan. "Singapore | SCCCI endorses Tony Tan". TODAYonline. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  47. ^ "PE: More unions, Teochew associations back Tony Tan's presidential bid". Channel NewsAsia, MSN. Retrieved 16 August 2011.
  48. ^ "PE More union clusters endorse Dr Tony Tan for Elected Presidency". Channel NewsAsia. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  49. ^ "PE Malay chamber backs Tony Tan for President". Channel NewsAsia. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  50. ^ Loh, Dylan (11 August 2011). "PE: "Not too early" to have plans to tackle economic crisis". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  51. ^ Chan, Joanne (12 August 2011). "PE: Phasing out manufacturing would be "grave mistake", says Tony Tan". Channel NewsAsia.
  52. ^ Lee, U-Wen (16 August 2011). "Uncashable cheques being written: Tony Tan". Business Times. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  53. ^ "PE Tony Tan fears some candidates writing cheques President cannot cash – Presidential Election 2011". Channel NewsAsia. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  54. ^ "Dr Tony Tan, do you know why you were booed?".
  55. ^ Cai, Haoxiang (18 August 2011). "Tony Tan heckled; fellow candidates voice disapproval". Straits Times. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  56. ^ RazorTV (18 August 2011). "Crowds boo during Dr Tony Tan's Nomination Day speech". Asiaone.com. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  57. ^ Jing, Ng (20 August 2011). "Singapore | Tony Tan focuses on the President's role". TODAYonline. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  58. ^ Wee, Leong (19 August 2011). "Singapore | Proposals, promises as PE broadcasts begin". TODAYonline. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  59. ^ Goh Chin Lian, "President to Singaporeans: Expand people-to-people bonds", Straits Times, 6 November 2013.
  60. ^ Leong Wai Kit, "S’pore needs both financial and ‘social’ reserves to thrive: President Tony Tan", Today, 6 November 2013.
  61. ^ "President Tony Tan says he will not be standing in 2017 presidential election reserved for Malay candidates". The Straits Times. 8 November 2016.
  62. ^ "Parliament passes changes to elected presidency". The Straits Times. 10 November 2016.
  63. ^ "President Tony Tan leaves office today". The Straits Times. 31 August 2017.
  64. ^ Wong, Tessa (13 September 2017). "'Walkover' election troubles Singaporeans". BBC News.
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  69. ^ "MIT Club of Singapore". Alumweb.mit.edu. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  70. ^ "Channel NewsAsia, 26 May 2011". Channel NewsAsia. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  71. ^ "Dr Tony Tan appointed director and special advisor of GIC". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  72. ^ Lee, Lynn (14 November 2005). "Tan Chin Tuan made OCBC a household name". The Straits Time.
  73. ^ Portrait of Dr. Tony Tan Keng Yam, General Manager of Overse-Chinese Banking Corporation Limited
  74. ^ "Tony Tan receives Aussie alumni award". Straits Times. Singapore. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011.
  75. ^ Australian Alumni Singapore (26 November 2010). "Dr Tony Tan First Recipient of Distinguished Australian Alumnus Award". Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  76. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  77. ^ "President Tony Tan conferred honorary doctorate by Australian university". Today Online. Singapore.
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Parliament of Singapore
Preceded by
Teong Eng Siong
Member of Parliament
for Sembawang SMC

1979–1988
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament
for Sembawang GRC

1988–2006
Succeeded by
Khaw Boon Wan
Academic offices
Preceded by
Toh Chin Chye
Vice Chancellor of the National University of Singapore
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Lim Pin
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon Sui Sen
Minister for Finance
1983–1985
Succeeded by
Richard Hu
Preceded by
Goh Keng Swee
Minister for Education
1985–1991
Succeeded by
Lee Yock Suan
Preceded by
Ong Teng Cheong
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
1995–2005
Succeeded by
Wong Kan Seng
Preceded by
Lee Boon Yang
Minister for Defence
1995–2003
Succeeded by
Teo Chee Hean
New office Coordinating Minister for Security and Defence
2003–2005
Succeeded by
Shunmugam Jayakumar
as Coordinating Minister for National Security
Preceded by
S. R. Nathan
President of Singapore
2011–2017
Succeeded by
Halimah Yacob
2011 Singaporean presidential election

