|Born: May 7, 1896|
Graham, North Carolina
|Died: January 24, 1969 (aged 72)|
Burlington, North Carolina
|July 11, 1918, for the Philadelphia Athletics|
|Last MLB appearance|
|May 28, 1936, for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Earned run average||3.73|
|Career highlights and awards|
He had a 19-year career in Major League Baseball that lasted from 1918 to 1936. He played for the Philadelphia A's, Washington Senators, St. Louis Browns, New York Yankees of the American League and the Boston Braves, Brooklyn Dodgers and Philadelphia Phillies of the National League.
Zachary is well known for giving up Babe Ruth's record-setting 60th home run in 1927. Then the next year, pitching for Ruth's team, the New York Yankees, he won the third game of the World Series, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals.
The 1924 New York Giants season was the franchise's 42nd season. The team finished first in the National League with a record of 93–60, winning the NL pennant for the fourth consecutive season, a record that still stands, as of 2016. They went on to the World Series, losing to the Washington Senators in seven games.1924 Washington Senators season
The 1924 Washington Senators won 92 games, lost 62, and finished in first place in the American League. Fueled by the excitement of winning their first AL pennant, the Senators won the World Series in dramatic fashion, a 12-inning game 7 victory.1924 World Series
In the 1924 World Series, the Washington Senators beat the New York Giants in seven games. The Giants became the first team to play in four consecutive World Series, winning in 1921–1922 and losing in 1923–1924. Their long-time manager, John McGraw, made his ninth and final World Series appearance in 1924. The contest concluded with the second World Series-deciding game which ran to extra innings (the first had occurred in 1912). Later, the Senators would reorganize as the Minnesota Twins, again winning the World Series in a game which ran to extra innings in 1991.
Walter Johnson, after pitching his first 20-victory season (23) since 1919, was making his first World Series appearance, at the age of 36, while nearing the end of his career with the Senators. He lost his two starts, but the Senators battled back to force a Game 7, giving Johnson a chance to redeem himself when he came on in relief in that game. Johnson held on to get the win and give Washington its first and only championship. The seventh game is widely considered to be one of the most dramatic games in Series history.
Johnson struck out twelve Giants batters in Game 1 in a losing cause. Although that total matched Ed Walsh's number in the 1906 World Series, it came in twelve innings. Johnson only struck out nine in the first nine innings.
In Game 7, with the Senators behind 3–1 in the eighth, Bucky Harris hit a routine ground ball to third which hit a pebble and took a bad hop over Giants third baseman Freddie Lindstrom. Two runners scored on the play, tying the score at three. Walter Johnson then came in to pitch the ninth, and held the Giants scoreless into extra innings. With the score still 3–3, Washington came up in the twelfth. With one out, and runners on first and second, Earl McNeely hit another grounder at Lindstrom, and again the ball took a bad hop, scoring Muddy Ruel with the Series-winning run.
This was the only World Series championship victory during the franchise's time in Washington. As the Minnesota Twins, the team won the World Series in 1987 and 1991.1925 Washington Senators season
The 1925 Washington Senators won 96 games, lost 55, and finished in first place in the American League. Fueled by the excitement of winning their second AL pennant, the Senators led 3 games to 1 in the World Series before succumbing to the Pittsburgh Pirates.1926 St. Louis Browns season
The 1926 St. Louis Browns season involved the Browns finishing 7th in the American League with a record of 62 wins and 92 losses.1927 New York Yankees season
The 1927 New York Yankees season was their 25th season. The team finished with a record of 110–44, winning their fifth pennant and finishing 19 games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics and were tied for first or better for the whole season. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they swept the Pittsburgh Pirates. This Yankees team was known for their feared lineup, which was nicknamed "Murderers' Row", and is widely considered to be the greatest baseball team in MLB history.1927 Washington Senators season
The 1927 Washington Senators won 85 games, lost 69, and finished in third place in the American League. They were managed by Bucky Harris and played home games at Griffith Stadium.1928 New York Yankees season
The New York Yankees' 1928 season was their 26th season. The team finished with a record of 101–53, winning their sixth pennant, finishing 2.5 games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they swept the St. Louis Cardinals. Pitcher Urban Shocker died in September due to complications from pneumonia.1929 New York Yankees season
The 1929 New York Yankees season was the team's 27th season in New York and its 29th overall. The team finished with a record of 88–66, finishing in second place, 18 games behind the Philadelphia Athletics. This ended a streak of three straight World Series appearances for the club. New York was managed by Miller Huggins until his death on September 25. They played at Yankee Stadium.1930 Boston Braves season
The 1930 Boston Braves season was the 60th season of the franchise.1931 Boston Braves season
The 1931 Boston Braves season was the 61st season of the franchise. The team finished seventh in the National League with a record of 64–90, 37 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.1932 Boston Braves season
The 1932 Boston Braves season was the 62nd season of the franchise.1933 Boston Braves season
The 1933 Boston Braves season was the 63rd season of the franchise.1934 Boston Braves season
The 1934 Boston Braves season was the 64th season of the franchise. The Braves finished in fourth place in the National League with a record of 78 wins and 73 losses.1934 Brooklyn Dodgers season
Casey Stengel took over as manager for the 1934 Brooklyn Dodgers, but the team still finished in 6th place.1935 Brooklyn Dodgers season
The 1935 Brooklyn Dodgers finished the season in fifth place, with their third straight losing season.1936 Brooklyn Dodgers season
The 1936 Brooklyn Dodgers fired manager Casey Stengel after another dismal campaign, which saw the team finish in 6th place.Constitutional right
A constitutional right can be a prerogative or a duty, a power or a restraint of power, recognized and established by a sovereign state or union of states. All constitutional rights are expressly stipulated and written in a consolidated national constitution, which is the supreme law of the land, meaning that any other laws which are in contradiction with it are considered unconstitutional and thus regarded as invalid. Usually any constitution defines the structure, functions, powers, and limits of the national government and the individual freedoms, rights, and obligations which will be protected and enforced when needed by the national authorities.
