Sir Anthony Barnes "Tony" Atkinson CBE FBA (4 September 1944 – 1 January 2017) was a British economist, senior research fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics.
Tony Atkinson at the Festival of Economics in Trento, May 2015
Anthony Barnes Atkinson
4 September 1944
|Died||1 January 2017 (aged 72)|
|Institution||Nuffield College, Oxford|
London School of Economics
|Field||Economics of income distribution, poverty, micro-economics|
|Alma mater||Cambridge University|
|Information at IDEAS / RePEc|
Atkinson attended Cranbrook School. After considering studying mathematics, he graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1966 with a first-class degree before spending time at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He cited his interest in inequality as beginning from volunteering in a German hospital in the 1960s.
He served as Warden of Nuffield College, Oxford, from 1994 to 2005. Before that he held positions at the University of Cambridge, University College London, the London School of Economics, the University of Essex and the University of Oxford. He also edited the Journal of Public Economics.
Atkinson's work was predominantly on income distributions. There is an inequality measure named after him: the Atkinson index. In a joint article with Joseph Stiglitz, he laid one of the cornerstones for the theory of optimal taxation.
He recommended government intervention in markets such as employment guarantees and wage controls to influence the redistribution of economic rewards. He traced the history of inequality, coining the phrase the "inequality turn" to describe the period when household inequality began to rise around 1980. From the 1980s onwards, men and women "tended to marry those who earned like themselves", with rich women marrying rich men. As more women joined the workforce inequality increased.
Atkinson examined how the wealthy disproportionately influence public policy and influence governments to implement policies that protect wealth. He presented a set of policies regarding technology, employment, social security, the sharing of capital, and taxation that could shift the inequality in income distribution in developed countries. He also advocated the introduction of a basic income.
Atkinson, who worked on inequality and poverty for more than four decades, was a mentor to Thomas Piketty (author of Capital in the Twenty-First Century); they worked together on building an historical database on top incomes. Piketty described him as "the godfather of historical studies of income and wealth."
He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1984, a Fellow of the Econometric Society in 1974, Honorary Member of the American Economic Association in 1985 and Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1994.
He was President of the Econometric Society in 1988. He was knighted in 2000 and made a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur in 2001. He was the first person to be honoured with the A.SK Social Science Award by the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB Social Science Center in Berlin) in 2007. He was president of the board of the Luxembourg Income Study, having advised on its creation in the 1980s.
CIP t.p. (A.B. Atkinson, London School of Economics) data sheet (b. 09-04-44)
| President of the Human Development and Capability Association
September 2012 – September 2014
Henry S. Richardson
was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.1944 in the United Kingdom
Events from the year 1944 in the United Kingdom. The year was dominated by the Second World War.1991 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
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was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2017th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 17th year of the 3rd millennium, the 17th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2010s decade.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.2017 in Europe
This is a list of events that took place in Europe in 2017.2017 in the United Kingdom
Events from the year 2017 in the United Kingdom.Alison Booth
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The Journal of Public Economics is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering public economics, with particular emphasis on the application of modern economic theory and methods of quantitative analysis. It provides a forum for discussion of public policy of interest to an international readership. It was established in 1972 by Tony Atkinson and is published by Elsevier. The current editors-in-chief are Wojciech Kopczuk (Columbia University) and Erzo F.P. Luttmer (Dartmouth College). According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 1.905.Kaushik Basu
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Optimum population refers to the size of a population that produces the best results according to chosen end targets. One text from 1926 presented a single end target as being "...the largest per capita income of consumers' goods possible under the given conditions".
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Presidents of the European Economic Association
Presidents of the International Economic Association