Tons River

The Tons (टौंस नदी) is the largest tributary of the Yamuna and flows through Garhwal region in Uttarakhand, touching Himachal Pradesh. The Tons thrust is named after this river.

the main source is Ruinsara snout , located below Dhum Dhar kandi ridge which leads to Kalanag and Banderpoonch and is one of the most major perennial Indian Himalayan rivers. In fact, it carries more water than the Yamuna itself, which its meets below Kalsi near Dehradun, Uttarakhand.[1][2]

Tons River
Mohuna village, Deobun, Northwest of Landour - 1850s
Mohuna village, Deobun, Northwest of Landour - 1850s
Native nameटौंस नदी  (Hindi)
Location
CountryIndia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationBandarpunch, Uttarakhand
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Dehradun, Uttarakhand
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationYamuna

Tons Valley

Tons Valley lies in Jaunsar Bawar region, as it emerges from the Himalayas has haridwar on its eastern bank. The cantonment town of Chakrata is situated between, the Tons and Yamuna rivers.

A view of Tons river from Paonta Sahib,
Tons River, flowing near Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh. The Bridge seen in the picture links Dehradun (uttarakhand) with Paonta Sahib (Himachal)

Tributaries

The Pabbar River is a tributary of the Tons River connecting to it from the west. The Pabbar River is the westernmost river that drains east to the Ganges. The Sutlej River is the next watershed over and is the easternmost river that drains west into the Indus. River is having siltation problem.

The Asan River is a tributary of the Tons that is often named (incorrectly) after this great river as the Tons. The Asan river is a confluence of two small river systems; one comprising streams flowing south from the Himalayan range running from Vikas Nagar towards Tehri (with Mussorie in the centre), and the other comprising streams flowing north-west from the lower Shiwalik hills (that separate Dehradun and Saharanpur districts). The misnomer Tons stands for the river originating from the Mussorie hills, flowing down through Robber's cave, Bijapur canal and Tapkeshwar Mahadev, before emerging into a broad valley behind IMA. This river receives substantial waters from several streams flowing south from the Himalayan slopes. It goes on west beyond the locality of Premnagar to finally join the streams from the lower Shiwaliks and flow toward the Yamuna, which it joins near Poanta Sahib. Asan barrage is constructed just before this confluence.

Identification with ancient Saraswati river

Research [3] points to the possibility of the ancient Saraswati river having had a source in the glacial waters of the Himalayas. The theory [4] states that the Tons river became a tributary of the Yamuna a few thousand years ago following a tectonic event in the Shiwalik range near Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. If this is true, the Tons once ran an independent course somewhat parallel to the Yamuna, running south-west into Haryana where the Yamuna merged into it, and lower down the course into Punjab, where the Sutlej merged into it. This river was then the Saraswati mentioned in the Vedic texts as the greatest of all Indian rivers. However, this is just a theory and is yet to be universally accepted.

Geology

The top of the Tons river is in the Himalayan Crystalline complex. It then flows through Tethan Himalaya rocks before connecting to the Pabbar River in the Lesser Himalayan Sequence. The Tons flows into the Yamuna River after crossing into the Sub-Himalaya Sequence.

In Literature

An engraved plate of a rope bridge crossing in Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1839, inspired the poem Crossing the River Tonse by a Jhoola by Letitia Elizabeth Landon in which the three strands of the rope are echoed by the three-lined verses.

Adventure sports

Along with Ganges, it has now become a major destination for water-based adventure sports like white-water rafting in Uttarakhand.[5] You can stay at Jaunsar Bawar region on the banks of the Tons river and enjoy the grade 4 rafting .Typical season for rafting in Tons is till July.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tons Archived 13 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Jain, Sharad K.; Pushpendra K. Agarwal; Vijay P. Singh (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India- Volume 57 of Water science and technology library - Yamuna River. Springer. pp. 344–354. ISBN 1-4020-5179-4.
  3. ^ K. S. Valdiya, The River Saraswati was a Himalayan-born river K. S. Valdiya Current Science, Vol. 104, No. 1, 10 January 2013, http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/104/01/0042.pdf
  4. ^ https://www.scribd.com/document/380650060/Tracing-the-Origin-of-Saraswati-River-to-Tons-and-Baspa-Rivers
  5. ^ "11 Top Destinations for River Rafting in India - Travel News India". travelnewsindia.com. 1 February 2017.

Coordinates: 30°29′49″N 77°48′06″E / 30.49694°N 77.80167°E

Bahuti Falls

The Bahuti Falls is a waterfall in Rewa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is waterfall in Madhya Pradesh.

Chachai Falls

Chachai Falls is in Rewa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the 23rd highest waterfall in India.

Durvasa

In Hindu Puranas, Durvasa (Sanskrit: दुर्वासा) also known as Durvasas (Sanskrit: दुर्वासस्), was an ancient Rishi, the son of Atri and Anasuya. He is known for his short temper. Hence, wherever he went, he was received with great reverence from humans and devas alike.

According to local tradition in modern Azamgarh, Durvasa's Ashram or hermitage, where many disciples used to go to study under him, was situated in the area, at the confluence of the Tons River and Majhuee rivers, 6 km north of the Phulpur Tehsil headquarters.

His one famous temple called Rishi Durvasa Temple is located in village-Aali Brahman, tehsil-Hathin,dist.-Palwal, Haryana.

