Tony Horwitz (born June 9, 1958) is an American journalist and author who won the 1995 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting.
His books include One for the Road: a Hitchhiker's Outback (1987), Baghdad Without a Map (1991), Confederates in the Attic (1998), Blue Latitudes (AKA Into the Blue) (2002), A Voyage Long and Strange: Rediscovering the New World (2008), and his most recent book Midnight Rising: John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War (2011).
|Born||Anthony Lander Horwitz|
June 9, 1958
|Education||Sidwell Friends School, Brown University, Columbia School of Journalism|
|Genre||Non-fiction, travel and description, military history, biography|
|Subject||Civil War, maritime discoveries|
|Notable awards||1994 James Aronson Award, 1995 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting|
|Spouse||Geraldine Brooks (m. 1984)|
He was born Anthony Lander Horwitz in Washington, D.C., the son of Norman Harold Horwitz, a neurosurgeon, and Elinor Lander Horwitz, a writer. Horwitz is an alumnus of Sidwell Friends School, in Washington, D.C. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa as a history major from Brown University and received a master's degree at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.
Horwitz won a 1994 James Aronson Award and the 1995 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting for his stories about working conditions in low-wage America published in The Wall Street Journal. He also worked as a staff writer for The New Yorker and as a foreign correspondent covering conflicts in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East.
The Pulitzer Prizes for 1995 were announced on April 18, 1995.American Civil War reenactment
American Civil War reenactment is an effort to recreate the appearance of a particular battle or other event associated with the American Civil War by hobbyists known (in the United States) as Civil War reenactors, or living historians.
Although most common in the United States, there are also American Civil War reenactors in Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, and Poland.Apalachee
The Apalachee are a Native American people who historically lived in the Florida Panhandle. They lived between the Aucilla River and Ochlockonee River, at the head of Apalachee Bay, an area known to Europeans as the Apalachee Province. They spoke a Muskogean language called Apalachee, which is now extinct.
The Apalachee occupied the site of Velda Mound starting about 1450 CE, but had mostly abandoned it when Spanish started settlements in the 17th century. They first encountered Spanish explorers in 1528, when the Narváez expedition arrived. Traditional tribal enemies, European diseases, and European encroachment severely reduced their population. The survivors dispersed, and over time many Apalachee integrated with other groups, particularly the Creek Confederacy, while others relocated to other Spanish territories, and some remained in what is now Louisiana. About 300 descendants in Rapides and Natchitoches parishes assert an Apalachee identity today.Blue Latitudes
Blue Latitudes: Boldly Going Where Captain Cook Has Gone Before (United States), or Into the Blue: Boldly Going Where Captain Cook Has Gone Before (Australia), is a travel book by Tony Horwitz, published in 2002.
In it, the Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist travels to various parts of the world, following in the footsteps of explorer James Cook. The book compares the current conditions of the places Cook visited to what Cook documented at the time, and describes the different legacies Cook has left behind.Horowitz begins with his experience as a volunteer deckhand on the replica of HM Bark Endeavour. Some of the places Horowitz visits in his travels include Australia, the small island nation of Niue, the Society Islands, Tonga, New Zealand, the birthplace and home of Cook in North Yorkshire England, Alaska, and Hawaii.Confederates in the Attic
Confederates in the Attic (1998) is a work of non-fiction by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Tony Horwitz. Horwitz explores his deep interest in the American Civil War and investigates the ties in the United States among citizens to a war that ended more than 130 years previously. He reports on attitudes on the Civil War and how it is discussed and taught, as well as attitudes about race.
Among the experiences Horwitz has in the book:
Horwitz's first day with reenactors, led by Robert Lee Hodge, a particularly hardcore reenactor (who is featured in a photo on the cover of the book). He is a waiter.
Lee-Jackson Day in North Carolina
Touring Charleston, South Carolina, including Fort Sumter National Monument
Studying a Union soldier on a monument celebrating Confederates in Kingstree, South Carolina
The aftermath of the murder of Michael Westerman, a Todd County, Kentucky man murdered by a gunshot fired from a car containing black teenagers, for having a Confederate flag on the back of his pickup truck
A reenactment of the Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia
A visit with the historian and novelist Shelby Foote, author of The Civil War: A Narrative (1958, 1963, 1974). He had become more widely known after appearing in Ken Burns's Civil War documentary
Visiting Shiloh National Military Park during the anniversary of the battle.