The Singaporean presidential election of 2011 was the fourth Singaporean presidential election, held on 27 August 2011 after president S. R. Nathan term ended in September 2011. Nomination Day for eligible candidates was held on 17 August 2011.Four candidates were issued certificates of eligibility by Singapore's Presidential Elections Committee, and all four were nominated on Nomination Day. This was the first contested election since the 1993 election and the first presidential race with more than two candidates in Singaporean history. With 2,153,014 local votes and 3,375 overseas votes cast, this was also the biggest democratic exercise in Singapore to date.

All four eligible candidates are Chinese Singaporeans, and by coincidence, all have the surname of Tan. This meant that by Nomination Day, it was certain that Singapore's next president will be named "President Tan", and that Singapore would have a president of Chinese heritage, for the first time since Ong Teng Cheong stepped down from the Presidency in 1999.

The Returning Officer Yam Ah Mee declared Tony Tan as president-elect with a vote share of 35.20%. He was inaugurated as the seventh President of Singapore on 1 September 2011.

Coordinating Minister for National Security (Singapore)

Co-ordinating Minister for National Security (Abbreviation: CMNS; Malay: Menteri Penyelaras bagi Keselamatan Negara; Chinese: 国家安全统筹部长; Tamil: தேசியப் பாதுகாப்பு ஒருங்கிணைப்பு அமைச்சர்) is an appointment in the Cabinet of Singapore, currently held by Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean.The position was created on 1 August 2003. At that time, it was called the Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence. The position was held by Tony Tan Keng Yam, then the Deputy Prime Minister. On 1 September 2005, Shunmugam Jayakumar took over the position that was renamed as Co-ordinating Minister for National Security.

Its responsibility is to oversee counter-terrorism in Singapore, by co-ordinating efforts in different government agencies.

Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore

The Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the deputy head of the government of the Republic of Singapore. The role of Deputy Prime Minister is the second highest post and senior Cabinet Minister in Singapore. The holder will sometimes assume the role of Acting Prime Minister when the PM is temporarily absent from Singapore. Since the mid-1980s, Singapore has usually had two Deputy Prime Ministers at a time. Only Ong Teng Cheong and Tony Tan (who later became Singaporean presidents) served under more than one Prime Minister during their time as Deputy Prime Minister.

The office of Deputy Prime Minister dates back to 1959 and was appointed at first by the Governor of Singapore then the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (vice-regal head of state), when Singapore achieved self-governance as the State of Singapore within the British Empire. The title of Deputy Prime Minister remained unchanged after the merger with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo, while Singapore was a state in the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965, and after independence in 1965.

Toh Chin Chye was the first deputy prime minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1968 and retired on 2 August 1968. In a recent cabinet reshuffle announced 23 April 2019, Minister of Finance Heng Swee Keat will assume his role as the Deputy Prime Minister, while the two incumbents Teo Chee Hean and Tharman Shanmugaratnam relinquishes their posts (while retaining their respective Co-ordinating Ministerial portfolios) effective from 1 May.

First Lee Hsien Loong Cabinet

The First Cabinet of Lee Hsien Loong of the Government of Singapore was sworn into office on 12 Aug 2004.

The swearing-in ceremony was held outdoors on the Istana grounds—instead of City Hall where his two predecessors Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong held their ceremonies— in order to accommodate 1,400 invited guests representing different demographics of the population. S. Jayakumar was elevated to Deputy Prime Minister, while Tony Tan retained his DPM position — a post he held since his return to Cabinet in 1995. Lee Hsien Loong retained his Finance Minister post held since 2001.Lee's immediate predecessor, Goh Chok Tong, was named Senior Minister, and ranked second in order of precedence. Goh's predecessor, Lee Kuan Yew, who was the nation's first prime minister and Lee Hsien Loong's father, was subsequently named Minister Mentor.

