Tonbridge and Malling

Coordinates: 51°16′59″N 0°21′00″E / 51.283°N 0.350°E

Tonbridge and Malling District
Tonbridge and Malling shown within Kent
Tonbridge and Malling shown within Kent
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countyKent
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQWest Malling
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyTonbridge and Malling Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPsTracey Crouch
Tom Tugendhat
Area
 • Total92.71 sq mi (240.13 km2)
Area rank150th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total130,508
 • Rank171st (of 317)
 • Density1,400/sq mi (540/km2)
 • Ethnicity
98.3% White
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code29UP (ONS)
E07000115 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTQ6386756441
Websitewww.tmbc.gov.uk

Tonbridge and Malling is an English local government district with borough status in Kent, England. It is in the mid-west of the county.

Geography

Tonbridge and Malling Borough covers an area from the North Downs at Burham and Snodland in the north to the town of Tonbridge in the south. The River Medway meanders north-east through the borough towards the Medway Gap, having in the west of the area received the River Eden. The castle-passing Eden Valley Walk is also mostly in this borough.

Administrative history

The district was created on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the urban district of Tonbridge, together with Malling Rural District and the civil parishes of Hadlow and Hildenborough from Tonbridge Rural District.

History and architecture

Ancient times

The area has been occupied for thousands of years. The Neolithic people left behind much evidence: megaliths such as Kit's Coty House at Aylesford and the Coldrum Stones at Trottiscliffe; and the Long barrows at Addington being examples. Bronze and Iron Age finds are also plentiful. So too is Romano-British: evidence is to be found all along the Medway Valley.

The immediate district of Tonbridge is omitted from the Domesday Book; however most other settlements in the Borough are included. Castles were built at Tonbridge, Allington and West Malling in the 13th century. Religious houses: Malling, Aylesford and Tonbridge were built: one such was St Mary's Abbey dating from 1092. Aylesford Priory on the banks of the Medway, was built in the 13th century.

Medieval manor houses can still be seen, Ightham Mote and Old Soar Manor being two of them.

19th century onwards

Description

Tonbridge district can be divided in two distinct areas, which were divided at the beginning of the nineteenth century by the woods and heaths of the ragstone (1) ridge from Great Comp to East Malling. Northwards lies the well peopled Vale of Holmesdale with the market town of West Malling as the principal centre of population, an area crossed lengthways by the railway and motorway (M20); southwards of the ridge is the heavy clay of the Weald and valley of the Medway[1]

Kentish ragstone geologically speaking is the Upper Greensand Ridge, used in church building in Kent.

Modern borough

Hadlow Tower, Hadlow, Tonbridge & Malling, Kent, UK
Hadlow Tower is in Tonbridge and Malling Borough
Fairlawne House - geograph.org.uk - 1363808
Fairlawne House is in this borough

The land included is mainly agricultural – orchards, and livestock in the main – although major business parks and buildings within 30 miles (50 km) coupled with the railways and the motorway means a majority of working residents commute to work in the more built-up villages and Tonbridge. The new settlement of Kings Hill can be regarded as equally tied in with the economy of Maidstone to that of parts of Kent further to the western extremity.

A remnant of the once flourishing hop-growing industry is provided by a tourist attraction at Beltring: once the Whitbread Hop Farm, it puts on weekend exhibitions and shows. Tonbridge and Malling has 27 listed buildings in the highest category of the national system, Grade I. This includes eight churches, five reduced structures left over from St Mary's Abbey or Malling Abbey, West Malling and four manor houses, mostly built by lower social ranks than the titled nobility.

IghthamMote
Ightham Mote is in Tonbridge and Malling

A diverse materials and appearance construction is Ightham Mote which is recognised in the highest category of the UK's architecture listing system, Grade I, though no longer in private hands. East Malling Research Station disseminates results of research into matters affecting horticultural crops, with particular emphasis on the fruit, hop and nursery stock industries.

Many of the villages are beside long-distance walks with tourist accommodation enabling tours of the orchards and bluebell woods.

Housing

Housing ranges from mid-rise in relatively small areas of towns to low-rise housing, generally with gardens in the villages and most parts of the towns.