Exploring the "truth" about Gone with the Wind
Visiting Andersonville National Historic Site, where prisoners of war were held
Visiting Fitzgerald, Georgia, a town founded by union veterans in Georgia which became notable for reconciliation between Union and Confederate veterans
Touring Vicksburg, Mississippi
Going on Robert Hodge's "Civil Wargasm", a week-long journey to various battle sites in Virginia and Maryland, remaining in authentic uniform and sleeping on the battlefields
An off-and-on chat with Alberta Martin, believed at the time to be the last surviving widow of a Confederate soldier.
Confederate heritage in Selma, AlabamaWhen published, Confederates in the Attic became a bestseller in the United States. The New York Times described it as intellectually honest and humorous, saying Horwitz seemed uncomfortable placed between two sides, seeking peace between the factions.Toward the end of the chapter on Alberta Martin, Horwitz claims that Martin's Confederate husband was a deserter. In response, in 1998 the Southern Legal Resource Center sued Horwitz on Martin's behalf, with encouragement from the Sons of Confederate Veterans. It noted that two other William Martins were on the rolls of the same company as Alberta's husband. In addition, the SLRC claimed that Horwitz had ridiculed her in his book.In 2000 the University of North Carolina's Chapel Hill campus added Confederates in the Attic to their freshman reading list.Elinor Lander Horwitz
Elinor Lander Horwitz (born March 1929) is an American author of young adult and adult books. She lives in Chevy Chase, Maryland.
Mountain People, Mountain Crafts was on The New York Times' list of "Outstanding Books." "When the Sky is Like Lace" was on the New York Times' list of "Outstanding Books" of the year.Fitzgerald, Georgia
The city of Fitzgerald is the county seat of Ben Hill County in the south central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 9,053. It is the principal city of the Fitzgerald Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Ben Hill and Irwin counties.Geraldine Brooks (writer)
Geraldine Brooks (born 14 September 1955) is an Australian American journalist and novelist whose 2005 novel, March, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. While retaining her Australian citizenship, she became a United States citizen in 2002.Hispanophobia
Anti-Spanish sentiment or Hispanophobia (from Latin Hispanus, "Spaniard" and Greek φοβία (phobia), "fear") is a fear, distrust, aversion, hatred, or discrimination against Hispanic people, Hispanic culture and the Spanish language. Its opposite is Hispanophilia. This historical phenomenon has had three main stages, originating in 16th-century Europe, reawakening during 19th-century disputes over Spanish and Mexican territory such as the Spanish–American and Mexican–American Wars, and finally in tandem with politically charged controversies such as bilingual education and illegal immigration to the United States. Within the complex identity politics of Spain, Catalan, Basque, Galician nationalism has also been identified with hispanophobic views and discourse.Horwitz
Horwitz is a surname, current among Ashkenazi Jews. It is derived from the Yiddish pronunciation of the name of the town of Hořovice in Bohemia.
Notable people with the surname include:
Arnold Horwitz (later Arnold Horween), American football player for Harvard Crimson and in the NFL
Bernhard Horwitz, German chess player
Brian Horwitz (born 1982), American major league baseball outfielder
Jacob H. Horwitz (1892–1992), American businessman, philanthropist and fashion innovator.
Jerome Lester Horwitz, a.k.a. Curly Howard, of the Three Stooges
Kai Horwitz (born 1998), Chilean Olympic alpine skier
Maksymilian Horwitz, aka Henryk Walecki (1877–1937), leader and theoretician of the Polish communist movement
Morton Horwitz (born 1938), legal historian and law professor
Moses Harry Horwitz, a.k.a. Moe Howard, of the Three Stooges
Phineas Jonathan Horwitz (1822–1904), former Surgeon General of the United States Navy
Ralph Horwitz (later "Ralph Horween), American football player for Harvard Crimson and in the NFL
Ronald Horwitz, known as Ronald Harwood
Samuel Horwitz, a.k.a. Shemp Howard of the Three Stooges
Steven Horwitz, American economist
Susan B. Horwitz, American computer scientist
Susan Band Horwitz, American biochemist
Tony Horwitz, American journalist
William Horwitz, analytical chemist, formerly at the US Food and Drug Administration
Yosef Yozel Horwitz, rabbiMabila
The town of Mabila (or Mavila, Mavilla, Mauvilla) was a small fortress town known to Chief Tuskaloosa in 1540, in a region of present-day central Alabama. The exact location has been debated for centuries, but southwest of present-day Selma, Alabama, is one possibility. Mabila was a Trojan horse, constructed as a fake village. It concealed more than 2500 native warriors, who had been gathered in 1540 by their chief to attack a large part of invaders in the Muskogee territory: Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and his expedition.