The names in bold are the surnames of Chinese persons, and the personal names of Indian and Malay persons (except for Vivian Balakrishnan and Tharman Shanmugaratnam, where they indicate surnames as well).

Halimah Yacob

Halimah binti Yacob (Jawi: حاليمه بنت يعقوب; born 23 August 1954) is a Singaporean politician who is the current President of Singapore. She was elected in an uncontested election in the 2017 Singaporean presidential election. Halimah was sworn in as President on 13 September 2017.On 7 August 2017, she resigned from her positions as Speaker and MP, and from her membership in the PAP, to stand as a candidate for the 2017 Singapore presidential election. On 13 September 2017, she was returned President-elect in a walkover, as no other presidential candidate was issued the Certificate of Eligibility. She was sworn in the following day, becoming the first female president in the country's history.

Jollibee

Jollibee is a Filipino multinational chain of fast food restaurants owned by Jollibee Foods Corporation (JFC). As of April 2018, JFC had a total of about 1,200 Jollibee outlets worldwide; with presence in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, East Asia (Hong Kong, Macau), North America, Europe (Italy, UK).

Lucien Wong

Lucien Wong Yuen Kuai (born 1953) is the incumbent Attorney-General of the Republic of Singapore and a former veteran corporate lawyer. Wong was formerly chairman and senior partner of Allen & Gledhill, and chairman of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre and the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore.

Mexico–Singapore relations

The United Mexican States and the Republic of Singapore have had diplomatic and other bilateral relations since 1975. Both nations are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.

Minister for Education (Singapore)

The Minister for Education is an appointment in the Cabinet of Singapore and heads the Ministry of Education. The position from 1 October 2015 to 30 April 2018 is held by two ministers, Ng Chee Meng (Schools) and Ong Ye Kung (Higher Education and Skills). It reverts to having one minister thereafter.

With the expanding scope of education in Singapore and the implementation of SkillsFuture in 2016, the Ministry of Education is now helmed by two ministers – one minister (Schools) overseeing pre-school, primary, secondary, and junior college education; and another minister (Higher Education and Skills) overseeing the ITE, polytechnics, universities and SkillsFuture.

One-north

one-north is a subzone and business park located in Queenstown, Singapore. The park was developed by JTC Corporation for the R&D and high technology cluster, comprising biomedical sciences, infocomm technology (ICT) and media industries. Though the development was first conceptualised in the National Technology Plan 1991, it was only launched officially in 2001 by former Deputy Prime Minister Tony Tan Keng Yam with the basis of creating a "global talent hub" and a knowledge-based economy.one-north, which was master planned by Zaha Hadid Architects, is located near educational and research institutes like the National University of Singapore (NUS), INSEAD, Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT) and the Singapore Science Parks. In 2012, ESSEC Business School also set up its Asian campus in one-north, for a total investment of S$40 million. The district has easy access to social and recreational facilities due to the close proximity to Holland Village.

Besides being a "science hub" as Dr Tan described one-north at the launch, another aim is to create a community where expatriates and locals can gather to live, work and relax together in one-north. As such, one-north will not be a government project only, but also one where private sectors contribute to provide the social and recreational amenities for the people working and living there.

Reflections at Bukit Chandu

Reflections at Bukit Chandu is a World War II interpretive centre developed and managed by the National Archives of Singapore, located on Bukit Chandu (Malay for "Opium Hill") off Pasir Panjang Road in Singapore.

The centre was officially opened by Singapore's Deputy Prime Minister Tony Tan on 15 February 2002. This date also marks the 60th anniversary of the fall of Singapore in 1942.

S. R. Nathan

Sellapan Ramanathan ( ; 3 July 1924 – 22 August 2016), usually referred to as S. R. Nathan, was a Singaporean politician who was the sixth President of Singapore from 1999 to 2011, having been elected in uncontested elections in 1999 and 2005. In 2009, he surpassed Benjamin Sheares to become Singapore's longest-serving President.