Local government

Borough

Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council is based in Kings Hill, with an area office at Tonbridge Castle. The borough is divided for political purposes, into 26 wards, including seven in the town of Tonbridge (Cage Green, Castle, Higham, Judd, Medway, Trench and Vauxhall wards). Outside the town, councillors serve wards covering the following villages or groups of villages, many of which have parish councils also (see below):

  • Aylesford
  • Blue Bell Hill and Walderslade
  • Borough Green and Long Mill
  • Burham, Wouldham and Eccles
  • Ditton
  • Downs
  • East Malling,
  • East Peckham and Golden Green
  • Hadlow, Mereworth and West Peckham
  • Hildenborough
  • Ightham
  • Kings Hill
  • Larkfield – two wards: North and South
  • Snodland – two wards: East and West
  • Wateringbury
  • West Malling and Leybourne
  • Wrotham

Following the 2015 elections, the political makeup of the council is the following: 48 Conservative, 4 Liberal Democrats and 2 Independents

Civil parishes

The lower tier of local government is the civil parish. In this district they are as follows:

Tonbridge, being the former area of Tonbridge Urban District Council, is an unparished area.

In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the area is covered by the larger Tonbridge and Malling Parliamentary Constituency and part of Chatham and Aylesford Parliament constituency.

The council has 45 Conservative and 7 Liberal Democrat councilors as of March 2012.[2]

Population

In the 2011 census the population was 120,805.

Transport

Six railway routes operate through the borough.

The South Eastern Main Line on the route London – Tonbridge – Ashford International – Dover crosses the west of the borough with stations at Hildenborough and Tonbridge.

The Maidstone East Line on the route Victoria – Maidstone East – Ashford International – Canterbury – Thanet with its stations at Borough Green & Wrotham, West Malling for Kings Hill, East Malling and Barming crosses the north of the borough.

From Tonbridge, the Hastings line services run to Tunbridge Wells and Hastings, with some through services from Hastings to London, and the Redhill to Tonbridge Line services run to Redhill: through services on that line to Guildford have been discontinued.

The High Speed 1 line with Eurostar services crosses the north of the borough, but there are no stations here, although southeastern high speed commuter services to / from London St Pancras call at Snodland during the morning and evening peak periods.

The Medway Valley Line links the North Kent Line at Strood with the South Eastern Main Line at Paddock Wood railway station. Stations are at Snodland, New Hythe, and Aylesford on the Strood – Maidstone West section of the line in the north of the borough and Wateringbury on the Maidstone West – Paddock Wood section of the line in the south of the borough. Beltring and Brandbridges Halt is close to the borough boundary. Trains on this line now run through from Paddock Wood to Tonbridge, but through services from Maidstone West via Strood to London Bridge have been discontinued.

The borough has road routes passing through it. There are three motorways: the M2, M20 and the M26; three west-east roads (A20; A21 and the A26 road). Three other roads of similar stature are the A227, A228 and A229.

In addition there are long distance footpaths, among them the Greensand Way, the Medway Valley Walk, the Wealdway and the Eden Valley Walk.

Youth radio station

Tonbridge and Malling has youth projects and organisations including Cupid FM, the first ever youth radio station or project of its kind within the area. The project received funding and support from Kent County Council and Tonbridge & Malling Borough Council, and during 2006 set up a studio and online broadcast which came to a close in November of that year. The station was run by local teens and music was populated by the latest chart hits.

See also

References

Kent History Illustrated Frank W Jessup (KCC, 1966)

  1. ^ extract from Kent Dr Felix Hull (An Ordnance Survey Historical Guide 1988)
  2. ^ http://egenda.tmbc.gov.uk/akstonbridge/users/public/admin/main.pl?op=ListCurrentMembers
1999 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election

Elections to Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council were held on 6 May 1999. The whole borough council (55 members) were up for election. Parish council elections were held on the same day.

2003 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election

Elections to Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council were held on 1 May 2003. The whole borough council (53 members) were up for election. Parish council elections were held on the same day.

2007 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election

Elections to Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council were held on 3 May 2007. The whole borough council (53 members) were up for election. Parish council elections were held on the same day.

2011 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election

Elections to Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council were held on 5 May 2011. The whole borough council (53 members) were up for election. Parish council elections and the national Alternative Vote referendum were held on the same day.

2015 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election

The 2015 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of the Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council in England. It was held on the same day as other local elections.

2019 Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council election

An election was held on 2 May 2019 to elect all 54 members of Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council. Parish council elections were held on the same day.

The Conservatives retained control of the council despite losing seats.

Borough Green

Borough Green is an unclassified English urban community and a civil parish in the Tonbridge and Malling district of Kent. The central area is situated on the A25 road between Maidstone and Sevenoaks, with the M26 motorway running through it within a mile of the centre.