When Hernando de Soto had first met Tuskaloosa at his home village, and asked him for supplies, Tuskaloosa advised them to travel to another of his towns, known as Mabila, where supplies would be waiting. A native messenger was sent ahead to Mabila. When Tuskaloosa arrived with the first group of Spaniards, he asked the Spanish people to leave. When a fight broke out between one soldier and a native, many hidden warriors emerged from houses and began shooting arrows. The Spaniards fled, leaving their possessions inside the fortress. The full conflict that resulted is called the Battle of Mabila.Michael Beck
John Michael Beck Taylor (born February 4, 1949), commonly known as Michael Beck, is an American actor, known for his role as Swan in the 1979 film, The Warriors, and as Sonny Malone in Xanadu.Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting
This Pulitzer Prize has been awarded since 1942 for a distinguished example of reporting on national affairs in the United States. In its first six years (1942–1947), it was called the Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting – National.Shelby Foote
Shelby Dade Foote Jr. (November 17, 1916 – June 27, 2005) was an American historian and novelist who wrote The Civil War: A Narrative, a three-volume history of the American Civil War. With geographic and cultural roots in the Mississippi Delta, Foote's life and writing paralleled the radical shift from the agrarian planter system of the Old South to the Civil Rights era of the New South. Foote was little known to the general public until his appearance in Ken Burns's PBS documentary The Civil War in 1990, where he introduced a generation of Americans to a war that he believed was "central to all our lives."
Foote did all his writing by hand with a nib pen, later transcribing the result into a typewritten copy.In a 1997 interview with Donald Faulkner and William Kennedy, Foote stated that he would have fought for the Confederacy, and "what's more, I would fight for the Confederacy today if the circumstances were similar. There's a great deal of misunderstanding about the Confederacy, the Confederate flag, slavery, the whole thing. The political correctness of today is no way to look at the middle of the nineteenth century. The Confederates fought for some substantially good things. States rights is not just a theoretical excuse for oppressing people. You have to understand that the raggedy Confederate soldier who owned no slaves and probably couldn't even read the Constitution, let alone understand it, when he was captured by Union soldiers and asked, “what are you fighting for?” replied, I'm fighting because you're down here. So I certainly would have fought to keep people from invading my native state."Star of the West
Star of the West was an American civilian steamship that was launched in 1852 and scuttled by Confederate forces in 1863. In January 1861, the ship was hired by the government of the United States to transport military supplies and reinforcements to the U.S. military garrison of Fort Sumter. A battery on Morris Island, South Carolina manned by cadets from the South Carolina Military Academy (now The Citadel) fired upon the ship, effectively the first shots fired in the American Civil War.The ship was later captured by Confederate forces, then used for several purposes including as a hospital ship and a blockade runner, and finally scuttled in defense of Vicksburg in 1863.Tocobaga
Tocobaga (occasionally Tocopaca) was the name of a chiefdom, its chief, and its principal town during the 16th century. The chiefdom was centered around the northern end of Old Tampa Bay, the arm of Tampa Bay that extends between the present-day city of Tampa and northern Pinellas County. The exact location of the principal town is believed to be the archeological Safety Harbor Site, which gives its name to the Safety Harbor culture, of which the Tocobaga are the most well-known group.
The name "Tocobaga" is often applied to all of the native peoples of the immediate Tampa Bay area during the first Spanish colonial period (1513-1763). While they were culturally very similar, most of the villages on the eastern and southern shores of Tampa Bay were likely affiliated with other chiefdoms, such as the Pohoy, Uzita, and Mocoso. Study of archaeological artifacts has provided insight into the everyday life of the Safety Harbor culture. However, little is known about the political organization of the early peoples of the Tampa Bay area. The scant historical records come exclusively from the journals and other documents made by members of several Spanish expeditions that traversed the area in the 1500s.
The Tocobaga and their neighbors disappeared from the historical record by the early 1700s, as diseases brought by European explorers decimated the local population and survivors were displaced by the raids and incursions of other indigenous groups from the north. The Tampa Bay area was virtually uninhabited for over a century.Tribes with Flags
"Tribes With Flags" is part of a phrase attributed to Tahseen Bashir, an Egyptian diplomat (April 1925 - June 11, 2002). Regarding his belief in the centrality of Egypt within the Middle East he opined: "Egypt is the only nation-state in the Arab world; the rest are just tribes with flags".Another version of Mr. Bashir’s ‘flag’ quip is: " 'When the chips are down, there is only one real place in the entire area – Egypt,' a Cairo diplomat once declared. 'All the rest – forgive me – are tribes with flags.' " Two book title take-offs on this quote are Tribes With Flags: A Dangerous Passage Through the Chaos of the Middle East (Apr. 1990) and Tribes With Flags: A Journey Curtailed (1992), both by Charles Glass.