Sembawang Group Representation Constituency

Sembawang Group Representation Constituency (Chinese: 三巴旺集选区; Malay: Kawasan Undi Perwakilan Berkumpulan Sembawang; Tamil: செம்பவாங் குழுத்தொகுதி) is a five-member Group Representation Constituency (GRC) located in the northern area of Singapore. The GRC consists of Sembawang, Woodlands, Admiralty, Canberra and Gambas. It also encompasses a section of Singapore's northern territorial waters in the Straits of Johor.

Since its creation in 1988, the GRC has been held by the People's Action Party and it has been uncontested at every general election until the general election in 2006. The Group Representation Constituency was led by former Deputy Prime Minister and PAP chairman Tony Tan until his retirement in 2006, who would later go on to serve as the seventh President of the Republic of Singapore (2011 and 2017).

The largest number of voters meant that the constituencies are split into Holland-Bukit Panjang GRC (now Holland-Bukit Timah GRC) in 2001 (Bukit Panjang division), Nee Soon GRC in 2011 (Chong Pang and Canberra divisions) and Marsiling-Yew Tee GRC in 2015 (Marsiling and Woodgrove divisions). Nee Soon GRC had handed back Simpang planning area to Sembawang GRC to allow further development in 2015. With the growing development of both Sembawang and Yishun new towns, the next election will see Canberra division hived off into a SMC and/or the Yishun portion of Gambas returning to Nee Soon GRC.

Currently, Sembawang GRC is both led by Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan (who's also the Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure and the fifth PAP chairman) and Education Minister Ong Ye Kung.

Sembawang Single Member Constituency

Sembawang Single Member Constituency (Traditional Chinese: 三巴旺單選區;Simplified Chinese: 三巴旺单选区) is a defunct single member constituency in Sembawang, Singapore that was formed in 1955 and continued until 1988 when it was one of the founding wards of the larger Sembawang Group Representation Constituency and continues throughout as present ward.

Singapore National Day Parade, 2017

The Singapore National Day Parade 2017, also known as NDP 2017, is a national parade and ceremony that held on 9 August 2017 in commemoration of Singapore's 52nd year of independence. It located at The Float at Marina Bay, also the 10th anniversary of the venue which was first built for the NDP Celebrations in 2007. As the life span for the floating venue is 10 years, this could possibly be the final edition of the NDP that held at the Float. likewise it was also the commemoration of NS50 which marks 50 years of National Service in Singapore since 1967 and also was the last National Day Parade for former President Tony Tan Keng Yam who was ending his 6-year term as the 7th President of Singapore.

Steven Chong

Steven Chong Horng Siong (born 1957) is a Singaporean judge who currently serves as a Judge of Appeal in the Court of Appeal, the highest court in the country. Formerly a Supreme Court judge, he served as Attorney-General from 25 June 2012 to 25 June 2014 before he was appointed Judge of Appeal on 16 February 2017.

Tan Jee Say

Tan Jee Say (born 12 February 1954) is a Singaporean investment adviser, politician and former civil servant. He was a principal private secretary to former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong and contested the 2011 general election under the opposition Singapore Democratic Party (SDP), but failed to win a seat. Tan lost in the 2011 presidential election and finished in third place with 25% of the national vote. Tan is also the founder and the current Secretary General of Singaporeans First.

Tony Tan Caktiong

Tony Tan Caktiong, (simplified Chinese: 陈觉中; traditional Chinese: 陳覺中; pinyin: Chén Juézhōng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tân Kak-tiong; born January 5, 1953) is a Filipino entrepreneur. He is the founder and chairman of Jollibee Foods Corporation and the co-chairman of DoubleDragon Properties.

Tony Tan Lay Thiam

Tony Tan Lay Thiam (simplified Chinese: 陈礼添; traditional Chinese: 陳禮添; pinyin: Chén Lǐ Tiān; born 1970) is a politician and businessman from Singapore who stood as a candidate for the opposition National Solidarity Party in the 2011 general election. He was formerly an officer in the Singapore Armed Forces. He is married to Hazel Poa, who was the Secretary-General of the National Solidarity Party from 2011 to 2013.

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