Grade II* listed buildings in Kent

The county of Kent is divided into 13 districts. The districts of Kent are Ashford, Canterbury, Dartford, Dover, Folkestone and Hythe, Gravesham, Maidstone, Medway, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells, Sevenoaks, Swale and Thanet.

As there are 971 Grade II* listed buildings in the county they have been split into separate lists for each district.

Grade II* listed buildings in Ashford (borough)

Grade II* listed buildings in City of Canterbury

Grade II* listed buildings in Dartford (borough)

Grade II* listed buildings in Dover (district)

Grade II* listed buildings in Folkestone and Hythe

Grade II* listed buildings in Gravesham

Grade II* listed buildings in Maidstone (borough)

Grade II* listed buildings in Medway

Grade II* listed buildings in Sevenoaks (district)

Grade II* listed buildings in Swale

Grade II* listed buildings in Thanet

Grade II* listed buildings in Tonbridge and Malling

Grade II* listed buildings in Tunbridge Wells (borough)

Grade I listed buildings in Kent

The county of Kent is divided into 13 districts. The districts of Kent are Ashford, Canterbury, Dartford, Dover, Gravesham, Maidstone, Medway, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells, Sevenoaks, Shepway, Swale and Thanet.

As there are 435 Grade I listed buildings in the county they have been split into separate lists for each district.

Grade I listed buildings in Ashford (borough)

Grade I listed buildings in City of Canterbury

Grade I listed buildings in Dartford (borough)

Grade I listed buildings in Dover (district)

Grade I listed buildings in Gravesham

Grade I listed buildings in Maidstone

Grade I listed buildings in Medway

Grade I listed buildings in Tonbridge and Malling

Grade I listed buildings in Tunbridge Wells (borough)

Grade I listed buildings in Sevenoaks (district)

Grade I listed buildings in Shepway

Grade I listed buildings in Swale

Grade I listed buildings in Thanet

Haysden Country Park

Haysden Country Park is a 64-hectare (160-acre) country park and Local Nature Reserve on the outskirts of Tonbridge in Kent. It is owned by Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council, the Highways Agency, Network Rail and the Environment Agency, and managed by the council.

John Stanley (Tonbridge and Malling MP)

Sir John Paul Stanley (born 12 January 1942) is a British Conservative Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tonbridge and Malling from 1974 to 2015.

ME postcode area

The ME postcode area, also known as the Rochester postcode area, is a group of twenty postcode districts around Medway in Kent, England, wherein the letters in the postcode are derived from. The area is divided into eleven post towns and extends into the districts of Tonbridge and Malling, Swale, Gravesham and Maidstone, as well as covering the entire Unitary authority of Medway.

Malling series

The Malling series is a group of rootstocks for grafting apple trees. It was developed at the East Malling Research Station of the South-Eastern Agricultural College at Wye in Kent, England. From about 1912, Ronald Hatton and his colleagues rationalised, standardised and catalogued the various rootstocks in use in Europe at the time under names such as Doucin and Paradise. Their first list had nine rootstock varieties, assigned the "type" numbers I–IX. The list later grew to twenty-four, and the Roman numerals gave way to Arabic numerals with the prefix "Malling" or "M.". From about 1917, collaboration between East Malling and the John Innes Institute, in Merton Park in Surrey, gave rise to the Malling-Merton series, which were resistant to Eriosoma lanigerum, the woolly apple aphid.

Tonbridge Castle

Tonbridge Castle is situated in Tonbridge, Kent, England.

Tonbridge and Malling (UK Parliament constituency)

Tonbridge and Malling is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Tom Tugendhat, a Conservative.

Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council

Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council (TMBC) is the second level local authority for the Borough of Tonbridge and Malling in Kent, United Kingdom.

Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council elections

Elections to Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council in Kent, United Kingdom are held every four years. Since the last boundary changes in 2003, 53 councillors have been elected from 26 wards.

West Malling

West Malling ( MAW-ling, historically Town Malling) is a historic market town in the Tonbridge and Malling district of Kent, England. It has a population of about 2,500 to 5,000.

West Peckham

West Peckham is a village in the local government district of Tonbridge and Malling in Kent, England. The River Bourne flows through the extreme west of the parish, and formerly powered a paper mill (Hamptons mill) and corn mill (Oxenhoath Mill). The Wateringbury Stream rises in the parish. Oxon Hoath is the former manor house of West Peckham.

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