Escorteur

The French term escorteur (French: Escorteur) appeared during the Second World War to designate a naval warship, referring to an average or light displacement, which had for mission to protect the oceanic convoys and squadrons from attacks coming from submarines. This role was in general handled by a destroyer escort such as the Buckley and Cannon classes built in the United States, or the Hunt-class destroyer built by the United Kingdom, or even the frigates of the River class built by the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. The Imperial Japanese Navy used the denomination of Kaibokan for this type of naval ship.

Gautam (Rajput clan)

The Gautam Rajput belongs to the Suryavanshi division of Rajputs, found in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Ichari Dam

The Ichari Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Tons River 13 km (8 mi) north of Dakpathar in Uttarakhand, India. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production and it is a run-of-the-river-type. It was completed in 1972. The dam diverts water to the Chibro Power Station (240 MW) which is then returned to the Tons River before being fed to the Khodri Power Station (120 MW).

Indian Military Academy

The Indian Millitary Academy, Dehradun (also known as IMA) is the officer training Academy of the Indian Army. IMA was established in 1932.

Kaimur Range

Kaimur Range (also spelt Kymore) is the eastern portion of the Vindhya Range, about 483 kilometres (300 mi) long, extending from around Katangi in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh to around Sasaram in Rohtas district of Bihar. It passes through the Rewa and Mirzapur divisions. The range never rises more than a few hundred metres above the surrounding plains and has a maximum width of around 80 km.

Keoti Falls

Keoti Falls (also spelt Kevti) is in Rewa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the 24th highest waterfall in India.

Kishau Dam

The Kishau Dam is a proposed gravity dam on the Tons River which will straddle the border between the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. The project site is located about 39 km (24 mi) north of Dakpathar and upstream of the Ichari Dam. The primary purpose of the dam is power generation and downstream water supply. It will support a 660 MW power station and provide water for the irrigation of 97,076 ha (239,880 acres) of crops.

After years of negotiations over water-sharing between the two states, the dam is currently awaiting clearance from the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Construction was originally expected to begin in 2015. Approval was granted in 2018. Completion is slated for 2023.

List of National Waterways in India

There are 111 officially notified Inland National Waterways (NWs) in India identified for the purposes of inland water transport,

as per The National Waterways Act, 2016. Out of the 111 NWs, 106 were created in 2016. The NW network covers around 20,275.5 km. NW-1, 2, & 3 are already operational. Cargo as well as passenger / cruise vessels are plying on these waterways. Detailed Project Report(DPR) for development of NW-4 & 5 was completed in 2010. The DPR of NW 5 was updated in 2014. For the newly declared 106 NWs, techno-economic feasibility studies have been initiated.

Mahasu Devta Temple

Mahasu Devta Temple (Hindi: महासू देवता मंदिर,हनोल),(Garhwali: महासू देवता मंदिर,हनोल) is located on the Tuini-Mori road at Hanol. The temple is dedicated to Mahasu Devta. Lord Mahasu is the chief deity of this area and is worshiped in Mahasu Devta Temple by the people of Hanol and nearby villages. It is the ancient temple of Mahasu Devta built in the 9th century. The temple was constructed in Kath-Kuni or Koti-Banal style of architecture. It is included in the Archaeological Survey of India list of ancient temple in Dehradun circle, Uttarakhand.Mahasu Devta Temple is on the eastern bank of Tons River (Tamas) at Hanol village, near Chakrata, about 190 km from Dehradun and 156 km from Mussoorie.

Maihar State

Maihar State was a princely state in India during the British Raj, located in what is today Madhya Pradesh, central India.

The state had an area of 1,050 square kilometres (407 sq mi), and a population of 63,702 in 1901. The state, which was watered by the Tons River, consists mainly of alluvial soil covering sandstone, and is fertile except in the hilly district of the south. A large area was under forest, the produce of which provided a small export trade.

Purwa Falls

The Purwa Falls is a waterfall in Rewa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Semaria

Semariya is a town and a nagar panchayat and Legislative Assembly Area in Rewa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Swargarohini

Swargarohini is a mountain massif in the Saraswati (Bandarpunch) Range of the Garhwal Himalaya. It lies in the Uttarkashi District of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, west of the Gangotri group of peaks. It comprises four separate peaks: Swargarohini I is the main peak, and is the subject of this article. While not particularly high by Himalayan standards, and not the highest in the Bandarpunch range, Swargarohini I is notable for its dramatic local relief. For example, its north face drops 2,000 metres (6,560 ft) in less than 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of horizontal distance, and its south face achieves the same drop in less than 3 kilometres (1.9 mi). This makes it a steep and challenging climb. Swargarohini I has two summits, east and west. The east summit is given an elevation of 6,247 m (20,495 ft), slightly lower than the west summit. However the first ascensionists of the west summit claim that that summit is the higher of the two.This snow-clad peak along is the source of the Tons River and along with the Bandarpunch massif it acts as a watershed between the Yamuna and the Bhagirathi Rivers.

Tamsa River

The Tamsa River is a tributary of the Ganges flowing through the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Teonthar

Teonthar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Rewa district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Tons

Tons can refer to:

Tons River, a major river in India

Tamsa River, locally called Tons in its lower parts (Allahabad district, Uttar pradesh, India).

the plural of ton, a unit of mass, force, volume, energy or powershort ton, 2,000 pounds, used in the United States

long ton, 2,240 pounds, used in countries such as United Kingdom which use the imperial system

metric ton, also known as tonne, 1,000 kilograms, or 2,204.6 poundsTons (band), an American rock band

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