Nowadays, most countries have a written constitution comprising similar or distinct constitutional rights. Since 1789, along with the Constitution of the United States of America (hereinafter U.S. Constitution), which is the oldest and shortest written constitution still in force, around 220 other similar constitutions were adopted around the world by independent states.In the late 18th century, Thomas Jefferson predicted that a period of 20 years will be the optimal time for any Constitution to still be in force since "the earth belongs to the living, and not to the dead." Coincidence or not, according to recent studies the average life expectancy of any new written constitution is around 19 years. However, a great number of constitutions do not exceed more than 10 years and around 10% do not last more than 1 year, as it was the case of the French Constitution from 1971 and not only.
The most common reasons for these continuous changes are the political desire of an immediate outcome and the scarcity of time devoted to the constitutional drafting process. A study from 2009 showed that the average time allocated for the drafting part of the process is around 16 months however there were also some extreme cases registered. For example, the Myanmar 2008 Constitution was secretly drafted for more than 17 years, whereas on the other extreme, like the case of the Japan's 1946 Constitution, the bureaucrats drafted everything in no more than a week.Nevertheless, the record for the shortest overall process of drafting, adoption and ratification of a national Constitution belongs to the Romania's 1938 Constitution which installed a royal dictatorship in less than a month. Studies on the matter showed as a general conclusion that usually non-democracies where the registered extreme cases where the constitution-making process either takes too long or is incredibly short. Important not to forget or make any confusions about it is that constitutional rights are not a specific characteristic of democratic countries, but also non-democratic countries have Constitutions, such as North Korea for example, which officially grants every citizen, among other rights, the freedom of expression.Other coded set of laws have existed before the first Constitutions were developed having some similar purpose and functions, like the United Kingdom's 1215 Magna Carta or the Virginia Bill of Rights of 1776.Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster (W–Z)
The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play between 1882 and 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history. The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era. Since the franchise's inception, 2,006 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).
Of those 2,006 Phillies, 114 have had surnames beginning with the letter W, 8 beginning with the letter Y, and 7 beginning with the letter Z; there has never been a Phillies player, nor a player in Major League Baseball history, whose surname begins with the letter X. Two have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: center fielder Lloyd Waner, who was a Phillie during the 1942 season; and left fielder Hack Wilson, who played for Philadelphia in 1934. One member of this list has been elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame; center fielder Cy Williams played 13 seasons for the Phillies, leading the National League in home runs three times in that span.Among the 70 batters in this list, catcher Matt Walbeck has the highest batting average, at 1.000; he notched a hit in his only at-bat with Philadelphia. Other players with an average above .300 include Charlie Waitt (.333 in one season), Curt Walker (.311 in four seasons), Harry Walker (.339 in two seasons), Phil Weintraub (.311 in one season), Pinky Whitney (.307 in ten seasons), and Williams (.306). Williams also leads this list in home runs, with 217, and runs batted in (RBI), with 795. Among the players whose surnames start with Y and Z, Charlie Yingling (.250) and Charlie Ziegler (.273) have the highest averages; Del Young and Todd Zeile lead their respective lists in home runs and RBI.Of this list's 59 pitchers, four share the best win–loss record, in terms of winning percentage; Fred Wenz won two games and lost none in his Phillies career, while Bob Wells, Deke White, and Mike Zagurski each earned a win in their only decisions. Rick Wise leads all members of this list in victories (75) and defeats (76), and is one of ten Phillies pitchers to throw a no-hitter, accomplishing the feat on June 23, 1971. Randy Wolf leads in strikeouts, having thrown 971 in his eight-season Phillies career. The earned run average (ERA) leaders are Huck Wallace and Dan Warthen; each amassed a 0.00 ERA by allowing no earned runs in their Phillies careers. One position player, right fielder Glenn Wilson, also sports a 0.00 ERA after his only pitching appearance with Philadelphia. Among players who have allowed runs, Billy Wagner's 1.86 ERA is best. Leaders among the Y- and Z-named pitchers include Floyd Youmans (1 win, 5.70 ERA, 20 strikeouts), Zagurski (36 strikeouts), and Tom Zachary (4.26 ERA).One player, Bucky Walters, has made 30% or more of his Phillies appearances as a pitcher and a position player. He amassed a 38–53 pitching record with a 4.48 ERA while batting .260 with seven home runs as a third baseman.